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Cljp emigrant lift 4 . W . MAiDOXALD. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, IS ISSUED EVERY OTHER WEEK AT THE CITY OF XINIKGKR. Dakota Co.. !M. T. AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. rates of advertising : Eight lines, one time, - • - - $1 00 “ “ three times, 200 tffi*Special contracts will he made with those desiring to advertise by the year PERiiKVEBE. L. D COrNTEYMAN- We copy from a St. Paul paper the following lines. They arc from the pen of Mr. Countiyman, the gentle man whom we have announced as having secured lots in Niuinger on which to erect a public Academy. We are glad to recognize as a fellow citizen a gentlemen of so much talent. Persevere ! Persevere ! Do not falter, do not fear. First resolve to do tlie right— Then pursue it with your might. Sternly, calmly, hold your place— Look derision in the face— Give the world to understand, You have firmness to command At least yourself ; then laugh at fear— Persevere ! Persevere ! | Are you tempted to begin In the path of vice and sin ? Do companions, vile and gay Seek to lead you far astray ? Shun, oh ! shun them evermore, Keep your course as heretofore. j Though the path of vice allure, Recollect disgrace is suie. Ruined hopes, and ruined health, Loss of friends, and loss of wealth, All the course of vice attend. And deep misery in the cud Have you left, the haunts of vice, Making thus, a better choice ? •You are fortunate indeed— Few in vice to good give heed— Once reclaimed, oh ! persevere Let your former comrades sneer. You are better off than they ; Light will shine along your way ; They in gloomy darkness grope, You’ll enjoy a glorious sphere ; Persevere ! Persevere ! Reader do you love the right ? 4 Falter not, for it to fight. In this great world’s present age, Evils varil do throng the stage. ; Then we need the iron will, Strength, and purpose to fulfill. Idly we should never stand, When there’s so much work on hand. At. it then, and persevere, Do not falter do not fear. East and West. Between the East and West—tbe Seabord and the ' Great Central Valley of our Continent—there should be maintained the most perfect understanding, the most eordial sympathy. The letters of many Western jour nals, indicate a growing dissatisfaction with the East ‘ in the quarter whence they proceed. Let us try to com- j prehend each other: The East is not aud cannot be jealous of the growth and greatness of the West, for it recognizes therein the , basis of its own growth and prosperity. A new State out West implies new ships on the ocean, new factories in Lowell and Lawrence, new blocks of stores in New York. Onr brethren and children who leave their At- j lantic homes to found new homes on the prairies and by the waters of the Mississippi are not lost to us, even in a pecuniary view; they are still our customers as well as our kinsmen and countrymen. Tbe corn of Illinois nourishes and the timber of Michigan shelters us as thoroughly as if they had been produced on the Genesee or the Penobscot. It is the urgent, palpable, undeniable interest of the whole Seabord tb.-it the fertile aud facile West. Hhould be rapidly and generally peopled by intelli gent, energetic, civilized, thrifty freemen. Hence this journal with others has been constantly advising our un employed or meagrely recompensed workers immediate ly to strike out, neither for Texas nor Nicaragua, Mexico nor Australia, but for the virgin soil and liberal promise of our own Free West. And we say to-day, as we have ever said, to the young man or woman light of purse but willing of hand, to the farmer or mechanic of increasing family, slender means or dubious prospects. Your true home is in the West! Seek it, and rear your children there to larger opportunities thau await them on the rug hillsides or in tbe crowded streets of the East. :t But, while we feel and say this, we feel also that we ought to tell them the whole truth, so that we shall not be accused by those who may be influenced by our coun- J sel,ot having misled aud deceived them. We feel bound therefore, to say to those who heed us, Go West 1 but do not expect to fiud on the prairies or in the river bottoms of the Great Valley a Garden of Eden On the contra ry, expect to encounter serious privations and sufferings thiwagh the years of your pioneer life. If yon go full you can, of course surround yourself with com |pdi; Mb if you pass tbe west line of Ohio (as a major 4QP«r the emigrants do and must) with less than two tesdnd dollars per head for the number of your family is 4o say, with less than a thousand dollars for s Km five persons—you must go prepared for some ..JNM* ragged toil, rough usage and ooarse fare. If u gpmtap|l| obtain land at anything like the government rUfjppfc yo«. must go beyond mills, stores, post offices, school-houses and churches; if you would locate near a railroad or a navigable river, you must pay for the ad vantages either in an