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The emigrant aid journal of Minnesota. [volume] (Nininger City, Minn. Terr. [i.e. Minn.]) 1856-1858, December 01, 1856, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024825/1856-12-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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SBROU ARn nOnUSTOBS: I
i IGNATIUS DONNELLY A PHILIP BOHB. |
Terms, $2.00 per annum, payable in advance. j
All Maaunieations to be addressed care of LOUIS
Vastmaeter, Niainger, Dakotah Co., X.. T., or to'
Messrs. DONNELLY and BOHR, 108 Walaut Bt, Pbiladelpliia.
ADVERTISEMENTS
(in the English or German language,) under one square—eight
brevier lines—aro charged, ONE DOLLAR, fbr two insertions.
Other advertisements in proportion. Special contracts will he
m«Js fbr yearly or half yearly advertisements, which are payable
at the time of contract.
OU& PROSPECTUS.
He that would commence a new journal in the older
States should have strong reasons to urge in his Awn de
fence. Nothing but great means or great energy should
justify such an attempt. The ranks are full and competi- j
tion great, and an honorable position can only be attained j
by long and laborious struggles. But a new newspaper,
in a new town in the great West, is the natural result of
the growth of the town and indicative of it. So much do
we find this to be the case that in St. Paul, a town of ten
thousand inhabitants, there are five newspapers, while in
Philadelphia, with five hundred thousand inhabitants or
fifty times the number, there are but forty. That is to
say, if there were the same number of newspapers in
Philadelphia in proportion to the population, as in St.
Paul, we should have two hundred and fifty journals in
stead of forty.
A newspaper in the West is the voice by which the new
town makes its merits and its claims known to the sur
rounding world. It is the voice by Which thoseafnr off
are attracted towards it, and onoe interested, by which thtfr
business, their interests and their suocess are made public.
To the new town the newspaper becomes an agent in itg
» herald in inrprosperity and a stay «a iu Adv^
All this, and more, we propose to become to -Nimnger
Ctty, in whose ultimate and great success we have an abi
ding confidence. Whatever energy, tslct, skill and indus
try can, through the columns of a newspaper, do'for a
town, shall, within the limits of onr capacity, be done
through the Emigrant Aid Journal for Nininger.
As to circulation we set no limit to it. We shall scat
ter our papers broadcast over the land. Publicity, in this
country, is the one great necessity for success—and pub
licity we need for our town’s sake and our paper’s success.
We shall look for pecuniary aid to our advertising columns,
and to the efforts of those invested in Nininger, to aid in
supporting us. We do not seek or anticipate profit—all
we require is sufficient to support the paper in the style m
which it will and ought to be conducted.
It will become also the representative of the great “ Emi
grant Aid Society of Minnesota.” Of this organization
we speak in another column. The novelty of its position
as the journal of such a company, and the extensive cir
culation it will have among the friends and members of
that project will make its advertising columns especially
valuable to the business man East or West. It will have
that about it which will fix the eyes of the community on
it; it will be conducted with energy and liberality, and its
circulation will extend wherever we think the advantage of
the paper itself, of Nininger City, or of the Emigrant So
ciety requires it. We commence the enterprise in no pic
ayune spirit and we will seek to make it the great emigra
tion paper of the West —the representative paper of the
West. With tbeße motives we can, therefore, properly
ask the advertisements of those business men who desire
a knowledge of their wares brought home to the western
people. They cannot but acknowledge that the appear
ance of the paper, its character and its objects, are suffi
cient to fix the attention wherever it is circulated; nor can
they doubt that the same energy will give it the most ex
tensive circulation.
Wc have reduced our advertising charges as low as the
cost of publishing the paper will permit. They are stated
in another column. They are, as compared with other pa
pers, very moderate.
The paper will be continued in the same style as the
present number. It will be published monthly until May
next, after which it will appear every two weeks. Some
slight intermission may occur between this number and the
next, as it will be necessary to remove, in the meantime,
all our printing materials to Minnesota, to send out com
petent workmen, open an office, &c. These matters will,
however, be despatched as quickly as possible, and the sec
ond number will make its appearance in Nininger. After
wards the paper will be published regularly at the times
mentioned.
