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=I V1iONTANA NEWS I
OwNED AND PUBLISHED BY TLE SOCIALIST PARTY OF MONTANA VOL. VII. HELENA, MONTANA, THURSDAYI. FEB. 18, 1909. NO 15. DID IT EVER OCCUR TO YOUt By Fdmund DeF're.yne Did It ev.\er occur to that the' United States of America Is the only "civills ed" country In the world, except Turkey and Spain, that does not have postal savings banks or their equlvi lent? Did It ever occur to you that every~ port office In the Philllpines is a bank of delposit for the people's navings? Did it ever occur to you that Americans are as much ntitlhed to this system as Fillpinoea? Dld it ever occurr to you that the lolbby in congresss of our so-called national Ianks hts de'feeate'd every effort to, KIve' us Koernmellnt seecurity for our mnone'y? Dild It ever occur to you that a large, mi:orlty of the' citizens of the great ReHpublic have deman 'd postal savings banks for many ) arm, and that it was the bonded duty of our representatives In the congre'ss to carry out the pe'ople's will? Died It ever occur to you that the C('ngress, under the constitution, had the' right to establish really national banks, which would be absolute safe depositories for our savings? I)ld it ever occur to you that if the government banks the're could be no financial panics, no money string ency, no posibility of lkss to any one. no speculation with hank funds, no national debt. and no usury? Did It ever occur ot you that if Uncle' Ham were only banker, rates would be uniform and very low? That taxes would l.e e'normously de e'reased? That farmers and mer chants and home-builders could bor row on easy terms? That exchange and clearing-house' graft would dis aleear? That the credit of the nation would Ibe Ibehind eve'ry dollar? That stock-gamblers, high financiers and big busliness burglars could no longer i.. our own savings t1o plunder us? Did It e'ver occur to you that a gov er;nment is the enly safe and logical maker and custodian of money? That to e'ntrust those functions ta prliate in.,:,leduals Is to invite dishonesty, dis honor and ruin? That it is too much power to give to an archange'l? That eonly a racet of feools would let the' control of its circulating in.,dlum pass out eof its own hands? Did it eve'r occur to you that if 'very bank was a I'nite'd States sub trea'sury there' could be no "run" on it? That it would he mere ly a branch of the great central depository? Thus Machinists' Treasury Attacked by Courts The courts dealt another blow at lalaor unions Tuesday when nupr,eme Court Justice Mills, at White Plains, ruled that the District Council No. 15 New York, of the International Association of Machinists must pay $.1,47 to the Jones Speedmoter Co mpany to reimburse the latter for the expense of guards for strikebreakers aind special detective s caused by a strike of the former. The suit was brought by Joseph W. Jones as president of the Jones pl,.edoInoter Company, which has a Il.ige Ifactory at New Roc'helle and another in New York. It was dir etl, el gIlanst George ML. Maher, as ier,tsiden.jt of Dl)itrict Lodi e No. 15 of thi International Asasociatlon of Machinists. Local No. 460 was made it c.-defendant, as were several me i: I, rs of, the lhotatl and diattlet lodges. .° t'l.e ', as e ile d in Mlarch, 1900, t, t;ln th r Instatem.ent of live i t * , ',. re, dilchargeid ee .1f thi Ir loyalty to tilhe union "I'. e cnaeIiIc.y I h n inneld, i coCntract SOCIALIST DEPUTY DIEIS IN EXILE. The' death is announced from MIb ,ril of M.l)zhiaparidg'e, oneof the Skc Ial Democratic deputies of the Secornd Duma. who, together with his collea gues, had been deported to Sit' 'rla for a period of eight years on the charge of having conspired against the life of the Tsar. lie had bee.n suffering consumption, and rtepeate'dlY nasked toe beh transported to the southe'rn part of Siberia. After a delay of two years his relquest