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Comrade Kilchl Kaneka who died In Japan on the Ith of October, IO,. Dead-In the beauty and llfe of the moraing Blain ere the dewdrops of youth had fled; Midst the glad strength of his hope came the warning; Lowly he Ile on the couch there dead. cut J sresbme n ETAO ETAOIT All the sweet promise the young life had given Wil be buried for aye in the cold damp ground. All the dear love that so rudely is riven May warm not his heart in the silence profound. Dead-and the birds whistle clear o'er the meadows; Dead-and the flowers bloom fair In the vale; Round his still pillow alone group the shadows; Nature's wide beauty breathes for him no wall. Why was he taken from hearts that In anguish Cry low for the voice that will never more cheer? Why did he leave us in sorrow to languish And shed bitter drops o'er his funeral bier? But out through the mists of the tears that are falling We look on the sunshine that floods plain and wood; We hark to the merry-voiced little ones calling, And know in our hearts that life's ways must be good. The dead past alone may bury its sadness; The dead rest well in the old/world's embrace; And the soul that was culled from earth-life in Its gladness In memory blooms with Immortal grace. IDA CROUCH-HASLETT. Thee Day's Fale nder the above title the followlng transparent claw In the velvet paw appeared in the Missoula Daily He rald of Dec. 10: The function of the capitalist pa per when it comes to labor trouble, in Its friendly spirit to the scab, Is only too apparent in the attitude of the Missoula press toward the switch maen's strike. The fable follows. "Once upon a time, after pondering things over In his mind for a couple ot hours the Am turned to the Horse a,. aud: "See here, now but I don't like things the way they are.' "No? Then go to the master and kick." That's what I am going to do." and away he went and when he had come Into the master's presence he mld: "1 have been, thinking things over. In the first place, why should I work 10 hours per day?' "I dunno," said the master. "And why shouldn't I get 10 hours' pay for eight hours' work?" "I dunno." "In fact, why should I work at all?' "I dunno," repeated the master for the third time. "Nor I either, and I therefore give you notice that I am on a strike." When nalght came the Horse, who had done his daily stunt, received i generous feed, while the Ass not only received nothing but was not per mitted to enter the stable which had heretofore sheltered him. "Here, but what do you call this?" he asked of the Horse through a knot-hole. "I seem to be left out of this thing entirely." "Didn't you strike this morning?" "I did, but-" "And so did the master. It's a came of nothing from nothing leaves noth ing. I'm not very well up In mathe matics but I should my that you had better look for thistles.-Missoula Daily Herald, Dec. 10. The capitalist moral is: The mas ter gives you overything that keeps you alive, and all you have to do, is to work for it as he wants you to. He and his class do not realise that the real moral is: Those that do not work at all should not eat, conse quently the whole class of mastre em ployers should be turned out to starve as idlers, parasltes and useless ef fiuvia. And that is exactly what labor will do with them, when it becomes strong enough to make its strikes effective as they should be. National Pepo Nati.mal Paty 1eteremduam. Spokane, Wash., Nov. 21, 1909. Sec. 1. The National Executive Committee, Socialist Party, shall pub lish a paper, a National Bulletin and a state supplement. See. 2. It shall be mailed direct to the members subject to the regulation herein provided. Sec. 3. It shall be issued the First and Fifteenth of each month, with the proviso that the issues of the 1st of July, August and September of each year may be discontinued If funds are report of all national bodies and con low. Sec. 4. This paper shall publish the ventions, also reports of national of ficials. Bec. S. It shall also publish reports of proposed and pending referendums Sec. 8. Party members or locals shall have space to oppose or support any referendunm to the extent of 500 words, or the election of any person to office, and no second letters on the same subject. Bee. 7. Any member or any local shall have space to publish any complaint against any oftcial to the extent of 400 words and the accused shall have an equal space for defense, and no second letters from either side will be published. Sec. 8. When charges shall have been filed in due form by at least one local in good standing, they shall have space to whatever extent the N. 3. C. shall deem necessary to present their evidence. Sec. 9. When charges are flied against oicials they shall have an equal space for reply. Sec. 10. Ballots for referendums shall be printed In this paper, with Instructions to members to out out and after voting hand or mail to their lo1 cal secretaries. See. 11. Local secretaries shall file these ballots away, for record, in case of contest of any election. Se.. 12. Tte state supplement shall be an Intergal part of the paper and shal be mailed to those members who reside, In the group of states u hich co:,tains the business for their stat,. Sec. 13. This part of tlt: Ipper shall be In editions only larg.