IT YOUR CLAM 414KIMnIlrr4 STM[
VOL V, ONT, THYN T NCH , 09. . 16.
VOL. VII. HELENA, MONTANA, THURSDAY, MARCH 4,1909. NO. 16.
ADDRESS DELIVERED IN RIVERVIEW SCHOOL
HOUSE ON THE HUNDREDTH ANNIVER.
SARY OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN
(Uy Edwin H. Dl)v'.)
One, hundred years ago today, in
the la.kwoods of Kentucky, there
was born a child who w.n destined
to b." one of the greatest men the re
public ever produced.
Abraham Lincoln was born in Har
din county, near ilodgensville. Ken
tucky, February, 12th, 1809. His
father had a little farm In the back
woods, which they lived upon. Abra
ham's early life was spent here where
he' was allowed to roam in the forests
at will. But he did not have any par
ticular liking for the woods, he liked
to read and study be.tter than he did
to hunt and fish. When Abraham was
seven years old his father moved to
In-liana where he took up another
pi,.ce' of land somewhat better than
that which he had left In Kentucky.
Thie family settled In Spe'ner county
and after they had lived here two
years Abraham's mother died and the
next year his father went to Ke.ntucky
and married again. In after years
when Alrham was speaking of his
mnither, he said: "All that I am I
ow- to, my angel mother."
Hlis step-mother was always kind
and gentle to him and filled well the
place of a mother. The family struggle
along here for ten years and then
moved to Macon county. Illinois. They
settled near Ne.w Halem. then but a
small village and which has since,
passeld entirely away. liren was
where' he acquired what little school
eedllcatlion he' had and that was not
nluch, only alhout a year in all. HI.
bIor'rowed all of the lbooks available'
and not only read them but studied
them until in many instances he could
re.peat large' parts of them.
When the Black Hawk war broke
out he was elected captain of a com
pany. He. afte.rwards said that he'
didn't see any Indiana but there was
bloody enough battles-with the' mos
When he' came back he' tried store'
keeping, built a flatboat and went to
New Orleans with a load of produce',
came back and was postmaster of New
Salem and surveyed some. lie liked
the study of law but never had the
means with which to buy law books.
A friend of his in Springfield prom
Ism.d to lend him all of the law books
he wanted to study from and so he
walked to Sprlngfleld the follow*t,g
)e'ir :and b'orrow'd a load of then anml
took then' homenr :lad b.egan the stud)
!l, was elected to the state leIls
lhttre for four suece'se e' tl r.:,F. It is
not said what he did while thei.' but
;t is safe to may tha' he did what lhe
thought to be for the' best inter '1t4 of
the common people.
In 1838 he was audmitted t t th bar
and in the futll wing year he In'ove d
to Spylngfield to practice 1 i1.' ,,on
won a reputation as a Jnry lawyer riad
to: k a prominent part in near!v al
of the law case'd of his n !la'ti,er"
In 1884 he canvassed all of IlliaoIs
and part of Indiana in behalf of
Henry (lay, who was running for
President at that time.
Two years later he was elected a
Representtatve to Congress. He con
tinually voted with the Anti-8lavery
party, especially opposing the exten
sion of slavery into the territories.
In 1849 he was an unsuccessful can
didate for the United States Senate.
During the next seven years he did
not take a very active part in politics,
he spent most of his time' at his pro
In 1856 he again stumped the state
in the interest of Fremont, repub
lcan candidate for President.
Two years later he was nominated
as a candidate for the United States
Senate in opposltlon to Douglas. Lin
coin received a majority of 4,000 of
*he popular vote but the Legislature
It880 he was nominated for the
Preside.v. by the republicans and It is
useless to "ate the result, everybody
' When the soniern states learned
that Lincoln had bhn elected they at
once began to secede. 'lncoln did not
pay any attention to thur secedlnlg,
but said that they were never out of
the Union, they had only mie an
unsuccessful attempt at it and bere
only rebelling against the authority ot
the government He at once set about
to put down the rebellion. The South
erners started the rebellion and Lin.
coin, by him steadfastness and persit
tency, with help of able generals man
aged to suceessfuly put it down.
