Newspaper Page Text
BMt a me Cas.
The trust sad oerporatises tarnish the campalga fuads with whisk the pre lest Is electd, the presidest ap polat the supreme ourt, san the sa prme court safeguards the trust sad aorporatios. This Is the magic circle of goverameat of the people, by the supreme cort for the trusts and oer poratons The arch enemy of the people Is the supreme court of the United tates. each of Its lnne members Is a skill fully trained sad highly successul corporation attorney and each scour ed his appointment through the luAu ease of corporate wealth. This court of last resort, with powers greater them say court on earth, is the oit del of capltallm, behind which are latreched the powers that rob labor. borrupt poUtics and enslave and de grade the people. The power o fthe supreme court is absolute. From its decieaon there Is no appeal- except rerolutlon. The United Sates is soverned by this court consisting of nalsno solemn-looking oor peratke Judges, who have greater power than nay other court on earth. This court aullAes an act of congress at will and substitutes as arbitrary decision of Its own. which has all the force and blnding dfRet of a statutory enastment. Congres has become a useless appendage; the supreme court is the legstlative as well as the Judie lal power that rules the anto. This court is maintained by the people, but is not elected by the people, nor roe posible to the people. Capitalism in the United ates rules by Judicial despotism baked by the armed force of a standing army. If the capitalist eplolters of labor were translated to the New Jerusalem they would steal the Jasper gate from their hinges and the gol with which the streets are paved. and then debauh heaven's supreme court to okatei a decsion that the command *'thou shalt not steal" Is unouoatit* Utonl. Capitalism Is buttremed by Its courts. beaked by Its steadlng arey. lvery federal judge i appoelted, because of his subserviency to the ruling clam. sad it follows, therefore, that the federal Judiciary is the cap Itallet arseal from which the deadly bludgeons are drawn with which the "property rights" of the ruling class are aftesuarded and the liberties of the people are slain. Capitalism provides by law that people shall not murder, nor steel. nor cheat, nor fight, nor adulterate. etc., etc. But the environment Is such that they keep on doing these thing. Cincinnati, March 28.-J. Bade How the national head of the Brotherhood Welfare assooiaton with headquarters at St. Louls, passed through this city on his way to Philadelphia to sine up the strike situation, and incidentally called a meeting of Cincinnati sympa thisers, which was held in the Semi nar room of the publid library. Mr. How, who has lately returned from Europe, has brought with him the idea of a "right to work league." such as they have in England, and he has just Issued a call for a convention to be held at Philadelphia on Inde pendence day, July 4, for the purpose of starting a national agitation in fa vor of the '.right to work". Mr. How is of the opinion that it is the bounden duty of government to give every citisen the guarantee that he shall be provided with work at all times, and he thinks that state organ isations and agitation should be held In conjuctlon with the unions and the Socialists at dilferent periods to seri ously consider this qgyston. Ie is expected that all the labor and socialist bodles of the nation as well as the President and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor will be asked to attend this July 4th demonstration, where the movemdnt will be launched by How. Autheulsd b~ theo aema l aeuuv Ceommlte-Prewwe by asnd bshe.L WTUDT YCOMaB OW itOarza lasses amnd e clm s oung The Capitalist Clas Now Parasitic. -Like other ruling classes in history, the capitalsnt clamss has performed a useful social function. Like them, It has outlived Its usefulnem. When power-driven machlnery first came Into use, the masses were not yet prepared for organlsed action, were not capable of uniting their small Individual possessions Into large unalts of capital, trainingl specialists to manage them, and working co-oper atively under their guidance. The question was between a continuance of the old individualistei small pro duction and the rise of largg produc tion under the personal control of capitalist proprietors. The latter al ternative prevailed, not because the people preferred it, but because It was