- *nomi'~t to supply the group of state, .'hich shall be enough states to include at least 2.000 members. Sec. 14. The contents shall be gath ered from the State Secretary, Btate Editor or other constitutional source, and the same regulations shall govern the kind of matter and amount of space, as has been provided for the national part of the paper. Sec. 15. Business that pertains to a particular state shall only be pub lished in the supplement for that group of states. Bec.16. Each local shall have space to advertise in their state supplement their meetings or demonstrations and reports of the sam,. Sec. 17. To raise funds for this pro. Sect and enable the securing of second class entry, each member in the entire United States shall be assesed the sum of 10 cents each quarter of three months paya'le in advance and his local shall be responsible for the pay ment of the same. Sec. 18. Each state shall elect or otherwise provide an editor who shall collect and forward news and his state shall be responsible for his salary. Sec. I1. Subscriptions to other than party members shall be fixed at $1.00 per year.and no extra or free copies except when exchanged with other so cialist papers. But bundles or single copies may be purchased at the usual rates. Sec. 20. The N. E. C. may be per mitted to modify this referendum as much as may be neede.l to make it workable as circumstances may re quire. eady Cqurse In Boxienum. esson I.-lThe IEconomk of Capital lam: .1. Preliminary.-In all our economic discussion It must be understood that we are talking of people living in modern society-not of Robinson Crusoe on his island nor of the Eskl mo with his harpoon, whom some writers drag In, to the con fusion of their readers. Again, we are talking of ordinary commodities, the supply of which can be indefinitely increased These constitute more tha ninety-nine per cent of the world's wealth; yet many shallow writers fix their atten tion on exceptional articles-pictures by the "old masters", "8tradivarius violins, Jewels of phenomal sise, rare books and stamps, aged wines-things which are practically unique, the sup ply of wlhch is a fixed quantity, and which command from rich collectors what is called a "scarcity price" rad ically different from ordinary price and value. When we speak of "dls trLbutlon," it will be undermi1 that we do not mean transportateos (which Is economically a part of hL pr'o ductive ptooes), but that We maSn the division of the values produoed among the various persons ooese*red -wages to workers, rent to Ind owners, in terest to lenders of apttaSl. profit to possessors of capital. Ito. Utility.-By utility (or "use-vlan") we mean the power of any object to satisfty human want. It matters not to the economist whether the want Is a ringht and healthy one or not; so far as we are concerned, whisky and cocaine have utility. Just as have bread and gold. Each kind of goods has its special utility-bread and meat for food, cotton and wool for clothing, etc. Utilities differ quali tatively and can not be compared quantitatively. We cannot say that a bushel of coal is more or less use ful than a bushel of wheat, since each is useful for a different purpose. Value.-By value (or "exchange value") we mean the power of any commodity to command a definite quantity of any other commodity in exchange. By price we mean the amount of some other commodity which a thing will command in ex change. In civilised society nearly all ex change takes the form of buying and selling with money, no matter whether bills, notes, or checks *epresenting the price is paid down in coin or is put on account to be balanced against other transactions. Practically the price of of a com modity is the amount of money it will sell for. Money is some particular commodity which by custom or law ie adopted as a universal medium of ex change and standard of value. In most countries gold is now the fun damental money. The older economlsts called value "natural price", by which they meant that It is what price tends to be in a free market. In any given case a commodity may sell above or below Its value; but on the whole these cases counterbalance each other and com modities tend to be sold at their value. Value must be distingulshed from utility. The utilities of different com moditles differ in quality and can not bt compared quantatively. On the contrary, the values of different com modities are all alike in quality and can be quantatively measured and compared. The value In a thousand dollars' worth of flour Is exactly the reme as the value of a thousaand dol fars' worth of beer or shoes or kero sene or diamonds. We cannot may that a coat is more or less useful than a loaf of bread; neither can be substi tuted for the other In use. But we can say that a coat Is one hundred times as valuable as a loaf of bread, since we, can sell the coat for $i3 and buy a loaf of bread for i ce.its as values, they are Interchcangeable. What gives things value ?-Only useful things have value. Unless an article will satisfy some human want. no one will buy it. But not all useful things have value. Air Is useful, but valueless. Nor does the amount of value depend on the degree of util Ity. In a sparsely settled and well watered country fish are as useful as In a great city, but they are much less valuable. If each of us had an Ala din's lamp and could get whatever he wished for, the words "value" and "price" would lose all meaning and the science of economics would cease to exist. Only those things have value which are useful and are more or less diff cult to obtain. The amount of value depends, not on a thing's usefulness, but on the difmculty of obtaining It. Value and Price.