As for a personal description of our
sixteenth President; he was very tall.
lank, his face was gaunt, his features
were good and strong, he had an in
tense facial expression, and his man
ners were impressive and command
ing. He was a man of Judgment.
reason, and power. He was a man of
free, high, genuine, generous man
hood. In his speeches there was cos
*'nt argument, apt Illustrations, espe
cially emphatic phrases, sentences of
fire, there was touches of humor and
ether qualities which produce con
vlction or impel to action. Lincoln
spoke for man, for right, and for
progress. lit spoke for freedom of
labor and he was the foe of huma.t
slavery, which is proven in a sente.nce
taken from one of his great speeches
"'Liberty before property; the man be
fore the dollar." He at all times ad
vised laborers to organize for their'
From another speech wet learn that
tihe great emancipator stood not only
frer the emancipation of men but ale.,
of the women. And from his speech
is as follows: "I go for all sharine
the privileges of government who as
sist in bearing its burdens. Const
,lue'ntly, I go for admitting all to th':
tight of suffrage who pay taxes er
Ihlecr arnms. by no means excludin.,
Lincoln Is today. In the estimation
iof very many th' most remarkabl,l
uaIn the republic vet r produced, pos
sessing the executive ability of Wash.
.ngton, the' tautesmanehhlp of Jefferson.
the firmness and stablliy of Jackson,
and tumanity of Thomas 'ainte'.
In 1856 this greatest of statesmen.
w horm the republlican party consiers.
or lit hlast claims to, consider its
Idyl, made. the following pretdietin:
"I' see in the near future a crisl.
approaching which unnerve's me'.
;and cause's mel to tremble for th'
safety of my country. As a result of
war, corporations have tbeen e.nthron
ed, and an era of corruption in high
pInces will follow, and the mon,.ne
!,oder o(f th' country will ende aver to
prolong their reign bly working on the'
prejudice's of the people, until all th'e
wealth is aggregated in a few hands.
and the' republic is destroyed.
I feel at this moment more anxiet,
for the' safe'ty of our country than ev 'r
before, even in the midst of war. Go..
granted that my forebodings may be
groetndless. Monarchy itself is some
,Ime r hinted at as refuge from the
power of the people. In my presert
position I could scarcely lie justified,
were I to a mit to laise a wsrnin:,
olce' against the alpproach of a re(
turning depotism. It is not needed for
fitting here that a general argument
should be made in favor of popular
institutions; but there is one point
with its connections not so hackne'yedl
as most others, to which ask brief at
te'ntion. It is assumed that labor is
available only in connection with cap'
tal, somehow, by the use of it, induce'
him to labor. Labor is prior to and
independent of capital. Capital is only
the fruit of labor, and could not
have existed if labor had not first ex
isted. Labor is the superior of capi
tal, and deserves much the higher con
sideration. I bid the laboring people
beware of surrendering the power
which they possess, and which, if sure
rendered, will surely be used to shut
the door of advancement for such as
they, and fix new disabilities and bur
dens upon them until all of liberty
shall be lost.
"In the early days of our race'
the Almighty said to the first man
kind, 'In the sweat of thy face shalt
thoug eat bread,' and since then, if
we except the light and air of heaven.
no good thing has been or can be en.
joyed by us without having first cost
labor. And inasmuch as most good
things have been produced by labor.
it follows them. But it has so hap
pened, In all ages of he world, that
some have labored and others have
without labor enjoyed a large por
tion of the fruits. This is wrong an'
should not continue. To secure to
each laborer the whole prodOct of hiw
labor, ua nearly am posslble, is a
worthy object of any government.
"It seems strange that any man
should dare to ask a just God's uasslst
ance in wringing bread from other
'This country, with Its Institutlons,
belongs to the people who inhabit It."
