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HK MIU4NTANA NEWS.
Owned and Published by the Socdalst Party of Montana. 188UED WEEKLY. OFFICE 19 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 908 Entered at the Post Omice for trans misslon through the mail at second class ratas. Addr.-ss all communications and make all Money payable to the Mon tana Xewes. IDA CROH'('II-H.ZLIE'rr Editor and Manager. S'"Bl)SCRHIITIONS: One Y oar ..................... 0S . Six .M1 nths ................... 2,c ()n. cent i"r copy in hlundles up to 500 State Exteutlve Comnlttee. L J Duncan..................Butte J M. Kruse ............... Bozeman T D. Caulfleld ............. Missoula National Headquarters, Mahlon Barnes. Secretary. Rooms 300-308. Boylston Bldg., Dearborn St., Chicago. Ill State Searetary. JAS. D. GRAHAM. S VOU GOVERNMENT BY INTEREST The illuminating philosophic truth which the genius of wars gave to thie world was what is known to the mat erialistic conception of history, some times termined the law of economic determinism Briefly stated these phrases convey the meaning that ma terial interests, economic conditions, the envirnment determine actions and the result of actions. This historic principle is being illustrated with great force at the present time in con nection at the national and state at tudes concerning Japen,.se Immigra tion. Western labor knows what the competition means with oriental la bor, It knows that the swarming hordes of the Chinese and Japs are looking for territory in which to spread themselves and better their condition. Unrestrained these con stantly increasing masses would soon monopolize our western coast and spread to the interior, driving white labor before them through the in varable competition for a lower stan dard of living. The popularity of the western states is an overwhellming problem as compared to the eastern states. And these states are still so new that theworking class materally in fluence legislation. That istheotficials n these states are still sonew that the working class materally influences legislation. That is the officials in these states are in direct contact with the workers, and the government cor responds in a great measure with their interests. That is how the California lI.gisla tion has passed a ringing act against yellow labor. This body represented the pressing ncessitih.s of the citizens of the state. But here comes Roose velts terrlllic how.l and plrot.st. Itou..e velt's government repr,.sents the gr.at capitalistic interests of the nation. The American nation, that is the. great capitalists of the nation, who direct government in accordance with their vast business enterprises, do not want a war with Japan. diplomats of the two nations atr professing the greatest frendshlp for each other. How embarrassing to have these conditions of equiblirlum broaden simply because westrn labor gets irascibae and insists on protecting itself from the Japanesie raid. But the statement at Washington know what the Jap character is. They know It is a rising and determined nation, making gains at every qosaible point and making no retreat. They know that any indignities implicated on the Japanese In this country will be resented immediately by the Jap enese government. In accordance with the hoary wiles of a ruling class the government re sorts to subterfuges to keep the wes tern workers and the state government that are representing their interests in a proper state of acquensilence. So Roosevelt gets Senator Newlands of Nevada to write a long diplomatic letter to the legislature of that state, about as beligerent as California on the yellow question rehearing at length the dangers from the invasion of a race given to servitude, proclaim ing the necessity of protecting the in terests of white labor, but giving a careful explanation of the inadepuacy of state legislation to grapple with the sltu4tlon successfully, and advising that all such government interference be left to the general government. It is easy to discover the nigger in the woodpile. The general govern ment is not putting Itself out to deal with local sectional Interests to suit the worker or the small capitalist as against the large capitalist. The western states are vigorously protesting against the government dic tation that Jap children shall have the same privileges as American school children. That is, the Japanese gov ernment object to segregation in schools, whereupon it was made ap parent that the provisions of the treaty with Japan did not permit of separate schools for Japanese children such as