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Votefor the Party^of Your Class
MONTANA NE WS. OWNEDAND PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF MONTANA Abolishthe Capi^^talist System VOL.IV. HELENA,MONTANA, THURSDAY, JULY 26 190ft. NO.44 STEVENSVILLE FRANCHISE GRAB Afterfifteen years experience watch^^ing the devious ways of franchise grab^^bers and purchased town councils, we^were floored yesterday when we re^^ceived a copy of ^The Stevensville Re^^gister^ containing about the boldest grab^scheme we ever encountered. That such^a brazen proposition could ever have^passed any town council in Montana is^amazing. It is an insult to the intelli^^gence of the people of Stevensville, that^they are called upon to vote upon it.^An Editor Prostitute. Aftergoing over it very carefully we^turned hurriedly to the editorial page^to read the just and scathing denouncia-^tions of an indignant pubile organ.^What was our astonishment to find this^supposed advocate of public rights, this^pretended denouncer of trusts, actually^defending the proposition and giving ut^^terance in favor of this proposed water^trust to this brazen untruth. Afew are inclined to think that the^matter might be deferred a few years^in the hope that the city would by that^time be in a position to operate its^own system. That would be very desir^^able, but the great need, at the present^time, is the water system, and the town^is not prepared to build it. Further^^more, if at any time the town finds it^^self financially able to take over the^system and plant, it may do so under^the general laws of the state, at an ap^^praised valuation, and the owners of the^franchise will not be able to prevent^it. LooksSuspiciously Intentional. Thelatter part of that statement^must be an intentional falsehood since^there is no possible chance for any man^with enough intelligence to edit a paper^to l^e so mistaken. In there any one so^foolish a* to l^eli\e tliat the public can^make a contract with an individual for^forty years and then deliberately break^it before its expiration. If this is to^why would Cook or anyone ask for a^time contract^ When the public pledges^itself to sign away privileges for a cer^^tain length of time, it is lsiiind by the^contract as much as an individual, other^^wise whst are forty year franchises for^^This government could not stand a day^if all the contracts, obligations, bonds,^etc., were not absolutely binding. If therewas a law on the statute books^of Montana permitting the public to set^aside its contracts, that law would be^unconstitutional and inoperative. An^editor who will delibertaely put out such^rot in favor of a corporation deserves^the contempt of every honest man and^woman. If he deseires it we will prove^our contention on this point.^Free Advice.^Pursuant to the interests he is back^^ing, which, quite evidently are not the^interests of the people of Stevensville,^this editor ladels out the following ad^^vice: Sothe Register takes the stand at^this time, that a water system is a great^necessity, and as the opportunity to^secure it is at hand we had better im^^prove it by voting that way. It has got^to come some time: better take it now.''^Surprising Haste. Avote is called for August 2. which in^itself argues an intentional haste to^railroad the matter through before the^people are given a chance to examine^the proposition. We have never yet^heard of such haste. In less than three^weeks' time from the appearance of the^ordinance people are supposed to be^ready to vote upon it. Although Cook^is given six months to get ready to^begin work and fifteen more months to^get the water on Main streei. there is^such haste to get the measure through^that the people are given only three^weeks to prepare to vote on it. AmazingProposition. The ordinance contains about the I^largest number of amazing proposals we^ever saw before condensed in so small j^a document. Some of them are. First,it is an exclusive franchise or I^monopoly. Second,the town is to be com|^clled^!^ pratonize the monopoly by being re^fWsi the right to use open ditches. Third,no price is mentioned in the^ordinance, so that after the franchise^grnblier get hold of the water supply^and prevents you from using ditch,^you will have to patronize him at any^price he makes to you or choke, and he^will have the opportunity under such^circumstances to make any price he de^^sires. Fourth,vou are asked to \ote awav thisgreat monopoly brace game which^will give the owners power to tax you^at arbitrary prices, and will be a mint^for him, for four little hydrants, a pub^^lic drinking fountain for six months and^for from one to four per cent of the^net proceeds from the water charges^^in other words you are giving away a^fortune for a mere