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-..._,,U The Only Worklrgrman's Paper in Montana
- . MONTANA NETWS VwO Y as M NA Uon MSAR C 2 a1910 2 o A. VOL TY VoL ... RE ,L" ,eNA, MONTNA THURSDAY, MARCH 24, 1910. NO. 28 Strike Is Spreading Head of State Federation of Labor in Pennsylvania Condemns Brutality of Rapid Transit Company Phladelphia.-The general strike is spreading dally. The horse shoers have Just come out and effected a complete tie up. The department store clerks are coming out. They have already closed the stores in sev eral suburbs. E. E. Oreenwalt, President of the Utate Federation of lAbor, is the cen ter of interest In Philadelphia today, for he has issued a call for a general strike through out the state of Penn sylvaala. In reply to a request that he give the reasons for calling the state strike Mr. Oreenwait said: uardot IALonu oushl "Iabor has sffered long enough. I never was so shooked In my life as when Hugh Hawa of the Carmen's union wired me of the terrible out rage of last Thueday. when the cap itaWitsa sent a street car loaded with armed soabe through the streets to murder anocent citisenas. "The people bear and forbear. I cannot understand how the people of Philadelphia could tolerate that blood carnage. I never was so angry in my life. Masu meetings have been disperwed, parades broke up, men, women sad ohildren beaten by the pelee, strikers arrested and rail roaded to jail to from thirty to sixty days for no cause. aoney lesa I seMi. The capitalists stand together. Uke them labor should my. The con. corn of one Is the concern of all.' In fact, we must stand together or be completely annihilated. This fight Is the ight of the whole state. This is a strike for self preservation. "For that reason the Btate Federa lon of Labor notified me to call a general strike." rAppee Labr Pntes. The Presedent of the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, I. W. Thompson, Is an active member of the Street Railway Men's union, an organlsatlon of some 600 members nearly all of whom appreciate the value of everlasting persistance and poUtical activity on election day. M. a. Greenwalt, President of the Pennsylvania Federation of labor, has called a state-wide strike of the toller of the state, to go Into effect last Monday. This is the eanounee meat of the committee of ten having the strike In charge. The labor leaders announce that they have already received assur qkl.(4. N¥ 4t4 8. t N\ N\ \\N 1 \ \ \,\\\ I ~qq. BUSSE STOPS HAND ORGAN PERMIT Fred. A. Busse, mayor of Chicago, and the property of the traction In terests, has lined up with Mayo- Rey burn of Philadelphia in the war on the striking street car men. Buse's act in aid of Reybunr and the trac tion crooks of Philadelphia I. charaoc terlstic of Busse, am a plump and fair ly intelligent omce boy for J. P. Mor gan. Mayor Busse has refused a per mit to John Burns, member of Dlvi ion No. 477. Amalgamated Assocla tion of Street and Railway Bmployee, of Philadelphia, to play a hand organ on the streets of Chicago to aid the strikers in the city where Mayor Rey burn and P. A. B. Widener, traction crook, live in Brotherly Love. It was J hn Burns, who with three or ftour fellow members of his local union, played a hand organ before the ances that Pittsburg. Erle. Scranton and Wllkesbarre, as well as a num ber of other points in the state, will Join in the movement, while others are being hear from hourly. The politicians and finanolal gen luses have been stampeded by the call daily more liberal in their concesilons to the men. Demands Refused. Vice-President Clarence Wolfe of the P. R. T.. wro represents a major Ity of the board of directors, refused. however, to grant the terms demand ed by Clarence O. Pratt, leader of the strikers. Mr. Wolfe maintains firmly that the company shall not be chal lenged in Its right to hire and dls charge workmen. Mr. Pratt contends that the right to hire and discharge is not attacked, but that the com pany's abuse of the right is the point at Issue. At times the settlement seemed cer tain. Mr. Wolfe remained unmoved by appeals, and ansisted that the com pany could not stultify Itself by re employing the 173 men. Pratt. hav nla been Informed by i. R. Greeawalt that a state-wide strike would be or dered by Moeday, Mares It, In ease the ecompay re.maned 4e4S04 pressed his demands with confidence No other issue remained between the company and the men, but the one mentioned could not be got over. As soon asu reenwalt was told that the agreement seemed unlikely, he tele graphed orders to all unions afRllated with the State Federation of Labor to go on strike Monday. The order ad vances the state sympathetic strike four day. The call originally named March 21. Want Speial Semton. It lt the state-wide strike factor that is moving the