and the Militia.
On May 4 Senator Dixon of Mont
anl introduced in the United States
Senate, Senate Bid 111). "A bill to
further increase the efficlency of the
organised Militia of the United States,
and for other purposes."
The purpose of the above bill is !o
help entice young men to join the
organised State Militia, by paying the
privates for their services in the milit
Ia, an amount equal to one-fourth the
amount privates in the regular army
are paid and to allow the officers of
the militia an amount equal to 16 per
cent of the pay of the oficers of the
At present the national government
pays the officers and men of the milit
la when they atend the national mit
itary encampments, which usually
takes place every two years.
This bill of Senator Dixon is to give
the militiamen a bonus, for the time
they put in drilling, and is to be paid
them, when they are not receiving
regular pay from the state or national
government for services at encamp
me.nts or strike breaking.
It is a hard matter to get young
men into the state militia, all self
respecting working men will not Join
a scab herding agency, and therefore
to still further induce the young men
of the country to join the militia it
ii the purpose of the military fiends
to offer them, wages equivolent to
one fourth the amount of the regular
army. As the privates in the army
receive $15. a month, this will mean
that the privates in the militia will
receive $3.50 , enough to allow the
scab herders to go on a cheap drunk
once a month.
The militia men are allowed lots of
little priveleges and benefits that the
average worker don't receive, they
don't have to pay the road or poor
tax that is deducted out of the wages
of the workers, now Senator Dixon
comtes forward with a bill, to make
the national government give these
militia men the price of a cheap
drunk, while they are learning the
art of perparing to break strikes.
In a letter to the Montana News,
relating to Senate Bill 199S Senator
Dixon, says that he is opposed to vast
expenditures made for the up-keep of
armies and navies, and hopes that the
time will come when international
abritratlon will be thoroughly estab
national disputes In an International
lished, and thereby settling all Inter.
court of Justlee.
The foregoling is a very beautiful
sentiment which we are thoroughly in
accord with, but. Why does Senator
Dixon, act contrary to his sentiments
and attempt to still furher burden
he country by giving the militiamen
a bonus :o enable them to get on a
The investigations now being made
in the harbor of Havana, on the rede
of the batleship Maine, prove the asu
sertions made by the Socialists for the
past 13 years. that the Maine was
blown up at the Instigation of Amer
clan capitalists, In order to inflame
the paslons of the people and popular
ise the demand for war. in order that
war might be declared, and the cor
purations extend their markets.
If war is declared by the United
States in the near future, this country
will be the aggressor, and at the dic
tates o fthe trust magnates. There
is a time rapidly approaching when
the tyranny of the trust magnates are
going to be called to a halt
The halt to trust rule will either be
called by ballot or a strike, or series
of strikes, or perhapa by both, The
plutocrats see this condition of affttairs
appearing on the Industrial horgson
and are preparing to meet it, either
by declaring a war of conquest to
stimulate manufacturing, or to repell
the advance of the working class by
the force of arms. This is the reason
of all the activity In military circles,
it is the surplus value of the product
of the toil of the wage workers that
the trust magnates want to hang on
Senator Dixon in his letter to the
Montana News, does not state an
thing about the militia being used for
scab herding purposes:
Every union in Montana, ecery Soc
tullst Local In Montana, every organ
Isation of women In Montana repre
senting the motherhood of the race.
every wageworker, every mother and
wife in Montana, should send letters
to Senators Dixon and Myers of Mont
ana, protesting against them voting
In favor of Senate Bill 19*6.
Senator Dixon's term expires in l13e
and he will be a candidate for re
election next year, and It is up to the
wageworkers of Montana to find out
it Senator Dixon favors the building
up of a scab herding agency to be
used against the workers.
I How the Legislature Acted.
A referendum on the militiL law
should be demanded, it tot no other
reason than to give a reprimanding to
the law makers for the contemptous
manner which they treated the meas.
urea that were Intr duced for the ben
efit of the wage workers.
