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PIUEBTHOUGHT-BRUNO. Fair Bruno, looking forth with eyes of fire Upon ,the world's broad scene; beyond the sun Thy undimmed glance seems to be hold the stars. Countless and rushing through the endless space. With opulence of life as on earth's breast. Thyself a star from out the past didst burn. Wakening the darkness with resplen dent course Athwart the centuries of gloom and fear; Herald of morning, f the happy days, With Freedom breathing In the peaceful skies; With science in the kingly garb of toll. The green earth paradised with lov ing hearts. O brave Immortal, glorious in the. robe Which burned thy body Into fruitful d ulst. They knew not, that wild horde' about thy pyre, Who knelt anid treml)l,,d to a t(od of hate. And crouched to earth-nor saw its wealth of life; They knew not what was in thy dauntless gaze,. Outsweeping the rude throng and torturing heat The winged thoughts that all the de's pot's power Could fetter not, nor blast with fiercest seal. They saw, that shuddering and re lentless crowd, The frail flesh sink in unconfining tomb, And vainly triumphed o'er that mur dered form. For from that blackened spot went forth a word Of wonder, joy, and beauty to all time, And millions greet its power and hope unscathed. 0, martyred Bruno, Science' fearless path, Through regions numberless of earth and sky. Makes laurels for thee, and man'" brightest days flow from the moment of thy bitter death. In hee the past turns from its dark ened course, Bursts from the gyves of ignorance and fear. Smites down the tyrant from his bloody throne; And as the earth wheels round the golden san, And as the sun speeds through un measured realms, So doth the mind of man, unchalned and vast. From thy red dawn of death move ra diant on, In paths of glory broadening to the noon. "A Montana Comrade" writes: " was at Grand Forks,. N. D. during the State Fair. That valiant and un ceasing proclaimer of industrial liberty. Ida Crouch-Haslett, wa there during the whole week, speak ir g every night to over a thousand people. The Grand Porks Comrades united in saying it was the best work they had ever had in the city; a course of five lectures without a reputition of material a single nlght. Comrade Haslett works hard. tremendously hard. Her power of endurance were commented on by all. She is pushing the News and the book sales, and the necessity and power of a sectional press with unceasing energy. Now the point I want to make is this, Com rade Haslett is simply killing herself in this work. She is pushing her %olce to the limit, and was so hoarse that it win with dificulty that she could push her articulation through the hoarsness. 8h is doing all this to pay Montana News debts. Now I should like to ask-Why does Com rade Haslett have to kill herself to pay debts that belong to the entire party alike? Are there no men in the party that will come to the front and do their share? Why does she have to go over the country, working beyond her strength to pay Montana News debts. It seems to me that we should value our competent material better than this. We are using up our valuable materal for petty work that the oiooalist party of Montana should take upon is own shoulders. What are our committees doing? There should be come way of paying party debts, without killing Comrade Haslett to pay them." 14 subscriptions in from Inkster, N. D. W. J. Bailey is the never-quit here. He believes that we should push every educational method that will help Socialisom. International AN ANALYSIS OF THE DANIBH ELUCFIONS. (By K. M. Primus Nyman in Labor Leader.) Our Danish comrades have fought a gallant fight at the elections this year--such is the general impression. Although they did not gain any new seats in their parliament, the brilliant ly kept their old positions In spite' of he very bad conditions under which the elections take place, and num ber now, as before, 24 Socialist M. P.'s out of the total sum of 114. But the Danish Socialists, as well as the radicals (in some constituencies the two parties worked together), have considerably increased their sum to tal of votes. Altogether a total of 322,966 votes was given at the elections this year, as against 304,058 given three years ago. The Social Democrats have in creased their votes from 76,5686 (the votes received in 1906) to 92,727 