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STMOONRTAA NEWS A ABOLI[TW|
OWNED AND PUBLISHED FOR TU f)( 1'I.lIST PARTY OF MONTANA VOL. VIIL a~, an ues~ ui/ wrIt. . HELENA, MONTANA, TBIIISDAY, JULY 8, 1909. NO. 2. Objections to Socialism Answered By C. F. )ight, M. D., University of Minnesota. When AdmiralDewey sailed his fleet Into Manila bay, some natives, It was said, sought his confidence and ad vised him 'to take his ships along a certain course, in approaching the enemy, In order to avoid concealed mines placed elsewhere.lt was reveal ed later that these natives hoped to have his ships blown up by mines that had been placed along the course they urged him to follow. This pretended friendship of th'. natives was a subtrfuge---an effort to deceive. It is natural that the great insti tutions now in power should do what ever strengthens them in their post l Uon. Accordingly subterfuge objec tions to Socialism are urged. Some of them are very absured, yet ignorant people are still misled by them. They are chiefly these: (1.) That Socialism is anti-Chris tian. Catholic archbishops have so declared It to be. Let the disin terested speak in reply to this. The great political writer. Prof. It. P. Ely, says: "It is applied Christianity the golden rule applied to everyday life." The Encyclopedia Britannica says: "'The ethics of Socialism are closely akin to the ethics of Christ anity, if not identical wit them." F. O. Peabody, professor of Christian morals in Harvard university, says: "Jesus was a Socialist, if judged by his teachings." Rev. Father Mcdrady, who died last winter, said: "Christ taught Soclalism." Expressions in line with these come from.i hosts of people the world over, whose perctp tlon of truth has not been clouded by self-interest. At a recent meeting of the Minis ters' Socialist Conference, one hundred and sixty-one Socialist clergymen, who represented thirty-six states and territories, signed a consensus of be lief that "Socialism is the economic expression of the religious life." Bearing In mind the fact pointed out in the March number of this journal that objections to Socialism grow largely out of property interests. is it not more likely that Instead of Boclalisth being anti-Christian those who maintain otherwise have selfish interests at stake? Socialism is not anti-Christian. It is individualism (capitalism) that is anti-Chrlstian. (2.) Growing out of property In terests, the subterfuge charge has been dared, that Socialism would destroy the home. Capitalism, as we have it in our competive system, has largely destroyed the home al ready. Socialism would restabllshit for the toiling masses and make it one where love, fidelity and happiness would dwell more richly, by making it easier, several times over, for the bread-winner to secure means with which to esablish and maintain a home. The average pay of the 20,000,000 of men wage earners in the United States is about $450 per year, while the average output of their labor is from two to five times that sum, and which, under Socialism, they would receive with no more work hours than now. This would climate the the chief condition which now destroy the home-Inability to main tain a home. A very small per cent of men wage earners dare buy or build a home, even if they had the money, because continuous employment is so uncer tain In any one place. The farmer of the West want most of their hired help for but a few weeks in harvest time. Trustificatlon of Industries of ten closes down small plants, and men are let out of jobs, or, it they are transferred to other manufacuring centers by their employers, and they own a home at the closed down plant, they have to sell it at a losu. It they lose their jobs for belonging to a labor union, or by being "scabbed on" by cheap labor, they often have to seek work elsewhere, and thus many worklngmen are forced into a life as nomadle as the Bedouln Arabs lead. This all destroys the home. But Bo cialism would certainly obviate this wrong. At a theatre recently I overheard one of two