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Great Falls daily tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1895-1921, December 27, 1920, Image 1

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GREAT FAILS DAILY TRIBUNE
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR
GREAT FALLS, MONTANA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1920.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
FALL OF FIUME IMMINENT; TROOPS ENTER
NOTORIOUS "MONK" EASTMAN IS MURDERED
Heroic War Record Re
warded by Return to
Citizenship in N. Y.
Leader of Drug Addicts
and Burglars Served
Many Prison Terms.
New York, Dec. 26.—"Monk"
Eastman, once leader of a no
torious gang- that terrorized the
lower East side, a convicted
felon, but restored to citizenship
as a reward for heroism as a
soldier in the great war, was
slain shortly before daybreak
Sunday by "some one unknown".
Eastman's body, -with five bullet
wounds, was found by a policeman od
a street corner. Nearby, on the steps of
n subway entrance law a revolver with
five empty shells.
Robbery Not Motive
In the dead man's pockets were $140,
a watch and chain, and a Christmas
card. Presence of the valuables indi
cated to the police that the killing of
Eastman probably was not part of the
prevailing crime wave, but the result of
a vendetta.
Eastman, whose right name was Wil
liam Delaney, had a youthful career that
was lurid even for underworld annals.
The son of wealthy and indulgent par
ents, he chose as his companions the
gangstvs of the one-time toughest dis
trict in New York, near Fourteenth
street and Third avenue, only a block
from where he was killed Sunday morn
ing.
Underworld Poylçlot
A dozen years ago the "Monk" East
man gang was composed of gunmen,
burglars and drug addicts, and police
claimed to have traced a score of mur
der mysteries to the zone in which the
gangsters operated. Their leader, how
ever. served terms for lesser crimes—
burglary, smuggling of narcotics, and
disposing of stolen goods.
The last time Eastman appeared on
police records was in 1915 when he was
arrested, pleaded guilty to robbery and
was sentenced to two years in prison.
On his release in October. 1917. he on
listed as a doughboy in the 106th In-1
fantry of the 27th division. He then
was 45 years old.
Lacked Citizenship
After the war he was honorably dis
charged, but lacked the rights of citizen
ship because he had been convicted of
felony. Governor Smith, in restoring the
soldier's civic status, acted on the rec
ommendations of the regiment's officers.
The letter of Lieutenant J. A. Kerrigan
read:
"During the attack on Veirstaat ridge.
Eastman was wounded and taken to a j
casualty clearing station. He remained j
there only three days, for upon hearing j
that the regiment expected to go into the
line again, he escaped from the hospital,
equipped himself from a salvage dump,
joined his company and was in action
throughout the entire Hindenburg line
shove. His conduct was exemplary and
he has never been reported for absence
without leave or any other offense.
Examination of Menial Condition
Will Be Made by Pennsyl
vania Sanity Board.
j
Uniontown, Fa.. Dec. 26.—Albert j
Smith, IS), of Fairhope, son of a real !
estate operator, under arrest here in.
connection with many mysterious fires !
during the past several months, in
which more than $1,000.000 worth of
property was destroyed, Sunday accom
panied state troopers in an automobile
to the scene of 13 of the fires. Fayette
county authorities say he admitted hav
ing knowledge of all of them.
Monday an examination into Smith's
mental condition will begin.
State troopers removed the prisoner's
overshoes, which they took to the scenes
of several of the nearby fires for the
purpose of fitting them in some of the
footprints in the frozen snow and
ground. They later reported that not
only did the shoes fit the footprints, but
^
that a small piece of rubber torn from j
the sole had left its mark.
Enrico Caruso, Tenor,
Pleurisy Sufferer
New York, Dec. 26.—Enrico Caruso,
tenor, is suffering from an attack of
pluerisy, the -Metropolitan Opera house
management announced tonight. He is
tinder the ?are of five physicians, who
issued a statement tonight saying the
attack "is of a painful, though not ser
ious character, and will necessitate his
being conL~ned to his room for a period."
i
><AMERICAN
Causes 2 Deaths
His Matrimonial Inter
ests in a Member of
Feminine Partnership
Blamed for Slayings.
