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Montana news. [volume] (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, July 06, 1911, Image 2

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IIIUWD WENKLY.
GRAHAM A HAELWT. Publihsr
OIICE I1 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 303
Eatered at the Post Obo feor trua
mgleo through the msall at *sooad
elm raes.
SUBACRPTIONUZ
Ons Tear ..................... 0e
ta Ieontht ................... sek
The National Sod4ast Pares.
The day of getting Socialist news by
slow frieght is nearly past. The work
ing class of America have laid the
foundation of the greatest rival the
Associated Press ever had.
l.tltorts tre being made to reduce
the re\c tie of the national office of
the Sociaist Party. This attempt if
siwcrssful will retard the work of the
party There are many things to be
dl.\,eloped by the Socialist Party of
America and the Press Bureau is but
one of the many things needed to
make the party a big fighting organi
zation. To curtail the revenue of the
national organization is btut to curtail
the possibilities of the extent of the
part)'s activities.
In establishing the Socialist Press
Bureau the Socialist Party of America
has taken up a new line of activity
and has started to develope a great
means of propaganda, that will be
come more effective as time goes on
The name of this press bureau Is
called the National Socialist Press and
is under the management of the Na
tional Secretary and National Execu
tive of the Socialist Party.
Whenever a working clas crisis
arises such as the McNamara kidnap
ping, the national office of the Social
ist Party sends a reporter to the
scene of activity, whose duty it is to
send press reports to all Socialist and
labor papers in the country, free of
cost, thereby getting the true situation
to the wage workers and upseting the
capitalist machine that colors and fal
sifies the news to mit its material wel
fare.
To the Montana News some credit
Ielongs to establishing the National
Socialist Press Bureau. During thie
trial of Hlaywood. Steve Adams, and
Pettilbone in Idaho, and the invasion
of Gold Fields. Nev., by the U. 3.
troops to break the strike of the min
ers, Ida Crouch-Hazlett attended the
trial of the miners in Idaho as well
as going to Gold Field, and reported
not only to the Montana News, but to
all Socladst papers that had no cor
recpondent at the above places. Other
Socialist papers had reporters at the
trial of Haywood, but these reporters,
reported only to the paper they repre
sented, while Ida Crouch.Hazlett who
represented the News, sent a copy of
all reports sent the Montana News to
all other Socialist papers. The Mont
ana News paid the expense.
When the national convention if
the Socialist Party met in Chicago in
May 1908, the delegates from Montana
presented resolutions for the estab
lishing of a National Socialist Assoc
iated Press, to gather all labor and
Socialist news and send same to the
labor and socialist press..
Mrs Haslett was elected a member
of the press committee appointed by
the convention and she succeded in
getting the committee to recommend
the establishment of a Soclast Assoc
lated Press Bureau, and the convent
ion adopted the report of the Press
Committee.
The National Executive Committee
of the Soclaldst party has now put
the mandates of the national convent
ion of 1908 into operation and we now
have the National Socialist Press
Bureau.
As the revenue of the national office
of the Socialist Party Increases, the
Press Bureau will be further developed
and ma.r more effective, and in the
fvent of a European working class
-rsiLs, the National Socialist Press
will be able to have its reporters in
Europe and the news from a working
el. es stand point be cabled to the
national headquarters of the Socialist
'Party in America, and from there sent
out all over the United States.
As Socialist papers Increase all over
the country, the need of the National
Socialist Press will be Increased until
it become a large institution which
we hope someday to see greater and
more powerful than the Associated
Press of to-day that reports adl the
happenings of the day to suit the cap
italist class.
The l'ast legislature appropriated
more money than was In the State
Treasury or will be received for taxes
during the coming' two years. To
overcome this difficulty the State
Board of Examiners have reduced the
appropriation made to the Montana
University to the extent of $40,00
other state educational institutions
suffer likewlse,BUT the MILITIA is to
gelt $,000 a year an increase of
nearly $10,000 over previous years.
Convict Labor Being Exten ded
The workers of Montana will have
to arouse themselves to action. If they
would prevent a further extention of
convict labor in Montana.
At present there are over 200 con
victs at work on the State highways,
competiting with free labor. Right
after the election last November 40
convicts were put on the roads west of
Garrison, and they worked in that
territory for nearly six months, at
the same time large numbers of un
employed laborers were seeking work
all over the state.
