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Montana news. [volume] (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, October 13, 1910, Image 1

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The Only Workingman's Paper in Montana
The Old Order Changes. Graft and
Waste Giving Way Before Active
Socialist Measures. Keep your
Eye on Milwaukee
The Milwaukee Socialists have be
gun their Congressional campaign with
a whooping success ! They have tri
umphantly invaded Waukesha, that
rocked-ribbed republican stronghold
which is united with a part of Mil
waukee in one Congressional district.
But for this handicap on Milwaukee,
we should have sent a Socialist to
Congres years ago. This is the dis
trlct in which Victor 1. Berger is now
candidate for Congress. Of course.
the first necessary step for the Mil
waukee Socialists, was in some way to
break Into Waukesha County.
Mayor Seldel was assigned to this
difficult task. And royally he per
formed It He fired the first gun, or
In other words, delivered the opening
speech of the campaign. In Waukesha
City Park. A great republican rally
had been advertised with big posters
for the same evening. But as only
eight persons came to the republican
"mass meeting", the republican orator
announced that It was "postponed'.
Meanwhile, the crowd had all gone
to the park to htar .cidel. One thou
sand persons stood all through his
speech and listened most attentively.
.Mayor S.lhdel was at his best, his voice
was in fine trim, his arguments frank.
simple, and admirably adapted to his
audience. lie spoke on the fake liss a
of the ,'reform" republicans and ex
posed them clearly, impressively, and
without the slightest bitterness. His
evident sincerity made a deep imprea
" di tia eg e S It in ams tto
say that very many of them have now
voted the republican ticket for the
last time.
This Initial victory has greatly en
couraged the 'Waukcsha Socialists and
correiplondingly dishenartned the
One, of the most interesting pro
jects now actually being worked out
by th., Mlilwauk, e oclullst administ
ration is the purchase of a municipal
stone quary. The citry has a chance
to buy a fine quarry of limestun.. on
the shore of the ljk. If this purchase
I mndte most of the tone'l used In thb
public works of thet city can be ta(kefn
Ir.in this quarry. This will be a nuc
leus. in fact, for a municipal wvorks
As the tilwaukee charter, amid all
its prohibitations and lbstacles., does
allow the city to buy and sell land,
there is no legal obstacle to this pur
chase. It is therefore likely that stone
quarrying will be the first real munl
cipal industry inaugurated by the Soc
ialist administration.
This quarry contains enough stone
to furnish the city for generations.
The stone can be crushed an ddellver
ed on board a boat at a cost of 30
cents per cubic yard. If transportedl
in the city scow, transportation will
cost 5 cents per yard, and the unload-,
Ing will cost 3 cents more. As Mil- I
waukee is now paying $1.25 to $1.40',
per cubic yard for crushed stone, it
will readily be seen what will be the
saving to the city. If, moreover, the
city should use its own tug and its owls
machinery for unloading, there would
be an additional saoing of six cents
per cubic yard.
As the Socialists are planning many
and extensive public works, this sav
ing in building material is a most im
portant matter, apalrt from the splen-I
(lid example it will afford of municipal
industry and Socialist efflciency.
And speaking of Soclalst efficiency,
here is another example. The MII.
waukee administration, not finding a
Socialist at home who was an expert
on street paving, Imported one from
New York City. The administration
felt that for this important part of
Its work a Socialist was almost India.
pensable. Of cource, quite a howl
was raised by the non-Socialists about
carpet-baggers and outsiders bros..nt
In'to govern the city. But before this
young Socialist had fairly taken off
his cost and gotten to work, he savy d
thecity the amount of his salary for
seveq or eight yeara He exposed a
deal which was on foot to make about
200 per C--* profit out of the city by
a firm selling "bithllthic" pavement.
This firm asked an exorbitant pric.
for this pavement, and if the graft
had not been discovered, the city
would have been out more than $25.
000. So mucm for having a Socialit
on the Job!