New York, Doc. 26.—A man's
matrimonial interests in one mem
ber of a feminine business partner
ship is believed to have causted a
quarrel between two Brooklyn young
women, who were found dead in
their "little beauty parlor" Sunday.
Clasping an automatic in her right
hand. Miss Ann A. Dontegan, a nurse
decorated by the French, lay in the
middle of the room, a bullet wound
in her temple. Mrs. Edna Hague,
25, a widow, shot through "the back
of the head, was lying at the door.
Thrfee months ago Miss Donegan's
sister said, the nurse furnished capi
tal and with Mrs. Hague opened the
beauty shop. Mrs. Hague conducted
the establishment while her partner,
working as a district nurse, managed
Its finances. Dissolution of the busi
ness was threatened several weeks
ago, she said, when Mrs. Hague told
her partner she had received a pro
posal of marriage and probably
would accept. The nurse, objected,
because if Mrs. Hague left she would
suffer a heavy loss.
Income Tax Forms
to Be Distributed
January 3, 1921
Washington, Dec. 26.—Distribu
tion of forms for filing income tax
returns for 1920 will begin January
3, the bureau of internal revenue an
nounced Sunday night. Collectors
for each of 64 districts will simul
taneously release six classes of forms
on that date.
The forms to be sent out are for
making returns on corporation in
come and profits taxes; merchant
marine corporation taxtes and gov
ernment contract profits tax; In
formation as to subsidiary or affili
ated corporations; schedule of tax
able interest on liberty bonds, asd
certificates of inventory.
Minister's Haete
Communion Cup Stirs
Suspicion, and Beating
Detroit, Mich., Dec. 26.—Mis
taken for a thief as he was hurrying
to his church with communion cups
under his arm, Rev. Harry G. Miley,
pastor of St. Paul's English Evan
gelical church, was stopped and bad
ly beaten by a crowd Sunday. The
minister was knocked down twice
and kicked by members of the crowd
before he could make his identity
known. His face was cut and ho
was badly bruised.
GERMAN FOREIGN
TRADE SUFFERS
BADLY IN 1920
Hamburg, Germany, Dec. 26.—(By the
Associated Press).—Germany's foreign
trade relations, which in 1919 gave some
promise of gradual and substantial im
provement, suffered disastrously during
1920, the Hamburg chamber of cim
merce says in its annual report to be
published Monday. Without revision of
the Versailles treaty, the chamber says it
will be impossible for Germany to arrive
at her normal economic and political con
dition.
results," adds the report. "There is a
further movement towards improvement
j of German economical conditions in the
j over-stocking of foreign markets with
! food and raw stuffs,"
Warns of Foreign Credits,
! , , . • ,
The report advises against the accept
a "°? " f foreign credits by the Germans
'There are some signs of the begin
ning of a better state of conditions in
the apparent increased inclination to:?
work and the desire for better productive!
- —
"unless the stipulations for paying back
the loans are clearly prepared "
It is believed by the chamber of com
Washington, Dec. 26.—Increase of
240 per cent in American exports to
j Spain from 1014 to 1919, is noted in a
American Exports
to Spain Jump 240
Per Cent, Report
report on the "growing importance of
the Spanish market," made public Sun
day by the department of commerce.
The favorable American trade growth
is explained by Trade Commissioner
Arthur Young, author of the report, as
due largely to the displacement of Ger
many and to some extent of France amd
Great Britain in the Spanish market by
the United States.
As a result of the war, the report
asserts Spain, like the United States,
SÄTtlÄS»* Ä" ™,
Spain in 1919, amounting to $772,000,
Spa
000,
RAILROADS COMPLETE
RECORD YEAR AND CONTEMPLATE
NO INCREASE IN FREIGHT RATES
Banished Mexican
Revolutionary Chief
Reaches Guatemala
Mexico City, Dec. 26.—Felix Diaz,
ntephew of former President Diaz
and at one time a revolutionary
leader, who, after his recent cap
ture in the state of Vera Cruz, was
deported to Cuba, has arrived in
Guatemala and is said to bto contem
plating aggression against the Mex
ican government, according to re
ports received here Saturday night.
