Newspaper Page Text
(By National Soclalist Press,)
Washington, May 13-The following
list of towns, cities and states that
have elected Socialist officials has
compiled by W. J. Ghent, parl.y from
press reports and partly from private
Informatlon. It does not pretend to
be strictly accurate. Socialists who
are aware of any ommisslons or in
accuracies In the list are urged to
write at once to W. J. Ghent, 243
House Office Building, Washingto'i,
The list as compiled shows 1 mem
ber of Congress, 17 members of leg
Islatures, 30 mayors or village heals
and 225 other officials.
Berkeley-Mayor, 2 aldermen, 1 mem
ber of board of education.
Nelderland-Mayor, 3 town officials.
Rancho-1 school trustee.
San Bernardino-Mayor (election con
tested), I alderman.
Sausaallto- 1 school truste.
Cold Creek-3 trustees.
Victor-Mayor, 4 city officials.
Coeur d' Alene-Mayor, clerk and opl
ice judge, treasurer and 4 aldermen.
Pocatello- 2 aldermen.
Davis-.-Mayor, 2 trustees.
Granite City-Mayor, 2 aldermen.
La Salle-I alderman.
Marysville-Clerk, 1 trustep.
O'Fallon-Mayor, marshal, superin
tendent streets, 2 aldermen.
Rockford-Park commissioner, 2 ald
Spaldlng--Clerk, 6 trustees.
Colfax-1 member school board, 1 aid
Colfax-1 member school board. 1
Arma-)Iayor, police judge, 4 alder
Fort Scott-City attorney, 3 aldermen.
Osage City-2 aldermen.
1 member of the Legislature.
Mechanics Falls-1 alderman.
Boyne City-1 supervisor, 1 alderman.
Flint-Mayor. 3 school trustees, 3 aid
Greenville-Mayor, treasurer, 2 sup
ervlsors, 2 constables, 2 aldermen
Jackson-Mayor, 4 town officials.
Bouth Frankfort-Village j.esident,
assessor, clerk, 2 school trustees.
Wilson-Mayor, 4 town officials.
Ten Strike-Mayor, 3 town officials.
Two Harbors-Mayor, 3 aldermen.
Cardwell- Mayor, marshal, B school
trustees, 2 aldermen.
Glbson-Mayor, 2 school directors.
Minden-Mayor, marshal police judge,
collector, 3 members board of educa
Mountain Grove-1 alderman.
Westport-1 member of school baord.
Butte-Mayor, treasurer, police judge,
Broken Bow-1 alderman.
North Platte-Police judge, 2 alder
Wymore-Clerk, treasurer, 2 alder
North Haledon-4 members school
I member of legislature.
Devil's Lake-3 aldermen.
Coalgate-Assessor, 2 school direct
ors, 2 aldermen.
Harrah-Marshall, police judge.
Mc Alester-2 aldermen.
I member of the Lesglalture .
Howard- I alderman.
Edmonds-Mayor,c Jerk, treasurer.
I member Congress.
12 Members of lower house and 3
Senators In Legislature.
Brantwood-Town chairman, 3 town
Grand Rapids-I alderman.
Green Bay-Town chairman.
Mellon-AsseeSor, controller. 1 aid
Milwaukee-Mayor, clerk, treasurer,
attorney, controller. 2 Judges, 11 sup
ervisors. 21 aldermen. County officials
Ials, Sheriff, clerk, treasurer, attorney,
Racine-PolicC Judge, 5 school super
visors, 1 alderman.
Sheboygan-1 school supervisor,
Superior-1 supervisor, 2 aldermen.
Whltewater-Police judge, 3 Consta
bles, 1 alderman.
BOILER INSPECTION LAW A FAKE
The much advertised boiler Inspect
ion law. It is now learned, has been
put In the handg of the railroad cor
poratlons for enforcement. It seems
that the Taft adminiRtratlon had a
railroad attorney prepare the list of
requirements for inspectors as they
bar from employment any man who
is not at present an understrapper
of the railroads.