Not a single measure of any con
sequence for the benefit of the masses
Below we give a brief sketch of
some of the measures that were antr -
duced but were executed by the cap
Italistic executioners at the State Cap
The American Federation of labor
is endeavouring to secure a uniform
law Lnail states covering Employers'
Liabilities for Injury received by em
ployes, this is a very desirable state
of affairs, and House Bill 107 was
introduced, identical with the bills
presented in other state legislatures
this ear. The legislature absolutely
refused to consider it. and the bill was
killed in the committee without even
being printed, so that even the mem
bers of the Legislature might know its
contents. When the bill was intro
duced the Legislators lifted their
hands in holy horror and that was the
end of the Employers Liability law
for Montana wage slaves.
A bill was introduced limiting the
hours of women employed In laun
dries and factories and stores to I
hours a day
It is part of the Montana conatit
uton that men cant be employed In
or around mines, mills or smelers,
or on public work for more than eight
hours a day. and railroad telegraphers
cannot be employed for more than S
hours a day, so an attempt wee made
to reduce the hours of women.
The Retail Merchants of Montana
met in illena, in convention, just one
day, with a banquet at night At this
convention a legislative committee
was appointed and every measure op.
posed by the merchants was killed,
and evry measure favored by them
pass.d. The Retail Merchants fought
the nine hour law for women, and the
nine hour day for women was defeated
It is unlawful to work men on pub
lic work for more thaneight hours.
but it is lawful to work women and
girls In laundries an unlimited num.
ber of hour.
Another class of labor that are more- I
ly overworked, is nurses in hospitals. I
The nurses endeavoured to secure an 14
eight hour Caw for nurses in hospitals.
but that bill never got to the stage
of being printed. Although a large o
number of deaths In the hospitals in
this state are caused by lack of proper a
nursing, or nurses being overworked.
12 hours a day is too long for any
woman to be in a sick ward attending
to upwards of 20 patients.
An effort was made to enact
workingmens' compensation law, but
like other measures, this one also
went to the scrap pile. However, as
a courtesy to labor the legislature had
the bill printed for free distribution. I
so that the wage slave when he is
Injured could look and admire it.
The workingmens' c ompensation
bill that was introduced, was a copy
of the British compensation law that
went Into effect in the British Isles
in July 189i, and which passel the
House of Lords in the summer of 1897
after a stormy passage. The Lords
threatened to kill it, but the late
Lord Salisbury, then prime minister
In closing one of the most memorial
debates in the House of Lords, toed
the British Peers, that they dare not
defeat the measure, for it they did, it
would react against the Lords as the
people would rise in their might and
put the House of Lords out of exist
ance. Yet the Montana Legislature
last February did something that the
English House of Lords, did not dare
do in June 1187, kill the working
mens' compensation act. The same
measure that the Montana Legislature
killed became law In Italy In 1899
and in Japan in 1900.
.House Bill 132 was a measure to pre
vent any corporation from coercing
its employee, or victimising them for
being members of organised labor.
The bill was a good one and would
have been a great relief to workers
in this state, and it passed the House
by a splendid amjorlty, but met Its
Waterloo in the Senate
As the members of organised labor
raised such a howl over the defeat
of House Bid 132, Senator Edwards
of Rosebud county who had voted
Sagainst the bill, promised to introduce
a new bill In the Senate to prevent
coercion of union men and he drafted
a bill similar in almost every respect
t to House Bill 132 and this hill of Ed
wards known as Senate Bill 186 pas
Ssed the Senate by a large majority
and then went to the )ouse where
it was strangled. Therfore labor was
best by a see-saw game.
,,enate Bill 185 when It went to the
House was turned over to the steering
committee with Owen Byrnes as chair
man, when a representative of organ
laed labor went to Byrnes asking to
have senate Bill 186 reported, Byrne8
told him the bill was lost and could
not be found. Later a member of the
legislature, at the request of a repre
sentative of labor, went to Byrnes
asking to have Senate Bill 185 report
ed and Byrnes toad him the law was
a vicious measure and was slated to
be killed in the committee by not re
porting it to the House. Although
Byrnes voted for House Bill 132 which
was in every respect similar to Senate
Byrnes is a mining man and an em
ployer of labor. He was governed
by his ecomic interests.
