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Montana news. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, March 04, 1909, Image 3

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Poet's Corner
Toilful, simple, working man,
Living on the good pod plan,
Striving with the calloused clan.
Why not break your chains?
Were you not meant for a man?
Have a purpose if you can;
Take your place in freedom's van
Why not break your chains?
Life lasts but a little hour,
1eave the stalk and take the flower;
Have the best that's in your power
Why not break your chains?
For your little children's sake
Look around you and awake,
You their lives must help to make
'Yhy not break your chains?
Oh, the power bf discontent!
To a life that is misspent.
Bringing the fire of good Intent
Why not break your chains?
Wake! ye workers, feel your power;
This your chance, and this the hour!
Industry should never cower
Why not break your chains?
To the dawn of social life,
Forward now In holy strife.
Fight with reason, not with knife;
Up, and break your chains.
Socialism points the way.
Bocialism holds the sway,
Socialism here today:
That will break your chains.
Therefore, workers, courage take,
Futures for yourselves to make;
Mankind's future is at stake,
Up, and break your chains.
(By Clell G. Fowler.)
Read books; feed your mind with
the manna of books. Revolutions have
never grown out of Ignorance-but in
lpite of It.
Pity the plutes! The moral de
generation of the superfluously rich
is as apparent as the pauperization of
th1. producers. Capitalism is twice
curs*d. In one form or another it
means death for both manters and
tSo long as the. land and machinery
used for Industrial purposes are owned
by a class of people are dependent
upon the whim and caprice of an
other class poverty and degeneracy
stalks abroad. Vast wealth on the
one hand conduces to idhleness and
sensuousness while on the other hand
poverty condemns th. ri Eses to 'co)n
tinuous drudgery and to rvility. 'I'll
fares the land to hastening ills a prey
where wealth accumul.t'".b and men
Basil Hall. an Enr;lhman who
traveled in this country In 1827 ar.d
1828, considered slavery a great
wrong. He thought ,att-ns import
Ing the product of slave labor wa a
party to the unjust system, and sug
gested that to discontinue the traffic
might be the only way to abolish the
Institution. But his suggestion was
not acted upon. It was impractical.
ils policy was one of restriction.
Commerce must expand. There are
many people today who think the in
tolerable conditions under which the
wage-slaves live might be ameliorated
by measures meant to restrict the de
velopment of capitalist production.
They are mistaken. Restrlctive meas
urea will fail. Wage-slavery will be
abolishod only when the paradox of
social production and Individual ap
propriation has left Its Impress upon
the brains of the millions of the dis
Every effect is fathered by a cause.
Vice In Its manifold forms-drunken
ness, prostitution, robbery, murder,
all have their roots deep In the eco
tiomic structure of society. Moralising
will not stem the tide. Moralists.
Kone, but Kreat and small, have, come
and gone, but evolution goes on for
*.ver. Those good people who would
reconstruct the world by the force of
their genius of words have a very
superficial knowledge. It is sense.
less to preach industry to the millions
of unemployed who have been dlvorc
. from the opportunity to employ
then1elves. It is absurd to counsel
those %-rking people to save, whose
wages will 'ot provide the actual ne
cessities of a re superior to brute ex
istence. Let us have done with mor
allsing. We have hat enough of sweet
sermons and pious plaitudes. Let us
begin now with renewed %ior and en
thusiasm the campaign ot ~ducation
and organisation. Let us oth col
lectively and operate demooraticatly
the national, state and municipal ma.
chlnery of production. The consum
mation awaits the perfect solidarity
of the workers.
At the recent state election In Lower
Austria the socialism party cast 107,
I36 votes and secured only five seats,
while the Christian socialists' 13,9341
votes secured 43 seats. The socialist
party is demanding a fair apportion
Ing of the district The Christian so
cialists are In high favor with certain
capitalistic Interests, which accounts
for their success, and also accounts for
the distrust held for them by the revo
lutionary element
Bosnia. the little Balkan country
grabbed by Austria, also a socialist
movement. The socialists started an
agitation against the war party when
some of the politicians tried to start
trouble and were quite successful In
restoring normal conditions. The so
cialists of Bosnia will hold a national
convention next July.