One of the qualifications is that
the applicant must have been in the
two years next preceding the date of
application." Another is that he must
be "0f good speech and manner,
qualifled to address and confer with
railroad officlals as occassion may re
These restrictions have been put
in the application papers for the ob
.lnous purpose Of keeping out of em
ploymeat men who are on the rajl
roads' blachllst but who would enforce
The Boiler Inspecion law in Inself
is very poor. It provides for the em
ployment of only fifty inspectors
when It requires at least 300 to do
the work properly. But what will
this law amount to when the rail
road companies practically choose the
inspectors? And yet this law, if
properly worded and end enforced,
would prevent hundreds of deaths
and he housands of injuries annually.
This Is the way the capitaist Con
gress protects labor.
CHAMPION POSTAL CLERKB'
Secretary Morrison of the American
Federation of labor has appeared be
,'ommlttee on Reform
in the Civil Service In advocacy of
the Lloyd bill giving Government
clerks the right to organise.
IHe told of the wrongs inflicted on
the postal clerks and how they are
bound and gagged by an Executive
order. He told of their efforts to
organile and produced evidence show
ing that the department has been die.
mining and demoting men for join
ing the new union.
Second Assistant Postmaster Gener
al Stewart admitted before the com
mittee that the deparment is guilty
of the charges made by Morrison.
He claimed that a union in the postal
service is "intolerable."
Other friends of the postal clerks
are expected to testify efore the com
mittee Among them .: e Ilelprcpent
atlves Bet,rer of Wslcons:n and Wil
son of Ivtnnrylvania and B ithann.
of 1:llnois President Nel.s* oT the
Postedl ists union will al.io a leI-.s'
BERGER'S CHARGE Ph.Va7D
The United States Senate ins tlly
proving Representative Berger's
charge that it has become an "ob
structive and useless body." Since
convening on Aprfl4, the Senate has
been in session all told sixteen hours
and wenty minutes. And now they
have decided to convene at 2 p. m.
Instead of at noon. If Berger could
have his way the Senate would not
be troubled to meet at all.
NOTICE TO FARMERS
All casses of labor as well a bus
Luss and commercal Imuatutoms re
ostanised into asmoiatioe to advance
thia welfare.. .The larmers are he
el.m that Is not organised for mutual
protection. Even the beasts of the
mild as well as the buman that preps
on the armer Is orgmalsed self preteo6t
tieo. It Is time that the farmer were
organised into milous to semcue the
beneoita and protection that ca anly
be got by loers of numbers.
Organise a farnmes ualon in yeta
dls~trL Frther partculars ca be
had by smdlna a heter of aIqngl bM
Vnilom Famer. Boas e alesa
(Continued from Pageo .)
ments have, by their conastitm.es,
decreed that legislatlve, executlvd and
Judicla functions should be kept asp
Every corporation, conducted for
private gain. retains in aboard of di
rectors supervisory and legitative
control over its executive depart
ments. Every trades union or fra
ternal society, conducted for benevo
lent purposes, while conferring ad
minIstrative powers to a few of its
members, retains for the entir mem
bership the power to direct its pol
Neither the capitalist class nor the
working class, conducting their afatsir
under conditions where their Lterests
are identical, have deemed it wise to
lodge both legislative and exeetilve
functions in the same body of men.
Ceralnly. in selecing officials for a
clyt, where the Interests of these ele
mernts in society conflict, It is legs wise
to do so. regardless of which faction
may secure the powers of govern
Individuals who have devoted their
lives to study and pratice of land
ecape architecture, civil engineerlng,
sanitary conditions for cities and ex
pert accounting, etc., usually are not
good legislators. By training they
are particularly fitted to make sug
gestions relative to their own line of
work, but especially unfitted to legis
late for any department beside their
As a matter of fact, however, the
the experts which It has been codtead
ed the commission form would at
tract to Its departmental posltions,
have failed to either seek or secure
the offices. These are held na the
majority of cases by old political war
ELQRTION AT LARGE.
Another characteristic feature of
the commislson form of government is
the elimination of ward representation
all of the commissioners being elteted
To the extent that our national apd
state governments are composed of
representives form all parts of the
state and nation, giving to these bod
ies a knowledge andl nsight into the
ceonditions and desires of the people
everywhere within their respective
Jurisdictions. is it desirable that a
city'e representatilon should also be
composed of representatives from the
various parts of the city.