Last February in the city of Helena.
the city jail was crowded with work
ing men every night enjoying a night
lodgings, men out of work, dead broke
wih no place to sleep would app.; at
the city hall. requesting the privilege
of sleeping in the city jail, this was
granted them, and the next mornin.
the unemmployed would 1eave jail to
spend another day looking for work.
Ther was on an average 27 men who
enjoyed free lodgings over night in the
city jail of lHelena, during the month
of February last, and one night when
the jail was hill, the police received
a summons from a cheap boarding
house, and on the arrival of the police
they drove nineteen men who had
sneaked in during the night and were
sleeping on the floor of the halhway
and lolbies of the cheap lodging.
This happened at 2 o" clock in the
morning, when the weather was 26
below zero.
What a nice condition of affairs to
witness in the capitol city of the State
and only fifty miles away convicts
were working on the roads displacing
free labor
Consicta Work on Railroad.
An addition is being made to the
penitentiary building, which of course
is being built by convicts, the stone
used coming from a quarry at Bradley,
seven miles east of Garrison on the
Northern Pacific railway. The con
victs are quarrying the stone.
A railroad spur has been laid from
the main line of the Northern Pacific
railway to the quarry. The convicts
did the grading for this piece of rail
road, laid the ties and the rails. The
convicts built the railroad spur com
plete'.
Ve. are unable to learn who owns
this piece of railroad, whether it be
longs to the State of Montana, or the
Northern Pacific railway, but in ad
likelihood it is the property of the
Northern Pacific. as that corporation
furnished the material, ties, rails.
spikes, fish plates, etc.. and the State
furnished the labor power, viz convict
labor.
RWe are unable at present to get
any information from the state
authorities on the sulbject. But, we
have learned that the state of Mont
ana is paying the Northern Pacific
railway $26.50 for every car of stone
hauled by that company from the
quarry at Bradley to the penitentiary.
a distance of 18 miles, and there' is
an average of two cars a day being
transported.
The Good Roads onvention held in
Missoula recently passed resolutions
endorsing, not only the use of convltti
on state highways, but the working
of all city and county prisoners in
competition with tree labor.
Papers were read at the convention
by various state officials, endorsinx
convict labor. Attorney General Gal
en in his adress to the convention
advocated convict labor, and further
stated that he had no apology to
make to organized labor for his action
as a member of the State Prison
Board in sending convicts out to
work on the highways. The remarks
of Galen, relating to organised labor
do not appear In the reports of Galen's
speech in the daisy papers of the state,
this is something that is not desirable.
for the common herd to know. How
ever, Galen's remarks were enthus
lastically received by the union hating
skinners that were in the convention
Th,. resolutions passed by the Good
Roads convention calling for the use
of city and county prisoners on public
works Is of a far reaching nature.
The laws at present allow the county
commissioners and sheriffs to use
county prisoners on public works of
any nature
If the court house is to be painted,
the prisoners can do the work. If
carpenter repair work is required and
a carpenter or joiner Is in the jail,
all that Is necessay is to put the car
penter to work, and if none are in
the jail, it is an easy matter to arrest
mechanics and have them sentenced
to a term in prison and the work
can then bt done on public buildings.
The law relating to the working of
county prisoners is a very dangerous
one and one that certain labor sharks
will not hesitate to make use of. The
big mining corporations and real
estate sharks are not paying their
proper share of the taxes of fthe state.
and in order to reduce the tax levy
still lower, it is very desirable that
state and county prisoners be need
as much as possible, whereas, if taea
were properly adjusted, or a Just s..
tem of taxation in force, prisoners
would not be required to do the work
id competitoin with free labor.
There is another thing to be con
sidered, and that is the element that
compoaed the dehegation of the Good
Roads convention were mostly labor
sharks, and men who have fought the
unions bitterly and men who desire
very much to reduce wages through
out the state and they know that the
greater the competiion among wage
slaves for work, he better the chance
for reducing wages to a lower level.
At present plans are being laid to
carry on a campaign among the un
ions of the state with the hope of
breaking up the opposition against
convict labor.
It is the Intention of the labor skin
ners of the state to have the convicts
worked in every way possible in com
petition with free labor. They give as
an excuse, that if the, work is not done
by convicts it ne\er will be done. The
same argument applies with equa:
logic to every piece of public work done
in the state and to all Industrial
activity
The recent legislature would have
passed a law to create a state highway
asross the state, to be built by con
vict labor, but resolutions passed by
Farmers' unions against convict labor
were presented in both houses of the
legislature, these resolutions killed the
state highway bill. The politicians
were afraid of the union farmers.
