MONTANANEWS, HELENA, MONTANA.
I.ot week a subscriber, signing her^^self ^Physician,^ ordered ^The Helena^Independent^ (topped on account of the^editor's attack on woman's suffrage.^To the hitter's reply we would like to^append the noble words of Keir Hardie,^to throw the capitalistic and socialistic^viewa of women's rights in contrast.
Belowfollows the ^Independent's^^article:
Wepresume that ^Physician^ is a^woman. If the majority of women were^physicians, lawyers, preachers, journal^^ists, spinsters or childless wives, we^would rush to the rescue of the cause of^woman suffrage with all the fleitl and as^much of pomp as it dignified newspaper^^^If muster.
Hut.111111:11^]^i 1 ^- for the cause of^'woman's rights' the majority of women^are wives, mothers, housewives or out^^side the ranks of professions. Most of^them are yet dependent and, we believe,^most of them don't want woman suf^^frage anyhow.
Inthe state of Oregon a third at^^tempt has been made to graft woman^suffrage upon the constitution of the^state and for the third time it failed.^The principal cause of this defeat was^the vigorous opposition set up by an^Oregon association of 'Women in Opposi^^tion to the Extension of Woman Suf^^frage.' They flooded the state with cir^^culars urging the defeat of the proposed^amendment in the following cogent^words:
'Thehome women are now charged^with the duties and responsibilities ap^^propriate to women's sphere, which are^exceedingly important. These duties are^quite sufficient to engross their attention^without the added responsibilities of pol^^itics, jury service and other public du^^ties from which women are now es-^empt.
'Theseburdens should not be imposed^upon the women* of Oregon at the in^^stance of female agitators from distant^states where the people are too sensible^to adopt woman's suffrage. Do not mis^^take their clamor for the sentiment of^the home loving women of Oregon.
'Thepresent laws are not unjust to^women and we believe the men of the^state are willing nt all times that the^law shall do full justice to womankind.^Be sure to vote 'No' on this proposition^and protect the home life of the state.'
Nojust or prudent newspaper would^oppose woman suffrage if it were con^^vinced or aware that the majority of^women wished it. but the vigorous and^futile attempts of the women suffragists^themselves have in recent years resulted^only in further demonstrating the fact^that It is the opposition of the home-^keeping women and not the opposition^of the men that has generally defeated^the cause.
Incontrast with this democrat paper^and the spirit displayed by those poor^dupes struggling against a broader en^^vironment come the strong, noble words^of the socialist leader. Keir Hardie:
Tothose who are opposed on prin^^ciple to women having the votes at all,^I have little to say. These I And easier^to pity than to reason with. In the^English colonies women are voters, but^they have not, because of that ceased^to be wives or mothers. Their outlook^on life lias lieen broadened by the pos^^session of the vote which forces them^to interest themselves in political and^social questions. They are thus in a fair^way to become better companions of^their husbands and^I 'say this with^deep conviction - tatter mothers. A wom^^an whose circle of interests is eireum-^scrilted by her pots, pans and scrubbing^brushes, varied by an occasional gossip^with a neighbor or a quarrel with her^husband can never, however affectionate,^be other than a curb upon the opening,^eagerly questioning intelligence of her^children. Broaden the outlook of the^mother, and you open a new world for^children to grow in, and bind many ^^wild, wayward youth to his home life^who is now driven out into the hard^world for lack of that sympathle oom-^panionship which an educated and en^^lightened mother can alone supply.
The'half angel, half idiot' period is^over in tha woman's world. She is fight^^ing her way into every sphere of human^activity. Her labor is coming into com^^petition with that of man in nearly ev^^ery department of industry. Women^should insist upon political equality,^whatever the conditions of equality may^be.
Iet us add a word in refutation to tha^^Independent's^ arguments.
Itopposes woman's suffrage on the^grounds that the majority of the women^don't want suffrage.
Whatright, we will aak, has the major.^Ity of women because they think they^don't want a thing, to keep the minor^^ity from having It T Does this fact con^^stitute a reason for denying any intelli^^gent law abiding human being from ex^^ercising his or her franchise if he or she^desire it r
Sincethe home-wrecking privilege of^voting would not be obligatory on the
Ixcal Cleveland, Ohio, reports a mem^bership of nearly a thousand.