the more eAlolent and economio sys tem and better fitted to survive Ia the competitive struggle. In the early stages of capitalism, therefore, the owners of Industrial plants were .o tive superintendents and administra tors of Industry. The success ef any e.pltalist depeadql largely on his knowledge of the industry sad the sagacity sad diligence with which he managed it His eforts were largely directed against the wage workers and other classes of society, but in a larger sense they were also devoted to Increasing the magnitude and emolen oy of production, and thus he per formed a necessary function In the development of society. This condition no' longer prevals. The capitallet clss has become di vided nlato two stonsth great and the small capitalist. Many small ca pitalists stl euperlntend and admin Ister their establishment; but small capital is now InefiMclt and unprog resmve; the eflorts of Its proprietors are spent In a struggle for economie self-preservation and serve no social purpose. Great capital alone now counts In economic progress; and the superintendence and administration of great nladustry has been almost wholly abandoned by the capitalists and Intrusted to salaried employees. Far the greater part of the surplus value produced In capitalist landustry goes to persons who have nothing to do with the management of Industry --goes to the owners as owners, ro gardless of whether they do any pro ductive work or not. The capitalist, as a clas, have thus become unnecessary In the conduct and development of production-have become a parasitic class. Conflict Between Capitalist and Proletarian Interests.-Under these conditions, the economic and social interests of capitalists and of wage workers are fundamentally opposed. The product of any Industry Is the Joint product of all the workers di rectly or indirectly engaged In t, With slight exception, the product is created by workers who do not own and controlled by owners who do not work. As shown before, especially in les sons III and IV, surplus-value is what remains after deducting wages from net product. It follows that, as a rule, capitalists desire to reduce wages and workers to Increase them; cap ltalists desire to lengthen and workers to shorten the labor-day; capitalists desire a higher speed of labor and workers a slower rate. But these are not the only points of opposition. Wage workers deilre safety of life, limb, and health. But these depend upon adequate space, lighting, venti lation, and cleaning in places of work, safeguarding of machinery, and em ployment of skilled and careful work men during moderate hours and at a moderate rate. It is often cheaper for oapitalists to employ children and inexperienced workmen, to work them at exhaustingly high speed for exhaustingly long hours, to dispense with safety appliances, and to crowd machines and workers into small, dir ty, Ill ventilated shops. This keeps dem epases and laereass the IsuraI' lweme at the osat @it t mess elery saed deth to the wess Wase 'workers desire seted S. ploymwat, with regular dlp me weekly periods of rest and eaJoelmet. Capitalists desire to run their eslAb Ilshments full force and overtime S rush seasons and In slack smeasos reduce the forse, run part time, O shut down. Their income is thus m ereased at the expense of alternate overwork and unemployment for the workers. The wage workers desire the rights (and actual enjoyment of the rights) of organisation, asemblage, and dis cuaslon and agitation by speech aa4 print for the advancement of their interests as wage workers. The cap italists, tearlng such collective action. use their economic power (discharge~ blacklist, lockout) and their political influence (antl-labor laws, Injunctions, suits against unions, abuse of pollee and military) to destroy such organ Isatlons and stifle such discussion. Back of all these conflicts over the details of the relations between em ployers and wages workers in the ca pitalist system lies a conflict of ultim ate ideals. The capitalists stand for nladustrial autocracy-for the right and power to control for their own proft the producton carried on by their employees. The wage workers aspire toward industrial democracy toward abolition of capitalist power and profit and establishment of self government industry, collective con trol of production by and for the workers themselves. Out of the conflict over wages hours, speeding, protection for life and