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Montana news. [volume] (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, October 19, 1911, Image 2

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ISUED WEEKLY.
OFFICE 19 PARK AV. P. O. BOX 300
Ratered at the Poet Omce for trans
mlam-on through the mall at second
eleas ratw
8UBSCRIPTIONS:
One Year ................... Ikee
ms Months ................... t3
SEIE:'I WF:.-TIII"RE:1) THE (GALE
Iuirl.g the past few months tli?
Mt:it tini News has been in a fi:alu
i . i r. r, but we are happy to t1ay
.al.r ,w have safely passed the crisis.
last Saturday was the day that w\e
Il., ti make good. liti notes wi ri
fiii t and now the fututr, of the Mont
.Ilia N. s is assured, tand we will go
iih .1i tlnd 'e fi ll st.lll
Whil. wei has' met the issue su:
er .-fl''. w miust not Ilt up in our
, :ts ti , piut the N, \s on a soundl
The" r is a erat fluht to be made
1 t"l ti ihet, tw *n ' :it lass c'an achieve
;nl thin' lilk a slutl.ti ati.l \ itory In
,I cre ut fihtlh.n pr .. or laid out he
,r., it, to hi s..tetss .ll we nel] oJur
aid Itw build up the cireulation WIVth
a larg, circultathln the Montana News
will h, ale to, assist In aceomplish
inug considerable for the benefit of th.
, a3. w' irki rs in Montana.
SO d Ai4ISTS ON'PORTIN ITT
The Soclalsta of Montana have a
.great opportunity before them, and if
they fall to grasp this opportunity and
make good, they will be criminalhy
neJllligent.
The reapportionment bill passed by
the last legislature, is more favorable
to he Socialist Party than to either of
the old parties, and advances the pos
siliti.s of tle Socialists breaking into
the legislature considerable.
The counties in which the Socialist
vote is high the representation i.In
creased and in those counties In which
th Socilalist vote is weak, the repre
sentation is decreased. This state
of affairs is not brought about by the
old parties in order to favor Bocialism,
but is caused by the tide of imml
igration, the new comers having a
large percentage of Socialists amonl
them, and where the new settlers are
locating the Socaliast vote wldIincrease
The counties setled exclusively by
the old potneers are the ones in which
the Socialist vote is small.
WLth such a condLtlon is this, the
Socialist party shou.d concentrate its
efforts In the districts In which the
Socialists can be elected to the legea
lature.
It is In the legslature that the work
must be done before anything of con
sequence in the Socialist platform can
be accomplished.
Another matter of importance that
shou.d not be overlooked by the So
cialists f Montana, and that is the new
countlea.
With the division of countles and
the creating of new ones, gives the
Sociallsts a greater opportunity to
elect members to the sate senate.
The new county of Musselshell hiu
a larKg, number of Socialists within .'4
houndries, but very poor party organ
zatilon.
There is to be a special election in
the i.ortlern part of the state, in
(t'huttau county on the question of
creating H1l11 county.
In the plropos d new county are a
lari, numrter of Socialists, but only
,n- small ;ocal in Havre. The So
I:.-,t .n th.. proposed new county, are
n,, nlw comers, and should be or.
SrI at once. With a strong or
t. r.t n n these new counties the
, ..-ts st.n1 a show to win in the
Th". c.r.atu.n a' new counties is
• r ,.1, to th. Focalist Party, as the
IpI ..l .-l achinry of the old parties
are never efficienty organized in the
n, % ,'.unti.., and with a g,tod active
, ampaign of organisatlion and educa
tiLn in the n,.w counties, the Socialists
hate few obstacles to overciome at
the first election, and the party cap
turing the new countl s at the first
,l+ction. usually holds the county f~r
years.
"'he state organlzstilon should 1Ove
c.,nsidrabl, attention during the win
ter months to organization in the dis.
trli-ts that can be carled by the Social
ists .legislative ticket a he next eieclon.
THE TRUST ON A FARM.
One of the most interesting exhibits
at the Montana State Fair recently
held in Helena, was in the cattle sheds
and was an exhibition of thorough
bred Hereford sattle from Glenbrook
farm, which is cwned by the Amal
gamated (opper company, in Deer
Lclge c, inty.