The second and all subsequent numbers will contain a
map of the Territory, showing the relations of Nininger
with the surrounding country. The engraving of it was
not finished in time for this number. It will also show,
from time to time, all new towns commenced in the Terri
tory, with the changes of county boundaries, &c.
With the second number will likewise commence a vari
ety of important information as regards the different parts
of the Territory not yet located—the quantities of govern
ment land yet open for entry in the different land offices—
the different routes of travel leading to the Territory, with
their advantages and disadvantages, and the cost of travel,
together with every other species of information which
can be of service to the emigrant.
Possibly, during the winter, and certainly upon the open
ing of navigation in the spring, both the editors of the
paper will be permanently located in Nininger and able to
give the interests of the paper their personal supervision
and attention. As to its future success there can be no
question.
at tIM time of contract
AGRICULTURAL FAIR IN MINNESOTA.
“The enterprising fanners of the rapidly growing Terri
tory of Minnesota, have just been holding a Territorial
Fair, at St. Paul. It is said to have been a highly credit
able exhibition, and to have been well attended. Ex-Gov.
Ramsey delivered the address.”— Phila. Morning Times.
“DOST THOU KNOW HOW TO PLAY THE FIDDLE?” r *NO,” ANSWERED f ’ BUT 1 UNDERSTAND THE ART OF RAISING A LITTLE VILLAGE INTO A GREAT CITY.”
THE MINNESOTA EMIGRANT AID ASSOCIATION.
There is a certain kind of folly in this world that keeps
Hs nose to the grindstone, shuts its eyes to the outer ?%rld
and goes straight on, full of self—self—self—nothing but
mean, close, miserable self. There is another sbrt that ex
pands its waistcoat, throws wide its arms, talks Unmeaning
generalities and exhausts itself in theoretical philanthro
pies. Both are wrong. Illimitable selfishness and illimi
table benevolence equally defeat their own object. There
is, however, a desire to do good to mankind—♦ober, plain,
practical good,—as far removed from the one of these ex
tremes as the other. That desire we profess to feel. We
are not philanthropists—far be it from us, but we do know
that God Almighty, in his sovereign benevolence, has*
thrown wide to humanity millions on millions of nntilled
acres in the great West, that lie there waiting for hands to
cover them with harvests. And we do know that in the
crowded cities of onr own'land and in the crowded States
of Europe, thousands on thousands of onr fellow-citizens
are toiling through life t for the means to support life, who,
on thosejwroad acres, would soon find ease and comfort'and
affluence. Now to assist that emigration, which God him:’
superintends, seems to us one of the noblest works tb
which man could devote himself. To our pur-'
pose, let us stop ai this Corner of a great city and get th#
tide of population set us. It is sundown. Note- that l
poor laborer. He comes from * hard day’s work. fie
clothed in rags. Me stoops beneath a of fcppKkjt
gathered to save the cost of coal daring the winter. Brora
morning nntil night that man’s muscleahave been going.
The miserable pittance be receives is scarce enough to keep
his wife and children:!#* foodahd lodging. The benefit fIS
all iiis toil goes to some one—not tq himself. ’
Imagine man set upon bi)town land, the {dough in
his graqp afud)his fortune before him. Where then would
| be the reseto *# his tabor ? ploughed
he now gives to pr derate a Irving, and wvery day's,
would be for himself and would add to his personal
wealth.' The heavens would smile him, ttm great
earth' would yield him her fruits aati he would le*e his
children, instead of sickness 8111 ®ud poverty $ health, hap
piness and prosperitv-
Yes, but bowxis that man to get to this haven of com
fort ? He has not the pay his passage; he has
not the information to direct his steps; once there he has
neither land, food, nor farming implements. He would
lose himself on the road, or be doubly lost when there.