The foregoing shows to any Intelll
gent person that, if now living, Abra.
ham Lincoln would be standing along
side of Eugene V. Debe, flighting In
the present world-wide movement for
industrlal liberty and the unlversal
brotherhood of man.
ARGENTINE SOCIALITS DE
O-lhlials Admit That Ekection Wai
(rooked, bUt Nothing Can
Be .one Now.
IIUENOS AYERH, Fieb. 16.--8v
'ral big protest meetings have bIHen
held in this city against the conduct
of the government during the last
election. Votes were bought before
the eyes of the authorities in public
places, the prices of which ran from
20 cents to $7. Nearly all the news
papers, even the most conservitave,
protested against the board of elec
tions, and, especially against the
President of the republic. Where the
ballot boxes had been controlled by
half-way honest people, the boxes re
malned nearly empty, because the
majority of the citizens do not go to
the ballot boxes. fearing that if they
vote again, he controlling govern
ment they will be Ihot down by spies.
Several shots were fired at Dr. Al
fredo Placios, the candidate, of the
Soclalist party, and when some othi.r
citizens (not Hocialistas started after
the aggressor they were clubbed Iy
the police, and one of thm was ar
rested, while the man who fired at
D)r. Palacios remained at liberty.
t'Ceongressman Dr. Meyer-',il.grini,
,president ofthe board of elections,
said recently In i'cngr.ess: "I am far
from believing that this -li ctien was
a cerrect and legal one, but inasmuch
as this country is so ,backwatrd In this
direction, I belliviv we will not Ihaie
a better result at the piresent time if
we call for a ne.w el, tin,. but I sin
cerily holpe that in theI n.ear future
the elections \% ill I.ee earrie'i oue t in
such an hone,.t n.linl r :s the $ .
This was the onlyv re stuit if ,il! th,
prIotesting. Dr. Loblt, one ee two
elected t('ongretssme n. left for E:urope,
three e days afetr ti ntering etonlgr sie.
receiving during this time tihe usual
s•lary eof aleoiut $t'.i. leer nl lith.
EA'liS MaWrow IAcHwI Ofi' Elf the nIuI4I MUhtEmfuI WofIa oraItors ot IIth So c
ISISMI*tl4,%etIst'i IJo e Airltw . WAIII M3Weak urn Morntanma In, Marci
IiO)WTON HIATTERrI .tRE
Lanmon & Ilubbard nurreule'r to tIe'
I'ulon and )300 Irikersc
Iteturll to .olkt.
I()OSTON, Mass.. , Feb. 2.-The,
striking hatters of this .ity scored
an important victory yesterday when
the l.msMn & lHublbrd C'ompllny.
employinK 300 lmen. withdrew froin
the National Tat Manufacturers' As
sociation and signed an agreenment
with the union. This triumih of th.'
union hatters means p)rutlieall) the
end of the strike in this a it.
It is IH.elihved that this Irea.tk in thI'
ranks of the manul e . r. re will re
sult In victories for ti., strikers in
other cities. Already there Is much
dissatisfaction among the individutli
members of the asuclwiantion. with the
officers who haveu held out promises
of a speedy ending of the strike by
the umployment of noen-unlon hatters.
Several weeks have passed since
the strike' began and yet there' Is not
a factory that has been able to turn
out any work with the' aid of strike
Credit for yesterday's victory is due
to the agitation for the hatters' union
lable made by the irlkers and their
Wright, that the case of the extended
imprisonment of Pouren and the facts
relating to the attempt to have him
extradited by the Russian government
HIogtE MAKERS FIGHT DOUGLAS
Met Working for Dammy Coancn of
Mioe Man D)emand Reeogition
of Thelr Union.
IIAVEItIHILL.. Mass., Feb. 22.
Twenty laaters are on strike at the
factory of the Merrimack Shoe Com
pany. an offspring of the W. L. Doug
lu Shoe, Compony of Brockton. to en
force the recognition of the Boot and
Shoe Workers' Union.
