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The agItators are the loyal men
Who staunchly stand for truth, though
And death on scaffold grim ark wait.
The hemmpen noose may ntrangle
their brave song;
The eyes that biased defiance to the
May bulge from out their sockets as
The mocking saugh of tyrants and
Of the oppy.sen may be their re
let Truth will conquor. Justice will
Their life blood tingles through the
veins of time
And warms the world in every place
The agitators are the loyal men
Whose names shall live when tyrants
are but dust;
We hall them as the saviors of the
We haill them, yea, we honor them
A OLORIOUS OPPORLTUNiTt.
By John U Work.
Through the joint action of the Wo.
man's National Committee and the
National Executlve Committee of the
Socialist Party. a petition for equal
outrage Is now belng clrculated for
We Soclallets propose to bring about
ondlttome wherein we an onaset what
ever laws or ameadmenWt we desre.
without petitioningr anybody. Bt,
meantime, we have to take the best
available means of ezpreeing our
selves and arouosag public sentimet.
The repubdcan and demoeratic
partles have not champtoed equal
miffrge. There has been nothingr
for them to lose by It. but they have
let It alone because of Innate couser
vanim. Thor might still be nothing
for them to lose by It it they ohan
ploned It at once. But there is a
great deal for them to lose by it if they
do not champion It at onee.
For, women are likely to cast their
ballots for the party that sto most
active In giving them the ufttrage.
The ooelallet Party NKatlona plat
form declaree In favor of unrestrieted
and equal suffrage for men and wo
men and pledges the party to make
an actice campaign to secure the same.
We oeialists want equal msnrage
regardless of the coNeaquenee to uer.
selves I It would result In tomper.
ary defeat and delay for our move
ment --o be It. We would not ceo
promise a great principle for tempor
But, there Is no ocaieo for any
seuh reslt, Women are going to
seeure the suffrage during the next
decade or two anyhow.
The best way for us to Imwre that
they wtll vote agalnst us when they
get the ballet Is by sbowlg Indiffer
ence In their struggle for the ballot
And the beet way for us to iure
that the women will rally to the So
clalist Party when they get the ballot
Is by making a bold and viterous
struggle to get the batot for them.
The IocIaliot Party In many eoan
biccl bas Orr ca...WvrrWltW6 ma. nki
"rntl~HwYrn t" al y r 1
ln advancsts e.ºraigkand.T coy# duiý1eg
Ich time ýrrw',the blcseead. pu t to fh tietl" wi.
do laba takUULt1
'mW fecId, maIaled as m
yon an p perlloodrmatllaf rý.o 1 tob U
bac ui t _rnxusue a . udsi" mg be U SPA
CIO e1ýý Enlink the high grsa 1 dlres behidb
acultacki cot ostvO Ito mlihmern* psatbabu1
laedteatQa ff9?J · manutacturer. auajb· beb~Imb
ci.. V ES bci~easa~Ur o *.p. .
r4 jyju e our Cato le" our ·nwra ofr
AMiw wu s W*?61tWme.
m~ d bmug~ .m ib"ete n eMww ~ t hewe n N M
thraamv ether . wIIrsinait
$II.M Mr ý/M. t e lrr/wr
o1RwM S.E-Iof dit.gll r$.s'
U*YuFLf5Se di .dl SetCb ed
A hndd thousand malt mol let year.
rIdnit very du-abe and Dnedamnoe WILr
Swecal auhlt, of rubber. wh never be
aoo'aporous and which clue up imail
ppn114ar ý wlt ·1Ytal ols` he ar ty sea".·
W· h*e llarerocad rtlrdng~ave
r 'L . 'nn axim tt rodef l3.5 per pair. All order. hihppe ja
de teoN ý"hp C. 0. pon approeal Yost Go t pay a cant anU 10r6
ow .. tý. am rrwý ..Te riwu e.ýu
=r~n i·rPn ru 9 0N10 0009 ILL.l~
tries has soared val.aMse legsateuo
out of the o14 partle by worklag up
publlo sentiment to a polat when the
old partles oounsded it neeumary to
their own eontlnued politleal eZsttence
that they should make ooesnsloaa
In the ame moaner, the Socialist
Party can scare equal sufrasge out
of the republtoan sad democratlo
partles The women wtl then have
the belotl several years earlier than
they otherwise would. Then they
will ow. it to the Uooialiso Party.
And they will be wise enough to know
It. In the European countries the
recipients of the benefits of remedial
leglseatlon have In ever increulasing
numbers showed that they recognise
who It is that scared that remedial
legislation out of the old parties.
bo, grab these petitions and get
busy. Olve every woman and man
In your community a chance to sign.