politicians to ac tivity. There is a stbry that a spec lal session of the Pennsylvania legis lature is to be called by Gov. Stuart In case the P. R. T. and the men do not come together In the next day or two for the purpose of enactlng a compulsory arbitration law. There will be continued conferences between representatives of the car men and those who are now acting for the Rapid Transit company. City councils at their meeting re fused to receive resolutions calling for arbitration of the street-car troubles which two of the members tried to In troduce. The public was admitted to the galleries but no demonstration occured. offces of J. P. Morgan and company and played on Wall street and Broad way under a permit from Mayor Gay. nor of New York. John Burns took out of his pocket the engraved per mit signed by Mayor Gaynor sad then told the story of Mayor Buoe's re fusal to grant a permit In Chlcago. Suppose Burns had been a gambler. Suppose Burns had been a silk-hatted crook like P. A. B. Widener of Phil adelphia. But Busso runs with his own crowd in the city hall and at Murphy's on the north side, and so he knows to whom to be good. One copy of the "Mills of Mammon' and the Montana News one year for $1.2S. Regular prices 1.60. BLOODY REIGN OI CS SBIOWSN. ast FvPe TYear Have Wg lake the Middle Age. St. Petersburg-The RiumI w..k Ir, "Prawo", a legal publlestlon, e,,n tains statistlcs in the last mumbhr of the transactions of the courts of just Ice in Russia for the last aew year.. The Dreth BFrteaes. The total number of death stn tences for the last five years amounts to 6,168 and the executloms to 2',k.55. The average number for oeah month In this period is 104 senteness and 48 execution., and each week 24 son tences and two executlons. In the yesr 1108, when martial law want In force, the number of death sent' ne.s amount In a single month to two hun dred and twenty. In 1901 the max Imum number of death sentOaces per SOCIALIST NATIONAL CONVENTION Once more we have a national re ferendum before us which calls for serious consideration. Many of the comrades have got so wearied and dis gusted with the lacesant flood of re ferendums which have poured over us during the peat two years that they neglect to vote, and thus It has sev eral times happened that etraordin arily foolish propositions have been carried by the vote of a very small minority of the party membership. I would urge that no comrade fall to record himself upon the proposal now 'made, to do away with the national convention which, according to the present constitution, is to e, held in Chicago this *OniOW lMau 'n my oplatea, the reemseiem . be defeated and the eld. ant In MW W Al rlýa P * cided by the vote of a respectable pro portion of the party membership, not by a majority of a few hundred In a total vote of five or six thousand out of forty thousand party members. The initiators of this proposal seem to think that there is no occasion for holding a national convention except once In four years, and then for the purpose of adopting a national cam palgn platform and nominating candi dates for president and vice-presldent. If this were the fact then there would be no sense in our European com rades ever holdinw national eleotions. at all, since no European country has anything corresponding to our nation al campaigns and national elections. But, though they have no national ticket to nominate, though all their campaigns are local in the same sense as are our congressional campaigns In the Intermediate years, yet we find that In every European country the socialist party holds a national con vention regularly every year, and sometimes a special convention be sides. And everywhere it is recog nlsed that these frequent convoentions, which bring together comrades from all parts of the country and enable them to take a general view of the situation and exchange opinions and collaborate in working out plans, are one of the chie reasons for the splen did discipline and solidarity which dis tingulshes our party from others and for the admirable combination of re volutionary fervor with practical good sense, of sioentific understanding with capacity for getting things done, in which the socialist parties of Europe are so far ahead of us in the United otates. The moat Important part of the work of a national convention la not the adoption of a campaign platform and the choice of two candidate.. These things might be attended to by a referendum, it they were all that had to be done. Yet, in conventions held in presildential years, these min or matter unavoidably overshadow everything else. Of far greater im portance are other matters-the gen eral survey of social and political eon ditions In their aspects and in all parts of the country and in their mutual re week was 29, and in 1908, 39. I)ur Ing last year not a single week passed without some death sentences. In January, 1908, sentences of the ex treme penalty were passed, amount. ing to an average-of ten a day. In February of the same y,.ar the max Imum number was 14. Like the Middle Ages. 