It is to supply all these things that\e propose the es
tablishment of u The Minnesota Emigrant Aid Society.”
“ The Minnesota Emigrant Aid Society” —because in no
other part of the West can the emigrant find the same ad
vantages. In Illinois he will be met by the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad and the fever and ague. In lowa, by land
speculators who infest the State like a famine. In Min
nesota alone he wilHind an excellent soil, a fine climate, a
healthy temperature and a pre-emption law.
What, we propose to do is this : To men through all
the eastern cities we will offer to sell shares of stock in our
company. Each share will be payable by the purchaser in
weekly instalments of one dollar, or upwards, at the dis
cretion of the subscriber. Each share will entitle the
holder, when paid, to one ticket from the place of bis resi
dence to that point in Minnesota to which he proposes to
go; to one year’s provisions, consisting of certain stipu
lated articles, sufficient to sustain him until he can derive
support from his land ; and to certain farming implements,
likewise to be enumerated, and such as the farmer will’
want immediately.
Besides this, there will be what are called half shares,
which will include only the cost of a passenger ticket.
This will accommodate those who prefer buying provisions
and farming implements for themselves when there,or whose
intention it is to settle in some of the numerous rising towns
of the Territory and follow trades or similar occupations.
It will be seen by this that we do not propose to pur
chase land for the emigrant, hirst, because such a pur
chase would leave too much room for the suspicion if not
the practice of peculation. Secondly, because we prefer
that the emigrant should select his land to suit himself,
and with a view to those many questions of wood, water,
soil, Ac., upon which the value of a selection so entirely de
pends. Thirdly, because, under the pre-emption laws, the
emigrant can have the use of his land for years before he
is required to pay for it, and then, when so required, he
pays the United States but $1.25 per acre, no matter what
its actual value may be at that time.
The great advantages of the company will be: First,
it will bring the poor man the means of saving money and
at the same time of making the most necessary purchases.
Secondly, it will make that speeies of information common
which is the most important to the emigrant. Thousands
will be enabled to procure tickets, food and implements,
through our company, who, in the ordinary modes fif pur
chase, would never possess the means. Thousands, under
the direction and leadership of our company, will start for
the great West who would never have had the enterprise
to leave their homes without it. That it may accomplish
much good is our highest aspiration,
These are the outlines of a scheme already the subject of
long and mature reflection, and the details of which will be
developed as we go on. It is our purpose to apply at the
next session of the Legislature of Minnesota, during Jau
uary, 1857, for such a charter as will give the company
standing before the public, and at the same time insure
honesty and uprightness in all its dealings with its mem
bers. How these ends will be secured will be shown here
after. Enough for the present that we say, that all we
propose to do we can accomplish. There is nothing theo
retical about us.
The proposed company will be represented by this paper,
now established, and to accompany it through all its career.
Its offices will be in Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, and
most of our large cities. Meetings will be held in every
town and hamlet over , the whole country to bring the
merits of the association before the people.
NININfSER CITY, -MINNESOTA TERRITORY, DECEMBER 1, 1856.
- - .W u-i-x -■ .• * ■* tVJEIfiJ.
*■ '■ ■ ■ ■ • • .■*'■ :W
Once under way, and as successful as frost the estate
of things it cannot help but be, and can realise tbUr
immense good it will accomplish ? Who can count the
.thousands of people taken from our great cities and shved
from‘poverty and crime ? the industrious andethe
gent lifted ug from toil and temptation; the father fetfed |
from the ill-repaid labors of a lifetime; the daughter won
frem those short paths that lead through splendor to mis
ery ; the son made ah honorable and worthy citizen; where,
otherwise, he would prove a disgrace to himself and his
name. If we accomplish but one-tan-thousand tb put of all
the benefit we anticipate we will be fully repaid.
In the meantime we ask only th%£tten|ion of the com*
mnnity. VWe desire to be judgid bt our acts alone. . We
\rill go straight on to the accomplishment of
and under Clod we will accomplish it. ’ ■ <
- ft
MHOfOTE IBJTY.
