Newspaper Page Text
IT YOUR CLAM 414KIMnIlrr4 STM[
VOL V, ONT, THYN T NCH , 09. . 16. VOL. VII. HELENA, MONTANA, THURSDAY, MARCH 4,1909. NO. 16. ADDRESS DELIVERED IN RIVERVIEW SCHOOL HOUSE ON THE HUNDREDTH ANNIVER. SARY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN (Uy Edwin H. Dl)v'.) One, hundred years ago today, in the la.kwoods of Kentucky, there was born a child who w.n destined to b." one of the greatest men the re public ever produced. Abraham Lincoln was born in Har din county, near ilodgensville. Ken tucky, February, 12th, 1809. His father had a little farm In the back woods, which they lived upon. Abra ham's early life was spent here where he' was allowed to roam in the forests at will. But he did not have any par ticular liking for the woods, he liked to read and study be.tter than he did to hunt and fish. When Abraham was seven years old his father moved to In-liana where he took up another pi,.ce' of land somewhat better than that which he had left In Kentucky. Thie family settled In Spe'ner county and after they had lived here two years Abraham's mother died and the next year his father went to Ke.ntucky and married again. In after years when Alrham was speaking of his mnither, he said: "All that I am I ow- to, my angel mother." Hlis step-mother was always kind and gentle to him and filled well the place of a mother. The family struggle along here for ten years and then moved to Macon county. Illinois. They settled near Ne.w Halem. then but a small village and which has since, passeld entirely away. liren was where' he acquired what little school eedllcatlion he' had and that was not nluch, only alhout a year in all. HI. bIor'rowed all of the lbooks available' and not only read them but studied them until in many instances he could re.peat large' parts of them. When the Black Hawk war broke out he was elected captain of a com pany. He. afte.rwards said that he' didn't see any Indiana but there was bloody enough battles-with the' mos quitoes. When he' came back he' tried store' keeping, built a flatboat and went to New Orleans with a load of produce', came back and was postmaster of New Salem and surveyed some. lie liked the study of law but never had the means with which to buy law books. A friend of his in Springfield prom Ism.d to lend him all of the law books he wanted to study from and so he walked to Sprlngfleld the follow*t,g )e'ir :and b'orrow'd a load of then anml took then' homenr :lad b.egan the stud) of law. !l, was elected to the state leIls lhttre for four suece'se e' tl r.:,F. It is not said what he did while thei.' but ;t is safe to may tha' he did what lhe thought to be for the' best inter '1t4 of the common people. In 1838 he was audmitted t t th bar and in the futll wing year he In'ove d to Spylngfield to practice 1 i1.' ,,on won a reputation as a Jnry lawyer riad to: k a prominent part in near!v al of the law case'd of his n !la'ti,er" hood. In 1884 he canvassed all of IlliaoIs and part of Indiana in behalf of Henry (lay, who was running for President at that time. Two years later he was elected a Representtatve to Congress. He con tinually voted with the Anti-8lavery party, especially opposing the exten sion of slavery into the territories. In 1849 he was an unsuccessful can didate for the United States Senate. During the next seven years he did not take a very active part in politics, he spent most of his time' at his pro fession. In 1856 he again stumped the state in the interest of Fremont, repub lcan candidate for President. Two years later he was nominated as a candidate for the United States Senate in opposltlon to Douglas. Lin coin received a majority of 4,000 of *he popular vote but the Legislature eCated Douglasu. It880 he was nominated for the Preside.v. by the republicans and It is useless to "ate the result, everybody knows that. ' When the soniern states learned that Lincoln had bhn elected they at once began to secede. 