was at last grnnted, but h'allh, on the' road. '1'11 ' II,;'NT I MI'II:. II.m. . i " r ',.,rn a twýo-lh.ag; l nai) . . reI ine * ary eatut t o folur-lggKKd onies: Heli the (grey Mul.' to the' Illeek 'I'n. one' morning. "''d Ilke v,,ry inet Ih to go to) town today." "Well, why don't you Ito? ked the' Black 'Un." "I've' got no one toridle me," an aw'ere.d the Grey. "What's the' matter with your f',iet ?" "Nothing. Why?" if a local president or casuhler default ed it would make no difference to you, because your deposit would be safe guarded and guaranteed by billions of national funds, to which the los of a few millions would Na. a drop in the bucket? Did it ever occur to you that if the federal government was in the bank Ing business, the banking olfficils would be commissioned and bonded men, like the officers of the army pay corps? That these officers could not lend the bank funds to themselv'es and their friends and families? That they would soon become innoculated with the army idea of honor and honesty? That they would be in ap.cted monthly by offlcers of higher rank, whose own commisaions would be at stake ? That, under such a system, every local loss would be al most Imposuible? Dild It ever occur to you that what other nations have done we can do? That we are as capable of running banks as Japanese? Did it ever occur to you that we are a financial ass ?-Soc. Dem. He rald. MINCIPAL OWNERSHIIP PL.AN OTTAWA, Feb. 10.-As a result of the muncipal operation of Its electric light plant. Ottawa has net profits of $17.222 on last year's operations. Three and a half years ago the city took over the plant on an arrange ment effected by the Hydro-Electric Commission. Since that time the gross revenue has Increased by 200 per cent., the number of customers has increase d from 1,314 to 3,164, and rates for lighting have been consider ably decreased. THE FIRST "SCAB." Undoubtedly the devil was the first "scab." There is no isaputing the fact that heaven has always been run according to union principles and as a closed shop. Satan rebelled against these conditions and started to agitate for an open institution whereupon he was expelled from membership In the angles' union and fired to perdition. Ever since then harmony has reigned In Paradise, and the closed shop pre vails. No "scab" Is tolerated in the kingdom of he.aven, and there is no room for Professor Eliot's he.ro strike breakers there. Our advice to the man who is so low as to act the "scab" Is to go to his father.-Ele vator Constructor. with a detectie, ag. ncy for a supply ,of striklereakers and special detec Lives. After being fleeced by the ,iA.tective agency the company decided to wring their loss from the union. It is believed that if the decision of Judge Mills will be upheld it will work worse havoc with the labor iunons than the Danbury Hatter's de cilion, whish conttnes the damages liable to the in trade. That treas urie. of labor unions can be mulched to reimburse employ. ru for expenses Incurred in fighting a strike ordered by that union is a departure even for Amerlcan courts. Tl'h ruling of Tuesday is practically identical with the famous Taff Vale 1ecislon of England. which was used ',jr i precedent by 9ritish employers until the workers of that country united politically and caused the pasuing of the Trades Dlisputes act. "'i,: law protected the British work era fromn such declulons tas rendered at W1hits Plnain Tau.s.l.ay. "I)o you mean to tell me. )y u cnll ..arry a rider, but your feet can't carry you ?"' "Ncthing of the sort," said the ;re,.; "ohut I can't go without a rider, can I ?" "(fI all the blithering n,onsen~e!l' ahid the' IBlack 'l'n. "Noensnse, Indeed. Do you pire tend to ee. smarter than master?' "No, but I know that much " "You know nothing at all, beecausM I heard master say the other d(ay that the worker couldn't wo)rk with out someldy to employ him. lIe' educateld and ought to kulw. He does know. Ho, I know I c(an't go toe teown without a rider. I'm not uninp to Ily in the fa'ce of celmmonli <.en l anC d Iellticlll economy by try in . lilehl s, It's against mullish nature." D)ee;llItee the villhinous electheoral sys t.m that operlatel In the' ducuhy cor pIraun.lchlweig, un., .