nothing. AnExclusive Monopoly. Theclause making the grant an ex-^elusive monopoly, is found in the title^of the act and reads: 'Andalso granting to said Calvin^Cook, his heirs, successors and assigns,^the exclusive use of the water right and^water owned by said town for the pur^^pose of carrying out the provisions of^this ordinance. Alsoin section 11 which reads: TheTown Council of the Town of^Stevensville, does hereby give and grant^to the said Calvin Cook, his heirs, suc^^cessors and assigns, the exclusive right^to a certain water right, and the right^to use One Hundred (too) inches of the^waters of Burnt Fork Creek, in Ravalli^county, stote of Montana, now belonging^to said town of Stevensville tinder and^by virtue of a certain decree made and^entered in the Fourth Judicial Court of^the state of Montana. Section17 is surely a trick to purpose^^ly mislead the voters. It reads: Sec.17. That nothing in this ordin^^ance shall be construed as giving the^exclusive right or privilege for laying^water pipes in the streets and alleys of^said town, and supplying said town and^the inhabitants thereof with water. I'lacedalong side of the other propos^^als this section reveals about as low a^degree of trickery as we ever came in^contact with. They first grant a fran^^chise on the only available water sup^^ply practicable for Ste\en-\ille. 100^inches from Burnt Fork Creek. What^little there is left of Burnt Fork Oeek^is owned by the ranchers. How then^could a new company or the citizens^establish a new plant in competition^with this exclusive water monopoly!^What more does the franchise grabber^want than an exclusive monopoly of the^water^ Cook must think the Stevens^^ville citizens soft to attempt such raw trick-as that. CompulsoryPatronage. VSSthe beef trust or the Amalgam^^ated don't attempt to compel people to^patronize them but Cook seems to be a^fellow who balks at nothing. The braz^^en effrontery of the following proposi^^tion transcends anything we ever laid^eyes es before: Sec.s. No water shall be conveyed or^distributed throughout the town in open^ditches, and all pipes and mains and all^material used in laying and repairing^the -ame. shall be new and first class in^all respects. Doyon notice how quickly he spits^out the proposition and hurries forward^to tell you something about the first^class pipes he is going to lay, for fear^you will get on to what is meant. I-t us look squarely at this bald face^^SBesMIn and see what it means. He^savI in so many words, ^No water shall^be conveyed or distributed throughout^the town in open ditches.^ This means^ia so many words he is going to take^ali the rights away you now enjoy.^He proposes to make a law to prevent^you free born American citizens from^taking water from any place and run^ing it on your lot for drinking or irri^^gating purposes. He is asking you to^porhibit yourselves from doing things^yen are now doing by your votes Au-^gw-t 2. Whatdoes that mean Itmeans that if he can keep you^from getting water from onywhere else,^lie can make you buy all your water^from him at his own price. He has the^^^adulterates' timerity to try to make^a lee to compel you to patronize him.^When lie succeeds in shutting the water^off you. as he will unless you vote right^August 2. you will have to choke and^let your gardens burn up. or patronize^tie water trust. CanFix His Own Price. Thereis one thing about the proposed^franchise which is unique in the his^^tory of such document- no pajce is^mentioned. NeTSThave we heard of such rank^raw business. Never did St. Ixmis, or^(^^'cinnati or Philadelphia boodlers ever^attempt anything quite so shameless^A stipulated price is the essence of a publicfranchise, it is the real protection^guaranteed by the public against mon^^opoly. To grant a company or an indi^^vidual exclusive privileges and then to^fail to fix a maximum pirce to protect^the public is down right robbery^and crime, and town coiutcilmen who^will do such a thing, do it either because^they are ignorant jackasses, or else be^^cause they are downright rogues. It is^about time the people of Stevensville^find out to which of these classes their^town council belongs. They have simply^put you into a hold-up game, where you^will be compelled to patronize the water^monopoly and they have refused to pro^^tect you by establishing a price.^A Fortune For a Song. Cookis playing Stevensville citizens^for dupes and we sincerely hope they^will show their true good sense August^2. If you will look over the proposed^franchise carefully you will discover the^unique collection of gegaws he offers for^something that will give him an enorm^^ous and independent income for forty^years. It certainly shows remarkably^brilliant trading ability on his part.