The Western Union Telegraph com
"ty is waging a war against organ
ized labor and eny -employe of the
Western Union that is a member of
organised labor is discharged and vic
timised. if the corporation officials
knew that the employe belongs to a
union. Lately the head officials of
the Western Union visited Helena in
a private car. Put up at a first class
hotel and remained here a few weeks.
During that time the Western Union
offices in Helena, which employe a
large force of operators, was cleaned
out of all union men. .The telegraph
ers were called up to the officias
rooms at the hotel and asked if thay
wanted to remain at work, and if they
wanted to work for the Western Uni )n
they had to tear up their membersht,
card in the presense of the manager
before leaving the hotel.
Certain telegraphers that were good
union men and had lots of back bone
were brought before the officials, at
various times, and told the errors of
their ways and given a few days to
consider the sermon given by the
manager and then called up for an
other lecture This method which re
sembles the third degree methods
practised b detectives, was for the
purpose of breaking down the spirit
of manhood shown by first class
operator), and the company must
have had a good force of spotters for
the officials were welh posted on the
conduct and character of its employes.
These officials remained a month in
Helena, fighting the telegraphers un
Had either House Bill 112 or Senate n
Bill 185 been enacted, then these
officials of the Western Union could fl
not have carried on the disgraceful %
acts that they practised in Helena a b
few weeks ago. i t
A taw was enacted creatngr the of- t
flee of state fire marshall.,The duties
of the fire marshall Is to Investigate
all fires, and see that the Insurance f'
comparles are not being defrauded, I4
and to further decrease the risks of s
the fire insurance companies, A
special tax is levied against the Insur- c
ance companies to pay the expenuis k
of the ofice of fire marshall.
In other words the fire marshall is Ii
hired by the state to look after the '
Interests of the insurance companies. '
and the companies pay the costs, but
their man has the authority of the
law on his side which is a great bene. a
fit to the insurance companies.
But the feature of the law is,. that t
It had a rider attached to it, which. '
exempts the fire insurance companies
from all other taxes to be paid by t
them to the state counties or cities.
The fire insurance companies dont e
have to contribute to the taxes of the s
state, except for the office of fire
muashall, and that is for their benefit.
If working people want any special
benefits in the district they reside in,
they have a special tax levied against
them, and by no means are exempted
from other taxes.
What do you think about It you
wage slaves? The insurance com
panise that take millions out of the
state annually dont pay a cent of taxes
- but you had $4. poll taxes deducted
I from your wages last pay day.
r To crown the proceedings of the
seslon, the legislature passed the In
I famous Donohue militia law, which
a makes its a crime to call a militiaman
a scab herder or a tin-soldier. (e have
5 no apologies to make or fines to pay.)
Here are few features of the militia
t employment, or prevents his being
Section 10. If any person Inter.
t rupts, molests or Insults, by abusive
a words or behaviour, or obstructs any
t officer or soldier while on duty or at
d any pargde, drill or meeting for mili.
t tary Improvement, he must Imme
diately be put under arrest and kept
. at the discretion of the commandll t
y officer until the duty, drill or parade
e or meeting is concluded; and he may
a commit such person to any police of
iger, constable orlherlff of the coun
t' wherein such duty, drill or meeting
eustody for examination or trial be.
i" held, who shall detain him in
[ase a court having Jurisdiction of
ths place, and any person found
guillty of any of the offences enu
terated in this section or of obstruct
lag or interfering with the Unl,,d
State forces or troops or any part
of the national guard shall be punish
ed by a fine of not less than ten dol.
las nor more than five hundred dol
lan, or by imprisonment in the coun
ty jal; for not lem than ten days n,r
more than six months or bybuth such
fine and imprisonment.
A WOMAN'B PLACE:.
