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1'\I() PRtINTINtG AND) PI'll S\. \I .\III rt........ plrs. and Editor 41. A. Itr n.... ..........Secretary 1. I r .......... ..... Ic Preidetlcft Utiic 19 I'airk '.'\ p. 0. B3ox 908 Ent r 1 4! lii. l'st Oftice for trans n11l.'sI'l1 Iiir,''Leh tit, nutil at second (I lass rates. . \lonthli .- -I . . i%1),,1 IU T t, IrNIONl.M ON OURL' Tih hilf aim of the master class i t'kep the \orktera diided in var into crafts and to ha\.v the contrac:s fr each .xplire at different periods. in order that the'. may fight only on.l at a time The reason for this is very simple' and we might understatnd, that when the hoKs desries to have the workers divided that way. that it is to their ad\antage and not ours. Did you ever hear of an admiral of a fleet sending out only one ship at a tine to tight the enemy?:' Tha. would 'he ridiculous. ..t the otflcials of the railways attempt to keep the nmen in that condition. Our chances, like those of the admiral, would be ;esaened as regards victory. hid you ever* see:'a farmer boy go after honey when the bees were around the hive? He usually man aged to get the bees out of the way by some Ingenious method or waited until they went elsewhere of their own accord. Now, when a committee o.f employ s visit the employers for better working conditions the boss sees to it that the bees are safely caged up, and this is done by seeing to it that their con tracts wilt not ezulre simultaneously. It would hurt him, like the farmer boy, to have all the bees get busy at once. The railway employes, almost to I man. believe in this principle but do not practice It.8ome employes, think ing themselves better judges. be.deve in the "sacred" (?) doctrine of "one at a time". We will refer those to the General Managers themsev'es or to the Merchants and Manufacturers, either of these has an organization on the lines of strength, yet the more (?) in telligent men do not believe in prac ticing what the general managers ~,w lieve If craft separation was a good thing for the workers the general managers would not grant it. In other words. the boss pactices one thing and tells the workers not to do likewise. Years ago when there was a strike in a foundry everybody went out and the irilke was usually won. now when the same firm has trouble only a few of the employes or one or Lwo crafts go out and they usually loose and if they do win it takes them a long time to do it. The best definition that I ever heard of organization was given by Mr. C. (). Young, organizer for the A. F. 4f Il., as follows: "Be organised before trouble, dur ing a difficulty and after victory." The time to organize is now Don't wait for some one else to do it for you, but do it yourself. Some people say that this was tried before as in the A. It. U strike and It proved a failure as results proved. However, do you think that when !t required the I'. S. army to put down the strike that it was a strong move ment? And even at that there was not even good organization to start with and the railway managers knew it.. Did every railroad worker in the country go out? Isn't It a fact that some of them were not organsled until after the strike was called? Do you cad that perfect organization? You Can Gauge Your Strength by the F~ar of the Bons. The boss will never he alarmed un less there Is something to be alarmed about and he will never he pleased until you please him. The System Federation that is being launched ad over the country is alarming the boss. The officials on the Harriman lines are doing all in their power to defeat the workers and unless they defeat them now they will never do it and despite this fact the men are winning. The merchants in the south are de nouncing the officials of the I. C. Ry, for not admitting defeat and when that class realises the state of affairs that ought to be good authority THE STRENGTH OF LABOR. Let us liken the tabor movement to a huge compound locomotive, with its high pressure side and its low pres. uir.e featurles each of whlich ls ex trtmtly powcrful. li'ht two forces of labor consisting of Industrial action and Political power. Iltry \torkina nman is either a full ttedgd S.,ci:lilst or has tendencies In that dirtetion of which he is not a.are, for xailt: htvWhenever he dinmands ;tn it Increase in wage he IS stepping i \ wartls the co-popratiV" cotmmonwnaitih and , ivry increase .i\.s him ntor oft th Iproduct of his toll. The worker itui.t obtain all ihe can by going after it direttly aInt whn he has done that let him, like the compound lnginel, xhtuist his power into auoth, r force (the ballot) andI place his o\ n rlrestntatltit ts into the legisltiti'e halls. The tn. etlass that 'gill h, lIp tit,' rkr is thit ,orktr h itms, If. Jini th. ltartY of 'lir class, tote Tlhornutl Inlit~tlgtaslk , r \'i.latiln .of the federal h,,i, r in- e spectln andl safety device lavws by c the Ihini Central must bh" stopped. P So says the Interstate commerce mm,nnisiotn. which has intervened to prteve.nt the company from reckless . ndangering the live.s of its employes as, wll as the