enhanced price, in exposure to sa vage hostility, or in the remoteness from the convenien ces of civilized life ; if you insist on a rich soil, you in crease the probabilities of exposure to bilious disease; if you will have rich land and no ague, you must be re signed to severe winters and lack of some choice fruits; if you delight in a prairie location, you will probably have to pay smartly for fencing and timber; if you shun the bleak winds of the prairies you will find the timber less healthful and more difficult to subdue to cultiva tion. Thus every advantage has its relative disadvan tage; and though there may be spots which combine healthfulness with rare fertility, prairie for cultivation, with abundant timber for every use, yet such spots are snapped up by experienced pioneers, and you must not expect to obtain one of these without paying for it hand somely. So with regard to location on the larger scale. In diana and Michigan are the most convenient to market of all the new States, but we consider their soil on the average unequal to that farther west, so that what is gained in the price of a crop is lost in its quantity.— Illinois is the most fertile body of land of equal size that we have ever traversed, and would produce, in our judgment, more grain per acre, than auy other equal area of the globe’s surface; but we should prefer more good building and fencing timber, more brooks, more springs, more stone and a drier soil. lowa is more roll ing, therefore better watered and timbered, but her grain and meat must ultimately be sold cheaper than those of Illinois. Wisconsin is at once fertile and well-tim bered, but lies a little nearer the North Pole than we should prefer; Minnesota has still better soil, as good timber and a healthier climate, but we could’nt pre tend to admire 40 degrees below zero with a stiff north wester blowing, even if it did’nt kill apple trees and ren der peaches impossible. Even Kansas, with her more southerly latitude, her central location, her excellent building stone, frequent springs and ample streams, has sharper winds than we can fancy, and lies farther from pine forests and the great Atlantic marts than we would deem preferable. Is there any good reason why we should realize these various drawbacks and not state them? Can the West desire that some thousands more of our Eastern farmers and mechanics should be lured across the Maumee and Illinois only to come disappoint ed and grumbling back again to diffuse their discontent among their old neighbors ? Is it not permanently ad vantageous to all that both sides of the shield should be presented, so that these who return to complain of the lack of nutmeg in their Western toddy shall have none to blame but themselves.— N. Y. Trilmne. « Westward Ho V* We clip the following sensible advice to persons coming West from the Cambridge Chronicle , and if followed out to the letter, emigrants need have no fears, but they can in every particular more than realize their brigbest expectations. It also contains a lesson for the farmers already coming among us. “ We are not surprised that the broad lands and rising cities of the West continue to attract emigrants. Some of the most enterprising and capable of the young uiun of Cambridge have already gone, while others are preparing to go the present season to different localities in that land of promise. Westward—westward—with an impetus even stronger than at any former period,the great tide of emigration flows. It is certainly not with out regret that we nee our friends leaving us, though that regret is softened by the conviction that qualities and business energies which we seein to lose are only more sensibly felt in developing the resources and promoting the welfare of our common country. New England has thus become the graduating school of the West, and of the country ; for what part of the broad territory of the United States does not point to its New England bom and bred for specimens of its energy, its talent and its worth ?” , “Yes, let them go—it is their mission,and their privi lege. They take with them our best wishes and our fra ternal remembrance. In these days of steam and elec tricity, though thousands of miles away, they will not be forgotten. We can extend a long band to them over the great rivers and greet them in their career of usefulness and theiT onward progress to wealth. Let them go; and let more go with them. Adventurous, energetic, self relying, they are the right spirits to found our new States. They take with them the best of our institutions and the best of our new ideas. Leaving prejudice and influence behind, they plant these in the rich soil of new States, and they come forth rapidly to better and fairer fruitage than they ever attained here. “ There is one “ institution” which we pray they may leave behind them-—-not for our benefit, but for their’s and the country’s—the Yankee “institution” of “ speculating ” Let the young men who go West, go not to grow