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PUT IN TUE SICELE. Now the kings grow lean as they alt. The people grow strong to stand; The men they trod on and spat. The dumb, dread people that sat As corpses cast in a pit Rise up with God on their hand, And thrones are hurled In a heap, And strong men sons of the land Put in the sickles and reap! The dumb dread people that eat All night without screen for the night, All day without food for the day, They shall not give their harvest away, They shall eat of the fruit and was tat, They shall see the desire of their sight, Though the ways of the seasons .be steep. They shall climb with face to the light, Put in the sickles and reap. --Swinburne. THE DEAD LEVEL OF EQUALITY. (By Clell G. Fowler.) One of the hoary untruths that bob up with incredulous persistency is that "Socialism will reduce mankind to the dead level of equality." The obvious silliness of the conten tion has been exposed so repeatedly that writers and speakers making it at this late hour reflect both upon their sincerity and intellectual capacity. The hld maxim, "L)iscretion is the better part of valor," seems to have been forgotte.n .y some. contributors to the current literature who endeavor to annihilat.e the Socialist philosophy at on,. f.ll - sw,-p. A Ilitical movement of the work ing rclans numll, ring its adutlherents by the millio,ns. International in scope and chara.ter and having a common ulti mate aim in ivery civilized country of the earth, the so~ialization of the ma chineIry of production upon which the p,0ol.' collectively depend, with its Ira\e and devoted me.n and women, comrad, n all, working incessantly among the exploited of the nations, lpr. ailing over the four quarters of the' globe the Socialist idea of econ omic evolution, revolution and social reg..neration, affrighting the poten tates of semi-feudal monarchies, filling Sith fe ar and consternation the oll garchs of "ideal" capitalist republics- a movement of this character and quality is not to be repulsed or shamed by slanderous insinuations that the thing and its promoters "would re duce to a dead level." But there is a virulent and terrible something that does reduce to a dead level, and its name is Capitalism. The levelling DOWN process of capitalism manifests itself in a num ber of ways. In less than three months after the initial crash in the panic from which the country has not yet recovered its equilibrium, three million workers were thrown out of employment No longer able to market their labor power and having no other means of support, thousands took their places in the "bread lines" of the cities. There was "equality" in the bread lines, even to the division of the food, and there was a suggestion of the dead level. But it was not Socialism. It was Capitalism. More than one million children un der fifteen years of age are wearing out their young lives in the fields, fee tories, mines and workshops. Chil dren should betaught to draw," says Mrs. Carter of Wichita, "to model In clay, paint, sing, and they ought to get acquainted with bees, birds, but terflies and know all the flowers and trees by name." Well, these children have been re duced to the dead level of equality. Socialism will construct for them a new environment. Capitalism will continue to make their present environment worse. Mr. Jacob A. Rile, in "How the Other Half Uves," has said that in .eight years 135,595 families in New York were registered as asking for or receiving charity; also that for five years past one person in every ten who died in the metropolis was buried in the Potter's Field. These effects of a cause cannot be be traced to Socialism. Something is fast reducing humanity to the dead level of equal poverty. Capitalism is that monstrous force. The Socialist idea of equality is con 5si ent. It means equality of oportun ity. The cailtlllst idea of equality is a travesty. It means "Every man for himself and the devil for us all." Under Socialism the lifting-up pro cem will be well under way. New incentives will spur men to nobler achievements, "the glory that was Greece and the grandeur that was Rome" will fade into comparative In significance in the bright light of the Better Day. International A TATE COAL MINE. Encouraged by the success of the State Cold Storage Works and similar eaterprisee, the labor government of South Auteralla has declded to acquire a coal mine for use in connection with the State railways, etc. As there are no coal supplies in the state itself, the government is negotiating for the pur chase of a mine in New South Wales. It is noteworthy that although New South Wales Is rich in coal, it is con tent to leave its mines to the exploita tion of private capitalists, although the state railways are by far the largest coal consumers. Needless to say, the majority of the citisens of New South Wales are consistently anti-Labor and anti-Socialist. Enrico Ferrl, the well known Soci alist deputy aid criminologist of Italy has been on a speaking rur through the Argentine Repu dic, South America., and says Socialism i. making rapid progress in that country SOCIALIST GAINS IN GERMAN MU' NICIPAL ELECTIONS. Rlxdorf. Germany, Jan. 25.