But it must always be remembered
that the Soclalist's motive in saving
public money is diametrically opposite
to the bourgeois idea of public econ
omy. The bourgeois wants municipal
graft stopped in order to reduce taxes
The Socialist administration is not
worrying about txes. It aims at
economy in order to have the means
for great and beneficent public enter
prlses. And although the Milwaukee
city treasury was left in an almost
bankrupt condition by the former ad
ministration. It does appear that the
Socialist administration will have the
means for some of these enterprises in
the near future.
E:ven now, the Socialist member et
the Council committee on Plata and
the committee on streets and the Park
Commission are working out the plan
for re-platting the city, for the pur
pose of establishing the zone system.
This system will exclude from the re
sidential districts the factories and
railroads which now make most dis
tricts of the working clas homes un
sanitary-, unsafe, and noisy. The
plan is also to solve the housing quest
ion by building and renting model
workliamen's homes.
Wise O psjwlets take time for
their proper working out and accom
plishment, there are many improve
ments which the Socialists are now
making for the benefit of the working
people. For Instance, the alleys in
the slum districts are being carefully
ch ared, and rendered more sanitary
than under any previous administrat
1 hile the Socialists deplore the fact
that under capitalism jails and prisons
are Ftill necessary. they should at Iast
te constructed on as humane lines as
jpossible. The MiAlwaukee Socialists
are fullowing this principle in the
Sr.ection of the. new C('ntral Polic,
Stati.n. According to an expert in
such matters in fact, the professor o,
$.'cltog. in lt, t'niversity of ('hit it,. '
this building, when finished, will be
the best city prison in America, from
the standl.oint of sanitation and com
fort, and as to light. and the size of
the cells, th.e windows and the corritl
ors. The committee to whom the
plans were submitted, insisted that the
•-ells must r. ceive direct sunlight, for
the health and comfoit -f the inmates,
and In fn.t they demanded all the Int
proved humane, and up-to-date ar*
rangements for prisoners.
These are some of the things which
the Mlilwaukee Socialists are now d- "
Ing and planning. For big things ,
good deal of time must first be spent In
study. thought, and earnest work to
bring the details ofeach project Into
proper form. .nd this work Is what
the Milwaukee Bocialists have been
a-d are still doing. But already
they are taking the initial steps to
wards many of these measures, and
the near future will begin to show
some fruits.
John I. Beggs, the Milwaukee street
car Czar and chief enemy of the Soc
ialists, recently paid us a compliment.
All former administrations of Milwau
kee. said he, have planned for two
years only. Each administration has
not thought beyond the term of Its
own existence. But the Socialists.
says Mr. Beggs, should be credited at
least with one thing -with making
qlans for the future.
We were not prepared for any
praise from this quarter. "Sweet".
says Heine, "is praise from the enemy"
But whether it is sweet or not (and in
fact we Socialists have learned not to
pay much attention to what Is stid
about us ) It certainly is true. '" a
Socialist plans are laid for the future
of the race.
Mayetor Seldel of Milwaukee has Is
sued a remarkable proclamation. In
proclaiming .'Milwaukee Day" at the
Wisconsin State Fair. as Is the aMnual
custom of the Mayors of Milwaukee,
he recommends all citizens to make
the day asuccess, all employers to
give their employee an opportunity to
attend the fair and the school author
ities to grant the children a holiday.
Then comes the unique part of the
proclamation. The Mayor continues
as follows
"As we pass the exhibits one by one,
let the workers unite In a realization
that their long and sacrificial hours
have made these products by toll and
by co-operation with the forces of
nature. Let the legislature, the eve
cutive and the judge ask themselves,
'Are we in our acts of legisation, ad
ministration and Interpretation doing
all that is within our powers to ex
tend justice to the men, women and
children whose labor. vitality, skill
health, whose vetry lifes have been
given to create the wealth display.d
here ?'
