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Montana news. [volume] (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, August 02, 1906, Image 1

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Votefor the Party^of Your CIam
MONTANANEWS
OWNEDAND PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIALIST PARTY OF MONTANA
Abolishthe Capi^^talist System
VOL.IV.
HELENA,MONTANA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2 1906.
NO.44
ARed Hot
Controversy
GreatFalls Editor Slanders Socialists^^Jesse D. Selby Swats Him^Hard With Facts
Becausethe greet souled Oorky Is^^nocked by the brutal commercialUm and^selfishness of America and its carping^spirit, the editor of the Great Falls Tri^^bune of July 10 emptied his slime on the^pages of his paper attacking Gorky's^private life and the personalities of so^^cial int ^loud voiced street speakers^,^whose ^fearfully and wonderfully-made^statistics and juggled figures deceive^few.
SelbyBack at Him.
July23 Comrade Selby as a member of^Ix^cal Great Falls replied to this abuse,^quoting Carroll D. Wright, John Adams,^Rot^crt Hunter and John Graham Brooks^to prove that socialist statistics and flg-^guree are neither ^made^ nor juggled.
Theeditor's reply is characteristic.^He ^juggles^ Selby's statements to prove^that Comrade Selby has fallen ^into the^socialistic habit^ of exageration. He re^^sorts to ridicule of the socialist assertion^that the working class live in virtual^slavery, denies Comrade Selby's figures^point blank and ends with a whine^against the comrade for requiring him^to ^spend his hard-earned money^ to^print the article, implying by such as^sections, either that the 'Tribune' would^have had a blank space where Selby's^article apjteured, in order to save ex^^pense, or that the ^Tribune^, feels no^obligation to give an attacked opponent^a chance.
AnArray of Arguments.
ComradeSelby's reply which follows,^is a stunning array of arguments calcul^^ated to jar the complacent editor out of^^ome of his smug opinions.' We wish^all the readers of ^The Great Falls Tri^bune^ who were designedly prejudiced^by the editor, could hear this final word^in the controversy.
TheGreat Falls Tribune and Socialists:^'I am thankful to the ^Tribune^ for^for going to the trouble and expense to^print my communication which appeared^July i.'i: but in consideration of afore^^said trouble and expense I think it^wniilil have lieeji much more to the pur^^pose if in its reply instead of occupying^^o much space with a lot of idle ridicule,^it had got right down to business and
disprovedthe statements and statistics
containedin my. reply to the editorial^of the 10th. Surely if these things are^the product of a ^diseased imagination.^^it must be a very simple matter to dis^^prove them; yet we And that only in one^instance were my figures dealt with^(I refer to the average family income)^at all, and then the ^Tribune^ fell help^lessly into error. If my communication^had been read intelligently it would have^l^ecn discovered that I took these figures^from the 18th Annual Labor report,^which concerns itself only with the wage^earning classes yet the ^Tribune^^bundles the families of all classes to^^gether, misconstruing my meaning. I^should have mentioned wage earning^class, but considering the nature of the^report I did not deem it necessary.^Quoted Against Himself.
The 'Tribune' denies my statement^that in its attack upon socialists on the^lflth he charts us with deliberate mis^representations of facts: I produce its^w^ry words: 'Then he (Gorky) proceed^ed to v1^'- touch with a lot of socialists^and anarchists in this country who gave^him a great deal of irformation that^isn't true, and loaded him with facts^that exist mostly in their own diseased^imagination.' The socialists whom Gor^ky met in this country, and who accord^^ing to the ^Tribune^ gave him this false^information are men^taking Gayiord^Willshire and I. Phelps Stokes for ex-^smples who are conversant with the^working class conditions very intimately,^and they must if the ^Tribune's^ charge^lie true, be guilty of deliberate misrepre^^sentation of facts. The justice of my^criticism of the ^Tribune's^ charge I will^leave the reader to judge. Seeing, how^ever, that the evils of which the social^^ist* complain stalks about in the light^of day. Gorky possessing a pair of eyes,^did not need to obtain his information^second hand, and I do not believe he^did much of it.