traveling pl,ubiic an)y The information that at last the commission, aroused, would begin an n\vestigation of the methods practiced in the shops of the Illinois Central since the beginning of the strike, was received with unbounded enthusiasm hy the strikers at Burnside, for it is considered one of the greatest vic tories yet won by the shopmenm. A federal inspector will reach Chi cago within the next few days to make a thorough-going inspection of the Bunrslde yards, according to a letter sent by the interstate commerce commission to Robert S. Knox, presi dent of the local system federation whippers 'ompnita Spurred on by the many complaints made by shippers and strikers from many cities along the Illinois Central. the commission will send out a corps of inspectors to Investigate conditions in each shop along the line to determ e ine to what extent the company has b been defying the federal laws design ed to protect the lives and health of Spassengers as well as employes on r railroads. e The law requires that boilers, air brakes, and rolling stock be Inspected Sconstantly by experts men so that the dang. r may tIe reduced to a mini mum. I* Even in times of prosperity it Is ' difficult for the company to get com . petent inspectors, but since the strike is was caled and the inspectors struck. It has been altogether Impossible to C make even a sham inspection of most d engines. Air IFqulpmnlt Is Lce4t1vae. Engineers ahve reported again and again that the air equipment of their trains was either defective or totally useless. Despite their protests, the company has ordered the trains to be kept in use, thereby making a big wreck sooner or eater almost inevitable. It is regared as almost miraculous that some great disaster has not yet oceurred on the Illinois Central, I through the fact may be due to the small number of freight trains now in use. I Again and again engineers have I been unable to use the air brakes at all and have hall to depend on the t reverse lever to stop their trains. The commissioners In their letter state they have received numerous compiaints recently about violationa 1 of the federal safety laws and that. I after a thorough inspection is made. I the company will he prosecuted to the Y full extent of the law for any viola f tions reported. Investigatlhom Co'ukcedt - Applianes Not Standard II. W. IBelknap. chief inspector of safety appliances of the Interstate commerce commislon, is condutctlng the government Inspection of the 11.1 nois Central shops. Hei will try to find out to what ex tent the Illinois Central has been vio lating the federal laws requiring safe ty devices for the protection of em ployes and passengers. He will ferret out the underhand methods the company has been using ti break up the system federation. He and a corps of Inspectors will investigate the condition of the Illi nois Central rolling stock and will show that the public is menaced by dangerous engines and useess air brakes likely at any time to Cause a disaptrmus wreck or horrible smash up His litter to the business agent of the Burnside strikers follows: "I am In receipt of a letter under dlate of oct iti. Iitned by MeuuIre Murray. Ostenl .tid Malloy, relattv to existing clnlltiofls on the Illnohe Central rilro:ntl % ith respect to ali brake equlltpi iiint. In replly I'.I c t' advise that rlm iliir compl~iIntý- h %, been received from other iuilts 1'1n the line of thl railroad and thi. t :ie now being In vestlgated. 'N or cmplalnt also w l lie given pr in t . ttntitofl. ii. W. I3ELKNAP. - 'rranusrwlatioln Ik)e IrIH'll.-RL- Od, - 'nallhle Ito salll.fy Puble t'hitf Insp l, ' i'' t ety Appliance Encouragir.: r, ports were recei\ d i last week aIt 11l, h, iduarters of th, Illinois C ntil i >i ttl,'rs, reports whl, Ihi lead the etil. t'! It htlieve that :1i 'iln~als C.n:1..11 ,. I n now .: last ditch ,.'I t't at ready to gi up the ship At Menph - 'l'enn . forty-eta It steamboats and smnaller river cra:'. which had I, in I> ing idle along tw, Sharves for , ln.l time, have bew ,' rtecommissi,n, i since the strike I - I gan, and ,a', now doing the most rushing Itusi. -s since the opening of the riare. is gradually killed the once enornit,- tralti' on the Mis-ts sippll. Ilvermen cr,', rw gray inl the Bert\l > say they ne~t r blefor saw such an a enormous anm 'tint of commerce t, ing a carried on ,iti the river. since the freight depiartlllent of the Illinois Central is almost entirely tied up. e shippers alonl Ithe' river are depend a ing almost ,.ntirely on the Missis j slppi to get their product sto the I greater markets. a The most complete tie-up anywhere a on the system is on the Cedar Rapids a branch, over which no freight train has been moved in the east two weeks. Very few passt'nger trains are being I- run on the lint'. All that are run are o late. it There was a serious wreck on the a main line near Cedar Rapids Two e cars were derailed, but the engine i- was making such poor time that the damage was slight. Kline I'redk4a S..the Preldent J. W. Kline of the Inter national Brotherhood of Bsackamiths & HeSpers predicted thec the