women in conversation say that goolalists would destroy the moral purity of the home. But it is capitalism that sets two standards of sexual morals and that fawn upon the male libertine. This woman-poor creature-being ignorant of what Ioolalism is, condemned it; and so do many because of ignorance or from mercenary Interests. (8.) An objection almost suggesting imbeollity is this: that loolalism is a proposition to divide up the wealth of M - l'o world epuel''' -moml e.,oplhe. .t ii always pathetic to t.:lk with a p r"-.n so ohtu., as to thlI,ol 'hat So c'elism ever wu!tg -tied *iihI a thing. Socialists urge no equality except in opportunity, and no distribution of wealth to any one beyond what he creates (the worthy dependent on'es excvl ted,) but to each all that he or she does create. If a few are still misled and bewil dered by this "dividing up" objection, let them reflect on the fact that by receiving, as they do, only about one fifth of the value of their toll as wage earners, they are now dividing up hugely with the capitalists. (4.) It has be'en said that So iaullsm uintagoniles man's right to private ownership of property. C'apiltalism also does this. No one In p, rmitted to own privete ly the public .chuols. the city fire department. Irhlce. roads. the inkes, rivers, parks and p,.stul service. and public owner -h0p of municilpal utilities is extenlding rapidly. These social utilities are owned 'o"llective'ly-for w'hich we are all glad 8ocialism would make. more things owned collectively: such as the rail ways oil fields, coal mines and the land and machinery upon which we. allhlpend for life and happiness. hut under Socialism every person could own privately, as now, his or her home, automobile, yacht llbrary and as much of any form of nonpro ductive property and means of en joymetn as he could earn. Private ownership of these would bee more secure than now. (5.) Socialism, it is said, would pinace us all on a common level in .ur "*'arning capacity." Socialism would do this but little more than we are now thus placed. In a group of a hundred workmen in almost any trade some of them areT twice as strong as others, and ex pend less of their energy-their earn ang capacity-by one half, perhaps. In doing the same day's work as the' less capable and weaker ones do, yet the same pay is given each. while the stronger might produce twice ar much; and if one of them makes an Improvement in the work methods in use, or in the mahnilnry, that proves a labor saver, his improvement or In vention usually ,becoemes th'e property of and beneilts the employer by virtue of the discoverer being In his employ. The greater capacity-mental in this case-' in the worker. is not rewarded by relathely greater gain. Under Sociallsm undoubtedly such a person would be pensioned as well as hon ored for his useful discovery. One person today in te'n thousand ace'umulates great wealth ($1.000. 000) through his greater capacity; as the objector to Socialism does, is a msnelannr. Sonme call it "thieving capacity," others more mild call it "acquiring capacit)," certain it as no one can accumulate a million dollars without exploiting others. Honest earning capacity is not such a varying quantity as many suppose' it to be. Men do not differ so greatly In ability. John D. Rockefeller has "acquired" many thousand times more money than many a good busines man, but It is absurd to think that Rockefeller has many thousands times ability of the other men. If he has, Mr. D. Rockefeller ,anst be a god in deed. Beyond a certain point It is money that makes money, through interests, profits and rents, and not the earning capacity or merit of the Individual. 