* whleh it ,s al most Impossible for a workingmancl to ibreuk into office, the H'oalIlts finally manae.,d to win In a contest for a me-mber of the L'aglslaturo and will now mnae a fight to .ecure :1 Inw giv ing all an equal right to the polls. WHITE SLAVES SOLD ON LINCOLN'S BIRTHDAY Unemployd, inen on Auction Block at Brooklyn, Sold Like Chattel Slaves But Few Get Masters. New York, F'eb. 12th A thrilling spectacle, and one not likely to be forgotten by those who have wltneosed it, was the sale of nen that took place to-night at the Park side Church Lnox road and Flat huyh av\' nui. lBrooklyn. There were 300 people to be sold, out of which two dosen with faces masked, each de algnated with a number and de scription of his characteristics and qualifications, took the platform. They stood there ready to be sold, asking to be sold, pleading to be sold. They made no high demands, and asked no price, no but were ready to give their skill, knowledge, health and powers to th*" man who would promls4e food and shelter.. They were all, with one x< itli.r.. young and strong, and mas ters of trades, well-built and neatly dressed. E. T. O'Laughlin, the man who had arranged the sale, acted as auctioneer and he ordered many of the would-be slaves to take off their coats and dis play their muscles and strength, hold Ing profits of the in. stm.'nt. But not withstanding the fact that the church was crowded, and that 2.000 people were outside of the place, who could not gain admission, the demand for men was small. O'lauIghln Explains 6ale. AMr. O'Laughlin, before bringing the men on the platform, explained the conditions that brought him to auction off human beings. "I once obtained a job for a friend, who was down and out,'" he said, "by placing an adver ti,.ement that I wanted to sell h'm. dince then t got 400 letters )f !eeplh asklg that I do the same for them I did not want to do It. I have neither the time nor ability to give myself to the' task, and I was about to dismiss the applicants. But I began to read the letters. Most of them read, "for God's sake sell me'. I have no food and no place to sleep'" "Many of the writers." continued O'Laughlin, "stated that they were crime or sucide, and as I read, I be gan to realize in what a social hell we are living." "I have a wife, and I have a little baby home. And as I was reading the letters to my wife she said, 'You must try, something must be done. Perhaps you can do something for him-for the one who says he will .unmp into the river-and for those who have little children, like ours!' .Fri, I ,t" lonltiued the sll.eaker, "1 am sick, sick at heart. when I think of the contents of these letters " lie brought to the platform a dress suit cae', which he opened and dis played to the audience, showing it to be full of the letters. lie then told how the task of answering them be came Impossibility, and how futile it would he to take individual action. lie', therefore, advertised for a church in which th.' auction ceould Le con dlucted, aneed notwithstanding the fact that the advertisement for a church was Inse rted for six days, the on'v one that answe'r.d it was Dr. Joee I'. Long, of the Parkslde Church. Aak to Re Put Up First ()'Laughlin told how he had been asked by the applicants to be put up first. "I called a meeting of these 'first up' men last night in the library of Dr. Long's church. 