limb, child labor, regulation of work, etc., rises the labor unioe move ment, awth the strike, boyoott, label. etc.. as ts weapons. In the conflict for the right to or ganise and agitate for these immedl ate aims, the labor movement is drawn iato the political field because the cap itallts use political power against it The workers are thus led to a clear er reallatlon of their fundamental interests and ultimate ideal, as well as of their potential strenght, and the labor movement tends to become So ciallstlo-1. e., the working clss be comes enlisted, not only in a struggle for partial immediate improvement of its conditions under capitalism, but at the same time in a struggle for col lective ownership and control of the means of production which the work ere already collectively create and op erate and which are necessry for the existence of eivilised soMlety. Minor Class Antagonlsm. - This struggle between the capitalist and wage working classes does not alto gether exclude other olua antagon isms and their expremion Ia econ omic and political class struggles. There are intermittent struggles be ween great and small capitalists, with the farmers sometimes In alliance with the latter-e. g., Populism and Bryanism. There have been sharp conflicts between the financial, com mercial, and Industrial sections of the capitalist class, generally over ques tlons of tariff and finance; but these are being eliminated by the fusion of these groups under the domination of the fnanciers. (fee Lesson X( , The farmers have often atte.mptd resirt ance to great capitalist rula, especial ly on questions affecting transporta tion; they may do so in the future. with an increasing probability of their acting with the wage workers rather than with the small capitalists. In some cases the wage workers have been divided and have carried on in ternine war, especially on the econ omlo field; but this is becoming less frequent and may soon disappear. The growth of the working class In numbers, of the capitallst class in wealth and econom:o power, aisd both In solidarity, tends more and more to make the struggle between these two, the dominant question and to sm.lor dinate all antagonism within these classes or between other olasses. On both the political and the economlc field, the members of all other classes are being compelled to take sides on the labor question, for or against the labor unions, for or against the So cialist Party. SBggesmuos for Diseasion. 1. It is a well known fact that AnY persons who were not wage Workers---proteeonal men and even pitalists In europe and here, and khmer. In this cou.try-have been active. able, and faithful participants In the Socialist movement. How do You explain this fact, In view of the antagonism of clas Interests? Does this fact give reason to cxpect that Uoclallim will cease to be a working glr movement, or that it will tri umph otherwlse than through th. a.ugle between capitalist and work Iag class,.s? If tot, why not? 2. Are. the Interests of capitalists matters of public policy? Or are mattern ,,f common good to society as a whol., upon which the interests of diffrent classes do not conflict? Give e'xamples. 3. We often hear men say: "I am opposed to Socialism because modern aience. teaches us to believe in evolu tion rather than in revolution." What is th" fallacy in this argument? Wiscomnsl Notes. The prima? election held in Mil waukee last week showed a tremend -as gain for the Social-Democratic (Socialist) Party. Two years ago, the primaries gave 4,221 votes to Emil eidelt, the Social-Democratic candi date for mayor. Last week in the primaries Seidel received 9,089 votes. As no very great effort was made to pet the Socialists to vote at the prim arses last week. this gala has a good deal disturbed the republicans sad democrats and encouraged the Social Democrats. The Free Press, repub Mean, comes out with an editorial warning their readers against "the menace of Socialism", the "danger of oe Socialism", sad declaring that theirs "Is the dominant candidate with whom to meet the onslaught of Sociallasm". This shows their genu --e alarm. Their now seems little doubt that the Soeialists will really earry Milwaukee. One of the interesting incidents of the primary election was the total rout of a Democrat who thought it would be a cute trick to steal a nom lnation for supervisor on the Social Democratic ticket In the Eleventh ward, one of our srtongholds, he