Tr.t's land a petition in Congreo
that will make their eyes bulge.
\Vhii ev'ery utterance in Congress
14 duly r*ecord'ed by stenographers and
appears In the ('ong'reasional IRecord,.
and while hearings before committees
Iand c,,mminsins are ilkewise a matter
of record. yet, owing largely to the
v- luminous printed documents the
Kcr, :lter portion of vital matters aret
lIst to view. Just recently, in a
sp.eech madl, on the floor of the House
the follow ing facts were stated; hav
Ing Ibeen collected by the New York
Child lalmr c'ommission:
Children's dresses are paid for at
the rate of 50 cents per dozen. The
average' daily out put for one person
in thirteen hours is one dozen.
Violets arme made for thirteen and
one half cents per gross, and a mother
three girls and a grand mother earn
60 cents per day
The average wage of an entire fam
ily at garme.nt finishing is from 60 to
70 cents per day.
Making cigarette wrappers brings
10 cents per 1.000 and a woman wrok
Ing from 6 a. m to 12 p. m can
make $2 per week.
WAR-WHAT FOR? I. a hand
some, gold-stamped, high-grade cloth
bound, double-backed book, printed in
easy, open type on thigh quality paper.
8z5 inches in sise. The book contains
352 pages; 12 chapters; 13 intensely
Interesting full-prge pictures (three
powerful half-tones); several literary
photographs of hell; trenchant discus
sion of every phase of war, miltarlsm.
and social struggle; more than a dos
en strong passages for school and en
tertainment declamations; over 300
citations and quotations from author.
ities; bibliography; numerous suggest
ions for promoting the propaganda
against war and capitalism; an abun
dance of material for lectures on war,
midtarism, the class struggle, capital
ism. socialism, and the history of the
working class. A book of this size,
stock, binding, and richness of illus
tration is usually sold at $1.50 to $.00
Can be had from the Montana News
for $8120 postpaid.
To with hold deserved praise lest
It should make its object conceited
is as dishonest as to withhold pay
ment of a Just debt test your creditor
should spend the money badly.
bllmeribe for the Montana News.
Victor L. Ilerer, the first Socialist
Congressman, delivered a lecture at
the Auditorium, in Butte, last Mon
day evening. A larugi and enthua
pi rý: r
lastic aulence were present to hear
the veteran Socialist of America.
As introductory to his lecture, Mr.
Berger defined the word "Sociallmm"
in (ti mewning to him. Capitatlsm.
he termed the present day way of
conducting business. Socialism, he
said, was the name for the new epoch
of civilization in , hlch each man
would serve society, one for all and
all for one. It is not the name of
a theory, but an epoch. Mr Berget
then went on to tell of conditions In
Milwaukee before and after the com
Ing of the Socialists Into power, and
pointed out in what respects he
th-ught the new administration had
Freedom by Sodaloa.
A synopsis a his remarks is as
"Social freedom, complete justice,
can only be accomplished by the col
lective ownership and democratle
management of teh social means of
production and distribution.
"I realise that all this cannot be
brought about by a single stroke-by
a one day's revolution. But I know
that all legislation, In order to be real.
,y progressive and wholesome, must
move in that direotlon.
"And the only party that is going
I in that direction Is thn Soelallst party.
"With the Socialils political issues
are of minor consequence, and scon
Smic issues are the important questions.
'"Th-t is the reason that we refuse
to be diverted or led astray by political
reform, like the initiative and referen.
t dum Each in itself Is a good enough
I reform and has been agitated for a
long time by the Socialists and forms
a part of our programme today. Mere
changes in the mechanism of expresi
ing the will of the people are, how
ever, of minor importance when com
pared with the reform of economic
Want Old A.e Pe~lon.
"We want the initiative. But we
want much more, the old age pension
for every working man and working
woman of 60 and over.
"We want the referendum. But we
want insurance against being out of
work much more.
"We want the recall. But a pension
for orphans-at least for those who
have no father-and a pension for
working women during the period of
child bearing is of indefinitely greater
importance than the right to recall a
"Of the political reforms a new
constitution is of most importance Be.
cause, with the old constitution social
reforms are almost Imposible No
mater how good and beneficial a .'aw
mer be. it will as a rule, be declared
unconstitutional by the supreme court
And, as a rule, it really is unconstl
tutional, because our constitution was
framed at a time entirely different
from ours, and for an entirely differ
"When the constitution was framed
this was a nation of frontier farmers
and hunters, with a few merchants
in the seaports.