TheBuffalo socialists have won the^legal right to the use of the streets.
LocalPhiladelphia sold 530 dues^stamps in June as against ,170 for June^last year.
Fourup-state speakers are at work^in New York and four more will soon be^employed.
NewYork up-state organizers report^larger and more enthusiaatifl meetings^than ever before.
Itis estimated thst over 4 500 people^listened to socialism in sixteen street^meetings recently in Pennsylvania.
Accordingto the capitalist exchanges^the picnic at Schlitz Park, Milwaukee,^drew from eight to twenty thousand^people^ the largest ever held.
Tennesseenow has a state organiza^^tion, Comrade J. T. McDill, 400 Hum^^phrey st.. Nashville, is the secretary.^He also.conducts the Socialist column in^the ,rLabor Advocate.^ The movement^in Tennessee is growing rapidly in the^highly developed industrial districts.
HerbertCasson. who left the socialist^movement years ago and became an op^^ponent, later writing a book on unionism^which practically denies the socialist po^^sition has written a letter to the ^New^York World^ in which he lauds socialism^as the ultimate of civilization and says^it will come first in America.
TheExecutive Council of the Amer^^ican Federation of Tjibor issued its man^^ifesto this week calling on all affiliated^unionists to prepare to put into effect^the political plan of flompers and others^to indorse the candidates of political^parties only who favor the demands of^labor and to sustain the re-election of^those who have proven friendly. But^ComperV apparent plan to serve his cap^^italist patronizers by this effort to keep^labor out of its independent political^movement^ the socialist party^seems^to be but playing into the hands of the^socialists. At least the outcome of the^experiments in that direction are in^^dicating this. The questions provided^for in the plan were put to J. H. Dun^^bar, socialist candidate for governor of^Vermont, and were answered so ably and^the position of the socialist party as^the world's labor party were shown so^clearly that the unions of Vermont have^since endorsed the socialist candidates.^In St. Louis, the Trades and Tjihor as^^sembly have chosen to support the so^^cialist party as the true labor party,^while the ^Seaman's Journal.^ an able^trade union journal of San Francisco,^has turned against the fake labor union^party of San Francisco charging the^latter with political corruption and sub^^servience to capitalistic interests. So^far the socialists are the gainers from^the fiompers' political game.
Webelieve, if the socialists will follow^the example of Dunbar, and answer the^questions simply strongly, clearly and^courteously instead of taking the re^^pellent and antagonistic stand certain^rabid or fanatic elements have taken in^the past, that the cause of socialist edu^^cation will be advanced, the moral posi^^tion of the psrty will h^ strengthened,^and while we cannot hope thst these^endorsements will amount to much on^election day, they are at least a letting^down of the bars for future educational^work.
Thenational secretary reports that^Haywood's nomination is leading to a^great revival in Colorado as is evidenced^by hundreds of letters pouring into state^headquarters.
Atthe recent convention of the pa^^per-makers of Dayton the delegate* who^were socialists brought in a resolution^permitting political discussion in the^local unions. Tt was carried In the face^of an adverse committee report.^.-----------------^^----^-^----------
valiantfemale ^home guard,^ I fail to^see wherein they have a right to keep^the women who do desire citizenship^from enjoying that privilege. This at^^tempt to foist the blame of keeping^women in political liondage upon the^women themselves, is a cowardly and^purile thing and is worthy only of a^capitalist editor. Men are in full polit^^ical control and they are to blame not^only for women's insubordination but^also for those contemptible organiza^^tions, such as the ^home guard^ of^Oregon.