'I have been out of work t, n months,' said one nmaun whose hair was verging on the gray, 'and I feel that I am at last on the eve of a job.' "Ills face lit upl as he talked. It was as if the threshold of hea\ven were about to open to him. The chance of a Jobh, to lulabor with his hands, to take home bread to his wife' and little ones. was the goal toward which he had b n ll striving for Iong, weary months. "This Is the nearest I've gotten to It.' heI co'entinu.ed, 'and I don't want to I.' tihrown del\\n ino. I want youe to put me up. I'll strip and show what line, strong arms I've got. I'll work like a horse,. Just for the chaence to IIve. I cant keep this thing up much longer. I'll do anything to be sold first.' "'lut there were others who offered as much or mor,. One' after another they rose and pleaded to be 'put up first.' "Then one man said. 'I'm willing to stand unmasked before' the' crowd in church and let my face plead for mhe. "Then the' competitlion started ane w. All were willing to do this 'to be put up first." Auction hale Begins. No. 11 was the man put up first. The. auctioneer gave the description: "Young man, twenty-four, out of Job for eight months; is a driver by trade; strong and willing to work. He has tramped all over New York and Brooklyn In search of work; has seven little brothers and sisters at home.; father is sick. What am I offered ?" At this point a man from the audience called out that he offered $10 a week. This was greeted with tremendous applause. The man was A. C. Will, a baker, at 614 Coney Island avenue. Mr. Will also offered three loaves of bread for the man's family. The next man to take the block was No. 10. Again did the voice of the. auctioneer rise: No. 10 is a young man, twenty. live years old; out of work for eight months ; is an Ironmolde.r; can do, hard work-ladies and gentlemen what am I offered? Can you give this man a job; have you a job for No. 10, laides and gentlemen?" At this point Mr. W. F. Copeland, of the BStraightedge Industrial Set tlement, said that if no one is ready to buy No. 10. he will be allowed to .oln their settlement. They do not offer any wages, but are ready to take him in if the man can bring with him the necessary tools. He explainel that the ir plan t Ito priuce the n'ecessities of life, and working on a co-ope'rative' plan. No. 10 was sent away with Cope land to talk ove'r matters, and No. 21 took the stand. He was a mechanic; steam and electric fitter; understood steam heating; knew how to work dynamos; o as a tota abstainer; fought in the' Boer war. and served thiI 'nited States in the' Philippine' Islands. 1Ie' was twe'nty-seve'n years aid. He was knocked down for $3b a month. But complications arose. His en gagement was not to start until the first of March, and what was to be done In the meantime?. Mr. Will the baker who bought No. 10. offered food and lodging until th(en. While the arrange ments were be ing made with No. 21. a man walked over to No. 17, and after a few words., took him away. No. 23 was sold to a painter for $10 a we'eK. The One 'Excptlon. The exception in the lot of young a:nd healthy men was No. 14. leI was old and the only one whose head was gray. A shlir went through the audince when this man took the stand. A few moments of silence followed,. and for a time not even the auctioneer found his tongue. Men turned away their faces, and women ~oll.b t at tith grote.* llue. sight. Th' silence was intense, but of short dlu ration. Young man stepped up, :andl after it talk tith the aulction't.h . r. Id the old man away. Here the demand for men stopped. No. 16 was put up. A man who, according to the auctioneer, had an education. was Intelligent. In the prime of life, well built, willing to take anything. Biut no offer was maltl. Then it was that the people realized the seriousness of the moment. The sight of tw. nty strong meln aI'ing li large gathering and demanding work waiOn nl) 4iri.inr l %% I'. a luIt waIs to Ibe donel with themn ? Slhould th, y Ie sent hlotl' ? There sanaa no home. hould thl,' Ie.' turned over to the str.,t? Shtould tih, y be" forced to crime., or