'lncoln did not pay any attention to thur secedlnlg, but said that they were never out of the Union, they had only mie an unsuccessful attempt at it and bere only rebelling against the authority ot the government He at once set about to put down the rebellion. The South erners started the rebellion and Lin. coin, by him steadfastness and persit tency, with help of able generals man aged to suceessfuly put it down. As for a personal description of our sixteenth President; he was very tall. lank, his face was gaunt, his features were good and strong, he had an in tense facial expression, and his man ners were impressive and command ing. He was a man of Judgment. reason, and power. He was a man of free, high, genuine, generous man hood. In his speeches there was cos *'nt argument, apt Illustrations, espe cially emphatic phrases, sentences of fire, there was touches of humor and ether qualities which produce con vlction or impel to action. Lincoln spoke for man, for right, and for progress. lit spoke for freedom of labor and he was the foe of huma.t slavery, which is proven in a sente.nce taken from one of his great speeches "'Liberty before property; the man be fore the dollar." He at all times ad vised laborers to organize for their' ,own protection. From another speech wet learn that tihe great emancipator stood not only frer the emancipation of men but ale., of the women. And from his speech is as follows: "I go for all sharine the privileges of government who as sist in bearing its burdens. Const ,lue'ntly, I go for admitting all to th': tight of suffrage who pay taxes er Ihlecr arnms. by no means excludin., the' females.' Lincoln Is today. In the estimation iof very many th' most remarkabl,l uaIn the republic vet r produced, pos sessing the executive ability of Wash. .ngton, the' tautesmanehhlp of Jefferson. the firmness and stablliy of Jackson, and tumanity of Thomas 'ainte'. In 1856 this greatest of statesmen. w horm the republlican party consiers. or lit hlast claims to, consider its Idyl, made. the following pretdietin: "I' see in the near future a crisl. approaching which unnerve's me'. ;and cause's mel to tremble for th' safety of my country. As a result of war, corporations have tbeen e.nthron ed, and an era of corruption in high pInces will follow, and the mon,.ne !,oder o(f th' country will ende aver to prolong their reign bly working on the' prejudice's of the people, until all th'e wealth is aggregated in a few hands. and the' republic is destroyed. I feel at this moment more anxiet, for the' safe'ty of our country than ev 'r before, even in the midst of war. Go.. granted that my forebodings may be groetndless. Monarchy itself is some ,Ime r hinted at as refuge from the power of the people. In my presert position I could scarcely lie justified, were I to a mit to laise a wsrnin:, olce' against the alpproach of a re( turning depotism. It is not needed for fitting here that a general argument should be made in favor of popular institutions; but there is one point with its connections not so hackne'yedl as most others, to which ask brief at te'ntion. It is assumed that labor is available only in connection with cap' tal, somehow, by the use of it, induce' him to labor. Labor is prior to and independent of capital. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could not have existed if labor had not first ex isted. Labor is the superior of capi tal, and deserves much the higher con sideration. I bid the laboring people beware of surrendering the power which they possess, and which, if sure rendered, will surely be used to shut the door of advancement for such as they, and fix new disabilities and bur dens upon them until all of liberty shall be lost. "In the early days of our race' the Almighty said to the first man kind, 'In the sweat of thy face shalt thoug eat bread,' and since then, if we except the light and air of heaven. no good thing has been or can be en. joyed by us without having first cost labor. And inasmuch as most good things have been produced by labor. it follows them. But it has so hap pened, In all ages of he world, that some have labored and others have without labor enjoyed a large por tion of the fruits. This is wrong an' should not continue. To secure to each laborer the whole prodOct of hiw labor, ua nearly am posslble, is a worthy object of any government. "It seems strange that any man should dare to ask a just God's uasslst ance in wringing bread from other men's faces. 'This country, with Its Institutlons, belongs to the people who inhabit It." The foregoing shows to any Intelll gent person that, if now living, Abra. ham Lincoln would be standing along side of Eugene V. Debe, flighting In the present world-wide movement for industrlal liberty and the unlversal brotherhood of man. ARGENTINE SOCIALITS DE NOUNCE GOVERNMENT O-lhlials Admit That Ekection Wai (rooked, bUt Nothing Can Be .one Now. IIUENOS AYERH, Fieb. 16.