_ I rMONTANA NEWS LIi
vO . IL , ,iA, MONTANA, W AT, JULY x7, 1911. NO. 39.
A BIG GRAFT
Lawyers Makes A Rich Haul.
A New Military Law
(By National Socialist Prom.)
Washlinton, D. C.--The trust burt.
leg campaign of the Department of
Justie has oast the Government ever
$.0e00.000 to the last toe yers. Not
a trust has been bested either.
Aeeording to a report just furn.shed
to the House Committee on Dupend
ture in the Department of Justice.,
the department paid to "apeýal" as
slstant prosseutors 61.11.,483 from
1900 to 1311. The regular assistants
during the amm period reeolved In
linoo the wily Wlckersham beenme
the chief "trust-buoter" this gentle
art became a business proposition as
well as politloat vote-getter. For In
stance, there is Frank B. Kellog, the
legal luminary that "busted" the
Standard Oil trust and who Is ale an
attorney of the Steel Trust,
From September $0, 1.?0. to Feb
ruary ,. 1911, Kellosg resotved $0S,
000 for his butng ob. Another
• peel'al" aousel. . B. MReynoUds.
resolved $0t.000 for "buetlng" the
Tebeeoe tmue These 'poeI sad
many others also turned In expense
aseounts which have broken all re
McReynolds, for instanee. got 010
a day for "mubsistmee, after railroad
sad Pulam fare had booe paid for
seperatety. None of thee egat gem
tisme turaed In Itemised e-speose a
osa as the law require
These ."apeela were formely re
gular employes of the department at
year" salaries. As soon as a trust
bsting job would emm. alongs, a reg
ular would resign ad the obliging
Wichersham would then appoint him
as a special. Needless to sy, the
peel fees were muok larger than
the rearly alarie
The other day George W. Perklns
head of the finance oommittee of the
steel trust, called on WikLersham
kth have deedaed to demm the per
peos of the finanier's visit. But It le
thought that they discused the ex.
peoted truat-burting alt against the
eome people hero are of the opinion
that Perklns euggested the name of
a god "upecial" to do the job. Kel
ltoe. of couree. has become dequall
fled stnoe t beeame known that he
ti on the pay roll of the steel Trust
New Mnmmny lfw prope.l
Repreestative Hay, a democrst
from Virginia, has introduced a bill
in the house with this catchy tlUe.
"to decrease the espeose and Increae
the effletency of the army." Being
chairman of the committee on military
affairs Hay has already hed a few
hearlnge on his bill and is grasing
the way for its passage.
To Make Weskem E hot
The Hay measure provide for the
aboliton of the ,.000 civilian jobs In
the army and in their places put
5,000 soldiers. This bill will compel
army mechansn sand aborerrs to enlist
In order to be able to retain their
Not only will the Hay measure com
pel 5,000 soldiers do the work of 6.00o
eivilians laborers, but the soldiers will
be forood to work any number of
hours at miserable wages This bill
wilt also Increase the fighting force
of the army, a the soldier-mechanics
will be called upon to murder and
maim just as any other members of
War Office Manum
It is sad that the Hay bill was
framed by the office of the quarter
master general of the war department
eneral Alehir, oblchie of that office.
has speared before the oommittee on
mlitary affair sand enthusianticlly
uapported the Hay measure.
He told the committee that ad
*uropean countries have no oivllians
lolUg work for the army, and that
therefore the United States ought to
stop paying money to men wjo refurse
"to don the uniform." According'
to Geneal Ales.re, soldiers an be
compelled to do more work and at
lower wages than can be had from
It Hay'. bil is paed 6,00O men
will be thrown out of work. omene
of these men have grown gray L the
service of the government and ean
not even enUlet under the proposed
law because of their age.
Throughout the oeuntry the forts
are urnornded by aie eottages in
which happy families are now living.
but who are ust beginningal to realile
that their homes are threatened. They
tre learning that their breadwlinners
must desert their homes and live with
in the forts the lives of soldiers it
they are to work for the government
Demeams sires laber
It should be noted that a domoorat
i the champnon of a measure that
alme at increalsn the army, disem
ploying .9O0 laborers and exploting
skilled workers after they have en
it should also be noted that while
this bill is about to be reporte faver
ably to the house not a capitalist
paper has pubi.ed a Use rUsgardg
this NIlatent meu#r
After havig bitterly opposed a
raise in the pay o the ru tral carriers
solemnly anounose that he has decid
Postmaster General UHtooock now
ed to give these postal employer an
increase of 1N a year.