8oclalism would reward each person according to his merit-the value of his labor--and not, as individualism does, according to his ability to ",A: quire" by some high form of graft or grab or exploitation of society. (6.) It is objected that Socialism would destroy the incentive to pro gress. Yes it, would be insentive to progress in the above named vicllur means of acpulring wealth and in selfish extortion, one person of an other, In Interest, profits and rents But under Sociallqm the collective ·g od would be p"*minent and the In e ntive to prgrems along all utill tltr.,an lines woullt be augmented. Anything d'ne by one that espen Ie!ly benefited the public would more ciat talnly than now beneI t the doer of it. The invertor would not he robtled of the honor and benefit of his invcntion by hook or crook, as so com nmonly occurs tcday. I Ife pensions and honors would, Ito douibt, be conferred on thore who dis c vor the new and useful, or who other .who prove benefactors to the race This reward Inhonor will always re main a great Incentive to worthy deeds. It would operate under So (Continued no Page 3.) WHAT WILL SOCIALISM DO? It will give to every worker tl,,. fI'll value of the product of his labor. It will reduce the hours of hlabor in Iprportion to the increased powers of production. It will abolish child labor. It will abolish the landlord. the lendlord and the capitalist. It will give employment to all who desire, and will pension the oldl. It will abolish charity and gi, e the l1,eple justice. It will lmolish want, destitution and the poorhouse. It will permit every member of society to develolp the highest and the Iest. It will abolish classes. It will abolish strikes and h ckouts. It will make poHssible a government of the I.c1le. It will aibolish the trusts by making them the lprohlertv of all the people to be operatel detswicratically for their benefit. It will do away with private ownership of the means of life. It will bring about collective ownership of the mneans of life. It will make labor saving machinery a benefit instead of a curse. It will abolish the poor tramp and the rich tramp. It will abolish rent, interest, profit and every form of usury. It will organize armies of construction. It will abolish armies of destruction. It will albolish crime and criminals. It will abolish comltltition for bread. It will encourage competition in study, science, ex ploration, invention and the arts. It will alslishl promtitution. It will abolish "graft." It will break tip some of the shacks today called "homes." It will make lMwsible for every man a go.(l home. It will abolish "desertion" .,nd erulty. It will in trodtaee love and harmony. If you are in favor of this program you are with us. If you df.ire this and wante,,. :,.Igt in our hian- <e , . will join the $soialist party and work for Nocialism. Socialist Editor Sentenced to Jail. Fred Warren Tells the Judge What the Function of Court are. A remarkable Speech. (On lust Friday at Fort Scott, Kan ssts. Fred I). Warren managing editor )of th Appeal to l:tason, was sent ,-nced to six months An jail and fined $1.500., by Federal Judge John C. Polloch. Warren was recently convicted here of the charge of sending through the mails an offer of $1.000 reward to any one who would capture ex-Governor Taylor of Kentucky and return him to the authorities of his native state, where he was wanted for the murder of Governor Gobel. The purpose was to arouse the public over the kidnap Ing of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone from Colorado to the state of Idaho. The court overruled motions for ar rest of judgment and new trial, but af ter imposing sentence granted the de fendant seventy-five days to prepare papers for an appeal. Warren was released on bonds of $2.600. his bondsman being John H. Crlder, a prominent Republican of Fort Scott, who, thodgh a stranger to Warren, volunteered to act as surety for the latter's appearance in court. The argument on a hotion for a new trial will be argued in the federal circuit court at St. Paul In November. Uncontradicted evidence was intro duced by the defense showing that several jurors had declared them selves against Socialism, the Appeal to Reason and the defendant, prior to their sitting on the Warren case. This evidence created a sensation and is the talk of the town. Darrow's analysis of the Indictment was a keen reviewof the processes by which the