suddenly rich, but improve the fertile lands whose broad acres invite their occupancy, and thos be come producers. This is the class of men most wanted, and the class-—mark our whrds —who will be most hon ored in the next generation. If they have learning and taste, so much the better. There is no better field for a man of liberal education than the corn field ; and whoever has the talents for the occupation of farming— the bone and muscle—is a fool for entering a profession or imprisoning himself behind the counter ; unless in deed, mental organization indicate some other employ ment, as is not generally the case. “ New England is over-crowded with trades and pro fessions. An impression—now, happily, passing off from many minds—-that fanning is vulgar, has for some years past filled onr cities with young men from the country, aspiring to a calling above the noble one to which they were torn and bred—swelling the ranks of • shabby gentility ; ruining the trades by over-crowding 1 them and bringing “hard times” and distress upon the country by diminishing the number of producers. This is tbe miserable condition in which we are now. Nearly every trade involves a slavery of application, vigilance ' and care, enough to blast all the enjoyments of life. ! “ Two results follow the insane rush to the trades— i ruinous competition in trade and rninous monopoly in the products of the soil. If there were more producers I that monopoly would not be so easy ; if there less com- I petition in trade, the temptation to monopoly would be I less. As things are, the tradesmen, and especially the j workingmen of. cities, are slaves. It takes all they can j earn to live; fur everything required to feed the lswy— i the mind has often to go unfed—eells at enormous prices, while wages are prevented from rising in propor tion to the competition of which we have spoken. ' “ There is one effectual remedy, then, for the hard, times, and we think bat this one—agricultural .produc tion. The country is insane till it opena it eyee to tins truth. Young men of New England ! have the sense CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, AUGUST 1, 1857. to go West and be farmers, not starve your souls and wear out your bodies in the vexatious strife, the debasing struggle for appearance aud a poor living in Eastern cities. The West for the Laborer*. A Western pioneer who vas once an Eastern laborer, thus explains to city and village mechanics how they may improve their condition. What, then, is the remedy ? It is for the laborers of this land to get out of their dependent position as as fast as they can ; and the question is how can they get ou t f Beyond all question the Creator intended that the great mass of men should be agriculturists ; that while it might be necessary tor some to be “workers in wood, and brass and iron/’ the greater part should “till the earth,” and some of the brightest signs of the times are the establishment of Agricultural Schools (as in Michi gan,) and the great and increasing attention now being paid to scientific farming. These are the first indications that the race begin to get a glimpse of their true destiny and some understanding of their physical and moral na ture. The only remedy we know of for the evils which at tend the life of the laborers in the cities is emigration to the unoccupied lands of the West. Combinations and strikes among workingmen in the cities avail little. The ownership ot soil enough to support his family will make a mau of the laborer. Twenty acres of well-tilled Western soil will support a laborer’s family—even a large one—better than they were ever supported in the city. This can be bought for the little sum of $25 (but of course each emigrant with the great facilities offered, would pre-empt 160, or at least 80 acres.) Once settled at the W'est, and the first difficulties of emigration over come, which will be in a couple of years, the family are comfortably off. The noise and glitter of city life they have left behind. The splendid pageants of the holi days and all the foolish excitements of their past life they have given up forever, instead of these will come the quiet nature, corroding care they will exchange for a quiet consciousness of plenty, and instead of a feeling of anxious dependence upon others for employment, the emigrant to a great extent employs himself and begins to feel for the first time in his life an honest pride, for his is truly now a “manly life ” Summer is full of happy employment, working on his own land fur the benefit of himself and family— are almost sure to have, and even the fever and ague (scarcely in Minnesota) are easily kept off by daily wash ing from head to foot. Winter comes and the prairies look desolate in their suowy evening, but compared to the dark and filthy streets where the “caravansaries” of the metropilis is small, but it is clean and warm. The weather is very cold but the dry oak logs from his own woods blaze cheerfully, and bis children