Thri live stock exhibit of the Amal
mated Copper company composed 10
per cent of the total cattle exhibits
at the fair, and he oopper collar
(Amalgamated) cattle captured the
blue ribbon in every claus. There
were no favoritism shown the Amal
*-amated copper company, for the cat
the from the Amalgamatep Oopper
company's farm were superb, perfect
specimans of the Hereford breed.
The Amalgamated Copper company
is owned by the Standard O11 interests,
and It is clearly seen that they intend
going into farming on the large scale
in Montana.
The cattle exhibited by the Amal
gamated Coppe'r company were mark
4.l For Sal8". This ~ould indloate
that the Amalgamated is going into the
tusiness of raising ".orough bred
stolk, to be sold to farmers fur breed
ing purpies,. and clearly marks a
new tre nd in trust deeilopmn nt in
Montana.
Ei.o!ulion of the I~r.
The inroads that are being made
by wuomai into the trades and occu
p.itolns a aitonishinng when une con
temnplates it, espec'ially as these trade.
Il t . al, till r c111 tll) con.Lid.,red the
s.i t.i fl nt u I I Men.
T' n y, ars ago a woman was ad
nitted into nLinIb. rI.hip in the mach
tnois' union, She as reecll ing the
nin llllllUl l rate Il wages paid niach
iiiists in the district sih.. was t l p l'yl d
in, and as thtre is nothing concernling
-, x quaiiiications for menl.nlrship in
the ijiachinlsts union, she was admit
ted to the union upon her application
ta!.ing its regular course.
This woman machinist was looked
upon by the men machinists as a
curiosity and her membership in the
union was pased as a juke.
However, things have changed now.
The rapid inroads that the women
have been making in the machine
shops are such as to cause the
machinists union to amend its consti
tution at the recent convention of that
union The women employed in the
machine shops are working . r less
wages than the men, they are not re
ceiving the minimum rate of wages,
therefore could not be admitted into
the union.
The new contlitutlon of the union
willt allow the women to be organised
into the International Association of
Machinists regardless of the wage they
are receiving.
The women are employed in watch
factor'es as well as in tool works. In
fact she is making her appearance in
to all kinds of machine shops in the
eastern states, running turret lathes.
and milling machines. It is estlme
ated that there are over 10,000 women
now empdoyed in the machine shops
of America Of course a large num
ber of these are young girls, who run
bolt cutting and nut tapping machines.
The women in the machine shop*
are becomtng so plentiful that labor
journals will be carrying a new ad
vertisement, calling attention to shirt
waist and bloo:ner overa.l for women
machlnlsts.
The rapid strides belan made in Im
proved machinery makes It possible
for women to entrr into campetition
with men in the machine shop. In
the past she was physically unfit, but.
with air hoats, travelling cranes. the
sledge giving place to the pneumatl.
hammer, the machine fits the physl
cally unfit for the work. The advent
of modern machinery in 'he machine
shop 'akes the handloap off the wo
men, and places them into keener
competition with men.
The rapid economic development ".f
women brings about a na'urai de
,.liopment In the demand for woman
suffrage.
A PROGRESSIVE UNION.
The way the anti-Socialist, psuedo
labor papers are attacking the Social
lets in the machinists union, and sup.
porting the conduct of President James
S('onnell in the recent convention of
the machinist union, Indicates that the
Bocialists have evidently scored a bull's
eye
The machinists are a progreaive lot,
and today their union is the most ag
grealsi fighting organisation in the
Amerioa.i labor movement.
In the past two years the machinists
union has had more strikes than any
other organization, in fact of nearly
any other two unions, during the past
two years.
There are few unions In America
that have greater tenacity than the
machinists. For nearly six years they
carried on a strike against the Santa
Fe. railroad, before they gave in, yet.
in the face of apparent defeat, they
have ever since carried on a silent
I strike on the anta Fe rallroad and it
Y Is only a matter of time until that iJl
a road will be forced to make Its peace
f with the machinists.
The machinists have had nore In
Junctions fired upon them by the
r courts than any other organisatoln.
they have been continually on the
firing line of the clam struggle, It
0 seems impossible for their union to
build up a strong treasury, It an as
semment Is levied on the members of
the machinists to build up a large
fighting furd, the.n some new attack
is mede upon them Iby the capitalsts.
