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Montana news. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, November 09, 1911, Image 2

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MNTANA NRWS
1'\I() PRtINTINtG AND) PI'll
S\. \I .\III rt........ plrs. and Editor
41. A. Itr n.... ..........Secretary
1. I r .......... ..... Ic Preidetlcft
Utiic 19 I'airk '.'\ p. 0. B3ox 908
Ent r 1 4! lii. l'st Oftice for trans
n11l.'sI'l1 Iiir,''Leh tit, nutil at second
(I lass rates.
. \lonthli .- -I . .
i%1),,1 IU T t, IrNIONl.M ON OURL'
Tih hilf aim of the master class
i t'kep the \orktera diided in var
into crafts and to ha\.v the contrac:s
fr each .xplire at different periods.
in order that the'. may fight only on.l
at a time
The reason for this is very simple'
and we might understatnd, that when
the hoKs desries to have the workers
divided that way. that it is to their
ad\antage and not ours.
Did you ever hear of an admiral
of a fleet sending out only one ship
at a tine to tight the enemy?:' Tha.
would 'he ridiculous. ..t the otflcials
of the railways attempt to keep the
nmen in that condition. Our chances,
like those of the admiral, would be
;esaened as regards victory.
hid you ever* see:'a farmer boy go
after honey when the bees were
around the hive? He usually man
aged to get the bees out of the way
by some Ingenious method or waited
until they went elsewhere of their
own accord.
Now, when a committee o.f employ s
visit the employers for better working
conditions the boss sees to it that the
bees are safely caged up, and this is
done by seeing to it that their con
tracts wilt not ezulre simultaneously.
It would hurt him, like the farmer
boy, to have all the bees get busy at
once.
The railway employes, almost to I
man. believe in this principle but do
not practice It.8ome employes, think
ing themselves better judges. be.deve
in the "sacred" (?) doctrine of "one
at a time". We will refer those to the
General Managers themsev'es or to the
Merchants and Manufacturers, either
of these has an organization on the
lines of strength, yet the more (?) in
telligent men do not believe in prac
ticing what the general managers ~,w
lieve
If craft separation was a good thing
for the workers the general managers
would not grant it. In other words.
the boss pactices one thing and tells
the workers not to do likewise.
Years ago when there was a strike
in a foundry everybody went out and
the irilke was usually won. now when
the same firm has trouble only a few
of the employes or one or Lwo crafts
go out and they usually loose and if
they do win it takes them a long time
to do it.
The best definition that I ever heard
of organization was given by Mr. C.
(). Young, organizer for the A. F. 4f
Il., as follows:
"Be organised before trouble, dur
ing a difficulty and after victory."
The time to organize is now Don't
wait for some one else to do it for
you, but do it yourself.
Some people say that this was tried
before as in the A. It. U strike and
It proved a failure as results proved.
However, do you think that when !t
required the I'. S. army to put down
the strike that it was a strong move
ment?
And even at that there was not even
good organization to start with and
the railway managers knew it.. Did
every railroad worker in the country
go out? Isn't It a fact that some of
them were not organsled until after
the strike was called? Do you cad
that perfect organization?
You Can Gauge Your Strength by
the F~ar of the Bons.
The boss will never he alarmed un
less there Is something to be alarmed
about and he will never he pleased
until you please him.
The System Federation that is being
launched ad over the country is
alarming the boss. The officials on
the Harriman lines are doing all in
their power to defeat the workers and
unless they defeat them now they will
never do it and despite this fact the
men are winning.
The merchants in the south are de
nouncing the officials of the I. C. Ry,
for not admitting defeat and when
that class realises the state of affairs
that ought to be good authority
THE STRENGTH OF LABOR.
Let us liken the tabor movement
to a huge compound locomotive, with
its high pressure side and its low pres.
uir.e featurles each of whlich ls ex
trtmtly powcrful.
li'ht two forces of labor consisting
of Industrial action and Political
power.
Iltry \torkina nman is either a full
ttedgd S.,ci:lilst or has tendencies In
that dirtetion of which he is not
a.are, for xailt: htvWhenever he
dinmands ;tn it Increase in wage he IS
stepping i \ wartls the co-popratiV"
cotmmonwnaitih and , ivry increase
.i\.s him ntor oft th Iproduct of
his toll.