--8v 'ral big protest meetings have bIHen held in this city against the conduct of the government during the last election. Votes were bought before the eyes of the authorities in public places, the prices of which ran from 20 cents to $7. Nearly all the news papers, even the most conservitave, protested against the board of elec tions, and, especially against the President of the republic. Where the ballot boxes had been controlled by half-way honest people, the boxes re malned nearly empty, because the majority of the citizens do not go to the ballot boxes. fearing that if they vote again, he controlling govern ment they will be Ihot down by spies. Several shots were fired at Dr. Al fredo Placios, the candidate, of the Soclalist party, and when some othi.r citizens (not Hocialistas started after the aggressor they were clubbed Iy the police, and one of thm was ar rested, while the man who fired at D)r. Palacios remained at liberty. t'Ceongressman Dr. Meyer-',il.grini, ,president ofthe board of elections, said recently In i'cngr.ess: "I am far from believing that this -li ctien was a cerrect and legal one, but inasmuch as this country is so ,backwatrd In this direction, I belliviv we will not Ihaie a better result at the piresent time if we call for a ne.w el, tin,. but I sin cerily holpe that in theI n.ear future the elections \% ill I.ee earrie'i oue t in such an hone,.t n.linl r :s the $ . vialists d.mand.l" This was the onlyv re stuit if ,il! th, prIotesting. Dr. Loblt, one ee two elected t('ongretssme n. left for E:urope, three e days afetr ti ntering etonlgr sie. receiving during this time tihe usual s•lary eof aleoiut $t'.i. leer nl lith. meow EA'liS MaWrow IAcHwI Ofi' Elf the nIuI4I MUhtEmfuI WofIa oraItors ot IIth So c ISISMI*tl4,%etIst'i IJo e Airltw . WAIII M3Weak urn Morntanma In, Marci IiO)WTON HIATTERrI .tRE VI('TORIOWn. Lanmon & Ilubbard nurreule'r to tIe' I'ulon and )300 Irikersc Iteturll to .olkt. I()OSTON, Mass.. , Feb. 2.-The, striking hatters of this .ity scored an important victory yesterday when the l.msMn & lHublbrd C'ompllny. employinK 300 lmen. withdrew froin the National Tat Manufacturers' As sociation and signed an agreenment with the union. This triumih of th.' union hatters means p)rutlieall) the end of the strike in this a it. It is IH.elihved that this Irea.tk in thI' ranks of the manul e . r. re will re sult In victories for ti., strikers in other cities. Already there Is much dissatisfaction among the individutli members of the asuclwiantion. with the officers who haveu held out promises of a speedy ending of the strike by the umployment of noen-unlon hatters. Several weeks have passed since the strike' began and yet there' Is not a factory that has been able to turn out any work with the' aid of strike breakers. Credit for yesterday's victory is due to the agitation for the hatters' union lable made by the irlkers and their friends. Wright, that the case of the extended imprisonment of Pouren and the facts relating to the attempt to have him extradited by the Russian government be presented. HIogtE MAKERS FIGHT DOUGLAS Met Working for Dammy Coancn of Mioe Man D)emand Reeogition of Thelr Union. IIAVEItIHILL.. Mass., Feb. 22. Twenty laaters are on strike at the factory of the Merrimack Shoe Com pany. an offspring of the W. L. Doug lu Shoe, Compony of Brockton. to en force the recognition of the Boot and Shoe Workers' Union. The men, through their business agent asked for a price list for last ing about two weeks ago. They were told to wait until the following Mon day. February 8, when an answer woulld be given to their request. No sooner had the agent left th.' bullding than the foreman went around among the help and told them distinctly that they must treat with refunted to do so, the firm would pull up stakes and get out. or words t., that effeat. 'T'h. lasters, ho.wver, didn't scare it bit; they insisted that the firm deal with their agent, nad that they woult Iaruain collectively or not at all. They insisted on a price list ,eased on what mienufacturera were paying in Brock ton, and other places for the. same gr;. d. of work. hi'elh cemlpuny turne.d dlown the ipr,,lesition. and the lnsters promptly striiuck for their rligts. M. Ttf ll '1 t . EI..N II'l1 1:lt 1 5 I '. .V . h.1 r.1 L.* %n. of l'hilade.lphia, ..lI h r silx-nmnthe-.li child to Al .'IIIt:i K1'. r. e ln It, ing ,ell, stiuned 'e. ! I IP- . the mnet, rI sI aid: :l,,i not \..; IIit t-, II himn fr ineeney; I . 