The men, through their business
agent asked for a price list for last
ing about two weeks ago. They were
told to wait until the following Mon
day. February 8, when an answer
woulld be given to their request.
No sooner had the agent left th.'
bullding than the foreman went
around among the help and told them
distinctly that they must treat with
refunted to do so, the firm would pull
up stakes and get out. or words t.,
'T'h. lasters, ho.wver, didn't scare it
bit; they insisted that the firm deal
with their agent, nad that they woult
Iaruain collectively or not at all. They
insisted on a price list ,eased on what
mienufacturera were paying in Brock
ton, and other places for the. same
gr;. d. of work.
hi'elh cemlpuny turne.d dlown the
ipr,,lesition. and the lnsters promptly
striiuck for their rligts.
M. Ttf ll '1 t . EI..N II'l1 1:lt 1 5 I '.
.V . h.1 r.1 L.* %n. of l'hilade.lphia,
..lI h r silx-nmnthe-.li child to Al
.'IIIt:i K1'. r. e ln It, ing ,ell, stiuned
'e. ! I IP- . the mnet, rI sI aid:
:l,,i not \..; IIit t-, II himn fr ineeney;
I . 1 nt wallt to s. II himn at all; bhut
I h . I I.. n lunel.1. te, plr',.iele for him
S* I in tlee s iheart reonirts. II, was
lIaiec.ar aid l l .1i',, \with me. and h." h;as
ih ar, l : litf, of hardship sincetlr the day
h, was Iborn. ., I s.eld him that he,
ii hlt he. ha tle ,. "
";IiEAT ('AMI'kI(;N OF EDI)'CATIOKN
IBEGI'N IIY NEW YORK S(X'
An en'thulsilastic and %i '.l attendedl
meeting of the 2nd. 4th, tth and 8th
Assemlbly districts of the Socialist
party was hIld Thursday in Clinton
hall. and plans w.'er, nimade for the
co'nducting of an t nt\he' campaign of
agitation and organization.
A committee' of file\ was elIectd toi
'nagel a paid organizer to c ork
ailnlng the Jiewlah residents of thi
east side. It was also reslv\t.d to
op'n clasUes in naturalization to he
given once a week at the hleadquar
t.rs oif all the assembly districts of
the 1st agitation dllistrict. A speak
ers' clans will be held *\ery Sunday
at 10 a. in. ait the headquarters of
the Nth assembly district, 318 Grand
street, with Meyer London. Abe 'ah'i
and I)r. (Oiridansky al instructors.
Monthly propaganda leIaflets will also
The east side Soc lallsts are deter
mined to make this year a record
breaking one in the matter of educa
tion and organization.
If the men who "scab" against the
Industrial unity of the workers are
"great American heroes," what is an
appropriate appelation for the men
who scab against political solidarity
of their clasm? Perhaps Ellot of Har
vard will answer. If not, ask Gom.
pers, Mitchell and Morrison.
PORTRAIT OF CZARISM. ANALYSIS OF THE
CHARACTER OF THE LATE GRAND DUKE
VALDIMIR IN ALL ITS COLD BRUTALITY
With Imperial pomp and ceremon.y
there was laid at rest in St. Peters
burg on Sunday one, who was more
the Czar of all the Russians than
Nicholas himself-Nicholas.s oldest
uncle, thet Grand DIuke. Valdimir.
Laid at rest among all the' rulers of
Russia since Peter the Great, in the
cathedral which stands in the centre
of the granite fortress or St. Peter
and Paul. in whose dark sulterranean
dunge.ons are rotting and have rotted
away so many of Itussia's winest and
NOT MEIRELY A. M.N.
It may not seem a gracious act to
speak of ia man's past while, the
priests' words have' hardly yet quit
ringing ablove him. Jlut that royal
eorps.e in his marble tolnab was not
niertIly a man. In life he was the'
leade.r of the inn er clique that dom
Inated th*, Czar and ruled one' hun
dr, d and forty million peolil'. lie
Sta tlh' ItpcrneolltlathIm or Clzarismll
tras (zarlilm lin bonme amid Ik'li.
