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THE MONTANA NEW&S
IStUED WEEKLY. OFFlIC 10 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 008 Batered at the Post omoe for trama. missnion through the mall at second olam rawe. GRAHAM & HAZLET.r Publshers. IDA CROUCH-HAZLETr Editor and Manager. SUBSCRIPTIONE: One Year ..................... Oc Ili Months ................... 35e One cent per copy in bundles up to 500 National Headquarters. J. Mahlon Barnes, Secretary. 180 Washlngton Street. Chicago, Ill. T II TIHE lUNG(tER TARIFF. a Victor Buerger of Mlilwaukee, in dis-, t cussing the high price of foods, de- i nnominates the situation as the ,'hun- t gtr tarift". lie says it ~1il be thet province of the socialist party to tak. up the fight against this hung.,r tariff , with might and main. Tihe Milwau- tl kee socialists are making good this a determination by arranging and as sisting great mass meetings of the Federated Council, at which the ablest it socialists and labor men in the coun try are speakers, where this hunger s taclt is thoroughly aired from the F workers' .standpoint. What an excellent thing it would p be if the trades councils of every city t1 would hold these big mass meetings, . and analyse for the public the real r causes of high prices, the merclless p domination of the trust over all the o means of life, the powerlessnes of the worker to make legislation to counteract the Increasing misery of a the situation so long as he lets the v trust run its politics, the economic a inevitability of this process of coneen- o tration, and the only remedy In the r workers becoming a governing force . themselves. k The chaos of individual production d I. produclng its legitimate result. * Becretary of Agriculture, James Wil son. makes a report on the situation that illustrates the cyclonic power of the private ownership of the earth. Transfers of land are continually go Ing on. The prices rise with each transfer. The owner of the land must make his profit, or his Interes*, or his rent off the land, and is there fore bound to charge an Increasingly high price for his product. Prices of the means of living are bound to go up. Again the Improvement and increasu Ing science in the means of obtain ang gold has cheapened that product. It is being produced more extensively and at less cost. Consequently it will be cheaper-that is, it will take more gold to buy products than before. But the employers of labor, who are the sellers of products take good care that they do not pay higher for la bor. Labor can only raise its own price through its own collective ac tivltles, in unions, at the ballot, pub lic mass meetings, its own powerful press. Labor has to face permanently in creasing high prices for the future. What is it going to do about it? EASTERN IMPOLSIBUABLM ON WESTERN CONDITION. Henry L. Slobodin, a New York lawyer socialist, writes a vicious ar ticle In the February "International ltevlew" against Wisconsin socialists. Isidor Ladoff, who re.plies to the same in the "Social-Democratic Ilhrold, of Milwaukee, says that Chas. Kerr, the editor of the "Review", publishes such stuff as a matter of cool calcula tion. The "cool calculation" referring to the fact that there are many Amer ican workingmen readily carrl,.d aw ay by shallow material in their concep tion of purposeless work, and when the "Rcvlew' left the constructive phase and started out on noisy and direct action its subscribers Increased by many thousands, and its treasury likewise. It was money to Kerr to profess to believe that "vox popull vox del cst." Apart from the violent personal at tack on Wisconsin socialists sad their efforts, Mr. Slobodin's utteranoe con sists largely of a comparison between the laws of Wisconsin and those of t various western states, includlng Mon- Mil tana. He scouts what he is pleased ortl to call the "Wisconsin Idea"; namely, the doing the work of a political party by socd electing socialists to help make the D laws. As this is merely the Interna- .r, tional idea and by no means an ex- clal clusive possession of Wisconsin social- and Ists, we feel that a man of Blobodin's call learing should be in better business than writing such silly trash. Wisconsin is an old farming stat", ist and the unions had a hard time to get the a start. The laws are antiquated. are Twenty years ago labor was stronger old in Montana than it is today. The Ical Kn:ghts of Lt.bor were thoroughly the organized and their