ordered, to commlit Sulcide? Never dih. the proble.m of .u In m l.p a ent -t Ik".. i l I'. ei, 1% and net.r was the right to work proven more elolquentt. Min e rlggle.d and turn. d in thit seats, and women covered their faces with their hands. It was like renallz ing a great common calamity. There was the social enemy claiming vic tlmE. depriving .people of their natural right to sustain life. What was to be done ? r Tl'he usual happened. lBuslne.s gave way to pity. It was no longer a methods of fidlinr 0 mrnployment, hbut a question of saving life. Charity took the place of justice, and a clamor for a collection was made. In just two minutes a hundred lollars was gathered to keep the unfortunates alive. Appoint a Committee. Dr. John D. Long took a prominent part In the meeting. He made a short speech in which he urged the necesilsity of creating a movement to -ulily \.erk t, t', tin. uniiloyed. in 'i- . ,'1 11tn 1 '1. :1 t. 1n m itt. was appointed to care for those who were not sold. P. C. Hammond, of 1199 Flatbush avenue.. Brooklyn, was ap point. d as the head of the committee. IIM \.:1 ellit ll x.el tto eollect funds. W. W. Passage. Leon A. Malkiel and John A. Rehringer. Socialists, had taken advantage of the. situation, and addressed the, overflow outside of the church. The Iolicel did not at first permit them to speak, but head quarters was telephoned to. and per misalon was obtained. There was enough to be said. Slavery was re stored inside a house of God: human beings were sold into bondage, and this on a day when the entire world was celebrating the birthday of Abra ham Lincoln! It was evident to all present that while freelrton ,.., a theory, slavery in this country was a fact, and those who were not Social ists, were held by the power of proof; so lavishly furnished by the proceed ings Inside, the church. Talk albout the plutes deliberately c(ontrolling prices and panics, never before in a panic were the price.s of goods known to go highe.r. They are soaring today. The prices of labor is all that Is falling, and the job gets teautifully less. That is. the workers still ha\e. deadly competition among thems.lves for the jo,h but the caplital ists have eliminated compeittion a Imnn themselves, so they control plrices all around and the workingman centrels nothing. About time to t\te, for aLc lalism isn't It': Then the e oerkers would own both the job and the pro duct. Not some far-off cli ine utopion ,\t nt is Socialism but a litter class struggle here and now. To Emasculate Socialist Pledges 1rlmpla. \ash.. F'" b. !'.--Seklng to .nid the custom of .-'acting plhdrt. . from candidat."s for the ltCilature 'o Aupport certain bills or providing that Iry' ctandldate A'ho si~gn, such a pl'·.'ec shall be disqualified from holding the office he seeks. It wa acknowl edged on the floor of the senate by the framers of the bill that it is directed particularly at labor organ tzations, but d.si1gn. d a's,, to at . to, any comlpact w,rlklng organization. such as the Anti-Saloot. league 'r the Equal uflfrage a.suociation. ' he I.II! as passed Inla',s dl: lu eil lcitison also upon cnndidatsn for sup rt\isor. teho,li .lrector or for :an) Igislatli body. who signs similar ant.e-el. ctlin ifl, dgK.s, and also makers ..K % ITI 'T'll': NON-MNILII41ST. Why is it that ',t.' at. S.-cialists and i .:r nit? i.t us, s.. "hat thi II.' t',aiits it good 114.1181. t )1(. Ill.( .u du~ in' i a11 uirts di.. it cltht. s tip '% al. Spi dii yoi. II.' *'.atits ',.. yu . IIi. I" n Iits his ldir i i t ir. ,.iti, tiph,iiI tutus i. d cti.t tlts thIflpjus ,.n '... m . lit. 44o .I. \,.11. I1. Is its w 111 rlrg to " . N aa, hI· '.,.IuII.* this.' thing i.1 yout are. htut hi" oii.jitp tu. hiaving ainy *.r Ils alI tuak. itly Ih1is whito titt.iu. unit tvupu. t . I ll kitut ili.it. aid 444. alinch,.l .rtui. Ittai lind lnstt .i1 pon'rlo ii I.". tug.t kiln it r.. ti.rita i' rIt as. mist4 t..it th.ar. I t~tinoti, 4(1.1 i It'u. uutiT.r Isitl.. ttipt. t s g..ll, al do-4.i' t Whett .itch ',vui ilit itifu. It. al it lut I', Itg W~~.