A year ago the question of convict
was a live one, and the political part.
les of the state pledged themselves to
pass a law to abolish convict labor, but
as usual these pledges were but camn
paign promises never Intended to be
carried out.
At the convention of he Montana
lederation of Labor head in GOa.t
Falls last August, convict labor "va'
thoroughly discussed and a resolutUn
was passed condemning convict labor
and demanding the repeal of the pres
ent law on convict labor. A commit
tee of five was appointed to investi
gate the convict labor problem and to
advise ways and means of securing
legislation that would not only prevent
convicts competiting unfairy with
labor, but would also insure the con
ticts being treat.d humanely and turn
the state pris.m into a reformatory,
instead of a place of punishment.
This committee was to report to the
legislative or executive committee of
the Montana Federation of Labor, but
with the exception of work done by
Adolf Hoist of Butte, the committee
did not do a single thing, that It was
created by the convention to do, anJ
up to date has made no report.
The chairman of the committee II.
() Smith Vice.-presldent of the Mont
ana Federation of Labor, Informed the
writer that he favored convicts work
ing on the highways. This possibly
accounts for the inaction of the com
mittee. Mr. Smith further stated that
he had sent lettersof Inquiry to a,
candidates in Helena for the legisia
ture, as per instructions received by
him fron organized labor, and that C.
P. Nolan. of Helena and elected a
member of the legislature had replied,
that he, (Nolan) was in favor of
working the convicts at anything that
would help to make the state prison
self sustaining.
Had the union men of Helena been
Informed of this statement by Mr.
Nolan before the election, it is more
than likely that Nolan would not have
been elected
The work done by organised labor
against convict labor did not b.,ar
fruit, as those intrusted with the legis
lative program against convict hlor
did nothing.
At present the State Prison Board
have power to use the convicts as
they see fit. provided they do not
contract the convict out. The prison
board if they so wished, could have.
the convicts attempt to build a rail
road to the moon.
To limit the power of the l'rijon
Board, and ilmlting convict labor .4
bill was introduced In the last legisla.
ture by Itepresntativo, John Bak, r of
Helern, a member of the Typograph
Ical union.
It was near the end of the s.Mesion
that the bill was Introduced and dlied
in the hands of the steering car,nrlit.
tee. The bill did not receive proper
support from the members of organ.
Ised labor who were members of teh
legislature. Including the gentl.,,man
who Intrduced the hill. In fact the
legislators who were members or or.
ganized labor did absolutely nothing
against convict labor, not a word was
heard from them In behalf of organ
Ised labor on the subject of convict
labor. The only exception to this, was
Itepresentativ Jama, U IhNady, ot
$utte, a member of the Carpenters
union. McNally werbt for the blU
against convict labor, while it was
In the committee Sad whoa the bill
appropriating upwards at *6g.Oe to
reimburse Conley and MoTague for
property they claimed, which was pro
4uced by convIcts. McNally endeav
oulred to make some lavestigation,
,but the bill was so framed as to limit
his work and the scope of the Invest.
gEation.
MI. hM. Donohue, President of the
Montana Federation of Labor, worked
in behaif of the bill against convict
labor. he worked conscientiously and
to the best of his ability, but did not
accomplish much as he was up against
a bad bunch and did not receive
i'roper support.
The question is still open and it is
up to organised labor In Montana
to carry on a more aggressive cam
paign against convict labor, or else
cuffer the consequence. The powers
that be are determined to do all in
their power to force the convicts Into
competition with free labor, hoping
thereby to be able to reduce wages.
Preparing Foe Hell
According to dispatches from Wash
ington, the country faces today the
prospect of having a standing and re
serve army of from 500.000 to 5.0,000
trained men within a few years. To
accomplish this it will be necessary
to add to the regular army and the
organised militia, a third body which
will probably be known as the nat
ional reserves. This body is not yet
organised nor is authority given for its
foundation. But the attitude of army
officers in their reports of this year
and in their statements before con.
gressional committeees indicates that
its establishment is fully expected.