Indictment was found. Warren's un expected speech in response to Pol lock's invitation to show cause why sentence should not be pronounced, produced a profound impression and caused the court to gasp with as tonishment. In the course of his remarks. War ren said: "My arrest end convlction is the first instance on record where a man was prosecuted for attempting to bring to the bar of Justlce un in dicted fugitive charged with the crime of murder. There mest be some reason why I alone of the thousands of men who according to the rule of this court and the. ollpinion of the dis-e trict attorney and his assisant, have nommitted substantially the nam, :act. should be singled out and markd for prosecution. * * * * "In conclusion irmit me to say that I am not asking the mercy or lenieeny of this court. I have com mitted no crime and there is festering in my conlsienei, no accusation of guilt, but if my conviction and punish ment will serve to rivit public at tention upon the abuses which I have tried to point out, then I shall feel I have not suffered this humiliation in vain . "After all, this is the price of human progress. Why should I ex pect immunity? The courts have ever been and are today the bulwarks of the ruling class. Why should they not punish offenders against that cleas? In feudal slavery the courts sustained the feudal lords, in chattel slavery they protected the slave owners, and In wage slavery they defend the industrial masters. "Whoever protested for the sake of justice or In the name of the future, was an enemy of society and persecuted or put to death. "In one of themost eloquent char acterizations of history, Charles Sum ner, treading the march of the cen turies, pointed out that the most in famous crimes against liberty and pro gress of the human race had been sanctioned by the so-called courts of Justice. 'This case is a mere instance in the mighty struggle of the masses for emancipation. l8owly, painfully, pro ceeds the struggle of man against the power of mammon. The past is wlitten in tears and blood and the future is dim and unknown, but the flial outcome of this world wide st-uggle is not in doubt. Freedom w it conquer slavery, truth will prevail o\er error, justice, will triamph over injustice, the light vanquish the dark men, and humanity, disenthralled, will rise resplendent in the glory of u versal brotherhood." arren's speech captured the crowd in the court room, and many demo I tn and republicans joined with the k aSlists in extending congratulations. Preparing For The Reception of The Royal Hangman. Brussels, Jun 1 17, 1909. Dear t'omrades: In : few days Nicoheis II, 'zar cf !:ulia,. will undertake ai jousllrt.. across. Europe' and will seojournll in Hwelef.n, EnKglandl. Ifranee.. :,nd Italy. TI,. conscious 'working class ca nnoet consider this visit as an ordilnary in cidelnt of offtilal diplomacy. ('apit alist government will certainly retain their part of gr.eeting the' tyrant of working and Intell. etual Itussia, but the nations cannot look upon sie'"h an indivlidal as a de.siralle guest. A\I,\'. all it is the' duty of workers to \ohic'. what the in'mens,. majority ,of th. ir fe'llow-citiz, ust have' not 'e.ase d rc. peating during the's. last years. Al ready a voice of ve.nge nl., that of 'litizen Brantlng. sleea king in lthi name' of the' whol Hoeclal-dcmfcneratic' group,. has I, , n he.;ard in th, Sw. dish I'arllemnt Alre'rady in Englitnl,. the ih legates and the. organs of the atfillated partl, s ,t oir bureau have' deel., d to organize manifestations of protest, and, two days ago, Will Thorn.. echoed their se.ntlm. nt in Par liment at WV'.stminster. France. and Italy cannot r. main silent as he' ho, incarnate's the reign I of .bleedling reac.tion and whose' reign has been d,elsastrous for Itussia and for all mode rn civilisation, passes through their midst. Indeed, Instead of free ing the peasants. Nicholas II has star\ved them. Instead of practising a policy of econeomy and linan, eal purification, he has inn the cor': etr, into debt antd h'ts tole'rated in tl'. army, a, in civil administration, a systm of organlzeld brigandage. Iii stead of ,.n'er : ':':r Inte'ill.ctual citl ture' in an "m;i tI. which numce.rs ". pe.r c. nt of ill,.,ti.: te peo'e,,h. hIe 1h., malintainu.,i a stupiidl censorship and, hils cruelly pers.ecuted the mneost de 'otel fri nds of pihllic instruction. Inst.