are provided for negro chil dren in the south. Japan will not be treated as an inferior nation. But the white Californian wants segrega tion and states through prominent authorities that when the United States permitted such terms to go Into a treaty it transcended the powers It had over the rights of the state to re gulate their own affairs, and violated the national constitution. There is no doubt but the s.tates rights question will figure largely in the question be tw', n the big capitalist and the little capitalists with the Interests of the workers in\ol\ ed as a subordinate Issue. The philosopher may state that the international competition of labor minimizesa the Importance of foreign lador to the American workman. That may be all true enough that the foreigner is taking his job by manu facturing abroad. Ilut such won't go down with the C'olifornla fruit-picker who sees his job snatched from under his nose. He is going to have that .'ob If he has to kill the other fellow to get it. Hence the position of or ganized labor on the, foreign labor question, and the socialists will have to esuouse the cause of labor if he is go ing to get the confidence of labor. How are you going to have social ism If you do not begin to make the socialist demand a power in your com munity. Concentration in trade-The mer chants of Pocatello have taken off all their solicitors and order men, now to get your groceries you elthre have to phone, or. If you are too poor to afford a phone, walk down town. Simul taneously with this new departure the price of phones went up fifty cents a month. About time the people owned the phones and the grocery stores isn-t It? But that would be Socialism. 'N INSTR(CTIVE PROGRAM OF SOCIAIBSM The Soclalist movement will never bw of any benefit to the working class usless it is practical. As a dream of a blissful utopia It Is eminently satis factory. It is pleasant to dwell on the delights of when the worker will have his entire product. What must we do to get there? Is the Socialist party organized for political purposes? If so what are we doing in the way of politics? The day of the empty, dreamy, talk ative Socialist is passing away. Phil osophy and economic science are ad mirable po)lss-ions for whomever may have the ability and time' to conquer them. Any Socialist who conquers these subjects is all the better pre pared for his work in the great move ment. But the Socialist have started out on a far-reaching mission to con quer the world for labor. Now just what in it that they must do? . They are to control governments, to make laws to control cities, schools, indus tries. They also want to protect the li\tis of the workers, to make sanitary hnee lees lfor the in to 'are for them In .r ikn M,. smitlrtI une, oldl age, to secure for theim Ibetter schools, public cul tuere. lectures, music, art and above all the delmocratic safeguards by which these comforts of life may be providld. T'his is a big task ahead of mere workers. Them have never been accustomed to handling their own politics lMo1st of them know nothing of polltical laws, how to comply with legal requirements governing the L,al lot. All the se matters It Is the prov ince of the workers to learn In the Socialist movem rn t . Then, if the world is to change for the workers the workers must change the world. And the Socialists must be.gin that change right in their own locality. It is wonderful what a minority can do posessed by an Idea that is right. By bringing some broad, necessary public issue to the front, education for it, explaining it, the thing may be brought to pass in time no matter how difficult it may appear. The small handful of Socialists that now exist in communl ties must present a practical program of action that the workers want; that they can see is of direct benefit to then. We must work for and get our direct legislation, fair election laws. There is no possiblity of reallslng the co-operative commonwealth utopia without going through the bogs that are before us. Capitalism is In no immediate danger of a collaps by which it will cease to exploit the work ers. Socialism is not Inevitable if the workers do not develope the strength and emcelency to administrate govern ment. One writr even goes so far as to say that Sociallsm is not inevitable through evolution because the trend of evolution is toward benevolent be nelovent pendasllm, but that the guar anty of Boolalism is the revolutionary spirit of the workers themselves' If the revolitionarv spirit is ther., they must be taught to systemise their re volt. They must develope