The remedy for existing evils-die.
honest and corrupt officials--is not
to reduce the number of officials nec
essary to corrupt. It is to enlarge
such number and bring tehm clos-r
the people, as well as to remove the
source of corruption, namely private
ownership of public utilities.
The comforts and conveniences in
cldent to city life-transportation
facilities, lighting, sanitation, police
and fire protection, street sweeping
and sprinkling--should be extended
to all parts of the city In as nearly
equal proportions as possible. Ward
representation for legislative purpose
is better assurance that this will be
done. Under the exclusive election
at large system the business and hon
ton sections are reasonably assured
that they wil receive an undue pro
portion of such benefits.
Government by commission, in varl.
ous degrees, also alms to be non-part.
san. By removing the labels and ar
ranging all candidates alphabetically
or by lot, Republican and Democratio
slnners are presumed to become non
The public service corporations take
an average of ten dollars per capita
annuallly as profits on public service.
To continue this plundering of the
people they need franchises. They
aim to evade all of the provisions In
the franchise they now have that are
in any way favorable to the people.
It is to their Interest to have officals
that wink the other eye. They are
The gamblers and the vice-nier.
chants, likewise, are non-partlsann.
Their business is to plunder the e'opl,l
of both money and morals by Illegal
traffics. They want officials who ' ll
fall to enforce the. laws for decency
and moraity. It is to their Inter,-,t,
as it is to the Interest of the publllic
service corporations, to get candidaltes
in the field whom they can use. ('en
sequently these two elements In nc.
lety pool their Issues. The alllilnre
thus formed is a natural one.
By the partisan method of nomnn
ating candidates for public poalitons,
either by prianry or eatwngon, the
corporations an the reekhe are net
always ammed of gettag candidates
of their cheLke In the race. By the
non-parisa seheme there absolute.
ly no doubt about it. They select
their own e.anddates
Both of these factors have been in
politics a long time. They know the
came. They knew how to boost tor
their own candidates among the tan
noent bystanders. They subaldlie
the press. Their chances of success
are immeeaureably enhanced when
they are pitting but one set of candl
dates against a field of more or less
T.Nure, but honest, Individuals, who
must depend on their own Individual
Ity and their own resources for thesuf
rra;e of the people.
The common people, those that are
plucked and plundered by the above
hrlments, do not need a political party
to represent their interests. To suc
resfully combat big vice and littl
rice, not only candidates, but partl
principles and party organisation are
I CELLANEOUS POVISUONL
Other provisions usually contained
in the commismlon form laws are the
followlng: Initiative, referendum re
call, civil service, publicity, etc. None
of these features, however are essent
Ial to the scheme. Jn all of the Ins
tances that have come under the
observation of the writer, the sections
dealing with these reforms have been
drafted by their enemies, and at best,
aer merely the sugar-coating for a
distasteful pill. Furthermore, they
are ubject to repeal by the Igles
Provisions for the reforms enumer
ated above are contained In many
city charters as well as In several of
the state laws, having a general ap
plication, without requiring a sacri
fice of democracy, ward represent.
ation and the right to nominate can
didates In whichever way, the people
may deem best, as welli as the right
to elect public officials.
The Standard Dictionary defilse
'aristocracy" as "a form of govern
ment in which the sovereign power
is lodged in a council composed of
select persons or nobles as the ruling
class, without a monarch, and ex
elusive of the common people."
Government by commission is only
another name for aristocracy.
A WOiNAWN PLACE.
By SWabeNt . Hwe.,
The followinlg i the fl=st in a ser
ies of articles treating of waman's
place in the various stages of humas
For many years the right of women
to vote on an equality with men has
been urged by women of adavaced
thought. These leaders have been
called "Short haired women" and clas
sed with long haired men. This is
perfectly In acord with the policy of
those, who unable to answer the argu
ments advanced by aspeaker, try to
bring her personality Into the discus.
slon and through riducle becloud theII
message that the speaker tries to de
During the past few years the
movement for women suffrage has
made considerable headway and has
succeeded in gaining its object In some
of the newer commonwealths.