It Is war to the knlfe, and the knife
to the hilt b.tw4ren the corporations
and he machinints iunion.
Fifteen years of this :ind of life
has made the m.e hinisti union an
active fighting force and put them !n
the vanguard of th, mtricul.n labor
movement, as wll ;as making the
greater per cont:a.g of the machinists
Socialiats.
In the recent , t1 tlin for inter
nationai officers ,ti' :1 machlnists un
ion, the issue .is , idaliim, the candi
dates were fought fr hing Socialists,
or anti-sociallit-.. .ld it Is the first
time In the hip:, ..I any American
labor ulnion that til ,lion s were drawn
so closely on S. aihin-m. The 8o
alltists were .: t ,riei", regardless
of the fact th.t r, llin was mad,,
nn itaue, and r, :;:u orders fought
the Socialists can.,ilatCs.
At the intern.,::.nal convention of
the machinists. h I.1 last month, the
Soolallsts contrtll l the convention.
and delegatre i h were not Socialists
were present uith instructions from
the lodges this represented, to vote
e Ith and supp,.rt the Socialists and
thil progresl\ nmasuires.
President Jam s O'Connell fought
the Socialists bittery in the convent
Ion, and denouncing the Socialist
teachings in the Machinists Monthly
Journal". The convention endorced
the teachlngs in the Machinists Jour
nal and psan d r,"silutions congratulat
ing the editor, D. Douglas Wilson on
his efficient work, and advisiag him
to continue his valuable work of edu.
cation. (The Machinists Journal is un3
of the best labor magazines in tie
oountry, and is strongly socilalstle.)
The Militia of Christ was represent.
en in the machinists convention, a
well as certain other religious orders,
that are fighting Socialism
One delegate from Rock Island
was recalhed by his lodge for fighting
the Socialists In the convention.
The machinists true to their ten
dency of the past twelve years took
an advanced step towards Industrial
unionism, and laid plans to bring class
solidarity into a reality, instead of
craft division.
The convention took Very tSdical
steps towards making the machlnists
union a more aggresive fightlgl
machlne and taking it all to all the
oonventon was one of the most pro
greelve and Inspiring conhereaoe hel
by any labor body In Amerthi fr
years.
Nearly all the officers eleat of the
machinists union are members ln
good standing of the SocalJist Party,
and is eate to say that Internasnal
Preeldent elect. Willan Johnston,
will be heard at many Sociallst rally
urging the workers to vote the tlcket
of the working clam--4he Sociaist
ticket.
A stockholders meeting of the Unior
Printing and Publishing company
will be held on November 2t. at this
meeting the subject of securing new
machinery will be considered. it very
desirable that we get sufficient mach.
Inery to make us independent of any
other print shop.
The out look for the Montana New.
at present is brighter than it has been
for over a year, and if conditions
continue as favorable in the future as
they have been during the past month,
the Montana News will soon be in a
po-tdon to carry on " mllVsat ca.i
paign for the working cl of Mont
ana.
The esal of stock in the Union
Printing and Publishing company Is
being subscribed for extensively.
which argues well for the standing
of the Montana News.
One share of stock costs $6.00 and
is a good investment for a wage slave.
COAL FAMINE In CANADA.
That the union miners in the north
west are still conduoting their fight
in an effective manner is assured.
"Fuel" an authority on coal mnitng
has this to say: "The coal fam
Ine In Alberta is still acute. The
operators are hundred of thou
sands tons be.hlnd in orders. Four
small mines, Hlllcrest, McN"Jl, Cam
more and Royas Colliertes at leth.
bridge, ha e started up with sma:1
gangs at work in each. I)Dose
of cots are arriving at various
collieries to accommodate strike break.
era, and it looks as if 'he operators
arq determined in their efforts to
start up again '
Advices from the strike distriot
,any that the famine '.t "kely to be
come more Intnsew, i a settlement
. tI not reached between the strikers
and the operators. That the mlni
ers have the situation well In
hr. nd and are prepared for emst
SD'ncie..
8. D. He .
DIREWT PI RY HRUMDUO.
