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Aeeamant , 9ia ILAM.r
The poets onee were wont to eing the brotherhood of mae, To fire our seal for commonweal aecord ing to the pha.. "The platl" you ask, "There was no plaet" O, my not so, ye wild, 'Twu maid the lion and the lamb should walk behind the child. 'Twas said the earth should bear rich fruit for all the soes of men, The masters hold the treasure now, the masters held it then. The monarch of the jungle reands his weak and helpless prey, The little child I. starved and bled for Sprofits day by day. The masters of the mart in brazen ar regaee proclaim The title to the common store in "His Most Rldy Neme." The hypnosis of the ages Is this priest ly siren song, The meek have walked beneath its spell for o, so long, so long. When shall the nanhood of the eece cry its defisaee bold, And make a sweet reality the prophecy of old? The poets once were wont to sing the brotherhood of maa, To fire our zeal for commonweal accord ing to the plan. "The plan t " you sak, "There was no plan!" 0, say not no, we wild, 'Twas said the lion and the lamb should walk behind the child. -CLELL 0. FOWLER. The SBoisl-Democrats of Milwaukee are now obliged to fight in defence of the public schools. During the ten years of Mayor Reoss administration only eight new schools have been built in Milwaukee. Many school children are now housed Ia barneks, where they suffer from the eold. Last spring the people of Milwaukee voted $360,000 for bonds for school purposes. Rose pro poses to cut this amount down to $130, 000, and wants to appropriate the bhl ance to building up his machine. More over he reeently made a speech, at the laying of a eorner atone of a Catholie Church, advoestieg a division of the publie school funds so that the Catholic schools would reeive a part. Whet this reduction of the school fund was proposed before the Pnlenee Committee of the Clty Council, Alderman Arnold, the only 8eealiet on the eemmutee, made a strong stead for the pubile schools and agaias crippling them for want of funds. The matter will be fought out on the floor of the Conmell where the Boetal-Demoerate will put up a resolate defence of the public school system. The struggle for the initiative and referendum and right of reeal is now eoming to a bead in the Milwaukee Charter eatveutleo. The eiiten Seedal Demoeratic members of the convention are laboring 1 the eonveatloe, in arm mittees and eaaeusss ed through the daily press in behal of these measurs. Comrde Victor L. Berger is arrying on a regular eoutroversy with as op ponent of the referendum is the Mil waukee daily wbieh has the lr.gest e culation. The artlees appeea each night in parallel eeluma. It Is need less to say that the Soeialist are ahead in the argument, but the other eide may have a majority of votes In the conveatlon. Meantime, the idoeussion is educating the people and showing them that Soeial-Demoeracy would not be "state 8oeiaUlem" or "the new slavery," but the democratic control of the politisal and *eosomie systems. The Rudowits aud Pourea defenee league have held another mm meeting at the at. Charles Hotel lset ilght. The league is doing eeeleat work and hee the promise of emsisa. o bo 8en*ator LaFellette and many other prominent persons. TM FIWW DU Of the 427 Deputies that were mem benr of the first Russian Duma, ene died a natural death, one ewe killed, one has become easaoe, two were beat en sad wesaded, tek have goe inte eoaeealmoet in order to eseam pries, five have been itearned in i.iber, 88 kave been asarched, 84 are In prieom and under legal process, and I are eipgers of the Viborg malifesto. Forty thousand miners in Belgium declared for the eight-boar day me are latredused Ia Parilment by the Boelelists. They declare that unless the bill I passed they will inaugurat a general strike sad *ecpel the poew ern that be to jeat the eoeosseon. National Ooumittee Metlon 3o. 84, which pfevher for the apropriltlon of $1,000 for sub. eards of the New York veninag 0all, sad upon which vote elosed Dee. tt2nd, as adopted by the follyring vote: Yes, 83 ; Ifs, 64; eot Votitg, 13. a hternatlonal Miaa UODDALUtS AND !T0 S WATU. French comrades are undertaking a vigores eampaign to obtain repressen tation is the Senate, sad at the same time to call attention to the reaction -ry chasreter of this assembly and, to sll for its abolition. It is to be hoped that English comrades will steadily, and with all their might, reelst any at tempt to reform the House of Lords into a similar instituties. The only purpose that any second Chamber en serve is to act as a guardian of prop erty. The idea that any body composed of representatives of the intelligence is in any way superior to the passions of the multitude, is refuted by history in the most striking manner. Whbrever publle opinion has gone wreg oas any point, it is certain that their prejudices were shared in an even greater degree by the soe led intellectual elasses whose opinion has been invariably that which subsequent events have falsi fied. Even the most enlightened ele ments of the class were never able to do more then show their impotence within that class. FmBaE a.GM AGAIN. Gensa, Dec. 34.