emflc,,ncv by continued action in practical thlngs. This serious, constructive, practical spirit is all that makes the existence of a local of any benefit. If you are doing nothing you might as well not exist, capitalism does not fear simply a hunch (t empty talkers. If tbere is a man in your local wh t does noth alaq but talk, who opposes all practical work on the ground of not being "acientlfic." who is always talking against and maligning the unions, and advocating sonme imposlbleh line of class action, it is well to be suspicious of him. II,. is prolbably paid to keep the Socialist from doing anything ex .'ipt talk. If you find some one who Is a constant obstructionist, who fights party action at every point, attacks the party officials, keeps up a constant turmniil he is probably a spotter. Watch closely to see Ihow he gets his living. The industrial cities of Mon tana are cursed by these' people, wait ing to thr eve.\'ry working class move into confusion. They are in the unions and they are in the Socialist party. Stand out for a strong prac tical sensible program, and work so steadily to cary it out that the capital Ist clasa is tilled with consternation. The greatgtest scientists, economists, criminologists, artists. literary menl of the world atr '* , lalists. ('IT1 CAMPAIGNS. The Montana muncipal elections should show the Socialists active and aggressive this year. Every town that runs a city ticket that has any Socialists in it should have a city ticket standing for working class In terests. There Is no better propa ganda than an ,ilection campaign. Every city under capitulation has abusMes and injustices In it that should be removed in the interest of the working clamss. Today governments are run in the Interest of observances that benefit the rich only-with a view to Increasing their profits and lessen ing their expenses. That is why nuisances from their Industries are permitted to cluster our streets, in lurlous to life and limb, unsanitary, unsightly. An Interference with the manner of running the business, would interefere with the profit of the business. So the capitalist city governmetn treats It as something sacred. The lives of human beings, especially of working class human ,beings, are of small consequence in coparison. And it is always the working class that have to endure the smells and the vices and the un welcome sights. The wealthy class live afar off in pleasant parts of the town . But to correct all these offenses would require higher taxes and as these taxes come out of the propertled clas, a capitalist city covernment is going to vote' as small taxes as possible and the grafting politicans usually get the moat of that. Socialist city governments are enor mously more emcient than capitalist city government, and the records of the world are easy to find for this evidence. Moat of the German cities of Rocialist city governments. There are numerous Socialist governed cites in France, Italy and other parts of Europe. We American Sociallts must learn city government. We must learn practical politics. Make a platform that deals with local needs. Make a warm issue of one or two of the most important . Spread your agita tion through the community Icy posters hills and special Imsues of the Montana News dealing with the local situation. Illise such a row that every one can swe that the Socialists are standing for a situation that would be a public Ie nefit. Ilegin your work now. Get all the edc'iallt voters in your community to gether whether they belong to the local or not. (let them Into the local if you can, and then have one jam boree of a talkfet on the city cam paign. Let no guilty man ecaspe. make up your minds what abuses you are going to attack, and then conduct such a campaign that all the voters in the town will know what the Rocialista are after. Of course it will cost something; but then freedom costs a lot in blood and human hap. piness. You can make the News an organ of power against capitalism If you will, make it carry your Istses. (Jet vedy for the Montana Modal t man(dpal tempaign. Every Soclalist local contemplat Ing a muncipal Socialist campaign should posera Itself of Carl D. Thomp son's"Constructive Program of Social Ism." It Is the only book printed In America on this subject. To be had of the Social-Democratic Herald, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Price 26 cents. The capitalist is the man who takes the capital that the workers have pro duced and uses It as a whip ofexplina tion over them. Under Socialism the workers would own their own capital, and the