=I V1iONTANA NEWS I
OwNED AND PUBLISHED BY TLE SOCIALIST PARTY OF MONTANA
VOL. VII. HELENA, MONTANA, THURSDAYI. FEB. 18, 1909. NO 15.
DID IT EVER OCCUR TO YOUt
By Fdmund DeF're.yne
Did It ev.\er occur to that the' United
States of America Is the only "civills
ed" country In the world, except
Turkey and Spain, that does not have
postal savings banks or their equlvi
Did It ever occur to you that every~
port office In the Philllpines is a bank
of delposit for the people's navings?
Did it ever occur to you that
Americans are as much ntitlhed to
this system as Fillpinoea?
Dld it ever occurr to you that the
lolbby in congresss of our so-called
national Ianks hts de'feeate'd every
effort to, KIve' us Koernmellnt seecurity
for our mnone'y?
Dild It ever occur to you that a
large, mi:orlty of the' citizens of the
great ReHpublic have deman 'd postal
savings banks for many ) arm, and
that it was the bonded duty of our
representatives In the congre'ss to
carry out the pe'ople's will?
Died It ever occur to you that the
C('ngress, under the constitution, had
the' right to establish really national
banks, which would be absolute safe
depositories for our savings?
I)ld it ever occur to you that if
the government banks the're could be
no financial panics, no money string
ency, no posibility of lkss to any one.
no speculation with hank funds, no
national debt. and no usury?
Did It ever occur ot you that if
Uncle' Ham were only banker,
rates would be uniform and very low?
That taxes would l.e e'normously de
e'reased? That farmers and mer
chants and home-builders could bor
row on easy terms? That exchange
and clearing-house' graft would dis
aleear? That the credit of the nation
would Ibe Ibehind eve'ry dollar? That
stock-gamblers, high financiers and
big busliness burglars could no longer
i.. our own savings t1o plunder us?
Did It e'ver occur to you that a gov
er;nment is the enly safe and logical
maker and custodian of money? That
to e'ntrust those functions ta prliate
in.,:,leduals Is to invite dishonesty, dis
honor and ruin? That it is too much
power to give to an archange'l?
That eonly a racet of feools would let
the' control of its circulating in.,dlum
pass out eof its own hands?
Did it eve'r occur to you that if
'very bank was a I'nite'd States sub
trea'sury there' could be no "run" on
it? That it would he mere ly a branch
of the great central depository? Thus
Machinists' Treasury Attacked by Courts
The courts dealt another blow at
lalaor unions Tuesday when nupr,eme
Court Justice Mills, at White Plains,
ruled that the District Council No.
15 New York, of the International
Association of Machinists must pay
$.1,47 to the Jones Speedmoter Co
mpany to reimburse the latter for the
expense of guards for strikebreakers
aind special detective s caused by a
strike of the former.
The suit was brought by Joseph
W. Jones as president of the Jones
pl,.edoInoter Company, which has a
Il.ige Ifactory at New Roc'helle and
another in New York. It was dir
etl, el gIlanst George ML. Maher, as
ier,tsiden.jt of Dl)itrict Lodi e No. 15 of
thi International Asasociatlon of
Machinists. Local No. 460 was made
it c.-defendant, as were several me
i: I, rs of, the lhotatl and diattlet lodges.
.° t'l.e ', as e ile d in Mlarch, 1900,
t, t;ln th r Instatem.ent of live
i t * , ',. re, dilchargeid ee
.1f thi Ir loyalty to tilhe union
"I'. e cnaeIiIc.y I h n inneld, i coCntract
SOCIALIST DEPUTY DIEIS IN
The' death is announced from MIb
,ril of M.l)zhiaparidg'e, oneof the Skc
Ial Democratic deputies of the Secornd
Duma. who, together with his collea
gues, had been deported to Sit' 'rla for
a period of eight years on the charge
of having conspired against the life of
the Tsar. lie had bee.n suffering
consumption, and rtepeate'dlY nasked toe
beh transported to the southe'rn part of
Siberia. After a delay of two years
his relquest was at last grnnted, but
h'allh, on the' road.