cut out the name of the Social-Democrat Ic candidate on the campaign cards of our party and put in his own In stead. After spending several hun dred dollars to get the nomination, he was ignominiously defeated at the primary, and the Social-Democrat nominated by a tremendous majority. This shows that the socialists are on the look-out for such old party tricks. and know to meet them. The meanest trick that has been played on the Socialists in this cam paign was the cowardly attack of the Milwaukee Sentinel, on the wife of our majoralty candidate. This paper, In their Sunday edition, came out with a flaring first-page article of slander against her. This action was all the more contemptible as she is a quelt domestic little woman, who never went into politics. Her hus band and she brought suit against the Sentinel for $100,000 damages. These persecutions against odr candl date only arouse the spirit of the So ciallst and react against the capital istic enemy. The noon-day factory meetings con tinues to be Immensely successful. 1,200 men at the Pabst brewery gave the Social-Democratic candidate a rousing reception. 2,000 employees of the harvester works listened most attentively to our speaker, but did not venture to applaud, the bosses Iwbng present and on the watch. Blut be hind the curtain of the voting booth, the bosses cannot watch. More socialist literature is being put out In the present Milwaukee canl paign than ever before. Besides a house-to-house distribution of over 60,000 bulletins every Sunday, it great deal of literature is being distril,uted at the factories. Ralph Korngold is making a bigh ly rsuOeseful tour of Wisconsin. Ev erywhere he has addressed good and enthusaastlo audiences. lie will con tinue his services till the middle of April. It You are a true soclalslt you will knLw that It Is your duty to help strtUgohea a worklrag l ea prom. You w get two subs to-day it you try. The Mills of Mammon Red Light District of Chicago Exposed Createst American Novel from a Socialist Pen THRILLING AND REALISTIC By James H. Brower, Popular Chicago Orator. Takes the Lid off Politic- Graft, White Slave Tramc, Crimes of Rich Men's Sons. Stealing Inv ntlons. and the Horrors that Capitalistic Production inflicts upon the Workers THIS IS WHAT WILL GET YOIUR NEIGHBOR POR SOCIALISM. The Second Edition war commenced on the 20th day after It came out Price One Dolla.r FOR SALE BY THE Montana News, Helena, Montana. POCKET UBRARY of SOIALUSM I. se 64O.set M . u.se e4m.M. e "V . dt a Jo. (a.dt Amer e o.4.. 4N T bA .. md Te oe t. n `.u: . ""em`.. S i. U .I.1sealms, nAs m a. S1 r. . M Ireu.hesle r.e i .e . A. I mews. P. W as w . .l. A. Na Ilms I. A TT .= a e eam s. . Pete L hr .d r. . a lash. rmd t4. . rat "a.s. i. . . T eis M4 snd 1me sm. U. UL . W45 . ,. l n e b * . Mu. . ,.L , essel, o ej4em S o . . S iew e . - 4 et 54. esU..ingU ch a ie . M aud O o5u mesd la. Dey e, e limes. MS. i m Wr , tart. IW LLn. 4M. IdItnrst UsesIem., William ? Tem.a. It. ý 4t. .U1 r C Bk· en. ll. A 36W.. jim. Cb..Im 3.01. Yl b.Ut. i e . ..t m 43r . A.. 4..t...U s a dee oem l .hhles. C. a fe.4 SIht. s.m L Thetes sgr. 4 0. a. r Mboser l 1a awl Upes. C ive . I. Wbr w d .L TA . U.M ma... b LNmb .00 U4. ld.. . r. IL 9t4 e w flw L gole1, . L efMtB 8 Wems u.l .s ..Upm . Ma weldea. IL YI. .1 bsi . 6U. I MysN 43 Sees. sa K36.. 3m. Ja .34... A. Asbed t esa V, .en 4.. .: & . ' .e: w ir.mi Psdeme A. A. U. ru m.L A4 ad s .e w seIm, dL.e ase M. n Vetal WAs w. Pus.l Tol, l wu.m aM.fr'. . she BAlm . I moT s ..a.. 0mI. u1a Mw1 , r. A J. I ltr 1 elme I. m1l h m4* P WS.. ha . A.e II L a. . .. l hes em S. Sbas. 1e em t ls, rui L.Wr. hmI te UAi n W. e i . l m . Pmes 3. . I9 trq and Su m.. 1 J. L.L Ramk . . 3. Um Le 36 m Re d We.a. U . Mm... 84. tadesL 4a Pr 1Y. 6amm. N. nueu smm *t V. TuI.e N. = 406 . TM · S.uy ·u ··r lkee bum.. N. WcS. bod wl..5.. . (.5mB. bi.. " es beamd 6m - Bam. e s eýLais. .. M . w . igs s hoP Nb e ee. 6.4l06 . WIpe.. N. isui esi iSl.l . w. Ub dd 33.YI . 5. SbpaW I.* s.ý l - Ije. 3s.8... SA ea ues. a Bsord asear. r, t m e m es. SpO.g Order From The Montana News. A Union Man at because they ARE THE PROGRESSIVE WOMAN The only Pwlodikal in Aineks' devotled exhlulvely to developing the Spirit if Revolutonaray Thoughbt. AMONG WOMEN ('lran, Stog and daolnrly. Josephilne Conger-Kaneko, Editor. Every Loal ruld aslmeb for a Dosen to Distribute among the Wlvem of it Members. PNubSdat £no Xarm ine. ONE DOLLAR A TEAR