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Issead Weekly by the 1 NION PRIN'TING AND PUB LIBHING COMPANY Ofice: 13 Park Ave P. O. Box 08 Entered at the Post Office for trans minsion through the mail at second class rates. SUBBOR~PTIONU: One Year...................... 50c Six Months .................... 25c THE RAILRdOAD STRIKE There appear. Lo be a crisis rapill applroaching in the labor world in America, and the possibility of a strike on nearly every railroad In the United States and Canada. The strike of the shopmen on the Harriman Lines and Illinois Central has developed to the stage where it is liable to spread. Other raeroads are hauling the freight for the Harrlman lines. Cars belong. Ing to the Harriman Lines and Illinois Central Ralway are being relaired by union men on other raleoads. Any objections that the union men employed by railroads out.ide the strike zone, may make agaln~c shrl pairing care from the strike roadlare met by decisions and laws, rules and regulations of the Interstate Commerce Commislion, and if the union men efuse to do the work on any car from off the Harriman LInes, they make themselves ~lable. The injunction made by President Taft, while a Federal Judge, 22 years ago against the enginemen on the Michigan Central Railway, who re fused to handle the C B. & Q. raill road cars will give the railroads a basis to apply for the protection of the courts against the union men refusing '.o handle the cars of the Harriman Lines and Ildnois Cental Railroad. But in case of a strike on all railroads it wile be a different matter. The decision of the United States Supreme Court in 1805 on 'he appeal taken by the unions of the Northern Pacific Railway against the Injunction Isued by Judge Jenkins of the United States Circuit Court, slitlag in Mil waukee in December 1893 gives all railroad men the legal right to qui; working for a ralssaod at any time they see fit. The Injunction Isued by Judge Jenkins was without doubt the most wide-sweeping tanunction ever issued against any union. The Northern Pacific Railroad made a reduction In wages that aver aged 13 per cent. The employees of the Northern Pacific railroad threa ened *o stike, the officials of the rail way company applied to Judge Jenkins for an injunction the Injunction was granted and enjoined the railroad men from quittlng the service of-the railroad either singly or collectively under pain of punishment for con temnpt of court. The judge basing tis dtcison on the fact tha the rail road was In the hands of the Re ceivers appointed by him, and that the employees were employees of the court and could not quit work un less the court said so. The Injuncdlon was composed of over 7,000 words This injunction prevented a strike on the Northern Pacific Railway in January 1894, but the injunction was a sple.ndid orgaliser for the Ameri can Railway Union and the men went on strike six months later re gardlcss of the Injuncton. An appealr was taken to the Su preme Court on Judge Jenklns in Junction and nearly two years Ia er the highest court in the land decided that railroad men could quit their jobs either singly or collectively at any time they saw fit, thereby legal Izing the right to strike on railroads even if he railroad in queston be in the hands of rec.lvera. But, the employees of the Northern Pacific RaP way were ahead If the Supreme Court by eighteen months as they went on strike June 26, 1894 In the face of .he injunction and In defiance of Judge Jenkns, and thereby asserted their manhood and guaranteed th"lr right to quit when they saw fit. Without doubt the Sherman Anti trust law will be envoked extensively against the unions, and it is as likely as not we will see an attempt made before many weeks are over, to dis solve all unions simillar to the action taken against the Standard Oil Com pnay, but more effective. Should the railroad strike lut 60 days more, there will be in sad likell hood be a strike called on all rail roads, with a demand for an eight hour day This will bring about the greatest railroad stike America has ever seen, and will without doubt change the whole form of unionism on 'the railroads, and create a new phase in the labor movement and advance the time of nationalization of therailroada In fact there are only two ways open to the railroad union men to win the striket on the Harriman Linea and Illlinoils Central Railway and that Is to aupply the strikers with more money to carry on the strike than :he railroad companies care to spend In defeatng the stke* or 'to call out the men on every railroad in the country at the same time. on a demand for the same schedule as the strikers are now making. an eight hour day without a decrease in pay. If the strike on the Harriman Lines and the Illinois Central Railroad Is loet the unions on the railroads will suffer a reverse that i il take years to recover from. MRN. PANKHr'8RTS MEETING The half hearted manner in which the club women of Helena took part in the lecture In Helena by Mrs. Pankhurst the veteran suffragette does not speak well for thte cause of woman's suffrage as far as the wo men's club is concerned. Mrs. Pankhurst's meeting showed no en'husiasm either before or after, on the part of the Helena women. The meettng was under the auspices of the silk stocking and pink tea element of the west side, no adver tsing was done, except the free no ticest given by the press. Fifty cents admitLance was charged to the lect ure., this money went to help pay the expenses of securing