"Let patriots remember that attemps
of organised labor to elevate the
standard of American citizenship
should receive the heartiest co-opera
tion on the part of the authorities un
der whose auspices these exhibits are
prepared. The cause of better social
service and better citisenship will ini
this way be conserved."
This is certainly the first time that
an American Mayor has ever eeized
the occasion of a state fair to read the
public a lesson on its duties to the
working class.
Milwaukee has now taken the first
real step towards the establishment of
(fry Pan-Amedcan Prem)
lamuel Gompers sad the oicers of
the American rederatioa of labor are
charged in the current Issue of the
American Industries with furnlahig
the "murderous inspiration" which
caused the destruction of the Loa
ALgeiss Times ease.
In an editorial paragraph which
leaves no question as to the nature of
the accusation. American Industries
"The actual deed I. the least Im
portant. Of greater moment is the
punishment of those whose leadership
furnished the murderous Inspiration,
whose atltude toward the law of the
land set the example of unbridlied and
ferocious hatred, whose public ha
rangues and private councils, and
whose printed words emboldened the
wretches to send to their deaths a
score of their fellow men. This is not
the first Instance of assassination in
cited in inflammatory teachings. It
Is not the first time In our history
who n Incendiary words brought delib
erate murder In that fact is this
,Los Angles disaster similar to that
other national crime which lost to us
a good man and a great president.
Evidence at Any Cast
Labor leaders in Washington. while
freely denouncing the outrageous
TIhe Krueger and Dolmnann C'on
puny of Milwaukee, for a long
time a non-union firm, has aillde
terms with the union printers, and
henceforth it is to be a union firn.
It has accepted the terms miposed i.y
the various unions belonging to the
Allied Printing Trades Council.
It came about in this way; The city
of Milwaukee is in the control of a
Locialist administration. That means
that it is under a working class con
trol. The locialist officials insist on
the union label being on every piece
of printing that Is done for the city.
As a consequence, a firm that
doesn't have the label, doesn't get the
work. But as the city has thousands
of dollars worth to be done. Messrs.
Kruegrer and Dolmann very soon de
cided it was better to come in out of
the wet. It doen't pay to run a
non-union printlng shop in Milwaukee.
This is not the only effect that the
Socialist administration has had to the
advantage of the union printers.
A three years contract has just been
closed under which the job printers
fLet an increase of $2.00 per week for
the tree-years period. The afternoon
newspapers have just signed a con
tract with the unions for a raise on
their wages from $20 to $22 per wetek
for the three years period. These two
increases. re on the graduated scale.
t 'Zone System" proposed by the
i/sallst administration.
The idea of the Zone Bystem is to
pperate the factories with their smok.
4ist, fumes and noise, from the hoamrn.
dItrict of the working men. It Is In
tSaded in the future the factories will
be In factory districts, and dwellings
tg the dwelling home dlstriot'. To
protect the latter from the unsaultary
atlosphere and the unsightly prospect I
ef the factories, the two districts will
be s. 1, ratted by strips of parks
Milwaukee made a beginntng la.t
Tuesday towards carrying o it thlk
plan. The county purchaaed f,,rty
acres of land on the west. rn .(g.'. of
the city.
Thls land consists of three parts
which wil serve for the three puirposes
of the Zone System. It comprwp, s a
high wooded bluff, admirably adnltt. d
for a residence district. Anoth. r por
tion contains the flat land alng the
Menominee River -Just th. pIla.,, for
factory sites. Between th.se two di\'
is ons i an exquisitely beautiful little
weeood. a little remant of the old prime
val forest, which once surrounded Mil
waukee, and still Inhabited by lovely
wild flowers, ferns, and flying s.luir
ren. This, it is proposed. will be left
for a natural park, to serve as a screen
between the homes and th." factories.
Of course, this purchase is only the
Liitial step. But much will follow
from this beginning - Including, we
hope, model homes for the working
men, owned and leased by th. city.