'These figures r,-mind us," says the Prawo, "of the bloodi. st perlod of the middle ages. Rtussian history contains no account that can c.mpare with the present period in the number of death decrees." The only diff, r. ne', between the middle ages and the' present is that the Muscovite C'zar. lI.n IV., bore the name Ivan the Te.rrilel.. while Nicho las II., who puts th,. reign of terror Instituted by Ivan in the shade, is given the name in history of '.The Peaceful Czar". lations; the consideratloon of the les sons taught by local experience in var lous parts of the country; the calm criticism of our form of organization and our methods of action; the pro posal of all sorts of improvements, and the full and direct discussion of these proposals, and the working out from them of plans embodying the best that all have offered; the const It eration, away from the hurry and ex citement of a nominating convention and an Impendlng national campaign. of the many special problems raised for us by the peculiar conditions of our country and by the most recent phenomena In Its economic, political, and soclal development, and the settle. ment of these problems, not by ready made formulas and popular phrases, but by serious examination of facts and testing of opiaions. Never was a national convention- and a convention free from the dom Inating influences of an approaching electoral struggle - more urgently needed than here and now. The last two years have been eventful ones. It is universally recognised that the stream of events is moving faster than is our party organisation-that we are not keeping up with growth of social Istic thought and feeling and with the Intensification of the class struggle, and that we are very much at a lows to know just what we ought to do in any of the numerous particular situa tions which from time to time present themselves to us on a local or a na tional scale. Comrades are discumsing with a good deal of acrimony what the socialist party ought to do in the event of a labor party arising; a na tional convention is needed, if for no thing else but to consider how to make the socialist party so completely fill the field and so efficlently do the needed work that there shall be no occasion for a separate labor party. Comrades are "pointing with pride" or "viewing with alarm" the conduct of the party in Wisconsin, in New York, in Oklahoma, in Washington. A na tional convention is needed to prevent these and other states from going to wild extremes In any direction by en abling each to teach and learn from the others. Each of our national conventions in the past-that at Rochester In 1901. those at Indianapolis in 1900 and 1901, those in Chicago in 1904 and 1908-has been productive of much good to the party, has healed incipie schisms, bound the national organization of our party in closer harmony, Increased the etifciency of its work, and roused new enthusiasm within our ranks and commanded in creased attention from tlhe. outside. For these reasons I am of the opin ion that the holding of i n:ational convention this year is much t. ibe~ de aired. At any rate, I would ,emphat Ically urge that every comradei vote upon the question, so that the d.clision of the convention of 1904 to alopt here what is an established institutln of the socialist party in ev\ery other country may not be overturned lty the opposition of one-tenth of our Tullm bership. ALGER.NON LE,.l New York. February 1910. Attack on Beef Trust Federation of Labor Takes the Present Time as a Great Chance to Or ganize the "Stock Yards" War on the industrial tyranny that is making abject slaves out of the toilers in the, stock yards is to be started inmm.diately by the Chicago FI.eiration of Labor and hacked by the. ,ntir. power of that organization, which has b,,hind it the support of the American Federation of Labor. This was the sense of a set of resolu tions passed by the Federation at its last meeting. This means that two labor organl zations, the American Federation and the Industrial Workers of the World, will strive to free the stock yards' toiler from the domination of the beef "truust" and set at naught its imperial policy of labor degradation that has been in vogue since organ ised labor was driven from the "yards' as a result of the crushlng defeat of the workers in 1904. Used As a Naces.. There are a few labor union locals alltated with the A. F. of L, left in the "yards" that will be used as a nucleus about which to inaugurate labor's battle for better conditions !n defiance of the present "trust" su