the Auditor ium, although there are a few c,'ub women in Helena, who indivdually could have paid the expenses of the meeting alone. had the desire for suffrage been strong enough in them Governor Norris acted as chairman of the meeting and introduced Mrs Pankhurst, the governor acted In a very gingerly manner, was noncom mittal regarding the merits of suf frage and seemed to be ashamed of the fact that he was on the same platform with a suffragette, perhaps the governor may have been living in anticipation of gettng a drubbng such as Premier Asquith receives over in London from the hands of the Pank hurst crew. One thing was demostrated at the Pankhurst meeting and that is, if the women of Montana desire the ballot they will have to organizae and work for it. without allowing the silk stock ing and pink tea element of Helena monopolize speakers and throw wet blankets over the work. It is not banqueting or holding re ceptons for the speakers of the wo man's suffrage cause that is required. but a good hard campaign of educa don. Women will never receive the ballot in this state until they demand it. Had Mrs Pankhurst's meeting in Helena been held under the auspices of Socialist women there would have been a greater audience aistened to her lecture, but, there would have been no auto-mobile rides around town, or receptions at the swell hotel. I I ." r" -'l - = --' " r r . - L FREE EMPL)YMENT BUREAU I1OR HELENA. Herman Luehman, the Socialist ald erman In Helena has succeeded In getting the city council to enablish a free employment bureau. The city employment bureau will commence operations on January Is,, and present Indications are that it will be a popular institu.ion. A municipal employment bureau ex isted before in Helena. In the days when the Populists held away, but with the down fall of Populism the municipal femployment bureau went out of existence. With only one Socialist In the cit) council, Socialist Alderman Luehman is to be congratulated on the good work he has accomplished. Lot us imagine two slave owners, one owning ferall,- land, on which he works ignorant slaves, and pro duces large quantities of cheap foods, the other owning poorer land, from which he produces valuable, high goods by means of slaves whom he takes pains to educate. Even under slavery the latter group would be being Intelligent, they would be mrre likely -o rebel against their sl aver. Whatever the original intention of their a.asters, be they never so me. fish the skilled slaves are far nearer freedom than the Igorant slaves. The application of the parable is obvious. AGAINnT DEPORTING REipEFUr At the request of Berger, Secretary Nagel, f the Department of Commerce and LA.)or, has granted a stay In the deportation order against Marcus, a Russlan political refugee. Nagel assured Berger that the Russian Government charges that Mar cus is "an ordinary criminal." A* a matter of fact Marcus' "crimes' con mists of his active partlcipalon in the Russian rvolutionary movement. He has already served six years In Rue slan dungons for his "crimes". IS BOCIAIUgM OPPOSED TO UI lIDN. W;1? R. Shier.. It is aid that Sociallman is opposed to reUglon. Bu. in what way is Soolalsm op posed to religion? Is there anything in the Sodlist Party platform inimical to regleta? Has The International Booiallst Oon gress, or any of its afflliated bodies, ever adopted a resolution aiming to destroy belwef in a supreme being, in a future .ife. in the divinl.y of Jesus or in any other religious docori? Has any Socialist in any legiaglie at any time in riduced a bill that sought to demolish the churches or to interfere with any one's re.1.tous ideas? All those ulll tion must be an swered unrescr\ idly in the negtive Then has the .ociallyst plattirm nothing whate\, r to say abou'o rel igion? No, it has nothing to say about religion. xcepit '.o say that the Soclmist Party is not concerned w th it. It is :rue that many Socialists .re avowed achelsts Hut It is also true that many SociaUlst are avowed Christians Scores of clergymen belong to the Socialist Party. It is easy to quote attacks up)n redlgion from the speeches and writ ings of certain eminent Soclaisth And our unscrupulous oppoMne make liberal se of such quotatolns to discredit the Socialist movement in the eyes of religious people. But Is that a fair mehod of attack? Is it fair to censure any organs on because of the personar opinions of some of Its members? And is it fair to dwell on the bl.ter things they ihve said while not giving them credit for the many sweet things they heve clad ? Would It Ib fair to say that the democratic party avocated vegebr lanism because many democrats are vegetarlano? Or would It be fair to charge the republlcan party with ag nostician because Robert Ingermll, an ardent republican, went up and down the land declaring that he did not know whether there was any God or not? Certainly not. Well, a Soclaibt's religious belief, like a republicq'o or democrat's redgious belief, has no more to do with his politics than,the way he parts his hair. That thls is so may be quickly Ie termined by asking yourself whao.er religion will not be just as safe en der a working clams government oon trogled by corporation magu. esa, whether there is anything In the na ture of public ownership to make people Irreligious or Immoal and whether labor legislation is dlkely to upset anyone's religious ideas. It Sociallsts critize the church it is because the church is so l.ckward in espousing the cause of the work