-Enrico Ferri, the wel known Socialist deputy and crim inologist, has just returned from his lecture tour ie South America. Sigoo Ferri prophesies a great future for the Argentine Republic, and praises the aminable relations existing between the Italian immigrants and the natives. rADICAL AIINS IN FRAllB. A serutiny of the results of the elee tion held in France recently for mem bers of the chamber of deputies, shows that the radicals and radieal soeialists have made net gaain of 1 seats. The socialist independents gained two and the coaservatives one seat, while the progreaslsts lose 18. Thus it is seen that the eleetion has been a victory for the government anad particlearly for the radicals. IOSWAT. In Christiania free meals for under ted school children at the expense of the munclpality were first provided in 1897. Other scholars can partake of the meals on payment of 10 oere for s.hL dinner. The first yar the meals (aoe meal a day) east the town 50,000 crowns, and ia 1901 It had rises to 158,000. The Conservatives the be gas to complain that the "responsibil ity of parents" was being takes away, and very stringent regulations were adopted. Drilng 1906 to 1906 free meals were refused to 1,030 children. During the winter of 1907 to 1908 617, a38 free meals were give. In order to provide the mals cheaply the town has built its own large kitehem. This year the womae will for the first time be eligible for seats on the mu.leipality, and will also be able to ebrseise the suffrage. Os Tuesday of last week 37 sentences of death were passd in Russia, and 17 persons were exeeoted-ea orgy of murder l one siagle day. These are the mesas by whieh the Government of the Ciar trisa to uphold its power. Colonel LAskoff has bees recalled from Penias. The easu conferene of the 8wiss Socialists deelded to support an Initi stive for the introduction of the system of proportional representation into the esetiosm for the National ouasill. A protest was raised against the attempts made by the governmet to deprive the werkees as the governmet railways of their tights as voters. A resolution was passed making the members of the arty rg asat , the party press as well as the Paliamentary represeets tives, amenable to the party diseipline. hitherto the Swis party has been char acterined by everything rather thaw dles.plise. A eurious situatiSs osiss in regard to the centrl erges of the party, whieh for a time was published in "Zurich" in diret competition with as established party daily organ, so that fora time, at least, there weed two Soeialist da s is urich. Now, the "'rutliaaer" is transferred to Winter thur, but still the situation is curiou, as the central organ of he. party shbold appear in the cenatr, 1. ., the espital, or the most importat industrial centre. The Swim party is not yet a ulited party in po.t of fabt, and it was se. emsry to make allowances for diseord ant elements. However, it Is possible tht the resent resolution sows that that stage is pased. A vigorous resoltion was passed po t.ating against the etraditions f ue snin politiaes refugees, as in th e a of Vasmlleff. A dlssasa tooph k. I an a proposal to meoepollse the wheat to.de i4 the hekd ot the iqte, se it tim ,aped to sabset M. to erbai he-t wva~oas National I ATIONAL 00OOYITTUa MDTKON TO - W3IuRTD I DUm FOaM JANUART 1. Dee Moises, Iowa, Dee. 27, 1908. Dear Comrade: "I move that, in accordance with the suggestion of the National Executive Committee, we proceed to elect from the party membership an additional in. ternational seeretary, and that upon the election of such additional secretary we request the International Bureau that he be seated nla plece of the pres eat repreeentative of the Socialist La bor Party. Fraternally yours, (Signed) JOHN M. WORK, National Committeeman for Iowa. NOTIGQ TO THE MNATIONAL OOM MITTBB. The new Constitution, taking effect Jsa. 1, 1909, .ontains the following: See. 5, Art. IV. "No motion shall be submitted to a referndum of the Na tional Committee by correspondence unless supported within thirty days by not less than five members of the Na tional Committee from three different states. By a recent referendum E. W. Perrin, 311 Scott St., Little Rock, Ark., was elected a member of the National Com mittee. A very effective protest meeting was held in Milwaukee on the Rudowits ease. A permanent "Political Refugee League" was organised. Applieatios for membership eards containing pladge provision of the new Constitution, are ready for shipment. Price prepaid, 25 for 10; 50 for 15; 100 for 20r; 1,000 for $1.50. Eight or ten other eities in Wisconsin are conducting oceasional lectures so that altogether this is one of the moat oative winters in the propaganda work for Socialism that Wisconsin has had. The National Committee is now vot ing on Motion No. 40 which provides for ason appropriation of $1,000.00 from the fneds of the National Party to pnrchase sub cards of "The Soeialist" of Seattle, Wash. Vote will close Jan. 19th. The Natloaal Executive Committee adjourned at 1:40 p. a. Sunday, Deo. 30th, after being in session from Fri day morning, the 18th. The minutes of the meeting have bees printed and dis tributed in circulsr form. The Soeial-Demoeratie group elected to the Wiscosin State Legislature are busily at work preparing the legislative measures which they will introduee in the session of the state legislature which opens nert meeth. The