-ad of r.-e.stallishiltg ord,.r by lihe rty he' has multiplliehd punishme'nt by hanging. II. has constituted him s, If the titlect protector eof the UL'n n of 'Oh. ,'.;lstao n IP " l""' r1'.' e',n. t enir ,r. ganisation of programrs and politie: I assssinaltions. I.' huts sol. tml1 .[ - e', lt i tih insta.'tel.t. anleei il ,'r. l r ' h I t Ill, cll , e shouldll dc .ullc t of his c. n plll icity in this infa:niv, hie has. \\ith the' c(n cerr, ne, of' th.c coertll lit. oli.cially st1,ileis, d this acsw.ciation of Iandits. Helsh e'nctulragemenl.t \;ias ii ,t S.llli. fit fI'r him: he' hase glentll 01 inllipnity to the black bands, ly p.crdinuing tlt, ir lmembers who have' I... in enl et' t 1i. assassinations; Ihet has lnt c, is. I. ex changing thlegra.ts with th, ir lresi ehent. i)r. Doulro\ in, , a nitctl'iious tcriminal. who aulls,.- I, . h. p y Jell,,s t", be killed. who e as a, S ice , ,I ci. thi, grand-ducal geo\ecrnnmel' o f l''nl.t I of having ceaused I)elputy c,. rz. lt, ir teo b,e assamsinated , who v a;is denoiei, I ,by his former secretary ProusstlS tk , tas having Instigated the' oeutragee in which 'count Witte was to ha\,. nleut w\ith his death . This infamous pollcy Nicholes II has comnpl,.te'd by lakling of spying a state Don't follow some man in your local that you think ought to know some thing whether he does or not. It is the special characteristics of the de mocracy for which socialism stands that every individual must do his own thinking. You have all had experience of some man whom you thought ought to kuow something, when he was put in a place of re sponsibillty, going all to pieces, dis organising and confubing the local. and completely tearing down the good work that had been done. Work of any value In a soclallts movement is constructive not destructive. Few THE HARVESTER TRUST. The holders of the stock In the harvester trust, with the actual and par value of their holdings, as furnished by Mr. Edgar follows: Shares. Par value. Fair value. Cyrus H. McCormick ........ 150,000 $15,000,000 $7,500,000 Harold McCormik .......... 150, 000 15,000,000 7.500.000 Anita McC. Blaine .......... 150,000 1.000.000 7,600,000 Stanley McCormick .......... 100,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 Mary V. McCormick .......... 150, 000 15,000,000 7,500,000 Nettle McCormick ........... 150,000 15,000,000 7.500,000 William Deering ............... 76,000 7,500.000 3,750,000 James Deering .............. 75,000 7.500,000 3,750.000 Charles Deering ................. 75,000 7.500.000 3,750,000 Richard F. Howe ............ 26,000 2 o.500000 1,250,000 W. E. Jones ................ 26,000 1.000.000 500,000 John J. lessner ................ 25,000 2.500.000 1.250,000 Total ....................1,135,000 $113,500,000 356,750,000 This table, according to Mr. Edgar, shows the holdings of the various stockholders on April 1, 1903, and the valuation i. given at $60 a share. Airil first, in the two succeeding years, he says, a fair valuation would be $60 a share, and April 1, 1907, $75 a share. This would make a fair valua tion of $84,937,600. Mr. Edgar conteds that there is due in back taxes for the years named $4,500,000. The penalty provided by law for the failure of stockholders to pay taxes as they become due Mr. Edger figures at $2,600,000. This makes a total of $7,000,000.-St. Louis World. Institution ins4prable l fronl his sys , ni of \governme.nt The as-.w afftir oin thils point of ijew has torn dow' \, 1col, ring.. It has laid bare .i. r I'v i s corriapt from a m.oral point of \I :Iow it is from an ',onmie point S,'. %1, and has pro,'- d that the St. I'. t- I , ,ii cammirilla has instigtated plitiat .rimes in ordir to 1.ad its autlhlrs to .t.rtain death. I.astly. a recent int.rpellation in the Iolini; ha:s ld.monstrated that thh. i.x .ni naltln are accompa ni.l by thrl ats of ild.a:th, which art meant to I;ils' td'.llesitionl s from th." a qiius.d. A. ting on ord. is from high pla e.s, th, prison adlministration practins.s syst mInt:i tfmgging and torturing of prisone.rs. wtlllh or. than once, death as a result. It\ ti, dir.