heap on more without the fear of impoverishing their father, for he has done buying his coal by the bushel or quarter tun. If quite prosperous the third year he has a cow or two, and milk and butter in plenty ; he keeps * hog or two also for the cost is next to nothing. His family can laugh at Winter. His cellar is full of veg etables, such as he was never able to obtain in the city. He buys hiß potatoes no longer by the peck, or his pork by the pound, or his beans by the quart, or his beets, turnips, parsnips and cabbages on the small scale. He has a barrel of pork, a pile of cabbages, bushels beaus, 75 to 100 bushels of potatoes and all the common L vegetables in profusion ; he can keep fowls also almost without cost, and his table is not a stranger to eggs in the various forms of preparation ; the corn and wheaten bread is made from grain grown on his own land, fruit he has not much of till his trees are grown, but his wife has more than one jar of preserved wild plums stowed away for extra occasions. In the cold winter days instead of being at the corner grocery or mingling with the crowd around the grog shop fire, he is out in the woods with his gun, and his children have more poultry to eat in one season than they ever had before in their lives, and occasionally he comes home with venison enough to last a month. Nor need the intellectual wants of his family be neglected. He can afford the Tribune, and Prairie Farmer, and Putnam’ * and Harper’» Magazinet now, if he never could before, and they will come to him pretty regularly through the mail ; nor are the family entirely isolated, within a mile or two or perchance a half mile only, they will find kind neighbors, and more are constantly coming. The school will soon be opened and his children can go, and as soon as the school-house is built a preacher finds his way there and holds Sunday meetings in the school house, and when at last the emigrant from the city has I finished his work on earth and lies down to sleep his last, ! he has the happiness of knowing that he does not die a beggar, that his children will not receive an inheritance of want and degredation, but the broad acres which he had the courage to cultivate are their ample dower, and he leaves them amid the comforts of civilization with good prospects before them and an abundance of the means of life. The trouble is, there are more mechanics, and labo rers in the cities than are needed. The labor market is glutted. Now if one-third or one-half of the laboring population of the cities should emigrate to lowa, Min nesota, Nebraska, or Kansas, what would be the effect ? Why their situations, as we have already shown, would be very greatly improved, and those wno remained in the cities would live a life far more decent and comfort able than ever before. Rents would come down ; tenants could not be found for the cellars and attics ; | and the “ caravansaries” would have to be put in very i good order to rent at all; wages would be higher, of | course, for competition among workingmen would be Ibe done with, and none need as now to hang round the capitalists begging employment. Provisions would be cheaper, because of the withdrawal of so many consu mers, and the increase of the number of producers ; and the markets would consequently be full of all the necessaries of life, and that, too, at a reasonable price, and yet the farmer would de well paid for his labor. In short, the emigration Westward of scores of thousands of the workingmen of the cities would restore the equi librium which is so much needed, and society would be the better for the change ; and if by any accident there should be a great scarcity of laborers in any locality, the writer of the “ Tin-pail” article and others like him could have the opportunity to carry each of them his dinner in a “ little tin pail,” and eat it cold on the highway, and as they go home at night “rattle them against their big buttons,” and enjoy to the fullest extent the “poetry” of the laborer’s life. * Mamma,’ fl|jd a little child, ‘ what are the *e bright little things in Wmaaky t Are they the moo t’s little IfioWssr The Crash and tbe Crisis la the West. The crash has arrived in good earnest throughout the entire West. In this city, in St. Louis, in St. Paul, in Dubnqiie, Muscatine, Davenport, Milwaukie, Rockford, Freeport, Rock Island, Keokuk, and, in fact in every city, town, and village throughout the entire West, there is a crash—a most tremendous crash. But we expected it; for the wise men of the East have predicted it for a long time. But we are happy to say, it is just the kind of crash we Western people like.