Candido Aguilar, son-in-law of
the late President Carranza, who at
various timtes has been reported to
be harboring revolutionary ideas, is
known to be in Guatemala. The war
office here has announced they were
watchiRg Aguilar's movements, but
does not bfelieve ha intended to start
trouble in Mexico.
Manifesto Addressed to
Nations' League Pre
pared, Says Paris.
Paris. Pec. 26,-Ij San
festo has been prepared by the Austrian
government addressed to the League of
Nations, asking that. Austria be attached
to Germany. Dr. Walter Simons, the
German foreign minister, and Count
Ottokar Cssernin von Chudenitz, former
Austro-Hungarian foreign minister, are
said to have drafted the document.
The Petit Parisien declares that the
recent treaty signed by Italy and Jugo
slavia specifically provides for recipro
cal support to prevent any restoration
of the monarchy either in Austria or
Hungary.
A Copenhagen dispatch December 8
said Count Czernin von Chudenitz was j
in Berlin discussing with leading poHti
eians the possibility of uniting Germany
and Austria following the latter's admis- j
sion into the League of Nations.
merce that the United States is in a re
markable position for development of its
V
American line—Harrirnan shipping
rangement has placed Germany in a po
sition to obtain some share of the ex
panding business.
German commerce with the South
American countries is reported to be vir
tually at a standstill.
American Blacklist Felt
The effoct of the American blacklist on
German goods is seen in neutral coun
tries of Sou i h America, where, according
0 , e report, German firms are finding
almost impossible to resume business.
German prices, which are described as
too high, are declared to have adversely
affected trade, particularly in Colombia,
where most buyers who contracted with
German firms cancelled their orders in
world trade and it thinks the Hamburg
favor of the Americans.
The report regrets destruction of Ger
man business in the Philippines by "for
cible expropriation of German property."
It expects the American government will
pay for this promptly directly to Ger
man owners.
Historic Miles City
Hotel Burns; Loss
Estimated at $10 > 000
Miles City, Dec. 26.—The Miles City
hotel, formerly the Drover house, a two
story frame building, burned to the
ground Sunday afternoon, estimated loss
$10,000. The building was constructed
in the early tSO's and was then the finest
and virtually the oin|y hotel in the town,
its history being interwoven with that of
the Montana Stock Growers association.
. . , .,
The present owner of the building is
J* W. Willis, but it was owned success
j V elv by John Carter, who built it, C. F.
I. caught fire
twice wbiIe Jlr - Kusch was the proprie
tor.
Move Largest Gross Ton
nage in History Since
Being Placed Under
Private Direction, De
clares Chairman of As
sociation of Railway
Executives in Statement
rars and with " the nn(î night, rain
or shine work of hundreds of thousands
Washington, Dec. 26.—Ameri
can railroads are completing a
record year and have no inten
tion of asking for another gen
eral increase in rates, Thomas
DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the
Association of Railway Execu
tives, declared Sunday night in
a statement reviewing the rail
road situation of 1920.
The year just ending, Chairman Cuyler
asserted, saw American railroads placed
again under private operation and under
such direction saw them move a larger
gross tonnage than ever before and also
establish new records in the amount of
transportation gotten out of each car.
These records, Mr. Cuyler added, were
n ot achieved by the railroads alone but
with the aid of shippers in unloading
of employes."
Denies Rate Boost Move.
Mr. Cuyler referred in his review to
reports that the railroads' plan to ask
of the railroads for a genera, increase in
ÏÏÏ''"° " l "' to
rates, nor do I expect any. It is true
b - y J l nrtbf ' r . economies and efficiency.
that the railroad companies are not yet
receiving from the increased rates any
thing like the six percent return needed,
But the railway executives realize that
they are trustees of a great public inter
est m the reduction of railroad operat
ing expenses to the lowest possible fig
ure, and every effort will be made dur
ing the coming year to accomplish this
The achievements of the railroad com
panics since return of their lines to
private operation last March 1 were set
forth by Chairman Cuyler as follows:
Achievements of Roads.