Thus the "dreams" of th.. s,.cializts
t'Il.qnue.d on l'ag.
eharges In American Industries, are
teth to betlve that an actual attempt
to .Orchardis" the American Federa
11g of Iabor ocseera is being plotted.
Al" yet they aekkmwledge that the
e1rmLtis rewards efered by the
Me.ebeaets ad Mamatheturers as.o
elCIon of Los Ang.ee has Incited de
tective agencies to get evidence at any
cost and started a man-hunt over the
Urnited States that may end anywhere.
A this time of writing, says Amer
Ican Industries, "there Is full evidence
that the wrecking of the Times build
ing by a powerful explosive, and the
attompted wrecking of General Harrl
.on Gray Otis' ~sildence, and thqe real
dence of F. J. Zeehandlar,. secr,.tar.
of the eMrchnnts and Manufacturers'
aosociation of Le Angeles, w,ere part
and parcel of a diabolical plot con
.oclted betcause the score of 'ictims
had committed the crime of working
Ifr their families and for themselves.
in deflance of union rules
That American Industries does not
conflne itself to mere abstract atcu
satlons but attempts to offer evindence
as to the" direct connection between
the American Federation of labor is
shown in its printing. \erbatism. reso
lutions passed at the Norfolk convot
tion which provided, asserts American
Industries. "a war fund for use in at
tacking the Los Angeles Times.
The morning nqewspaper ht, nimale
.an imme-dedlate rais, of $ 1 410 ier
week, from $24 to $25.
The officials of the printers ,organil
t:ttionlU who conducted the eoInfIer
* nces relative to these increate. . re
mark that In all of these conference
it was the fact that the labtoring ad
ministration was in control of th,
city that seemed to be the deciding
And it is not i,,ly the printers that
have reason to rejoice because of the
Sotialist victory In Milwaukee. With
in ten days ,of the time that Mayor
S.idel and his comrades were elected
to oSice. the following things oc
The Brand Stove Works settled .I
strike with its employes to the advan
taIe of the men.
The contractors of the big Auditor
ium eane to terms with the unions
and the building was made "Fair."
The street car company voluntarily
raised the wages of its men frim $3 00
to 50.00 per month and alrowed a
$10.00 iaorease to apprentices.
The International Harvester Trust,
which has a very large plant In MII
waukee, announced that hereafter it
would compensate all workingmen for
injuries received in their employ.
These are a few of the direct and
Indireet resltau of the ociallistic ad
ministratio n in Milwaukee during the
How Wizard of America Stands To
wards Socialists of Milwaukee. Sci
entific Rebuilding of Cities by
Walter Thomas Mills
For some years I have contended
that Thomas A. Edison and Luther
Burblank ar. thel two greatest mi.n
of tnis genvtration.
Discovery and invention have been
the principal means of human pro
gress Sometim.e the world's history
is to b.e told with this fact in view.
Thin the historical accidents will
disappear and the creators of new
eras will comn. to the fort.. \W1hen
this bhall happen, it will be seen how
lHi.alsmodic and a r. gular ha,, b ie
the mo\ m. nts in all lines of humian
At best discovery and n\vention are
a continuous part of the world's st
rious business. Among those in the
study of living forces. Burbank has
no equal. Among those in the studs
of mechanical powers Edisons iQ
easily the master mind of all.
These two have equipped for the
work with great care-great " xl., n0.
and are giving their best and r i.pe.t
y- ars to ti,. co.mnllnmn gooid.
When Hurlank had so improv\ d
lthe cactus ti,dt its ifood lal , ,
no longer in question a sy ndii'.l tIn. 1
to buy and monopinialze the plant
Burbank replied that thre was niit
money e.nough to make the purchase.
lie was not tr long to make money
but to make an end of hungier.
