Newspaper Page Text
GRAHAM & HAZLNTT. PubULhhe urFpICU I1 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 908 tMtenr at the Poet OIoe for trma salem through the mail at mooad aeli rawe UB. R I[TMION st one Teo ..................... ee MI Months ................... eI During the ast few weeks mnay let ters have been received at the News office, containing words of encourage ment and apreciation of the work that the News is doing in forcing the mll Itla law to a referendum, and the other work that is being carried on by the News in the battle of the work ers against exploitation It is very pleasing to know that the efforts being made In this office I. so widely appreciated. The task of maintaining a sociallst paper is very difficult, the obetacles to be overcome are many, great is the opposition to be met from the habitual knocker, who is moved by petty jealotasy and spite, and from those who benefit by the present order of things. Condition in Montana politics are rotten, a great many exposures can be made and should be made, but the Montana News is not in a position to make the necessary investigations, not in financial circumstances to do the work, although we hope to be soon where we can work to advantage. One of the difficuties to be met with at present is, a mortgage on the machinery of the News., which we are trying to lift. We need to raise $1.200 in order to wipe out the mort gage. We have not long to raise this amount in. and to those who belelve that the News is doing good work, .Who have faith in the News that it will be as fearless In the future as in the past. indeallng with the pro hlems that effect the workers, we will ask some assistance, not in the form of donations, but a little effort, a little time to sollct subscriptions for the News. If we can add 2,500 new subscribers In the next sixty days, we will be safe, and the mortgage will be wiped out. A little work on the part of its friends can put the News on its feet. Nearly all of yoa can send in one sub each week, some of you can send in six subs a week, but every subscript ion counts and we sincerely hope that an effort wiLl be made by the friends and suporters of the News to assist us at this time. A Socialist paper is required in Montana, one that can deliver the goods, and the Montana News has de livered the goods, can deliver the goods, and will deliver the goods. The fight we have made against the militia law has aroused the wage slaves of Montana In revolt, and has done more than any other in years to direct the working class of Montana towards the Socialist movement. The great mass of railroad men In Montana who have been indifferent to the Socialist propaganda are being aroused by the expose of the militia Law and the railroad men hold the key to the social revolution, and to socialist political vbitory in this state. With he reapportionment of legis lative representation in Mantana. present indications are that, exclusive of SBlver Bow county, there will be from 10 to 12 Socialists in the next legislature. including one or three state senators Such is the present outlook, but there is work to be done, what ad vantages we now hold must be added to, and the success that present con ditions Indicate can only be achieved by the Socialists of this state, provided they use good judgement, and take advantage of present opportunities. To carry on the work a Socialist paper must be sustained, there is room for other Socialist papers in the state, but, the Montana News has a speciality of its own, and is in poe. session of data onlocal conditions that very few Socialist editors are fortun ate enough to have The News itf taken out of the fin ancial tightness that surrounds it, a steady attack will be kept up on political corruption, graft in high paces, and the steals of natural re scarees that is now taking place from the people, we can keep this up till the election of November 1912 and help to elect ooiallsts to the legis lature. But what the Montana News pub lishes is of little value unless the paper has a large lrcultlon, there fores, we aush you to ocll on your .eaghbours and get their sub to the News. As yk our tellow workers in shop, mte, mill, facetory and railroad te ssetbe for the News. Help all you osa, every little eouts We need your help and the kolcaltt m-eme.st In Montana needs its 'rl~eadeuht" the Moana News. Prospectus Of History of the Supreme Court of U. S. Bw GUOrWAYW MtIW No established Institution In the United States is more powerful than the National Supreme Court. nor is there any, the actual story of which is esm known or more wrapped in ex alted