The worker itui.t obtain all ihe can
by going after it direttly aInt whn
he has done that let him, like the
compound lnginel, xhtuist his power
into auoth, r force (the ballot) andI
place his o\ n rlrestntatltit ts into the
legisltiti'e halls. The tn. etlass that
'gill h, lIp tit,' rkr is thit ,orktr
h itms, If.
Jini th. ltartY of 'lir class, tote
Tlhornutl Inlit~tlgtaslk ,
r
\'i.latiln .of the federal h,,i, r in- e
spectln andl safety device lavws by c
the Ihini Central must bh" stopped. P
So says the Interstate commerce
mm,nnisiotn. which has intervened to
prteve.nt the company from reckless
. ndangering the live.s of its employes
as, wll as the traveling pl,ubiic an)y
The information that at last the
commission, aroused, would begin an
n\vestigation of the methods practiced
in the shops of the Illinois Central
since the beginning of the strike, was
received with unbounded enthusiasm
hy the strikers at Burnside, for it is
considered one of the greatest vic
tories yet won by the shopmenm.
A federal inspector will reach Chi
cago within the next few days to
make a thorough-going inspection of
the Bunrslde yards, according to a
letter sent by the interstate commerce
commission to Robert S. Knox, presi
dent of the local system federation
whippers 'ompnita
Spurred on by the many complaints
made by shippers and strikers from
many cities along the Illinois Central.
the commission will send out a corps
of inspectors to Investigate conditions
in each shop along the line to determ
e ine to what extent the company has
b been defying the federal laws design
ed to protect the lives and health of
Spassengers as well as employes on
r railroads. e
The law requires that boilers, air
brakes, and rolling stock be Inspected
Sconstantly by experts men so that the
dang. r may tIe reduced to a mini
mum.
I* Even in times of prosperity it Is
' difficult for the company to get com
. petent inspectors, but since the strike
is was caled and the inspectors struck.
It has been altogether Impossible to
C make even a sham inspection of most
d engines.
Air IFqulpmnlt Is Lce4t1vae.
Engineers ahve reported again and
again that the air equipment of their
trains was either defective or totally
useless.
Despite their protests, the company
has ordered the trains to be kept in
use, thereby making a big wreck
sooner or eater almost inevitable.
It is regared as almost miraculous
that some great disaster has not yet
oceurred on the Illinois Central,
I through the fact may be due to the
small number of freight trains now
in use.
I Again and again engineers have
I been unable to use the air brakes at
all and have hall to depend on the
t reverse lever to stop their trains.
The commissioners In their letter
state they have received numerous
compiaints recently about violationa
1 of the federal safety laws and that.
I after a thorough inspection is made.
I the company will he prosecuted to the
Y full extent of the law for any viola
f tions reported.
Investigatlhom Co'ukcedt - Applianes
Not Standard
II. W. IBelknap. chief inspector of
safety appliances of the Interstate
commerce commislon, is condutctlng
the government Inspection of the 11.1
nois Central shops.
Hei will try to find out to what ex
tent the Illinois Central has been vio
lating the federal laws requiring safe
ty devices for the protection of em
ployes and passengers.
He will ferret out the underhand
methods the company has been using
ti break up the system federation.
He and a corps of Inspectors will
investigate the condition of the Illi
nois Central rolling stock and will
show that the public is menaced by
dangerous engines and useess air
brakes likely at any time to Cause a
disaptrmus wreck or horrible smash
up
His litter to the business agent of
the Burnside strikers follows:
"I am In receipt of a letter under
dlate of oct iti. Iitned by MeuuIre
Murray. Ostenl .tid Malloy, relattv
to existing clnlltiofls on the Illnohe
Central rilro:ntl % ith respect to ali
brake equlltpi iiint.
In replly I'.I c t' advise that rlm
iliir compl~iIntý- h %, been received
from other iuilts 1'1n the line of thl
railroad and thi. t :ie now being In
vestlgated. 'N or cmplalnt also w l
lie given pr in t . ttntitofl.
ii. W. I3ELKNAP.
