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THE MONTANA NEWS.
ISrUED WEEKLY. OFFICE 10 PARK AV. P. O. BOX g08 Entered at the Post Omoe for trans mission through the mall at second elas. raes. IDA CROUCR-RAd WI SIaor amnd Mammsar. SUBUCRIPTIONS: One Year ..................... S0o Six Months .................. h5 One cent per copy in bundles up to S@S National Headquarters, J. Mablom Barnes, Secretary. 180 Washl.gton Street, Chicago, IlL JAS. D. GRAHAM. Local Work. The. National Boclalist organization reports 56,000 dues-paying members. One correspondent says he does not know where they all come from, as he sees so little real work being done around him and he does so little him self. And this observation is largely applicable to a large section of the western country-not to invade the sections of the east. The workers and organisers say that the movement Is practically at a standstill in North Dakota, Colorado, Utah., Idaho and Wyoming. They say it is noticable that wherever there is a local paper that the movement shows greater activity, as in Washington, California and Montana. Any kind of a paper is better than none. Even the short time that Wyoming had Its local paper. "The Watchman," a greater degree of interest was manifested. In Montana the locals are showing little Interest In actual work because of the confusing element of an attack on the paper that has been Injected. But even this stir will probably result In good after the trouble is over. This alarming lethargy is so deep saeted that the State Secretaries com plain that half the time they get neither replies nor reports from the Local Secretaries, and it is almost Im possible to make it satisfactory for a speaker. Speakers say that they are met with countless complaints of party lack of interest, trifling locals, disputes, lack of attention to halls, ad vertising and entertainment of speak ers, and that local members instead of realizing their own shortcomings say that the National Organisation should take up the local work: The writer, from an experience of over a dozen years in the field work. is of the opinion that no outside influence will ever develope a local situation; that local Sociallet sentiment must be built up locally. An outside worker, even though he go in and stay several days or a week and work faithfully can accomplish but little of a lasting nature, much better results are ob tained by sending speakers to points that want speakers, and where con ditions have been so arranged that the work of the speakers will have its proper effect, many points are an xious to obtain speakers. These are the points that will do good work. Socialism is the abolition of the privately owned Industry operated for the benefit of the owners and the sub stitution of the socially owned Industry operated for the benefit of the workers. The labor Phase of the 8ocialst Movement. The Socialist movement ig a labor movement or it Is nothing. It is a continuation of the age-long strug gle of labor. This struggle was strong, and well-defined and militant thous ande of years ago. The Roman armles were fed by the united labor organisations. These were the purv eyous of food by contract to the Roman empire. So aggressive were those ancient labor organisations that they organised revolt after revolt, conducted many wars, and at one time held the Roman armles at bay for ten years. But these terrible strug gles caused little or no change in the condition of the workers Organised society was too much for them and their efforts at freedom were visited with terrible vengance. They were exploited to the limit-made to pro duce, the wealth that others enjoyed. It was only ohanging eoonomne oon ditlons that changed the condition of the stave, the workers. He had no '. program; it was only organisation for resistance and protection with him. The form of his slavery has ohanged' but he is still the exploited slave-the produoer of the wealth that others en The loetaltst movement is simply a oontlnuation of the long struggle. But it is a form of this olass strugglo that has left the futile, dUnd iracisable method beh*I, sad ls moving forward I with a ooaseloUp, lntelligent program I of conquest through the developing 4 former oft Democracy. ?gq labor to I be free, ad not governed, nd work i only that It may enjoy Its own product. It must lnsinuate itself into the powers of the se#o body. It must form itself supelrior to the man it contends agalnt It must excel In eflclency, ada.llstratlon, executive power. And to do this it must learn all those thlags. This is what the constructive program of Socialism means. It is learning to do by doing. This progress in the efficiency and administration abilit) of labor is most developed in the union organisationr. BR the Socialist movement has the program, now it this Socialist move meat Ib not a labor movement it is nothing and unless we are working directly on and along with the labor problem there is practically no sub stance to what we