"Increased the movement per freight
car per day 6.3 miles—from 22.3 to 28.6
miles.
"Made substantial reductions in the
number of unserviceable locomotives. j
"Reduced the accumulation of loaded
but unmoved cars from 103,237 on ;
March 1, to 21,991 on December 3, of j
which only 6,386 were detained because j
of the inability of the railroads to move |
them.
"Relocated approximately 180,00(3 box
cars from the east to the west for the
movement of farm products.
Improvement Extened.
"Relocated approximately 180,000
open top cars from the west to the east
to keep up the production of coal.
"Moved the third highest coal pro
duction in the history of the country.
"Spent over $500,000,000 extra on
improving the maintenance of tracks,
bridges, cars and locomotives.
"Contracted to spend about $250,000,
000, largely out of earnings for addi-)
tions and betterments to promote th-e
movement of cars.
"Made arrangements to purchase ap v I
proximately 50,000 new freight cars. J
1.500 new locomotives, and 1,000 new !
passenger cars.
"Began the reconstruction of thou- j
sands of old cars.
Surpassed Freight Record.
"Moved—with a deteriorated plant, j
under disturbed labor and business con- j
ditions—the largest volume of traffic !
ever known in a single year, with the j
highest efficiency yet achieved, and with j
a minimum addition to the value of the ;
property on which the public has to j
pay a return through rates."
"Private ownership and operation of j
the railroads as a measure of sound I
public policy," said Mr. Cuyler in con- j
elusion, "rests largely upon its superior j
efficiency and economy. In my judgment
the American railroad companies during
the present year have fully justified* and
during the coming year will make every
effort to continue to justify, the support
and confidence which public opinion In
gratifying measure has already accorded
them."
"Increased the average load per car
1.7 tons—from 28,3 to 30 tons.
'
Coolidges Enjoy
Holiday; Didn't Have
to Wash the Dishes
Springfield, Mass., Oec. 26—Cal
vin Coolidge, Jr., in r. brief inter
view Sunday afternoon, denied that
he and his brother and Governor
Coolidge donned aprons and washed
dishes after the Christians dinner
at their Northhampton home, lie
said that the "men" o* tlio family
washed no diajjes that day.
Incendiary Wave
Rolls Destruction
Into Pittsburgh, Pa.
Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 26.—A W3ve
of Incendiarism which for the last
several months has been sweeping
over portions of LaFayette, West
moreland, and Washington counties,
made its appearance in Allegheny
oounty Sunday when the school build
ing at Wiiklnsburg, a suburb of Pitts
burg, was burned to the ground.
The fire was discovered by a, mem
ber of the Wilkinsburg police force,
who, according to his report, fired
several shots at a man running from
the building. Firemen stated later
that much of the woodwork bore evi
dences of having been covered with
oil.
STATE STATUTES
A • T C
American Insurance oyn
dicates Handicapped
by Anti-Trust Laws.
Washington, Dec. 26.—Repeal of <»tatt*
anti-trust, laws to legalize the newly
and fisheries and The
Sn ÄTtiSWS
shipping board
The report, which was prepared bv Dr.
S . S. Huebner, insurance expert of the
committee and the board, attacks legis
latlve disabilities imposed by state stat
ut , s on the development of America*
insurance for American ships and rcc-,
ommends a more liberal treatment of
American companies in the matter of
taxation and legal restrictions.
Existing state statutes regulating
marine insurance represents a provincial
treatment of an international business.
the report declares, and adoption of re
medial measures to put American marine
insurance on a par with foreign under
writers is advocated.
of
GERMAN ARMY 100,000.
Berlin, Dee. 2H.—The effectives .
the German army have been reduced to
100,000, in accordance with the Spa
agreement with the allies, it was offi
cially announced Sunday.