-Value is a more general and abstract concept, price more concrete and specific. To un derstand value, we must first study the behavior of prices. The price of a commodity may dif fer In various transactions In the same place on the same day, owing to this or that buyer's or seller's urgent needs, his Ignorance that he could make a better bargain around the corner, or some other personal cir cumstance. But this is exceptional. The efforts of buyers to get things as cheap as they can and of sellerS to get as high prices as they can re suit in a tendency for all sales in a given market at a given time to be made at the same price. We shall study only the fiuctations in such generally prevailing prices. The price of a commodity com monly rises and fails from day to day (even from hour to hour In the whole esal, markets) under the Influence of a great variety of temporary condl tlonn--scarcity or glut of goods, de iI.berat, "bulling" and "bearing", ablundlanc, or lack of ready money, chanri H of weather, true or false re ports f, facts that would affect future suppl,, etc. These oscillations of pric., is what we shall study next week ThI. r are also more general last Ing chang,.s of price due to another casll. All commodities are bought and so,ldl with gold (or its representa tie,.' :, .la their prices expressed in terms ,f so much gold. Now the valu. and price of gold may change, as w' II las that of anything else. When gold I,omes dearer, It appear. as a choalp..ning of everything else; when gold ,becomes cheaper, it appears as a rise in the prices of all other com modliti... Having mentioned this species of price-changes for the sake of clearnes, we may now dismiss them from consideration and concen trate our attention on the ordinary course of prices as referred to In the preceding paragraph. Referencs. During the next Ave weeks each studtnt is urged to read carefully one of th*. following: 1. Karl Marx. "Value, Price. and Profit." 2. Deville, "The People's Marx." 3. Hyndman. 'The Economics of Capitalism." "Value, Price and Profit" was writ ten for the special purpose of disprov. Ing the theory that an increase of wages under capitalism would cause an increase of prices and therefore would not benefit the workingmen. Doing this with his characteristic thoroughness, Marx wrote a little book which, if thoughtfully enough studied, may serve well as a general I manual of economic theory. Qutukoes for RevSew. 1. It is often said b: advocates and oplpnents of socialism (e. i., Herbert Spencer) that Its coming is inevitable. Yet socialists think it necessary to work to bring about its advent. How do yon explain this apparent contra diction? In what sense are we to un derstand the "inevitability" of social ism 2. About how old is the capitalist system? About when did it ent.er the mature stagey of machine.-industry? In what country did we have its ear liest development? In what re'spect has its development in the 'nited States differed from its deve.llopme'nt In Europe.' 3. Wi'at do we mean by 'produc tion for use" and "production for sale?" Find Illustrations of both in American economic life of today. 4. In Washington's time all cloth was woven by hand and many men made a fair living Iby hand weaving. A man could weave as much cloth per day on a hand loom now as could his forefather in the eighteenth century. Why would it be impossible for him to make a living now as a hand weaver ? S. Pick out some branch of ma chine Industry with which you are more or less familiar and try to enum erate all the different kinds of work men who take part In creating the product of the factory. CAN YOU make taeimer ma, ee just why at is that bee cla eat get all be prduJes ade., the wage astrem If not. read Value, PriMes and Preft, and then try again. Marx II easier reading and hreler teaj Ing than ms.lt , his Interpre et,.. ISudy hnm for yuraell Cl, th tk .paper 10c.. p*.i paid r lalall hat. Haullrtin tre t Mentioin this pape ard tfor 6. n will rnd helllnternatonal S. ialist Re view. 6 an r. ail a paper copy ea h , f V a'ue. PrilC anrd Probt, the C' nrmullit Manifestol , En aset' fm.lalm, I'. ;,:lan and kIlet.:iic. Spara 's The Soial ass, and Simoia' (lass Siru. a-es In Ameei.a. If you prefer, /N I j11llltuoo 1 II to IIt luIo}k , the f i u pea Ask for Judith Belle Cigars A. MANSELL. Maker, - - Lewistown, Montana at cTOIs INFill because they ARE Montana News Get your Printing done on a Working Class Press INION MEN. H'IA'l1IIST, .ALL WHO ARI: INTERENTED IN THE PIRlM.iENN OF LABOR THROW YOUR IPROF'IT rT) SNUTAIN TIlE VOICE ()F Till: IPEOPLE. All Kinds of First-Class Job Work at the Montana News Olce. BillUs. IAtterheds, Visiting Cards, lk I'"lkets, Foldecrn Post era, itatemnents, and anythingl you wasl In the Printing I Ise. We make a Specialty of Constitutions and By-Laws for IUnions, and all Sorts of Printing that Oblmhlsed Ibur has to pay for.-You want our Paper to defend your Prinlple... We want rour Work to help on the Fight.. A fair Exchange is no Robbery. WE PAY THE EXPRESS. ORDER YOUR JOB WORK at the MONTANA NEWS Helena, Box 908 Montana MONTANA WESLEYAN I SIVERSITY. NIGHT SCHOOL IS NOW OPEN. Tuition S6.00 per month...Phone 9S3 or call at Mi8 North Ewing. Helena, Mont. C. W. Tenny, Pres.