are doing, but simply a dissipation of energy, in empty vaporing that lead to no de finate result The Socialists must become the workers and organizers in the labor movement. The workers of almost every town need their organizations developed and strengthened. The Socialists, both the professional work ers and the resident Socialists should devote their energies to assisting this organization. By rendering material service to labor in this way, by becom ing familiar with the needs and the memtberhip of every union in the city, the working men will have more con fidence in our sincerity when we claim that they must adopt the Socialist pro gram. As long as the Socialist party has acabs in its ranks, as long as it harbors those that are a perpetual interference .\ th thel organization of labor, as long as our workers are entirely ignorant of the labor problems around us, and simply theorise our abstract some thing that they have read, the Socialist party as a working class program will not make much perceptible ad vancement. The unions must see by actual demonstration that the Socialist movement carries their interests, fights their battles, strengthens their powers of re sistance, uses its press as a labor press, and ,moreover, puts forth a definite, constructive, political, local program, presenting to the masses of labor something tangible to work upon vhen the Socialists In a locality do his the labor men will take on in erest in the Socialist party. The spy system. To show how well the spy system Is worked by the great capitalist con cerns. George Riddell, the spy who operated so long at Telluride, Colo., among the Western Federation, was for several years pursuing his degrad Ing business at Eureka, Utah. He Joined the union when he first struck town, "to show he was all right," lived well, treated his friends, among the miners liberally, entertained them on Juicy steaks, didn't care whether he worked or not, said he was discrimin ated against because he was "such a good union man," and came very near being a delegate to the conven tion of the Federation His zeal and his many treats In order to become a delegate first aroused suspicon among some of his friends. But he said his wife's people lived at Denver, and he could not afford to buy two tickets, and his wife was going on a visit. and he would like to go as a delegate. The exposure made at the Haywood trial tore the mask from Riddell and blocked this. But very long ago the coal miners at 'Red Lodge, Mont., had a similar experience. A bright, cheerful, dimple-cheeked fellow ap peared among them, and was so pop ular that' in three weeks he became president of the union. One or two of the members were wary and put a watch on him to see whether he worked or not and whether he spent much money, nothing unusual was discovered until the day before elec tion It was decided to get him drunk and see if he would talk. The plan worked to a dot. Under alcholic in spiration the fellow said he didn't care Whether he worked or not that he drew his $150. a month anyway, that he was well taken care of with other lingo of the same cast. The next morning when he came to him self he lost no time in getting out of town, and was never heard of in those part again. Montana, Idaho, Utah and Wyoming are honeycombed with spies wherever the labor movement stirs. Butte has been the center of this nefarious trafc for many years. It has weakened and emasculated the union movement and kept .the Socialist movement In a con tinual state of turmoil and chaos for many years. Judge a tree by its fruits. Party Allffairs. The bocalIist party of Montana han been giving signs during the last few montheof some labor pangs premon Itary to the birth of a constructive policy. Several nurses of the 41igl - tion of Mrs. Gamp have been In pAtty constant attendance. The result Mles been some rather singular protests as the offspring of international so clalism. But activity Is the law of life, and anything is better thea the stagaation of the sublime heights of mediosracy. Comrade James D. Graham, the state secretary, whose term explre in October, has resigned his position in order that his entire time and energies may be given to the success of the party press. He relinquishes him offce to his successor so soon as the latter has been elected and qualified acoord ing to the provisions of the constitu tlon. Montana in order to be in line with a few states of melodorous fame In party chronology, Nebraska, Mlane sota, Washington, has beep treated to an Incipient bolt from the olicial or ganisation. Certain individuals have done nothing since their assoclation with party affairs in August emcept to call committee meetings and run up an enormous expense account upon on already bankrupt treasury. An ineffectual attempt was made to force another state committee meeting In March. By dint of much wlreing. telephoning, and so forth, seven per sons game to Helena in violation of the constitution and called themselves