-
'rranusrwlatioln Ik)e IrIH'll.-RL- Od, -
'nallhle Ito salll.fy Puble
t'hitf Insp l, ' i'' t ety Appliance
Encouragir.: r, ports were recei\ d i
last week aIt 11l, h, iduarters of th,
Illinois C ntil i >i ttl,'rs, reports whl, Ihi
lead the etil. t'! It htlieve that :1i
'iln~als C.n:1..11 ,. I n now .:
last ditch ,.'I t't at ready to gi
up the ship
At Menph - 'l'enn . forty-eta It
steamboats and smnaller river cra:'.
which had I, in I> ing idle along tw,
Sharves for , ln.l time, have bew ,'
rtecommissi,n, i since the strike I - I
gan, and ,a', now doing the most
rushing Itusi. -s since the opening
of the riare. is gradually killed the
once enornit,- tralti' on the Mis-ts
sippll.
Ilvermen cr,', rw gray inl the Bert\l
> say they ne~t r blefor saw such an
a enormous anm 'tint of commerce t, ing
a carried on ,iti the river. since the
freight depiartlllent of the Illinois
Central is almost entirely tied up.
e shippers alonl Ithe' river are depend
a ing almost ,.ntirely on the Missis
j slppi to get their product sto the
I greater markets.
a The most complete tie-up anywhere
a on the system is on the Cedar Rapids
a branch, over which no freight train
has been moved in the east two weeks.
Very few passt'nger trains are being
I- run on the lint'. All that are run are
o late.
it There was a serious wreck on the
a main line near Cedar Rapids Two
e cars were derailed, but the engine
i- was making such poor time that the
damage was slight.
Kline I'redk4a S..the
Preldent J. W. Kline of the Inter
national Brotherhood of Bsackamiths
& HeSpers predicted thec the result
of the referendum vote just taken by
he Rock Island system federation will
be a decisive rejection of the com
pany's proposed wage schedule.
If the agreement has been rejected
and the company refuses to. aiodify
its demands, as in all probability it
'will, the only course open to the fed
eration oflicials is to order a refer
endium vote on the qeustion of caing
a strike.
Buckalew RetMrwa.
J. D. Buckalew, vice president of
the International Association of Ma
chinists, will return from his trip
through the south in time to make a
report at the mass meeting of the
Illinois Central strikers this week.
In a communication to II. J. Mal
I;y, from Memphis, Tenn., h." says he
has been meeting with extraordinary
enthusiasm among the striker in
southern states and that the prospects
of a victory are plendid. Ht length
,,ned his itinerary to include Indiana
polls and Centralia.
Hlmets Ig Beudnesa.
The Chicago mall order houses are
protesting against the continuance of
I the strike on the Illinols Central, as it
t is cutting big holes In their busineus
at points along that system
War or limpOuwn to Hpread, Is selief
of Preldent Klne
"' wouldn't be surprised to hear of
the shopmen going out on strike on
the Texas Pacific and other Pacifies
in a short time," said J. W. Kllne,
president of the International Broth
erhood of Blacksmiths and Ilelpers.
"It begins to look now as if the
strike would spread to many other
roads on which there seemed to be
no cause for trouble when the shop
men began their tight against the
lillnois Central and ,4outhern and
Union Pacincs.
Atrlkc Inevitabkl.
"The shopmen of the Texas Pacific
issued an ultimatum to the president
of the road demanding a recognition
of their system federation some time
ago, and when they were re.fused I
understand they went before the di
rectors and were by them, also, re
fused.
'Hence a strike on the Te.xas Pa
cific is inevitable unless the company
backs down in the next few days, be
cause it's a certainty that our men
will strike rather than give up the
idea of a sysem federation."
It seems today that nothing can
prevent the strike from spreading to
I the Rock Island and other roads west
of Chicago, making a complete tie-up
of several of the most Important
1 roads of the country.
Rlejt Wage .kale.
It is known that the IRock Island
f system federation has rejected, by an
overwhelming majority, the best wage
r scale the company would offer, and
that a trlke within the next two I
wee.ks Is practically certain.