-The Socialists have gained a great victory here, electing six Social-Democrats !,ut of ten seats from this place. The fi' seats are a clear gain. as in every In stance the litberals were replaced In the reichstag. The successful Social Democrats are: Franke, lHoppe. Fisch er, Schuch, Itohr and Zeppwelsel. li: turns from the municipal electins throughout the Black Forest antd South Bavarian districts indicate grnat gains for the Social-Democrats evti.rv where. In Ebersgrund and Ith,-in:' dorf, Socialist mayors were electil.: In Schneeberg the Social-Delmocrat, elected the entire municipal coune I of six. In IIchtenhain, near ena, the en tire council is now composed of Socla. Democrats for the first time in the history of the commune, this election showing a clear Social-Democratic gain of five seats in the council. In Unterwitzbach. the elections were held for two seats in the council and the Social-Democrats gained both. Here in Munich at the judicial elections the Social-Democrats for the first time in the history of the city have succeeded in electing party members to the mag istracy. Two Socialists were among those chosen. The party is celebrating the victory in approved style by pa rades and processions. The Catholic Bocialist Society is an organization that is sweeping through Scotland in a manner that is start ling capitalism. Two years ago the first local organisation was formed in Olascow. Now there is a branch of the society in every city and town of importance in Scotland and the movement has spread into England. The Catholic Socalist Society is en deavoring to break down the preju dice that has existed among the mem bers of that denomination against So clalism. The Catholic Socialist, a weekly paper, is about to be launched. Many priests have expressed sympathy with the movement. WIPE OUT IIORDI London. Jan. 30.-Political develop meats of the last days have shown conclusively that England is ap proaching the most startling crisis it has known in three-quarters of a cen tury. The existence of the house of lords is at stake. No such Important con stitutional issue has been raised in Great Britain since 1332, when the right of franchise, previously based strictly on property quallfcatlons, was made practically universal. The lords have been attacked be fore. but never very seriously. It looks now as if their years-it not their days-es a legislative body are numbered. Ending the old English system of hereditary law-making will Involve practical reconstruction of the country's constitution. Win Wipe Out the Peers Nine out of ten Englishmen have long regarded the peers as a foolish anachronism. Bound as the nation is, to precedent, however, it has been hard to Inasuurate a vigorous move ment toward reform. At last the lib erals-the dominant British political party-have declared they will never rest until some form of elective upper house of parliament is substituted for the present hereditary one. For three years the liberals have been In oioe with an overwhelming majority In the house of commons. Allowing for all possible combinations against them, they have approximately 100 on any party 'esus. But despite their numer loal superiority they have been pran. tically impotent. The peers have thwarted them at every turn. National WISCONSIN. The fight of the Social-Democrats for the public schools was renewed In the Milwaukee city council last Mon day. Alderman Melms (Social-Demo erat) made another warm plea for the schools. He pointed out that with the exception of St. Louis and Buffalo there was no other city of its asim in the United States with as small an annual appropriation for the public schools a 'Milwaukee. His arguments seemed to have some weight, for upon the rollcall the council lacked only one vote of passing the full appropriation of 8360,000 for the school fund. The nine Social-Democratic aldermen, of course, all voted In the affirmative. As a compromise. $245.000 was voted. This was at least a gain from the con temptible sum of $120,000 with which Mayor Rose wanted to put off the pub lic schools. Thus our Social-Demo cratic aldermen have made a fine rec ord in their war against illiteracy. During the long fight over the Unit ed States senatorship In the Wisconsin legislature, one result comes out the same on each ballot: "Itummel (Social Democrat), 4." Persecution seems to be helping the Socialist cause in Two Rivers. Com rade Althen, editor of the Two Rivers Rleportr,. it will be remembered, was found guilty of criminal libel for ex posing a graft case. He was fined $168. But that simply woke up our people. Mass meetings were held last Saturday and Sunday in Manitowoe and Two Rivers. In vain did the wotst blizzard of the year conspire to aid the capital istic forces. Comrade Thompson walked to Two Rivers, when the cars could not run, and good audiences turned out at both meetings in spite of the storm. A collection was tuken up which covered the entire amount of the fine. Pest of all, the affair has stirred up the community and excited new interest in our movement. Let the capitalists keep up their Irosecu tions! It is only grist for our mill. The National Executive Commit tee, which convened at 1 p. m. Friday, Jan. 22, adjourned at 1:20 p. m. Sun day, Jan. 24. The minutes of the ses sion have been printed in circular form and sent out to the weekly mail ing list. National Committee Motion No. 1, upon which the vote closed an. 26 and providing Esperanto as the offi cial language of the International So clalist congress, was defeated by the following vote: Yes, 2; No, 61; not voting. 