A Bulgarian named Schurkoff has
formed a socialist party at the town
of Kenprull, In which some two thou
sand persons are already enrolled.
The Conatantinople papers, which
publish this statement, say that Ser
vlans and Mussulmans are also invited
to join, as the new party has no sym
pathy with the revolutionist commit
tee, which it regards as only bands
of lassassins.
Italy's first woman lawyer, who has
lust begun to practice, is Signorina
Lolllnl, daughter of a Roman social
ist and ex-Deputy.
Out of every 100 men who offered
themselves for enlistment In the Brit
ish army in 1907, 63 were rejected as
physically unfit, in spite of the fact
that during the last forty years the
standard of physique required has
been reduced. three times.
The government of Italy has fixed
May 3 as the day when a new par
liament is to be elected. The social
ists are making active preparations to
wage a vigorous contest.
The revolutionary party In Persia
is circulating on postcards and in
larger form a picture descriptive of
"Pe1rsian justice," which shows three
city gate. of Taurls. The men, almost
bandits hanging by their feet from the
naked, are shown suspended from an
opening in the wall, the ropes binding
their feet being fastened to a pillar,
next to which a military guard stands
at "attention." "For hours," runs
the legend under the picture, "these
wretches, the robber Ago and his com
panions, hung, in their badly wounded
condition, before death relieved their
agony. Thousands of people of all
ages and classes looked mournfully
upon these victims of 'Persian jus
tice.' "
Chicago, III., Feb. 22, 1909.
To Locals and Members Socialist
Comrades, Greeting:
You have received a circular letter
from the Women's National Commiti
tee, mailed from this office Janm.ar.
Said communication bespeaks your
hearty co-operation and earn at ef.
forts for the enrollment of women as
party members, and points out the
fact that the last Sunday in this
month (Feb. 23) is especially set
aside for meetings in the Interest of
woman's suffrage.
In furtherance of this movement,
which commanded such marked at
tention in the luast International Con
gress and was so strongly advocated
by the last national convention of
the Socialist Party, I direct your at
tentlon to the following action taken
by the National Executive Committee.
Motion:-"That we recommend lo
cals of the Socialist Party to set aside
the last Sunday in February, 1909, for
the purpose of a Demonstration itn
favor of Woman'. Suffrag,.'"
Motion:-"\Wheruas, the first day ,'f
May has been set apart by the Inter
national Socialist and Labor Move
ments, and particularly as a day
against restricted suffrage, therefor.e
eM It
RESOLVED, that we recommend
that all locals kof the Socialist Part
make the subject of Woman's Suffrag.
and Restricted Suffrage a part of the
program for the May Day celebra
In accordance with the above each
local is urged to arrange a meeting
and set all possible advertising in
the public press for the same.
For the making of a live issue of
any subject, no more effective method
ran be employed than thousands of
meetings held simultaneously. The
Socialists of all the world are agreed
that this subject Is of vital import
Sunday, February 38, the day for
Sooialist women. Join In for Intern. -
tional solidarltg.
Fraternally submitted.
National Secretary.
Good reports are coming in on
the work of Clyde J. Wright, tem
porary State Secretary and State
Organised of Nebraska. At his meet
ing in Stromeburg a Local was or
ganised with 1 charter members.
At his meeting a Local was organised
At a meeting in Lincoln six new
members were secured for the Local.
He is now making an organisaton,
tour of the eastern end of the state
and soon after It is flnished, he will go
into the western end of the state.
A resolution demanding the abro
gation of the extradition treaty with
Russia has been introduced by the
Social-Democrats In the Wisconsin
state legislature. This resolution har
been favorably reported by the state
senate committee to which it was re
ferred. It will no doubt pass the
state senate in a slightly modified
form. So much for a few Socialists in
the legislature. The old party poli
ticians never thought of introlucin.
such a measure. But once introduced.
they will not dare to combat public
opinion by voting against it. A few
Socialists in the legislature of all the
states would put an end to this out
rageous treaty, and secure the com
plete safety of our Russian comrades
in this country for all future time.
