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TSBE ONTANA NEW.
Ownei mnd P.mlhed by the SocaLtst Party of Moantam. IJSUED WEEKLY. OFFICE 10 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 083 Entered at the Post Office for trans mission through the mail at second class rates. Address all communications and make all Money payable to the Mon tans News. IDA CVROUCH-HAZLE IT Idlter sad Manager. 8UBSCRIPTIONS: One Year ..................... 60c Six Months ................... 250 One cent per copy In bundles up to 500 ate Eertidve Committee. L. J. Duncaa.................. Butte J. M. ru.................... Boseman T. D. Caulfield ........... Missoula National Headquarters, Mahlom Barnes. Secretary. Rooms 300-303. Boylston Bldg., Dearborn St., Chicago. IlL State Secretary. JA8. D. GRAHAM. MORE WORKERS. The" crying need of the Socialist party at this stage is more workers. lbtter posted workers, local workers who know how to go at the Socialist party work. There are persons by the score anxious and ncapble ofl ,f doing this work if they ,were only trained into what is wanted. The w riter of te.n lfinds wom' n at out of the way points, tilled with enthuasia.nm f'or the cause of the p 'eople. T'hes, women are frequeintly poor and sý lf-sulpp.lrt ing. If they w.rt train d to th, So cialist work th. y . ouli not only be able to make a living but to take up and handle the local work at points all over the country, for w hich there is such crying need. Tbh greatest. most crying need of the Socialist par ty at the present time is workers who will stay and take;, control of local points, see that the local officers do their duty, collect du, s. conduct meetings, gather all voting Socialists into an organization, distribute and sell literature, push the work on county and city tickets, and do all these numerous things for the lack of which our movement is so deplorably weak at local points. Where a local point has competent people who will do this work, such professional work ers are not needed. But hundreds of points have actually no one who is capable of doing this work to a suc cessful result. In consequence there is simply a disconnected mass of aim less voters, who do nothing else, who are Incapable of forming a political machine, and can render no effective service to the cause of the working clam. It is time the Socialist party had a training school for workers. It should be at the national headquar tersn, and should be maintained by the national organisation. Then these hundreds of eager young men and wo men who long to do something to ad vance the army of revolution will be come trained for the conflict that is ahead of us, and will not be making over the old mistakes that as often disrupt and ruin a party as advance it. Some persons are afraid there will be no "lncentive" under a system that gives them all they produce instead of one-fifth of it. THE PARTY OF THE WORKING CLA88. It looks as though we had passed the danger that the working class of Americs were going to throw thair energy into a labor party distinct from I'"e Socialist party. The action of Gompers last fall and the great mas.ss of orgai.ir d labor that fu' lowed him into the shambles of sup porting the democratic party, pro claimed one step, clear and compre hensible, that the idea had penetratlJ the mentality of American labor that it must take up the political question, to safeguard itself and its organisa tions.. Fortunately for the futare of the laboring classes, the Bryan pro gram proved a laughable fiasco. Bry an is dead, Bryanism is dead, the democratic party is dead as a potent possibility, and the American Federa tion of Labor and imitating organisa tions are still partyless. But the arm of awakened British labor stretches across the seas. Kier Hardle, the grand old man of English labor, has his finger on the pulse of the international labor movement. He came from beholding the woes of the suffering and oppressed workers of India, under the merciless lash of the British masters, hailed as the beloved and honored of the British toilers. Hardie has arisen as the type of the worker who perceives the destiny of hlmself and of his class. Toiling in the coal mines from early youth the horrors of the exploitation of do tenseless poor like himself was grav en on his soul. Into the labor mo' - ment he came, and into the Socialist ranks. The Social Democratic Federation was making little headway among the workina class. Lebknecht came from Germany to England In 