12. Six members of the Na tional Committee in excess of the number allowed by the apportion ment, are carried on the list owing to the failure on the part of the state organizations to report the members who should be dropped. STATE CONVENTION IN MICHIGAN A delegate state convention will be held in Grand Rapids, Mich., at 11 o'clock Friday morning, Feb. 12, for the purpose of nominating candidates for Justices of the supreme court, two candidates for the oMfce of regents of the- university, one candidate for the office of superintendent of public in struction, one candidate for member of the state board of education, and six candidates for the state board of agriculture. Also for the transaction of such business as may come before the convention. The basis of repre sentation by counties wii be one dele gate for each of the 83 counties and one additional delegate for each 100, or a major fraction of votes cast for secretary of state in the 1908 elec tioa. Saturday, Feb. 6, is named for holding county conventions for elect Ing delegates. SOCIALIS' ACTIVE IN PIT'TBURG John Spargo will speak in Wilmer ding, Pa., Friday evening, Feb. 12, in Homestead Saturday evening, Feb. 13, and in Liberty hail, 401 Liberty avenue, Pittsburg, Sunday evening, Feb. 14. His meetings will undoubt edly equal those spoken at by May Wood-Simons. Application has been made for securing John Brown for three dates in Pittsburg also. Any local that desires to have him speak under its auspices should make ap plication immediately. Sunday after noon, Feb. 14, a general membership meeting wll be held in Liberty hall. A financial secretary will have to be elected and many other matters of importance wll have to be passed upon. Seymour Steadman will be in the state the last of the month and any branch desiring his services should communicate with the head quarters without delay. J. W. Slay ton, organiser, will debate with H. Clay Rockwell of New York In East Liverpool Thursday, Feb. 11. "Socialism does not require a change In human nature, but hu man nature does require a change In society. And that change is Socalism." SWomen's Clubs WRYI WOMEN SHOULD V&i. [ (By Alice Stone Blackwell.) 1. Because it is fair and right that those who must obey the laws should have a voice In making them, and that those who must pay taxes should have a vote as to the sise of the tax and the way it shall be spent 2. Because the moral, educational. and humane legislation desired by wo men would be got more easily If wo men had votes. New York women have worked in vain for years to se cure a legislative appropriation to found a state industrial school for girls. Colorado women worked in vain for one till they got the ballot; then the legislature promptly granted it. 3. Because laws unjust to women would be amended more quickly. It cost Massachusetts 55 years of effort to secure the law making mothers equal guardians of their children with the fathers. In Colorado, after wo men were enfranchised, the very next legislature granted it. After more than half a century of agitation by women for this reform, only 13 out of our 45 states now give equal guard ianship to mothers. 4. Because disfranchis,.ment helps to keep wages down. lion. Carroll D. W~rlght, national commissioni.r of la bor, said in an adldress delivered at Rmith college on ieb. "2, 1902: "Th. lack of direct political influence co' stitutes a powerful reason why wo men's wages have been kept at a miq Iinum." 5. flecause equal suffrage would in crease the proplortion of ,dlecat,.d vo\ ,rs. The high schools of every state in ti,' union are. graduating nmor.' girls than boys-often twice or three time as many. (lleport of ('ommisilons r of Education.) 6. lca.lus. It would incr, as- the proportion of native-born x.oters. In the three years from Jun. ::0. 1900, t. June 30, 1903, ther, landed in tit: United States 1,.14,622 fuor ign men. and only 561,746 foreign women. (lHe port of Commissioner (;.ne.ral of Imn migration.) 7. Btcause it would increias. th', moral and law-abiding vote very much while increasing the vicious and crim Inal vote very little. The U. S. Census I of 1890" gives the statistics of men and women in the states prisons of the different state.s. Omitting fractions. they are as follows: In the District of Columbia, wo men constitute 17 per cent of the pris oners; in Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 14 per cent; in New York, 1::; in Louisiana, 12; in Virginia, 11; in New Jersey. 10; In Pennsylvania and Maryland, 9; in Connecticut, 8; in Ala bama, New Hampshire, Ohio and South Carolina, 7; in Florida. Maine. Mississippi, New Mexico and Tennes see, 6; in Georgia, Illinois, Indiana. Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina and West Virginia, 5; in Ar kansas and Delaware, 4; in California, Minnesota. North Dakota, Texas and Vermont. 3; in Colorado, Iowa, Mon tanas Nebraska and Utah, 2; in Ari sona, Kansas, Nevada, and South Da kota, 1; In Washington, four-fifths of 1 per cent; In Oregon and Wisconsin, two-fifths of one per cent; in Wyg ming and Idaho, none. 3. Because it leads to fair treat ment of women in the public service. In Massachusetts the average pay of a female teacher is about one-third that of a male teacher, and in almost al the states it is 6inequal. In Wyo ming and Utah the law provides that they shall receive equal pay for equal work. (Revised Statutes of Wyoming, Section 614; Revised Statutes of Utah, Section 1353.) 