^He offers you the use of four hydrants^in case of fire and if you will be so kind^as to furnish the material he will put^in a public fountain to be used six^months of the year. Butthe hydrant proposition has a^string to it. TiOok up section 0 and you^will find that every additional hydrant^is to bring the owner the neat income^of $5 per year. Now figure about how^many buildings four hydrants would^protect in a town that spreads over a^much ground as Stc\en^ville and you^will see that the hydrant proposition^itself is a pretty good thing for our^tricky Mr. Cook. Inaddition lie offers to hand back to^the town for all the-e monopoly priv^^ileges for the first ten years one cent^out of every dollar he clears alsivc ex^^penses. You will find this brazen prop^^osition set forth in section 13. He will^give two cents out of every dollar net^income the second ten \car-. three cents^the third ten years and four cents the^last ten years. A magnificent sum in^^deed for the Ofi-OH cents he keeps of^every dollar. The whole proposition^amounts practically to giving the fran- inanwho would^gtij 0l^}*^niah- ir-vQynV9 .. ^as attempted^siasking for the monopoly and the powerto fix his own prices, didn't ask^the peoplee to throw in their houses^and farms for good measure. AStevensville Voter Protests. Hereare points from a voter in^Stevensville, who sees the light, ^If yosi^will get out your deeds you will see^you are deeded a water right with each^lot. Now what is the sense in giving^your water right away in order to try^to get to buy it back at the other fel^^low's price^ The town of Stevensvills^certainly needs water works hut 1st^the town build, own and operate them.^Some say the town is not able to build^the water works. If Cook build* them^the town will pay for them and a great^deal more when it buys water of Cook,^or else why would he be anxious to^build the works himself. He expects to^make the works pay for themselves and^a handsome profit beside* and the con^^sumers of the water will l^e the ones^who will pay for it all. therefore it^ought to be plain that a town plant^would be cheapest after nil. If we build^the water works we will have to pay^only for the water works: we will get^the water for nothing: if we let Cook^build them we will have to pay for the^works and the water too. and maks^Cook rich in the bargain. PublicPerjurers. AnAlderman told me they could only^vote bonds to the amount of ten per^cent of the assessed valuation of the^town property which he said is ^10/i000.^This is only one of the many perjured ar^^guments brought up to cloak a weak^cause. There are thou-ands sf towns^smalte* and poorer than Stevensville^that have built their own water works.^The majority of town- nowadays accord^^ing to one of the leading construction^companies build their own plants. The^fact is. it is the cheapest way and is^recognized as a principle of economy.^If Stevensville parts with this valuable^franchise it will easily pay five to ten^times as much for water and water^^works in forty years as it would, did^it erect and operate its own plant. Labor'sAnswer^To Capitalism Coloradothe Battle Ground^Its Re^^markable Awakening^Crisis^In Socialist Movement Sincethe nomination of James D.^Haywood for governor of Colorado, the^forces of socialism and capitalism are^concentrating in that state and it be^^comes more and more apparent with^each passing duy that both the working^class and the capitalist class are mov^^ing to make this state the crucial point^in the coming contest. Idaho, whose^part in the conspiracy against the work^^ing class is well known, will be another^hotly contested point and there the^hosts of labor are uniting as never be^^fore. Montana one of the seats of the^Amalgamated'* power and of the West-^em Federation of Miners' is to be an^^other particular point of contest. The^issue at stake is working claes rights^against capitalist misuse of government^to crush labor. CheeringNews. FromColorado comes news calculated^to raise the hopes of the workers as^they have never been raised before.^Never in the history of the labor move^^ment of America has a single act so^wiped out all labor factions and roused^labor so mightily aa the nomination of^Haywood for governor. The mining^camps of Colorado and especially the^coal camps are on fire and the greatest^campaign of the west is in preparation^at the state headquarters. Itis reported from the national head^^quarters that ^The nomination of Com^^rade William T^. Haywood for Oovernor^of Colorado, by the socialists has given^impetus to the movement, the extent^of which can only be appreciated by the^knowledge of the correspondence which^is reaching the national office from di^^visions of the party and new territory^within that state. The organization is^a unit ss a whols, snd the