'1'11 ' II,;'NT I MI'II:.
II.m. . i " r ',.,rn a twýo-lh.ag; l
nai) . . reI ine * ary eatut t o
Heli the (grey Mul.' to the' Illeek
'I'n. one' morning. "''d Ilke v,,ry inet Ih
to go to) town today."
"Well, why don't you Ito? ked
the' Black 'Un."
"I've' got no one toridle me," an
aw'ere.d the Grey.
"What's the' matter with your
if a local president or casuhler default
ed it would make no difference to you,
because your deposit would be safe
guarded and guaranteed by billions
of national funds, to which the los
of a few millions would Na. a drop in
Did it ever occur to you that if the
federal government was in the bank
Ing business, the banking olfficils
would be commissioned and bonded
men, like the officers of the army pay
corps? That these officers could not
lend the bank funds to themselv'es
and their friends and families? That
they would soon become innoculated
with the army idea of honor and
honesty? That they would be in
ap.cted monthly by offlcers of higher
rank, whose own commisaions would
be at stake ? That, under such a
system, every local loss would be al
Dild It ever occur to you that what
other nations have done we can do?
That we are as capable of running
banks as Japanese?
Did it ever occur to you that we
are a financial ass ?-Soc. Dem.
MINCIPAL OWNERSHIIP PL.AN
OTTAWA, Feb. 10.-As a result of
the muncipal operation of Its electric
light plant. Ottawa has net profits of
$17.222 on last year's operations.
Three and a half years ago the city
took over the plant on an arrange
ment effected by the Hydro-Electric
Commission. Since that time the gross
revenue has Increased by 200 per
cent., the number of customers has
increase d from 1,314 to 3,164, and
rates for lighting have been consider
THE FIRST "SCAB."
Undoubtedly the devil was the first
"scab." There is no isaputing the
fact that heaven has always been run
according to union principles and as a
closed shop. Satan rebelled against
these conditions and started to agitate
for an open institution whereupon he
was expelled from membership In the
angles' union and fired to perdition.
Ever since then harmony has reigned
In Paradise, and the closed shop pre
vails. No "scab" Is tolerated in the
kingdom of he.aven, and there is no
room for Professor Eliot's he.ro strike
breakers there. Our advice to the
man who is so low as to act the
"scab" Is to go to his father.-Ele
with a detectie, ag. ncy for a supply
,of striklereakers and special detec
Lives. After being fleeced by the
,iA.tective agency the company decided
to wring their loss from the union.
It is believed that if the decision
of Judge Mills will be upheld it will
work worse havoc with the labor
iunons than the Danbury Hatter's de
cilion, whish conttnes the damages
liable to the in trade. That treas
urie. of labor unions can be mulched
to reimburse employ. ru for expenses
Incurred in fighting a strike ordered
by that union is a departure even for
Tl'h ruling of Tuesday is practically
identical with the famous Taff Vale
1ecislon of England. which was used
',jr i precedent by 9ritish employers
until the workers of that country
united politically and caused the
pasuing of the Trades Dlisputes act.
"'i,: law protected the British work
era fromn such declulons tas rendered
at W1hits Plnain Tau.s.l.ay.
"I)o you mean to tell me. )y u cnll
..arry a rider, but your feet can't carry
"Ncthing of the sort," said the
;re,.; "ohut I can't go without a rider,
can I ?"
"(fI all the blithering n,onsen~e!l'
ahid the' IBlack 'l'n.
"Noensnse, Indeed. Do you pire
tend to ee. smarter than master?'
"No, but I know that much "
"You know nothing at all, beecausM
I heard master say the other d(ay
that the worker couldn't wo)rk with
out someldy to employ him. lIe'
educateld and ought to kulw. He
does know. Ho, I know I c(an't go
toe teown without a rider. I'm not
uninp to Ily in the fa'ce of celmmonli
<.en l anC d Iellticlll economy by try in .
lilehl s, It's against mullish nature."