"l'There was no machinery used, and
there was n manufacturing to speak
of. Ther were no railroads, no tele.
"There were no mialionaires and no
proletarlana. There were no corpor
ations io the pesett sese--a corpor
SatiUon In th days meant a city. And
there were no trusts, of eourse
Says ConstetuUos Is Worn Out.
"It Washington. Jefferson. Madison
and Hamilton could get up from their
graves today, they would not know the
country. We live in a diferent world
And yet we have to wear the same
political cloak-live under the same
"In other words, a grown-up nation
still has to wear its baby clothes.
They do not fit anywhere and have
been torn and patched in th,, most
miserable way by 'decisions of the su
prome court'-but anybody who dars
to suggest a new suit is conlidtrr.d
a traitor by the 'interests'.
"A:ailn I say, though politic-a re
forms are, desirable, they are of little
acount whn compared with the n,'
cesmity of changes in economla:l con
"M1orft, or. the changes in poiitical
conditions are upon us.
"lWe soe the trusts not ,,n!y doing
away wint. competition. but a..,, ask
ing for government int,.r: r, rM, . and
gove rnm, nt regulation of I,r:, s
"in other words, we hie the
spectacle of the trusts s rr nl.ring
part of their ownership an I practi
cally offering that part of th,. owner.
ship to the government
"That the trustM-or at I. ast some
of the trusts--are wiling to part with
their ownership because they now feel
that their business has ceased to be a
private concern Because the trusts
feel that their business has become a
public utility-of the most public and
most ulltarian sort.
"But the change is also coming
from the other side.
'"'he great majority of the people
have no interest in keeping up the
present system. And especially the
working clas is bound to become
revolutionarw as a class.
Workingsm ein Howels.
"Our workingmen of today build a
few paieces and many hovels. The
workmen live in the hovels and a few
espitalists live in the palaces.
"Our workingmes in the woolen
mills make a small amount of tine
clothes and mlUons of yards of shoddy.
The workingmen wear the shoddy and
the rich idlers wear the tine cothes.
"Workingmen and their chidtre
have to g down into the min-
workingmen and workingwomen aad
their chidren have to go into dlsg/
ill-ventilated factorite and work
shops, and toll there from $ to 12
hours a day. They ruin their hoealth
by over work so that a few people
who have the money can ruin their
health by doing nothing.
"The great majorfty now degener
ates through poverty so that the small
minority shall be able to degenerate
"Again I say, he great majority
have no Interest Ia keeping up the
Rding Cmaes No Suptesr.
"'There is also this:
"In former epochs the rul cl e.s
was by) ar the abler and stronger
physically and mentally .
"In former years a few nobles, clad
in iron and trained and acccustomed
to warfare, could hold in subjection
20 times their number of common
'The ruling eiass was also at that
time the only class that was in pos
session o the wisd'n of the world
whatever the world was then
"The ruling class also had in its
favor the belief that this system was
God ordained, and that anybody de
fying it wr.- a rebel to God.
"Things are different nowadays
'The working class not only bulilds
the houses, ships and machines, hut
the working clas also teaches in the
public schools, writes the papers and
the books. Not only the man who
sets up the type for the papers and
books is a workingman, but also the
man or woman who writes them
usually belongs to our class.
'The capltailst class depends upon
us not only for a living, but also for
information and defense.
'The capitalist class surely has no
better fighting qualities. It's the
working class that hay to furnish most
of the men in case of war--although
the capitalists may start the war
Even in order to hold our class in
subjection the capitalists have to hire
some men of our class who are for
sale to do the fighting for the cap
"We deny that the capitalist class
is our superior In any way.
Publie * Lool Makes Us Equal.
"And as long as the public schools
s exist-and men and women are rear.
ing| how to read and write-no prlst
1 o; clergyman can make us believe that
r this system Isto God ordained. That it
is God ordained that a trust magn.vte'
shall make fifty or sixty million do'
lara a year, or more, and that his em
e plyes should earn $1.75 a day on the
* aSSEra, so that the trust magrnate'
aughter shall be able to marry rme
ibroken down English earl or French
"Moreover, we h~ye the ballot No
subjected class before had the same
political basis as the ruling class. We
"On election day your vote is as
good as Rockefeder's And you are
many and the capitalists are few.
fHowever, If you choose to throw your
votes away and to vote with your
exploiters and for your exploIters, tha;
Is your own fault, not theirs.
"The old Romans used to say: 'It
is lucky that the slaves never had a
chance to count us.' because there
were 10 times as many slaves as free.
men In Rome.
"Now there are 10 times as many I
wlge slaves as there are freemen in
America, and there is a chance for a
count on every ,.lertlon day.