Mayor Rose of Milwaukee has vetod
the Social-Democratic ordinance for
the establishment of a municipal ice
plant. The health of the working
men's babies is a matter of small Im
portance to our mayor compared with
the support of the ice trust.
The Milwaukee Social-Democrats
are now voting by referendum on can
didates for alderman-at-large and
school board directors. The election
of the school board next spring
promises to be a very warm battle in
view of the attack of the mayor upon
our public schools, his fight against
the school appropriations, and his
partiality to the Roman Catholic par
ochial schools.
The convention of socialist of )hlo
will be held in the city of Columbus,
March 20th and 21st.
The following is the votes received
by the fourteen leading candidates for
members of the National Executive
Committee and the votes for candi
dates for National Secretary. result
ing from the National Party Rerer
endum upon which the ballots were
counted Feb. 10th. Also th' result
of Referenduc C, 1908., which closed
at the same time as the vote for Na
tional Officers. The National 7xecu
tive Committee candidates art listed
in the order of their votes. The first
seven were elected.
Victor L Berger.............. 6,274
Morris Hlllqult .............. 5,685
Robert Hunter .............. 4,425
A. M. BSimons................. 4.425
ohn Spargo ................. .,06s
John M. Work............... :,14
A. H. Floaten ......... ..... :'.265
Arthur M. Lewis..... ... . .
J. G. Phelpe Stokes... ....... .. 4.
Ernest Untermann ........... 2.464
(.arl D. Thompson........... 2,371
Rtanley . Clark.............. . 2,00'"
Stanley J. Clark ............ 2.009
I'. H. Wentworth ............ 1,523
Lena M. Lewis ............. 1,473
J. Mahlon Barnes, elected.... 10.412
O. F. Branstetter. ............ 2,059
Seth McClellan .............. 421
J. Chant Llpes ............... 407
A complete tabulation of the votes
on both counts will appear in the
February issue of the Official Monthly
By recent referendum Franklin H.
Wentworth, Carpenter St., Salem, was
elected a member of the National
Committee for Massachusetts, and
James F. Carey, 699 Washington St.,
Boston, was re-elected State Secre
At the last meeting of the State
Executive Committee of Massa
chusetts. 330 new members were ad
desrd o the roll through charter appll
cations and members at large.
Charters have been granted by the
national office since last reported to
Locals In unorganllsed states as fol
lows:-8tromburg, Neb., eighteen
members; Bchuyler, Neb. (re-organis
ed) eleven members; ering, Neb., five
members; Columbus., Neb., six mem
bers; Ellisville, Miss., sixteen mem
Ralph Korngold-March 2 to 6, Mo.
under direction of State Committee A.
Litman (Jewish)-Feb. 28. Wheeling,
W. Va.-March 1 to 2, Bellaire, Ohio
2 to 4 Canton-5 to 6 Cleveland.
Lens Morrow LewIs-March 1.
Boulder, Colo.-2, Fort Collins-3,
Oreely-4. Sterling-5, Sidney, Neb.
6, Alliance.
Clyde J. Wrlght-March 1 to 6, Ne
braska at large.
John M. Work-March 1 to 6. Iowa,
under direction of State Committee.
Women's Clubs
Chicago Daily Socialist.
"Unrestricted and epual suffrage for
men and women and we pledge our
selves to engage In an active cam
paign in that direction."
Such is the wording of the suffrage
plank In the' national platform of the
Socialist party. Words are good, but
deeds are( better; and as the' Socialist
party lost no time in letting the deed
follow the words, th(e Socialist women
of this country, who are fighting a
double battle for the' economic libera
tion of their class and the' political
enfranchisem rit of th"iIr se'x, having
good cause for rJolicing.