Tosay that women should not be free^Itecause they do not desire freedom, is^to say that because their minds are en^^slaved they have no right to freedom^The mentally enslaved have always op^^posed freedom, but higher considerations^always demand It
Tothose who have watched the situa^^tion in Russia for the last week it is^clear the expected armed uprising is^here. We may look for events of col-^lossal magnitude the next few weeks. The^CV.ar and the autocracy confronted by^the increasing power of the parliament^ary assembly and the revolution, have^pereipitated the revolution upon the the^^ory that it will be more easily crushed^now, than if nllowed to further develop.^On July 21, 1000a day that will be mem^^orable in history, the Russian Douma^was dissolved by the order of the Czar^and Russia threw aside the sham of^political pretense for the uncertainty of^tlie saja, the torch and the dynamite.^The week has been memorable for the^^MtMBfj turmoil of preparation leading^logically to this collosoal event. Press^dispatches tell of the parliamentary^groups campaigning in their respective^localities in anticipation of the event^July 10 and the organization of the^landlords to protect their estates: July^17, first legislative act of the Douma.^appropriation of f7.5OO.00O for famine^relief; attempt on the life of the Grand^Duke: the entire province of Veronezh,^725 miles square in revolt; police of St.^Petersburg on strike; July 10, the burn^^ing of the city of Syzron; devastation of^the province of Babrove; July 20. St.^Petersburg filled with troops; vote on^a parliamentary address to the people^defeated showing that the center party^of moderation had either gone over to^revolution or reaction and leaving these^two irreconciliahle forces face to face In^the Douma: July 21, dissolution of the^Douma by order of the Czar; July 22.^the re-convening of the parliament, over^200 strong, in Viborg. Finland, to dis^^cuss the steps to take in the presence^of the crisis.
Whilethese great events were htirry-^intr Russia into the sweep of armed revo^^lution, international events connected^with the lurid tragedy about to be en^^acted drew the attention of the world.^The British government was about to^make a naval demonstration on the^Baltic when the action of the valiant^little fighting group of socialists and^laborites in parliament so aroused public^opinion that the scheme was given up.
Pressdispatches claim that the em^^perors of Germany and Austria met this^week in Vienna and agreed to lend their^armies to the crushing of the Russian^uprising, providing the Czar would give^up Poland. It is claimed that nothing^except this event and the fact that the^autocracy of Russia has received financ^^ial hacking from some source could ac^^count for its latest bold stroke in invit^^ing conflict.
Ttis impossible to give any idea of^the comparative strengths of the giant^foes in the impending death-grapple as^no one knows just how far revolution^and socialism has penetrated the army^or how far the peasants may he led by^the revolutionary proletariat and the^revolting intellectusls into actual con^^structive revolution; but there can be no^doubt but that the struggle means the^beginning of the great revolution of this^century which will usher in world-wide^socialism.
Therevolution breaks out just while^the socialists are holding an inter-parli^^amentary conference in London, and the^action imputed to the sovereigns of Aus^^tria and Cermany indicate how close the^Russian revolution is to the world-revo^^lution that is to bring socialism.
T/ondon.July IS. In connection with^the meeting of the socialist and labor^interparliamentary committee here this^week, a demonstration was held in Hyde^park this evening to express sympathy^with the Russian revolution. The au^^dience was extremely cosmopolitan, and^among it were scattered hundreds of^police snd detectives who were thus af^^forded an opportunity of securing des^^criptions of many supposed enemiee of^society.
Therewas much disappointment at^the non-appearance of Deputy Jaures.^the French socialist, and Herr Bebel,^the leader of the socialists In the German^parliament. But British labor leaders^and M. Anikin. of the Russian parlia^^ment, succeeded in arousing much en^^thusiasm. A majority of the audience^were Russian refugees. -Press Dispstch.
Tiondon.July 17. The general congress^of socislist Inter parliamentary commit^^tees opened here today. The flrst action^of the congress was to expell the news^^papermen, the foreign delegates, fear^^ing that detailed reports of the proceed -^inn* would bring them unpleasantly to^the notice of their governments.
Thegeneral purpose seems to be to^attempt to unify the action of the so^^cialists in the various parliaments^Press Dispatch.
Sevensocialists have been returned^to the Australian parliament by the^labor party In Tasmania In place the^former four.