The query naturally arises "Why
does woman want to vote?" What
use will she make of the vote Itf It is
granted her?" Will she use it wisely
or will she from the naurally conser
vative Instincts of her mex use It In be.
half of reactionary legislation." The
old argument that many women own
property upon which they are compel
led to pay taxes without being permit
ted a voice as to what taxes shall be
levied or how the money shall be
spent after being collected, while
sound In principle is not asufficient
reason for the wholesale enfranchise
ment of women.
Ther are relatively few women
who own taxable property, and their
economic interests are the same as
the interests of the masculine pro
perty owners. There is no sex quest
ion involved in property rights that
would divide the voters and no clash
of interests between male property
owners and female property owners
The most common, and to those
who differ them the most convincing
answers to all the claims of' the wo
mena to equality with men at the bal
lot box are, A woman's place Is In
her home" "She has enough to do It
she looks after her home and her
•hldren," "Her place is at the fire
side." The person advancing these
Ideas is very much in the position of
the men riding in a railroad oar with
his back to the engine, he never sees
anything until he has pasmed it, and
cannot see anything int he direction
In which he I/ travelling.
And yet it is because it is true that
a woman's Interest still center in the
family that she is forced to take a
posltion in public affairs in order to
protect herself and her children.
The ohahge In home life sqd home
**edtleu s Mad tad-t1 4sm41 by
the Idustrial reveltlen t the past
e humired and fifty 'I7ers hem
brought mewi problems late es.smoe
or rather brought o problems late
a mew aspect. The peoblems that oon.
froted the wit. sad mother I. the
pat were the same that oo.fre.ts her
today, but the soluiens then were
lmeple as the lite most people lived
was alimple life. Our modern sooial
and laeustrial prooemss ard so com
plex sad so dfterett form the old
Ute et a century or more ago, that
new methodo must be evolved to fit
the new conditions.
You canot put new wine into old
bottles The old social order cannot
contain the new wine of the modern
Industrial and commercial system In
the midst of which we find ourselves]
Old customs are giving way to new
customs. Old habits of thought are
being displaced by new ones. Old
theories are being discarded and
science and nvention have transform.
ed our whole social fabric. The old
sImple life has gone. The new com
plcated life has taken its place The
woman. her children, and her home
have all been involved in thechange.
To understand how vast hua been that
change, what caused It. and what wo
man can and must do to secure for
Are you a Reader of
THE MONTAYA NEW8
You are interested it its EDITORIAL POLICY.
You read it for things that are NOT found In other
You read it because it is a SOCIALIST publica
tion. You are interested in the SOCIALIST
and LABOR CIRCLES.
POINT OF VIEW.
But you ought to know and you want to know
You want to know all the NEWS of the Socialist
You want to know and you onglht to know the
significance of current events from a Socialist and
To get this news you must read a DAILY paper
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That paper is the
(CHIICAOO DAILY SOCIALIST.
It is different from other Daily papers. It is
It tells the truth.
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Its buainess is human Progress.
It is PUBLISHED FOR THOSE WHO
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If you are a Progressive Socialist, and want to
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tire Socialist and Labor movement of America
Mend in your subscription.
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At least send in a quarter and try it for a month.
CHI('AGO I)AILY SOCIALIST
207 Washington Street . Chicago, Illinois.
Tn" ý=n~i ý
s." . w . ..r -
"r M rt ~ety
P, ", ,ILL.
herself ad the rase the etest ban.
ont from the p hag the pst
must be reviewed sad the preent
uiderstood, and thean wmas with her
new found power will suely take her
place In the rake with thorn seeking
to establlatth a better and hibgher ovl.
isetlon than mankind has over known.
(To be continued.)
_AR5AROUS MErICO. This book
by Jobh Keaneth Turner tolls the
Truth about Dics and his American
apitallst partners whit until now
has been quppreed. It tells how men
women and ovea children are bought
and sold. worked to eath. starved to
death, beaten to doath, all for the
sake of PROFITS. This book* will
help you to understand the news of
the Meloan Revolution, whoih eves
rapitallst papers are beginning to
priat If you cannot afford the price
ask for it at the nearest public library
and urge others to do the same until
the library buys It Etra cloth,.
540 pages, beddes twenty-five engrav
lag from photographs Price, $1.50
ORDER PROM THE MONT. NEWS.
Keep your eye on the Montana
News, the Dreadnought of the work