Ity Robert H. liuw,"
We, hear the term "Woman s work"
used. Why should some ',ork Ibe
sacre to women whtehl ,ild ne
discreditable if preformed by ,n,. of
the opposite. sex? Why shoul.,. c.r.
tain other avocations be the n onpoly I
of man and into which splh.r, it is I
discreditable for woman t. enter?
There never has been any i' r.son or
body o. persons authorlzed to ,l sig
nate what labor one sex shr)u,l Ilpr
form and what labor the 'th, r sex
should perform. The truth of the
matter is that the work of the v.,rld
has been divided betw , en the two
sexes through many centuries merely
by custom and convenience.
The bearing and rearing of children
a burden placed upon womnan by
nature, had very much to do with
classifying certain industries as best
performed by her, and possibly great
er force, which resulted In division of
labor between the sexes, and one to
which little attention has been given
was the discovery and use of fire.
Whatever was the source from
which fire was first derived, it is cer
tain that primitive man considered it
sacred, and it was preserved with th.*
utmost vigilence. The first attempts
at architecture made by man were
probably the rude sheds or shelters
erected to protect the sacred f.ame
from wind and rain. These later
grew into temples and shrines where
the fire was kept burning continu
ously. To have the tribal fire go out
was a great calamity. The difficulty
of securing a new fire with the crude
and clumsy methods of primitive
times, if a chance volcanic fissure in
ine rocks, or a tree in the forest set
ablase by a bolt of lightning were not
available, was such that it led to cer
talh members of the tribe being
charged with the sole duty of Its
The tribal fue was 7 Iernament
fire, and it was the center around
which ad gathered. Feasts in cele
bration of victory, and councils of
war or peace were concluded within
the circle of its radlence.
This t..msauna fire was tiih* nucleus
around which grew up the first
functions of the state. The guard
ians of the fire became the first public
servants and as the state developed
they absorbed other functions and be
came priests and magistrates and even
The rude shed evolved Into a temple
in which the sa.'red fire burne.t. This
wasl the q. :iln and develo,.' : , t ,.f the
Temple of Vesta where the sacred
fire of the Romans was kept burning
1.7 the . \'sial Virgins for, It is s..+dl,
a thousand years.
If by chance, the tribal fire was ex
tinguished, all tribunals al1 authority.
and all public and private business
stopped and remained suspended until
the fire was relighted. When Augus
tus usurped the empire of Rome 1e
aumed the charge of the public fire,
and when he transported it into his
own palace he had to transform it
into public property.
As the tribe Increased, the sam
causes that led to the maintenance of
the permanet fire, caused each family
to have a permanent fire on its hearth
The family as we know it today Is not
the earliest but one of the latest forms
of human association Around Its
hearth grew up the primitive indum
tries by means of which the family
provided the n.cessities of life. name
ly,-food, warmth. clothing and
Here germinated the first crude,
Ideas of the sanctity of the home.
Here was the first departure from the.
promiscuity that was the conmon
custom of the horde, and the begin.
ning of the monogamous relation of
husband and wife.
The family hearth had a recogniz..l
right ofasylurn, a custom that is dis
cernable in the declaration in this late
day that "A man's home is his castle"
If the fire was extinguished it was
considered an adulterous act to bring
fire from a neighbour's. A new fire
muat be made from coals from th"
saered altar, or from the friction of
twigs. It was the duty of the father.
and his alone. as king and high prirest
In his own household to perform this
BeIslde the family hearth, the second
place was taken by the wife and
mother, and it was right here that
the division of labor between the man
and his wife began to be made.
While it was prerogative of the
man to start the fire in their new
home, it can easily be seen that it de
volved on the woman to maintain it
and keep it alive. The necessity of
procuring food for the family would
cause the man to be absent for more
or less prolonged periods during
which time the fire would need atten
tion or it would die out, and this
one of the most Important duties of
the domestic economy devolved up >n
the woman, and the allied domestic
Industries gradually came to be hers.
It must not le supposed that her
position was a free and Indep.,ndent
one. Far from that. Her status was
little, if any, above that of a slave.