- Hark! We hear the crash now. Those twenty workmen are crashing away on the top of yonder building. There! there is another crash! softer and milder. What is that? Oh, it is the iron front in yonder building, which the busy work men have just set in its solid bed of stone and mortar. There, again, upon our honor, goes that impudent crash right along over onr most public streets, in broad day light ; but it is only the crash of about one hundred teams laden with every imaginable article of merchan dise, manufactures and building material. What an awful crashing sound they make! Hark! We hear another crash away in the distance. What can that be? Oh, it’s only one of the one hundred and twenty-five trains of cars that arrive and depart daily to and from Chicago. Hecp; again, we hear another crash. What sharp, ugly, screeching, crashing noise! What crash can that be? We see; it is one of those abominable little tug-boats towing into the harbor one of the thousand Lake vessels that bring to this city millions upon mil lions of feet of lumber each year; and that other indns trious little fellow there, that is puffing, splashiug, crash ing and making such a noise—that is a tug too, pulling away at that large vessel that is laden with wheat and corn, and bound for Buffalo. Well, we do not know what we will do ; for this crash ka9 had the impudence to stare us in the face every where in this city, and the great trouble is, it is no bet ter anywhere in the West. For if we start out on some of tbe railrosds, and think to get to some quiet little town, away off in the interior, it will be the same thing, we fear. We will, at all events, try it. We start—and the first thing we know, we are crashing and rumbling along the railroad. Wc arrive at our destination, and here, likewise they are crashing away—building houses, ma king fences, &c., and farmers are crashing along the roads, with their teams laden with grain. It is all crash, noise and bustle. W T e stop a day, but the impudent crash continues. Well, we will take a trip nto Min nesota ; that must be a kind of quiet State; away off there by itself. We start, and we crash along the rail road till we get to tbe Mississippi. Now we think we will get rid of this abominable crash. We will just step on board that splendid steamer, and have such a “ nige time” admiring the beautiful scenery along the river; for we know Mr. Crash will hardly venture so far away from his friends—the wise men of the East. Ob, but we are mistaken; for here hdis on the boat. Yes, and there he is at that new town on the banks of the river. We go a little farther. Here he is again. Confound the fellow. We find him at every point of any note.— Arrived at St. Paul, and upon our word, he looks al most as large and jnst as impudent as he did in Chicago and St. Louis. Well, we almost give it up; and our candid opinion is, that the only way to prevent the great crash in the West is for the Old States to keep their boys and girls at home—and some of your old men and women too—because they will make a noise, and behave rude and naughty too, when they get so far away from their old homesteads. Well, the wise men of the East must hit upon some plan to keep their people at home: for it is those folks from away down East, and from the Middle and Southern States, that are entirely the cause of all this crashing. There is another thing we noticed in connection with this abominable crash, that is giving the wise men of the East so much concern at this time, and that is the Crisis—for he keeps company with Crash. There is no joke about the crisis, for it surely has arrived in the West The crisis has arrived in the West, where thou sands of the best citizens of the older States are making their homes. That, we think, however, more of a crisis for the East than the West. The crisis has arrived in the West when the whole country west of the mountains is being run over with a net-work of railroads, and dotted with cities, towns and villages. The crisis has arrived when the mighty West can stand up aud declare her strength and greatness, equal, if not superior to any other section of this vast republic. Fear not, ye wise men of the East. The West will take care of herself, and, in spite of your crisis and your crash, will come out all right.— Chicago R. E. Register. Public Lands—■ Official Regulations. Attorney General Black has issued the following im portant Circular : Attorney General’s Office,) Washington, June 4, 1857. j The following regulations have been prepared for the convenience of those who may have occasion to draw conveyances, make abstracts or collect evidence of title to lands in cases where it may be the duty of this office to certify concerning the validity of title. A strict ob servance of them will greatly facilitate the examination, as well as tend to correct conclusions : 1. The deed from the vendor to the United States and and their assigns must be acknowledged according to the laws of the State, District or Territory where the land lies. 2. A plot or draft of the land should.' he furnished, showing'the boundary lines, their courses, and distances, and the adjoining owners, streets, riven, or other waten. 3. Where the property proposed to be sold consists of more than one piece, the titles to which are derived through different persons, the dividing lines must be traced on the draft, and the separate pieces distinctly marked. 