Acting upon the recommendation of
its national ex.'cutiv,. body the Social
ist party has sat t asl 'e the last Sunday
In February as Suffrage Day. From
the Atlantic to the Pacific coast upon
that day Socialists will make the
cause of disfranchised wo,men the ;ole
topic of the Ir discourse's and discus
sions ,of their writte'n and spoken
thought, the issue of the hour. In
all large industrial .centers, in all
citiesand towns where a Socialist 1o
cal exists, mass meetings will be he Id,
lectures and speeches will be delivered
and all will deal with Ihe, women
question; everywhere Socialists will
proclaim the justice of woman's de
mand for political equality as an in
',vitable, logkt.l result of that eco
r.omic dev-lopm-nt which has 'ast
.ipon her s x th.n same burdens and
responsiflllthies that are borne b.
A national suffrage' day, organized
and successfully carried out by a po
litical party! L.'t the suffragists of
the country take notice' Is their no
other political party in theUnited
States, aye in the whole world,which
ever has done as much for women?
Naturally it will he adove all the
working woman's cause that shall
find its full expression upon our suff
rage day. Too often this cause is
neglec'ted by able suffragistsw he m.'an
we'll, but whose middle class or ct.pl
jllst class ent'iroment and bringing up
are such that they lack a proper un
derstanding of the working woman's
nceeds. Tocoften the suffrage' senti
ment of the propertie'd woman is ex
pressed in the old slogan "No taxation,
without representation." and we hale
cause to be lie've that many of the
bourgeois sufferagists would end their
efforts at this point; that they would
be contented with obtaining political
equality for the taxpaying woman.
and would not continue to battle for
the emancipation of their working
class sisters. But it is the workln;
woman abse\ all who neetds the ballot,
far more than the woman of wealth
and leisure. She needs I tbecause she
'taa more wrongs to right. She needs
it as a powerful and effective weapon
against overwork and under payment,
against all the numerous forms of
tocial oppresaion and economic exploi
tation. She needs it as the ultimate
means wherby she may help to usher
in the coming form of socitey, the co
operative commonwealth, wherein all
men and wome'n shall be socially annd
politically free and equal, and econ
omically secure.
Socialista seek to obtain the bollot
for women, not as a final aim, but
only as a means toward a higher goa:.
They fully recognize woman a share itn
modern industry. In professions, in art,
in social welfare work, in all the
n~umerous phases of modern social lif,.
and they well know htat Socialism
cannot liberate one-half of humanity
and leave the other half behind in its
age long bondage. Ever since Soc
lallsm became a definite movement in
this country women have been among
its ardent adherents. There are
thousands of earnest, capable, loyal
women In the United States today who
make the Socialist cause their life's
work; from grayhaired , venerable
Mother Jones, our modern Louise
Michel, to the young factory girl who
talks Socialism to her fellow i workers.
In falking up the woman's cause, the
Socialist party is only paying a debt to
its women. It is only showing du
recognition of past services, and at
the same time paving the way to bet
ter and more effective services in the
future, when women shall no longer
be confined to "Indirect influence, '
but shall be enable to use their direct
influence at the ballot box.
Join hands, then, comrades, all of
you, and strive otm ake suffrage bat
one of the red letter days In the his.
tory of Socialism in the United States!
We place unbounded confidence in
you, men of the working class, for
when you stand united, you are
stronger than all the other classes
combined. It was you who preven
ted the judicial murder of Moyer,
Haywood and Pettibone. It was you
who opened the prison door for Rud
owits, the Russian political fugitive;
and you are destined to remove at
last the fetters which still bind your
slaiter woman.
Herman Schnlok. Prop.
Library In Connection with the best of Socialist Literature
LEWISTOWN, MONT. Next Door to Poo
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IT I All
because they
5he Butterick
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of New York City
Publishlers of tihe DELINEATOR and
the DESIGNER, and the NEW IDEA.
and LA BELLE Patternsm. has Instl
tuted pro entings in the Federal Court
at Helena, anking for an InJunctilon
against certain Labor Organizations in
blontana, and alM) amskig for $10.000
danmage,. .uutained by raunon of an al
kgtd boyeott levied against the peblI
iationis of the aforeald Butterl.k
Orlanized Workingnen anid their Wivre and ther Sympatblaes will
renu11uber that they tannot now, mnor at any future tine be corn
pelled to purchaine tie
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