this year; and the radicals have Increased theirs from 40,724 to 54.811. To gether these two parties have polled 147,5:18 votes. As It has already been stated in the Ieader, the Danish el.ctors this year had to decide on the question of erecting new fortifications, i. e., the question of militarism or anti-mill militarism. In the parliament the scaremongers have obtained a major ity. But if we count the votes cast at the elections, we are enabled to see things in a different light. The Danish organ "Social-Demokraten" makes the folowing statement with regard to the results: In favor of the new fortifications there voted 64,000 electors belonging to the right, 32.000 of Neergard's par ty, and 17,000 old moderates, or to gether something over 100,000 votes. Against the fortification scheme there voted 12.000 Social Democrats, 55,000 radicals, and some 60,000 electors be longing to Christenson's party, which makes a sum total ot nearly 200,000 votes. The fortification scheme was thus voted against by nearly two thirds of the whole electorate. The militarists were strongest in the Danish caplal, Copenhagen. where they gained two seats from the Social Ists and two from the radicals. But in the agricultural constituencies these two partles made up for the losses sustained in the capital. Altogether the radicals have gained six new seats and now number fifteen in parliament. Christenson's party have had a very bad time, having lost no fewer than 11 constituencies. Their numbers,. which were 78 In 1901, have now been reduced to 24 M. P.'s. Without a doubt the "Alberti scan dal" last autumn Injured the party to a great degree, Christensen himself bellg seriously compromised in the scandal. Although the extreme right have lost some thousands of votes, its number in parliament has been in creased by several new members as a result of the very favorable con ditlons under which they fought the election. To us., of course, the most interest ing fact of the elections is the large increase of Socialist votes. The fol lowing table gives a striking picture of the growth of Socialist voters in the last 30 years during which our Danish comrades have taken part in the elec tions to the "Folketing": Candl Year- dates. Elected Votes. 1 79. ............. 1 0 767 11881 ............. 2 0 1,68t 1884 .+.......... 3 2 6,80 1337 ............. 4 1 8,406 1890 .............10 2 17,223 132 .............16 2 20,094 1136 .............21 3 24,608 1II8 .............23 12 21.,87 1001 .............O0 14 43,972 1603 .............5S 16 556, 32 1006 ...... ........62 24 76.660 1303 .............73 24 12,727 As the numbers above demonstrate, the Danish Socialists have, year after year, increased their votes, but owing to the changes in the other parties' election policy the number of suocess ful candidates has varied, though al ways showing a tendency to Increase. C.AR NOT WANTED IN ITALY. A Milan newspaper states that the abandonment of the cuar's projected visit to Italy will occasion no regret amongst the Italian people. Italy in the home of a great number of Rus stan revolutlonists and refugees, many of whom have friends and relatives rotting in Russian dungeons. The frllhtful revelations respecting the brutal treatment meted out to these prisoners have stirred anew their deepest indignation against the csar, whom they hold to be directly and personally responsible for the main tenance of the Infamous regime. Three new subs ina from Culbertson, Montana. The recent agitation there, is bearting fruit. National Individual membership bllots for National Party Referendum "'," 1909. will he shipped from the Nationsa of fice to state secretaries In bulk, and directly to locals in unorganised states and to members at large on Monday. July 19. Officials not receaving them within a reasonable time should noti fy the National office. The state committee of Louislana has appropriated 83.75 to assist in the legal contest relating to the Miane soa primary law. The state commit tee of New Hampshire has approprl ated $4.50 for the same purpose, and a comrade of Knoxville. Tenn., has donated $1. At a mass convention of Rhode Island comrades held at Providence on July 11, Fred Hurst. 