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t I ABOLISH THE CAP.
_ _LA_ MONTV A NEWS ITAI STE T A OWNED AID E )OCIALIST PARTY OF MONTANA VOL. VIIL HELENA, THURSDAY, JULY 22, 1909. NO. 4 WAGE CUT k . 4'T GO. President Tom Lewis Says Miners Will Not Except Reduction. Wilkes-Barre, Pa., July 21.- Inter national President Thomas Lewis. of the United Mine Workers, declared with ringing tones at the convention of the anthracite mine workers here today that the operators of the Cen tral Pennsylvania bluminous distric:. would not be successful In their efforts to get the mine workers to break the existing agreement and accept th,' proposed reduction in wages of from 11 to II cents a ton. Among the resolutions Introduc..d today, and upon which the corninittee will act later, was one dlsapprovinq of the action of the Luserne and Lackawanna County Courts in iLnor Ing the requests made by the 'Jn.ted Mine Workers that new miners ex amining boards be appointed and that they contain an omcial of the union. It thir is done it is argued that there will not be so many fraudulent mining certificates. Another resolution de nounces the State Legislature for fail ure to puas a number of laws which were desired by the mine workers at the last session. During a discussion of (rlvances one of the delegates caused exclte CAPITALISM SHEDS BLOOD IN KENOSHA. Oikcials Thug' Opee n Fire! Kenosha, Wis.. July 21- Three men were shot (one of them dan gerously) and possibly a score of others were injured by sticks and stones during a riot at the strike bound plant of N. R. Allen Bons Tan nery Company here today. Those shot were strikers. Violence began with an attempt to open the plant today, and after the company. It is said, had refused to treat further with a committee of th.' strikers demanding higher wages. Nhotx are Fired. The first shot is *said to have wounded a striker. It is alleged to have been fired by one of the deputies guarding the plant. The sale of fire arms has been prohibited. but many of the strikers are known to tw armed. Two deputies were badly beaten with clubs, and were sent to a hospital. The present trouble seems to be the culmination of a long series of labor troubles at the tannery plant. No matter if the striking tannery workmen at Kenosha did lose their patience and riot after being fired upon, the public must feel sympathy for men striving for a wage' that will permit them to live like human beings and give their dear, dear ones a decent living also. TIN MEN STAND FIRM Strikers Not Intimidated by Keystone Thugs---Trust Turned Down. New Castle, Pa., July Z1-Although twenty members of the State Mounted Police are quartered in the tin mill district here, all Is quiet and there is no Indication of trouble ahead. Sherlff Waddlngton, however, hoh,, his force of deputies, part of whom are striking rollers and heaters, in readiness for the first signs of vio lence. At the Amalgamated headquarters the arrival of the constabulary is not regarded as discouraging to the cause of the strikers. Leaders of the men blame the riots of Thuesday to the efforts of the tin plate company to en list public sympathy. There are now 300 strikebreakers housed In the Shenango tin mill and less than fifty In the Greer mill. The unmber of striking employes from ment and applause by declaring: "Talk about white slavery belng b olished! It is with us yet, 'ndl there are white slaves in the mines." Specific grevances suffered by the men were cited. Among them w,.'r. conditions alleged to obtain in mines operated by the Deleware, Iacksawana & Western Railway Comp.any. One grevance dealt with what sre termed extraordinary penaltles im posed upon men who happetae.l to send coal that is dirty to th." top. In one colliery the first offense, it was stated, means three days' pay, the sec ond offense fourteen day's idleness and the third summary dismissal. '"They give us breasts," said a dele gate, "of twenty-seven feet, but we only get pay for twenty." Other delegates showed that many men through discriminations and severity of mine bosses, violations of the ward and penalties, only make from 15 to $30 a month; wages, It was held, that it Is almost impossible for men and their families to live on. It is expected that a number of grevinces of this kind will be re ferred to the district offcers. The strikers had a committee calling on the tannery lords, and this committee was fired out "po litely" and the nlcesed workmen evinced their teelng. and then a de* puty started the murder game by shooting one of the strikers. After the capitalist side had appealed to guns, the rioting that followed was only what might have been expected. And capitalism was only, at that. reaping the whirlwind after having sown the wind-for the tanneries had exported Immigration to get cheaper grades of labor-newly arrived Blov ocs, etc.