-u . it .', thuauptiu t sii Ilairuits most iii *hplti tip ii. tt tn.ut , iui 11'' o g,, itit g tii, uit. I, t ia ilt .t pint. Wei each k gnots nt.h is ito aii i nd do. but nasu.. Swi, tmi.'Scat mu. ay thattl Why are you a Socialist? W'hy did you delclar, yours.*lf a Socialist ?t What did you join the Soclalist party for? \\'hat do,.s Socialism me.an to you Is it a Iixing, working purpose, with yon toe help l, bill a te. tter social state, to t;. (h and train the wo.rkers who haN . Iee.n kept in ignorannce. so that the. 111ra gain colnide.nce., poewer and Know I. dge of how to rcond.tet their ow n affairs'? If such is the iase . dn t you. think a spirit ofI helpfulness and chee.rful co operaticen is hette.r than an .eternal spirit of fault-linding and destruct I)h ..uI think that ?.eo are doing the bhest you can to make, y oulr party streng and capable of obitaining the I ,st results. IDo you not think that the toficlals you have telcttdt are *.ntitld teo the .best support you can render.' Th. r., is no stat. or position in which th.ey are not hat ing a hitter tight, against the capitalist, against the ignorance and inexperincced of their own class, and against bitter financial odds. I[entt xyou thin the palt cI a geeod truet Sociallst would hIe to strengthen this light along class tin. s, and ,.n .',. r' us ti.. til "'. r ('omradles. let us reninll m .r what is our bIusiness as Soecialists. L,.t us reme.ml.r that the work of th.e class struggle calls us. We must strngthi n our locals, ,edu ca;It our communities, do thin, our man itfild Issues against the capitalists. ex poses and attack . very form of Injus tice against the working class. build a pow, rful local pr.."s that tight our bottles and expose our wrongs. Let us co-operate, let us work. It Ius .he Ip each other along. .here Ver you can gi% i a lift you kniiow how much it is needed, and how a bih it w ill ie. appreclated. Sit clown and think for fift.tn minutes just what you could do to help a lot right now. And the.n get up and writ.e to the Montana N,%%.s about it. acceptance of an annual retainer for looklin after the Interests of persons. co'mpa;ny or corporation, a disqtali fication for holding office as a mem btr of the legislature. The bill was warmly contesttd by the minority members, who sought to have restriction placed only on the signing of secret pledges. This movemen failed. The bill carried 27 to 11. The above shows that capitalist Igislators .would n't do a thing to the pledges and resignation blanks held over the Socialists. The law is aimed to make it inmpossib, l .,r a labor constituency to control its re presentatives. What Mre you going to do about it? "II III I. Irm *Ir £44 I~ii'. imn m I.in uut. lab .Iallamtml iiu. I.a it i h Itasdr.d y airs lii II, .i,,iii it is ni,. hurit till [I t I Li tfill'. I.\' \\ lhiI. i( il)lll I. . i, I nI \ . " a;in I . r. at h el iii Ia. til. ni Ii lit' thin 1'.. '.\.. ri" - at an 4uat.l.u ij lot rita .ala th." rauiI'.44av track ".n ii *iiiliItt tiiu. · suiitilk- . ih ollic Iriautaht thaua tam th. Nh't~vlit Statuion. .inI luatte,a friom tut m a raithitr mad~ Story hall from qh T aril ~I~rl lrllura.. AomoriI-k, if, their ace.s rangIng fraitt I Ile I . ." ,ti s 1 . t e .r -..1.1 t,. a t-t ln mill in I11n II o. aInd ca4 na. I. 'I'okluk14 oni tit. 11th I nst. Altar fitt rtata ut" . lidliatiry thi). liatutiul the. tlhat lrt. y t sil\.I t.4 .*iIliti~. ;tlb. uactory iiýl Ile ti ;.,hi tI'ani St~atmion int the' .IIý tia....a Itutt non. (i thornut haul a c MIilea pa ... it. ;iss~ua.', aliti tin.y It. vs \\..> to Ili-. K4) 11. Y \ . lit t l'h. tlal.4 ty trtack. .44 it th y v..r, knowl~ tht. mtlat. at th' facttory In \. hlath tttiy lada tiact atttaliayii. (1and ;u". tile'' l ajaauurted itt tha" poice stat. lion.