South Slav workingmen, Idlud ing Servius, Belgarians and Crotains of San Praheiseo, Qait., have formed an ases.tion for the purpose of So cialist edusation and orgaimtion. The club meets every aturndy at Equality Hail, 139 Albion Avenue. Twelve different ekites is Wi.onsaln are conducting regula igetnoe eourses on Socialism this 'winter. The moseet of the locals are selling tickete to these courses, and thus covering the expenses and in some case, clearing a small profit. By a reeent refhtemdum L. 0. Pope, 712 Boe Bldg., St. Louis, Mo., was elect ed a member of the National Com -ittee, E. T. Behrenu, Sedalis, Mo., 110 E. Third St., was re-elected to the same position and Otto Psal, 212 8. Fourth Ut, St. Louis, was re-elected State secretary. Unusual interest is being manifested among the churches of Wisconsin in the subject of Socialism. Wausau, Weapun and Appleton churches have recently bed Comrade Thompson ad dress them on the subject. A church in Grand Rapids, Mich., has arranged to have Comrades Gaylord, Brown and Thompson speak to them on three sue seasive Sundays. The 11th Ward Idueatinoual Society of Misuk*ee is soedueting a lecture sourse on the bouth Side every alter. eIte Sunday afternamn. National Sec retary Barnes, Seymour Stedman, Tho. m Largsa, Mrs. A. M. Simons, and ether promlnent speakers from outside the state have been secured for this course, and the other dates are filled by Wiseomsla speakers. The offles of N Defeneor del Pueblo, SSpanish paper leost4 at Tueson, Aris., and which has been advocating the cause of the Mexlesan Libeal Party em bea s was wreLked on te ight of Dee. Ith, the press broker, the type scattered sand the entire issue of the paper otelen. The eausse of the outrage was eigplena$ly stated by a local of. f.ial Is the f9towlag loaguag. Pf'Dia. has, long arm." ,,.. ... ., .., : ." , ... ....c fs 'sC ubs sae WOMAK IU5rIAWi MOVY MENT. The Sorialist movement of the world is the only true movement for the emancipation of woman from social in equalities. Women is a sex slave be eause she is an economic slave. Per seoal freedom as the Socialist under stands it embraces women as well as men. Consequently the Socialists of every nation are strong i atheir ad vocaey of votes for women, and pro mote the suffrage cause at every oppor tunity. I need not here cite the re markable activity of the Finnish, the German, and the British socialists in this dire.-tion. It is in line with Marx's elictum that the emancipation of the working class must be the mark of the working class alone, that it is safe to asienerate that woman must make her own battle for freedom on the ground that she is a human creature struggling for a larger life. The tremendous ac tivity of the British woman suffragists bas inspired women of America who ad vocate this eause to renewed effort. The National Woman Suffrage Associ ation is preparing a monster petition for congress.- We Socialists know that with the woman question as with the labor question governments are not likely to pass measures to their ec onomic disadvantage. Stilt popular pressure has been a force that the ages have had to reckon with. And even petitions may be one way of edu'ating the petitioners themselves. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the International Woman Suffrage Association has sent 400 of these pe titions into Montana. They have been distributed as widely as possible so that those who eared to sign them might have the opportunity. At the request of Mrs. Catt we are printing this week the petition I athe News. There are probably many readers who will be glad to know of the work of this or ganization. MONSTB FPITITIOMN FO WOMAN SUmIAtGU. In an effort to silenece the oft reiterated statement that women do not want to vote, the euffragists of the United States are now engaged in securing sig natures to a petition asking Congress to submit to the Legislatures of the several States for ratification an Amendment to the National ('ontitu tion which shall enfranchise women. The work has been organised on a larger seale than ever before attempted and Ie in cherge of Mrs Carrie Chap mas Catt, the President of the Inter national Woman Suffrage Allance, who direets actiiies from a headquarters established for, this purpose at 29 East 29th St., New York City. Here a force of competent clerks and a body of volunteer helpers send out the blanks sad look after the returns. Mrs. CaSt L one of the beat known worker lha the woman suffrage cause in the world, was born in Wisconsia, reared and educated in Iowa, was the first woman reporter in the city of San Francisco, lived in the State of Wash ington and later removed to New York. Whenm San B. Anthony retired from the active leadership of the National American Woman Suffrage Association In 1900, Mrs. Chapman Catt was un saimously elected president. In 1904 she became president of the Interna tional Woman Suffrage Alliance, which in the few .hkot years of its existence has grows into an affiliation of Na tional organalmtions from sixteen coun tries. To the Semate aad Hose of Represeta tives of the United States. We, the undersigned eitisens of the United Btates, over 21 years of age, hereby petition your honorable body to submit to the Legislatures of the sev eral States for ratification an amead