CONGRESS LEADERS
AND HARDING TALK
YANKEE PROBLEMS
„ . ^ ^ . .
Marion, Ohio, Dec. 26.—Questions of
foreign relations and an association of
,.
nations will give way to domestic d;s
cussions at the home of President Elect
Harding here this week. Among those
with whom Senator Harding will discuss
domestic problems are a number of sen
ate and house leaders. Days on which
they will be in Marion have not been
announced.
The list includes Senator Porter Me
Cumber, of North Dakota, one of the
ranking members of the senate finance
committee; Representative J. W. Good
of Iowa, chairman of the house ap-*
propriatious committee; Representative
Frank Mondell, of Wyoming, majority
Cork Newspaper Plant
Wrecked; Altitude on
Pastoral Letter Qlamed
Cork, Dec. 26.—Thirty armed and
masked raiders invaded the offices of the
Cork Examiner, Christinas eve, broke
the machinery with hammers, wrecked
parts of the building with explosives and
set fire to the property. Tney escaped
before arrival of police. The fire was
extinguished, but other damage was ex
tensive.
The raiders, who wore civilian cloth
ing, said they were acting under "orders
of the Irish Republic." They forced
their way through the front entrance,
carrying sledge hammers with which
they smashed two large printing
presses. Cutting the telephone wires,
they proceeded to pluce bomba and sticks
IS RESISTED
General Caviglia Gradually Tightens Grip About
Poet's Forces, Which Are Retreating Without
Resistance; Tri est and Udine Conflict on Number
of Casualties; Aviation Ground and Factories
Occupied; Fleet in Harbor Ready for Emergency
Triest, Dec. 26. —(By The Associated Press).—The Italian
regulars have reached the factories on the edge of Fiume and
are closing in gradually on the d'Annunzian strongold. It is ex
pected Fiume will be taken Sunday night or Monday morning.
LITTLE URGENT
TILL M YEAR
Senator Curtis Notifies
Republicans to
Bill Into Committee.
Solid Democratic Line
Up Against Embargo
_ .
V Ote
'
;
I
j
1
ri ÖT vn-\r»T-aH/» ï inp- -
Lyemocrauc L-,ine ,
T t TT T C I
in Upper liouse Is oeen. ;
; several hearings and other ,
Washington, Dec. 26.—Congress will I
reassemble Monday after a brief j
Christmas week end, but the holiday !
spirit promises to prevail, little impor- j
tant business being planned until the !
1 !
affairs will go over.
The opening clash in the senate on j
! lne l "T h
| ^
; , he Blocked bv the democrats last
thl rennbli^ns nlan fo^ MondaT
! 'measure to
the fi najne e committees. Notices com
i paging Christmas greeting to all repub
)j can senators from Senator Curtis of
Kansas, republican whip, urging a solid
Republican phalanx Monday to vote the
tariff measure into committee. Senator j
Harrison, of Mississippi, and other Dem- ]
ocrats opposing the Dill plan to use ev- j
; ery parliamentary tactic in their power j
in a play for time. They do not hope
to prevent ultimate committee reference, !
Prospects are that there will be aj
: much more solid Democratic lineup j
j against tariff legislation in the senate j
j than in thp house and Republican lead- I
ers, accordingly, plan to forego formal j
(Continued on P»fe Two)
'
, , . . T> . .. r> »
leader m the house; Representative Pat
I ' c ' î
seutative Daniel R. Anthony, of Kan
sas me mber of the house military com
mittee.
Cabinet selections are also expected
to be discussed at a proposed conference
with Will II. Hays, chairman of the
Republican national committee.
Governor Elect Harry L. Davis, of
Ohio, also is on the list for a confer
ence which is expected to deal w!tb
Senator Harding's resignation from the
senate and the appointment of his suc
cessor by the incoming governor. It in
expected that Senator Elect Frank B
Willis -will be named to finish out Sen
ator Harding's unexpired term.
0 f gelante under tho machinery, some
()f w hicli was blown to pieces.