Before the end of another year
there will be in the arsenals and the
military storehouses ofthe United
States 1,000,000 rifles and more than
150,000,000 rounds of ammunition for
them. Over 675.000 of these are the
latest type of Springfield rifles and
the balance are Krags. The work of
storing up this reserve of rifles widl
continue until 800,000 Springfields and
200,000 Krags are on hand, with
180,000,000 rounds of ammunition.
The Rock Island arsenal is turning
out 75 Springfield rifles a day and the
Springfield arsenal 150. The various
arsenals and manufacturing plants
are making 265 three-inch field artil
lery guns a year; and if the plans of
the army heads receive the approval
of congress the plant will work at
full capacity day and night and will
produce 5660 uns a year.
These field artillery guns cost $21.
000 each. The army wants 1,000 of
them. so that it will have four to
every 1.000 rifles and sabres. This
will be enough to tusly equip a field
army of 300.000 men, including the
artillery itself
An average of five three-inch field
pieces, costing $21,000 each are turn
ed out every week, or a total of
$110,000 a week or $5,565.000 a $),*p
spent in this country on the man.,
facture of field artillery of only one
calibre not to speak of the cost of
ammunition and rifles and other
equipment.
The authorised strength of the re
gular army is 87,27t rank and fle,
although at present the actual strength
is 77,035.
The organised militia of the various
states has a combined strength at
present of 110,640.
The present plans of the army of
ficers are to gradually increase this
number and to create a militia reserve
In all the states, and turn the country
Into an armed and military nation.
The reserve militia Is to consist of
all men between the ages of 18 and 45
not members of the regular militia
and subject to being drafted into the
regular militia at the orders of the
governors of the various states. To
give this reserve militia a military
training, It is proposed by the head
officers of the regular army, to com
pel military service of all young
men In the country for three months
every year for a period of three years.
What is all this preparation for war
mean? Why the desire to develop,,
the spirit of militarism in America?
Ecomic development makes the pos
sibility of war between America and
Britian very remote, Indeed, almost
Impossilble. Should war take peace
between this country and Germany
over.South American trade, it would
be entirely fought out by the navies
of the respective countries and not by
the army. These two countries Brit
inan and Germany are the only ones
In Europe that are commericial rivals
of this country..
Japan is looked upon as the bogey
man, and a martial spirit is being fos
tered in this country against Japan.
for the people of America to live in
fear of a Japanese military invasion
is absurd. It is a physical imposslbil
tr ag Japws to bes Amertu 1a d*. c
bate at arms. Japan has not the re. I
sotr. e to menabd her to wtthstaad a
long combat with Ameriaes. In the
Russian-Japan war, while Japan had a
exhausted all her resources Russia I
had bearly called on her resources,
and that was the reason Japan lost
the fruits of her victory. Japan re
ceived the coal for her navy from
Wales, and the bulk of the rest of 4
her supplies from the United States.
With such a situation. Japan will
think twice before declaring war
against America.
If war does take place between I
America and Japan, it wid be this
country that will be the aggressor
Morgan and the other big trust mag.
nates are looking for new territory to
exploit. Profits must be made, the
surplus product created by labor must
be sold, even if a the mussle of a gun.
The working class of America is
slowly but surely awakening to the
fact that they are being exploited,
that they are being robbed of the fruit
of their toll, and trust magnates, the
exploiters of ,abor realise that the end
will be near, unless somehlng is done
to attract the attention of the workers
Therefore war is necessary to the ex
Lstance of capitalism, to the rule of
the trust magnates It is to extend
the power and influence of Morgan
and his clan, and to help keep the
working class in bondage that all
these great preparations for war are
going on.
Shall the workers of America, for
the sake of geting a Job, go across
the seas to thrust a bayonet into a
fellow mortar?
Shall the workers of America, in
order to perpetuate trust rule and ex
ploitation, allow themselves to be
made ready to blow to atoms the wage
slaves of other countries?
The preparations now being made
in this country for war, are only for
two purposes, to extend the power of
the rising power of the working class
Morgan and Rockefellow, or to subdue
of America. While there is yet time.
,at us block thegameof the plutocrats.
Every working man In Montana,
who is a voter should sign the demand
for a referendum on the Donohue
militia law, and thereby help to check
the crase of militarism that is sweep.
ing this country.
The Donohue Militia law is no ac
cident, but, a crafty plot to extend the
influence of the military in this
country.
Dr. Dohohue of Glendive, who In
troduced the bill is an oficer In the
state militia., and it is a safe bet that
he never drafted the Donohue militia
law, but that the same was drafted by
some one higher up.
