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dljp (Emigrant M Journal, 4.W.M.4f D O 1 A L D , KDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, IS ISSIED F.VERV OTHER WEEK AT THE CITY OF M.M\r;i lt. Dakota Co.. IM. T. AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. RATES Ol- ADVERTISING : Eight lines, one time, SI 00 “ “ three times, 200 J®f*Speeial contracts will he made with those desiring to advertise by the year Til E lft DAT\TED. MRS. b. n. SUM iURNEV. The English steamship E irk *u la-ad, bound to Africa, with a regiment of troops on board, struck on a hidden reef at noonday, and went down in half an hour. Sum moned to the upper deck by the roll of the drum they saw the leafs filled with the passengers, women, and children, under the charge of sailors, but that none re mained ior them. So perfect was their discipline, and i heir heroic willingness that the helpless should he saved, ihat without a murmur, and calmly us they would raced an enemy in the field, they met the last foe— standing shoulder to shoulder and firing one farewell volley as they sunk into their ocean grave. The good ship toward a tropic shore Pursued her prosperous course, Rut hidden rocks in ambush lie, She strikes with fatal force— She strikes! She groans ! With wounded heart U’er the dark flood she reels. And ruin, like the bolt of heaven, 11 1 r doom foruver seals. “ Down with the boats !” The master’s voice Assumes resistless power, For manhood hath a godlike might To rule in peril’s hour— They meet the wave, they take their freight W omen and helpless child— With hard sailors at the helm They dare the breakers wild. The deep drum rolls, and on the dec k Come forth a martial baud, Who hoped their country’s cause* to serve Upon a foreign strand ; They hear the loud reveille beat, But uot for battle fray, And come the last dread foe to meet In resolute arrav. No boats for them ! The raging sea The swimmer’s power defies, Shoulder to shoulder, on the wreck, In iiinrshaH’d ranks they rise. Xo boat s for them ! A silent prayer Is iu their lifted eye, They ne’er had blanch’d when duty call’d And now it calls to die. Firm pbakuix of auswering men, Your work on earth is o’er, The trumpet and the clarion-cry Shall thrill your breasts no more : Ye thought Old England's flag to bear In triumph o’er her foes, But the banner of the crested deep >1 ust wrap your last repose. Oh, gallant band ’ from far-off hornet l hear a wailing strain, Bother and wife and child await Your comiug—but in vain : One brief adieu! then turn to Him Who trod the raging sea, Whose power can save the parting soul And give it victory. A flash amid the summer air, An echo on the wave, And loud that booming valley spoke The farewell of the brave, While from the ready, trusting soul— As husk from ripen’d sheaf- Pass’d off the dreams and care's of earth, Pass’d off the love and grief. Down, down—each moment lower still, Hand knit in hand, they bore— Their black plumes mid the tossing foam Loom'd up—and all was o’er ; All o’er ! save that one mountain surge Like tyrant cleft the tide, Uplifting with a thunder-voice Its boast of wrath and pride; While deeper sigh’d the solemn sea. As iiVr the reef she bleaks, 1 teploring with a grief profound The manv wrecks she makes— And though o’er many an argosy Her whelming billows swept, Naught nobler than those J’ritish hearts In la r i oid bosom slept S.VNtnnalic Emigration. Home time ago we spoke in’referenco to the advantage of systematized emigration, and advocated it as a public work, by which the West would be the gainer. There have bean efforts made, heretofore, to carry out various plans, by which emigration would be promoted from the old country ; there have also been colonies transplanted from the old to the new world, where agents have gone out and prepared everything for their direct transporta tion. Sometimes these communities have been religions, sometimes political, and in two or three instances a pure ly social experiment. So far as we have ever learned, all, with the exception of the latter, have reaped great benefit from having combined arrangements. But the great body of emigration lias never, until lately, received any attention, to lessen their difficulties and expenses, The following account of the efforts of individual phi- lanthropy shows how much can he done for that class, and how easily it may he extended and improved if once made a matter of public consideration. It is from the X. Y.- Tribune : Mr. Verc Foster, an English gentleman who has de voted his time and money to the establishment and pro motion of Systematic Emigration from the Old World to the New, came out some weeks since in advance of a party of 14(1 picked emigrants, who had been shipped from Liverpool under his direction, in the ‘City of Mo bile/ which sailed on the 26th of May, and arrived on the Ist of July. Some of these emigrants were prompt ly forwarded to their friends in different sections ; a num ber, contrary to Mr. Foster’s advice, stopped in this city while the remainder, 94 in all, started directly from the Castle Garden depot for the West, under Mr. Foster’s persoual oversight. The experiment was more than sa tisfactory. The Railroads passed the party in first class cars, though they paid but emigrant fare; they were met at Syracuse, at Detroit and at Chicago, by eminent and trusty persons interested in their welfare—the Catholic priests in each locality having made provision in advance for those of their communion, and standing ready to take them l>v the hand on their arrival ; and those who con tinued so far reached their ultimate destination—Janes ville, Wis., 1,060 miles distant—in 44i hours from this city, every cue being in the enjoyniont of good health. Each was hired at fair wages, without an hour’s delay, and was welcomed to the house of some country man' to rest and refresh for a few days prior to going to work. Mr. Foster, having seen each of his emigrants * thus satisfactorily provided for, returned to this city, aud loft for Europe in the Arabia on Wednesday. He ex pects to come out. with (or in advance of) another party of emigrants in September. The very great superiority of Systematic Emigration over the No-System hitherto prevailing is manifest.