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TE MONTANA NEWS.
Pv'ICu It PARE AV. P. O. .OX Si naterod at the Post 08k* for trae. meues through the mall at seeoal elue rauts. GRAHAM & HASL'IT. PublMeIS. IDA ( OUCKE.-UAWI mor sad Maing. SUa uIPTIONSI One Tear ..................... Ie* Ef Meoths ................... ale One cent per oopy In buadles up to 5ii National Hadqurters, . . MahIlo arne.s. eoretary. 138 Wanhington Street. Chicalge IlL SOME SOCIALISr NOTIONS. A little learning is a dangerous thing. Drink deep or taste not the Pierlon spring. Their shallow draught. intoxicate the brain: But drinking largely sobers one again. -Pope. Every now and then there appears in the arena of the so-called socialist erudition the question, "Is the worker robbed only in production, or in pro duction pnd consumption also?"-the radical or near impomlbllist element always contending viciously that the worker is exploited only at the pro duction end of the line, that the cost of living is taken in to consideration when he is paid his wages, that the - worker does not pay taxes, but that taxes comes out of the surplus-value portion of the product. And these assertions are made with as much em phatic reiteration as though they were a unalterable as the laws of the Medes and Persians which changeth not. The wide scholarship and true un- UJ flatggng perseverance of Ernest Un- tr termann have given to the world the N second and third volumes of Marle cs "Capital". Those who are wont to E "their Marx" have heretofore gives bi their attention solely to the first vol-. n ume of "Capital." This may be the ri reason we are at times treated to some wonderful trash: as for lastance "the surplus-value In land" recently a In the Chicago Uocialist by an aspir Ing divine. The second and third volumes oon- t tinue Marx' exposition of the capital- , slt system. s Comrade Unterman In the June c International Socialist Review gives t a brief synopsis of Marx' argument. and refers to an idea that has gained c credence among the shallow-drinkers. that a close study of the later vol-. I umes will cause a revision of the I Marxlan theories as expounded in vol ume I. Here is what Unterman has to say: "No revision of Marx' theories is necessary in this respect but only a I revision of the misconcept pns of the would-be revisionists by themselves. If they were as eager to revise their own muddled concepts as they are to revise Marx's theories they would get to work studying Marx more pro foundly and that would be of great benefit to themselves and to the so cialist movement. "A question which has long bother- e ed our impossibillats, who are only c revisionists at the radical pole of the t socialist movement, is that of second- I ary exploitation. They have strenu ously denied that the proletariat can be exploited in the circulation of com modities as well as in their produc tion. At last they can read and see for themselves that Marx considered a secondary exploitation as one of the principal mr.ans by which the rate of profit is prevented from falling. And it is evident that this secondary ex ploitation must be far greater in a stage of industrial monopoly like the one in which we are now living, than it was under the stage of competition in which Marx wrote. Here then is not of Marxian theories, but of the muddled conceptions of the impossi billst revisionists" Here is another Jolt. Victor Ber ger in the last number of the Bocial Democratic Herold, discussing the ne cessity of the city purchasing a pr vate park that there Is now amn epMe tahty to obtain. has this to aMr The real tahpayer ae the pe who do almost all the work. pr meaWt all the rent (directly or Indtreotly) or own the little homes-who buy most of the .oods of the city or make It possible for other people to buy." 8o the imposilbillsts will get &a* other ohance to save the country by expounding political economy. AMERICAN LESE MAJTE. Is the Voice of the Poeple to Be Silenced? Some people who are undoubtedlys obseesed with European Monarchial t traditions, are apparently trying to establish the un-American proposition c of Lese Majeste. The contention that American institutions. including the a courts, may not