Two years ago the legislature of
South Dakota passed a law similar
to the Donohue militia law, but the
voters demanded that it go to a refer
endum and it was defeated by the
voters at the polls.
The recent California legislature de.
feated a bill similar to the Donohue
law, therefore, it Is evident that a
nation wide attempt is being made to.
wards conscripton.
If the Donohue Militia law goes to
a referendum of the people of Mont
ana it wid be defeated, and this will
have a tendency to check the spirit
of militarism in this country, and help
make It easier for the waeg workers
THE OLYMPIAN THE CObUMBIAN
THE ALL "STEEL" TRAINS-THE "SAFE" TRAINS
VIA THE
Chicago, Milwaukee
& Puget Sound Ry.
AND THE
Chicago, [MilWaukee & St. Paul Ry.
Specially coantruoted "All-tee;"' Standard sleeping and
tourist cars of the world-famed "Longer-Higher-Wider " berth
variety.
Steel dining cars, luxuriously furnished. A service of
the very highest class, and a cuisine that offers the choicest
and best that the market afford.
If you want to travel east or west the safest and shortest
way, as well as the way of greatest pleasure take one of these
new standard flyers.
LOG SUM1ER EXCURSION
no6w\ in effect to practically all points East and on the Pacific
coast.
Long Return Llmint-Liberal fpOesP.
Detailed Information regarding Rates, Train
service, etc., cheerfully furnished.
W. . WARNER, A. .F. A P A. Butte,
Montana.
'The New Stad Tr.. O GEO. W. HIBBaRD, Generl Pasuengrer Agent.
of other state to defat the measure,
If it makes its appearease In ether
legslatmures. Moerewer, by demand
lag a refrtlndum on the Deooheo law
and defeating it, will teach the politic
lane of Montana that they must re
spect the voloe of the people In future
telelatures of Montana.
Every man who voted in Montana
last November, or registered for the
election can sign the demand for the
referendum In the county In which
he voted. Let every voter who has
the spirit of manhood about him, de
mand that the Donohue Militia law
be referred to a vote of the people.
Bishop Spaulding, the Episcopal
of Utah. an ardent Socialist, tells an
Incident that occured while he was
attending the International Peace con
ference In London three years ago.
One of the speakers, a Hungarian
Baroness, said that war had changed.
Modern war was nothing idke in the
good old times when men's prowess
in handling of arms counted for some
thing; a man had a chance then to
dispute the enemy's wish to chop
off his head. Now with machine guns
and all the Infernal Instruments of war
a fighting man waited for a sudden
demise without seeing his opponent.
'"Therefore," she said, "as war has
changed. I propose we change the
name of It A prominent Amenrican
once said that war was hell. Let us
call it hell. Instead of saying that
two nations are going to war together
let us say they are golng to hell to
gether."
"Perhaps." commented the bishop,
'men wouldn't be so anxious to iden
tify themselves with such a pace.
Imagine reading in the papers, 'Will
lam H. Taft, secretary of hell, now
occuples the White House.' "
Coming Nation.
Let every union send in a protest
to Senators Dixon and Myers at once.
Al dcrams t lb as we s bus
mees and commswral ltlt~l-m ma
agenabed late aedates to advance
te.r welora.. .The hir e are the
Idas ht is net or esanliM r metual
preot aion. Even the basets of the
Sdd as well as the hum that pepys
e the rmer Is asnw e a.t pietet
ales. It Is tiam that She Iaerms wmre
nlsmss late enees to ses the
bseeass and precssn taa eon, only
'Ibe ae tb Iby~E a mm ofs.I
o0ma i a asema u n la p ear
mrks. erther pealelmws - be
had by sema a bIss. eo tbutry t*
Unleo ar esu . me m Udslm
THE .SEAtTIFUL KARL MARK PIN
r Exact model of original pin worn by
Marx, and now in possession of
Comrade French of Washlangton, D. C.
o Reg fIag devices, beautifully enamell.
ed. Solid, durable and handsome. 25
cents each. Five for One Dollar.
Worn by thousands of Socialists.
Spec al bargains in books and leaf
lets on Socialism.. Bend for Price
. Wilshire Book Comp ny.
I 113 East 25th Street. NEW YORK
t "Clearing House for all Socialist
p Lterature."
5 ____________

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