1896, on the Marx anniversary. He addressd the Soeial Democratic Federation. He reproved it for its attitude towards organised labor. He said that ln ang land the bocialists antagonlsed the unions while the splendid and pro gressing German movement worked patiently and fraternally with every poslble need of labor. Kler Hardie heard his speech and took heed. He left on a trip to study the Socialist movements of Belgium. Holland and Germany, with their splendid achievements In working class solidarity and progress, the homes and clubs of the people, the co-operative industry, and the large parliamentary representation; came back, and organised the Independent Labor Party. The large Socilist and labor group in the British parliament and the awakening of British labor to a sense of political power is the result. But across the deep American labor still flounders, and votes the tickets of its masters, while it quivers under the lash of injunctions, bullpens, anti labor legislation and governmental onslaughts on its treasuries. The grievance of labor is international, and in the heat of the campaign last fall Hardie sailed for America and Canada. The. Socialists thought they could count on the tremendous might his assistance would give. But he made no speeches under the direction of the Socialist party. lie spoke in stead under the Federat.d Trades Council of New York. And the news went forth that he had said that the American Socialist party did not rep r. sent the working class and did not hate its support. It was said that his intention was to form the Ind,. pendent Ial,or Party in Canada. Klr I Hardie is again in Amn.rica. This timn rumor carries the message that he is to form an Independent La bor. Party with the assistance of the American Federation of Labor. Again he spoke in New York and tells of the progress for labor's relief the parlia menntary Socialist contingent has been able to effect this last year-the old age pension act, the eight-hour law for the coal miners. The power and weight of the convention of the Unit ed Mine Workers of America was ex pected to be a favorable opportunity to launch an American Independent Labor Party. But Hardle was study ing the political situation of the working class carefully and cautious ly. The Indianapolis convention proved to be a tower of strength in Socialism. The Socialist group among the delegates held the balance of power. The ablest men among the oficals of the organisation proved to be Socialists. When the debate came up on the formation of an Inedepen dent Labor Party the Socialists so valiantly defended their position that the American labor movement had the least possible labor party in the large and developing Socialist party. that the motion for the new party was overwhelmingly defeated. The reac tionaries (the republicans and demo crats), as usual, assisted the pro gressives (the Socialists) In defeating the half-way people. And Hardle has asserted, confidently at last, that the American Socialist party fills the neee of an Amdrican labor party. So we are past the danger of the democracy as a pitfall for labor; we are past the inspired Hearst radical ism in the Independence League; we are past that snare in American poll tics of a deceptive labor party. For after all, the laboring class of each nation must meet its dangers In Its own way, and American labor is too familiar with capitalist political tricks in the formation of such abortions as the Heinse labor party to seriously contemplate any genuine assistance from such quarters. There is no relief for labor any where but in a progressive, construe tive Socialist party-a party that picks its way towards the only reliet from exploitation, In the abolition of the weapons of exploitation-the pri vately owned job. May American la bor soon awaken to vitality and pur post along this line. Did you vote for the system that throws you out of a job? How much a man believes in Io clalism is measured by how much he will do for It. "The labor of the mechanical fac tory puts the wageworker in touoh with terrible natural forces unknown to the peasant, but instead of being mastered by them he controls them. • " * The practice of the mod ern workshop teaches the wage worker scilentific determinism, with out his needing to pass through the theoretical study of the sciences." Lfarque. T11I LAW O! WAOII. Und. the present system of pre dr,, '~v he average wages a limited to the neceeary means of substene. This has been disputed by earita