4. It is necessary to have an aocurate and fall ab stract of the titles, showing its transaction from the original source to the vendor, with each transfer noted in the proper order of time, the names of each grantor and grantee written at length with dates showing when the several conveyances were executed, acknowledged and recorded. This abetraot must note every feet on which the validity of the title depends, whether it be proved by matter of record, by deed, or en pais. 5. The abstract most be verified by being accompa nied, either with the original doenments it refers to, or else with copies legally authenticated. 6. The title papers must all be marked with numbers corresponding to the numbers under which they are ar ranged in the abstract. 7. When an estate in the land has passed by the de vice, the will and the probate most be shown, and if the devised is named, proof of bis identify will be required. 8. Where it has descended from in mtoctate ancestor to his heirs, satisfactory proof of the condition and num ber of the descendant’s family must be given. 9. If the estate has passed by a* judicial sale, or by the sale under the order of any court, or if it has been divided by proceedings in partition, the iljgularity of the sale or partition must be shown by a copy of the record. 10. The foreclosure of a mortgage can be shown only by an authentic copy of the proceedings held for that purpose. 11. When the wife of a grantor has not joined in a deed, some evidence must be given that he was unmar ried at the date of the deed from her. 12. When a deed is executed by the heirs of a person within twenty-one years after his death, evidence will be required to show that they were of full age at the time of the grant. 13. When the title has passed through a corporate body, the charter must be'produced, and the authority of the officer who granted away the estate must be shown. 43. When the estate has been conditional, it will be necessary to furnish clear proof that the conditions have been fulfilled or lawfully excused. 15. When the title depends on statute law, other than the public laws of the United States, upon a local law differing from the general rule of the common law, upon a public document or upon history, the books re lied on to establish it should be accurately referred to, and the page noted. 16. Presumptions arising from lapse of time will be allowed the weight given to them by the judicial tribu nals of the State where the land lies. An apparent defect in an old deed need not be explained, if the pos session of the property has been according to such deed for thirty years or upwards. 17. A title offered to the United States will not be regarded as invalid on account of an outstanding title which has been barred by a legal limitation. But in all eases where time is relied on to extinguish an out standing title, the party must show by clear proof not only an adverse possession for the full period, but also that there are no persons who have rights that may be saved by exceptions to the statue. 18. Before sending the papers to this office for exam ination, they should be submitted to the Attorney of the United States for the district in which the land lies. It will be his duty to certify an opinion on the whole title, and to state particularly whether the local laws are correctly given, the papers properly authenticated, and the facts established by satisfactory proof. Very respectfully, J. S. Black. The Western Physiognomy. The most remarkable and decided physiognomy on the American Continent is that of the Western man and wo man. We speak of the Yankee face as a marked and individual one, but the Yankee face is weak and charac terless compared to that of our Western and Southwest ern brethren. You know that face at once. March a company of one hundred Americans around the Pyramids of Cheops or through the great Pass of the Himalayas, or over the tallest summit of the Mountains of the Moon, and let me see one half the face of each as they move before me, and I will pick out every man that was born and has lived west of the eighty-fifth meridian. Show me a hundred American women in a drawing-room at Vienna or Moscow, or packed in a Rhine or Mediterranean steamer, no matter how much their faces may be dis guised by lady-like colors, or distorted by the miseries of sea-sickness, I will select every one who was born and has apent her days west of the eastern line of Indiana. The Western face expresses do solicitude for outward approval, It looks not to adjustments or dbnoiliations to right everything. What its owner has he keeps with in himself, unconeerned whether you want his thought or not, or whether you will approve it or not when you get it. The Western soul is not a mean soul, but it is a crude, careless, self-approving soul, and the Western face is its transparent window, so honest and faithful that it reveals all the