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GREAT FALLS DAILY TRIBUNE
IV. M, Bole, Editor O. S. Warden, Manager Leonard C■ Diehl, Business Manager EDITORIAL PACE THE SOLDIER BONUS BILL, T HE Republican majority in the senate is now struggling with the passed by the house^of representatives just before election They don'! know what to do about it They fear that they will be damned if^hey do and damned if be damned they they don't, and we fear they are quite right about it. The service men have a right to expect that the senate will promptly pass the bill because they were promised by the Republican leaders that they would do so at this session when they adjourned just be fore election without taking action on it. If they do not redeem these promises the service men can rightly charge that they are the victims of a confidence game played by the Re publican leaders. If they do pass th<. bill they will have to greatly increase our present tax burdens. Just now the senate committee in charge of the bill are giving hearings to elicit public sentiment on the mat-1 ter we supposé. They called Mr. Houston before them and asked him some searching questions. In reply to these he stated that his guess as to the cost of the bill would be $2,300,000,000, and that it was only a guess because the bill provided four options, of which the cheapest was the cash bonus, and the dearest was the insurance option. If all the men entitled to exercise their option chose insurance it would cost the government four and a half billion dollars he said. Asked how the mon ey could be ôbtained to carry out the terms of the bill passed by the house Republicans before election he said bluntly that he did not taow. From these remarks it is not difficult to infer that the Secretary of the Treas , , ., ury is opposed to the passage 01 the soldiers bonus bill. He is. Mr. F. W. Galbraith, national com mander of the American Legion, who is now in Washington urging the passage of the soldiers bonus bill takes exception to the estimate of the Secretary of the treasury as to the cost of the bill and says that in his opinion it will^ not cost the tax payers more than $1,800,000,000. He denies that it will cripple the coun try to pay this sum. In this whole discussion what sur prises us most is that very little note is taken of the fact that we are al ready pledged to pay out vast sums^t to the service men of the country through the operation of the insur ance system which we adopted in lien of the pension system. It is estimât ed that in the next fiscal year we will have to pay them the sum of $309, 985,000, and it will continue growing larger for many years. We are also paying out more than a quarter of billion dollars in pensions, though cnly a tiny fraction of this is for world war pensions. The Springfield Republican in com menting 011 the payments of the coun try to war veterans remarks that "the bill scarcely touches the world war, on account of which only $36,-j 734 is appropriated. V/orld war vet erans as a mass are now provided for the war risk insurance bureau by which is expected to distribute $309, 985,000 in the next fiscal year.- The total amount to be distributed for the coming year, therefore, will be over $575,000,000. This sum of over half a billion dollars must be paid to former soldiers or their dependents regardless of the fate of the proposed bonuses for thé service men in the recent war. It will be an annual charge on the treasury in greater or less measure for many years to comé, after the bonus issue has been dis posed of, for, in the coming fiscal year, $21,145 will be paid in pensions on account of the war of 1812-1814, which ended over a century ago. To Civil war veterans, the treasury will pay $251,612,192 on account of a war ended 55 years ago. Whether this annual charge will continue to be paid in the form of pensions, or inj the form of war insurance benefits is immaterial. So large a proportion of the service men of 1917-1919 have let their war insurance lapse, with no apparent intention of being reinstat ed in the near future, that sfti early resort to the older pension system, by favor of congress, is to be antici pated. This is to be regretted be cause politicians seeking popularity will be given an opportunity to pro mote special pension legislation al most endlessly. Since 1790 the gov ernment has appropriated for pen sions nearly $6,000,000,000. By the year 2000 it will probably have ap propriated for this purpose at least $30,000,000,000, unless the old waste ful methods of disposing of claims are meanwhile abandoned. Secretary McAdoo had an excellent idea when he established the war risk insurance system, and it is a pity tha\ its sue cess has not been more complete." Judging from past experience it will not be many years before the pension bill will be swelled by*many ■W ~ additions of veterans of the worlds war who have let their insurance pol icies lapse, but what we wish to es peciaily emphasize is the fact that the republic has not been ungrateful to its defenders in the recent war and is already paying out vast sums in their behalf outside of this bonus bill and will probably pay out still fiums in thc future through other legislative provisions made for their benefit whether the bonus bill is passed or not. j > THE PILGRIM FATHERS. .