The'Tribune' criticises my statement^that condition cannot be painted black^enough, but if we actually saw the hell^holes of our great cities as depicted in^Hunter's 'Poverty' and Riis' 'How the
otherHalf lives' I think we would realise^that whatever mey be our power over^the Knglish language it would inadequate^to picture them.
Carlyleon Capitalism.^^The 'Tribune' refers to Carlyle'a ac^^count of conditions previous to the^French revolution, the period of decay^of feudalism in France; ia the 'Tribune'^acquainted with the great philosopher's^indictment of capitalism. In 'Past and^Present' he says, 'our life ia not a mutual^helpfulness; but rather cloaked under^due law ^^f war. named 'fair competi^^tion', end so forth, it is mutual hostil^^ity*. Furthermore he says, 'Liberty, I^am tol.i is a divine thing. liberty when^it become s 'the IJberty to die by starva^^tion' is not so divine,' again, 'And yet^I venture to believe that in no time since^the beginning of society, was the lot^of#those same dumb millions of toilers^so entirely unbearable as it is even in^the days now passing over us. It is not^to die, or even to die of hunger, that^makes a man wretched; many men have^died; all men must die,^the last exit of^us all is in a fire chariot of pain. But^it is to live miserable we know not why;^to work sore and yet gain nothing; to^l^e heart worn, weary, yet isolated, un^^related, girt in with a universal laisset-^faire; it is to die slowly ill our life long,^imprisoned in a deep dead infinite in
justice,as In the accursed iron belly of a^Phahiris Hull!'
Tow^rk sore and yet gain noth^^ing^, i.ohert Hunter tells ^ia ia the lot^of millions of workers in America today;^the so culled land of the free and inde^^pendent. Kmerson says, in effect our^whole ij ^tem of trade is built on selfish-^Mas an.I that honesty is mipossible in^society.
Hiis is what two af the great minds^of the nineteenth century thought of ca^pitalisnt the system which according to^the 'Tribune' containa the essentials to^human development for all time. Were^their .mnds diseased^ They must have^heen if the 'Tribune' theory ia right^AH earnest students of present day so^^cial condition agree that the above utter^^ances are more applicable to present day^than to the time in which they were^written.
ProbablyNearsighted
Bythe way why did the 'Tribune*^pa-- ,,w,r f,,e sweeping statements of^Hunter quoted in silence^ Were they^not w.trthy of notice^ Or did it deem^them unanswerable^ I think the latter^is the ^-a*e for none of the facts related^by Hunter have ever been disputed. 1^think the eagle eyes of socialists are^often times too penetrating for the capi^^talist class; were it not for this and the^strenuous efforts of the socialist press,
(Continuedon page 3.;
JAPANADOPTS STATE SOCIALISM
ShowsUp
Alliance
T.E. Latimer Furnishes Some Inside^Facts of Organization's .Opera^^tions in Billings
Everywherecapitalism and its up^^holders work under the mask of ^law^and Order^ and respectability, and the^alliance of Billings is no exception. In^the midst of their onslaught on organ^^ized labor they have been sending their^yelps about liberty and freedom broad^^cast throughout the country. In their^attempt to break the back bone of the^working class, they demanded that union^men join hands with them in violating^the state eight-hour law, failing in this^they shipped in those were law breakers^like themselves to thus show their con^^tempt for the laws of the land.
ExtravagantClaims.
Atfirst they attempted to lay the^blame for all labor troubles on the union,^but being forestalled in that, they ad^^mitted that they were fighting for the^open shop in the interest of ^liberty,^^and now they say everything is settled^with union conditions entirely destroyed,^the closed shop -closed to union men^^the ten hour day and starvation wages.^A Surprise in Store.
Althoughthis is the ideal alliance they^have not secured it yet. as the men are^standing firm and arc lining up for the^battle of ballots this coming November^and when the votes are counted the citi
zens'alliance will wonder what hit them^for the political triumph of the working^class through the socialist party is the^one topic of conversation in Billings.