0. Because legislation for the pro teoeton of children would be secured more easily. Judge Lindsey, of the Denver Juvenile court, writes In Pro gress for July. 1904: "We have in Col orado the moat advanced laws of any state in the union for the care and protection of the home and the chil dren. These laws, in my opinion, would not exist at this time it it were not for the powerful influence of wo man suffrage." 10. Because it is the quietest, easu eat, most dignified and least conspicu ous way of Influencing public affairs. It takes much less expenditure of time, labor and personal presence to go up to a ballot box, drop in a slip of paper, and come away, than to persuade a multitude of miscellaneous voters to vote right. 11. Because it would make women more broad-minded. Prof. Edward H. Grigga says: "The ballot is an edu cator, and women will become more practical and more wise in using It." 12. Because woman's ballot would make it harder for notoriously bad candidates to be nominated or elected. In the equal suffrage states, both par ties have to put up men of respectable character or lose the women's vote. 13. It would increase women's In fluence. Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford, president of the Colorado State Feder ation of Women's Clubs, said at the National Convention fla shrdlu aoinnn National Suffrage Convention, In Washlngton in February, 1904: "Instead of woman's influence being lessened by the ballot it sl greatly In creased. Last year there were so many members of the legislature with bills which they wanted the club wo men to indorse that the social science department of the state federation had to sit one day each week to confer with these legislators who were seek ing our Indorsement. Club women outside the suffrage states do not have this experience." 14. Because it would help those wo men who need help the most. Theo dore Roosevelt recommended woman suffrage in his mesage to the New York legislature. On being asked why, he is reported to have answered that many women have a very hard time, working women especially, and if the ballot would help them, even a little, he waa/ willing to see it tried. Mrs. Maud Nathan, president of the National Consumers' League, said in an address at the National Suffrage Convention In Washington in Febru ary, 1904: "My experience in investi gating the condition of women wage earners warrants the assertion that some of the evils from which they suf fer would not exist if women had the ballot. * * * In the states where women vote, there is far better en forcement of the laws which protect working girls." 15. Because it Is a maxim in war, "Always do the things to which your adversary particularly objects." Ev ery vicious interest in the country would rather continue to contend with woman's indirect influence than try to cope' with woman's \,ot. 16. Btcause expeljrience' has provied it to 1,e guood. Wo.tmin have for years bu-n voting, literally ly hundreds of thouslandls, in E:ngland. ,S'otland. Ir - land. .\nstralia. New Zaland, C'anadln. THE MAJESTIC BUFFET Herman Schnick. Prop. THE BEST OF EV.RYTHING ALWAYS IN STOCK Library in Connection with the best of Socialist Literature LEWISTOWN, MONT. Next Door to Postoff ce 153 eFourth Ave -II Anton Mlekush John Gollmyer THE PARK BEER HALL BEST BEER IN TOWN EIGHT YEAR OLD PANkMA CLUB RYE AND LEXINGTON BELLE SOUR MASH WHISKY Uvlngston 103os rE Park Montaa ?5he Butterick Publishing Co. of New York City Publishers of the DELINEATOR and the DESIGNER, and the NEW IDEA, the STANDARD, MARTHA DEAN. and LA BELLE Patterns, has Instl tuted proa.edlngs In the Federal Court at Helena, asking for an Injuncton against certain Labor Organlnatlons in Montana, and also asking for $Si,@O* damages, sustained by reason of an al leged boycott levied against the publi cations of the aforesaid Butterkck Company THE DELINEATOR THE DESIGNER and THY NEW IDEA THYP TANDARD MARTHA DEAN and LA BELLE Patteins WHICH ARE UNFAIR TO ORGANIZED LABOR Organised Workingmen and their Wives and their 8ympathlsers will remember that they cannot now, nor at any future time, be corn pelled to purchase the UNFAIR PUBLICATIONS OF The Butterick Publishing Comyany Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Utah and Idaho. In all these places put to gether, the opponents have not yet found a dozen respectable men who assert over their own names and ad dresses that the results have been bad, while scores of prominent men and women testify that it has done good. An ounce of fact is worth a ton of theory. *The figures from the census of 1900 are not yet tabulated. PRIEST WORKS AGAINST THE SOCIALIgTs. Through the efforts of a Polish Catholic priest, who looks upon So clalism as a dangerous thing, a mas querade ball which was to have been held under the auspices of the Polish Socialist local of East Chicago, Ind., had to be called off. The priest used his religious influence on the hall owners and forbade them to rent their property to Socialists. The re sult of this action was that the Social slat had to either rent a hall in an out of the way place or postpone the mas querade indefinitely. 'Manhattan shows the constuctive. fiber that make a Socialist mov. ment in action and not merely in a lot of hot air that accomplishes nothing. A local has hten organized at Lima with twl\-e m.emln.rs. A fine public m, ting was h.Id andl a dance after 11 .rds. Local I.ima promis.s to h.e oe o.f the li\. \ ir s Iof the stat,. Su.t.s are cuminm in .a.,h dlay from the c',al camp.s of I 'a:lstde. county. I;allatin Val. y, Iill,,n. Liiman . I. iI and Fi-rgus county ar. rlling lup a large .Irculation for thl. N. \s.