It is believed the attack was caused
by the attitude of the Examiner on the
recent pastoral letter issued bv the
bishop of Cork.
FOUR YULE CASUALTIES^.
Dublin, Dec. 26.—Two civilians and
one soldier were slightly wounded here
in disturbances Christmas.
Two men who fired on the
forces Sunday at 'IValee were shot dead
by the military when they tried to es
crown
cape. They had revolvers and "dum
dum" bullets in their possession.
General Caviglia Friday ordered the
occupation of advanced positions around
Fiume in consequence of recent inci
dents and the threatening attitude taken
by D'Annunzio's legionaires
Resist Advance; Five Die.
The po et's soldiers resisted the ad
vance of the troops, who lost five men
killed and 30 wounded.
Undine, Italy, Dec- 24.—General Cav
iglia's regular troops advanced two kil
ometers Sunday morning without firing
a shot in a combined land and naval
movement to close in on Gabriele
D'Annunzio, the insurgent leader in
Fiume, whose men retired. The Fiume
triangle now is cut off and the poet 's
aviation field has been captured.
"Strangulation" is Plan.
The plan of General Caviglia is grad
nally to tighten his grip on Fiume until
D'Annunzio is reduced to helplessness.
Caviglia's men advanced from the north,
cutting off the top of the triangle of
which Fiume is formed, and* occupied
Orobnico. Santa Groce and San Mattia.
The D'Annunzio troops evacuated the
points without offering the slightest re
sistance.
At points from the shore northward
D'Annunzio line gave way and the
regulars advanced half a kilometer. It
—«_ - — t». movement from
was a simultaneous
three side*.
Fleet Keeps Guard.
say
.
^ the troops advanced on the
hiHy ground overlooking tne sea, the
Italian fleet kept silent guard m Fiume
£ a . r - The powerful squadron consists of
Jf «-"WS®
.... ,
"C gives the word.
TAX LAW REVISION
HI FOR DROP OF
Repeal ExCPSS Profits, C Ut Sur»
tax; Levy Business On
Preceding Year.
I
j
New York, Dec. 26.—Reeommenda
' tions for a radical revision of the federal
tai laws, calling for a curtailment of
! more than one billion dollars a year,
were made public Sunday by the tax
committee of the national industrial con
ference board
The report, expressing the opinion of
only the committemen themselves, will
be submitted as a basis for discussion of
the third national industrial tax confer
ence which will convene here January
21-22.
The report of the committee presents
the following recommendations, which
would reduce federal revenue:
Abolish Excess Profits.
i Repeal of the excess profit tax, which
j wou!( j d; m j n j s h the federal taxes to the
i extent of $900.000.000 a year
Redaction of surtax rates, which would
entail a loss of $200,000,000 annually.
A provision that business losses for
any year should be deductible from the
income derived during the succeeding
year or the preceding year, if the in
come of the succeeding year is insuffic
ient, which would curtail taxes $50,000,
000 yearly.
Sale Tax Opposed.
The committee opposed a sale or turn
over tax in the recommendations for re
medial changes. These changes, the re
port stated, would have but little effect
on the gross revenue derived from tax
ation. The committee declared in its
report that the proposal for au excise
tax on the privilege of holding laud and
natural resources is unsound.
"Sincere and vigorous retrenchment in
public expenditures must stand behind
any tax system aimed to work perma
nent public improvement," the report
said.
Co-operation Urged.
The report calls on the business men
to act together to remedy a situation
that the committee believes to be work
ing private injustice and public harm.
"Business agreement will accomplish a
public benefit," the report states, "but
business disagreements on this important
; subject will merely intensify and multiply
the injurious factors of a bad situation.
Chicago Show Houses
Cut Ticket Prices
to Pre-War Level
Chicago, Dec. 26.—Theater ticket
prices in Chicago will bo reduced fifty
cents a ticket it was announced Sunday
night by Harry J. Powers, manager of
four downtown houses. He said other
managers would soon reduce their prices
to the prewar basis.

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