mystery. Irrespective of what legislatures or Congres or lower courts may do, the nine men composing this court have the power of nullifying or setting aside any law as unconstitutional. Of these men a majority of five can and do dictate what our laws and govern ment and conditions are to be. thus becoming a dictatorial and irresponsi ble body. wayring the welfare of nine ty five millions of peop'e. The ruling class is willing to allow every other instltution political or social to be criticised, but It has ever demanded that the Supreme Court of the United States be held above re proach and above criticism The rea son is obvious. This tribunal has been the most powerful lnstrument of the ruling class, the studied and per sistent podicy of which has been, to proclaim its sacred character and to inculcate popular reverence for It. It is urgently necessary to narrate the facts concerning the Supreme Court as it has been from the start and as it is to.day . This, up to the present has never been done; nothing but eulogistic and flowery accounts have been written. To get the acurate facts Gustavus Myers has had to spend a protracted period in difficult research. The facts however are now obtained. They are not mere nominal facts or those of a superficial character. They are the authentic underlying facts, all taken from court and other public records,. and for the first time will present the actual story of the United States Supreme Court. These facts wid show overwhelmingly and Indisputably the followlng: That the majority of the men who drafted the Constitution of the United Sates, drew it up expressly to safe guard the ruling class and to allow the accomplishment of vast schemes of plunder under color of organic law. That the greater number of those men themselves already deep in schemes of personal plunder, and that Immediately after the government was Control of the Public Schools. By MAY WOOD-BIMONi One institution is already in the hands of public management, that is the public school. But while the pre setn conditions exist we cannot for get that the government, being con. trolled by a ruling clalu, the schools are managed by them. They, through the legislatures and boards of taxation, fix the rates of taxation and the appropriation of funds that shall be used for school purposes. They secure the election and appointment of school boards that decide on courses of study for the children of the people and administer the school affairs. They select and determine the qualil fication of the teachers The funds for the support of schools, one great essential, are theirs to withhold. This they do both in the country and city schools, displaying poorly equipped schools, poorly paid teachers, and de lapidated buildings. In the state of Kansas the tax for school purposes in cities of the sec ond class has been put by the legis lature at not more than nine mills. This is proving a pitifully Inadequate amount and is cutting off the pos sibility for improvements or well paid tional ptogram, It is not alone that the public schools on the material side can have their usefulness crushed out by lack of sufficient financial support, the op posing class also controls the educa program Experts in education are not often elected to school boards but through political manipulation "business men" are put in control. These know little or nothing of the problem of educa tion. One point they do often under stand, that the children ofworkers are to be handled in 'he schools after the factory method at the lowest cost per capita Always In history there has existed class e*ucation. The mnasses have been educated only so far as the rul. Ing class has deemed it necessary to make the toilers a useful subject class. This was true In the Middle Ages, it ia true today Not long ago a member of the d* pi tment of Education In one of ouar large . niverslties said to me, "I some organised, put through still greater schemes of pillage. An abundance of facts hitherto never brought out will be presented That the Supreme Court of the United States was designed to be the arch protector of the lnviolate rights of personal and corporate porperty; that it was designed to be the author atative mandate of the rullng class and has consistently remained so That from its inception, tb su preme court Justices have been men carefully selected because of their wealth, their pows rfui oonnections, their interests, or tehar proved subser viency and buas. For the first time. Comrade Myers will present the de tailed and hitherto unknown facts from the time of John Jay, the first Chief Justice, to Edward