state com^^mittee is enthusiastic and active in the^extreme. This nomlnstion is recognised^eTerywhere as ths revolstionlsU chell- engeto capitalism. Theservices of Eugene V. Debs has^already lieen engaged, other speakers of^national repute are being sought after^and a plan for the biggest distribution^of literature including fifty thousand^copies of the ^Appeal of Reason' each^each week, has been launched. This all^is being supplemented by signs of help^from the outside. Jas.M. Reilly. national committee^^man from New Jersey has intrt^duced a^resolution to direct the national secre^^tary to put as many of the national or^^ganizers and lecturers aa can be spared^at the disposal of the socialist party of^Colorado and guarantee their expenses. Canvassesof some mining camps in^Colorado showed that an overwhelming^majority say they will vote for Hay^^wood. InIdaho. Idahosocialists have put np a^splendid ticket with Thos. F. Kslley,^a union stone cutter, for governor and^Dr. Titus' paper ^The Socialist^ has^been moved bodily into the state from^Toledo. Ohio, in order to be at a crucial^point in the battle of ballots this fall.^Tdaho, like Colorado, is experiencing an^awakening. All signs point to a better^understanding between organized labor^and the working class party than ever^existed before. ^The Unionist^ of Boise^is already practically fighting the social^^ists' battle. It used nearly one entire^issue to report the convention.^The Russian Crisis. Thecampaign has also an interna^^tional significance. It Is to be waged^during perhaps the greatest epoch mak^^ing events that ever shook the world^of labor. Thecampaign of this fall is to be^fought out while the first socialist re^^union against existing society in the historyof the world is raging. Social^^ists will be sustaining defeats, winning^victories and perishing by the thousands^in Russia and perhaps in Oermany ami^Austria while the socialists of Ameriev^are meeting at the ballot box the first^direct challenge of the American capital^ist class. The issue of the conflict in^Russia will have a great influence on the^conflict in America, and the issue of^the conflict in America will vitally^effect the issue in Russia and all con^^tinental Europe. We are to decide in^the battle before us whether labor in^America is to strike a treasonable blow^at the ballot box against the martyrs^of the East or whether it is to sustain^and strengthen the international move^^ment in this hour of peril. An Ameri^^can socialist setback at this hour in the^world crisis would mean a severe blow^indeed to the cause of labor the world^over. TheDuty of the Hour.^The duty of the hour is plain. We^must lay aside all personal interests^until after the battle of ballots in No vemberand think of nothing but the^effects to Mover. Haywood, Pettibone^and organized labor and those heroes of^Russia. Austria and Cermany who con^^front cruel death, if we prove derelict in^our duty. We owe service and we owe^means to the movement. Especially is^the latter necessary. Talk and resolu^^tions do no good now. Montana, an im^^portant point in the international battle^^field, is undertaking much with next to^no means. We have called and called^and called for contributions and and for^subscriptions so as to get the message^and the issue of labor before all the^workers in the state at this critical^moment. The day-wage-fund has not^been paid the convention assessment^has been ignored -the locals are not do^^ing their duty to this paper. Let us^judge your loyslty by what you will^give of your servfees and your means^at this crucial time and not by yor pro^^testations of loyalty. This means you,^members of the locals, this means you^unaffiliated socialists. Bring these mat-^tres into the local next meeting and act. AWARNING TO HAVRE COUNCIL Formore than a year socialist speak^era, acting within their constitutional^rights, have been disturbed by the law^^less gang of office holders in Havre, the^city sdministration, and their meetings^have been broken up whenever they have^attempted to talk on the streets. D.^Burgess was prevented a year ago from^conducting a peaceful meeting by these^same suppression bureau. Thelatest outrage, the attempt to^prevent John Collins from speaking, re^^veals the fact that they are still at the^game and probably intend to keep it up.