It is not our intention to say much in fsvor of this new
and rising .town. A Pamphlsty now for gratuitous dis tribal
tion, at of this paper, seta forth every thing of
, interest connected therewith!; will, fr° m
- to time, evidence its advancement and forms,
even wow, in its first issue, a very 1 tojgm* of tfjg?
ean and will be <|ooefor it*. Ewn- we
r oan he hardly said to haye started in our doriWt, our history
ofe
uiation baa aoeumulhted in that of over tin
hundred inhabitants. Situated inWm eentre of the inha^jg
mssippi ti®. Jfinnesote awt
(Jibuti j)u
richest and B .
,2"' ,
the r< -alizatiot
us v j exteiafl * „ »
Nininger into a mutuality of interest
with every other. We are all united in a common cause:
the honorable pursuit of success. We have all, and more
than all, the prospects of fortune which the western country
ever presents to the industrious and enterprising; we are
co-laborers in the task of building up a city, upon whose
greatness our own hopes of prosperity are based. We com
mence the enterprise with no ordinary advantages. Oars
is no selfish monopoly, which from a crowded store doles
out lots at extravagant prices to the passer-by. Nininger
City was commenced upon the basis of a fair division of
the town-site into lots, at a cost of six dollars each; this
was the original cost price, and the latest purchaser g>t
them at the same rate as the first proprietors. But this
was not all; for, if we had merely resold the land, tie
town would lie forever in its original condition. Each
purchaser was bound, by his very deed of purchase, to con
mence within six months and finish within two years, in
amount of improvements proportionate to the number of
lots held by him; never less, and often more than one
hundred dollars per lot. What is the consequent ?
Stipulations and contracts to commence within six months
and finish within two years over half a million dollars wenth
of improvements ! Even more than this, for all the lste
sales made at second band have stipulated for improve
ments to the amount of thousands of dollars per lot. Aid
what security have we for the erection of these improve
ments ? Simply these : First, the title to the lots is goid
for nothing unless the stipulations to improve are complied
with, for it is a covenant expressed on the face of the ded.
And secondly, if A. B. has bought one hundred lots at tix
dollars each, that is to say, six hundred dollars, and las
bound himself to make ten thousand dollars worth of im
provements, and if these lots are, as they note are, worth
one hundred dollars each, that is to say, ten thousand dol
lars in all, is it to be supposed that A. B. will be willing
to lose teu thousand six hundred dollars, the cost and value
of the lots, and all their prospective and anticipated increase
by his default in making ten thousand dollars worth
of improvements, which are not given away, but remain
his own most productive property ? That is to say, the
increase in the value of the lots will insure the improve
ments, because otherwise, the owners will lose that and all
future increase. What then are we to look forward to ?
A town built up per force. A town growing to greatness
by the very nature of its original constitution. And what
rise in real estate is too great to anticipate as this goes ou.
The advance of lots from six to one hundred dollars is as
nothing to what will be seen before the two years fixed
upon draw to a close, thousand will double upon thousands
at a rate for which even St. Paul does not afford a prece
dent. For no one that is not familiar with the great West
can understand the immense effect improvements make
upon the growth of a town and the rise of real estate.
What more will be done ? There will be built in time
for the opening of the navigation next Spring, a steam
ferry boat, to run from Nininger to the shore opposite, at
the cost of the town, and free to-passengers; to thus divert
through bur city all the travel from the country south and
south-east to St. Paul, and to open to us the custom of
Cottage Grove, Point Douglass and all the adjacent land.
This step is mentioned to evidence the liberal and wise
course that will be pursued in all matters that will advance
the interests of the enterprise.
What else will be done f The Emigrant Aid Society,
referred to in detail in another column, will make Nininger
City the centre and depot for all its operations. Large
reception offices for the emigrants will be bailt at this/
point; all the notoriety thrown around the association will
be reflected there, and every thing that will advance thfe
one will benefit the other. The demonstration of this point
requires no argument.