-pjfE eastern newspapers coming to ! £ Montana these days have a great ^ ea j tQ gay a jj OUt t j, e Pilgrim Fathers j anc j t j, c i r v j ews Q f public and private j morals That i s qu ite natural be ; cause they have j ust been ce i e brating j anniversary of their landing at . piyn ^ outh Rock j n i62 0. Henry' Cabot Lodge was the orator of the ; day> ag wag Daniel Webster a hun-; | dred ycarg agQ Wç gather from L 0( jg e - S a dd ress that it was a very e i 0 q Uent oration and that he had a ; ^jgh opinion of the virtues of his Pilgrim ancestors. We are remind ed of the witty remark of the late Joseph H. C floate to tne ettect tnat , . . , „ . . , , , the virtues of the Puritan fathers had been quite sufficiently extolled by their descendants, but the virtues of the Puritan mothers needed more ap preciation, for they "had to endure all that the Pilgrim Fathers suffered, and had to endure the Pilgrim Fath ers too." They were not a very happy crowd we should judge by all that we have | read a b out them, and in some re- j gpgçts fell considerably below our | mo dern ideals, but they lived a long t irne ago, and we would speak kindly ! f th dead Senator Lodge and j ! ot }, ers w ho spoke of them at the Cen t^nnarv celebration followed this But nearly every one who discuss p* th* Pnrif-an is mnvcrf to es tne Funtan l atners is moved to say what they think about them and their stern and harsh theories of life . ! Itennary g00(J rulc _ an d religion, and the duty of the state the citizen. It might be more in teres ting to inquire what they would | the I think of us and our ideas of personal ethks and thg duty of the citizcn tQ _ war( j the state and the state toward the citizen. We have an idea that they would be terribly shocked at what they saw in the republic they founded if they could come back to d a y. N 0 doubt they would highly approve of the campaign of Lords Day committee to take the sun out of Sunday though they would balk at the word Sunday for Sabbath as being a heathen word not properly applicable to the Lords Day. They would be in danger of apoplexy over the female costumes of the present day and the dancing would be terri bly shocking to them. They would find the world headed toward hell and destruction in most respects no doubt. Just what their reaction would be toward the Volstead Prohibition act and the Eighteenth amendment we are not sure. They were consti tutionally inclined to take tne joy out of life on every possible occasion, but then they liked their booze prêt ty well also, and we have it on record that they even remitted the taxes on his personal imports of rum and dis tilled liquors from the old country: to one of their clergymen as a sort of a reward of merit for his piety and sound doctrine. Agnes Repplier in an article in Yale Review touches lightly on some of the characteristics of the Pilgrim Fathers, and their dour views of life and conduct when she says: "In our day it is generously con ceded that the Puritans made ad . mirable ancestors. We pay them this handsome compliment in after-dinner speeches at all commemorative meet ings, Just what they would have thought of their descendants is an un profitable speculation. Three hun dred years divide us from those stern enthusiasts who, coveting lofty pay for them. "'It is not with us as with men i whom small matters can discourage, i or ^mall discontentments cause to j wish themselves at home again,' 1 wrote William Brewster, when one j half of the Mayflower Pilgrims had died in the first terrible year, and no r , . , . ■ , , things, found no price too high to gleam of hope shone on the surviv ors. To perish of hunger and cold is not what we should now cgll a 'small discontentment.' The most of us it would seem a good and sufficient reason for abandoning any enterprise whatsoever. Perhaps if we would fix ! out attention upon a single detail— ! the fact that for four years the Ply I mouth colonists did not own a cow | —we should better understand what ! life was like in that harsh wilderness, j where children who could no» get along without