There Is an attempt at present to
foist upon the people of Montana a
direct primary law by the disgruntled.
down and out democratlo politlcans
They are endeavouring to apply the
Initiative law in order to have It su'b
miitted to a vote of the people.
Those down and out democrats, who
are endeavouring to mislead the union
men into supporting the primary law,
are harping on the Wisconsin primary
ia.a and have patterned the law they
:re. trying to have adopted, after the
\\isconsln law.
In order to show the wage workers
the practical operation of the primary
I..w In Wisonln, we print the follow
in, from the Social Democrat Herald.
I,. organ of the Milwaukee Soelaiists
"I'. S. Senator Stephenson who has
,lmitted that It cost him '107,000 to
, elected o the American h,.IsM. of
1.erds. i. being Investigated l.v a con
r,.sIaonal committee In Milwaukee this
. ,,k, and the scandals of the memor
.ible primary campaign picked op. n.
o,ni, of the' first shocks the investl
:t.itng committee got was over the
t.stimony of relliable politicians as to
the expensiveness of the primary sys
t.mn Whatever its advantages it gives
the men of money the Inside track for
the more advantageous "positions of
trust". It practltally puts the lu
cretive offices up for sale. And some
of the more recent reformer fads will
hI, still worse-4he non-partsaan elect
ions for instance."
lnulflsant Statement
"We never had tAlk of corruption !n
thtp state before. It all carm, I ,cl.t
-iree we got the direct prlmtry law.'
--tatement of Attorney Oen.ral Levi
H. Bancroft of Wisconsin. In Stephen
s )n .vestigatioo.
Some Amasing Testimoy.
When Uncle Ike 8tephenson the Utm
ber pirate who bought himself a seat
in the United States senate for $107.
009 was running his primary campaign
in which that sum of money was spent
he made use of the Wisconsin game
wardenm The chief game warden
gave $2.500 to the then governor of
the state, a leading republican. The
ex-governor's testimony before the
investigating committee is a pitiful
exhibition, and reminds strongly of
some of the explanations made by
Mi'waukee's recently deposed fire
Ohlef, whose money manipulations
when a grand Jury was in session
were of the most shocking kind.
Here is ex-Gov Davidson's expla
nation: The money was placed on
his desk in several sealed envelopes
He did not know (sic) what they
were there for so he let them lie
round his desk unopened for "several
months", and then tiring of seeing
them there put the money they con
tained into the bank. In his personal
account!
If the recording angel heard that
testimony he must have shed more
than one tear' -S-ocial Democrat Her.
aid of Milwaukee.
THE OTEEL DEMON
By Hugh McGee. ...
The 20th century has introduced a
new factor into human society, a new
force, a new power, a newproducer,
a new maker and builder which has
changed conditions throughout the en.
tire world.
Thns new thing Is the only perfect
creation in the worad. It is not hu
man, It is not allvling thing, it does not
eat or drink or sleep, it only works,
It is made of steel and iron and it
will live forever.
This new thing has for nearly 100
years been taking the "Jobs" of men
and women and doing the work that
they were doing, and tomorrow newer
machines will throw more men and
women out of "Jobs" and Into a state
of starvation.
The use of machines and machinery
has very nearly done away with the
need of human labor. So true is this
that for a man to be unable tofind
any work to do, does not seem strange
to anyone.
The working men and women, today
are in reality worse off than the peas
ants and slaves of Europe ever were,
for the reason that before the coming
of machines and machinery, the Kings
Queens and Morgans of those days
needed them to do all the work, and
so they did not permit the workers
to die of sickness and starvation, if it
were possible to save them.
But since machines and machinery,
do so much of the work today, it does
not matter what happens to the 20th
century slaves.
Today the men and women who
have been displaced by the perfect
machines and complex machinery are
b-oomning tramps or crimnals, and the
women are turning to prostitution for
food and sheAter.
When a 20th century slave is "fired"
he bg aft once to starve, and while
he looks for a new master, the blood.
hounds of the maater class are 0oa.
tlnually at his heels ready to pounce
upon hkn for being a vagrant or
tramp, so as. to pluck some blood.
money from him In the Jails andcourt
which have always provided provided
an eamy aiving for the wetch-dogs of
the master
The Socialists demand that the pub
lic--4hecollectlvlty---claim the mach.