ing people. The only way the church can escape such criticism is to cease deserving it.hy stepping into tha ranks of those who are fighting for econ omic justice. Men are not like horses, becomiag more docile as they become more In telligent. The more they have, the more they want The more latell gent they are in industrial matters, the more likely they are to be In teldigent in political and economei matters. WE IWKT THE EILE7ION IN LAM ANGIOELE. By Josephine ('onger-Kaneko. We lost the election in Los Angeles But don't lets waste any t:me specu lating as to why we lost. It may have been the McNamara confession. It may have been the enfranchisement of the women. it may have been a number of things. But rest assured. there was one thing responsibl., and that above and beyond all ,thers: abtthaove and beyond all others: There were not enough 8ociahlsts !n Los Angeles to h"cet Harriman. That is the reason we lost the election. And that is a c('use that .in be remedied in time. It can be remedied if we I,, the right thing, the Intelligent thing What we need in Les Angeles, what we need eve.rywhere, is more edlucalon The people's minds must be revol utohlsed before their voet s can count for anything We need more and better Ilterature. We need con structive literature. And we need workers to distribute it. We need fewer leaders "(hewing the rag over "fine points", and greater solid arity among the rank and file. Wi need a rank and file that reads, thinks and acts. Whatever we may gali, if it does not come from the heart and brain of the nases is superficial and means little in the real count of things. We have Just had a great object lesson In the Labor and Socalllst movements. We have had a great city going wild after "'tes"; votes moat be gained at al hasards, whether :hey unadmse4 the furt1mina Ing of Soelallrn or not lves protest votes would do. We were erasy to "elect our myonr". But the msses didn't understand Uooallsm, and we lost. Los Atgeles must do now what every city should do--concentrate her forces and wage such a campaign of education as the city has never known before. When the masses understand there wil7 be no question as to how the "vote" will go. The Labor movement has given us an object lesson in "direct action". And It has failed miserably Those who believed they could carry the labor movement to victory the de structive methods employed by cap Italists, have found hemselves at last stripped of all powers, helpless child ren in the hands of the enemy. And their impracticability and their lack of faith in their own methods have shown themsetlve through their "con fession" at the hour when another wing of the labor movement was hoping to sweep Into victory on the political fleMd. Had these men, who were so will Ing to risk thel ives of others in their "direct action" methods been as ready to risk their own when the test came they might have won some bik of respect even from those who are not in sym pathy of such methods. But as their methods were capitalisme and coward ly, so have been heir suport of their methodd. And this object lesson in "direct action", with its logical re sults should cure any budding, or misnamed revolutionary Socialist of all "direct action" fever. It is too apt to result in tragic-farce. Neither voees for the mere sake of Inauguradng revolutionary Socialism Socialism must come in through the Intelligent and conscious activity of the masses of the people. That is .why we must never stop our effort at education. We have ace.'y scratched the surface. We have got to dig deep, and sow our seed thick, before we can have satistectory results We will never swing into the co-op ative commonwealth at the heels of a few orators and bomb throwers. Good literature, plenty of it, and with workers 4o distribute it, that is what the Socialist movement of Amnerca needs to-day. And the least conspicuouoe, most timid woman who carries a bundle of papers, or leaflets to her neighbor's door is a better soldier for the cause than a score of woold-be heroes whose mental pro ceases would continually read the party Into broils and scraps an4 final disruption. Let us have more of the silent and effective workers! THE WOMEN OF r.EADING. By Theresa Malklel Reaing, Pa, has come into the pub. lie eye, first through the election of Comrade Maurer as the first Socialist to sit in the Pennsylvania eglslature, and next becauee of the wonderful activity of its Socialist local during the last municipal election. Every phase of that activity, but, one, has been gone over a number of times and that is--the activity of the wo men Interested In seeing Soclallm victorious. It has ever been thus, woman has never come down to posterlty, but for her connection with some one great man. And yet, the women of Read ing have' played a considerable role in the life and welifare of the So cialist movement In Reading. It was the women who have made the social life of the Reading So clalists one worthy to be copied by every Socialist local. While the so clal phase of the movement remained a great necessity to the movement, while the people of the town had dll to be shown that the S ocialdsts are not home destroyers, but on the contrary prosdoters of brotbhery feel ing, of human relationship, the wo men gave their time to arranging suppers, entertainments, picnics, and so forth, were all the Socialist mem bers and sympatherisers met in social Intercourse, ate, danced and made merry, while discussing the graver, bigger phase of life. The