The result of the referendum vote
\ ill not be ms'e public until the
,.tthials of the different crafts have
aI:ld it conference, but all admit that
tht men defeated the company's pro
After the vote has been ascertained.
the ofltcials wll' meek another confer
nce with the company. In case they
:tnnot get the conference or the .com
i:any refuses to make a better wage
,.tf, r the ottlcials will order a refer
.ndlurn vote on the question whether
the men wish to lsubmlit to go out on
rtrik, to enforce their demands. It
is l l\'versally conceded hatt the men
will vote In favor of a' strike unless
the comlpanTy hacks down.
In case a strike is chll d on the
I ck Island and Texas lI'elflc., I -
twen 15.000 and o0,000 men wi;l Ie
in.lvu'v.d In addition to the more than
....000 already on strike
.Anoth'r I. C Bluff.
"if th;e city authorities at Fulton
Ky., hav\e actually called in militia.
as the morning papers says, It's mer,,
ly another example of the game of
bluff which the Islinols C'entral has
been putting up since the beginning
of the strike." said Kiln..
"I have. no offcilal Information that
any troops were called in. but I do
know that the men there have been
as peaceful as any others along the
line, and that means that they haven't
done at single thing which would war
rant the noficers in calling in state
militia.
"Why,F ugton is such a small pirce
anyway that not more than 40 men at
most were ever employed in the shops
there, and it would be a sorry police
force which couldn't handle forty
peaceable men .
"No. it's simply another instance 'if
the Illinois Central taken advantage
of the fact that it owns, body and
soul, the omfciae of many of the
towns along the line in order to ln
timidate the strikers by calling for
state militia among the public gen
erally by crealngt he impresslon that
the shopmen are violent and that it
requires an army to keep them in
check.
iCABIM ARE INCOOMPIE NT.
The following confident statement
was made public by the executive
committee of the Bunraide strikers:
sltuatlon at Burnside looks bright for
us. Everybody is standing firm; there
are no desertions.
How Work Is Dose.
"An engineer reported something
wrong with the flue or smoke box of
an engine and had it sent to the yards
for repairs. A scab boilermaker,
Iwithout knowing what the trouble
was or where or how to look for it,
merely opened the front end, pulled
out the cinders, and marked the en
gine O. K.
"Pickets report 1I scabs, including
tinners, turned loose last week by
the company.
"ltteamfltters report that at the
coach yard at i8xteenth street the
a steam is coming out o badly that
s the company will have to shut it off
or fix up the yard. They can't get
anyone to make repairs, so they had
to shut off the steam
"On good Information we can posli
tlivey state that there are not 160
f scabs In the Burnside hops to fll
t the places of 3.500 men who laid
s down their tools and walked out.
"JOSEPH HERSM ER,
"Secretary "
nan't Endure CondltUom.
Paducah. Ky.-Four Clerks who
were admitted to the union shortly
before the strike, went back to work.
but were unable to endure the condi
tions imposed on them by the bosses.
They reported back to the clerk's
union and begged to have their cards
restored to them, saying that if they
were forgiven they would never be
gullty again. They were al: young
boys and have learned a good lesson
In unionism.
All A Refused.
Hundreds of the strikers have ap
plied for work at Pullman. but all
were refused. The formen were In
structed to so courteously reject strik
ers' applications that they would not
suspect the blacklist is being used
against them.
The courts, in the famous case of
the Buck 8tove and Range Co. and
numerous other cases have struck a
deadly blow at the boycott. But the
blacklist, by a curious sort of logie,
has ben found perfectly legal. Noth
Ing better is needed to show the c.lss
character of the courts.
All Is bright.
Mounds, Ill -Eveythlng here looks
bright to the strike ofltclals. The en
gines in the yards are all In bad con
dition and practically no freight trains
are moving The strike breakers are
not allowed to leave the yards.
Why Taft Tsin aroke Down.
Ogden, Utah.-The cause of the
breakdown of President Taft's train
in Utah has just been learned by the
strikers, delayed on account of the U
secrecy with which the company trl. d I
to conceal the' disaster.