'Therefore, I say, make use of this
advantage that no subjected class in
history has ever before had. Make
use of your numbers on election day.
Al .you have to do is to stand with
your onn class and be count.'d All
you have to do is to stand for your
wives and children on election day
and be counted.
"All you have to do Is to stand for
your country and for humanity, and
for a new world, and be cot.,ted."
J. P. Morgan is to x.d on an assess.ed
valuation of only $8S10.000 Instead of
a few hundred mlllon.
Who pays his proper share of taxes?
Can you guess?
of the Money and Land-Owning Kings
of the Period of the War of the
"UNITED STATES CONSTI
TUTION AND SOCIALISM"
BY SILAS HOOD
A book of 32 pages containing the real truth about our "patriot"
forefathers. It has history not found in our hcsool books. These
are the articles which recently ran in the Social-Democratic HeraMd
and for which there was so large a demand that they had to be
printed in book form.
Learn who are the real patriots were then and who the traitors
are now. Adoption of the United States Constitution was the re
sult of a monster conspiracy and every citizen of America should
know the truth. Washingt,,n and Franklin not spared. Hamil
ton and Hancock exposed. White slavery, kidnaping, murder.
debtors prisons and poiltlcal trickery. It Contains Reference List
for Historical Research in Libraries.
Push the sale of this book. It is good propaganda.
lnSlle Coy 10c. 25 Copies 11.75 100 Copies 3$.00 Postage Prepaid
Montana News Helena, Montana.
HEADQUARTER5 FOR UNION PRINTING.
Comrades and Brother:
We desire to call your attention to the printing omce of the
Montana News. We do all kinds of printing for labor
,rganizations, Constitutions, By-Laws, Letter Heads, Envelopes
Working Cards, all stationary and printed material used by
The Montana News is the only paper in the Rocky Mountain
states that advocates the right of labor at all times and in all
places. Regardless of what the grelvences may be we stand
by the strikers in the struggle of the union against the
corporations. In more than one instance we have turned
public -pinion in favor of the strikers, and in more than one
city and camp have we made the union label respected.
The Montana News is supported exclusively by the workers
and the profits from Job work of the labor organizations of
Montana, Wyoming, Idaho and Utah.
Perhaps your union has not required the assistance of any
paper in times of trouble, but rest assured, should you
organization ever become involved in a strike; the Montana
News will be found on your side and ready to give all the
assistance that press and pen can do to win the strike.
A labor press should be built up, and we need your assistance
will you send us your order for the printing of your union?
Why support print shops whose paper attack you or treat
your eause with silence and Indltem.nce when you are involvel
In a strike?
a The capitalists know the power of the press and control
the papers accordinhly.
Should your union require anything in the line of printing
s give us a chance to bid on same. Ask us for our prices.
We may charge higher than scab shops, but we pay all ex
press charges on packages sent out. Remember we are the
headquarters for Union Printing In the Northw st and the
shop that h:sa made the Union L4bel respected.
No work leaves our shop that does not bear the Unles
Label. None but Union men employed.
Hoping to be favored by the patronage and support of your
Of late. somehow, I seem able to
rPad my newspap.*rs and periodicals
with some Interest. I know the
reason now-I meet Roosevelt's name
about once a week, and (od knows
that's .nough for a little, qult-loving
f, IHow like me.
The farmer rec..iles one fourth of
the product of his toil. This stat"
niernt is born,. out by figures. hle h
cann,,t li,,. Th,. farmrs moitat su.p
,rt th. idlerxs in th.ir leisiure, thi
in nl'e.r'sary as uth, rwise tho "RhiD
in o arder to lt,..
I-'ru·nt dirt-tt: hat JIl··il.ir "" thirt tit,
*" nir.n it Ti n thit, . .N.in in i Ii it
ar in nilling to t it r, stailr ti i',k..d
I, '. I ..Iuld I.. " I . 11 9i 1 t I, ;,lars,
fr1m iii, th , t , Iril.
i'ti .n; try .\IQN,LIIIAI I.ii a
T.ir' . tuurir.q the ,cJY in a it<pr
at" t mlt to S curt a r.nnmin~r Al',
Il(i tr.r. Hlntz Ixpens. a w ill amount
to btt ". n $75,flior, and SI I.iuIuI
'hu pays~ h., billa of tliti ".'Scti in
Th.- Mntana X. tan is nit thf' Ionly
Serialist pap."r 4-'itwt on Minn'"apol:..
:.nil th.' I'acific roI)at buy is ii the±
ttvin- -r Socialist paper