capitalist would vanish be cause his job of private ownership was taken from him. Go to the NEWS For Up-to-Date Job Printing Dr. GEO. H. TAYLOR, DENTIST Cor. (;rand & Jackson St. OpI. Telephone Exchange Helena, Montana To Start the Day Right Include in the essentials for breakfast as many of the Model Bakery's FINE. FRESH CRIRP ROLLS as you may have appetite for. The more you eat 'em the better you like 'em. Carry that name around with you for a day or two until you get It fixed. WARNKEN & SANDBOM Progrletoe 183 N. Main St. Helens, Moat. JONES' NEW STONE OPERA HOUSE CENTRALLY LOCATED I.. W. JONES. Mgr. Kendall, * - rloatea Send in Your Subscription Montana News "Machine Politics". $7.50 per 100 10c a copy. "Primary Principles" Leaflets, 20 cents per 100. Five Half-Yearly Sub Cards for $1.00. Farm ers and Wage work ers Just the thing to lnreulate among the members of the So drey of Equity. Shows how the farmer is exploited as well as the city worker. Union men sholdM ee that farmers read it as it will areste a bond of sympathy between farmers and wage workers, du lag the days of a strike. Order from the Montana News $1.00 for 100 copies ----------------------~---p TRY OUR $3.50 and $4.00 DRESS SHOES Umequalled for Style, Fit and Service e UNION MADE LOUIS ARNOLD 13 South Main Two Doors North of family Theatre. LOCAL ORBAT FALLS, of the Socialist Party. Mests every Sunday at Union Ball at 8 p. . Wm. PALIGROVE. Sbe'y. 5IS 7th Avoem. OCAL LIVINOSTON. of the Socialist Party Meets every second and fourth Wed nesday evening In Trades & Labor Hall, opposite Opera House. Translent comrades Invited to attend. ALVA MAYNE DRY GOODS, LADIES' GENTS FURNISHINGS Large Stock of Spring Goods just arrived UVINGSTON, MONTANA GO TO TAYLOR rhe Leading Photograpter, to Up-to-Date Work Over Great Northern Oer, Main St. HELENA, MONT. BE YOUNG! Traces of Age, Wrinkles, Grayness Baldness, can be removed by secret formulas. Ingredients cheap and simple. Bend 25 cents for any one formula, or 50 cents for all three Address M. B. M., 1431 Lewis St., Hel ena, Mont. FAMILY THEATER IS.I7 sudh nMan St Helena's Home of Polite Vaudeville. ThreeShows daily Openyeararound Beeler's Cafe Is the Cheapest and Best Place In Town Try Our WAFFLES They sell like "HOCAKIES" s So. Main - Helena, Mona. Queen City Hotel and Restaurant CON F. REISS, Pftprietor. MEALS AT ALL HOURS Roomns se and see 1S2 So. Main St. Helena, Mon. Tel No. -STRed Mrs. Geo. Colson Private Hospital FOR CONFINEMENT ONLY 10 B Iedford St. Hlena. Mont. Notice to Locals Lena Morrow Lewis will lecture in Montana. durlag the nIesth MARCH Locals destring to seirre her ror Lectures should e appY-. pikbtlon with the Late BSere tar) at onm, so as to avoid dliappolntlment. Lacals In the .1itki in whdh4 electlomn are to b held should arrange a series of maeeting for her. Would You Uke to Look Young? WOULD YOU LIKE TO FEEL YOUNG ? Send One Dollar for a simple secret that will accomplish wonderful results in making a complexion of Milk and tomes, perfecting the form and re moving any and all disease from the system. Or. send $1.25 and secure above s.cret of Youth and Beauty and a dainty booklet of invaluable Instruc tions for any woman over twenty. A lovely Holiday gift. Address, M. B. M., 1431 Lewis St., Helena, Mont. If You Work for a Living it should interest you to know that you get in wag es only part of what you produce; that a larger part goes to the capitalists who own the tools with which you have to work. This book by the greatest of So cialist writers ex plains clearly and forcibly how wages are determined and how they can be raised. Study Marx for yourself ; he will help you to do your own thinking. Sloth, 50c; paper 10c. tsy book pubiihed by us will be mailed romnptly on ycpe olprf . Catal. Ires. The lterma tlonal alst iw. mt y eview a copy o~ $1.W a row the most read soist period4 ical in AmLrm. All the best btbooks Le o sub scibersw who send s mOew Ib.emptios. Address CHARLES H. KERR A COMPANY IS Usle S oes. CmICAGO. Do you wish hands smooth as vel vet? Send 15e and self addressed stamped envelope to M. B. M.. 1431 Lewis at.. Helena, Mont FRBB PRBInlUrU TI E ANACONDA STANDARDIYS Big Offer Bend $10.00 for one year Io ad vance subecription to the p'ily and Sunday Standard and re°ove one of the valuable premiums listed below free of charge. U. K. FLAO, me de of wool bunting. standard Ose, a feet by 5 feet. STERIEO. OPE and 100 VIEWS THE WORLD PHOTOGRAPHED COMMER IAL PFOUNTAIN PEN COMMERCIAL STYLO INK PENCIL Write for booklet giving full db scrlption of each. The Anaconda Standard ANACONDA, MONT.