However,there is another .phase to^this fight, as a part of the citizens' alii^ance are using the rest as a catspaw to^pull their chestnuts out of the fire.^Another Blow.
Thefranchise of the Billings Water^company expires April 5th 1907, and^the sentiment is strong for a gravity^system owned by the city.
Thiswould cut out the graft of those^^respectable and law abiding' citizens^who are at present selling the people^water at so much ^per.
Highhanded Methods.
Theyare forcing into their organ iza^(ion cm iv man that is under any obli^gat ion to them through borrowed moeey^mortgnge. or otherwise, and incidentally^while trying fo break the back of organ^ized InUir, they hope to deaden the town,^force some to leave, close the moutha of^others and secure a new franchise which^will permit them to hold up the people^of Hillings for another term of years.^Smallpox and Boycott.
'Hiecitizens' alliance is everywhere^alike, they will stop at nothing to gain
Pressdispatches bring news from^Japan of such startling importance that^we cannot refrain from giving them be^^low. The government ownership of all^the industries of Japan will constitute^the biggest innovation the world has^seen for centuries and while it will not^be socialism, it will be a step toward it;^it will be the abolition of the private^capitalist class and require only a fur^^ther change, a change to a perfect dem^^ocratic government to make of Japan n^full-fledged socialist republic. How the^world do move!
Washington,July 18. -According to^advices received by the bureau of man^^ufactures, the Japanese government ha'^undertaken one of the greatest exper^^iments in the world's history which in^^dicates a clear purpose to protect, super^vise, develop and nationalize all Japanese
industries.
Itis stated that the provision for the^nationalization of railways was but a^single step in the great plan of indus^^trial nationalization toward which the^country is faat approaching.
Themovement for Manchurian nation^^alization has rceived careful attention^and it is now- proposed that a company^shall lie formed by the government and^private capitalists jointly for the pur^^pose of operating the railroads, forests^and mines in Manchuria.
Ifsuccessful along lines Japan is now^working it is stated that the individuals^and corporations of America that are^stuving for the trade of the Orient will^discover that they are not competing for^this trade against individuals and corpo^^rations of Japanese, but that they are^in commercial conflict with the Japan^^ese nation itself.^Press Dispatch.
Alliance
LiesNailed
BillingsFighting Unions Issue Circu^^lars to Offset Vicious Literature^of Citizens' Alliance
theirends even death and destruction^failing to appeal to them. A numlier of^smallpox cases ahd developed ami^an epidemic was threatened. but^they refused to even allow the^|H'ople to be warned. ao that^means could lie taken to prevent the^spread of the disease. They feared they^might lose a few dollars from homeseek^ers and scare some of their cheap lalsir^out of twon. It was known by but few^until ^The News,^ printed 250 miles^away. 1. Id the facts about the danger^to human life in Billings, and was called^a ^dangerous anarchistic sheet^ by the^niliance owned ^Gazette.^ Yes, ^The^News,^ it is dangerous because it tells^the truth, for truth and justice means^destruction of the citizens' alliance.^Intimidation.^There were some business men. to^whose honor it can lie said, that refused^to join the alliance. These men were^bluffed and harrassed in very manner^possible, some even to the point of being^forced out of their places of business,^and others are being boycotted, pressure^being brought to bear on their custom^^ers to withdraw their patronage, hut in^in spite of all this they are standing^firm.
Tryingto Prejudice Farmers
Thefarmers within a radius of 150^miles have received frantic appeals to
illythemselves with ^liberty loving^, or^^ganization, against the union men, but^the farmers are rapidly learning that^they have nothing in common with those^highbinders of American society. The^man who toils on the farm is just as^dependent today 11s the wage workers,^and when the sugar factory starts and^the farmer learns that he can't raise 20^or 30 tons per acre, and they dock him^011 the tests, and that he is fortunate if^he comes out even, he will then learn^that they are his friends for revenue^only.