Her lord and master had absolute
control over his household. Ills
property consisted of his wife, slaves,
and cattle, and he could Infeict death
on any one of them at his pleasure.
of the Money and Land-Owning KingM
of the Period of the War of the
"UNITED STATES CONSTI
TUTION AND SOCIALISM"
IBY aILAS HOOD
A ,ook of 22 pag, s containing the real truth about our "patriot"
forefathers. It has history not found in our hcsool hooks. These
are. the articl, s which re,.e-ntly ran in the. Social-Democratic lIeradl
and for which the.re as so larg,, a demand that they had to be
printed In book form.
Learn who are the real patriots were then and who the traitors
are now. Adoption of the United States c'onstitution was the r.
suit of a monster conspiracy and eve.ry citizen of America should
know the truth. Woashington ; nd Franklin not spared IHamil
ton and Hancock exposed. White slavery, kidnaping. murder.
debtors prisons and political trickery It Contains Reference List
for Historical Research in Libraries.
Push the sale of this book. It is good propaganda.
Single Coy 10c. 26 Copies $1.75 100 Copies $4.00 Postage Prepaid
We will soon start to publish a daily, probably as early as October 1. 1911.
The bigger the list of sulbcribers for our Weekly, the Socia-Democratlc
Herald, the better for our proposed daily. This list w II form th, haslis or
our circulation for thedaily. We are therefore so anxious to increase our
number of weekly readers that we will send a copy ofthlsbook and the Hecr
aid for five weeks to four different persons. and a copy of the book to you
for just one-half the pr cce of the books. 25 Cents.
Mllwaukee Social-Democratic Publishing Company.
528-530 lChestnutlt tret MILWAUKEE, 1VI$.
HEADQUARTERS FO)IR UNION PRIINTING.
GRAHAM i HAZLET , P Iubllherh.
Comrades and Brother:
We desire to call your attention to the printing office of the
Montana News. We do all kinds of printing for labor
ºrganisations, Constitutions, By-Laws, Letter Heads, Envelopes
Working Cards, all stationary and printed material used by
The Montana News is the only paper in the Rocky Mountain
states that advocates the right of labor at all times and in all
places. Regardless of what the grelvences may be we stand
by the strikers in the struggle of the union against the
corporations. In more than one instance we have turned
public opinion In favor of the strikers, and in more than one
city and camp have we made the union label respected.
The Montana News is supported exclusively by the workers
and the profits from job work of the labor organisations of
Montana, Wyoming. Idaho and Utah.
Perhaps your union has not required the assistance of any
paper in times of trouble, but rest assured, should you
organization ever become involved in a strike; the Montana
News will be found on your side and ready to give all the
assistance that press and pen can do to win the strike.
A labor press should be built up, and we need your assistance
will you send us your order for the printing of your union?
Why support print shops whose paper attack you or treat
your cause with silene and indilemtnºº when you are involve.
In a strike?
L ! " The capitalists know the power of the press and control
, the papers accordingly.
. . Should your union require anything in the line of printing
I(: (ive us a chance to bid on same. Ask us for our prices.
- We may charge higher than scab shops, but we pay all ex
press charges on packages sent out. Remember we are the
-. headquarters for Union Printing In the Northwest and the
shop that h..a made the Union Label respected.
No work leaves our shop that does not bear the Union
Label. None but Union men employed.
Hoping to be favored by the patronage and support of your
Woman's social status was low be
cause her value as an economic factor
was low. This was a condition forced
upon her by the brutal social environ
ment of the past out of which a new
social order was slowly evolving. The
flerce struggle by primitive man
against the forces of nature was char
acterized by intermittent periods of
want and starvation. During the
hunting stage of human deveopments.
woman was more or less a burden
and inconveni,nce. In the pursuit of
game she was never as swift and agile
as man, and especially was this true
during her periods of pregnancy The
hurden placed upon her by nature of
,reserving the race from extinction
placed her at a disaldvantage com
pared with man.
If you are opposed to the State
S.al, herding law, sign the demand
for a referendlum on the same.
To cure and read the next issue of
the Montana News. Order a bundle
and get your neighbour to reading it.
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