1928 West minster street. Providence, was re elected state secretary, and James P. leid. 954 Atwells avenue. Providence. was elected national committee mem her. Another mae,, convention will be held on August 8, when a state ticket will hIe nominated and a platform adopted. The New llampshire legislature has adopted a filing fee law which pro vidles fees for candidates as follows: For governor, $100; any other state officer, $50; representatives in con gress, $50 each; for counselor. $25; for state senators, $10 each; for coun ty officers, $5 each; for representa tives, $2 each; all minor officers, $1 each. The comrades of Local Philadelphia wish to warn others against the busi ness methods of George Williams, for merly of Denver, Col., and Herman Sanders, formerly of New York city. These men started a laundry in Phil adelphia and secured the patronage of the comrades, Upon a profit shar ing proposition they also secured the recommendation of the local. Without settling their accounts both disap peared rectntly, to the serious lncon venience of their patrons. The Political Refugee Defense League acknowledges the recelpt of $38 from Local Wallace, Idaho, of the Solalist party, for the political pris enrs' defense fund, being sums ool leoted by Comrades A. J. Martlia4d Thomas J. Mooney. CAPITAIAWl "JUIWICLE." Tim Mitchell was a millwright who worked in the mills of Newcastle, Pa. He was known as a good mechanic until he was crippled so badly by the machinery that he could not do a half day's work. Instead of going on the stock exchange and purchasing a seat among the select gamblers, he started In to the lowlier forms of the game of chance that are allowed to the work ers. He was sentenced to serve nine ty days in Allegheny county work house. Having violated the prison regulations while attending church services by looking round, he was punished by being hung up by the wrists for four days like a dog. He was not even given a chance to attend to the needs of nature. A cup of cold water and a slice of dry bread in the morning and another cup of cold wa ter and slloe of dry bread In the even ing was his food for the day. In the evening he was cut down from this nerve-racking brain destroying ordeal. and left to lie on the cold cement floor in the dung and filth. The ter rible torture drove him insane, and he is now in the Warren asylum. The brutality practiced at this in stitution is well known. The judge that sentences men and women there is aware of It. When omfclaldom un der civilization is allowed to do such things is It any wonder that a part of society is bent on destroying such In stitutions? It is reported that the Bethlehem Steel Company will only permit re publicans and democrats to work for them and that they have discharged several score of persons upon the sus picion that they are Socialists. The works of the company are located at South Bethlehem, and it is reported that the move of the oompany Is sup ported by the Rev. A. Varlasky, who expelled thirty-two members of his congregation upon the same suspicion, that Is, they were Socialists. The locals and members at large in Nebraska are now voting upon a re ferendum conducted by the National Omoe for the election of state otlteers and for the choice of adate and city for holding their state convention. "Dear Comrades:-It stges us great pleasure to write to you, for we women of the Socialist Party should become more oloely afmliated, as we will need oo-operation and mutual as sistaneo an the battle to come. Women's Clubs S c'IALISM POR MINERS' WIVES. (By L. E. RSmm.) It Is qulte probable that no woman wouldl live In a mining village for choice,. Few of us. however, may choose our place of residence, and in many cases the miner's wife has been born and reared within the sound and shadow of a coal pit. As a child she may have, helped her mother to pack the food which her father or brother would carry to the pit, for In many homes this Is quite a business, and "the 'halts' to put up" is a well known term often used at supper time. In the small hours of the morning thel men will rlse at the command of the "caller," who nightly patris the village,. rousing men and hoys ,n his Journey. They hastily dress. annl, with hag of "nbait" and boIttl. of wi:at r or tea, pass out to the1ir ,laiily toil. The' women may snatich a hittl eI rl."] ,',|t ere they rise to pr ,ipar. Ir, aklist and send the, chlldren to *-,hlll Then they, too, begin the dayi's wirk. Th.' great kitchen fire has bulrn. 1 all niight, and usually a good lot o elsh.