influence was felt at the ballot box. This influence was a also felt in the constitution and labor old legislation. It is only in the past fif teen years that labor got a foothold has in \'Viscomsin. This state used to I.e the d, slair of the organized labor of ent the country. After it became a manu Itic factoring state and organized labor dre ,..came strong It had to overconme all Pal the vicious legislation of the past. Thi Montana will not take a back seat of for the labor laws at present on its list statute books; and, in proportion to its population, municipal ownership is further advanced than in any other pot state. Were Montana as fortunate as an] Wisconsin in hat ing a strong, militant Iml socialist movement, and the same pro- ly I portion of intellectual socialist giants wol that Wisconsin has, we would be con- a spicuous for our advancement on the for road to socialism, as the natural op- ( portunities yet to be taken advantage vid of are so great. of Slobodin speaks of Montana's Em- "Al mIODoIII epeaas UL NIUU U ml ployers' Liability Act. True, Mon- Ini tans has such an act, but it is of no ne value to the workers. Nine months In, ago the Montana supreme court gave lot a decision in favor of the Great li Northern railway, in the case of a in widow of an englneer who had been he killed, and the wife was suing for a damages. The decision was to the effect that under the Liability Act the qu railroad company was only liable for vi damages providing that the injured sc person lives. It is not liable for ac- be cidents In which death occurs outright or for injuries resulting in death. A ai man must live to get damages. The m family has no recourse. al The Montana law is patterned after A the Iowa law. The supreme court us decision is based on the Iowa supreme court decision. In almost all the ly states the liability acts are patterned th after the Iowa law. Wisconsin does a* not lose much by not having a liabil- t Ity act like Montana. And we feel ui confident that when Wisconsin, with as her rapidly increasing socialist con tingent In the legislature, does pass a Id liability act it will not be patterned after the Iowa law. owing to the so- as clalists on guard. Blobodin is fighting E the battle of the capitalists and the laws they make, and not of the so- a clalists, who have had no chance to g make the laws, and for whom Wis- It consin people are trying to get the h law-making power. Slobodin attempts to make another V point on the fact that Montana has I a union label on public printing law. E There is a law to that effect, but It U Is practically a dead letter, as there 0 are no socialists in the legislature or t at the capital to enforce it. t Mr. Slobodln does not seem to be P aware that Nevada owns its own state t printery. This is owing to the fact t that organized labor was a power when Nevada became a state. When the new states make their constitu- I tions and lawn they have the benefit t of all the legislation of the past. Thus the constitution of Oklahoma is the most advanced in the country. It has profited by the blunders and the weaknesses of the past. Blobodin's article is a poor argu ment against soc lalist legislation. What we want is more of it, not less. In the recent elections in Allegheny County, Pa., thirty odd socialists were elected as inspectors of election on the Socialist ticket. Whittaker BOur ough elected a socialist auditor and three councllmen. Mse, hbei and BHai. It: By John Spargo. Robert Hunter has told us that the o. Wfllwaukee Socialist policy is aot lrltgnal; that It is, after all, only f he traditional policy of International ociallsm. 1I1 My genial friend 'lBob" has dlaoov- is red that Berger has no right to ,.I laim a patent for what he (proud v nd Incurable provincial that he Is) ti ,als "the Milwaukee idea". tl (I need hardly r,.mind you that the hi .eence f this idea Is that the Socoll- It at party and the trades unions are to r, he working class h bat the two arms ii Ire to a man's body. It rejects the I° ld notion that the party-the polit cal arm---should attlempt to control , ,he uplon-the ,economl arm). I It is perfectly true that Bebel. t learning by experi.nce the folly of his " )Id belief that the unions should hbe mubservient to the political movement. has reached a very diffterent position tl Rebel would hlx e the trades unions it rnter politics, but not into Imarty poi- t itics, If 1 understand aright the ad dress on "Labor UInions