result of the referendum vote just taken by he Rock Island system federation will be a decisive rejection of the com pany's proposed wage schedule. If the agreement has been rejected and the company refuses to. aiodify its demands, as in all probability it 'will, the only course open to the fed eration oflicials is to order a refer endium vote on the qeustion of caing a strike. Buckalew RetMrwa. J. D. Buckalew, vice president of the International Association of Ma chinists, will return from his trip through the south in time to make a report at the mass meeting of the Illinois Central strikers this week. In a communication to II. J. Mal I;y, from Memphis, Tenn., h." says he has been meeting with extraordinary enthusiasm among the striker in southern states and that the prospects of a victory are plendid. Ht length ,,ned his itinerary to include Indiana polls and Centralia. Hlmets Ig Beudnesa. The Chicago mall order houses are protesting against the continuance of I the strike on the Illinols Central, as it t is cutting big holes In their busineus at points along that system War or limpOuwn to Hpread, Is selief of Preldent Klne "' wouldn't be surprised to hear of the shopmen going out on strike on the Texas Pacific and other Pacifies in a short time," said J. W. Kllne, president of the International Broth erhood of Blacksmiths and Ilelpers. "It begins to look now as if the strike would spread to many other roads on which there seemed to be no cause for trouble when the shop men began their tight against the lillnois Central and ,4outhern and Union Pacincs. Atrlkc Inevitabkl. "The shopmen of the Texas Pacific issued an ultimatum to the president of the road demanding a recognition of their system federation some time ago, and when they were re.fused I understand they went before the di rectors and were by them, also, re fused. 'Hence a strike on the Te.xas Pa cific is inevitable unless the company backs down in the next few days, be cause it's a certainty that our men will strike rather than give up the idea of a sysem federation." It seems today that nothing can prevent the strike from spreading to I the Rock Island and other roads west of Chicago, making a complete tie-up of several of the most Important 1 roads of the country. Rlejt Wage .kale. It is known that the IRock Island f system federation has rejected, by an overwhelming majority, the best wage r scale the company would offer, and that a trlke within the next two I wee.ks Is practically certain. The result of the referendum vote \ ill not be ms'e public until the ,.tthials of the different crafts have aI:ld it conference, but all admit that tht men defeated the company's pro After the vote has been ascertained. the ofltcials wll' meek another confer nce with the company. In case they :tnnot get the conference or the .com i:any refuses to make a better wage ,.tf, r the ottlcials will order a refer .ndlurn vote on the question whether the men wish to lsubmlit to go out on rtrik, to enforce their demands. It is l l\'versally conceded hatt the men will vote In favor of a' strike unless the comlpanTy hacks down. In case a strike is chll d on the I ck Island and Texas lI'elflc., I - twen 15.000 and o0,000 men wi;l Ie in.lvu'v.d In addition to the more than ....000 already on strike .Anoth'r I. C Bluff. "if th;e city authorities at Fulton Ky., hav\e actually called in militia. as the morning papers says, It's mer,, ly another example of the game of bluff which the Islinols C'entral has been putting up since the beginning of the strike." said Kiln.. "I have. no offcilal Information that any troops were called in. but I do know that the men there have been as peaceful as any others along the line, and that means that they haven't done at single thing which would war rant the noficers in calling in state militia. "Why,F ugton is such a small pirce anyway that not more than 40 men at most were ever employed in the shops there, and it would be a sorry police force which couldn't handle forty peaceable men . "No. it's simply another instance 'if the Illinois Central taken advantage of the fact that it owns, body and soul, the omfciae of many of the towns along the line in order to ln timidate the strikers by calling for state militia among the public gen erally by crealngt he impresslon that the shopmen are violent and that it requires an army to keep them in check. iCABIM ARE INCOOMPIE NT. The following confident statement was made public by the executive committee of the Bunraide strikers: sltuatlon at Burnside looks bright for us. Everybody is standing firm; there are no desertions. How Work Is Dose. "An engineer reported something wrong with the flue or smoke box of an engine and had it sent to the yards for repairs. A scab boilermaker, Iwithout knowing what the trouble was or where or how to look for it, merely opened the front end, pulled out the cinders, and marked the en gine O. K. "Pickets report 1I scabs, including tinners, turned loose last week by the company. "ltteamfltters report that at the coach yard at i8xteenth street the a steam is coming out o badly that s the company will have to shut it off or fix up the yard. They can't get anyone to make repairs, so they had to shut off the steam "On good Information we can posli tlivey state that there are not 160 f scabs In the Burnside hops to fll t the places of 3.500 men who laid s down their tools and walked out. "JOSEPH HERSM ER, "Secretary " nan't Endure CondltUom. Paducah. Ky.