When Edison had worked out lti
plan for cement structures to I,.
cheaply made, again a syndicate
tried to purchase and monopolise thi
Mr. tdhlon replied that he was not
making this invention in order to
make money but with the hope of
placing clean, modern, sanitary and
beautiful homes within the reach of
I have not cared to put ms. Ilf in
the way of 'the gnIat or tlih n,. ar
tr.at." I was rev .r pr.s. nt at an
inauguration "if i ni.ew pIr id, llt in
Ant- rica. The chlii of ecuar, s in suih
.en .ntoni,. > 1", - " ilt gi t r- -t ., ýl1 ",
timn s I lh..% p. l.led a bIllt k .aw1,.
Irolnt thell" previ lit t tr.iln wi'tholt tak
ing thi' tril.uil,. to walk the bloitk t
t. . th, nlat lii.,ling to 1o the, thingl
a hich oluglt not i I,. dol.l I nt,,
I -,% -In turnel nl% I.tc. .w ali ti, it tih
pr slildnt iwas goinlg by I 'a a- tInl.
comfortablh ltooling it-, other w..l
Htec, ntly I fnt, t Georg, \\ stini
house oln ia puIli .street .% ntutlt:il
Iriend had suggest, i a IIimee'ting but 1
hadI no .rranl ' anI al detlll no Il ia'll
but I stood folr i somenitime alt, r li,
had paissed. watching his faltering
steps. He had ,been a greattt ilganizeir
ill other men Is ideas ihe had abi
sorbel,d the fruits lf1 the aictltlles of
many brains. It. had ruthl.ssly de.alt
with Inv. ntors .i.f ml.y citluillntanet,'.
He had built up . norntous bullinessi
enterprises. lie wal just thin homnl
from New York hll.r. thie mastery
of the business his tmilnd had built
had been taken awtay- friomn him 'by
the speculators who had shared the
fruits of his labors but were at last
convinced there twould be more in the
lusine's for the shaureholdlrs if there
were Tlss In the blusiness f Westing
Il' too wass an inventor. To the
end he had been a money maker. He
was used by the money makers w hile
they could use him and had been
dunmped liy the nmon-y makers Just
as he had dumped so many workers
when keeping them longer would not
Not s. with Edison. lie had been
the master among inventors but his
greatest interest in what he believes
will bie his greatest invention is In
its ser ice to the common good.
I had often wished I might see the
face hear the voilce and feel thi. pres
sure of the personality of both Luther
Burbank and Thomas A. Edison.
Ilecvntly I was made a special com
missioner for the city of Milwaukee.
Our city had purchased four thous
aind acres of land-expects to pur
chaset more. It is planning working
imens' Ilhomes oin a large scale and un
der uoire rational and practicable
iplans tItan have ever before been un
dertikin The land wll be laid out
with ldle boulevards-wlth grass and
tres, anId flowera and fountains or
water everywhere. Th hour. ,,
be real houses and th, v ar t,.
pro\lded to th.- .ork .r .at h,
of production and that hin t h, ,.- -
duction shall I"." larc, .,;. I,I . .
lion as w~ll
it *t., lnt d I in, that .MI\h
and l edaisoun ,l , r i. t.,. ill, i r
Jersey-found mly ay h, to cr.
tnianufatturine phnit I all
laboratory antid st lit an it: <, ri
V.ry rsoon I was t*,Il that Mr t
- 11 Mou ld t*, r11." and I ., ,
itn a larp, ruom with a ,. - ,t :
'.hiline.a 1 ,,Ilony all th." n ,ay ar .lul,l
end half s\ay up and cas,"s f, r ritn, 1t.
shtlltesa f,,r btooks and k**p.1ek .. ,,l
suggt tolntls '. .ryA h.rt--at ,. -
nlt P l, - 1 . : e - rkin . t. 1.
in it., lit, r of it all tail l h
\as l.kiini I,-r lit, .StULL i,
reach. ,oth 11ayi t., , i I * l I .1
working disks .nd lhe i as r
In his twork
As I a;lppriat h d him It . . ; r,
look d il, i d -l id 31 , ar.