D)ee;llItee the villhinous electheoral sys
t.m that operlatel In the' ducuhy cor
pIraun.lchlweig, un., .* whleh it ,s al
most Impossible for a workingmancl to
ibreuk into office, the H'oalIlts finally
manae.,d to win In a contest for a
me-mber of the L'aglslaturo and will
now mnae a fight to .ecure :1 Inw giv
ing all an equal right to the polls.
WHITE SLAVES SOLD ON
Unemployd, inen on Auction Block at
Brooklyn, Sold Like Chattel Slaves
But Few Get Masters.
New York, F'eb. 12th
A thrilling spectacle, and one not
likely to be forgotten by those who
have wltneosed it, was the sale of nen
that took place to-night at the Park
side Church Lnox road and Flat
huyh av\' nui. lBrooklyn. There were
300 people to be sold, out of which
two dosen with faces masked, each
de algnated with a number and de
scription of his characteristics and
qualifications, took the platform. They
stood there ready to be sold, asking
to be sold, pleading to be sold. They
made no high demands, and asked no
price, no but were ready to give their
skill, knowledge, health and powers to
th*" man who would promls4e food and
shelter.. They were all, with one
x< itli.r.. young and strong, and mas
ters of trades, well-built and neatly
E. T. O'Laughlin, the man who had
arranged the sale, acted as auctioneer
and he ordered many of the would-be
slaves to take off their coats and dis
play their muscles and strength, hold
Ing profits of the in. stm.'nt. But not
withstanding the fact that the church
was crowded, and that 2.000 people
were outside of the place, who could
not gain admission, the demand for
men was small.
O'lauIghln Explains 6ale.
AMr. O'Laughlin, before bringing the
men on the platform, explained the
conditions that brought him to auction
off human beings. "I once obtained
a job for a friend, who was down and
out,'" he said, "by placing an adver
ti,.ement that I wanted to sell h'm.
dince then t got 400 letters )f !eeplh
asklg that I do the same for them
I did not want to do It. I have neither
the time nor ability to give myself to
the' task, and I was about to dismiss
the applicants. But I began to read
the letters. Most of them read, "for
God's sake sell me'. I have no food
and no place to sleep'"
"Many of the writers." continued
O'Laughlin, "stated that they were
crime or sucide, and as I read, I be
gan to realize in what a social hell we
"I have a wife, and I have a little
baby home. And as I was reading
the letters to my wife she said, 'You
must try, something must be done.
Perhaps you can do something for
him-for the one who says he will
.unmp into the river-and for those
who have little children, like ours!'
.Fri, I ,t" lonltiued the sll.eaker,
"1 am sick, sick at heart. when I think
of the contents of these letters "
lie brought to the platform a dress
suit cae', which he opened and dis
played to the audience, showing it to
be full of the letters. lie then told
how the task of answering them be
came Impossibility, and how futile
it would he to take individual action.
lie', therefore, advertised for a church
in which th.' auction ceould Le con
dlucted, aneed notwithstanding the fact
that the advertisement for a church
was Inse rted for six days, the on'v one
that answe'r.d it was Dr. Joee I'.
Long, of the Parkslde Church.
Aak to Re Put Up First
()'Laughlin told how he had been
asked by the applicants to be put up
"I called a meeting of these 'first
up' men last night in the library of
Dr. Long's church. 'I have been out
of work t, n months,' said one nmaun
whose hair was verging on the gray,
'and I feel that I am at last on the
eve of a job.'
"Ills face lit upl as he talked. It
was as if the threshold of hea\ven were
about to open to him. The chance of
a Jobh, to lulabor with his hands, to take
home bread to his wife' and little ones.
was the goal toward which he had
b n ll striving for Iong, weary months.
"This Is the nearest I've gotten to
It.' heI co'entinu.ed, 'and I don't want
to I.' tihrown del\\n ino. I want youe
to put me up. I'll strip and show
what line, strong arms I've got. I'll
work like a horse,. Just for the chaence
to IIve. I cant keep this thing up
much longer. I'll do anything to be
"'lut there were others who offered
as much or mor,. One' after another
they rose and pleaded to be 'put up
"Then one man said. 'I'm willing
to stand unmasked before' the' crowd
in church and let my face plead for
"Then the' competitlion started
ane w. All were willing to do this 'to
be put up first."