D. White the present Incumbent of that office. The facts connected with a great number of the Assoclate Justices will also be brought out. That some of the most important decisions of the Supreme Court decIs lons which have been cited as pre cedents in thousands of cases and which are the literal law to-day have sprung In many instances from the personal Interests of the Judges mak Ing them or of their associates. The real startling history of these Will be fulhy described The facts are oertain to make a great sensation. That the successive Chief Justices have represented the special lanterests of the particular dominant section of the capitalist class of their day. This will be demopstrated in detail and be yond question. That Just as the Supreme Court Judges of early days were interested in great landed estates or schemes to obtain great tracts of land (the land ed interests were then the dominant Interest.) so to-day the majorlty of men of the Supreme Court bench have been attorneys for railroads, banks. and other corporations. Here also the continuous specific details will be given. This work is certain to be of the greatest propaganda value. It will not be mere statement. It will be nothing but the verified facts, with the references from the records for every fact given. times wonder how long the people will submit to having the children mentally destroyed and maimed as they are In the public schools today." And this man was a staunch de fender of the public school. "Quantity" not "quality" education rule. in the schools today and even the quantity the workers' child re ceives is all too small. One day we will be surprised at the mummery we have called education. The pubilc school is the one Insti tution that the Socialist Party must at all times support but we cannot re main blind to its terrible defects that have resulted from clias rule. In Girard. Kansas. the schools have been for years in a most delapidated condition. The children were housed in buildings that would have disgraced a good farm it used for a stable. The heavy taxpayers, represented by their school board, made no move to secure anything better. The children had not even the simp.tst equipment such as maps and dictionaries. Finally the buildings began to crack about the. heads of the children. They were dangerous. Stll nothing was done. At last the Socialists, believing they had sufficient strength to force the matter to an issue, began an Investi gation They carefully went over every building, noted the dangerous cracks and sinking walls and sagging floors ad the prominent tack of equip ment They investigated the use of the funds and the rate of taxation. Then they prepared a series of leaf tets setting forth the facts and put them in the hands of every voter, man and woman, for women have the mun. cipal suffrage, nla the Girard school district. They called a mass meeting at the county building and men and women who had never neared a So. cialiet meeting came to see what wua to be done A petition was ciroulated calling for a specals election to raise bonds to build new bulnglas. The petition was presented to the school board which, was surprised at the arousal of the people, finally voted to ask the mayor to call the election. But Girard had a republican mayor and city corm a loneta,- * b one the oemage. aos m ed Uo ame*M-. and eI election was net ealed. Then a um1. sleetioo of of flno was hold mIemb ater and the werham eem5leas of their class later este, at h elmted a seel t mnagr. Now the all tot the electoon of the school bend he bees posted by the Scia.nst mayor. What has happened In this oaue can happen in a hundred more. When Comrade eals went in as mayor of tndsay, Ontario, less thas a year ago the first thing he did was to have a bond for several thousand dollars vot. ed to bud schbools for the children of the people. He said to me recently while I was in Canada, "For years the common schoolls have reoeived no attentio from this city. The child ren were housed in posetively dirty barracks. A pittiful tow of the work. ers' children ever et beyond the first few oreems and the money was all ex pended on the higher collegiate in. titutions where the child of the well to do alone eeuld go." In many plaoes Socialists are serv. lan on school boards There will be hundreds more in these positions be fore anMther five years, and it is of the first importance that there should be deflnite Ideas of necessary changes In the schools. There are not only questions of ad mlaietration but questions of ped agegO that must be handled by these Socialist officials. No more Important thing exists than the formlng of future citizens This work is partly at least in the hands of the school. Its function shouldbe to make boys and girls into the best possible social agents, to fit them for useful work. and enable them to speed their leisure In ,a way that will ,dd strength and growth to their powers. The locialists will find that there is much that they must reconstruct in the public school. At least there are certain things that must be aimed St by every Socladlt eleoted to a poe tlon on a schoolboard. 