milk had but one other alternative—to die. "Men as strong as were the Puri tan pioneers ask for no apologies at our hands. Their conduct was shaped by principles and convictions which would be insupportable to us, but which are none the îess worthy of regard. Matthew Arnold summed up our modern disparagement of their standards when he pictured Virgil and Shakespeare crossing on the Mayflower, and finding the Pilgrim fathers "intolerable company." I am not sure this would have been the cas ®- er ir £' " or That could have surv.ved Plymouth. That mu c h « plain. But three ™ onth ® on the Mayflower might not have been intolerable as Mr Arnold fancied. The Roman and the Elizabethan were strong-stomached observers of hu manity. They knew a man when they saw one ,and they measured his qual ities largely. T3he SPIRIT o/AMERICA DAILY EDITORIAL DIGEST stop the Exclusively for The Tribune by the Consolidated Press Association Today's Subject: A NAVAL HOLIDAY Senator Borah's attempt to naval race, in which Sec wittTap'provafby most of the' American iecretary Daniels to win,' has met ui-uvai "j m«.-,, of the American press. Exceptions can be found amemg those who believe in the Daniels theory of „ big , leaglie or big navy." Among the latter is the Boston Post (Ind. Dem.) ^'^^tho United States aloof from of the parison. Many a !,0 " lp . ( staying on the 'outsUle of the interna tional confederation in company with T1 ^''^ p y^™p"Jco rd (Ind. Dem.) the whole question which, it de J he republican congress must settle, is whether we shall succeed t»er many as the menace to the world's peace, whether wp slifill join other notions in reducing armaments and preventing war." The Mobile Register (Dem.) ob the rest of the great nations earth, it will be necessary to arm to the teeth and keep the greatest navy on the seven seas in order to reckon against any combination against her. And this, men and women who pay the taxes, will be costly: so costly, that present burdens will appear almost'insignificant in eom must be wrung jects to the Borah plan because it de blares that he is demanding of Great Britajn arf j j npan that they come to a private agreement with America, thus violating their obligation to act with . and for all the nations of the League. ; ; nations to disarm, if the three continues, "and not the others, would armed na- j tions would become masters of them at ! will." Th's argument, however, is answered 1 by the Baltimore News (Bid.). It says:; "The related naval policies of Eng land. .lapon and America have as little I to do with thc interdependent military 1 policies of Rumania and Bulgaria as the ; latter have to do with the Costa Rica Honduras programs; nor would removal i of difficulties in the one group simplify those of the other. It would be, ridie ulous for the great naval powers to say ; they must keep on building 1^1 til Ru- j mania and Bulgaria curtail their mili- j tfiry establishments, or vice versa ! Senator Borah has the rights of the ' matter." While the Columbia (S. C. > State : (Dem.t believes ihe goal should be gen- ; era! disarmament. nevertheless. ''if . Great Britain and Japan offer to have this 'naval holiday' that Secretary Dan iels laughs at. it. would be very difficult for us to find a satisfactory excuse for refusing to join the festivities." Another ; paper with league leanings, the Brook lyn Eagle /Ind. Dem.) finds no virtue in the secretary's remarks concerning the "suspicion" which, he asserts, would be aroused in other nations if the "big j three" naval powers should agree upo>n i a policy to stop building ships : , .. Sonat( „.- s resolution cniiing f or j lls t flic ort of agreement that Mr. Daniels denounces is nothing to which ' : hi"yellS, ! for a huge navy." The Evansviile (lud.) Courier (TVm.'H th inks the senator's çlan " a real indi- j cation that the leaders in congress want disarmament, the first step toward i jjastniK peace." »nd the^Philadelphia Pub-1 ; X^oT e^n'V fîvë'yej j accepted by Europe th< i would have "live million? that if the holiday were ! United States i n her pocket" | if nothing else. It adds: "America i j should promptly call the bluff of the Old j World on this disarmament question. She j should propose a holiday and see who i dare go on working." j Since America is the country "with ! the greatest means" and therefore the I one which could outbuild the others, the .Omaha Bee (Rep.) suggests that an of-1 : f(>r of a -holiday" would come with the "greatest force" from us. And since "help is not forthcoming from the League of Nations, those countries with the greatest fleets ought to recognize the world desire for an end of this burden and get together." tude is taken by th which