Auction hale Begins.
No. 11 was the man put up first.
The. auctioneer gave the description:
"Young man, twenty-four, out of
Job for eight months; is a driver by
trade; strong and willing to work. He
has tramped all over New York and
Brooklyn In search of work; has
seven little brothers and sisters at
home.; father is sick. What am I
At this point a man from the
audience called out that he offered
$10 a week. This was greeted with
tremendous applause. The man was
A. C. Will, a baker, at 614 Coney
Island avenue. Mr. Will also offered
three loaves of bread for the man's
The next man to take the block
was No. 10. Again did the voice of
the. auctioneer rise:
No. 10 is a young man, twenty.
live years old; out of work for eight
months ; is an Ironmolde.r; can do,
hard work-ladies and gentlemen
what am I offered? Can you give
this man a job; have you a job for
No. 10, laides and gentlemen?"
At this point Mr. W. F. Copeland,
of the BStraightedge Industrial Set
tlement, said that if no one is ready
to buy No. 10. he will be allowed to
.oln their settlement. They do not
offer any wages, but are ready to
take him in if the man can bring
with him the necessary tools. He
explainel that the ir plan t Ito priuce
the n'ecessities of life, and working
on a co-ope'rative' plan.
No. 10 was sent away with Cope
land to talk ove'r matters, and No. 21
took the stand. He was a mechanic;
steam and electric fitter; understood
steam heating; knew how to work
dynamos; o as a tota abstainer;
fought in the' Boer war. and served
thiI 'nited States in the' Philippine'
Islands. 1Ie' was twe'nty-seve'n years
aid. He was knocked down for $3b
But complications arose. His en
gagement was not to start until the
first of March, and what was to be
done In the meantime?. Mr. Will
the baker who bought No. 10. offered
food and lodging until th(en.
While the arrange ments were be
ing made with No. 21. a man walked
over to No. 17, and after a few words.,
took him away.
No. 23 was sold to a painter for
$10 a we'eK.
The One 'Excptlon.
The exception in the lot of young
a:nd healthy men was No. 14. leI was
old and the only one whose head was
gray. A shlir went through the
audince when this man took the
stand. A few moments of silence
followed,. and for a time not even the
auctioneer found his tongue. Men
turned away their faces, and women
~oll.b t at tith grote.* llue. sight. Th'
silence was intense, but of short dlu
ration. Young man stepped up, :andl
after it talk tith the aulction't.h . r. Id
the old man away.
Here the demand for men stopped.
No. 16 was put up. A man who,
according to the auctioneer, had an
education. was Intelligent. In the
prime of life, well built, willing to
take anything. Biut no offer was
Then it was that the people realized
the seriousness of the moment. The
sight of tw. nty strong meln aI'ing li
large gathering and demanding work
waiOn nl) 4iri.inr l %% I'. a luIt waIs
to Ibe donel with themn ? Slhould
th, y Ie sent hlotl' ? There sanaa no
home. hould thl,' Ie.' turned over
to the str.,t? Shtould tih, y be"
forced to crime., or ordered, to commlit
Sulcide? Never dih. the proble.m of
.u In m l.p a ent -t Ik".. i l I'. ei, 1%
and net.r was the right to work
proven more elolquentt.
Min e rlggle.d and turn. d in thit
seats, and women covered their faces
with their hands. It was like renallz
ing a great common calamity. There
was the social enemy claiming vic
tlmE. depriving .people of their natural
right to sustain life. What was to
be done ? r
Tl'he usual happened. lBuslne.s gave
way to pity. It was no longer a
methods of fidlinr 0 mrnployment, hbut a
question of saving life. Charity took
the place of justice, and a clamor
for a collection was made. In just
two minutes a hundred lollars was
gathered to keep the unfortunates
Appoint a Committee.
