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THE MONTANA NIlW&.
ISUED WUHKLYT. OPPICE I1 PARK AV. P. O. BOX E08 Batoere at the Post OIee for treas misetn through the mall at second elase raites. IDA CROUOC-3AVL T Diltor and Meager. IUBaCRIPTIONS: One Tear ...................... 0 Slz Months ................... 36 One cent per copy In bundles up to 500 National Headquarteres J. Mahlon asnes, Secretary. IIs Waushainto Street. Chio o, Il. WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH THE SOC(xALIST PART"Y? t'nder the above heading the frank eat discussion in regard to the pal pable shortcomings of the American Socialist Party that has ever been made in the party press, is being car ritd on in most of the socialist pa pers. The two big dailies, the Chi cago Daily Socialist and the New York Evening Call, have opened their columns unreservedly to the discus sion, and the ablest and most active socialists in the country are expree sing themselves freely on the situa tion with which they are confronted. St. Louis Labor gives a symposium of the different ideas; and writers of various degrees of knowledge and wisdom are printing articles on the subject in the various papers all over the country. And what as a remarkable and re lieving feature of the phenomenon, Is the general satisfaction that seems to be felt that we can at last openly and unafraid say what we think. Comrade Simons started the ball rol ling with his article on "Sples and Stagnation". It is rolling yet. There is a remarkable unanimity in the analysis of the actual condi tions of the party-the inability to hold members, the listlessness and lethargy, the destruction and disinte gration of all efforts at concrete and practical results, the insulting at tacks on and undisguised hostility to the ablest, most intelligent, conscien tious and hard working members. the cumbersome machinery, the fail ure to even interest labor as a body, the lack of cohesion, the failure to support the party press. widespread petty factional strife over nothing. The most experienced and oldest workers in the party are openly prophesying its disintegration, and the present organization giving place to some other form of revolutiona ary, working class activity. The causes of these regrettable and undeniable conditions are variously estimated by the different writers. Spargo says that the petty, ignorant degradation of personal actions and obstructions that he has seen are such as to be revolting to those who look to socialsm for the uplift of humanity. . pton Sinclair says the attempts at useful work have been so thwart ed in the' locals of various large cities where he has been that he ham stopped doing any party work be cause of Its ine'ff.ctiveness. He says that he knows many who have en. tered the movement with minds and hearts alert to do the ablest work that in them lay, that have dropped into silence. for the same reasons. Ralph Korngold, one of the best organisers and lecturers the party has ever had, says this condition of lethargy and lack of interest is .everywhere. He says the cause Is that the socialist party, especially in the American lo cals, is failing to give the working clams anything beneficial, but on the contrary imposes greater burdens upon them in the way of money and time exactions. The. foreign locals, as the Finns and (lGermans. make a point of providing actual coope.rative benefits. Comrade Simon. says, while at the convention of the American Federa tion of Labor at Toronto, he was brought face to face with the actual hatred of the socialist movement by the majority of the mrembers of or ganised labor. The most brutal attack I have yet seen is the attack In the "People" on Comrade Simons, his wife and even his dead child. The ability and devotion of Mr. and Mrs. Simons to the development of the socialist thought and Its propagatin, are well known all over the world, and their work ranks with that of the best scholars of modern times. That they should be the subject of such heart less und unjust vituperation seems al most unbelievable., The hysterics aimed at the "intel lectuals", the shrieks for "working class organisations," the aspirations of cheap demagogues, the tendencies toward Impossibleism. "direct ac tion," and anarchy paraded by var ious persons for various purposes will not be entered into here. They ob viously are entirely alien to a rational and Intelligent socialist movement. The writer can add her testimony from upwards of ten years of active work from coast to coast, in the lec ture and newspaper field of the socl alist movement,te that of her co-la borators. On two separate occasions, when she gave voice to these tenden cles In lectures, at two widely sepa rated points, St. Paul and Salt Lake, she was amased at the rustling that her analysis drew forth. The more substantial and intelligent members testified to the genuineness and the need for Just such work. The noisy demagogues were the ones that screamed like bats. In my opinion the real cause of the utterly unsatisfactory, pseudo and artificial conditions In the party has been stated by no one as yet. I have not seen it in a single treatment of the subject. It I. this: The