political economsets. In oppeities they asert that the price of labor Is regulateod by the demand fore t as compared with the supply of it. The people who assert this look upon la bor as they do upon any other kind of merchandise, and they do this quite rightly, for it is with labor as with merchandise or wares, Its price Is de termined by demand and supply. But what is It that regulates, that deter. mines the market prioe between de mand and supply? As we have al ready een. this is determianed by the cost of production. There Is only one m*4*ure for everythlang that comes on the market, whether it be Chinese porcelain, American cotton, Iwlfoe. tidae, Circaian slave girls or Uuro pean workers; that measure is to be found in the demand for and the sup ply of the article, and the average re lation of demand and supply is ulti mately determined by the cost of production. How much, then, does It cost to produce a worker? Evidently Just so much as is required to enable another worker to obtain the absolutely neces sary means of subsistence for himself and his family. Give him this and he will provide the youngster fast enough, though not solely, perhaps, for the capitalist's sake, and will not even require to be tempted by a profit as do the producers of other wares. In short, wages under free compe tition, or the cost of production of labor, consist solely of the cost of pro ducing workers. Where it is customary to employ children in the factories there a fresh ealculation is madne. It is very soon found that the father does not require the means of subsistence, say. for a family of av, rage number, but can do with less, as the children themselves contribute toward their ow~ support. It re.quires no explanatiotn to show that of all producers the seller of Ia Itor is most unfavorably situated un der the system of competition. Where would the sellers of other wares be if they could not keep their produce back when the demand was slack? The at ller of labor cannot do this. He must sell. Hunger compels him. Further, when the price of labor rises it only makes the lot of the workers ultimately worse, for It brings about an increase in the number of work nrs. Neither need we explain how it is that no charitable employer can alter this. Whoever attempts to do so is struck down by the dagger of competition.-Ferdinand Lasalle, in "What Is Capital." SOCIALIST SCHOOLS. . The following statement by the secretary of the Socialist Sunday School Union has been assued: "'The Socialist Sunday School Union takes this opportunity to announce to the radical public the existence of five flourish Bocalist schools in various parts of Brooklyn and New York. "'The aim and purpose of these schools is double, via.: The destruc tive work of tearing down old super stitious Ideas of territorial patriotlsm, fixed ideas and ideals on matters In general and working class in particu lar, and the contsructive work of pre paring the future citisen for the co operative commonwealth by giving them unlimited, scientific facts con cerning the development of society from its primitive condition to its present industrial status of civillsa tion, leading them through the differ ent stages and changes to the pres ent need of emancipating the wage slave and establishing the industrial republic. "'The public school system, supple mented by the Sunday schools, form the bulwark of capitalism, by keeping the minds of our future men and women befogged as regards the eco nomic interpretation of history and present conditions of society. It is our duty to counteract such influences. The teachers of the various Socialist Sunday schools, together with others deeply interested in the work, or ganlsed the Socialist Sunday School Union in order to more effectively or ganise and systematize both the schools and course of study that is already in the making. "We appeal to every Socialist capa ble of assisting this important move ment, either by teaching or other wise, to join us. Advertise our schools among your friends. 'The meetings of the S. S. S. U. are held in the afternoon of every first Saturday of the month at the RAND SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE, 11I BAST 19TH STREET. The next meetings will be held at the above ad dress at 3 p. m., January 1. "'. u can make an excellent begin 0' ., of the new year by coming to this meeting, determined to Join in the work. "All communications should be ad dressed to "SECRETARY SOC. S. S. U., "Rand School, 1131 est 19th Street, New York City." The Natlaons Committee motion proposed by John Heael. P. P. O'Hare and C. C. Roy of oklahoma, arst published Jan. 1, has been sup ported by National Committee Mem ber J. W. Perrin of Arkansaa. "lor our party and for our party taotles there Is but one valid beads the beads o the else struggle, out of which the oolalist party has sprung up. and out of whloh alone it can draw the necessary strength to bid deoance to every storm and to all its enemles."