What more will be done ? A Rail-road 1 Rail-roads
are so often and so extravagantly talked of in Minnesota
that -tbe mention of the subject is often enough to excite
one’s mirth. We indulge in no braggadoeia, bat we do most
Bolemnljypy, that next Spring will see the commencement
six
iriatioti
hundred
itod portion of v
«seippi rmr^tir
f a rail-road from Nininger City, tapping the Canon and
linnesota rivers. We say it, and we are of that class of
rophets who assist in bringing about their own predic
ons. .
We invite every honest, practical and industrious emi
nent seeking a home in the far West, to locate himself at
Ininger. Let him join in all its intelligent activity and
iterprise. He will find in his fellow-citizens men like
imself, who have left the crowded causeways of the East
> seek health, happiness and competence in the free air of
le West. He will find no envy, no jealosy, no malignant
unpetition. Men are wanted, and men are therefore wel
une. He will start fair on a free race, and the results
ill lie with himself alone.
MINNESOTA.
’ We quote the following from that popular and excellent
rork, now being published, “The History and Topography
j f the United States,” by Hinton—supervised by Rev.
h. Choules. The character of the work places it above
lie suspicion of partiality, while the character of the ex-
Tract will command attention :
“The general character of the conn try is that of a high
rolling prairie. The soil is of great fertility and unusual
Bepth, and admirably adapted to the cultivation of all the
jereal grains. It is bountifully watered by the Mississippi,
Hie Minnesota or St. Peter’s, the Missouri, and the Red
Stiver of the North, with their numerous and affluent
nbutaries. It has also a multitude of beautiful lakes,
kmong them tire the sources of the Mississippi* the Red,
be Moose and the St. Peter’s. No portion of the public
ifiomaia is raone perfectly dhtiriect, more thoroughly irriga
-1 purposes.
H it has a great abun
variety. All.the
it- Thc/e afr
Commencing at a point
St. Anthony, on the
West bank of the Mississippi, extends southward, across
the Minnesota, to the Mak&to. It is one hundred and
twenty miles-in length and forty to fifty in breadth. The
north-eastern section, among the upper courses of the Mis
sissippi and. the Croix, is distinguished as the pine region.
The manufacture of lumber, which is an inexhaustible
source of wealth, already occupies a large part of the in
dustrial labor of the people.
“ A considerable portion of this is exported to the thriv
ing cities and towns bordering the Mississippi, in lowa,
Illinois and Missouri, though great quantities are con
sumed at home to meet the wants of a rapidly increasing
population. There is abundance of water power for this
and all other kinds of manufacture.
“ The lead region of the Mississippi on the south, and the
Lake Superior copper region on the north, extending into
Minnesota, open another source of industrial wealth to its
inhabitants. It is supposed, also, not to be destitute of
coal. The climate, though cold in the winter, is not sub
ject to sudden variations. It is dry, healthy and less se
vere than that of New England generally.”
Important Discovery. THE DETECTION OF HUEDEB.
A series of experiments have recently been made by
Dr. Pollock, an oculist of this city, says the Chicago Press,
of the 17th inst., to test the truth of an article published
some time since by a celebrated physician in England,
which alleged that the last scene viewed by a dying man
would remain impressed upon the retina as does the
impression upon a daguerreotype plate. In each experi
ment that Dr. P. has made he has found that an examina
tion of the retina of an eye with a microscope reveals a
Wonderful as well as a beautiful sight, and that in almost
every instance there was a clear, distinct and marked
impression. We put these facts upon record in the hope
of awakening an interest in the subject, that others may
bfe induced to enter upon these interesting experiments,
4id the cause of science advanced. The recent examina
tion of the eye of J. H. Beardsly, who was murdered in
Auburn, conducted by Dr. Sanford, corresponds with those
jrqade elsewhere. The following is the published account
4f the examination :
j At first we suggested the saturation of the eye in a
solution of which evidently prodeced an
enlarged state of the pupil. On observing this, we touched
ithe end of the optic nerve with the extract, when the eye
instantly became protuberant. We now applied a pow
erful lens, and discovered in the pupil the rnde, worn
away figure of a man, with a light coat, beside whom was
a round stone, standing or suspended in the air, with a.