The train was three hours late
when it limped into Ogden. The faul.
ty repair work of the strike breaker, p
was undoubtedl> responsible for the a
slow pogress the' train made, though il
the officials had been careful ito I
choose the best engine in the yards
for the Taft sepcial. f
The ceverland Limlited on the Union a
Pacific fell behind several hours near a
North I'lattt. Neb., and finally died I
on the' road. The freight engine I
taken on at (]rand Island, Neb.. went
crawling along for a few miles and
finally stopped. a
The crew c.onflscated the engine of
a freight which came up after a few
houlrs delaly. andl started west at an
eight-heour clip. fast time for the Un
tIin I'aeifiet sine,' the strike.
(;one the IAmlt
Memlnphis, T-,nn.-That the lillnols
entral h:as just about gone the limit
Son its oppeositon to the strikers is
shown by the fact that the company
.Is beginning to use switch engines to
f haul the passenger trains
The high-class passenger engines
Sgae. out shaortly after the strike began
and the freight engines have been
t used till they could not be used any
h longer. When the switch engines die,
I the traffic on the Memphis division at
e least will he compiletely tied up
t fllA Clerks Quit.
Vickseurg. Miss.-A bunch of bill
clerks shlpped in by the company
quit as .o,,n as they had reported for
e work and joined the union clerks on
strike.
A scab machine' foremant took to
e task a plumber who was installdng
1 shower baths for the scabs. The
plumber seised a piece of pipe and by
the time he had finished on the scab
fe oreman the latter was in a dangerous
condition.
e The few strike breakers Imported
' Into Vicksburg are all ruffians of the
r worst type, taken from the slums of
" the big northern cities.
T. r me Walk J. It.
Bakersfield, Cal.-All truckmen in
the Southern Pacific freight station
here have gone on strike. The shop
men are jubilant because none of
their number has returned to work
since the beginning of the strike.
I. C. Guard Arreted.
Waterloo, Iowa -A. Nelson, a hea
vily armed guard in the employ of
of the Illinois Central. was arrested
in East Fourth street as he was boast
Ing to a crowd of by-standers of his
prowess as a policeman He was in
toxicated and declared he came 'o
Waterloo to protect the police force.
He showed his Chicago police star,
No. 844, which he wore under has
coat. He will be tried for carrying
concealed weapons, as none of th".
company's guards has been given au
thority to carry arms outside the
.ards.
IPaulin Conideat.
Waterloo, lowa.--' am confident
that we have the Illinois Central
whipped." said Frank Paquin, vice
president of the International Bro
therhood of Railway Carmen.
'The company will take any nlan
back to help break the strike, no m.at
ter whether he is a thug., a criminal.
or the worst ruman, and anything
said to the contrary is a lie.
'We readliy acknowledge that w'
are interfering with buminess vy call
ing this strike, and the more we Inte.r
fere with the business in a legal way
the sooner we will win the strike.
"We can inconvenience the world
if need be In order to wring a decent
living from the company, as th coin
pany itself can starve the world with.
out being prosecuted."
Tra.m. Demoralised.
Memphis, Tenn.-The demoralisa
tlion of the freight traffc department
of the Illinois Central at Memphis is
complete.
Car No. 11842 was carded Oct 1
from Memphis to Birmingham, Ala.,
but by mistake of the scab clerks
was sent to Greenville, Miss., as a
carload of cottonseed.
As cottonseed, it was not treated
as perishable goods, and so was not
opened at Greenville until a few days
ago, when the condition of the butter
was such that it can be used only
as fertiliser if anyone can get close
enough to it to handle it.
Miateus Aid trikers.
Council Bluffs, lows.-The minis
ters' association ahe taken up the fight
for the strikers and has representa
tives at every meeting of the shop*
men. The prospects look bright for
the men.
IMhlppera Make Protest.
Evansville, Ind.--4hippers here are
beginning to feel the effects of the
strike on their business and kre pro
testing against the action of the com
pany in refusing to recognise the sys
tem federation.
I. C. GuOade Fined.
Waterloo, Iqa.--Earl J. Yordy
and J. A. Virts, two special policemen
in the employ of the Illinois Central,
were fined 8$3 a piece by Judge E. P.
son, a striker.