(ectors, ord, rs the solditrs shoot m. n and wom, n prison, rs through th,. windows. At th. prI s, tit momn nit ,pidnemic. of t' phus and fi,\ r art. raging in the majority oif the prlisons. as a result of insulflcient sanitation. as a r.sult of the lack-o-r thit. had quality of tfoids, as a r sutit of ove*r-popullation. In I"'feruary 19i. thert were 11.1:37 prisoners, whe.r th. re is not sulmtietnt room for half that quantity. There arn nlumerous casts of acute pihthisis, of insanity and the prislo.ns trans formed lirst into torture. (hambers, hiomnl.e finally .,.metari.s for the prison,.rs and hottl ds of contagion for the rust of th.e populatiion Will the ii. ilized world H.-tclar., itself accompilice of all these. albom inations, by letting their responsible author pass without iprotestation? W1ll it Ibend the kn.ee ,. tor this potentate. who surljpa.soN in cru.elty Abdul Itamlid. who, re.\.nges. himself for a crush-id re-olution,, by torture and ass.assinations. and whos.- obje.ct is to e.xtract n, w millionsm itn .rd, r to continuet, his rn.farilous work' Dioes that when thi. itussian go,\ rnment undirtauk s to try extraditied pris oners by thi. re.gular court, th-ey ha\,. them ll bht ipoint-blank during trans prt to, unather prison and tha:t they justify this crime hby stating that the prisoner trieid to .lscape ' It s., tnsto uts that the. timl. has cenl to r, act against this rl.gine w hi. h thri, it,-ns the whoii, of the I'. a.t. Air, idy in .ermany. .without mtuch troualh .. w, 'an taiu luit isians oaf pali.,- \ hio t'c,-.e,.rate in ith. acts of sl.\ing atnd prt.-cation oif the oc cult rg. illisations of S1. 1', tersburg. ,il''11 n- tagKistrati.s \who arrange jud .iatry ,medi,. s, with the object of pIarsul il" st'lit.*tl , -tI t -: i',rrW i,... ln; to Niclhlis 1l., son, f',,d for his allhows. InI $, its.,.tland. high jus tit.- t:s -sl, 'n twhat it is w.orth Ira : a In'I t]l point of i . ;it tith, time ll' l1 the 'i lstilh ft atfair,. and in lifIgiulnt. at th. pr.es. nt mimint an att'-mpt is lbeing mad. to ma kt this littl. co,.untry an a -cont.plic, of th crim s of a'z.arism. li.a-tly, iin "'rana., the . r- i 'tusslait lt.,n l ., \t. lil its ramihcations :ill it, rn , rlndr thl, d .ree Itllt , i As, \a.. a..c .li+iic.s, "who. *, \, ral timn, s.la.\, trid to .comnlao mis,. thi- richt of shIt, r. 'Th.1'a - . I ti. i to' allt . thatraltt. rsi on. of tih, ,point.s ,I the pir, lit loi nt. Tht y tt nd to protn. that i'z.ii.'n is , , kin. to r.,.stablish its lanci. nt h. g manyi politcy and a;t tit. sanme tiln to renew. the lib. rticti. traditi.on iof tith Saur.r .d Allian.ce.. lIut Ih, lit , ratie .iIlg ,-.nm-.nt of woirk ilag-n, it mllst unt In" haimp riedl ,ith,.r hy lthi pus.ill.ininy iof .inmiddl-ctlass ide niinracy. nor by th"i' 'iot.nce. of tit, dsu-itlic autn.rat. That is why it shall itak, its ,voice, to ha, hteard -v.,ry hr. alnt it shall signify to tihe chitfs of the black hands, that w' are not yi-t ripe for the knout. l:Xctaltiv'' Committee of the TR. S. I. la:douard Ansei,-., Leon FIurnetnont. Emile Vand,.r\.hide, C'amille lluysmans,. Secretary. men ar' fitted for leadership. Most persons who trylt simply exhibit their own defects. Beware of the man who wants to pronounce the ultimatum of what your local should do. It is those who make the long pull and the strong pull, who are not discouraged. who sacrifice, suffer. starve, but still keep doing, who accomplish things for the groat revolution, who keep building, buildings in the face of obstacles before which others whine and retreat-these are the souls and the characters that have made the revolution go in all ages. Will you help the great work?