-Four Clerks who were admitted to the union shortly before the strike, went back to work. but were unable to endure the condi tions imposed on them by the bosses. They reported back to the clerk's union and begged to have their cards restored to them, saying that if they were forgiven they would never be gullty again. They were al: young boys and have learned a good lesson In unionism. All A Refused. Hundreds of the strikers have ap plied for work at Pullman. but all were refused. The formen were In structed to so courteously reject strik ers' applications that they would not suspect the blacklist is being used against them. The courts, in the famous case of the Buck 8tove and Range Co. and numerous other cases have struck a deadly blow at the boycott. But the blacklist, by a curious sort of logie, has ben found perfectly legal. Noth Ing better is needed to show the c.lss character of the courts. All Is bright. Mounds, Ill -Eveythlng here looks bright to the strike ofltclals. The en gines in the yards are all In bad con dition and practically no freight trains are moving The strike breakers are not allowed to leave the yards. Why Taft Tsin aroke Down. Ogden, Utah.-The cause of the breakdown of President Taft's train in Utah has just been learned by the strikers, delayed on account of the U secrecy with which the company trl. d I to conceal the' disaster. The train was three hours late when it limped into Ogden. The faul. ty repair work of the strike breaker, p was undoubtedl> responsible for the a slow pogress the' train made, though il the officials had been careful ito I choose the best engine in the yards for the Taft sepcial. f The ceverland Limlited on the Union a Pacific fell behind several hours near a North I'lattt. Neb., and finally died I on the' road. The freight engine I taken on at (]rand Island, Neb.. went crawling along for a few miles and finally stopped. a The crew c.onflscated the engine of a freight which came up after a few houlrs delaly. andl started west at an eight-heour clip. fast time for the Un tIin I'aeifiet sine,' the strike. (;one the IAmlt Memlnphis, T-,nn.-That the lillnols entral h:as just about gone the limit Son its oppeositon to the strikers is shown by the fact that the company .Is beginning to use switch engines to f haul the passenger trains The high-class passenger engines Sgae. out shaortly after the strike began and the freight engines have been t used till they could not be used any h longer. When the switch engines die, I the traffic on the Memphis division at e least will he compiletely tied up t fllA Clerks Quit. Vickseurg. Miss.-A bunch of bill clerks shlpped in by the company quit as .o,,n as they had reported for e work and joined the union clerks on strike. A scab machine' foremant took to e task a plumber who was installdng 1 shower baths for the scabs. The plumber seised a piece of pipe and by the time he had finished on the scab fe oreman the latter was in a dangerous condition. e The few strike breakers Imported ' Into Vicksburg are all ruffians of the r worst type, taken from the slums of " the big northern cities. T. r me Walk J. It. Bakersfield, Cal.-All truckmen in the Southern Pacific freight station here have gone on strike. The shop men are jubilant because none of their number has returned to work since the beginning of the strike. I. C. Guard Arreted. Waterloo, Iowa -A. Nelson, a hea vily armed guard in the employ of of the Illinois Central. was arrested in East Fourth street as he was boast Ing to a crowd of by-standers of his prowess as a policeman He was in toxicated and declared he came 'o Waterloo to protect the police force. He showed his Chicago police star, No. 844, which he wore under has coat. He will be tried for carrying concealed weapons, as none of th". company's guards has been given au thority to carry arms outside the .ards. IPaulin Conideat. Waterloo, lowa.--' am confident that we have the Illinois Central whipped." said Frank Paquin, vice president of the International Bro therhood of Railway Carmen. 'The company will take any nlan back to help break the strike, no m.at ter whether he is a thug., a criminal. or the worst ruman, and anything said to the contrary is a lie. 'We readliy acknowledge that w' are interfering with buminess vy call ing this strike, and the more we Inte.r fere with the business in a legal way the sooner we will win the strike. "We can inconvenience the world if need be In order to wring a decent living from the company, as th coin pany itself can starve the world with. out being prosecuted." Tra.m. Demoralised. Memphis, Tenn.