or dare not be critl- t cled cannot have proceeded from any other source unless it be the Levant a or the Orient. To any full-fledged American citizen this impression must r be too ridiculous to be seriously en- c tertained or discussed. Many years ago the supreme court of the United States affirmed the pro- 4 position that where the constitution ality of an act of congress is open to well founded doubt, the doubt should be resolved in favor of the legislation. Notwithstanding this plain and un qulvocal afrfrmation this august trib unal declared the Income Tax Law unconstitutional by a vote of five to four, and one of the five had changed his mind during the night preceding the day of the decision. Will anyone contend that there was no doubt in that instance? And will anyone dare to assert that we are not at liberty to criticise that tribunal? That decision is only one of many instances in which that tribunal ha violated its own unequivocal expres sions of opinion. In one instance it sustains 10 per cent as a fair earning from invested capital and later In the New York Gas case it makes it 6 per cent. Are we to understand from our European subjects that this may not be criticised and the tribunal de nounced for its lack of legal integ t rity ? When the Judi ary of our western I states becomes so corrupt as to become an international scandal and the sub ject a coarse Jest among the people, are we to maintain silence and allow these legal prostitutes to escape the wholesome criticism which they de serve. and, indeed, for which all our constitutions have provided? When the author of a standard text book of the law, a professor of law in one of our leading universities, admonish es the student to pay scant attention to the railroad decision of the su preme court of Pennsylvania for the reason that the Pennsylvania Rail road company appears to run that tribunal as It does its trains between Philadelphia and Pittsburg. are we to refrain from giving expression in print or otherwise to our Indignation, emo tion or condemnation? Nonsense! And if we may criticise the source of such prostitution of the law of the land, how much more vig orously may we criticise and condemn I the conduct of the Ignorant minor of flcials who so frequently commit out rages upon the citizens in the name of Imaginary law. The press of the r country lsn been exercising its right e to criticise public officials from the - President of the United States down - to the most insignificant Imbecile In n New C'astl,. and it must continue to do so in order to protect and preserve the liberties of the people. Alfred Henry Lewis in Pearson's Magazine' charges President Taft with ,'the betrayal of a nation." the Ameri can Magazine has recently condemned the Secretary of State for his conduct in the Cran.e affair; the Cosmopolitan long since published a series of ar ticles by David (Iraham Phillips on "The Treason of the Senate" in which each senator was mentioned by name and his corrupt relation to certain In terests revealed; Everybody's Maga zinel is printing the horrible details of Colorado, politics by Judge Lind sey; Huccess Magazine is attending to Ipeaker Cannon; Collier's Weekly has forced an investigation of the conduet "of i.,;cretary Ballinger; other maga damea sm several ilanuenU peer are espeeins various pqi. i als ead dimerent phases of earýaptioa. The Appeal to Reason is 4egm8s* lag Judge Pollock and espeols F Iidges Orumoup. As a result of thus eas posures, sad criticism, there tI a growlng demand for clean pu btlo and It is becoming more sad Mere evident to the men who wish to ren for soice, that they cannot soid en posure of their record whether it oea talas the violation of the Natlomal BankIls Law or running away with another man's wife. If they h&ve unu savory records they should burt them selves from the general pubWe with their 'dead past", and not Invite the searchlight of the guardians of the commonweal. Public omcials of all kinds must stand criticism upon their ltaien to hold their positions or receive the snf frages of the electorate and the ooarts t should not be invoked to prevost It. I When courts violate constitutiomal t rights, on behalf of dishonest sad otherwise vicious and immoral men. they too invite criticism and coaem nation and will receive it. This is the .America way and the Federal sad State Constitutions sustain it.