a state committee. Four of them were from points that had lapsed for such a long time in state and national dues that they were no longer able to participate in the activities of the national orgal.satlon. Nevertheless they styled themselves the offcial body of the party, appoint ed a new state secretary, who was not a member of the party, did various unmentionable things concerning the Montana News, which the party had dropped by referendum a long time before, made false aAldavits to the postal authorities concerning the dis posal of Mrs. Haslett's and Mr. Graham's mall, and capped the cllmax by lgnoring the established organian tion and puttting out a referendum on their own hook. The result was such as any clear minded, business head, familiar with party matters would know from the beginning. Mr. Hufaker. the post master looked Into the matter and ordered the maill given to Its rightful owners. The district attormey oe the federal court sent word to the one who had unlawfully taken the a teans News mail relative to its rer!n. The Judge of the district court ren dered the decision that those who were handling it were entitled to put out the paper. The national office re fused to furnish due stamps to the new pretenders, and the national ex ecutive committee informed them that Socialist party business was not done that way. And so ended the bolt that died abornin. Of constructive, educational propa ganda party work none has been at tempted by these would-be arbiters of party destinies. The 'labor field of Montana are white to the harvest for such work. Even the simplest activities of party politics are eeg lected. It is time to awaken from this mesmeric, childish, spell. The labor movement calls us. Let us work. INVITING REVOLUTION. That labor, when It gets the upper hand, should be tyrannical and un reasonable, certainly seems forgive able In the light of recent news car ried over the wires. Charles M. Schwab made the threat, and it was carried out, that attempts to revise the tariff would meet with wage re ductions on the part of the Steel magnates, and more recently ttill, comes the news that the coal opera tors will give their men the alte.na live of signing the old agreement or acceptan reduced wages. Truly these are ethical methods of settling public questions or labor dis putes. Wise capitalists and sm ployers of labor frown upon this l$a ner of doing businem, knowing full well that the sewing of such a ad will reap a harvest of reprisal om the people affected. To seek to crush a popular o ment or to break the power of I In such a way is to Incite disoo at. hatred and sedition, and Just as re as the magnates persist In that IM of diplomacy- the law of tooth fang- they wllibring upon t i selves that very law they invoked. When men are beaten down d trampled under toot, they erns be blamed If the spirit of hatred as re venge dominates over talraegg en they rise again--or they alwasL again. Despite the reputed wl4e nd brilliant energy of aptg a[Se try, events would seam' o l6w em lacking in that a . i P Ity which should rule b & 55 all human activltlia-ommmos ame. "----- . 1flr5 .. IDAHO NOTES. To .the Las ad . ambers of tll' oeiMat piarty of Idaho The oamaeiga of 1908 has passed Into history. It was undoublehly the best ever ooaducted by the Socialist party of Idaho, and on the whole eminently satisfactory. The vote for our candidate was a splendid show ing. The Increase of membership of party gratifylng and financial support good as could be expected. The Camoagna of 1910 is Now on. Much of our time, efforts, and mon ey were wasted, so to speak, during 1908 oampalgn owing to the lack of an olmeont working organization and it is our desire to remedy this weak ness at once, and have secured the services of John O. Wanhope for this purpose. Comrade Wanhope is a speaker and organizer of ability and we ask that locals and comrades everywhere will give him their hearty co-operation to the end that we, in Idaho, may build up an organization capable of the highest service in our efforts for working-class emancipation. Let every one do his part and we can have the best organization in the U. S. Let our motto be: "AgItate, EOdnaete, Organise." The Socialist party is to be con gratulated that the middle and Mod die-headed clasu has again been de clsively defeated. The great capital lsts are now in full control and eco nomic evolution can go on unimpared by middle-class reactionaries. Clams lines will be more clearly defined than heretofore, thereby making it much ealer for the great mass of people to see and grasp our principle. The workin-class must learn its strength and put itself In control of the political machinery of state and nation. We must have an organitation capa ble and fighting for their rights con tinuously to be worthy of their sup port. Let us all work shoulder to shoulder, persistently and systematic ally to make every moment, every ef fort, and every dollar expended by us count more for *orking-class