DrivingUnions to Politics.
Theunions are holding their own and^are putting up a winning fight, but they^are learning the lesson tanght by the^citizens' alliance every where the neces^^sity of going into politic* for success.^With the public officials upholding the^violation of the eight-hour law and other^laws, always ready to support the capi^^talist class, the working men see that^the first thing to be done is to secure^1 ontrol of the political power of the^country through a working class party.
HugeLand Thefts.
Thecriminal acta of those self ap^^pointed saviors of society are not limit^^ed to the violation of the labor laws of^Montana, but extend to the land laws
I'll-Billings Citizens' Alliance ia^driven to the desperate recourse of issu^^ing falsified statements. Last Sunday^in a statement through its organ, ^The^Gazette^, the Alliance intimated that the^trouble was settled. In reply the Trades^and l-ilxir Assembly has issued two cir^^culars, one of which we give in full be^^low.
Statementof Unions.
TheCitizens' Alliance in its notiee to^the public, published in the Gazette of^Sunday, July 21, would lead the people^of Billings and vicinity to believe that^the trouble between that organization^and organized labor was settled. They^have taken it for granted that because^they have succeeded in importing about^30 non-union jacknife carpenters into^our city, that we are ready to lay down^and go to work on the open shop policy.^On the contrary we never were in a bet^^ter condition to withstand the onslaught^of the Citizens' Alliance and their hire^^lings than we. are today. We wish to^say to the public that we are trying, by^honest endeavors, to build up the work^^man's condition, morally, socially and^financially, and make it possible for him^to provide the necessaries of life for him^^self and dependent ones. That we will^succeed, is beyond question of a doubt.^We did not go into this fight for our^rights to lose, and are prepared to stay^until the so-called Alliance agrees to our^moderate demands. We have today 80^per cent of the total labor population in^our ranks; whst is more, they are all^working. When the non-union working-^men realize that the Alliance is using^them to down the wage earners, they^will not permit themselves to be used^as tools to cut their own throats. At^this date the non union men are leaving^town. Itecause the wages offered by the^so called principal contractors, are not^what they advertise. They can not af^^ford to put in the liest of the year in^a town where it costs almost all they^earn to live. This trouble will be settled^when the Yellowstone Trades and l.al^or^Assembly get their just demands, and^not before.
Inthe other circular the following atf^nificant facts are set forth:
(Continued^n ^age 3.)
HEARSTDECLARES FOR CAPITALISM
Thosemembers of the working class^who are prospective victims of the Hearst^movement now in course of preparation^will do well to ponder over the bates*1^statement over the name of William^Randolph Hearst making him a defender^of the capitalist class. The dream that^Hearst is a socialist or a genuine cham^^pion of the working class has gone glim^^mering. The following reply, to which^he has attached his signature is in ans^^wer to the resignation from the Inde^^pendent licague of J. G. Phelps Stokes,^the wealthy settlement worker and re^^cent candidate in the Hearst municipal^party for a high office, who announced^his intention of joining the socialist^party:
Youexpress your belief that exist^^ing evils will be remedied by socialism.^The Independence league believes that
SignificantFacta
Hillingsis not an open town. The^term ^open town^ is utterly meaningless^as the Citizens' Alliance would apply it.^They claim they want no distinction be^^tween union and non union help, and^then go to work and make conditions^radically opposed to the conditions of^unionism. An open shop would mean^no discrimination in regard to the men^employed, but a discrimination has al^^ready been made when the conditions de^^bar the union man from accepting a job^and still living up to the principles of^the organization.
AManly Boast.
Mr.Kilbey. manager of the company^building the sugar factory, is making^the manly boast that he is working his^men ten hours per day because it is in^violation of the principles of organized^lalxir. The Citizens' Alliance men are^even going to the anarchistic extremity^of declaring the eight hour law uncon^^stitutional rather than make conditions^conformable to the principles of organ^^ized labor.
Resortto Boycott.