money realised from all these affairs the women used for the pur pose of making the Socialist home, or the Reading Labor Lyceum apgesr homelike and comfortable, they: paper ed the place, bought Surniture and decorations, saw that It was kept clean, while a small portion of the money was set aside for an entirely differeMt, though equally noble, pur pose. Every sick woman of Reading who was either a Socialist, or a Social itt sympathiser, was sure to receive a bouquet of fowers form the Social let women In her hours of pain and sorrow, The flowers were, as a rule, brougt to the sufferer by a committee of two who expressed personally the love and sympathy of her sisters. Small and Insignificant ast his pur pose may seem at first glance, It meant much to the oolealist cause in the end. We wle know the tad life of the ,worklamaln's wife and ean easily reallae how much harder that lie is made bg aikness. It is than that thnlUs seenathings seem blackest. It is thee that the poor woman yearns for love, for sympathy, sad receiving it at the hands of the Socialists she remains true to them forever after. But the women are not as narrow as some think th m to be. This year, when socialism made good in Realng and prepared to become the poiltical guide of its citlens, thewo men realised the seriousness of the L'uatlon, the many obstacles In the field, and at once changed their meth od of action. Just as enthusiastical ly as they used to bake, cook and brew for Sociallsm, they commenced toegitate, speak, distribute literature and old meetings for socialsm. ? The large knitting mills, where thousands of women and children are employed, were covered with Social let literature especla¶y written for women The markets, too were not slighted. The women comrades were there on the Job at 7 A. M . and while a Socialist speaker would ex plain to the good housewives the cause of the high cost of livIng, the women comrades wou'd supplement the speaker's argument with proper leaflets. &reet and indoor meetings were held where women speakers ap pealed to women to protect them selves and their children, to use their Influence for the Socialist cause. There is scarcely another woman is franchised city in the country, where the average housewife was made as thoroughly acquainted with the issue of the campaign as she was in Read Ing. Pa. This was due to the activity of the women comrades who stand shoulder to shoulder with their husbands and brothers In time of war as well as in time of peace. The battle was temporarily lost, but the seed planted is bound to grow and the women comrades are sure to help its growth. BAREICACED SOCAlbLU . The Panama Canal Commission besides making the statement that the big ditch would be ready for buelnem In nlneeen hundred and thirteen. made another very interestingr tate meet that will be of great importance If it la carried out, because It will mean hat the Canal Zone wld never mean that the Canal Zone win never harbar a middleman. At presentUncle lam, beeldes cutting the waterway. is unninlr a railroad. steamship line, telegraph and telephone lines, the postoffice, the banklng buslaeu, free 'T'he Home of the MASON CHIPPEWA Best Work Shoe for RAILROADERS and otf iers demanding the par-excellence in this line of footwear - GORDON MERFANTILE HELENA, MONT, wage ted age r~~ I~r~if7Toffm - Uy owro IsTw7.?..ofwrwhI ww came ~ - pov3'nJ-k- claupo - imal A AApO. ~m VPANT, SEOI ILLr/. ~~aM.trM t t ItM td':Q ·di mM· re r n "".S pore s " A hlch e . a .m "° ..°a ya icel 6"ar ."N t·a pactie q tabua dab ts I wl I YON us raw ý"ý" 'ANY, ONIANOILL.O sohool, big stores where everytMat i- sold at coat, and doing everythsn else in the moat soolaletic manner, and in such a way as to bring credit to himself and joy to the heart of every one with whom he has dealrtn This sastemn, ooordlng to the oomml. ston, is to be kept up and extended as conditions may require if the plans proposed for the ultimate settlement of the Zone are carried out. For state reasons, all forelinerm are to be drawn from the Canal con struction corpe as their service oann be dispensed with and none will be employed permanently upon the omnal establishment except American olti senat The force necessary to operate the Canal and its auxillaries and all the machinery necessary to keep such a big undertaking in active operation wil be enormous, and it is proposed to do for them in the same way as the construction corps Is being dealt with now. Tracts of land will be granted to all employees who will make use of them and no title wil be necemsay, none given or required, nothing but occupancy and use will be the title Production and distribution will, in this way, belong to all the people of the Canal Zone and will be an ex ample and an incentive for a further extension of the Idea in the remanlader of Uncle aun's domains When the middleman is eliminated and with him his extortionate greed, the people are no longer skinned and san live better and enJoy life better, they bees than It formerly coet them. All this La very objectionable to those who that such methods would undermine society and deprive the worker of his independence and whole lots of other thinng of an evil character too numer ous to mention, but if the people enn live beter an denjoy ltfe better, they won't grumble if Uncle Sam runs the buiLness So success to the Panama Canal Commission and their scheme to occupy the Zone, even it it is socialltic.-Machinists' Journal. - - - - - - - - - --- - --- -- - eras m YuAn. ý r.