Dr. John D. Long took a prominent
part In the meeting. He made a
short speech in which he urged the
necesilsity of creating a movement to
-ulily \.erk t, t', tin. uniiloyed. in
'i- . ,'1 11tn 1 '1. :1 t. 1n m itt. was
appointed to care for those who were
not sold. P. C. Hammond, of 1199
Flatbush avenue.. Brooklyn, was ap
point. d as the head of the committee.
IIM \.:1 ellit ll x.el tto eollect funds.
W. W. Passage. Leon A. Malkiel
and John A. Rehringer. Socialists,
had taken advantage of the. situation,
and addressed the, overflow outside of
the church. The Iolicel did not at
first permit them to speak, but head
quarters was telephoned to. and per
misalon was obtained. There was
enough to be said. Slavery was re
stored inside a house of God: human
beings were sold into bondage, and
this on a day when the entire world
was celebrating the birthday of Abra
ham Lincoln! It was evident to all
present that while freelrton ,.., a
theory, slavery in this country was a
fact, and those who were not Social
ists, were held by the power of proof;
so lavishly furnished by the proceed
ings Inside, the church.
Talk albout the plutes deliberately
c(ontrolling prices and panics, never
before in a panic were the price.s of
goods known to go highe.r. They are
soaring today. The prices of labor is
all that Is falling, and the job gets
teautifully less. That is. the workers
still ha\e. deadly competition among
thems.lves for the jo,h but the caplital
ists have eliminated compeittion a Imnn
themselves, so they control plrices all
around and the workingman centrels
nothing. About time to t\te, for aLc
lalism isn't It': Then the e oerkers
would own both the job and the pro
Not some far-off cli ine utopion
,\t nt is Socialism but a litter class
struggle here and now.
To Emasculate Socialist Pledges
1rlmpla. \ash.. F'" b. !'.--Seklng
to .nid the custom of .-'acting plhdrt. .
from candidat."s for the ltCilature 'o
Aupport certain bills or providing that
Iry' ctandldate A'ho si~gn, such a pl'·.'ec
shall be disqualified from holding the
office he seeks. It wa acknowl
edged on the floor of the senate by
the framers of the bill that it is
directed particularly at labor organ
tzations, but d.si1gn. d a's,, to at . to,
any comlpact w,rlklng organization.
such as the Anti-Saloot. league 'r the
Equal uflfrage a.suociation.
' he I.II! as passed Inla',s dl: lu eil
lcitison also upon cnndidatsn for sup
rt\isor. teho,li .lrector or for :an)
Igislatli body. who signs similar
ant.e-el. ctlin ifl, dgK.s, and also makers
..K % ITI 'T'll': NON-MNILII41ST.
Why is it that ',t.' at. S.-cialists and
i .:r nit? i.t us, s.. "hat thi
II.' t',aiits it good 114.1181. t )1(. Ill.(
.u du~ in' i a11 uirts di.. it cltht. s
tip '% al. Spi dii yoi. II.' *'.atits
',.. yu . IIi. I" n Iits his ldir i i t ir.
,.iti, tiph,iiI tutus i. d cti.t tlts thIflpjus
,.n '... m . lit. 44o .I. \,.11. I1. Is its w 111
rlrg to " . N aa, hI· '.,.IuII.* this.' thing
i.1 yout are. htut hi" oii.jitp tu. hiaving
ainy *.r Ils alI tuak. itly Ih1is whito
titt.iu. unit tvupu. t . I ll kitut ili.it. aid
444. alinch,.l .rtui. Ittai lind lnstt
.i1 pon'rlo ii I.". tug.t kiln it r.. ti.rita i'
rIt as. mist4 t..it th.ar. I t~tinoti, 4(1.1 i
It'u. uutiT.r Isitl.. ttipt. t s g..ll, al do-4.i' t
Whett .itch ',vui ilit itifu. It. al
it lut I', Itg W~~.-u . it .', thuauptiu t sii
Ilairuits most iii *hplti tip ii. tt tn.ut , iui
11'' o g,, itit g tii, uit. I, t ia ilt .t pint.
Wei each k gnots nt.h is ito aii i nd do.
but nasu.. Swi, tmi.'Scat mu. ay thattl
Why are you a Socialist?