1 nt wallt to s. II himn at all; bhut I h . I I.. n lunel.1. te, plr',.iele for him S* I in tlee s iheart reonirts. II, was lIaiec.ar aid l l .1i',, \with me. and h." h;as ih ar, l : litf, of hardship sincetlr the day h, was Iborn. ., I s.eld him that he, ii hlt he. ha tle ,. " ";IiEAT ('AMI'kI(;N OF EDI)'CATIOKN IBEGI'N IIY NEW YORK S(X' An en'thulsilastic and %i '.l attendedl meeting of the 2nd. 4th, tth and 8th Assemlbly districts of the Socialist party was hIld Thursday in Clinton hall. and plans w.'er, nimade for the co'nducting of an t nt\he' campaign of agitation and organization. A committee' of file\ was elIectd toi 'nagel a paid organizer to c ork ailnlng the Jiewlah residents of thi east side. It was also reslv\t.d to op'n clasUes in naturalization to he given once a week at the hleadquar t.rs oif all the assembly districts of the 1st agitation dllistrict. A speak ers' clans will be held *\ery Sunday at 10 a. in. ait the headquarters of the Nth assembly district, 318 Grand street, with Meyer London. Abe 'ah'i and I)r. (Oiridansky al instructors. Monthly propaganda leIaflets will also be issued. The east side Soc lallsts are deter mined to make this year a record breaking one in the matter of educa tion and organization. If the men who "scab" against the Industrial unity of the workers are "great American heroes," what is an appropriate appelation for the men who scab against political solidarity of their clasm? Perhaps Ellot of Har vard will answer. If not, ask Gom. pers, Mitchell and Morrison. PORTRAIT OF CZARISM. ANALYSIS OF THE CHARACTER OF THE LATE GRAND DUKE VALDIMIR IN ALL ITS COLD BRUTALITY With Imperial pomp and ceremon.y there was laid at rest in St. Peters burg on Sunday one, who was more the Czar of all the Russians than Nicholas himself-Nicholas.s oldest uncle, thet Grand DIuke. Valdimir. Laid at rest among all the' rulers of Russia since Peter the Great, in the cathedral which stands in the centre of the granite fortress or St. Peter and Paul. in whose dark sulterranean dunge.ons are rotting and have rotted away so many of Itussia's winest and truest patriots. NOT MEIRELY A. M.N. It may not seem a gracious act to speak of ia man's past while, the priests' words have' hardly yet quit ringing ablove him. Jlut that royal eorps.e in his marble tolnab was not niertIly a man. In life he was the' leade.r of the inn er clique that dom Inated th*, Czar and ruled one' hun dr, d and forty million peolil'. lie Sta tlh' ItpcrneolltlathIm or Clzarismll tras (zarlilm lin bonme amid Ik'li. Ills past duoes not picture for us me.rely an individual. It pictures for us a mighty institution. So at a till \\w hi n outr go\vernment seems t., I.. slee ly establishing mire cordial r htItionls w ith Czarism, w h, n a n.w I'r. sideunt is aulout to be, inaugurat'de hIe is re putied to be. a ceordial friend of thi' RUssiin gov,.rnmn.nt, it i worth whil. to lek at Vladimir and ..''a itre.sh what I'zarism is. N.o n" , h, r,. to go iUnto thI. scan dalous amours e.f this r. il Czar, inte his stcandilous li.leaucth' s, into his manii for the' gamblning t..le,. It it Inc., to the paeint to .." how h' I icrnished him.. if \ ith n m.nI. \ to e.1atily his mast, ring lusts. Toou Pmall .%in c I.ee1e. \~ihat with his pri\at. Ilortune, and his acllowance frem tic. Impi rial "i'r". aour. 1. Va ldntmir polss, .se d ai for tiun of $.Imeo.eo ~ f ý. .'r. hilall w\a .r.e utly added to bly the' salari s at tache. d to a l-ast ntcumbe r of ottleiti w~hi. hii nl tinitlly Ic.ld. Itut this income ansis nive r sulticie cnt. It had to be supplemelnt. d and lherc arc. at coen. lportra it-drawing i casi s of howi he supplei mcente d it. VWhen Vladimirs ftlaher. Ai. xander II, 'was uass;ssinated it was .i. t.rmlin Sd to build a etlthedrali to his imt.nmorv Iwith lpopullar contrihutions. A call was madc, for mone) ; the rubceIs poured in fromn the p. ople I.