small handle stuck as it were in the earth. The remainder
was debris, evidently lost from the destruction of the optic
and its separation from the mother brain. Had we per
formed this operation when the eye was entire in the
socket with all its powerful connection with the brain,
there is not the least doubt but that we should have de
tected the last idea and impression made on the mind and
and eye of the unfortunate man. The thing would evi
dently be entire, and perhaps, we should have had the
contour, or better still, the exact figure of the murderer.
The last impression before death is always more terrible on
the brain, from fear, than from any other cause, and figures
impressed on the pupil more distinct, which we attribute
to the largeness of the optic nerve and its free communica
tion with the brain.
-
A PERSONAL NOTICE.
We would call attention to the advertisements in another
column of Mr. D. Edgar Wyand, designer and draughts
man, and Mr. DL drier, engraver. We would earnestly re
commend them to our enterprising friends East or West, who
desire to patronise young and rising talent. We need only
say, as a testimonial of their ability) that it was from their
hahds the very handsome vignettee of this paper emanated?.
Aiy orders for work sent to them directly or through the
editors of this paper, will he, we are sure; promptly and
frefully attended to. \
EMIGRANTS GOING WEST.
u The record kept at the office of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company, in Dock street, of the number of emigrants
sent west over that road, exhibits the following interesting |
facts, which speak well for the accommodations afforded to ;
passengers, as well as the class of persons who have
availed themselves of this opportunity of reaching the Far
West, where land is cheap, and where there is a certainty
that industry and enterprise will meet with an ample re
compense. Daring the year T 855, ending December 31st,
20,217 emigrants were sent over the Pennsylvania Rail
road; of this number, 11,049 arrived from foreign ports,
in this city, and 9168 came on from New York, preferring
this route to those leading from New York. Of the'entire
number, 10,772 were ticketed to points west of Pittsbnrg,
four-fifths of which went to Chicago, St. Paul’s, and other
points in the interior; 11,003 were deposited in Pittsburg
or at points this side of that place. Daring 1854, there
were bat 6357 emigrants sent west of Pittsbnrg, out of
28,948 passing over the'road, while in 1855, 10,772, out
of 20,217, sought homes beyond this point; thus shoving
that the class emigrating in 1855 were possessed of more
means than those of previous years. This is also exhibi
ted in the fact, that tbe extra baggage paid for during 1855,
amounted to 824,570 pounds, while in 1854 there were
but 799,674 pounds registered, notwithstanding the fact
that nearly 4000 more emigrants passed over the road in
1854 than in 1855. The travel on this road has increased
at all points where there is competition, thus showing that
som£ care is taken of the comfort of those ilbo take pas
sage in this line.— Phil. Public Ledger.
'
THE PRE-EMPTION ACT.
We publish below the'gfeat Pre-emption Act,
since the date of its passage, been tftiSSHHj
to the
“ An
public
Sec.
after the the head
of a single man over the age of
twenty-one years, and being a citizen of the United States,
or having filed his declaration of intention to become a
citizen, as required by the naturalization laws, who, since {
the first day of June, A. D., eighteen hundred and forty,
has made Or shall hereafter make, a settlement in person ,
on the public lands to. which the Indian title had been, at j
the time of such settlement, extinguished, and whieh has
been or shall have been surveyed prior thereto, and who
shall inhabit and improve the same, and who has or shall
erect a dwelling thereon, shall be, and is hereby authorized .