and Political Parties", which Comrade Elisabeth rhomas, the eftficient state secretar> of Wisconsin, has translated and pub- I' i.shed in pamphlet form. h He would not have the unions im pose political tests of membership., ny more than he would have thenm, Impoae religious tests. His feet firm ly planted on the class struggle, Hebeli would condemn either kind of teat as L source of weakness and division o+ t4 rorces. UK Coure, ne ,uuIu , SO "r . -nu'- tl vidual trades unionist join the party.. of his clam and become active in It: "Although the trades union must go into workingmen's politics, but not necearilly party politics, yet for the individual member of the trades un ion, the hour will come when he most give due expression to his convictions in a fight of political parties. But here he acts not as a trades -Ia .t, but as a cids of I. contryq...e.. " "The trades union has no right to a question him about his political con victions, nor has it the right to pro scribe to him to what party he shall belong outside of the trades union." What mischief would have been : averted, and how different our history I must have been, had this broad view : always characterized the attitude of - American Bociaista upon the trades union question! I hold (and did when I wam active engaged in the trades union fight) _, tat the Socialist party cannot and to would not stand in the relation of dieo- g, ;tor. or schoolmaster, to the trades Ah alon. but In that of a brother in the thl rht, a comrade at arms. ha "Very good! That is the Milwaukee a[ lea", cries Victor Berger. p. '.Yes, and it is the idea of B bel, od of the great Socialist parties of urope," cries Robert Hunter. on "Right you are, both of you." I re- Ip Pond. "It was also the view of a oh reater man than Berger or BtbeLpi t was the policy which Carl M.1ars Imself urged, many years ago." In 1669 Marx visited Hanover. rhere he stayed with his old frilnd, )r. Kugelmann. At that time, he ave an interview to Herr Hamann. ecretary of the German Metal W,rk rs' Trades Union, on the questio of lie relations of Socialist parties and he trade unions. The interview was published in the "Volkestaat". and here is no question as to its autlten Icity. Said Marx: "The trades unions hould never be affiliated with ui d,, ºendent upon a political socitty If hey are to fulfil the object for \hitich U BUTTE SMOKERS I Patronize Home Industry by Smoking velo Fritz Mia Belle n you' the only Union Made Cigars in Butte. D Factory, 1130 Missouri Ave. • Butte, Mont. any ouFRD C. KU FRED C. KUHN. Prop. ,prt It* hey are tormed. It (-h Smp i iS m=se thmar dmh bSMeer." There I. no mltaking the meaning t language like thatt "The tradee unlba are the schoole ,r Soci.alhm, the workers are there d,.cated up to loolalism by meana of h I lcestIt . StruM le agehet capial. m, whk I. beg carrmle befes their y'e.. All political partles, be they ghat they may. can hold sway over he mass of the workers for only a lme; the trades unions, on the other and. capture them permanently; on - the trades unions are thus able to l,present a real working clam party. nid to form a bulwark against the -, er of capital." And these brave words should be :ad by all those short-sighted so idists, who thlnk, that to improve he lot of the workers will wean them rom us. "The greater mass of the workers onceive the necessity of bettering cir material position, whatever po tical party they may belong to. Once ie material position of the worker ;s improved, he can devote himself the better education of his chil ren; his wife and children need not o to the factory, and he himself can ay some attention to his own mental ducation, he can the better see to is physique. He becomes a lodealit rtbeot knowing It." .ear in mind: It is Marx who peaks here. Hunter traced the "Mil raukee dea" from Berger back to ebel. Now, as these quotations rove, we can trace it further back, Karl Marx. "Marslam" Is not merely a body of heory; there Is also a practical Marismn", which has been too much egteeted. pmaltsm Respomile ter tih Well. Iason Horror. The wiltchmen's strike for living wages and better conditions to work under, and capitalism's desire to crush labor. furnishes a death-dealing demonstration of the clam struggle at "Wesllaton. The great rotary saowplow at Wellingaton had not bees running for days, and many engines were not In use because there was no C coal, and the railroad could not D handle its coal for want of switchmen to do Its work. Had the switchmen = been paid fair wages the tracks would have been clear, and snowsllde would L not have beeoon acommodated with the b chance to sweep death and destruo- h tion with it; and had the Great North ern railroad hired one or two men to watch sad put out forest Ares last summer, the snow slide would not have occurred at all. But you see all this costs money, and capitalism must have profit, and can not afford to look after the lives and welfare of the people it robs.