1. Skffelent well equipped build Ings with out door cshools for the weak children and oreful medical lanspect IoL 2. An increase in the number of chlldren Ia the hands of each and as urin grearter individual attention. . lay grounds and gardens at tached to all schools and manual training equipment provided. Voca toiat training furnished by public schods. 4. peial attention to sub-normal and eceeptionally bright children. 5. An Investigation of the methods used. A child's individuality and power to act nladependently can be crushed easily through wrong meth. ods. . The best teachers at thq best wage that cau be secured. 7. An advisory council of the teachers that shall asist in making out courses of study and advising on the general management of the amehad 55500L 8. Grater use of the school build iua as. social centers, and greater co-operation between the schools and the parents 3. The largest appropriatlonts that can be secured for the support of the schools. 10. An nlavestgation of the school books used and the seleUtion of the best that can be secured 11. The feeding of children, and bathes to assure cleanlness. 12. Continuation schools in con aoction with the public schools sys tem but it should be arranged that the persons under eighteen years work In the tontinuation school should be car. red on in the day and not in night shoo*. 18. Weli equipped laboratories for soientific courses In the high schools. HE RZFERENUVJ. The signatures for the referendum on the militia law are climbing up and it the good work keeps on the referendum will be secured The boys at Basin have filed a ~nge list of names during the past week with the Clerk and Recorder of olt. ferso county and there have been 100 ameos more than the.required It per cost boon filed with the Clerk and Raeorder of Deer Lodge county. Other places report activity and It is hoped that drting the coming week a few mere ounties will file petitions with the required 15 per oent of the voter' names attached. very person having petitions sheod get native and see that every algnmaure poethbl is neared and the petitols filed at a oearly date In or de tat we may know what eoruties to aomssrate our efforts en, at the flnb to asen the reuired toeta number of ames bewil resolved. Remember this Is the first time that a demand hes beo made fer a teter. adim In MOatasM sad we aspt be seemd u. thene must be aso smo an Mes taleu . at nebshue miltl laMw Is mea emarageass ha mo.t people Imagine Therefor put en am oeas spurt amd get the toe.eadnm poetitions filed at onee. WAR-WAT YOU? DO YOU KNOW that la one sigle eampaign of Napoleon's over 150,000 boys under 30 years of age were dee troyed ? S. DO YOU KNOW why there were no offieers on board the battleshp Maine when she was blown up? DO YOU KNOW that a modern Oat. ting gun can be fired from 000 to 1,800 times per minute-and, by an electri cal attachment, even 3,00 per min ute? That artillery Is now over 12t times more effective than It was even in the hideous battles of the Fral.o Prumlan War Id 1870? DO YOU XONW that In the Russian. Jananees war, regiments of men and boys were forced to charge ten times up a hilslde swept by bateries of Gatling guns and that the men and boys fell down in heaps and moonds four and five deep, some of the poor fellows receiving seventy bullet wounds-almost torn to shreds? DO YOU KNOW why well.known American Army officers have bitterly cursed this book, WAR-WHAT FOR? (They have been heard doing so.) DO YOU KNOW that a first case modern rifle will force a bullet through 0o one Inch pine boards; that the Danish "Rexer" rifle can be fired 300 times per minute; and that a modern galling gun will tear a board fence to pleoes a mile away in saz mlnutes? DO YOU KNOW that the red-stain ed god of war Mars, in the civillsed wars of one hundred aend ten years following 1780, drank, night and day, two galknns of human blood every 30 minutes? That blood ran down the hill In streams away from the heape of dead and wounded at Port Arthur? DO YOU KNOW that one "Dread nought" battleship costs as much as the ofttcially estimated