As a matter o f ot Congrem at
the ast semies enacted a law giving
the rural carriers that inmrease and
it was meadatory on the Postmaster
Oeneal to earry out that law. Hitch
-oek fought that Increas at the last
The reaon for Hitchcock turning
this semeoaelt it that he has larned
that it is good politics to be friendly
wih the rura earners. The men who
carry mall to the lonesome farms.
as a ul disem politioal matters with
nearly every person they meet. Un
like their city brothers the carrier.
these rura postal emploes have no
spies to fear.
Now the sfrmer' votes are badly
waatid by the republican party. Aan
be it remembered that Hitchook ir
the real head of the republican nation
So for this reason the Monday
morning papers, which are usually d.h
on news were handed a ream of
"dope" onea Hlthcoek's benevolen.e
to the downtrodden rural carriers.
The city and railway postal employee
don't count mueh politically. cones
pueatt Hitchooek has no use for them.
"PwlOOUla NOT mP TO RWULE."
The Amerloan people cannot be
trusted and are unfit Lo 1canage their
This is the gist of a iong speech
delivered by Senator Sutherland, of
Utah. against the "reall teatu. of
the proposed Arisona constitution.
Sutherland is an aristocrst He trank
ly advocates the theory of "superior
brains." He believes some men are
fit to rule. The rest ought to be gov
erned for their own good.
The Utah Senator is a trained re
actionary. Unlike Senator Heyburn.
of Idaho Sutherlnd is a logoclan and
an able speaker. When Sutherland
takes the flor, the senile atandpatters
of the eastern states turn their bloat.
ed faces beaming with admiration to
ward the direction of the Tory Sena.
tor from the West. And Sutherland
never disappoints them. e is "sane."
Sutherland's argument is that the
people should phik out the "ablest"
to run the goverpm.nt. lat the
"pickig" should be deo unader the
present rules. The inititive and ret
Sadam un soaid would male emo
cleat government difficult, If amt Im
Whiho mesas that the rectienPary
Southerland Inwardly fears that a new
poUltlt oel atem would deprive peold
e.s like himsel the opportunitles
they now have to rule and to eple.
It Is now about four months nloew
the naty-seesa Congres ooeavyed
Ibut still not a labor bill has ov ees bees
reported out of a eommittee in either
The House is controlled by demo
crat. The Senate is controiled by re
puble.sas. Both parties are to blame.
The House Committee on Liasr I.
headed by Repre.ematolve Wlip,. of
Ponasyivaala, Wilson Is as elahbor
leader and stands high In the seusel
of the present adminlstraties e( the
American PFedration of Labor Tot
Wilson has not reported out a dnagle
Why? Wilson e a• demoorat.
Wilson sets his orders from Repre
se-tative Underwood. leader at the
democrats In the House. Aad dher
wood is an employer of laber sad a
very rich man.
The other day Underweeood mested
on the floor of the Rese tha he
had Instructed all committee abar
men not to report say bill ntil
ordered oherwise. And Widaes is a
democrat first. He obeys.
Four months have passed sa yet
there Is not the slightest. IMlsalons
that Congress s to easider say In
junction legl.ation. and yet eur the
lack of such legIslation labor mn are
being seat to jail every day.
As to the other soecalled m"ae.
card men" In Congress one hia to
have a printed last before his eyes to
distinguish them from the ether re
presentatives. They are l Ceagress
as republicans and democaets, sad sot
a spectator the galleries knews that
they are anything else.
From the standpoint ot the A. T.
of L feeders the meet vital meaures
now pending before COes are
those regulatin Ijlajneesus emmpt
I.g unions trem the sepas o the
antl-trust laws. sad stabl a . a .
erai eight hor dayw. AU (M g esn
u rs Is n a el 41 9 5umke
From the Socialist poinat ot view
these measures. while Importsat and
necessary, are net aggreve enugh.
To have thee bills eMeted into law
organised lbor would only return to
Governor Revokes Dishonor
able Discharge of Fischl
Is There Graft?
The work o Captain Travis In giving
Louis lischl a dishonorable discharge
from the militia has been annuled.
by Governor Norris, who revoked the
dishonorable discharge given the kid
by the military bully.
Travis it wid be remembered con
stituted himself into a whole court.
martial, and proceeded to dole out
mlUtary unjustice by canning a kid
from the mlltia. and at the same
time doing all in his power to ruin the
boy's future in life.