- and when these uncultured foreigners find themselves fired upon they sometimes have the bad manners of also replying with brickbats. The anxiety of the capitalists in control of the state militia to dish out a lot of cold tlead to the tanners at Kenosha.'who are fighting on the de fensive for better citizenship. is all too apparent. Col. Falk fairly drules at the mouth in anticipation of the Ren joyable opportunity. If the state troops are ordered to Kenosha, they had better train their guns on the tannery lords and their paid tools, and do their intimidating In that direction-for the reports show that It was the strikers who got the bullets and broken heads, al though the other side claims to be the "law and order" side. these two plants alone reach 4,500. New Kensington, Pa., July 21. The borough council has refused the request of the American Sheet and Tin Plate Company to use the muncipal building to house strike-breakers. It was planned to fill the building with cots, to provide sleeping quarters for the men now at work In the plant, but this plan was turned down when pre sented to the council. The company advertised a meeting laet yesterday, but when the hour ar rived the strikers took charge of the meeting and had their own speakers make addresses. The striking men are prefecting their organisation. Company oflcials say the upper, or Pennsylvania, mill is running full, but the strikers deny this. The lower, or Pitsburg, mill Is closed. Gettin ething or Nothing. 4-. SD4ist, M. D., eL Minnesota. Inlividualism de production and e modities. Sociallam production and euc tics be for use pu profits. The capitalist elae to maintain the r extorts from wage of labor for $1 of purpose in other something for nothing. Suppose I have $1, and I ask you how give for It. You mi you would not give thousand dollars. • . If I should say that thousand and would 1t advise me to take It person so lacking Vl matter as to offer $1,000. The next day I with my one S1.0N. later I meet you. and you want a lot to you to look at mine. Y pleasee you, and yeo Four thousand dollrs, I1 think it too meek, but which I accept. How you pay me for my 0 so long as my StM. and you knew Its val. give me more than Its I exchanged it for concealed its value $3,0000 few $W. f* thing ($3,000) for for nothing. but foe mP earning eapacly." W - ualist would nst hboe This method of S.'t order all along the Ian Il new world under capitalism. It applies to the sale of everything, from a pa per of pins to a palace. The system Is so foul as to be a stench in the nostrils of millions of right thinking people, and will have to go under the advance of Socialism. Those who would keep the profit making system but would "regulate it." would not have the robbers stop robbilng. but would only have them be a little more kind and considerate in their robling methods. U'ndetr Socialism a certain period of uscial labor time would be the unit of value, and this work time necessary to produce any commodity would fix its value commodities would then be ex changed value for value or bought at a price thus fixed. instead of at the highest price' which deception can se cure for them. Again. to Illustrate how capitalism enables the cunning and the strong to live in idleness and luxury on the toll of others, suppose that a family of ten persons retires from civilisation and goes out Into the wilderness' to live. At first It requires the combined ef forts of all of them to gather suf ficlent food onwhich to live. But as time goes on they bring a patch of land under cultivation, they build a hut and improve their crude tools of industry, and finally come to produce a little more food than they consume. Suppose that at this stage one mem ber of the family ceases to do any fur ther work that helps to support or benefit the group, but continues o eat at the same table and partake of the same food that the other members of the family have gathered. Now. it would make no difference, as M. N. Rogers has expressed it, whether he "sat in the sunshine, preached to the birds, ran a race with the deer, sold bad whiskey or worked hard making useless articles: if he continued to eat food gathered by other members of the family he would be living from their labor." As time pqsses. another family lo cates Just across the creek from the first one and begins producing com modities. After a while it is found out that one of these families produces more potatoes than It needs and the other family produces more corn than it needs. So they commence to exchange their commodities with one another, which opens up the way for the capi talist business system. Then suppose that one member of one of these families, who has what is called a "superior business qualifica tion," commences to buy potatoes for 50 cents per bushel and takes them across the creek and sells them for $1 per bushel; while there he boys corn at 50 cents per bushel and takes It back across the creek and sells it for $1 per bushel. It is seen that by this "business" transaction he would get $1 for doing his transportation work. But, as he soon gets tired doing this, he hires a boy to do the same' work for 20 cents and puts the othe'r 80 cents In his pocket and calls It profits -which is only one way of getting something for nothing. Thus It is seen that by capitallst business methods the so-called brainy business man can live in Idleness and luxury and amass riches by the toll of others. But you may say that exchange of commodities between groups of people is necessary. Granted. And you say that he who does this should be paid. Granted. How much should he re .ilve? Capitalism lets him take all that he can force the people to give. This Ia the practice of the express companies, the railroads and all mo aepolles and trusts; and, after the necessary expenses are defrayed, the pay-the profts-ls enormous. Socialism would n.ake all social utlllUes collectively owned; there would be work for all; each worker would be paid well for services per formed; the great surplus called prof Ita, which now goes to the exploiters. Would be saved for public w. lre. Society being so rich, filthy sweat atops would beabolished;human rook eries would be torn down; streets and public parks would be Improved be anything now attempted; better supplies secured; public ser et all kiLds enlarged and made la qualtit; better public schools lamptsIems eo learalam s the wealthy In giving monkey dinners and dog parties could be used by the state for a better civilization. But Individualism. In its greed for profits, has little thought for these things. I am to call attention in this article to only two evils of the profit system. namely. Avoidable Diseases and Avoidable Accidents. First-On the railways of the Unit ed States there are about 11.000 peo pie killed and 90,000 injured every year. largely because the companies cut down expenses to the lowest and overwork and fall properly to safe guard the lives of the railway work men. This is done to enlarge the profits to be divided. Profits are pitted against human life. In the last ten years railway mileage has in creased only '0 per cent, while busl ness and earnings have increased 110 per cent-a fact brought out by the recent investigations and admitted by James J. Hill. In Germany. where transportation is conducted by the government and for the benefit of the public, there are no more people killed on railways during the whole year. as authorities declare, than are killed every week on the railways of the United States. which are operated for private profits. Second-In shops, mills, mines and in other Industles In the United States., the safeguarding of the workers against injury is so shamefully neg lected, In order to avoid expense, that more than 500,000 persons are killed or injured yearly (one every minute). and all to increase profits. Third-In the United States there are perhaps 2.000,000 child laborers. about one-third of whom (680.207 In 1300) get a bare subsistence wage in manufacturing industries, and toll under Insanitary conditions in many cases, which are most destructive to health. Illiteracy, poverty and degen eracy are forced upon them and their descendants-and this. too, is for profits. Employers discharge adult workers and engage child labor to in crease their profits. Fourth-Every intelligent person knows that tuberculosis and other contagious diseases breed among the workers In the sweatshops and tene ment houses of our cities. The Na tional Consumers' League, in alliance with the various tuberculosis commis slons, says of this: "Tenement workers recei'le the low eat of any wage earners. They earn so little that they have hardly enough to support themselves outside the short rush seasons. Every member of the family Is pressed Into service. (Contlntueld on Page Four.) APPRENTICES OF R. HOE STRIKE 400 Junior Machinists Go Out For Increased Wages and Better Treatment. Following a 10 per cent. Increase in wages gain.ed through negotiations by the Eureka I.odge,. Int.rnational sarclation of Machinists, for the men employe.d y it. HIoe & C'o., 504 (;ran0i .treet. 40. apprentices working for te. great printing press firm, who are. organized in the Junior Eureka Lodge. affiliated with the I. A. of M.. went on strike yesterday for an increjas. in wag.es and better treatment. The principal ldemands of the. ap prentice's were not covered in the agreement accepted by the men, and the boys decided to take action them selves and force their demands by a strike. Not a boy went to work yes terday morning. A committee from the. apprentices. which visited the managememt of Hoe, & Co. yesterday afternoon, will re port at a meeting to be held this morning at Clinton Hall, 151 Clinton street, at 8 o'clock. This committee ASQUITH FLEES SUFFRAGETTES Charge of Militant Women and Balloon Attack Too Much for British Premier. London. July 20.