Ills past duoes not picture for us
me.rely an individual. It pictures for
us a mighty institution. So at a
till \\w hi n outr go\vernment seems t.,
I.. slee ly establishing mire cordial
r htItionls w ith Czarism, w h, n a n.w
I'r. sideunt is aulout to be, inaugurat'de
hIe is re putied to be. a ceordial friend
of thi' RUssiin gov,.rnmn.nt, it i
worth whil. to lek at Vladimir and
..''a itre.sh what I'zarism is.
N.o n" , h, r,. to go iUnto thI. scan
dalous amours e.f this r. il Czar, inte
his stcandilous li.leaucth' s, into his
manii for the' gamblning t..le,. It it
Inc., to the paeint to .." how h'
I icrnished him.. if \ ith n m.nI. \ to
e.1atily his mast, ring lusts.
Toou Pmall .%in c I.ee1e.
\~ihat with his pri\at. Ilortune, and
his acllowance frem tic. Impi rial
"i'r". aour. 1. Va ldntmir polss, .se d ai for
tiun of $.Imeo.eo ~ f ý. .'r. hilall w\a
.r.e utly added to bly the' salari s at
tache. d to a l-ast ntcumbe r of ottleiti
w~hi. hii nl tinitlly Ic.ld. Itut this
income ansis nive r sulticie cnt. It had
to be supplemelnt. d and lherc arc. at
coen. lportra it-drawing i casi s of howi
he supplei mcente d it.
VWhen Vladimirs ftlaher. Ai. xander
II, 'was uass;ssinated it was .i. t.rmlin
Sd to build a etlthedrali to his imt.nmorv
Iwith lpopullar contrihutions. A call
was madc, for mone) ; the rubceIs
poured in fromn the p. ople I.-- .he
millions. As president of the commit
tee of construction of this gre at ite
nmorial, Valdimir controlled thos.
funds. The archlit ets and cconutrac
tors, reassured by the knowledge of
the iast flood ot gold lhewing in, went
ah.iad with the,.ir work and asked for
no lpd . Ye ars passed- dlquitin.;
rumor's beegan to spread-at hlst the
treasury was examined. It was found
practl.et.lly emlpt)'. The $10,000.000
the people had gil.en to build ai me
inorial toe Alexandter had teen stolen
by Ale'ander'l cr son.
Iiahhllamg a eag.'agInt.
The' grand dukes. are exempt by
Iow fron c eivil or criminal proceeid
ings. Valdimir could not bet touched.
But he did not want to hear the
odliunm of his monstrous precaution.
All the macchinery eof the goveernment
NTRIKE IN .IEXIt')
Mitrikers I)Irhieu Iak to Work by
Thrrata. of IlmpriM4nImltlmet.
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 1--c'onfir
mlation has been reclived here of the
reports of trouble with Carran labor
.rs on large haciendas In Yucatan.
and of summary methods adopted to
suppress the strike.
Lteveral thousand Cor.ans recently
went on strike and the hacienda own
Srs asked for an intervention of state
authorities. An order was issued to
'mprison the striking Coreans as vag
i.bonds. This had the desired effect
end the Corean swent back to work.
The Careans were imported to re
place Chinese coolies who left to try
to smuggle themselves across th,,
IUnited States border.
w as brought to his relscue. A acape*
goat was picked out-a lesser of
licial of Vladimir's committee. The
-c(aplgoat, howev'r, was unot a will
ing stcrlfic.; he objected against ac
cepting Vladimir's dishono.r eve.n to
clear an imperial nume. II,* was
forcily giv. n to unde.rstand that if
he" did not. ace' pt ihis guilt and its
consequ.nen-sL he would e. punIshed
In a far more te.rrihle way.