A dishonorable discharge from the
army or militia carries with it the
loss of oltsenshlp, and when Travis
gave the dishonorable discharge to the
1t year old kid whom he cajoled in
to the mllitia, he put the boy in the
same postion as a foreign born China
With dishonorable discharge again
st his character, Louis Fiachl would
never be able to exercise his right
of franchise, he would not be allowed
to vote when be reached the age of
31, neither could he at asne a juror In
any court, or even take up a home
stead Ina the United States. Born and
raised In Montana, and with a good
education for his age, he was damned,
he was outlawed, all his civil rights
"- oondltions eslnjMa pretr to 1812
oe even to return to ooeditions uf
th.se days seems to be an imposible
-at for the "A. P. of L polcy" poll
While the demoorate have received
the support of the A. F. of L they aru
here representing mall bualness men.
the middle class. And consequently
they are now tinkerieg with the tariff.
Labor legislation Is a side isue, some
"thLs to "consider" when all other
bie had been passed.
On the other hand 75 per cent of
-Ueslalst Representative Berger's time
es tar has been devoted to labor leg
Latlon, and the rest of his time to
matters of general lateres.
Unemployed workers of the South
western States are appealing to Berger
to use whatever Influence he has in
stepping the importation of contract
labor from Mexloo by the American
railroad companies Berger has taken
up the matter with the Bureau of
In a letter to Daniel J. Keefe. Com
missioner-General of Immigration,
Berger tells of the complaints he has
recelved, and asks Keete if he has
"any information bearing upon these
serious charges of the violation of the
alien contract labor nws."
According to the complaint received
by Berger over 3,000 Mexican laborers
have been imported the last few days
by the railroad compaales of Arisona
arrives over the Mexican Central rail
and California. Every train that
read at Juares brings about 300 men
who come across to 3l Paso without
Interference from United States au.
A southwestern newspaper states
that these Mexlcan Immigrants "are
furnished free transportation to th.
points where wanted-but not back."
Another newspaper says.
"There is no need of laborers In
the southwest, as this section is al
ready over run with idle mechanics.
They benefit no one excepting the
railroads In keeping down wages.
"They do not spend a dime for mer
ehandlse with local merchants, for
the are compeded to buy all their
suplies rom their employers 'com
mssary.' and at four prices, so that
the eenmmiary abserbo every nickel
of their wages aeeh month.
"When their employment comes to
n end they generally find themselves
several hundred miles from El Paso.
witheet transportation and flat
taken away from hiam before he
reached his manhood, and all this
doee by a military bully, with thn
mind and disposition of a Cur.
A midltary bully--a working man.
clothed in khaki, with the temporary
authority of captain of a militia com
peaybecomes intoxicated by power.
Imagine. himself a Daniel come to
Judgement. and begins issuing decrees
that would out do a Caesar in Ancient
What would a man like this do
at the head of a company of scab
herders. it ordered to break astrike.
But the judgment of this modern
Dealel has been reversed.
The Flishl boy did not swallow the
d.ep handed out to him by Captain
Trivais but with the assistance of his
bfrieds appealed the case to Governor
eOrris, and the governor realizing
the ridl.clousness of Captain Travis'
private, solitaire court martial revok
ed the dishonorable discharge given
the boy and transfered him from com
pany 0, to the hospital corps, and thus
the mighty Caesar and modern Danil
rgolved a fall.
Another case has been reported of
(Continued on Page 3.)
The Savages Continue Torture
Child Injured By The
(By National Socialist Press.)
Los Angeles, Cal., July 22-John J.
McNamara sends the ollowlng greet
tin through the National Bocialist
Press to the workers who are so deep
ly interested in his welfare and the
progress of the battle on the Pacific
"Give a word of greeting to my
comrades in the field. Tell them I
am never for a moment unmindful
of their kindly interests, their efforts
and their work. We are all fighting
for our cause, each In his own place.
At present my place is not the most
pleasant but I know that much good
is to come out of this by knitting
the working class together. It as
through solidarity that labor will win
its battles and come Into its own
'Tell my brothers to keep up the
work of education, and agitation to
the end that our struggle will result
in emancipation of the workers. Keep
something doing all the time and we
will win in the end."
John J. McNamara looks strong and
robust. Despite the fact he takes
daily exercise and works to keep in
trim, he and his brother James are
gaining In flesh and are philosophical
ly making the best of their surround
ings in the county jail.
"I have scarecely written a line
today." said John in speaking of the
constant stream of visitors that pour
ed into the county jail all day to see
the McNamara boys. The secretary
of the Bridge and Stnactural Iron
Workers Union spends much of his
time writing and devotes his spare
moments to reading and maklng
notes He is closely watching every
move of the attorney for the defense
and the action oft he court. No detail
of the proceedings is not watched and
understood by him. He explains the
finer points to his brtoher Jim.
finer points tohls brother Jim.