^If they do, they had better perpare for^the consequences of such high-handed^unconstitutional methods. Thesocialist party stands ready to de^^fend its speakers by legal proceedure if^necessary. It has no intention of being^bluffed by a little trumped up ordinance,^illegally begotten and illegally executed. TheHavre administration may not^know it but the socialist party has al^^ready fought out and won the right to^conduct peaceful street meetings in near^ly every important town in the United^States. Therecent attempt of political^boodlers fsiled in Salt Lake City ac it^did in Buffalo. Nsw York. Loa Angeles, GreatIs Yellowstone NomineesPut Up For Primaries^^Phenomenal Growth of Organiza^^tion^Inspiring Prospects Seattle,Kansas City and other places^have witnessed this battle within a year. Ifit is necessary all the resources of^the socialist party will be mustered to j^teach the Havre administrstion a lesson. Thisssme warning applies to those^misguided official zealots who period- j^ieally hold up the U. 8. mails, to pre- j^vent the distribution of socialist papers^snd letters. We could name these in^^dividuals and may be compelled to take j^stern measures toward them before they^will obey the laws they claim to repre^sent. Ina town recently where information^concerning the existence of small pox^was suppressed. Three hundred copies^of the ^Montana News^, containing such^information were not delivered, although^they were repeatedly enquired after,^until after the authorities here in Helena^had received notice. The papers left the^Helena post office Friday, but were not^delivered until Tuesday of the following^week. Thereis continued complaint from this^same place and other places from sub^^scribers who do not receive their pa^^pers. Important letters returnable to^the ^Montana News^ are often not de^^livered for four or live days or they sre^entirely lost. Yellowstonecounty we lielieve furn^^ishes the index of the present campaign.^In no locality has theere been such a^steady and persistent hammering as in^Millings, and in no locality has there been^such u phenominal change of sentiment^and such a slump to the organized move^^ment. Billings took no part in the^spring elections; Billings in the inspir^^ation of the movement now. There are^more men in Billings local today,^thanks to the citizens' alliance and in^^tense propaganda, than there were so^^cialist votes in Billings last election held^there. Collins, Latimer. Wilson follow^^ed quickly in each others footsteps in^the heat of the alliance exitement and^Yellowstone is seething with socialism. Whathas been done there can just ss^easy be done, if the comrades support^us, in any other locality, and will be^done before the campaign is ended.^A Strong Ticket. Thelocal met Saturday evening and^put up the following thoroughly repres^^entative nominees for primary election.^Is-ing the second group of socialists in^the state to encounter the primary elec^^tion law: Senator,Adam F. Skirving; Repres^^entative, Alfred R. Jensen; Sheriff, Milo^^'. Roberta; Clerk ^ Recorder, Ceo Boyd;^Treasurer, Jesse F. Cilchrist; I'ublie Ad^^ministrator, L. H. Caldwell; Assessor,^John Home; Commissioner, 6 yr., John^Lundborg; 2 yr., John Powers; County^Supt of Schools. Miss Baer; Justice of^Peace, Lewis M. Withrow, No. Billings;^^ Hsls, So. Billings; Constables. P. H.^Karrell, No. Billings; Artha Davy. So.^Millings. RemarkableGrowth.^Local Billings has suddenly loomed up^as one of the largest locals in the state.^From Ave to a dozen members are taken ineach meeting. At the last meeting^eleven inemlK-rs were taken in raising^the number to ^^^^. Fifty nine ^^i these^representing new blood brought in since^the campaign begun. If we take thor^^ough advantage of the situation there,^liefore the end of the campaign the vote^will be the greatest shock the alliance^has ever experienced, not excepting the^SSsall |Kix exjiose. CountyCampaign.^But Billings is not all of Yellowstone^county. We are already carrying the^battle to the outlying ditricts. T. K.^I/utimcr invaded Columbus Tuesday^evening and was listened to by an inter^^ested audience of over 12.1. He writes^^many people are on the fence and^enough work will bring them over. TheHungarian socialists are waging^a fierce struggle against the land lords^and government to organisS the farm^hands. Kight of such unions have lieen^disorganized by government force, per^went ions are intense. The gov eriimet.^it is believed, is trying to precipitate^a premature strike so as to liiml an ex^^cuse to massacre the laborers. Twenty^thousand Russians ami Romanians have^been imported to kill the union The^farm hands already have 150 local unions^with 20.000 members, and the social dem^^ocratic party is standing behind, them. Inthe by elections made by vacancies^since the genera) fictions two years ago,^the socialists have gained three seats in^the Cerman Reichstag one at Hanover^where they cast 31,803 votes against^30.500 by their opponents; in Altona-^Iserlohe the socialists won an unexpected^and decisive victory, and since these de^^feats the liberals have abandoned the^seat formerly held by F.ugene Hichter^and will put up no candidate against the^socialists.