carries the logic still further and implies that America could force the ; issue, for "the biggest navy is potcn j tially ours. Europe realizes that this Much the same atti Boston Globe find.) and with their support and the - - it is so and our spokesmen are in a posi tion to urge disarmament in tones in which it was never urged before." To those who favored the League ot Nations, the Springfield Republican (Ind.1 believes the Borah plan should appeal, for ''it is a step in the -ight direction support of the irreconcilables" this winter could be made "notable" in "the progress of world pacification." Th? New York Times (Ind. Dem.) while believes that "so long as America is outside the League and the League is still in its infancy we must defend out selves," adds that "Borah's resolution deserves the most serious consideration" and "it will certainly save money and it may oa»i «« ^wu mui v, muu I nut. The important thing in the wnov» question in the opinion of the Kansas City Times (Ind.) is to secure an agree save a <*ood deal more than that." h . ment with Great Britain. To this the Chicago Tribune (Ind. Rep. I agrees and adds that if this can be accomplished "Japan can be induced to enter it." The proposition in discussing the ques tion at least "appears reasonable" to the Utiea Observer (Dem.) which pre dicts passage of the Borah resolution, but the Philadelphia Bulletin (Ind. Hep.) is more restrained. "The need of an adequate navy is recognized in the American mind bryond challenge. It must also be conceded that the The Haskin Letter By f REDERIC HAHKIS SELF-DETERMINATION FOR WOMEN. Washington, I). C., Deo. 2*. The old theory that husband and wife arc one person—and that one person is the man -«-is soon to be brought up to congress for scrutiny and revision. The American woman has the vote, barring an unexpected unfavorable de cision of the supreme court, and she is now tc&ming her guns on other discrim inations against her sex. In this case the desired change is that an American woman who marries an alien shall re main an American citizen, instead of suddenly being transformed into a Swede, Italian, or Turk, or whatever else her husband may be. For years, it was an accepted fact that a wife should go where her husband went, have no interests of any impor tance except his interests, automatically renounce her citizenship for his, and In like laws - — — - . courts have enforced it. It apparently worked smoothly enough so long as the great majority of women stuck to fancy work, poodles, and pies. Occasionally, a woman married to a foreigner appealed to a state court fur the riïht to regain her status as an American. Sometimes the courts de cided in her favor, but generally against her. Finally, in 1907, congress ended the uncertainty in this particular matter by a federal law. The naturalization laws already provided that an American man marrying a Mexican girl thereby conferred on her the full American ?it zenship. The new law added to this de came a subject of hiseountry cree that an American woman marrying a Mexican, or any other foreigner be came a subject of his country. This act of 190<wasi m ®. cc0 ^ a "^ e t w,t law and most of the state courts, congress doubtless thought that the con congre troversy was settled forever. ~ f , „u„ _ 0 _ • foreigner as before, so long as sne re 1 |tains-her residence in this country. 1 lie ; j ! 1 I 1 ; i ; j j ! ' : ; . ; j i But even then, women were beginning to demand a place in business life, and the limitations set by the law were im pressed forcibly upon them. It was no use bringing up individual cases in court, for the act was unmistakably clear. Women affected by th c law of 1907 have protested in increasing numbers ever since it was written, but nobody paid much attention, even during the war, when a number of American girls lost their property and their homes and were in general treated as enemy aliens. But (now, with the power of the vote back of them, women's organizations have begun to work for a new law. "Both the big political parties prom ised independent citizenship in their plat forms," savs one of the women politi- j cians. "Heretofore, platform promises haven't meant much. We want proof that things are different now." Two Bills Offered. Two bills have been drafted, one by Representative Rogers of Massachusetts, which leaves the citizenship of an Amer ican woman (he same after marriage to a ' ! j bill also makes it necessary for the alien ' woman marrying an American man to j take out naturalization papers if she is! to become a citizen of this country. By ; the present naturalization law it Is im- ; possible for a married woman to take j out naturalization papers. Her citizen-| ship is automatically decided, except in ■ a few instances when congress has ' passed special bills restoring American Anthony. Representative Anthony's bill would allow American women now j married to aliens in the I nited State? born women to citizenship at their re quest for some particular reason. The other Dill before congress was in-j troduced by Representative Anthony of). Kansas.