to enter with the register of the land office, for the district ,
in which such land may lie, by legal subdivisions, any ,
number of acres not exceeding one hundred and Bixty, or a ,
quarter section of land, to include the residence of such
claimant, upon paying to the United States the minimum
price of such land, subject, however, to the following j
limitations and exceptions: No person shall be entitled
to more than one pre-emptive right by virtue of this act;
no person who is the proprietor of three hundred and twenty (
acres of land in any state or territory of the United
States, and no person who shall quit or abandon his resi- ,
dence on his own land to reside on the public land in the ‘
same state or territory shall acquire any right of pre- •
emption under this act; no lands included in any reserva- j
tion by any treaty law or proclamation of the President of (
the United States, or reserved for salines, or for other j
purposes; no Ends reserved for the support of schools nor (
the lands acquired by either of the two last treaties with (
the Miami .tribe of Indians in the state of Indiana; or (
which may be acquired of the Wyandot tribe of Indians in
the state of Ohio, or other Indian reservation to which the
title has been or may be extinguished by the United <
States at any time during the operation of this act; no i
sections of lands reserved to the United States alternate to
other sections granted to any of the States for the con- <
struction of any eanal, rail-road or other public improve
ment ; no sections or fractions of sections included within j
tile limits of any incorporated tovftr; no portions of the (
public lands whieh have been selected as the site for a city '
or town; no parcel or lot of land actually settled and i
occupied for the purposes] of trade and not agriculture;
and no lands on which are situated any known salines or J
mines shall be liable to entry under and by virtue of the ]
provisions of this act. j
Sec. 11.' And be it further enacted, That when two or «
more persons shall have settled on the same quarter- ®
section offend, the right of pre-emption shall be in him
or her who made the first settlement, provided such per- t
sons shall conform to the other provisions of this act; and i
all questions as to the right of pre-emption arising between i
different settlers shall be settled by the register and *
receiver of the district within which the land is situated, (
subject to an appeal to and a revision by the secretary of \
the treasury of the United States. i
Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That prior to any 1
entries being made under and by virtue of the provisions j
of this act, proof of the settlement and improvement £
thereby required shall be made to the satisfaction of the
register and receiver of the land district in which such
lands may lie, agreeably to such rules as shall be prescribed
by the secretary of the treasury, who shall each be en- j
titled to receive fifty cents from each applicant for his . d
services, to be rendered as aforesaid; and all assignments j
and transfers of the right hereby secured, prior to the (
issuing of the patent, shall be nail and void. (
See. 13. And beitfurther enacted, That before any person j
claiming the benefit of this act shall be allowed to enter *
such {ands he or she shall make oath dwfore. the! receiver or ,
register of the land dsitrict in which the land is situated, i
(who are hereby authorized to administer the same) that 1
he or she has never had the benefit of any right of pre- *
emption underrtim act.; that he or she is not the owner j
of three hundred and twenty acres of laud in any stateor j
territory of the United States, nor hath he or she settled j
' upon and improved said land to sell the same on specula
tion, but in good faith to appropriate it to his or her own
exclusive use or benefit; and that he or she has not,
i directly or indirectly made any agreement or contract, in
; any way or manner with any person or persons whatsoever,
by which the title which he or she might aoquire from the
Government of the United States should inure in whole or
in part to the benefit of any person except himself or her
self; and if any person taking such oath shall swear,falsely
in the premises, he or she shall be subject to all the pains
and penalties of perjury, and shall forfeit the money which
he or she may have paid for said land, ami all right and
title to the same; and any grant or conveyance which he
or she may have made, except in the hands Of bona fide
purchasers, for a valuable consideration, shall he
void. And it shall be the duty of the officer administering
such oath to file a certificate thereof, in the pnblic land
office of such district, and to transmi t a duplicate copy jo
the general land office; either of whieh shall kypm} amf
sufficient evidence that such oath was administered aoofcdr
ing to law. ■ ' -a
See. 14. And be it farther enacted , That this act shall
not delay the sale of any of the pttblic lands of the United
States beyond the time whieh has been or may be appointed
by the proclamation of the President; nor shafi the pro
visions of this act be available to any person or person!