-.z. WHAT TO DO. By Robert Hunter. As a matter to tact, the Ueolatist party has made numerous and very clear decilsons as to what to do. It has declared in its constituties that only those who believe in peit ical action shall be eligible for mem ship in the Sociallet party. That means that anarchisLta pare and simple unionists, and pure md simple direct actionlsts have no place In the party. It has also declared that "the Io clalist party does not seek to diotate to organised labor in matters of In ternal organisation and union posiy. It is confident that In the school of experience organised labor will as rapidly as posible develop the meet effective forms of organlsation and methods of action." That means that the Socialist party is a political movement, not the head or the tall of the A. F. of L. or the I. W. W. or any other industrial move ment. It has also declared that "the lo cialist party stands with organised la bor in all its struggles to resist cap Italist oppression or to wrest from the capitalists any improvement in the condition of labor." That means that the party should aid craft unionists and Industrial un lonists, organised workers and unor ganised workers, wherever they are. fightng to Improve their condition. The party has also declared that "the unjust decision of the Supreme court can be reversed, the arbitrary use of the military can be stopped. the wiping out of labor laws can I,. prevented by the united action of the working men on election day.' The party has also pledged itself to fight for a collective ownership of all industries. For the conservation of natural re sources. For the absolute freedom of prs.. and assemblage. For the improvement of the indunI t trial condition of the workers. For the shortened work day. For the securing of a more effeoti\ n Inspection of work shops and factori. a u and for the abolition of child labor. For Inheritance tax-es and Incone taxes. For direct legislation and for ti. h abolition of the power usurped by ti. luperme court to pass upon the con BUTTE SM OKERS ! Patronize Homo Industry by Smoking Fritz Mi Belle the only Union Made Cigars in Butte. Factory, 1130 Missouri Ave. • Butte, Mont. FRED C. KUHN, Prop. stltutieaaw UtS Igimaggs IYA 4 consrem. These sat ' eqll l immedite dIh ie ds e bMe eeaW formualted bI the mSeelt puary. Had the p.uy pelide"e them op portunistle tinkeiag It would Set have declared itelt lr support of tbeM demands. The v mjortvy f othe members 0f the party are elearly of the opiniae that "they mst be opportunists ln o far that they sele upon every small advantage In the Interest of the work ing class. They are revolutionist in so far that they will not rest oontent with any achievement, economic or political, short of the overthrow of capitalist rule and the stablishment .f the co-operative commonwealth." Now these decisons have been made again and again by the oooial 1st party In national convention; have Iwe made again and gain by bSocal its in state conventloas; have bees adopted again sad again by loelalist referendums not only n Amerioca but in every other country. No man known to be opposed to these demands or to these tactics has p been elected to the N. Z. C. for many years, and so It is time to ask why the party delays in taking decided action to fulfill these pledges and to obtain these alms of the party. Nor is this an academic question. We are this day facing a crisls In the labor world. That world is agitated t as never before and demands action. p The metal and coal miners are Join ing hands. The workers of Peaasyl Sania are clamoring for a labor party. , Philadelphli is testing the general strike. The workers everywhere are in revolt. And the Inevitable outcome of all this writhing and turmoil and anguish will be working clam political atine. And it is up to us whether It be So calist political action or non-Soclal ist action. The workers are crylng for relief and they will brook no longer mere re volutleasry romanolng or opportun istic tlnkering.-Dally Socialslt. ola. 