^ a nephew °f the famous Susan : to regain their citizenship by legal pro cedure. For 'he future, the bill provides independent citizenship for women. A number of women's organizations are backing these bills. The Daughters of the American Revolution recently passed a resolution favoriug the passage of fine of them. The National Woman's Party is also interested in the proposed reform. T'ntil its convention in February, however, the party cannot take up any new activi ties." Its reason for existence was to work for the suffrage amendment, and it will be for the convention to decide whether tlie party is to be dissolved, or for what aims it will exist in the future. ' The National League for Women Voters, another body widely organized for rs citizenship bill f£ Upve thut congreM wiU do \ oters. another hotly wiaeiv organize.! tor women's assistance in political matters. has taken up the cudgel for independent! '«»'»»» ssrs äsk sponsoring six women, and the Rod is one of the six. The league does not know ret to these bills. ! i | i 1 j little besides settle appropriations and routine matters at the. present session. But remembering how long it took to get the suffrage amendment through the women are uot discouraged. They have a more Jforceful argument in the vote than they ever had in tears, smiles, or simple appeals to the congressional sense of fair play. A new eitizzenshiw law will <,ome. They know that. What they are trying to do is to hasten the last days of the old discriminations which work hardship and sometimes suffering on American-born women. International Marriages. when con-! There is ......... , The existing discrimination so far ns itizenship is concerned, affects only concerned, affects married women, but there have been a j great many of these. No one seems to ! know exactly how many American girls marry foreigners. It has been estimated that, since the war 20,000 alien women have become Americans by marrying American men. There is, no doubt, a similar number of American women who have lost their citizenship in the same period, many of them unwillingly. Inez Milholland Boissevain. the well known suffragist, was one of a number of women refused permission to practice law in New York because her husband | wfl s a Hollander, and therefore she was also. The restriction here is not pe culiar to New York. Aliens are admitted to the bar in few. if any, of the states, This means that if an American girl, ed | •" c ~ , , , . . . ; when the rivalry is reduced to tillee ! contenders, each of whom confesses that policy in the future must be of two ocean dimensions." However, the Bul letin admits that "it does not. follow that the competition in naval construction is ! to go on forever without limit especially 1 At. — îr. trt fnt'üO the game is getting beyond its national resources." The Buffalo Commercial (Ind.) thinks that the "nations are back at tlie^old stand" jealously watching each other and since President Elect Harding declares our navy must be the equal of any in the world, we must "see what the other nations are proposing." The Washing ton Post (Ind.) believes that the Euro pean countries "do not, intend to disarm that being the case it would be an absurdity for the United States to ■*** qjiuuuueut jMWfram, ucated to be a lawyer, marries a Canad ian or any other alien, she cannot follow her profession so long as she remains in this country. The same prohibition ap plies in many states to school teaching, ant] in some places the alien may not hold property. This obviously works a hardship upon the married woman whose husband hap pens to be a foreigner who has not taken out papers. Perhaps he is in this coun try on business, or again he may expect to remain over here some years in a university. Whatever his status, the women who advocate the Hogers and An thony bills claim that discrimination against his wife is unfair. "We deny the American bor,n woman the right to hold a government job or to vote if her husband is a fçreigner, but if a girl from Europe or South America comes to this country and marries an American, or even whether she r nounces allegiance to her native land." Women of other countries are not less interested in the citizenship question tha,n the women over here. Canada and Australia are the only two countries at present where women's citizenship is not altered by an international marriage. In England and other European countries there has bem dissatisfaction felt and expressed. At the recent convention held by the executive board of the na tional council of women in Norway, rep resentatives from a number of countries declared their intention of working for a change in the citizenship laws of their countries • 1 ; j pungent paragraphs The Cream or Ihe Nation's Humor Selected for The Tribune. Mr. De Valîra may be crossing the ocean on the "Flying Dutchman. Pittsburg Disp atch. j TT- x. i il j. e a fmn. ' We bet that if we did get'news from . Mars, it wouldI oe that Mars .s having a | crime wave.