vacuity and self-justification which a little refine ment would teach it to veil. You look into or rather at a Western face and feel repulsed by its negative hard ness and emptiness—not as in the Yankee face by a posi tive hardness and devotion to self which says to all the world, Here I am; come to take care of my interests and Eit what I can. The Yankee lights up his sharp, angu r countenance with thoughts of other people if not his own; he reads and talks; he has views if not ideas; but tho Western man’s views lie along the sights of his rifle,or over his corn fields or prairies. They are at once keen and broad, but they are external, and they convey nothing outward. If any mind-ray travels inward through them it is lost somewhere in the internal void, and never reaches shore again. —Life llluetrated. Emigration in 1857.—We find in the Neu Yorker Abend Zeitung some interesting facie respecting the migration from Europe this year, which promises to be unusually large. According to all accounts and appear ances, Germany will furnish a contingent equal to, if it does not exceed the great migration of 1854. Before the expiration of the year she will probably send us a force equal in number to the entire population of two or three of the petty German States. From all parts of Germany, including those to which the emigration fever has hitherto been a stranger—such as Pomerania, Western Prussia, Brandenburg, Ac., reports reach us of large parties leaving for the nearest seaports on their way to America. Most of these emigrants are well-to-do agriculturists and mechanics. Their reason for emigrating is .not want nor oppression, but, on the contrary, an excess of prosperity; an unaccountable desire to acquire wealth more rapidly, has induced thousands of people, consider ed “ well off” among their neighbors, to turn their backs upon their native homes and set out for the Weak This, acquisition to the labor and capital of the United State* certainly deserves a warm welcome. The ready money in possession of these emigrants will, alone, form a considerable offset to our annual exports of specie, while their labor will be in demand for the cultivation of the territories beyond the Mississippi Important Land OmcE Decision. —ln every case where two or more applications are made for the location of the same tract of land, and the sale is made at auction to one of the applicants, it is held by the Oommissioner of the Land Office that itt all such cases a land warrant cannot be usied, money being required before a patent can be issued. The law requires that where more than one application is made for the same tract of land, the register shall settle the contest by putting the land up at auotion, and the highest bidder takes the land. A very large amount of lands thus disposed of have been aatiß sl-26 per aere paid in money. All sack locations are to be cancelled under the decision of the Commissioner, and money required to be paid. Revolutionary Virginia script will be received in suoh cases at sl-25 per acre, instead of money, whenever is is offered. This decision makes scrip much more valuable than heretofore, and it will doubtless be in good demand.— Washington States Plowing Prairies by Steam. —lt is known that an eminent landholder of Illinois has offered a premium of •50,000 for a practical Steam-Plow for the prairies. A u Plow Inventor ” of New York proposes the following model: c | A Steam-Plow for the prairies should consist 'of a j metal frame mounted upon wheels in the periphery of ) which are sharp pins or teeth to hold upon the earth. i In front is an independent wheel, fixed to a swivel, so that the machine may be steered by it in any direction, and be capable of accommodating itself to the irregulari j ties of the earth. Upon the frame is the boiler, with j the engine attached : also the tender for fuel and water. ! At the rear part of the frame is a second frame, arranged to be raised and lowered at will. A large toothed wheel is surrounded for about one third its front periphery by several small wheels, and below these smaller wheels are the cutters, suitably braced. These cutters Will be ver tical or nearly so, and will consist of several blades placed spirally around a shaft. Motion is given to the large wheel from the engine, which causes it to revolve, carry ing with it the small wheels and cutters. As the cutters revolve they may be lowered into the earth, screwing it l up and casting it over their tops, so that it will fall in a perfectly broken-up mass. Having thus placed them in the earth the machine presses forward, chipping the soil into thin shavings (similar to the shavings from a wood planing machine), and casting them over their tops, mix ing the whole together in a manner superior to any work that can be done by tkgJ>low and harrow^as it leaves it entirely like a batch of meal. A'se'parate in the rear will carry the planting and covering inacuijgMk This will be perfectly simple, so that by slightly