Ines and machinery of production and
distribut.ln, as the common property
of all the people, to be used, now
and forever, for the needs of all the
people, and not for the profit of a
few men who have neither conceived
nor created them, but only own them.
The continued private ownership of
machines and machinery by a few
men, means that unemployment will
Increase, that poverty will Increase,
that diselase will Increase, that the
few rich will become richer and the
many poor will become poorer.
('rime, poverty, disease, unemploy
m--nt, postitution, white slavery and
child labor Is Increasing day by day
Do you want it to continue?
WAH' WHAT FOR?" By Geogge
IR. Kirkpatrick, is the greatest book
on economics by any living American
Are you a Reader of
THE MONTANA NEWS
You are interested it its EDITORIAL POLICY.
You read it for things that are NOT found in other
papers.
You read it because it is a SOCIALIST publica
tion. You are interested in the SOCIALIST
and LABOR CIRCLES.
POINT OF VIEW.
But you ought to know and you want to know
more.
You want to know all the NEWS of the Socialist
You want to know and you onght to know the
significance of current events from a Socialist and
Labor standpoint.
To get this news you must read a DAILY paper
with the SAME EDITORIALS AS THE MON
TANA NEWS.
There is such a paper.
That paper is the
CIIICAGO DAILY SOCIALIST.
It is different from other Daily papers. It is
different BECAURE
It tells the truth.
It is a workingman's paper.
Its business is human Progress.
It is PUBLISHED FOR THOSE WHO
DARE TO THINK.
If you are a Progressive Socialist, and want to
keep in touch DAILY with what goes on in the
World of Labor-want to feel the pulse of the en
tire Socialist and Labor movement of America-
Send in your subscription.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
1 year..........$3.00
6 months........$1.50
4 months........ $1.00
1 month.......... .23
At least send in a quarter and try it for a month.
CHICAGO DAILY 8OCIALIST
207 Washington Street Chicago, Illinois.
THE OLYMPIAN THE CObUMBIAN
THE,'LL "STEEL" TRAINS-THE "SAFE" TRAINS
VIA THE
Chicago, Milwaukee
& Puget Sound Ry.
AND THE
Chicago, lilWaukee & St. Paul Ry.
Specially const.ucted "AHll-tee' Standard sleeping and
tourist cars of the world-famed "Longer-Higher-Wider " berth
variety.
Steel dining cars, luxuriously furnished. A service of
the very highest cla., and a cuisine that offers the choicest
and best that the market afford.
If you want to travel east or west the safest and shortest
way, as well as the way of greatest pleasure take one of these
new standard flyers.
LOW SJMMER EXCURSION
now in effect tr practically all points East and on the Pacifcl
coast.
Long Retaure Imit-Liberal Stepeee.
Detailed Information regarding Rates, Traln
service, eto., cheerfully furnished.
W. P. WARNER, A,. .1. & P A. Bute,
Montana.
'Tbe New Seel Trl." GEO. W. HIBARD, Oeaeral Paseesger Agen.
author. It Is a book that fairly bristle
with sharp points that puncture the
hide of capitalism and makes this old
monster squirm and hunt cover. No
"Dare-Devil Dick" writer ever Ima*
gined such "blud ourding" epslodes
as Kirkpatrick deecribe s u true hti
tory, the history of the betuddled
the betrayed and slaughtered working
class, on many a goary battlefield.
The class who had nothing to gain
but mlery and death, or if they our.
vive, long hours of grinding toll to
pay the war expenses
375 pages, cloth binding, il.ustrated,
$1.20 a copy. Order from the Mont
ana News.
AUll dam of labor as well as be.
Inem and commercia lin lstuto ase
oganlaed into amsortatims to advance
tbedl welfare..l. h farmers are the
elms. that 1s not organised for murrtual
prt, cton. Even the beast of the
field as well as the auman that preys
on the farmer It organlaid self protect.
tlom. It I. time that the farmers were
organiled into unions to sercum the
beneflta and protection that tca only
be got by force of numbers.
Organlet a farmers union In your
district. Further particulars an be
had by sending a letter of inquiry to
Union Farmer. Boa M Helena

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