KrUtts4alttu's No a Scab.
• owle, Aris.-Julius Kruttachnltt,
Jr.. son of Jullus Kruttuchnltt. vie,,
president and tdirector of maintenance
and operation of all Harriman liniea.
Is working as a strike breaker in the
Southern Pacific shops here.
I)ressed in greasy overalls. alttl his
facr nd hands covered with smoke
and dust, young Krutschnitt, who wtas
assistant division superintendent of
the Tucson division, oils boxes and
htimmera ear wheels
Women Raise F.mnds.
McComb, Miss.-The Ladles' A'ixll
lary to the I A. of M. has begun a
campaign to raise funds for the needy
sta kers and their families. No c..ll
for nasistance h:as I ,e n made by the,
Dreal federation, :.or mIrany dollatl ,.r
are (.n ll'ng in ea'1 I :l.
Coumcil Helps I. C.
Cairo, Ill.-The city council flarly
turned down a petition of the strikers
that all the strike breakers employed
by the Illinois Central be ordered to
keep inside the yards at arl times.
The local federation based its peti
tion on the fact that the chiefs of po
lice of many cities along the Illinois
Central have themselves ordered the
strike breakers not to leave the com
pany's property.
Ten of thn strikers appealed to
Deputy Sheriff Greaney to be appoint
ed special policemen to protect the
I interests of the strikers, but he told
them Superintendent Porterfield ob
jected to the employment ofany of the
i striking shopmen as deputy sheriffs
or special policemen.
Wrecking uew, Ineapble.
Carbondale, Il.--The company has
no wrecking crew which is capable of
picking up engine No 1880, which has
been lying along the tracks ever since
the wreck of freight trains in the
yards twelve days ago. Traffic in the
freight department has been almost
totally wrecked by the strike.
Inue Daily Newspaper.
East St. Louis. Ill -The strikers,
goaded by the false reports In the
local newspapers concerning the
strike, last week issued the first copy
of a daily newspaper to be published
every day during the strike so that
a true account of the great labor war
may reach at least all the strikers.
The paper is called 'The Daily
Strike Bulletin" and contains enough
ads to pay for the publication of the
sheet and leave a small margin of
profit to the local federation.
The strikers held a mass meeting
in the city had to give the general
public an opportunity to learn the
truth concerning the strike at East It.
Louis and other points along the sys
tem.
CA.tN Yol .%ANWER THEBE VITAL
QUNE$(TONS?
II You 'an .inm.a and SUIll ie Con.
tent to Keep Voting Agaist Your
adlf, Terre I ouamething Wrong
With You.
Why so much hardship among the
laboring class?
Why so many strikes among the
trades?
is a workingman human, or is he
just a dumb beast?
Is a mere existence enough in re.
turn for his time, brain and muscle?
Is a man free who must work ten
or twelve hours a day In order to
keep his dear ones, from want?
Has his family no claim at al1 on
his time and person, except for his
I-i which gives them bread?
Can he do justice to his wife ant
children and till labor f"om day light
till dark?
Does he not make more than a mere
living In the number of hours he
works?
Is gold worth more than human
haood and brain and muscle?
Are we not entitled to a part of the
good things In life?
Or are we like he dumb horse, will.
Ing to exist on a measure of oats and
a bundle of hay?
Is it fair that our employers enjoy
so much for our labor, while we live
so scant?
Are his loved ones any dearer to
him than ours are to us?
Are they enttiled to so many more
'uxurles than ours are out of the very
profit, that but for our labor would
not be produced?
Can we afford vacations, balls, tours
to Europe, laces, velvest, silks, wines
and kindred luxuries that our employ.
ere enjoy?
Are we not entitled to our share of
these things?
Or is it a crime to be poor and have
to work ?
Can capital exist without our labor?
Wou.d gold have value if all labor
ceased?
Or must we continue for all time to
be the puppets of the avariolous gold
seekers and like dumb brutes exist on
a measure of oats and a bundie of
hay?
Is there any need of poverty sad
want It we had our just share aecord.
Ing to our talents?

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