W'hy did you delclar, yours.*lf a
What did you join the Soclalist
\\'hat do,.s Socialism me.an to you
Is it a Iixing, working purpose, with
yon toe help l, bill a te. tter social state,
to t;. (h and train the wo.rkers who
haN . Iee.n kept in ignorannce. so that
the. 111ra gain colnide.nce., poewer and
Know I. dge of how to rcond.tet their
ow n affairs'?
If such is the iase . dn t you. think
a spirit ofI helpfulness and chee.rful co
operaticen is hette.r than an .eternal
spirit of fault-linding and destruct
I)h ..uI think that ?.eo are doing the
bhest you can to make, y oulr party
streng and capable of obitaining the
I ,st results.
IDo you not think that the toficlals
you have telcttdt are *.ntitld teo the
.best support you can render.'
Th. r., is no stat. or position in
which th.ey are not hat ing a hitter
tight, against the capitalist, against
the ignorance and inexperincced of
their own class, and against bitter
I[entt xyou thin the palt cI a geeod
truet Sociallst would hIe to strengthen
this light along class tin. s, and ,.n
.',. r' us ti.. til "'. r
('omradles. let us reninll m .r what is
our bIusiness as Soecialists.
L,.t us reme.ml.r that the work of
th.e class struggle calls us.
We must strngthi n our locals, ,edu
ca;It our communities, do thin, our man
itfild Issues against the capitalists. ex
poses and attack . very form of Injus
tice against the working class. build a
pow, rful local pr.."s that tight our
bottles and expose our wrongs.
Let us co-operate, let us work. It
Ius .he Ip each other along.
.here Ver you can gi% i a lift you
kniiow how much it is needed, and how
a bih it w ill ie. appreclated. Sit
clown and think for fift.tn minutes
just what you could do to help a lot
And the.n get up and writ.e to the
Montana N,%%.s about it.
acceptance of an annual retainer for
looklin after the Interests of persons.
co'mpa;ny or corporation, a disqtali
fication for holding office as a mem
btr of the legislature.
The bill was warmly contesttd by
the minority members, who sought to
have restriction placed only on the
signing of secret pledges. This
movemen failed. The bill carried
27 to 11.
The above shows that capitalist
Igislators .would n't do a thing to
the pledges and resignation blanks
held over the Socialists. The law
is aimed to make it inmpossib, l .,r a
labor constituency to control its re
presentatives. What Mre you going
to do about it?
"II III I. Irm *Ir £44 I~ii'. imn m I.in uut.
iiu. I.a it i h Itasdr.d y airs
lii II, .i,,iii it is ni,. hurit till
[I t I Li tfill'. I.\' \\ lhiI. i( il)lll
I. . i, I nI \ . " a;in I . r. at h el iii Ia.
til. ni Ii lit' thin 1'.. '.\.. ri" - at an
4uat.l.u ij lot rita .ala th." rauiI'.44av track
".n ii *iiiliItt tiiu. · suiitilk- . ih ollic
Iriautaht thaua tam th. Nh't~vlit Statuion.
.inI luatte,a friom tut m a raithitr mad~
Story hall from qh T aril ~I~rl lrllura..
AomoriI-k, if, their ace.s rangIng fraitt
I Ile I . ." ,ti s 1 . t e .r
-..1.1 t,. a t-t ln mill in I11n II o. aInd
ca4 na. I. 'I'okluk14 oni tit. 11th I nst. Altar
fitt rtata ut" . lidliatiry thi). liatutiul the.
tlhat lrt. y t sil\.I t.4 .*iIliti~. ;tlb. uactory
iiýl Ile ti ;.,hi tI'ani St~atmion int the'
.IIý tia....a Itutt non. (i thornut haul
a c MIilea pa ... it. ;iss~ua.', aliti tin.y
It. vs \\..> to Ili-. K4) 11. Y \ . lit t
l'h. tlal.4 ty trtack. .44 it th y v..r,
knowl~ tht. mtlat. at th' facttory In
\. hlath tttiy lada tiact atttaliayii. (1and
;u". tile'' l ajaauurted itt tha" poice stat.
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