utter lack of Vital Isses as a settled and fundamental program of party work. The party's whole plan. discussion, education and propaganda is purely theoretical-a dealing with abstract issues. There Ia nothing real in our work. It never takes hold of the community in which we live. A newspaper on the other side of the globe is considered Just as useful as one dealing with the vi*al needs and wants of the locality where one lives. We are not at work; we are simply talking about work. And the talk in most in stances Is a shrieking burlesque on the work that needs to be done. Organized labor with its real prob lems before it looks on us with dis gust. As socialists we talk of a new world, a new society that we shall regenerate. Yet we are doing noth ing what.ever to go about building that society. The most of our mem bers do not even know the society they have to work with. They know nothing of its laws, how to work with them, what they can do and what they cannot. They are not directing public opinion to the conditions at their door., the problem of to-morrow on their own street. At some points they fight and re sist, blindly and futlvely, against su perior organization and established power. How to disintegrate this pow er, and substitute their own form of organization they have not learned, they are not practicing. Vital, concrete, practical issues these any sort of successful organ .satlon of the working clam against established soclety must deal with. Victor Berger throws the light of the thriving and self-respecting Eu ropean movemcnts against this tur mloil. And we may may that Wiscon sin is the only American spot where real work on the above lines has granulated. Will we break (down the persent socialist party, and form a political organizmtion on the lines of the Brit Ish Lauh.r Party? I do not know. Amerlican socialism will do something If it is to cease being a farce and a pretense. In the moantime those of us who see and experlende this pretense and are striving in the chaos to try and help It, and substitute something real, and warm, and true and vital for ignorance and strife and petty greed, know that if we are lied about, maligned, slandered and abused we shall not Ih, alone. FOR INIUnSTITA.l, I'NIONIRSI. As a phase In the evolution in the American Hocialisnl it is Interestlng to not, hat portion of the Soolalllt Party Ia declaring Itself opeaI for the I. W. W. form of unloalns. The "Free Press". owned e seona trolled by Local Lawernoe Cegaty of Western Pennsylvania carries an unreserved I. W. W. policy. the I. W. W. are also starting a new paper at Newcastle called "Solidarity", with A. M. Uttrton, editor, who for.erly edited the "Wage-Slave". The "Oak land World" espouses the I. W. W. as opposed to any other tosm of unionism, as as also does the "Interna tlonal Socialist Review". All of which Is in opposition to the conventlon de claratlon that the socialist Party 18 organised solely for political purposes and is to take no active part lI the forms or contentions of the labor unions. WTRIKES THE SPOf'. It is remarkable what a kindred chord Comrade SiBmons' article on "8pies and Professional Disrupters' has awakened throughout the metal Ist press. Almost every paper 1. the country has taken up the article. Tihe "Daily Call' has an editorial on it; the "Christian Soclalist" quotes It rat length; the "Bocial-Democratlo He rald" did the same; "The Provoker". published at Chicago, devotes a whole Isue to it. Almost every member of the party has been brought face to face with the conditions the article describes. It an intelligent Investggation Ls awaken. ed as to the causes the American sociallst movement may be ~reied from its stagnai,,n. The "Montana News" comes to our table as a sample of what it means to have women In the party. The "News" failed as a party-owned pa per, but Ida Crouch-Haulett could not let It go down and appears at Its head as owner and editor.-The New Commonwealth. The "Montana News" has had a fierce struggle to maintain an exist ence, but it is one of the most valu able papers in the socialist movement and deserves the hearty support of evgry socialist who can affor to spare a dollar. The "News" has the confidence of the organized workers to a greater extent than any other paper in the West. Give it support; you will never regret so doing. - World's Referee. A large number of Ohio women were elected to boards of education at Subcrlibe for The LIttle Socialist Magazine and teach yer clrldre prep erly from the cradle up. 10 CBNTS A YBAR 15 Spruce Street, NEW YORK. The Mills of Mammon Red Light District of Chicago Exposed Createst American Novel from a Socialist Pen THRILLING AND rALlflTIC By James H. Brower, Popular Chicago Orator. Takes the Lid off Political Graft, White Slave Traffic, Crimes of Rich Men's Sons. Stealing Invintions, and the Horrors that Capitalistic Production Infliots upon the Workers THIS IS WHAT WILL oI' YOVR NEIGHBOR POIS OCGALIS. The Second Edition was commeaced on the 30th day after it 'ame out. It is published by P. H. Mu.rray, Chicago, ii., - Price S1.A. This Firm also publishes "The PnopWis Hour," by George Howard Gibson; a Book of Verse for the Workers at 75 Cts. FOR11n Ns, BY THE Montana News, Helena, Montana. the recent elecOtI. There air now women on the boards In nearly all of the larger citiesl M. Marsh U. Hyre wais ree.leted II Cleveland, leading thie tlicket both at the primary and on election day. Mrs. Dora Uandoe Itachman. a young lawyer, was eet et, in Columbus. and Mrs. Bell labh mn.i: at Sandusky-both as Independ ,,~ta. Mrs. Pauline Steinem Is on the boird in Toledo. In the smaller towns ,Vlo,'n are also eervin. Mrs. Harriet ·ral lr Upton and Mrs. Carrie P. Hir rington were elected for their fourth ,',.