OUR INEVITABLE COMPETITION^WITH YELLOW LABOR
Inthe conversion of the Far East^Into ^ hive of factories swarming with^cheap Mongolian labor, Japan, in my^judgimnt, has inaugurated a new econ^^omic movement, no less important to^the world than was the introduction^of labor saving machinery, and even^more revolutionary than that icono^^clast,, innovation because no nation^c^n i-imipcte with these yellow wage^earner^.
I'-ibefore dealing with this startl^^ing transformation which now threat^^ens much ,,i the foreign commerce of^both America and Europe, I wish to^call attention to our present unsnccess^aawoad and to the indication that we^would not secure the trade of the far^Pacific, even if Japan were not ready^with a new element of competition.
Withsturdy optimism we ignore our^coniiin relal failures in the Far East^and look upon an occasional emergency^cargo as the beginning of n permanent^trade. Japan, for example, wag compelled^to march to war in American shoes,^bat are forget that when it returns to^th^ paths of peace it will go barefoot.^It is equally idle to dwell upon the^colossal commerce of the China pf^to-morrow. Japan will take care of^that, :is the official Japanese proclama^^tion reproduced below, attests. When^our trade commissioners complete the^humiliating chapter of our South^American defeat, it will doubtless be^In order to tell the story of our ex^^clusion from the opportunity of the^Ofiant. The foreign trade of the south^amounts to $1,000,000,000 a year. It^has fto the Old World, whoso^^attquitated methods we deride! The^foreign commerce of Oeeaniea and the^Pacil countries of Asia amounts to^$3,00o.orto,noo per annum, and is pass^^ing to Japan, whose invasions we^applaud'
Tindepartment of Finance at Tokio^has officially made the following an^^nouncement :
Ourtrade doubled decennially dur^^ing the twenty years from 1868 to^1888, and septennially after the latter^year; if the same rate is maintained^hereafter, the value of trade will reach
Ourtrade doubled decennially dur-^yen 1,060,000,000 (six hundred mil^^lion dollars) in 1909. Moreover, the^completion of the Panama Canal^will stimulate our trade with North^America, open a flew era for^our trade with South America, es^^pecially wth Brazil and the Argentine^Republic, and not improbably enable^us to find for our merchandise new^markets on the West coast of Africa.
Again,as many railroads are now^under construction in the interior of^China with a view of tapping her in^^exhaustible wealth, our commercial re^^lations with her in our position as her^close neighbor will, with the exploita^^tion of her natural resources, become^more intimate than ever.
Toback up this program Japan starts^in with 9,000 factories employing half^a million Mongolian operatives thriv^^ing on wages that would drive Amer^^ican labor to pauperism and crime.
Theseoriental factories will turn out^a ^Hoe^ press, a ^Baldwin^ loco^^motive, a ^Cramp^ battle ship, or^an ^Edison^ phonograph with such^fidelity to the niceties of construction^that the American makers cannot de^^tect the counterfeit form the original.^With what will pass for our own goods,^Japan will be able to undersell us in^any foreign market. The Sunrise^Kingdom has patented all our inven-^ions and appropriated our most popul^^ar trade-marks, and brings legal action^against American firms attempting to^^infringe^ upon the stolen right of^Japanese manufacturers to multiply^and sell ^Yankee^ wares.
Reprehensibleas wo msy consider^Japan's apropriation of the good name^of our merchandise, it may be the be^^ginning of a great movement in world^traffic. For the first time in economic^history Japan has employed in mechan^^ical industries a labor that is both^cheap and efficient. The cheap-labor^scares of the past have been merely^political arguments. Many economists^are convinced that American labor,^when its product is measured, is the^cheapest among western nations. The^workingmen of the United States turn^out in our big factories ns great a^volume of goods as do all the employes^of Germany, 'France, and the United^Kingdom combined. Tn Japan and^China, however, there is a labor with^which neither America or Europe could^or would compete. Official figures from^Tokio show that shipbuilders in the^HO private shipyards of the empire^rive fifty-nine sen a day; the high^^est rate of wages paid in all Japan to^artisans. Tn textile industries, the^maximum rnte is twenty nine sen.