'"We will be ready when the triar
opens and we are eager for the fray.
Tell the boys everything is going as
well as could be expected but we must
win this fight for labor," was the
final word of the big, handsome sec
rotary as he turned to greet a party
of friends who had Just arrived.
Claence Darrow and Lecompte Day.
Is of the defence have gone to San
Franclseco and it is likely the former
will make a trip to Chicago before
he returns to Los Angeles. Job Har
riman and Joseph Scott are handling
the multipllcity of details in Los An
geles and it is believed the defense
will have a much stronger case when
the time for trial arrives
The failure of the district attorney
to get Mrs. Emma McManigal put In
to Jail or to force her to testify be.
fore the grand Jury was a serious
blow to the prosecution.
The woman broke down and came
near dying in the corridor of the
courthouse on Monday after the or
deal of hearing the assistant prose
cutor plead to have her sent to prison
for her refusal to answer questions
propounded by the labor-hating mem
bers of the grand jury. Th judges
decision to the effect she need not
testify in cases where Indictments
have already been returned, was
based on good law as well as good
Public sympathy took such a decid
ed swing in favor of the defense after
the facts became public of the torture
of Mrs. McManigal that the prosecu
tors became alarmed. Mrs. Mc Man
igal's troubles have scarcely ceased a
moment since she arrived In Los An
geles. She was tortured into insensi
bility in the grand jury anti-room,
then while the protrated woman was
on the way home the brutal Burns
operatives who had given her the,
"third degree" contrived to cause a
collision between their automobile
and the one in which the physician
was taking the woman to herhome.
On Sunday night a Burns automobilo
which had been following the McMan
Igal party ran down little Eyelyn Mc
Manigal and seriously injured her.
The detectives machine was running
without lights and it was a wonder
the child was not killed.
George Behme, uncle of Ortle Me
Manigal is in Los Angeles and he has
paid two visits to his nephew. Behme
is a locomotive engineer from Portage
WIs. He says the story told by Ortie
is fantastic and that he can disprove
a part of it; that Ortie was with him
at the time some of the dynamiting
was alleged to have been done by him.
Behme declares Ortle acts strangely
as if his mind were affected or that
he is strangely Influenced in some
manner. He is convinced the detec
tives are wielding a mysterious power
over the young man and that he is
weak enough to yelld to the Burns
Mrs. McManigal says she will visit
her husband no more as it seems to be
a futile task to try to persuade him to
tell the truth abou the whole affair
She had hoped hat he would abandon
the Burns outfit and teda the whole
truth about the Influence the "oper.
atives" are exerting over her husband.
She believes he could shed a great
light on the methods of the Burns
Ortie McManigal has lost 18 pounds
in weight since his confinement in
Los Angeles county jail. He is thin
gaunt and has a hunted look. No
one but the Burns' man McLaria
spends a couple of hours daily with
the self-alleged dynamiter. It is the
common expression among newspaper
men and oficials at the Jail that Ortlo
is "getting his daiy lesson" when Mc
Larin calls. Operative Mills, head of
the local Burns headquarters declares
he was working for the Plnkertons
during the Moyer-Haywood-Pettibone
case. He knew Harry Orchard well.
In comparing the two "confessers"
he says Ortle McManigal is a much
beter subject than the notorious and
discredited Boise stool-pigeon. Mills
says Ortle will stand pat and stick to
the story agreed on and that there is
little danger of their man weakening.
Mills has spent much of his time
following Mrs. McManigal and, ac
cording to the attorneys for the de
fense, devising new ways of torment
ing the women and her little children
One feature of the case, devised
with devilish ingenuity, developed
when Ortle McManlgal was put in a
cell on the side of the Jail overlooking
the Temple street entrance to the
court house. It was hoped he could
shout at his wife as she passed on
her way to answer to a charge of
contempt of court. She went into the
building by another entrance and the
prisoner clung to the bars peering in
Saln onto the paved street below.
After her ordeal in the courtroom
the woman was assisted to the door.
Emus Bing from the Temple street en
trance the woman fainted and fell on
the steps Ortie saw her fall and he
shrieked like a madman. The pris
oner rushed to his cell door and shook
it fiercely shouting for the Jailor to
see what was the matter with his wife
The woman was picked up and car
rled inside the court house and out
the other entrance and taken away
in a physicians automobile. It took
hours to convince McManigal that the
woman had not died under the tor
ment of the detective and the prose.
McManlgal's health is breaking
badly and it is known the detectives
are afraid he will give way mentally
before the trial opens.
Burns operatives here are almost at
a point of rebellion. They say their
(Continued on fourth page.)
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