—St. Louis Globe-Demociat. : Chicago municipal authorities are in vestigating restaurant soup to ascertain if there is anything besides profit in it. —Sioux City Journal. It is surprising news to hear that a telegraph messenger boy has been killed, Most people thought that they were in dustmctible.—Greensboro (N- C.) News, About the meanest, man that can be found nowadays is the one who will steal his girl's" last package of cigarets. —Toledo Blade. Apparently the London government and Sinn Fein are trying to bury the hatchet—in each other.—Norfolk \ îrgin ian-1'ilot, ' j the time an immigrant gets accus tome( j t0 tj ie climate, he begins to worry ; n b 0 ut the hordes of aliens coming in.—j ; Baltimore Sun. j * "The Wild Western Bandit Has D !,l u ■ q u j •> sa y s a headline. And a million ' m ov'ie fans will rise up and testify that ^ fhpT him do i t —with his boots on.— j Savannah News. counter.—Dallas News. Austria has' been elected to a position of). T 0 f Nations, when what : gh( , „anted was a place at the ïùneh he Mistletoe was# glorious thin day that it imparted the hint that a^girt , — arvhoiH wouldn't mind-being Bissed but everybody seems to know that now— Housto n I ost. Masons and O. E. S. of Fort Benton Hold Joint Installation Special to The Daily Tribune. Fort Benton, Dec. 29.—Installation of officers for the Masonic Lodge aud Eastern Star Monday evening was the occasion of a pleasant evening and a bau quet. largely attended by local membeis and several from out of town. Ivit Wil son, retiring worshipful master, was presented with a silver table and i . •- •••• •• the -eHiing I Miss Margaret 1 atterson, t ie t worthy m fttron - ]'■ " are: James \ ig. worshipful mastei, S Towner, jinfior warden; Jos. Blanken baker, treasurer; EL. Crane, seere'ary. ' Jn* the Eastern Star, Mrs. Merritie<d ' is worthy matron. Mrs. Leonard Morrow, associate matron. Mrs. B. II. Kreis con ductress, Mrs. Wilson associate con ductress .Mrs. W. H. Loutber treasurer Mrs E L Crane secretary. Mrs. .Tame« Vig warder, Mrs. W. S. Towner, organ ist, Joseph Gray worthy patron. Aged Harlem Resident Dies in Great Falls Special to The Daily Tribune. Harlem. Dec. 29 fit. father of Mrs. Arnold Und», had been a resident of Harlem the past . five vcars, died at. the Deaconess hospi 'V.- , ' t Fa]ls last Wednesday. lie , (aklM1 u , Falls about a month ! ago and Mrs. I'udi lias been at his I bedside almost constantly Louis LaCourslereJ who Besides a brothel' and aged father; who live in Red Lake 1' all, Minn., he ■ three daughters Mrs. Arnold ,. .. f o rvÀh* T W Rose of Lndi. of this city. Mis..!. nose, m i 'n.ii of 'his citv Mrs. J. W. Rose, of Great Falls and '.Mrs. Mike Petersback of Billines and h son Louis L. f of * JMumK*. «nu * Tacoma. Sam W. Gebo Visits Montana on Business Special to The Daily Tribune. Lewistown, Dec. 29.—Sam W. Gebo. once one of the biggest figures in coal mining and electric power development in the state and for ten years past an operator in Guatemala is in Lewistown on business. Ten years ago Mr. Gebo formed the Lewistown Power, Light & Heat, company and was granted an elec tric light franchise, later selling out jj e owne d and operated the Spring Creek » • /1..U . t., «AtHMt coal mine. Mr. Gebo expects to return to Central America soon. Says It First and Says It Last. Carrie G. Ilarrell, 319 Nicholson St., Norfolk, Va., writes "I'll tell anybody that Foley's Honey and Tar is all right It did me all the good. I said it first and I'll say it last." Thousands of bot tles of this reliable remedy were bought last week by careful mothers so as to be prepared to check coughs, colds and croup at the beginning. It acts almost instantly, cuts phlegm, soothes raw, irri tated membranes, stops tiding in throat. Great Falls Drug Co.-—Adv. 11BBL. OIL WELL F Esei Alberta Block Coal Company Hits Liquid Gold at 1250 Feet. Special to The Daily Tribune. Roundup, Dec. 29.