[failing Ill 1 , i ill II, , d to -i,
*. r . lilsti( i,? .\nd til at h
11r \11 <si . 1 ". " ,u r. y " , ,
man. '
I touchl-d th prop, r slt- , n .
\tolcal organils . IIn.e l , " , i I . I"
" ith the r.*ilt
I an h, .u you pe.rf.., i . -
r. n. a lrig hIt ass.* rtion tih.-it I V as a u
Scotchnialn-after I had said I was a:
Yankee. lItut I have been horn nint
times over In the l'nitedl States,. I
said. "'Itocsn t matt. r. th, t. nthli ii
backiaard nas in Scoutland.
No, my ancestors wcri, Ii tl-i I1:1.
land. '.That's probably trel. All ti.t
)tillls family art the( sam. i;ntll .tnl
th" .ll cam.' from Fc.tlirial I,, t,.r
ih. * . r .:lint. from an y. wh- r" . I-
AtildtiItln that I ,utld nloi t ,jii.l-r,
IlIs ,tat. ntl , lit I stat, l th, n1 l.l , *
, t 1 . , : ., 14 w ith ,, at I ,t.;lr I t
until I had-, rIld my ator of tur ,
plans Thi n I -lld. I am ht r. tl
S T ll.\ ,, Iu ,.n a -out thill. pr ; .
.tur pi ln- lr ,l nt- lit hou e. u,"
it be to n, l that oui r I it' \ t-ul Ii.
lIat \\tith .,,t - .,. a dti i - i iu, i
I le. In ta "n t ~lt- e t , t Intl L
m.- alr tnit altio tI n ,, .iitu .
sa l . . l , tl It . . turnl' I l t, I n. ..
i., It \ale ill it li . 1 tii. - t.I . I th II. ,t
ulltd. all high, Initt, h ,.tintihful Itt,.
port in d enid.l or , lthll rx't Trll, r,.,,
of r. tI till., ht t i, lIn*nt w,, l'k liii I i~!
ingtrr ourationtiik.It all eho.-pl t" -
the mitn i . rkin flos.n cia) las and ro-
in JOlrt ill.Ht lri,' ml.d' pintp. pl.of , t
kind, elff"l) cet Ito oletId ron ldit ..
mod,.rn comlf rts ,,flll ,ont. ii ., r ,t.
a working nail,' h. l.
Ill. show, d lIlt- samnpleh of t" h, tlt,
1sita, it lnl . thoy ine th e cmp rnlell c.
lall ,raention to the h.extensl. ;rni
work in design for both extIn rdior ait
interior decoration. He shuwed n:.
the me.n Vorking in clay a hit,", t,
signs are afterwards made into plant r
and linall> cast Into solid iron Dow,.
Hay-s, ceilings, windows, the cornwt*...
mnentatlon Would be In order- non.e
ar, bL Ing neglect, d.
When it Is r. n.nil. red that th,
iltn stll enganKged on this wiork hadli
bee.n two yealrs buitll produtcing Ith.
di.eigns. it can be uindl'rstuod hiow\
tnrietd are the-se models.
Hle showed nme her,- the , astl.tI
Into iron was taking pliat- itnd tlinlll,
on a great machiln, of his own iInven
lion, the cast Irotn forms are so car, -
fully milled that the parts art- nia.
to fit together with such atccurait) that
not a cross line ail bI.e \isilhh in kth.
finished work.
lie showed met the half tlnlish d
structure rlsIng as rapidly as tihi
forms are ready.
iHe explained htow the cement would
be machinte nllxed,, machine carried to)
the molds, how coimpletely the cement
was protected from bubbles, and final
ly how It lr,-s'*'e of uset the fierni
w5ould not bt cmpletettly unbolted in
(Continiued on Page 4.

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