Whilethey claim to condemn the^boycott they have themselves re-orted to^the lioyeott in order to drive a news^^paper out of business whoso only sin^was a declaration in favor of organized^labor Here is an excerpt from this^constitution and by-laws: 'No person^shall lie entitled to membership in the^Alliance who is a member of a labor^organization which either issues a boy^^cott or endorses a boycott, or is him^^self engaged in any boycott, or wbo shall^encourage, aid or assist in any boycott^or similar movement.'
ToScatter Labor Vote.
Inthe near future some of the same^men will go upon the stump and fairly^how I out their sincere regard for the^laboring men. Ijilsir union- will l^e ad^^vised as they have been advised in the^past to keep out of politics. 'Scatter^the lalsir vote' is their motto, 'and the^field is ours.' Ye gods, and so the labor^^ing man must apfiain from the strike^and the boycott, and under no circum^^stances enter the sanctity of the polit-
(Continuedon page 3.
ClarionCall
ToBattle
LocalQuorum Issues Manifesto to So^^cialists of Montana on Eve of^Great Campaign
theycan and will be rcaiedied by Aiueri-^iimisin. The Independence league is^conservative. It is opposed to socialism^and is committed only to the public^ownership of public utilities lm^the public good. The Independence^league is not op|x^scd to capital^^ist*, huge or small. it believes that^this country should offer the greatest^financial rewards of any country in the^world to those who through industry,^enterprise and ability confer benefits^upon the public, but that there should lie^no reward for robbery, no opportunity^for the rich and unscrupulous to grow^rich through extortion.
Theletter is signed by William Kan-^dolph Hearst. Samuel Sen bury. Clarence^J. Shearn, Thomas Gilternn, M.G. Hollis-^ter. John Kurd. John Pnlmierie. 0. A.^Haviland. .1 G. Follnnsbee and M. F.^Ihmsen. executive committee.
*
Comrade*,we're in a fight. We're in^the biggest kind of a fight the biggest^that ever took place on American soil.^We're in a fight that means much, not^nnlv to us here in Montana and the^west, but to the United States and the^whole socialist movement. We're in a^fight that has got to go to a finish with^a decision. We are in a fight in which^we have the advantage if we are wise^enough to take it. We have driven the^in in- owners back in their cave and^that old watch dog, Titus, is guarding^the entrance There are others on guard^also in urhcr plait s and we must keep^them on guard. It oyer, II.iv wood and^IVttihnnc are still unhung. Just as^thajse industrial pirates were adjusting^the noose to the neck of Organized I,a-^Isir they received a swat from the so^cialist press that knocked the wind out^of them and caused them to pause ill^their wild revel of anarchy. They didn't^Know we had that weapon It has never^been concealed, but the capitalists have^been too busy clipping coupons to notice^its growth. At last they have awnk^etied to the realization of the fact that^there is in this country a medium for^the transmission of intelligence which is^bey mid their control.
Nowthey are waiting waiting to aee
ifwe will use our political arm on elec^^tion day. Yes. we will use it, but how^effectively we will use it depends on^how much we can extend the influence of^our press. Our speakers all report^greatly increased interest everywhere.^We must have our picss to supplement^our speakers. It takea work, comrades^it takes money. We must keep etern^^ally hammering. The comrades all over^the state are giving liberally . but more^money is needed to keep up our pace and^we must get it from socialists mid sym^^pathize!* who have not yet joined the^party. There are hundreds who will^give us their suppoit who have never^been appealed to. The best way to get^these to contribute is to use the cam^^paign coupon hook*, (let these limn^the state secretary and go alter them.^You will find that some of the most^willing to contribute are those who, be^^cause of their Independent spirit and^outspoken opinions can not stay in one^place long enough to join a local or even^get acipiainted.
Colorado.Idaho and Montana are now^to the front in this battle for industrial^emancipation. The eyee of the world are^upon us. Close up the ranks. Kvcrv^man to his post and prepare for the^final charge on November ^l. On with^the fight.

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