—The Alberta Block Coal company struck a 100 barrel oil well Tuesday night in section town ship 11, range 24, three quarters of a mile south of the Van Duzen dis« overy well in the Devil's basin. The driller: struck the Van Duzen sand at 120> t'e(*t and drilled five feet into the «and. The oil is rising rapidly in ihe casing and is expected to be over the to;» by night. The baler .raised five times, as rapidlv as possible, failed to lower the oil in "the hole. "A seven inch casing is set on the cap above the sand. It is believed that the 100 barrel estimate will prove less than actual production. The location of the well proves several hundred acres additional land and con firms the Van Duzen claims that their well from the first sand was' over 50 barrels, and is the most important de j The new well is located in the n °rt j west quarter of the northwest quarter, | There is much excitement in the city i ar) d dozens of cars have left for the j field. It is expected that many wells will b e started at once now that field is definitely proven a consistent pro ducer. velopment in the Roundup field since the discovery well last November, as it proves the sand does not th>'n out but maintains production for a distance of two miles along the axis. Activity in Oil Game Expected in Garfield County in Early Spring j SpPcia i to The Daily Tribune. ' Lewistown, Dec. 20.—It is evident . , haf ther( , is inK t0 be very great ac . | jn wf , gtern Garfield county in the : sprjn ^ fipld adjoining the Cat Creek-Mosby area on the east. The field area hunt for leases is now going on and some of thc biggest companies are tak ing a hand in this game. One prospec tive field appears to be, judging from : demand for acreage, from Mosby ; on north and a little eastward, includ j j DK the whole section known as the Sand j Springs country. The other is to the east, running on into Musselshell coun I ty. 1 > j j j Knights of Pythias of Belt Hold Annual Election of Officers Special to The Daily Tribune. Belt. Dec. 2ft.—Cascade lodge, \o. 3ft. Knights of Pythias, held its annual election of officers at the regular meet ing of the lodge last Monday evening. the following being chosen: " Jobn Sprengeier. ('. C.; William Hub her V (-.• Bee Turner. P.; William Snooks, Jr. M. of IT; J. A. Kierstead, M. of A.; Ernest Siegüng, Q. G.: Nahumland T. Wilson, Jr., O. G.; A. L. Winston,! k . of r. & s.; thos. nobie, m. of f .. C. T. Rice, M. of E. ; Dr. J. W. Gray heal Physician. The installation of officers will take . ... j ^ f a **.1 anuary?possibly "next ' Monday j evening. Early Day Western f f. . j , Ljf e F eatured in ; ; r--. . j • î ; r" iremen s V^arnivai ; î j Special to The Daily Tribune. i Belt. Dec. 2ft.—Plans are going for ward for the locnl volunteer firemens' j wild west carnival which will be staged i Dec. 81 and Jan 1, and will run con tinuous from the time the doors are opened until the close New Year's night I All the features of early day western life will be carried out. during the two 1 days of entertainment. All the old time 1 characters reminescent of pioneer life from chink cook to the knights of tho green cloth. The firemen promise all who attendthat they will be royally en tertained. The affair will wind up with a dance, which will be held in K. of I'. ball. ; j . j Musselshell County Reports No Cattle Losses in Cold Snap Roundup. Dec. 2ft.-—Following a cold snap when two days recorded 2S and 14 below respectively, a chinook wind has removed nearly all traces of snow and ice, and the temperature hovered around! 60 degrees above zero. Owing to the fact that there is much grass on the range and no long cold spells have been had so far. stockmen have suffered little or no losses so far.. Winter wheat, believed to be standing the cold well, : ns the ground was well protected when the cold weather came. SovhDapfSeahasl JURY TRIALS DEFERRED UNTIL JANUARY I I. Special to The Daily Tribune. Lewistown. Dec. 29.—Judge Roy Ayres has decided to defer the return j _ , , j .. - . of the jury and the resumption of jur.. trials until Jan. 11. Meantime he will. i ^ t|jc fjrRt of , hp vear join udolf von Tobel in making rrangement of the whole calen i trials until .ian j soon after the juuge a ro-arrangemr dar. * PLENTYWOOD COUPLE WED AT MILES CITY Miles City. Dec. 29.—Alvin Clay and Miss Sadie Hammer, both formerly of Plentywood. were married here by Judge j W. P. Welsh. Mr. and Mrs. flay will make their home in southeastern Montana near the Wyoming line, where the groom is engaged in farming. Kaffirs have only lately substituted bits of European apparel, for their for mer costumes which were made entirely of skins. Nyals' Face Cream LAPEYRE BROS. DRUG STORE Füll OF mil j Radio-Active Water Said to Cure j Rheumatism, Put Color in Hair and Renew Life. S[>." isil to The Daily Tribune. Billings, Dec. 29.