solid arity and emancipation. A "Speclal Stamp Organizing Fund" will be sold at 21 cents each and each member is requested to take these stamps monthly and also render such additional aid as they feel able, to meet expenses of organization and propaganda as outlined. Help. We urgently insist that steps be taken at once in every county to pre fect a local in every precinct and county organization. Comrades let there be no breech caused by our ueglect of duty. Agitate, Educate and Organize and the victory is ours. State Executive Committee. Kellogg, Idaho. Editor Montana News: Am very glad to see you getting out such agood paper, also that some of our Idaho comrades are wakin up. I am engaqed in teaching, this, with poor health and stormy weather, prevents me from doing much for so chalism. Let as all get to work, support our press, build up our locals and strengthen our cause in every way. We need more trained workers, why not establish a training cshool some where in Idaho, to train workers? Let us have a three months term this year as a starter. A systematic canvass among our locals, and people In sympathy with us, no doubt will raise funds that will surprise us. It seems to me we ought to have a special Idaho edition of the News, or at least part of the space for Idaho. Why not organlse buyers unions, concentrate our purchasing power in every possible way. It we do this, some people wil soon sit up and take notice. Comrades of Idaho, speak out through the News, I think our com munications will be published. Let us be up and at work. Capitalism is an empty shell. Let us go out and possess the land. Fraternally, Geo. W. Herrlngton. Don't lay the blame of your own indifference on somebody's else real or fancied shortcomings. It is the duty of every 5ocialist to do what he can to change this system of horror and misery regardless of what others may do. WANTED-A Soclalist Traveling Companion 'Rorud the World with Wkshire's All expenses and a salary paid. A red hot Socialist preferred. Write at once for complete latormation. WILIHIRI'S MAGAIXM., Dept. 13. 00 Wlltiam St., N. T. Montana News 50c the Year ' Don't Be A SOCIALIST unless you know WHY you are one. The cause of So cialism has been tremendously injured and retarded by the ignorance of those who talk and write about it without a proper understanding of its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing up" and the story of the "Irishman's two pigs" come from that source. The capilulist writer and speakers deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming of liberty for all. "The Library Of Original Sources" In the original Documents-Translated. sweeps away the biotry and superstition that has ac cumulated around Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.-bring tolight the naked truth and shows why Socialism is coming. The "Documents" cover as well the entire field of thought. Prominent Socialists Say "APPEAL TO REASON :" "Active Locals of the Socialist Party could not make a better investment than a set of these books." A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read when novels are for gotten-easy to grow enthusastic over, difficult to find fault with." VICTOR L. BURGER: "Of great value to oecialist students--a treasure mine of information." ERNEST UNTERMANN: (Lecturer Scientific So. cialism:) "Your kindness is most appreciated and I enclose check. The documents will be'my most valued companions this winter." TOM CLIFFORD: (8ocialist Lecturer:" "That which I have longingly desired for years, and which I must confess I despaired of ever enjoying-"The Library of Original Sources,-a service to civilisation." A. R. LIVINGSTON: (Sec. Local, Hackberry, Kan.:) "I owe you my thanks-greatest addition I ever made to my library." WALTER LOHRENTZ: (Sec. Longshoreman's Union Seattle, Wash." "A Boon to the working class who have neither time nor money to secure a university education." ARTHUR MORROW LEWIS: Lecturer Scientific So cialimn:) "I regard it as the most valuable part of my library." SEYMOUR STEDMAN: "It stands like a pyramid in n desert." Not For "Scholar s" but for Thinkers The toilers, the "producers" who are beginning to be din enthralled and think for themselves. Mail This Today University Rc'earch Eutention, Milwaukee, Wis. GENTLEMEN :-Please send review articles by Simons and Ilerger and tell mehow I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membershipl on a co-operative basis. No obliga tion involved by this request. NA M E ................................. ........ . ADDRESS ........................................ Montana News, 1I Park Ave ... Incandescent ... Gas Light noduced fromn comnes Krose, absolutely no odor, as nolse, saest sad meet reliable lights In the world. THE IDEAL LAMPS are theo ely lamp. that ae fully guarastesi to give outire 8 tls. fatle.. Onw lsas.mglt 6 lsam- dssst Elstris Lights at eoly so met .r howr F. P. Smith State Ageut 102 btrekruldge St. niBINA. riONT. IIII I II lll II I I t A