premacy. The Industrirl Workers of the World have held several mass meeM.a "brack *t the yards" recent ly that were well attended and prov ad a factor in the education of the workers. The resolutions adopted by the Chicago Federation of Labor are as follows: "To the Chicago Federation of Labor: "Whereas, public statements give Armour & Co. dividends last year amounting to 35 per cent; and "Whereas Wages of workingmen in the stock yards during the past five and one-half years have gradually de clined since the disruption of the but chers' organization in 1904; and "Resolved, We believe this to be the opportune time to reorganize the 'yards' once more; therefore be it "Resolved, That we. the only repre sentatives of the late butcher work men's strike in the stock yards, ap peal to the Chicago Federation of La bor to do something in helping to re organize the rtock yards; and be it further "Resolved. That all trades which are interested In urganizing the stock yards be asked to take pa-t in the plan as outlined by the Chicago Fed eration of Labor some time ago, by contributing their share of the money needed; and be It further "Resolved, That we appeal to all WAGE INCREASE FOR SWITCHMEN Chicago.-An increase of thre4 cents an hour to switchmen and of five dollars a month to switchtend ers and towermen of several railroads is granted in a decision of the fed eral arbitration board announced late Tuesday evening of this week. The Increase Is retroactive, going into effect February 10, 1910, on the followong railroads which became In volvetd in a wage controversy with the Switchmen's Union of North America: Chicago and Enatern Illinois, Chi cago switching district; Chicago Great Western. entire system except Twin Cities district; Chicago, Hock Island and Pacific, entire system except In ver Grove, Minn.; Terminal Transfer railroad, entire system; Lake Shore and Michigan Southern, Michigan Central, went of Detroit river; Pere afnliated unions to demand the mar ket card of the Ibitcher workmen when purchasing meant." ReMOutions Unanimously Adopted. The resolutions were ubImitt,., by C. F. Smith. Int.,rnational Vie.-i'rsal dent of the Amalgamated Mbat ('ut ters and Butchers W',rkm. n of .\m,"r lca, on behalf of the Cattle Hlut hers' Local No. 87, and the Caring W\ork era' Local No. 158. The r.sls.tions were unanimously pa:nad by th', fed eration . Nearly a year ago the first plans for organlizng the toilers in the "yards" in a war on the "beef trust" wer,, first thought out. The matter cam., up when Edwin It. Wright, President of the Illinois Federation of Labor, sug gested to the officials of the Chicago Federation of Labor that an organ izing campaign be started in this city. It was up to the Chicago federation to decide upon the place and the time to hold the meetlngs. Jerry Kane, a member of the ex ecutive board of the federation from the Cigarmakers' Union, suggested that the work of organization be started in the "yards". This idea was heartily adopted. For various rea sons, however, the real work of or gaalalag the men was postponed, part ly because of the action of the Amer lean Federation of Labor convention. which was followed shortly by the II linois State Federation of Labor con ventlon. The time, however, is now ripe for action, and it Is planned to conduct an active campaign imme diately. Secretary Edward N. Nockels of the federation, will iSue a call immedi ately for a meetlag of all the unions interested, to be held soon. The struggle will then be on. The ,'beef trust" is recognized as the most formidable antagonist of or ganired labor in this country, not ex cepting the steel trust. The condt tions at the present time in 'the yards' have been brought about by a precon ceived plan of labor degradation that must have started nearly a score of years ago. The Tr't's Power. The power that organized labor must combat is only recognized when the extent of the power of the "beef trust" is fully comprehended. This power is set forth to some extent by Charles Edward Russel in the open Ing of his book "The Greatest Trust in the World". Marquettte, entire system; Wisconsin Central, Chicago switching district. The advance is justified by the ar bitartlon board on the ground of In creased cost of living, approximatlng twenty-five per cent in the last four yaers. An increase in the pay of as sistant yardmaster was denied. The decision will affect more than 4.000 switchmen. During the hearing before the ar bitration board. Fratnk Nay, controller ot the Rock lsla;nd railroad, testified that an increase of t cents an hour In the wages of the s witchmen on that road would cost the company $155,000 annually. lie added that it other employes were to receive a sim liar inorease it would cost the road $1,700.000 rnnually above the pres ent pay roll.