The 'eapegoat was sent to Niberila.
Vladimir r,,mained in tuslsa ot d, -
uise, new ways to st, al n. w millionb.
Supplemueniting HIIs Iuicone.
Vladimir's position as 1 irtual head
of the army gave him many oplpor
tunitie s, a spectally during th,, Jap
an s-. war, when th. . sxlnditure s
weer.e heavily, to ek ouit his insulifltcint
inconi',. Three hundlr. 1 ctas. s rf am
munition he asnt to M1aneturia hap
Ipen d to bI, xaniine I in transit. Th, y
wet.r ltaundl to contain lp'lie g stlones.
l1e s.nt a train t', tih friont fill d
what w as supposed to i.. hal' s ef
uniforms for the. shlli.ers. When th'
hale.. were.' openn .d th.ey we - r, feun I
to c(ntained only stra\\.
A c. itain Rlussian;l n, ra:l. w hI 1
.Isle l \\ h re w1ern' tihe- Ioots of his
sldlie.rs who wrel nuarlthiang Iaretfoot,
replield: "In Vladimir s I''° ,t."
.\ f, w years bIefo.re the Ihr. aklng out
.f thel war a pharma.e, utieal factory
was e setblished in St. IP tersbure,
indl r the direction of Vladimir, to
nmanufacture. mn-dical lsupplis fore the
arnmy. the-re -it I., star. dl awiay 1lo'
iusIe intime of war. .Milli.ns we'r
.i 4 iu Vladimir for raw mat. rials aii
ft .'* liontris m aintainlllit
\hhe.n the war blrokek out e ;-n. -ral
liicropatkin, then Miniaster ,of Wa -,
.iul.ipesedl that a great stock of drt Cs
tand supplellts was ready to tbe sent to
thi. Iranlit. But he dlsco. r. d to his
,lismav that the.re was no stock of
-plpli Ca, that the factory had net
,\,1 I Iern in operation, thuat tihe nil
Iletnl allowedl for this purwmose hlad
goniie no furtlher tIuan lladilnir'.
Imaied-. This lack of mnedicins anlllI
the. deilay in getting thm. meant dCatn
tl thousainds of sictk peasants in far-en'
Itut th, s. deaths trouble-l Vladimir
ibut litt. His attitud , 'zuir'isrn a t
titude, toward the ipoore. r classes is
but ia r' pueltion of the attitude of the
rl'ren'h nobility beflore the Ire'rnch
It. \'olitin. In 19 14. whll oin hiil
w1ay to Warsaw in his priat. tralin.
ie was held on ai shling for threte
hours, o. ing teo th., lin. bte.ing blocked
Iby Ieol' y traitic dui' toi the., moiliza
tion oif the tropsp bound for .Man
c hura. Vladimir di nlmnded of thi
stat:iin ai;.ent that his train lh. allowed
to procee.d. The' agent explainmed.
The GIrand DLuko sw.aii a feuriously and
rellateed his demandl. Again the
:gint e-xplailne'd. In his fury Vladimir
irrnomptly killed the agenlt. i
The pollke recordedl the dIeath as due
'1'The.s, f.wv acts help picture the
whole man. Antld the plcttre of the
1malt Is lihe picture of ('zarIln.
LEltOY (SC. TT.
IAmumcih n.ovement for the Release of
Ilad IBeen Senitanwed to tere Til)
Years in. Federal Prison.
San Antonio, Texas, Feb. "4.- The
National socralist organization has
lanched a mouvemient for the release
of Antonio P. Arvako, sentenced to
serve two and a half years in the
federal prison at Leavenworth, Kas.
for an alleged paraticipation in the
recent Mexican revolutionary out
break. Arvoka Is the editor of a
Mexican paper at Austin, Texas.
State Secretary Ringler of Pennsyl
vania, reports the expulsion of N. P.
ftees and Adolph Dieckman by Local
Philadellphia for having voted for cth
erthan candidatesof the socialist party.
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