~K.ncutlve term in Warren; Mrs. 1:ia 0o. Geoemaker has been a mem IDr in Massillon ever since women w,.re made eligible. In London Mrs. Eb't;L Coover Harv,ey is president of thl, board. .Attorney General Thompson of Ne i.raska holds that there is nothing In th,. State Constitution to prevent a S.,man from holding the ofmee of C',unty Treasure. Miss Gertrude Gor d,.n who was elected Treasurer of Cherry County at the recent election ~Ill therefore take her oflce. The Charter Commission of Greater .Nw York has granted the women suffragists a hearing to take place Nov. 22. Mrs. Chapman Catt and Mrs. 'larence Mackay will be In charge. Mayor McClellan has appointed four women on the New York City Board of Education. It war my good luck only that has put me on this aide of the window among delightful books and lovely works of art, and not on the other side, in the empty street, the drink stdtped liquor shops, the foul and de graded lodging.. I know by my own feelings and desires what these men want, what would have maved them from this lowest depth of savagery; employment which would foster their selftrespect and win the praise and sympathy of their fellows, and dwell lngs which they could come to with pleasure, surroundings which would soothe and elevate them; reasonable labor, reasonable rest. There is only one thing which can give them this -Art. Wm. Morris. OCIALUTM WANT A FAIM. e a somestamd se Set heMs t se ras c pheyw b Ld I I m , wasor Wadi itasgm, They rwel be ased to ear frem .mrq al i who h es ea ry gsa laM .e te f ew ulomsut, ma m e walln to pay for tme urable Ia ser fag the latnermtm. Addnm: easo Metoma Newo sle.s. MWest. Are you tyrlng to get subs for the Newe? Only 50 cents, and you will help save all the good work that has been deone here. The revolution is an immense hu man amrmation. Victor Hugo. Don't Be a SOCIALIST unless you know WRY you anre one. The cause of o calism has been tremendouly injured and retarded by the ignorance of thoa who talk and write about it without a proper understanding of Its principles. The foolish notion of "dividing up" and the story of the "Irishman's two pig" come from that source. The capitalist writer and speaker. deliberately misrepresent our principles, but if every comrade thoroughly understands Socialism, it will hasten the coming of liberty for all. "The Library Of Original Sources" In the original Dooswmsts-Trstalted. sweeps away the biotry and superstition that has ac cumulated around Religion, Government, Law, Social Science, etc.-bring tolight the naked truth and shows why Soeialism is coming. The "Documents" cover as well the entire Aeld of thought. Prominent Socialists Say "APPEAL TO REASON:" "Active Locals of the Socialist Party could not make a better investment than a set of these books." A. M. SIMONS: "Will be read when novels are for gotten-eaq to grow enthusastle over, dimcult to iad fault with." VICTOR L BUROBR: "Of great value to Socialist students-a treasure miae of inatformation." ERNEST UNTb RMANN: (Leturer Scientice So elalism:) "Your kindnme is most appreciated and I enclose check. The documents will be my most valued companions this winter." TOM CLIFFORD: (Socialist ecturer:" "That which I have longingly desired for years, and which I must confte I despaired of ever enjoying-"The Library of Original Sources,-- service to ecvilisatio." A. R. LIVINGSTON: (Sec. Local, Hackberry, Kan.:) "I owe you my thanks-greatest addition I ever made to my library." WALTER LOHRENTZ: (Sec. Longshoreman's Union Seattle, Wash." "A Boon to the working class who have neither time nor money to secure a university education." ARTHUR MORROW LEWIS: Lecturer Scientifc So. cialism :) "I regard it as the most valuable part of my library." SEYMOUR STEDMAN: "It stands like a pyramid in a desert." Not For "Scholars" but for Thinkers The toilers, the "producers" who are beginning to be dis enthralled and think for themselves. Mail This Today Uuiversity Researchro BEation, Milw.Ukee, Wis. GENTLEMEN:-Please send review articles by Simons and Berger and tell mehow I can get the 10 volumes and a 20 year membership on a co-operative basis No obliga. tion involved by this request. NAME ................................................ ADDRE88 ................... ..................... Moetma News, 1- Psrk Me -. InOAndo.sont G as Light pr-desd bern -mmo Keeeme, sabelutsly no eder, s nel.e, sealt m/d mest rnllabl lights In the world. THE IDEAL LAMPS are the ely lamps that are fully gar.utesd to gew utlre csat testigl. Ome Isap eqmal te SIamea.demset hsstrls ULght at oely me sat per hour F. P. Smith State Agent 1012 Breckearlddg St. IBLBNA. nONT.