menet to the National Constitution which shall emable women to vote. Names Occupations Addresses Montana News readers who favor womas suffrage are requested by the National Ameriean Woman Suffrage Assoeiation to sign the above petition, eat out the coupon and mail it to Mrs. Carrie Chapima Catt, 29 E. 29th St., New York City, or to National Woman 8uffage Headquarters, Warren, Ohio. iPOmITIAL M MTHODI. Spel Talsa with Seack Platform When the nfferagiots of the nation go to eattle, Wash., next July for the 61st anual coonventioa of the National Amerean BSuffrage Association, a spee i41 day-light train, on the Northern Peeifie, wl earry delegates sad speak or from bpokmeo to Seattle. An ob eervation ear will be attsehed and stops will be amads i all poinst desired so that Rev. Anna H. Shaw sad others may make "back platform" spoahea Even the suffragistn are learnlag aem ga .etbods freom the Socialits. ZfLEIN'i OGIAND OLD MAN IN. NlW TOE. (Continued from page 1.) Private Ownerip OCreates Dvisio. But there is one thing more which has been a recognized not only by work ing people, but by thinkers in every grade of life; that the accumulation of wealth in private hands is becoming a menace to the liberties of the people. In many eases during industrial dis putes the capitalist classes are usurp ing what have hitherto been the func tions of the state, employing armed men and generally taking the law into their own hands. The private ownership of wealth creates artificial class distinctions. Tn the old country we have our aristo^ racy, our middle class and our work ing class. Man for man. you woull find that the same general ir.telligen^' applies to all three classes. The aris toeracy doesn't occupy its position of power be..ause of superior intelligence, ability or moral worth, but solely and exclusively because of possession of property. And so do we find that the posseswon of property in private bhands tends to divide the community into ar tificial clauses, not graded secordin; to ability or moral worth, but according to material possessions. Our chairman has referred to the South African war. We learned then that privatly owned wealth contr,,ll. the press and corrupts the senate and very often muzzles the pulpit for its own purposes. (Applause.) And so there is a growing revolt against this acceeumulation of wealth in pri-vate hands. And its possessors too art' be ginning to learn that wealth der not bring happiness. My famous (.ount, - man, Andrew Carnegie. as well known on this side of the Atlantic as he is on the other, in his most recent hook has stated perhaps the most pathetic fast which any man could pen.- that it's a rare thing to see a millionaire laugh. The Evolution of Industry. I am of thee who believe the task to be ans ipossible one. (Applause.) Coeomntratt of capital Is natural, logical and inevitable. We hear a great deal about the glory and the benefits of competition. A dozen men who are engaged in the same business have learned by experience that combination pays them better than cut-throat competition, and so they combine-very wisely, very properly. Capital is following the same lines of evolution as have brought the ex isting state into being. Far back in the records of history there was a time in the feudal states of Europe when there were barone, each man his neigh bor's equal, but in process of time these evolved kings. and kingdoms wre established, and still further in pro eese of time kingdoms evolved into em pires. And so, too, with capital. In its earlier days there was the private em ployer. Then came the company and mow comes the combination of compa nies. Ad faust as the commos people In times past found that monopoly of power by the king was a danger and a mnacse to them, so now the people are observing that the monopoly of land and eal.nt is threatening their liberties and must in sm way be met and over eows. (Applause.) Worerms Mut oembie. The power of king was broken by the people winning political freedom for themselves. Sometimes the fight was waged bloodlemly. Here in Ameri es your father. shed their blood gladly to win the right to call themselves free from the domination of teh kings of England. In France the power of the king and the aristocracy was broken in the throes of a bloody revolution. We of the labor movement, believing that Socialism offers the only solution of the industrial problem of the age, are seeking to teach the working class that itf they will bat ommbtle their politial power mad manrls it wiaely am wvell, the tim will cem when they win be as flly yrnfraaekhls tadMt'al ald so emamlaIly as they today ae potttleal ly. (Applause.) 