-Llebkaeeht Dr. GEO. L. TAYLOR. DBNTIST Cor. Grand & Jackson St. Opp. Telephome Eachasge "besus Montana To Start the Day Right Include In the eusentials for breakfast as many of the Model Bakery's FINE, FRESH CRISP ROLLS as you may have appetite for. The more you eat 'em the better you like 'em. Carry that name around with you for a day or two until you get it fixed. WARNKEN & SANDBOM Proprietors 153 N. Main St. Helena. Mont. JONES' NEW STONE OPERA HOUSE CENTRALLY LOCATED R. W. JONES. Mgr. Kendall, - - nontani Send In Your Subscription to the Montana News "Machine Politics", $7.60 per 100 10c a copy. "Primary Principles" Leaflets, 20 cents per 100. " Five Half-Yearly Sub Cards for $1.00. Farm ers and Wage work ers iat the thing to drealate among the members of the Uo cler of F.elty. Abows bow the farmer I. exploited as well as the dty worker. Union men should ee that farmers read it a w it wil reate a bond of sympathy between farmers and wage workers, dur lag the days of a strike. Order from the Montane. News $1.00 for 100 copies TRY OtJ $3.50 and $4.00 DRESS SHOES Umqualed for style, lit aid seru UNION MADE LOUIS ARNOLD 13 South Main Two Doers North of amilly Theatre. LOCAL ORBAT FALLS, of the Socialist Party. Meets every Sunday at Uilon Hall at 8 p. a Wm. PALSGROVI. Secy. 81S 7th Avenue LOCAL HELENA, of the Social. let Party Meets every Thursday evening at Montana News Omce JOHN TAYLOR. Seey. LOCAL LIVINGSTON, of the Sociallst Party AMlieta every second and fourth Wed nesday evening In Trades & Labor liall, oiposate Opera Hlouse. Translint comrades Invlte-d to attend. ALVA MAYNE DRY GOODS, LADI)IES' GENTS FURNISHINGS Large Stock of Spring Goods just arrived LIVINGSTON, MONTANA GO TO TAYLOR rhe Lemad Pa srg g r, a Up-to-Dat Work Over Goeet Nerthera Omel Moal I R.NA, MONT. s YOWUNG! Traces of Ae. Wrtnkles. Grayeess aldaem. earn be removed by secret formulas. langredleat cheap ead rample. Iead 5 cesats for al eoe formula, or I0 onat for all three Addrem M B. M., 1431 Iewis rt., Helt ean, Most. FAMILY THEATER 15.I Sleo Mean le VamNvlls. Three Show. dally Open year aro sd Beeler's Cafe Is the Cheape sad aear Pl!ce to Tows Ty oa WAFFLES They esl Mke "lOTCAXSS" I l. Malm . * Rdma, Meat. Queen City Hotel and Restaurant CON V. R3313, PrmpLstr. MEALS AT ALL HOURS Rooms Use asd 50 191 3. Male It. eiims, Meat. TedL N. ST*IRed Mn Ge. Celsa Private Hospital On GIOLT 106 Besdferd as. daema. Mal. Notice to Locals Lena Morrew Lewis will lecture in Montana, during the month MARCH Losak Lndevring to eC(ure her' for Lenture Mboukl fIk* appil plkiation with Ns.tate Seere tary at OInc, NO as to avokl dlappolstlmehet. Locals In tilhe likMw les wihkii elcltlons are to he hekld Msouki arrangie a MeCN of nectlng for her. orld You Like to Look Youeg? WOULD YOU UIKE TO FEEL YOUNG ? Send One Dollar for a admple secret that will accomplish wonderful results In making a complexion of Milk and Rosew, perfecting the form and re moving any and all disease from the aystm. Or, send $1.25 and secure above secret of Youth and Beauty and a dainty booklet of Invaluable lanstruc tions for any woman over twenty. A lovely Hollay ift. Addre. M. . M., 1431 Lewis . Helena, Most. IfYouWork feor Livinit hould htwe yeou to know von get in wag a ' p ; that wbe leerC- to w wn swoot ith wm t o om b ve to Wwok. his bbookt by the setest of S elkan writers es nsee ue nd thw they s an wlued. tandMan afod roerelv o e tllhevlupbe pr em ms tinklng. Crhe, fo paper ae . cU. u m, m ad o om un , vet Se 1 and self addresed stamped enavelope to M. 3. M., 1431 Lewis t., Helena, Mont PRBS PRSauUts TIE ANACONDA STANDARD'S Big Offer send $10.00 for one year in ad vance subscription to the Daily and Suaday Standard and receive one of the valuable premiums listed below tree of charge. U. S. FLAGO, audse of wool bundagy, sisadned sise, S feet by 5 feet. WITUEOSCOPE and 100 VIEWS THE WORLD PIHOIOGRAPHED COHMMERCIAL FOUNTAIN PEN COMMERCIAL WITLO INK PENCIL Write for booklet giving full de scription of each. The Anaconda Standard ANACONDA, MONT.