'UtLa ljabeses tsk. Madison, Wis.,-The special com mittee apponlted at the last semIon of the legislature of Wisoonsin to con rlder the eubject of lndustrlal Insar rance and report at the next session, announces through its chairman. Sean ator A. W. lanborn of Ashland, that the committee would hold its final hearing In Milwaukee an April 13, when the draft of the report and the bills to be proposed will be made. Captalns of Industry, leaders of labor organisations and representatives of lasurance companles have been Invit ed to attend the hearing. After a thorough study of the Eu ropean system of compensation for landustrial accidents, the Wiscoouln oommittee chose the German scale of oempensation. This gives to the man who loses time through injury receiv ed while at work, 65 percent of his wages. This compensation Is not paid however, except in cases where the victim is disabled for more than two weeks. Subecribe for The Little 1 Socialist Magazine ad teach your children prop. erly from the cradle up. 30 CBNTS A YBAR IS Spruce Street, NEW YORK. -m m----- --r -- -. M ontana News. Got your Printing done on a Working Class Press mIow NMuatum, soua[ AML Wo ANS IIorytwim ir iw. vmooam s or Lamo wew owts nmows TIo swrTam Ts oWnE or 1i inows. AU Kiub d WIbuMebm a Wart .as Magem. News Odes maf aerrhams Theeks oe of ., re erm e s ra., Statmeet, ad em.11. p w e la he Fueting Lbma We make a sp*dW5b t alhn~sm ee s3*I*w hr Uami, ud m ee et 1ak Fin thin 0md latkr ns o pay her-Te. weM 1er w bPai i A r w-*lls...We We r Wat hep en P WighL. A& I inSe b s uMbrsb. wU PAT TID UFrams. ORDER YOUR JOB WORK at the MONTANA NEWS Helen, Box 908 Montana BOOKS TO READ ON SOCIALISM To be Obtained from Montana News Paper. Cassel-r**O= Made uad. Dew no--TM Nato sad eda1Mm; Ge eleasm, Roeveltes set Iateara easte. ursh aen t-e edims. What It II Mara-Value, Prie sal Prest. Mar and C s -T Csm a M Ierl Oth*1 U UOO e. oparmoe--ihn dlo o u; Pape L Twle-The Art of Leoturalg. Upargo-Tihe Coemum Sares of So Val-Modema Soolatlm. Prla-ciles of Se eatle gsoealism. a3 Costa. PITr- Omat B 0oo L4 Cloth. Bo.seohe--Th. volutloan of Maa; LSm. Utopia. sad SPlUatUoh. Perrl-Positive Sohool of Crimiaslegy FMran-Germs of Mdla ia Plsats. Kautaky--thloa sad the Materialist Conmoptlom; The Social Roevel U ties. 'Ifargu.-Teh Right to Be Lea; The Iladustrial Oolutloa. La Moate-4oolalim, Posltive and Negative. Lwl-Uvolutloa, Social sad Orgale; Tea Bald Ladenr of the Dial; Vital Problems I a Social Dwelt ttoLs. *" Liebkaeoht-M- molre of Karl Mars Mar-Vale, Price and Profit. Marx and Bngelo-Tho Communalt Msanlfesto. Don't you want some soolallu en velopes? The Montana News prim them In red Ink-only g6 oents a huna dred. Make Unooe lam distribute your soolalist propaganda. Do you know of any job work, or any printlnr of any kind that you eould Just as well get for a worker's print shop as for a capitalist shop If so sead t In to the Noew 15 Q·CI inau paorr.-'Wh. a" .1 tgb Werui The Morrk ant 3m - SlaIms,. to Growth ent Ourem £ U~l J% l 3mW hk 1111479`sad Eavalumom. Uall" Vital Prebkme is Iso"m Evoiutlon. VEX. .Je.Uy~lo~ m eel Ia imrlal UwItks. Work-WWht... sa What last ow DOU.5 DOO . ~au ~- - k of Idoeflig 11. L..rrI U lal-m sad V.4m gage.... Dltob-Phpagasl De~l. of Mint sad M a ue r.ls 3 . . e i a e g z V ~ r LsOklda -man on Hblrdsb i water Iaom. .shuonllA an PhUS..SPbw. usu.guy+.4l vautlul of Proputy. IAWI.-Th. Rise of tk. Amoslom Frok~tawlO. ti roroa tia__ Moore.-stt World Pilosphy The iR&·pott-Leeklmg Forward. Iwvo- wk. CSme ga uge of Is s olal . Tutggu-'Pk. Changlag Odair. ii Untrme.- ar.ui 3eomgeu I- Vhhl-Prlaolpa.. of Isloat lo S . ONU & ONE-HALF DOLLAR BOO"K 4 Morsa-Auoleat goeleg,. TWO DOLLARU DlOOLV I; Freakle-Tkh Isolarlatlio of Hu -msatlj. Mau--Caattsl, Volume L IL Caltal. Volume IL Captal Volume UL a Ward-The Anoiet Lowly, Vol. L The Amleset L.wv', Vol. EL R.member the '1Uils of Mamma" for 10 subs. Try ths deal and ee it Fou don't yr you are wel paid for your work. eaud the ohamplo of the working olam leaptlg skywald. aad get a book tree that you ean give to beaighted workers sad tash them the horrors produoed by the satemn tey are voting tor. sad the remedy. Order p·e ob Week NOW.