-- .he millions. As president of the commit tee of construction of this gre at ite nmorial, Valdimir controlled thos. funds. The archlit ets and cconutrac tors, reassured by the knowledge of the iast flood ot gold lhewing in, went ah.iad with the,.ir work and asked for no lpd . Ye ars passed- dlquitin.; rumor's beegan to spread-at hlst the treasury was examined. It was found practl.et.lly emlpt)'. The $10,000.000 the people had gil.en to build ai me inorial toe Alexandter had teen stolen by Ale'ander'l cr son. Iiahhllamg a eag.'agInt. The' grand dukes. are exempt by Iow fron c eivil or criminal proceeid ings. Valdimir could not bet touched. But he did not want to hear the odliunm of his monstrous precaution. All the macchinery eof the goveernment NTRIKE IN .IEXIt') Mitrikers I)Irhieu Iak to Work by Thrrata. of IlmpriM4nImltlmet. MEXICO CITY, Feb. 1--c'onfir mlation has been reclived here of the reports of trouble with Carran labor .rs on large haciendas In Yucatan. and of summary methods adopted to suppress the strike. Lteveral thousand Cor.ans recently went on strike and the hacienda own Srs asked for an intervention of state authorities. An order was issued to 'mprison the striking Coreans as vag i.bonds. This had the desired effect end the Corean swent back to work. The Careans were imported to re place Chinese coolies who left to try to smuggle themselves across th,, IUnited States border. w as brought to his relscue. A acape* goat was picked out-a lesser of licial of Vladimir's committee. The -c(aplgoat, howev'r, was unot a will ing stcrlfic.; he objected against ac cepting Vladimir's dishono.r eve.n to clear an imperial nume. II,* was forcily giv. n to unde.rstand that if he" did not. ace' pt ihis guilt and its consequ.nen-sL he would e. punIshed In a far more te.rrihle way. The 'eapegoat was sent to Niberila. Vladimir r,,mained in tuslsa ot d, - uise, new ways to st, al n. w millionb. Supplemueniting HIIs Iuicone. Vladimir's position as 1 irtual head of the army gave him many oplpor tunitie s, a spectally during th,, Jap an s-. war, when th. . sxlnditure s weer.e heavily, to ek ouit his insulifltcint inconi',. Three hundlr. 1 ctas. s rf am munition he asnt to M1aneturia hap Ipen d to bI, xaniine I in transit. Th, y wet.r ltaundl to contain lp'lie g stlones. l1e s.nt a train t', tih friont fill d what w as supposed to i.. hal' s ef uniforms for the. shlli.ers. When th' hale.. were.' openn .d th.ey we - r, feun I to c(ntained only stra\\. A c. itain Rlussian;l n, ra:l. w hI 1 .Isle l \\ h re w1ern' tihe- Ioots of his sldlie.rs who wrel nuarlthiang Iaretfoot, replield: "In Vladimir s I''° ,t." .\ f, w years bIefo.re the Ihr. aklng out .f thel war a pharma.e, utieal factory was e setblished in St. IP tersbure, indl r the direction of Vladimir, to nmanufacture. mn-dical lsupplis fore the arnmy. the-re -it I., star. dl awiay 1lo' iusIe intime of war. .Milli.ns we'r .i 4 iu Vladimir for raw mat. rials aii ft .'* liontris m aintainlllit \hhe.n the war blrokek out e ;-n. -ral liicropatkin, then Miniaster ,of Wa -, .iul.ipesedl that a great stock of drt Cs tand supplellts was ready to tbe sent to thi. Iranlit. But he dlsco. r. d to his ,lismav that the.re was no stock of -plpli Ca, that the factory had net ,\,1 I Iern in operation, thuat tihe nil Iletnl allowedl for this purwmose hlad goniie no furtlher tIuan lladilnir'. Imaied-. This lack of mnedicins anlllI the. deilay in getting thm. meant dCatn tl thousainds of sictk peasants in far-en' M1anchuria. Ileeatllllg hIlstory. Itut th, s. deaths trouble-l Vladimir ibut litt. His attitud , 'zuir'isrn a t titude, toward the ipoore. r classes is but ia r' pueltion of the attitude of the rl'ren'h nobility beflore the Ire'rnch It. \'olitin. In 19 14. whll oin hiil w1ay to Warsaw in his priat. tralin. ie was held on ai shling for threte hours, o. ing teo th., lin. bte.ing blocked Iby Ieol' y traitic dui' toi the., moiliza tion oif the tropsp bound for .Man c hura. Vladimir di nlmnded of thi stat:iin ai;.ent that his train lh. allowed to procee.d. The' agent explainmed. The GIrand DLuko sw.aii a feuriously and rellateed his demandl. Again the :gint e-xplailne'd. In his fury Vladimir irrnomptly killed the agenlt. i The pollke recordedl the dIeath as due to alpIplllexy. '1'The.s, f.wv acts help picture the whole man. Antld the plcttre of the 1malt Is lihe picture of ('zarIln. LEltOY (SC. TT. St('IAIJSTS ALT. IAmumcih n.ovement for the Release of Mesican Editor Ilad IBeen Senitanwed to tere Til) Years in. Federal Prison. San Antonio, Texas, Feb. "4.- The National socralist organization has lanched a mouvemient for the release of Antonio P. Arvako, sentenced to serve two and a half years in the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kas. for an alleged paraticipation in the recent Mexican revolutionary out break. Arvoka Is the editor of a Mexican paper at Austin, Texas. State Secretary Ringler of Pennsyl vania, reports the expulsion of N. P. ftees and Adolph Dieckman by Local Philadellphia for having voted for cth erthan candidatesof the socialist party.