who shall fail to make the proof and payment, and file the
affidavit required before the day appointed for the pum
mencement of the sales as aforesaid. _ i 1
See. 15. .And be it further enacted , That
person has settled or shall settle
land,
k oiibio (.In Bod. oft. tbo fn. of tbit* f
and where it shall hereafter be made within the same
period date of snob settlement, make the proof,
affidavit and payment herein required; and if. he or she i
shall fail to file smffi written statement aer aforesaid, or
shall fail to make such affidavit, proof andpayment within
the twelve months aforesaid, the tract of land so settled
and improved shall be subject to the entry of any other
purchaser. , 7, Approved
ig the
The State of Pennsylvania Jim contracted adebtof forty
millions, to provide an avenue for her internal commerce,
and mainly to secure the “ Western trade.” , Citizens. of
the State, aa shareholders in various railroads,
pended millions more with the same object in view. In
truth, ever since the State of New York commenced the
Erie Canal, the trade of the West has heen both to that
State and to this, a leading object of legislation and of
large expenditure. Maryland »nd Massachusetts, too,
have, through the enterprise of their citbens, entered as
competitors for the same prize; and the four cities of
Philadelphia, Baltimore, New York and Boston, have for
years been indulging dreams of fatness connected with
Western commerce. The dreams were, and are, prophetic.
That the prize was worth the contest, the history of the
past twenty years has amply proved. For, though Western
commerce has been divided among the four cities named,
it has yet greatly enriched each and all at them; and the
only palpable errors in regard to it, exposed by its history,
are the under estimates put on it by even the most
sanguine.
For the benefit of the lovers of good eating who may
contemplate emigration to Minnesota, we make the follow
ing extracts from “The EmigrantV Guide to Minnesota in
1856.” They show that even epicures will be at hotoe in
our Territory :
Buckwheat. —There was a large crop of this article
raised in the Territory last year. Buckwheat cakes are
now as plenty as “ pan cakes.” Buckwheat flow sell* for
six dollars per hundred lbs. Tins isayraUy
Where honey is plenty there will be good living—buck -
wheat cakes and honey, with venison.
Vjchisow.—Deer are plenty* in the vicinity, of gt.
Anthony; venison is brought in for sale to oup people in
great abundance. It is very delicioflwwe never saw
better, quality before. It sells readily iewto'tfevdta'cents
per pound. The Indians in Hennepin County are faring,
sumptuously now-a-days. They will soon make venison
scarce, yet the white people will eat venison even If the
Indians do the butchering.
Bubs.—Our old friend, John P. Miller, formerly of this
vicinity; now of township one hundred and seventeen,
range twenty-one, has thirty-seven families of bees. He
informs ns that they do maoh better here than-they did in
Ohio and Pennsylvania. . < .
The “ big woods” are full of wild bees. A tree was out
down in Carver county a few weeks since, that contained
two hundred and seventy pounds of honey. The first
frosts after the leaves fall is the time for huntingwild
honey. Mr. Miller says that bees are. profitable. He
commenced from a wild swarm found in the woods. He
has four flour barrels full of honey, gathered by young
swarms since June.
ii uniqa —4' *1
THE EXODUS WEST F4O«£EUBO££
The number of emigrants to the United States sinou
1819, has amounted to a total of 4&12,624, of, whom
2,343,445 were horn in the United Kingdom. The year
of the greatest immigration was 1854 j the number then
having been increased to 427, 833 %y tie influx of 206,054
Germans. Last year the total was 0n1r30e,877. ip*ud»g
66,219 .€knnans.-»*J2f the entire imakratioa Ai*wsf,
1,747,930 oid of the 2,343,445 British subjects are be
lieved to have been Irish. Germany btfc contributed
1,242,082; France, 188, Switeerknd, 81,071; Nor-
Italy, 7,158. From all otterOouUtries the rc—t
smaller. Rnssia has famished only 938’
123. To ike British subjects must be "
Canada, 35,317 from the W&t Ir *
Indies, 2 from the Cape <*#l
Australia. 1
THE TRADEOF THE WEST.
No. 1.

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