-The demoralisa tlion of the freight traffc department of the Illinois Central at Memphis is complete. Car No. 11842 was carded Oct 1 from Memphis to Birmingham, Ala., but by mistake of the scab clerks was sent to Greenville, Miss., as a carload of cottonseed. As cottonseed, it was not treated as perishable goods, and so was not opened at Greenville until a few days ago, when the condition of the butter was such that it can be used only as fertiliser if anyone can get close enough to it to handle it. Miateus Aid trikers. Council Bluffs, lows.-The minis ters' association ahe taken up the fight for the strikers and has representa tives at every meeting of the shop* men. The prospects look bright for the men. IMhlppera Make Protest. Evansville, Ind.--4hippers here are beginning to feel the effects of the strike on their business and kre pro testing against the action of the com pany in refusing to recognise the sys tem federation. I. C. GuOade Fined. Waterloo, Iqa.--Earl J. Yordy and J. A. Virts, two special policemen in the employ of the Illinois Central, were fined 8$3 a piece by Judge E. P. son, a striker. KrUtts4alttu's No a Scab. • owle, Aris.-Julius Kruttachnltt, Jr.. son of Jullus Kruttuchnltt. vie,, president and tdirector of maintenance and operation of all Harriman liniea. Is working as a strike breaker in the Southern Pacific shops here. I)ressed in greasy overalls. alttl his facr nd hands covered with smoke and dust, young Krutschnitt, who wtas assistant division superintendent of the Tucson division, oils boxes and htimmera ear wheels Women Raise F.mnds. McComb, Miss.-The Ladles' A'ixll lary to the I A. of M. has begun a campaign to raise funds for the needy sta kers and their families. No c..ll for nasistance h:as I ,e n made by the, Dreal federation, :.or mIrany dollatl ,.r are (.n ll'ng in ea'1 I :l. Coumcil Helps I. C. Cairo, Ill.-The city council flarly turned down a petition of the strikers that all the strike breakers employed by the Illinois Central be ordered to keep inside the yards at arl times. The local federation based its peti tion on the fact that the chiefs of po lice of many cities along the Illinois Central have themselves ordered the strike breakers not to leave the com pany's property. Ten of thn strikers appealed to Deputy Sheriff Greaney to be appoint ed special policemen to protect the I interests of the strikers, but he told them Superintendent Porterfield ob jected to the employment ofany of the i striking shopmen as deputy sheriffs or special policemen. Wrecking uew, Ineapble. Carbondale, Il.--The company has no wrecking crew which is capable of picking up engine No 1880, which has been lying along the tracks ever since the wreck of freight trains in the yards twelve days ago. Traffic in the freight department has been almost totally wrecked by the strike. Inue Daily Newspaper. East St. Louis. Ill -The strikers, goaded by the false reports In the local newspapers concerning the strike, last week issued the first copy of a daily newspaper to be published every day during the strike so that a true account of the great labor war may reach at least all the strikers. The paper is called 'The Daily Strike Bulletin" and contains enough ads to pay for the publication of the sheet and leave a small margin of profit to the local federation. The strikers held a mass meeting in the city had to give the general public an opportunity to learn the truth concerning the strike at East It. Louis and other points along the sys tem. CA.tN Yol .%ANWER THEBE VITAL QUNE$(TONS? II You 'an .inm.a and SUIll ie Con. tent to Keep Voting Agaist Your adlf, Terre I ouamething Wrong With You. Why so much hardship among the laboring class? Why so many strikes among the trades? is a workingman human, or is he just a dumb beast? Is a mere existence enough in re. turn for his time, brain and muscle? Is a man free who must work ten or twelve hours a day In order to keep his dear ones, from want? Has his family no claim at al1 on his time and person, except for his I-i which gives them bread? Can he do justice to his wife ant children and till labor f"om day light till dark? Does he not make more than a mere living In the number of hours he works? Is gold worth more than human haood and brain and muscle? Are we not entitled to a part of the good things In life? Or are we like he dumb horse, will. Ing to exist on a measure of oats and a bundle of hay? Is it fair that our employers enjoy so much for our labor, while we live so scant? Are his loved ones any dearer to him than ours are to us? Are they enttiled to so many more 'uxurles than ours are out of the very profit, that but for our labor would not be produced? Can we afford vacations, balls, tours to Europe, laces, velvest, silks, wines and kindred luxuries that our employ. ere enjoy? Are we not entitled to our share of these things? Or is it a crime to be poor and have to work ? Can capital exist without our labor? Wou.d gold have value if all labor ceased? Or must we continue for all time to be the puppets of the avariolous gold seekers and like dumb brutes exist on a measure of oats and a bundie of hay? Is there any need of poverty sad want It we had our just share aecord. Ing to our talents?