—The difference be tvveen l'once de Leon and E. D. Bonnier of Philadelphia is that Mr. Lorimer claims he has discovered the fountain youth. In Billings o,'j a visit* he said hist iii-rhi it consisted of radium deposits near Busk, Wyo. I'lants: at Denver, Chicago and Phila delphia. said Mr. Borimer, are now re ducing about five tons of the_ urana phrane,ore daily, «xtracting GO milli grams of radium worth $120 per milli gram, with a by-product of radio-actlva water#claimed to cure rheumatism, turn gray hair black, and perform such other rejuvenating miracles as the_ relief arterio sclerosis and excessive blood pressure. Nearly 200 physicians are now using the radium and the water. Mr. Borimer said, ' and four sanitariums are being equipped for baths. Mr. Lorimer waa j connected with the first radium produc , concern after the discovery of the j mineral by the Curries. He became in j terested in the Busk deposit two years | Quartz Mining Leads in Hazardous Work, State Records Show Helena. Dec. 2ft.—Quartz mining is the most dangerous occupation in Mon tana according to records compiled by R. S. McAllister, accountant for the state accident board. IBs figures show that 820 men were killed in all industries in this state since the state accident board was created, July 1, 3013. The industries which took the greater toll are: Quartz mining, 516; coal min ing. 83; smelters, 65: lumbering, 40; electric power, 28; railroad construction, 12. and cement manufacturing, seven. Other cases which have been handled by the board since is was created and u pto November 80, 1920, are: Permanent partial disability 778; per manent total disabilifv 22; temporary total disability 31,702. \ j Curfew Ordinance to Be Enforced in Malta After Jan. 1 Special to The Daily Tribune. Malta, Dec. 2ft.—Beginning January 1. 1021. this city will enforce the cer j fpw ordinance which prevents minor i children from being on or loitering about i the streets and public places after 8 p. j m. without proper permission _ or prop ' er attendance. The cerfew whistle will ! be sounded at 8 o'clock and any children j under sixteen years of age not accom > panied by their parents or other guard i 'ans, found on the streets after this hour will be guilty of a misdemeanor placed in the county jail. Xhree Fires in Day Is Record in Roundup Special jto T£e Daily Tribune. t> j TUa " Roundup. Dec. 2ft.—Three fires in one day was the record for Roundup Mon day and kept the fire department on the go for the greater part of the day. The , first one in the Rex cafe, at 5:30 in \ the morning was caused by an attempt to light thé fire in the range with coal oil. The explosion which followed wrecked the interior of the restaurant causing | considerable dammage. The second was a house on First | street, which was a minor affair. ! The third at. 6:S0 in the evening just ; after the firemen had finished their run from the second, was in the George McCleary home and caused by nn orer heated furnace. The basement, was bad ly burned causing much damage through- * ! out the entire house, and was extinguish ed with much difficulty after two hours ; work by the department. Bursting hose ! delayed the firemen somewhat in the j last. fire. , Lindsay an Aspirant Helena Postoffice Helena. Dec. 29.— F. S. P. Lindsay is the first to be in the field as an ns pirant for the job of postmaster in Hel ; ena. for appointment after the new na ; tional administration has been inaugur-" j ated in March, 1921. : Petitions in Mr. Lindsay's behalf were < placed in circulation yesterday. i T How He Ended Kidney Trouole. j "j had a severe attack of kidney trou j i,]e and for three weeks could not get I out of doors and scarcely out of bed." * \ writes C. E. Brewer, Village Springs, : ; \i n "Could not bend over at all with out the most excruciating pains. I pur chased a bottle of Foley Kidney Pills. Was relieved after first few doses and continued their use until completely ; cured. 1 consider Foley Kidney Pills ihe ! bt st kidney remedy in the world. No î recurrence of ,ny trouble." Great Falls I Drug Co.—Adv. American Bank & Trust Co. of Great Falls OFFICERS: R. p. Reckards Pre«!4«nt ; \V. K. Flowerree Vice-President » H." O. Lescher Vice President i p O. Nelson Cashta» I p' a Fisher .Assistant Cashier DIRECTORS: \V. W. Halght Krank W. Mitchell J. ,T. Flaherty L. 13. Foster Robert Cameron F. O. Nelson R. P. Reckards H G. Lescher C. E. HeUey Albert J. FouSek C. B. Roberts Alfred Maîraberg Clyde WlUox Charles Horning W. K. Flowerrea Walter Kennedy | ^hasV Gtes" Wm. Grills Fred A. Woebner 1 charies R. Taylor E- k- Norrls j 4 ';i> interest on Time Certificates and I Savings Amounts.