-England's suf fragettes are no respectors of time or place. They want to vote, and they wb-eknew t. t-- w-rIwas well Illustrated today when Premier Asquith took part In the unveiling of the statue of lir Wilfred Lawson. on the Thames Embankment Gardens. When Asquith arose to speak a few hundred of the suffragettes posted themselves on the tops of all the ad Joining houses. armed with mega phones. Every tlm.e, the Premier reached one of his oratorical climax." the suffragettes screamed "We want votes for womenn" so loudly that the effect of the well rounded sentences of the premier was totally lost. But this was not all. Those suf fragettes who weren't engaged in the housetop concert dashed through the crowd to the base of the monoumnt. each bearing aloft a petition which each tried at one and the same time to press into the hands of the Premier. Simultaneously a monster balloon. in the basket of which were a number of suffragettes, each armed with thou sands of circulars bearing the words "Votes for Women," was unleashed from a neighboring park and floated directly over the monument, while the sffrageettes poured down their wrath and their hand bills on the heads of the Premier and the assembled guests. The police were summoned and dashed through the crowd in the gardens, making a cordon about the Premier and preventing the suffra gettes from reaching him with their petitions. Cope Were Helples. But the police, being without a dirigible baloon or a handy aeroplane, teulden't touch the aerial squad of the suffragettes, who hurled down thou sands of posters demanding the right to vote, and at the same time shout Ing from the car of the balloon en couragement to their warring sisters on the ground and their shouting list,,rs on the roof tops. ''he Premier was rattled so badly h., cnld hardly conclude his speech, antl the ceremonies at the unveiling of th. monument were hurriedly cut short, while Asquith, gathering his I.,l: ,at about him and holding tight to hi. high hat, fled to shelter from th, ritffragettes. l',Ita 'N affair, coupled wvith th,. was coumpiosed of Presld.nt Diillarro., of thhi Aplpr. nticl.s'l'nion, Fifth Inte.r national Vice-Presldent J. J K..ppler, of the International Association iof Machinists: Teit.Ihaum and W.*lch rh.e apprentices have b-,een forced( to do as much work as thi. regulars mechanics and their wag., wr. \,.ry small. They were bound to s.,r.. live. years, their wages w "r. 3. 50 a w,.".k for the Arst six months, with an in crease every six months of ,o i.,ntis a week. They were thus cornmpIll.d to do as much work as men that were paid from 518 to $25 a w.ek Holl days and half holidays wire, not paid for, so their wages were insufficient to pay for board and clothes. The apprentices demand an increase of $1.08 a week for all grads tof ap prenticets. and they ire determine.d to stay out until their demands for an Increase In their wages and better treatment In the shop is granted. announceme.nt that the suffragettes already in Jail would starve them selves to death, rather than eat in prison, has created a nation wide sen sational. The omflals of Holloway Jail. were the suffragettes sentenced after the recent demonstrations are confined. are confronted by a serious situation, following the release last evening of Florence Cooke and Gladys Rob..rts. two of the suffragettes, to prev\nt their starving themselves to death. The Jailers fear that death will re sult from the "hunger strike" which is still persistt d in by a dozen of the remaining prisoners. Several ha re eaten nothing for seven days,. and their physical condition has become alarming . Half Domen More srffraettes Freed. Wil Reveal Jail candals. London, July 21.-Emanciated and scarcely able to walk, six more of the suffragette prisoners at Holloway Jail were today released as the result of their "hunger strike." The six were borne out through the streets by their cheering comrades, declaring that they will expose a grave scandal in connection with their Imprisonment, and shouting encouragement to the remi.alting suffragette prisoners who are persisting In their refusal to eat the prison food. The released suffragettes have en listed the supporters of their move ment in : plan to make public charges against the jailers at Holloway Jail. It has been charged several times that the suffragettes attacked the women jailers and destroyed the furniture ,n their cells. The released prisoners ti day claim that those were only re tallatory measures to resent tortures which were inflicted upon them. They declare that they were wan tonly beaten by wardenesses in the jail iecause of Iheir refusal t"' eat. Bee oral of th"e ex-prisoners pr'ofess have been badly hurt In encounters with the jailors. The jail authorities are at a loss to contend with the "hunger strike" which the women prisoners persist in, and It is understood that the re mainder of the prisoners will be re leased soon to prevent their starving themsnl I\' to death.