Ofthis labor, cheap, skillful, diligent^and thrifty, the Orient possessses a^monopoly. With this nrmy of Oriental^wage earners who cannot only rival the^best operatives of Americn and Europe,^but who can save money out of their^beggarly pay, the Mongolian manu^faetnrer embarks upon the search for^foreign goods which he can mark down^beyond the reach of any possible com^petition. The introduction of labor^saving machinery was revolutionary^turning thousands of men out of em^plovment and causing the abandon^^ment of hundreds of hand-made In
3GOING OUT OF BUSINESS 3
Men'sSuit*, $16.50 and $18, now-- $9.35
MonarchShirts, $1.50 values, now-^ 95c
'fa Princely Shirts, $1.00 values, now -- 45c
Men'sUloves, Buckskin, $1.00 values, now- 70c
Boys'and Children's Suits at one-half original price.
iCAPITAL CLOTHING COMPANY
UnionLaundry Co., Inc.
THERIGHT KIND OF WORK^=^== and =====
THERIGHT KIND OF PRICES
SPECIALSALE OF^SUMMER UNDERWEAR^95 Cents the Suit
IMMENSEVALUES IN^SUMMER SUITS^$7 50 to $20.00
FreshArrivals in^Trunks and Valises
TheNew Store with the^NEW CLOTHING
Mrs.Sevm Stewart. Prop.
CompletelyRefurnished and^Refitted Popular Prices.^Steam Heated. On Car Line
NorthMain St. ^ Helena, Mont.
dustries.Yet the problem in all coun^^tries was the same. All could install^engines and dynamos and belts. With^the readjustment to the new order, tens^of thousands of new people were em^^ployed and products were amazingly^multiplied. The original thousands of^men made idle were frequently forced^under prolonged protest into other call^^ings, and individual capital was often^irreparably lost. This is one of the^tragedies of all economic progress,^people as a whole benefited by the evo^^lution. The prosperity of the world^was vastly increased.
Withthe transformation of the^Orient into a modern factory center^employing yellow millions of men at^wages which estop competition, Amer^^ica and other western nations are con^^fronted by the new element in man^^ufacturing industry. The only way to^compete successfully, would be to^force the wages in Europe and the^United States down to the level of^those in Japan, and that would plunge^obviously the whole Occident into^anarchy. It 4* obvious that the^Japanese menace to the cotton in^^dustry of the southern states of^America now dependent upon the^Chinese trsde is but the prillmin-^ary phase of an industrial catastrophe^which may overtake every manufact^^uring plant in this country which now^or in the future bases its prosperity^on foreign trade.^Harold Bolce In^Booklover's Magazine.
LsmlCarnet was the flrst to respond^to the day-wage fund. It sends *fl on^this account and $3 for the convention.^Conn uiles, get this matter before the^loculv Remember the one day wage^fund which is going to enable us to^carry on the biggest campaign ever.
13-17South Main Steel
FiveShowsDaily Open Year Around
A.Anderson will repair^it. Shoes make to order.^First class work guaran^^teed ********
118Sixth Ave. E. Helena, Mont.
Dr.G. A. Willett
ROOM 9 THOMPSON BLOCK^Opposite Grand Central Hotel
Iuse the latest Anaesthesia Somno-^forme for painless extracting of teeth
THEHUMPHREY JEWELERY CO.
TheHneM work done at the lowest^ppces. We make anything you want^in this line. Our shop it all run by^electricity. If you want any special^design in a ring, have us make it.
Allkinds of shop work^made to order. Power^machinery :::::::
ShopNeat to Livery Stable
TH| mission of the Socialists^is to promote the interests^of the producers. It is our^mission to promote the inter^^ests of our customers by keep^^ing always on hand the best^brands of Wines, Liquors and^Cigars, at
LOCAL LIVINGSTON, of tha^Socialist Party
Meetaevery Monday Night at Socialist Hall.^No. B. St.M. BlACH. Sec.
LOCALBUTTE, Of the Socialist^Party.
MeetsSTsry Monday night is the class room^on the rifth rioor of the Owalar Block. Kree^discussion. Everybody Invited.
LOCALHELENA, of the Social.^1st Party
Meatssvery Wednesday eveaiag at Ike Work^^ers. Clab.JOSEPH IIAi KR Secretary
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