- must be removed be'fore dliiin, r i.n Iih cook'ed. The' men who, \'.nt t,, the' pit during the night sill I b ho.l soon and need a substantial mnl . a uinner is set out, and the' miner, ha\ing 'at en. must wash. and then r, tir' to, his much-ni.eeded rest. In many, \.'ry many colliery houses, the sleeping accommodation is poor, and often the tired worker tries to get his sleep as best hie can whilie the rest of the household are living and moving in the same room. If there, are young children the mother tries to keep them quiet while the father sleeps; but it is well-nigh impossible, and there is no safe playground near at hand in the village. Some houses, ha ving upstalr rooms, are better; but if there are several workers the difi culty remains. I have seen houses in Durham where a family of ten lived in a two-roomed house. We speak of the slum life of towns, and of the evils of overcrowding, but in some mining villages families are obliged to put up with arangements such as make priv acy impossible, and, indeed, to say the least, cause endless work to the wo men who have a sense of decency and a desire for cleanliness and order. The women feel it most. The women strug gle against It. They devise all kinds of ways and means to improve the "tree" homes with which a beneficent company provides them, they are be ginning to see that they must come out for wider vision. Edueation, dented to our grand parents, is bearing fruit in a later gen eration, and the old ides., that because the work of a miner is hard and dirty his surroundings don't matter, is dy ing out As If to relieve the monotony of coal-black, the best women have ever loved to make their homes as bright as possible. No other housewives takes such pride In the polish of her brasses, fenders, etc., in her wall papers and window curtains, and in her furniture. To keep things so she must constantly wage war with black dust, and always strangers are sur prised to see the interior of such a miner's home. Other women, of course, are not equal to the strain; they lose heart and give up the strug gle. Such homes are dreary indeed. Think of it, you women who insist on "a place for everything and every thing In its place"! Here is no bath room, no scullery, no water tap, no passage, and sometimes only a ladder for the stairs to the loft above. Yet it is turned into a cosy home by the skill and energy of the women. The daily cooking, the family washing, baking, and often the sewing--all this is done at home. Nay, more, rugs for the floor and quilts for the bed are made and kindly neighborly visits paid to the sick. Are these not women to whom we may look with hope? Have they no lesson to teach us as well as to learn? No woman of any class can give readier hospitality to the strang er more willing help to the needy. Strong to endure, isolated work has made this woman slow to speak of serious things; but long hours of anxious waiting have raised strange thoughts In her mind, and the discon tent that Is divine is at work. Sociallm, she sees, have some rea son for their agitation. Open ashplts In front of one's door are not exactly to be desired. A plague of flies in summer may have something to do with the sickness prevalent then. Ear ly marriages and large families among the poor do not give the women much chance for health and freedom from worry. Out of the profits made in coal pits better houses might be pIro vided, and greater precautions taken against accident. Pit villages could be less ugly, and better roads ought to, be made and kept. These ideas are at work, and along with them is a desire for some way of helping to bring about a change. Here, an enthusiast, tired of the' patient, dumb submission of the men, is earning herself a reputation for hustling. She says: "Wake up and demand. Oh, if only I were a man"' There, a quiet unassuming worker is carrying on a little mission of propa ganda amonat her neighbors, lending them something to read, taking them to meetings, putting hem in contact with other Socialists, and thus break Ing down the barriers of superstitition and Ignorance. And some of the men. too, are learning to helip, for th. y know that Socialism must come for all and not for a sex. They are learning that the narrower sphere of homrn work has mald. it dif ficult for women to realize the need of combination, and that only iy n couraging them to comblne and or ganize can they mak." the hest use, of their energis. l'arli amnt houise. seems a long way ofT, cllie.ry houms, s are in close %i' i a; and « 11 i a mln undtlrstand th:at th. l.