it will either sow broadcast, in drills, or in hills. The covering apparatus will follow and perform its work ac cording to the manner in which the seed is to be covered. Thus it will be seen that instead of going over the ground six times to perform the work, it is better done at a single passing over it. One man can conveniently ma nage the machine, which will plow and plant from 20 to 30 acres per day. It will not work in stony ground, but will readily cut up all roots and mix them with the earth. An Indian Adventure —The following incident was narrated to Lieut. Beckwith, of the Pacific Railroad Expedition party, by a Delaware Indian guide, as they were traversing a mountain pass which was marked by numerous gullies and ravines: He was traversing this pass at midnight, accompanied by his squaw only, both mounted upon the same horse, and the night so dark that h§ could neither see the out lines of the hills, nor the ground at bis horse’s feet, when he heard a sound (which h 6 imitated) so slight as to be scarcely perceptible to an Indian’s ear, of an arrow carried in the hand, striking once only with a slight tick, against a bow. Stopping, he could hear nothing, but instantly dismounted—his squaw leaning down upon the horse that she might by no possibility be seen—and placed his ear to the ground, when he heard the same sound repeated, but a few feet distant, and was therefore satisfied that however imminent the danger, he had not been seen nor heard, for no Indian would make such a noise at night in approaching his foe; he therefore arose and took his horse by the bridle close to his mouth, to lessen the chances o£ his moving or whinning, and onq< *" hundred and seventy of his deadliest enemies, the Sioirt on a war party, filed past him within an arm’s length, while he remained unobserved. A Great Fish Kettle.—Mr. Robert Postans, wri ting to the London Times , gives the following descrip tion of a natural fish kettle in the Island of St. Paul: ‘ Perhaps the chief reason why St. Paul does not need a hospice is, that it possesses a natural or unfailing sup ply of provisions which seems to have been entirely for gotten by those who advocate the erection of a hospice there. It is, as you are donbtless aware, a volcanic island on the side of which there is a large and deep lagoon, evidently the crater of an exhausted burning mountain. One side of this circular basin is broken away, and through a narrow throat or entrance the sea ebbs and flows. The opening is about a pistol-shot wide. In this lake, which is about two miles in circumference, the water is as smooth as in a millpond. In rowing round this exhausted crater, I found smoke rising amid the stones on its beautiful beach in various places, and on landing I found the water close to the shore so hot that I could not bear my hand in it. The temperature of the air was 73° by thermometer, which, on being plun ged into the water ascended to 200° j on repeating the experiment in various places it rose to a similar elevation and even to the boiling point. The lagoons are full of delioious fish, bnt lam ignorant of their names; they appeared to me to be a speoies of haddock and cod, only larger, and are easily caught with a piece of bunting, or a piece of pork fastened to a hook. After catching a boat load of fish our party boiled them in the springs and found them excellent food. I should mention that there is a narrow belt of sea in the lake, which may be styled ‘No fishes’ water,’ where it is too hot for them; but it extends only a few yards from the hot water, so that it is possible for a man to catch a fish in the bow t of a moderately long whale-boat and walk aft and drop it in to hot water and cook it. Ylamming, the Dutch navi gator, who visited St. Paul’s in 1897, mentions this fact, and if any of your readers should feel disposed to doubt the truth of this statement, I beg to refer them to Hora burgh’s Sailing Directory to the East for a description of tins remarkable lagoon. Submitting to What f The late Ephraim Peabody, about twenty years ago, was attacked with bleeding of the lungs, and was obliged to resign his pastoral duties at Cincinnati; Us only child was laid In a New England grave j his yoong wife had temporarily lost the use vf her eyes; his home was broken up, and his prospects were very dark. They had sold their furniture, and went to board in a country tavern in the town of Dayton. One day, as he in from a walk, his wife said to him—- “ I have been thinking of our situation here, and have determined to be subeuasive and patient.” “ Ah,” said he, "that is a good resolution; let us see what trials we have to submit to. I will make a list of our trials. First, we have a hosm wo will submit to that* Second, we have the pomforts of life—we will submit to that Thirdly,wo have oaeh other. Fourthly we have a multitude of mends. Fifthly, we have Odd to take eare of ns-—” “ Ah I” said aha, “ Pray, stop, and! will say so more about subminiam’’ NUMBER 5.