total value of all the books in all the libraries of 404 leading colleges and unversities In the United States? DO YOU KNOW that the Amerlcan Soldier's ration is officially estimated to cost asi and two thirds eonts each? And that the Government has hunted the runaway boys, In the last three years, as if they wre wild beasts, of fering 850. a bead for their capture? and that suicide In the American army was 38 times greater in 1000 than in 1007? (Official evidence in War-What For?) DO YOU KNOW that soldier life so surprises and sickens the soldier boys that over halt of ad the several thousand annual desertions are by boys In the first year of their service and that many more than half of thes first-year desertions are by boys in the first six months of their ser vice? (Official evidence In WAR WHAT FOR?) DO YOU KNOW that President Taft, when Secretary of War. sneer ingly said in his official report that "the life of the soldier as at present constituted, Is notone to attract the best and most desirable class of en listed men." And that it was propos. ed, in the same report, to make the life attractive by improving the fare of the soldiers and that It was urged (quoting from his report): "Butter, THE OLYMPIAN THE COLUMBIAN THE ALL "STEEL" TRAINS-THE "SAFE" TRAINS VIA THU Chicago, Milwaukee & Puget Sound Ry. AND THN Chicago, MilWaakee & St. Paul Ry. Speclally oonstr.cted "AIt-Irt" e' Standard sleeping and tourist cars of the world-famed "aon(ger-HighorWider " berth variety. Steel dining carsr luurliously furnashed. A service of the very hghest cla, and a cuisulne that offers the eholeut and best that the market afford. If you west to travel east or west the safest and shortest way, as well as the way of greatest pleasur take one et thee new standard flyers. LOW SlIrINER EXCURSION now In lftest to practcally all ponlat Nost and .n the Paelfgl Leas assum aaes..edae mol ºpe Detales dalrnmalon regarieg "e% Trrain 4Slie, to.., eheerflly turamhed. W. 1P. NWAR. W A .a. P A. Alm, Ih Ams U ael as s. W. Uaumma. mesrei Pta..r hM mlak and melsemi or Wpra at least, shou4 be added to the arrsea ra tiol These artiles are almost nee. emawr In the prepartatl. of desrrt". Do y.n kLow what kind of a man Aoe present CommanderJlnChlef es pected to tease ito the servie with phimmed milk and molaes or cheap srtup? Could hib se be tricked with milk and molmses or syrup? (Full dlscusnlon ia WAR-WHAT FAR?) WAR--WHAT rO3R? Is a hand some, sold-stamped, high-grade cloth. bound, double-backed book, printed In ueasy open type on high quality paper, xs Inohes in sme. The book contaotins 3t5 pages; 12 chapters; 13 Intensely interesting full-pere pictures (three powerful half-tones); several literary photographs of hell; trenchant discus. don of every phase of war, mdltarlsm, and sooial struggle; more than a dos. on strong passaes for school and en tertainment declamations; over 380 oltations and quotations from author. Itles; bibliography; numerous maugest ions for promotlang the propaganda sgalnst war and capitallsm; an abun dance of material for lectures on war, mldtarlsm, the claus struggle, capital ian, soialism, and the history of the working clas. A book of this lsoe, stock, binding, and richness of Ulus tration is usually mold at $1.50 to 8.0e Can be had from the Montana News for $1,20 pootpaid. After committlng some ordinary piece of thievery, it is a customary thing for a capitalist to have a law puassed making that outrageous act legal. Be sure and yead the next issue of the Montana News Order a bundle ard get your neighbour to read it. Have you signed the petition for the referendum on the Donohue Militia An desses at labor as wee as beus lam and cmewarde I1 endsemaa --nnlud -ab amodslseim to adve-- ~l r welbs.. he tmem ar the damw that s not elained ar m-amm p.rctleen. Even the hbeass e the aid as well a the hunma thma pre - the bnews is esoalemd seU psses elm. It h time that the rars wmre -aunisd 6s ae mmles to sse o te bonueas and pemodises that can enly *begas by Msn net mmbegre - ues-- a ftises miesmt an l - 8 el or egamlne, can be had by mnsdirg a loer f Isqu4 y r- a Isucaw l.r oa N tnO n ae Sor rwn. DeN oat 11 -na THE lSEAVTIFUKIAJtL MARK PIN Exact model of orilinal pin worn by Marx. and now in possession of Comrade French of Washington. D. C. Reg Ifa. devices, beautifully enamell. ed. Solid, durable and handsome. S2 cents each. Five for One Dollar.' Worn by thousands of Socialists. Spec al bargains In books and leaf lets on Socialism.. Send for Price list. Wllshlre Book Company. 113 East 36th Street, NEW YORK "Clearing House for all Socialist - Literature."