\s nml:t . I.1 parliament em, into ti, h.ln is of local men for aniinr-mtrati, n. tih rn th, y will take a Ii\ lhr Inlt r. I in loh al politics and in th, a "i itn of thI sm. law's. In orI r thaiit .u ji, ltll m ul, I,. in il. 'tomil by lit. %(omlii, II 'I,1 h iii itlnl. ]distri'ts, a spl.,i.l niis-lln i -I tinml rtiaken. Sum.r1 im, * tin:s it lprjiulilcd. At any rit. , ithat is th. day fir \lsiting andl I., i.\i iit , maii tlh laws of hospitality pr.\ mll "Dry ligur,,s dln't int.ir. st i ,' saii one woman. "1 sirn N " x1 m \\ Ih n i I , pr smadeil a fri nil to ('onm It. a Ii, tilln and the sp;. ak, r i\, n- . lit . li ti urea. \\'." know thincs :r 1 atr ii , tih exact rquantity ldo, sn't natlt I. II . oughlit to tell Ius how it . an h. In, , ir I'm certain we \. On't I." ats, ;as\ I.i. ;is. I as the' mn ;ar., ince \\. knol,\\ hlw t., set to work. Ve, w'ant a hit ,'f S.-,,.i;l Icm to he going on ,ith. lItt' r houses for a start." That is thi slairit of progress-thue sign of a n,.w thought which r'l.'sl against the. promilse of a mansion in the. skibs while the children have. not room to live on earth. Socialism for wom, n means o,l,ppor tunity of life instead of existenc.; for the miner's wife Socialism means less anxiety on behalf of her hloved ones in the danger of the' mine,. mor, leis ure for hers.lf. and letter and cleaner surroundings for h,,r home. and chil drqn. The men who today are pioneers) came of women who ruealizsed lifI's possibilities, though they had fewer opportunities than we have. The wo men of today have also a piece. of work to do, and must not fail. So shall the daughters take courage to carry on the work of human emancil pation.-Labor Leader. The Finnish comrades send in over $20 worth of dues this month. These are the proletarians that undelrstand organisation. A Union Marn because they ARE RUSSIAN TEACIERs' VISIT VE TOED. 'zarocracy has onfe* again sur passrd itself. We larn that the Itus sian gove'rnm.ent has at th. last mo ment prohlllte.d thei visit to L.ondon and Paris of the mnal and f,.mal, school teacheh.rs, wing to the fact that at rece-ptions arranged in London. Prlnc.. Kropotkin and other Itusslan refugees w'ere uIlnderstoord to .be par tiiipating. Thei first fifty tiachers were due to arri. in Londoln yst, rdely from iti'i. In April last the ci'urator of the hboard of , duitiin in St. Pte.rsbiurg nalld a me.,ting of the dlirteors heals of ,secondalry schools and gym naslums----tu discuss th" -tii.u stion of the oreinnia: tion lof a sie r. t lspinni.n.i ouv,.r th. tihr rs The h, ii s a of thi s- %, 11*r, r. d , to cit,. at the , lld *I ,t h :, tr : e ., t r. .rts on the ichar., t. r ,, ,; , h , l th. 1 t1..r rs un di r thair control. OC'IALIST n"IIIU't" T( lIE II'I. I.I I lI:I) T II.r .M41 TII. .1 'l i '. r han llt. t 1r l ,i-hI r tlh. \\ ·1 . rIn hi, are S ci irl .ik t :ir llr "l 4to tlt i luaI : i'ln.I thir i "~i f tr~ I-n t i t.s . . a. th. t n ntnl i h ,. 'i , hl'. '. r. thI was thin :, h.lars inll,. t.1 Is time uIl\ i s.in \11 ntl ap :p- r , ...r t r , _ .lh. . thiat r an.l l, tt r in.t , r i- n pr n rth h r,m thr. Irith thn at should Irish \\,,inl n who ar,-Sociali-ts :Ire urg* to raIlyn th he aid of thisa 'hnleat. lik Ta rsr oar th undnnitr. k*:l, t. rm in which Willliam Lloyd Grrid ton sent forth his halljenge to latmery in 1s28. He, wns th shn all yars ldnt. "It s time that a voice of remonstrance went founrth frm the North, that should par-al n the ears of every slavithold.r, like a roar of thundr. alarm must For ourselves we are resolved to agl tat, this subject to the utmost.nthing but death shall pre.,nt us from de nouncing a crime which has no par allel in human depravity; we shall take high ground." The alarm must th perlpetual. Education will be another promi nent object of our attention; not that kind, however, which is found in our rolleges alone-not the tinsel, the frippery and the encumbrance, of classical learning, so called-but a popular, practical education, which will make science familiar to the me chanic, and the arts of easy attain ment, and which will best promote public virtue by the extension of gen ,ral knowledge. William Lloyd Garrison.