8ocialism is a world movement. It commands at this moment ten million electors. That is the number of votes that have been cast for it in the most recent elections. It is being discussed more and more by thinking minds. We in the old country are gradually ap proximating toward the Boialist state. I o)metimes am amused to hear dia tribes against Soeialism from men who are themselves Soeialits up to the point at which the state serves their class in terests. As 8ir William Harcourt said some years ago, "We are all BSoeillet Whre aas InterMI latferem. The movement in Oreat Britain is gathering force among business men for the nationalization of railways, not be cause these men are Soeialists, but be easse they find that private ownership of railways hamper, and hinders their business and increases the cost of pro duetion, and to that etsent handicaps them in the world's markets. There fore they wean t wsate to nationailse railways. It its th terest that the state shoul. But these same men, when the work ilg elssu desire to seoialize the means of .g.odta.Uon, .the, food supply, the housing sapply, the clothing supply, cry out in indignation as though some now proposl were being put forward. Eve eare sa tho seemmntr, I repeat, approves and accepts scIfalism up to the point at whcht Its slam taterets are being served. What the Working Clas Is. We have now in Great Britain a growing movement for munecipallsation of tramways, electrical works, water works, workmen's dwellings, etc.; £300,000,000 worth of property have already been successfully socialized in the old country. The movement is com ing almost imperceptibly in regard to the conveniences of business and of life. But our contention has been sad still is that Socialism can never be ful ly established until the working class intelligently co-operate with the forces at work in bringing Socialiom into be ing. And when I specify the working clams I d(o not do so because I claim for that clans any special ability or any special moral adlvantage, but simply because It is the one section of the community which has no special interest to serve apart from the interest of the comm-sn ity as a whole. (Applause.) As John Stuart Mill pointed out, the working class is not a class. It is the nation. And the other classes, with all respect be it poken, are parasitic classes upon the community. (Applause.) And now, what have we in prospect in Englandfl We propose to begin chief ly by taxing land monopolies. The land of Great Britain is heldl as a closed preserve by our great aristocratic and monied families. The Chancellor of the Exchequer in the coming budget will probably make a beginning with a reform to effeet the obhtaining for the community of that social value which the work of the community gives to land by the very presence of a working class population upon it. Taxation of land values is one of the movements which are rec'eiving increasing atten tion on the other side of the Atlantic. And with that goes the taxation of un earnedl incomes from every source. Unity ssuntial. These, then, ladies and gentlemen, are the outlines-very crudely put, I am afraid-of the movement which is now making such headway in Great Britain and other parts of the old world, a movement destined I believe to go on acquiring strength and cohesion until the time comes when the working class will be the masters of the destinies of nations. I believe that the misery of the world comes from the rule of small classes. Given a rule of the people, the whole people, by statesmen and thinkers evolved from their own ranks, and a much brighter day would dawn for the community. But if that day is to come there must be unity nl the ranks of the working clas itself. That which sakes the ethe class powerful is the diseord and want of uaty tin the workling class movemat. (Applause.) When we remember the millions who compose the working clas, the varie ties of religious differences that keep them separated, the agencies at work to foment strife and keep them divided, we realise the magnitude of the task of those who set themselves the work of uniting them. But as you, sir, mid at the opening, Oiven the men, and every thing else will follow. One strong an living in a Ieomm- ity, worktng for an udeal, will stract to himself all that is best and truest In that ommuity n ha elpIng him to re.l. is the ambition of his life. A ll to the Young. And thoee of you who are just begin. sing life's journey, who unlike myself still have life moeetly before you, let me ask you not to dismiss Socialism tightly, as a thing of small or of no ac count. Every age of the world has re quired its great cause to inspire men and women to noble and heroic deeds. One of the complaints justly leveled against the present age is that it is sordid and mean, and lacks high Ideals. There are still Holy GOrall to be striven for. There is still secrifiee required in bringing a higher Ideal than now exists into the lives of the people. And if a young man or a young woman of this age will but throw tem lves iate the movement for freeing the world from the curse of poverty with all its attendant train of evils, they will find work worthy of their better selves and will themselves gaa from the work they udertake. In the words of one of the men who helped to make this nation, who helped to give this nation its standing in the world of letters "God give us men. A time like this demands Great hearts, strong minds, true faith and willing hands; Men whom the lst of office does not hill, Men whom the spoils of office cannot buy, Men who possesse opinions and a will, Men of honor, men who will not lie." The labor movement in Great Britain has many defects, many failures, but at least the aen and women who compose it believe a the deal t~ n e striving for, sad in that belief make what mo ritiee they are called upon to make to have it realised at the earliest poiable moment. (Applause.) -New York Evening Call.