-World Referee. At Pittsburg a strong movement is on foot to establish a $60,000 munic Ipal butchering plant In order to cheapen the cost of meat to the peo ple. Osde year Job Woek NOW. Subscribe for The Little Socialist Magazine sad teach your chlldrea prop erly from the cradle up. 80 CBNTS A YBAR I5 Spruce Street, NEW YORK. V - - R- £9 C Montana News JI II! 1 Get your Printing done on a Working Class Press UNION MEN, SOCIALISTS, ALL WHO ARE INTERESTED IN THE PROGRESS OP LABOR THROW YOUR PROPITS TO SUSTAIN THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. All Kinds of First-Cihs J Work at the Montana News Onca BIlls, Letterheads, Visiting Cards, it, Folders Post erM, Statements, amd anything you w I In the Printing l ne We make a Spedalty of Omustutaons and By-laws for Unions, and all Sorts of Printing that Oamlased Ilabor Ia to pay for.-Tou want our Pape to defead rour Principles... We want yoar Work to btp on tLhe it.. A fair cbdago L- as Robbery. WE PAY THE EXPRESS. ORDER YOUR JOB WORK at the MONTANA NEWS Helena, Box 908 Montana BOOKS TO READ ON SOCIALISM To be Obtained from Montana News -E CHWB *OR I Weem m Ilatoktord-Mewrrie aglead. Mr .-aolly--4oealsm Made ear. Mo evlle-I.--e State sad Soeism; Us elealem, Revolution sad Interim toeallm. SI -.ls.--oooslai.m, Utopian sad Sol ens. Unt bknaeht--e lanll , What It Is. ar--Valsue, Price sad ProSt. Va lar: ad Rey rag e Communist Corris and Ote.--o t eag with Mus~e. sp'rse--ithe *oeallts Car A.ew The Art of Leeturlasg. Ipargeo-The Common leane of 8o fall-Modern SocIalism. Prlnciples of Sitesntie Soealism, 85 Cents. Ll wlrm CKNIT )OOre Cloth. Boelsohe-The Evolution of Man; The Triumpt of Life. Mo nele--Orlsgi of the Framil; SoeeW- R am,. Utopia sad Sotentldo. Spa -errl-Poeltive Shool of Criminology Pranoe-- rms of Mind In Plants. Tr Kautaky-thles usad the Materialist Us Conoeption; The ooial Revolu- yV tion. Lafarue-The Right to Be Las.; The Industrial Evolution. O2 LA Monte--ocialism, Posltive and Ma Neative. Lewt-Evolutlon, Soolal sad Oramaie; Ten Blind Loaders of the Bulnd; r Vital Problems in Social evolu. tion. Ms Liebknecht-Memoirs of Karl Mars. Mar--Value, Price and Proit. Marx and Kngels--The Communlat We Manifesto. Don't you want some soolalistL en elopes? The Montana News prinat for oem In red Ink-only 6S cents a hun- It y red. Make Unole km distribute you our socialist propaganda. woe Sget Do you know of say job work, or bent ny printing of any kind that you ho, ould Just as well get for a worker's ar, rlnt shop as for a capitalist shop ? Sso send it n to the News. 0 Cloth. l*aw.-The and of the World The Making of the World. [orris ad Bua - Soolall.m. It Growth and Outoome. argo--The Soclaletb. lohman---It sad Death. lnau and ReveluUtm. Bnad; Vital Problems in Scial Evolutlon. anderveldo--Cootiojvam ad In dutrial Evolution. cork-What's N and What I't. ONE DOELAR OOS. Cloth. -artohtor--O. d and m- Nolshbur. 'arpente-Loves Coming of Age. lgeb---andmarks oft Ileattl So edlasm. .erri-osisnUm sad Modern olbnoe. Mbtc--Phylieal Bual of Mind sad Matter. -brolola--ary on Hietorls Mater S'mlam. Secialim aad Phlesophy. aflru---The Edvolutlo of Property. Aw--Th R of the Amerlssa Proletariaa. hUniversa Klnship. door-DBetter World Phllosoph, The ppaporL.ookasg Peorward. Ipro.-rMhe Common leasm oft o ciaslim. "rgs--rhe Charniar Order. Jntermana-Maurstan M oonomios. Vall-Prlnolples of Solentle Soolal NNB & ONB-HALP DOLLAR BOOKS Morgan-Aaoelet Society. TWO DOLLARS DOOnK franklin--The Soclal.uaton of Hu manity. Mar--Capital, Volume L Capital, Volume I. Capital, Volume IIL Ward-The Ancient Lowly, VoL L The Aolenat Lowly, Vol. U. Remember, the "'lll of Mammon" r 10 subs. Try this deal and see you don't say you are well paid for our work. lend the champlon of the orking clau leaping skyward, ad it a book tree that you can gir to nighted workers and teach them the Drrors produced by the system they re voting for, and the remedy. Jrpe yen Job Weeork NOW.