— The entire expense of removing those people from their old homes in the interior of Ireland to Wisconsin falls short of $25 each ; and they were hardly six weeks from work to work. The average expense of a strag vtt»i”rtnit fi»»iu Irrlatitl t»» Wist!HII? , !ll JS HOT IBPS than 850, and a whole season is consumed in the pro cess The moral safeguards of Mr. Foster’s system are eveu more valuable than its pecuniary advantages. The usual temptations to intemperance, lowdness aud vagran cy and the expnsuie to imposition, fraud and robbery, are completely precluded by this plan. We trust it may ' be widely ext* ndcu and perpetuated. We do not coincide with the views commonly advan ced upon the subject of western migration; in many respects our opinions are antagonistic to those which the journals of the seabord States have held. Recently, it is true, a change has commenced in various leading pa pers- —an unusually fruitful harvest, the continued influx of orold and the fact that the money market is easier and a financial crisis less probable each day, have encouraged desponding hearts and stolen the thunder of interested grumblers. But- a month ago, from the Washington I'uion down to the duodecimo sheets, a chorus of cave co item, rang forth, beseeching in piteous accents, eastern capitalists and eastern men not to hazard their future and their capital in a fool-lutrdy speculation. In everv key the song of warning has been sung to those adventurous spirits who seemed disposed to do that which their grand-mothers declared foolish and wicked— because novel. In every variety of accent, the young spirits of the ai>e, who have a true conception of the meaning of the word progress, have been informedtbattbc Weltis im bued with a mania of speculation which must be disas trous as the South ISea bubble or the fatal inflation of 1837. Every Bank, feeling that the blood was being drained from its veins by each successive remittance to the for West, has raised the cry of horror, as the precious fluid jeft their bloated carcasses to invigorate the daring youth of western enterprise. The dread of diminished profits and jealousy of't hose who are accumulating property more rapidly than they, have caused the institutions of the East to feel this patriotic agony and east a bilious tinge upon all the views enunciated through a sympathi sing press. Because they witnessed many revulsions— they feel authorized to declare, without resort to argu ment, that this period of prosperity must be followed bv such a collapse as those which succeeded the expan sions of former years. As the inconsiderate increase of Bank paper, which was not founded upon a proper pro portion of true metalie money, produced an enhance ment of prices which was followed by its natural eonse tiuence, a destructive depreciation—they have decided with true senile reasoning, that the present period of unexampled prosperity nmst be followed with similar crushing misfortunes. This outcry Ims been productive of good. It has ar rested the community when fast becoming audacious in its conceptions and fool hardy in enterprise. Specu lation checked, —we have had him to reflect and compare. We have examined our accounts and know exactly how we stand. We have posted the books, struck the bal ance between the Debit and Credit and found that the country was never so wealthy and trade never conduct ed upon so sound a ba.-is. This panic, therefore, has continued sufficiently long. We have had sufficient time to understand the condi tion of the country, whether in the East or in the West. It is now clear to every candid mind that causes deeper and more potent than that wielded by monied institu tions, have produced and will support this unprecedented state of things. For six years the world has annually received more than one hundred millious of the precious metals. This annual yield forms in itself a large proportion of the original aggregate. We have undoubtedly received since 1850 one-third or one-balf as much gold as the world employed previous to that year. The effect of this increase must have been to cheapen money and in crease the value of property. Money is a symbol; and as the symbol multiplies, that for which it stands must be multiplied in a similar ratio, aud thus we account for a rise in the value of pro perty which is universal in this country and throughout the civilized world. So long as the gold fields of Aus tralia, California and the Ural Mountains continue to pour their golden trqpsurcs into the lap of commerce, money nmst diminish and property mast advance in representative value. This is au universal law; aud we propose to discuss, in a few brief words, its necessary effect, upon the un settled portions of our Territory. From the earliest days of which history takes note, men have moved westward from the supposed cradle of the human race in Central Asia, building cities aud | Life Illustrated. | CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, AUGUST 15, 1857. Western Migration. populating deserts in obedience to some inexplicable law. In addition to this mysterious impulse, men turn, in our own country, from the densely populated states of the East in obedience to interests which are explicable and apparent. Boundless fields are open to them ; virgin soils invite; a country, beautiful as any upon which the sun shines, displays its uncorrupted beauties and limitless resources to all who can appreciate. Hither flock the men of small means but daring souls, who have determined to carve for themselves an honor able fortune. A benign government offers to them a property at much less than its value, when we consider the uatural enhancement consequent upon the quadru pling of the quantity of gold. Although ignorant of the cause, they all feel and know that that which five years ago cost one dollar and twenty-five cents, is now worth three dollars an acre. This single consideration enables us to understand much of the rapid rise in the value of western proper ty. It starts from below its value and must make a rapid stride toward its real value. These same eonsi rations also affect the prices of city property. Men, who forget the inc rease of gold and the aston ishing influx of population into our western States, can not comprehend the amazing enhancement in value of western property. They judge all things by the standard of the past, and measure all things by the standard of eastern progress. No doubt there is much unjustifiable speculation in the West, and no doubt these vaticina i tions are correct in reference to many town sites of spe culators; yet the bursting of many such air bubbles proves nothing as to those seats of trade which geogra phical position and natural causes point out as future centres of commerce. We will instance St. Paul. It is the head of navi gation on the Mississippi and thus connected with rivers which afford in the aggregate twenty thousand miles of navigable water. To the north of this navigation there ! lie six hundred miles of arable land, which, even to the ; Selkirk settlement, in tlie Tti-jf-jsili nnaagaainna. I Indian corn To the westward extends a fertile country | which for more than a thousand miles is capable bf sup porting u dense population. I Wisconsin and Minnesota contain the great body of ' timber, and almost the only timber in the West, and so to say, are the timber granary of the Mississippi States; all this must redound to the advantage of St. Paul and assist in its growth. All produce going into this im mense territory from the South, or taken away from the North or West for a southern market must pass through St. Paul, the head of navigation. The early period at which Lake Pepin is frozen over and the late period at which the ice is broken may divert a large ! trade in certain seasons to some point below the Lake, ! possibly Teepeotab, which is opposite a formidable bar in the river. However this may be, the tendency of our argument is simply to show that in this immediate ! neighborhood a great city must arise. Water communication is notoriously cheaper than land. This fact is the secret of the unexampled growth of a Cincinnati, a Louisville, a St. Louis and a Chicago, i Hitherto Chicago has been tha westernmost point from which a great trade could depart and reach. The sluggish Chicago river and the navigation ot the lakes, assisted by a necessary consequence or llailways, have been the cause that this city has afforded an unexampled , career of growth and prosperity. Hence has been dis tributed the merchandise of the East; it has been a cen ter from which eastern goods,coming over the inland seas, have radiated to the varions points already settled in i tne giaut West. We repeat, Chicago has been the ul j timato limit to which eastern and European trade could | reach by water communication. From these causes its i rapid rise. But since the completion of the canal around the I Sault Ste. Marie, a navigation is extended many hun dreds of miles farther into the heart of the American l continent, and the westernmost extremity of Lake Su j perior is nearly the same distance from Erie, Oswego, . Montreal, Quebec and the Ocean, as is Chicago. Since i the completion of the canals and the opening of an un interrupted navigation to the Ocean, the minds of men have been turned in a different direetion which we can ; understand by the following item of news : “Chicago and Liverpool. — A barque of 300 tuns bur-leu, capable of taking 10,000 bushels of grain, and intended as the first of a liuu to run from Chicago *o Liverpool, was launched at Chicago on the 4th. She was expected to be ready to sail by the 10th iust., and will take a cargo of pipe-staves, and return with a cargo of iron and crockery for Western merchants. This vessel is named the C. .J. Kershaw and is built for a fast sailer. —Sit The necessities of inter-European and American trade have called up a direct communication between the cen tre of our continent and the great marts of European commerce ; Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Bal timore have developed by reason of their position as intermediaries between the old world and the far-west of the new It is the trade of the West that lias made them what they are. Their net-works of Railroads and their efforts to absorb western trade have been directed in accordance with these ideas. They have levied a tax upon the agricultural products and the merchandise which has passed through these toll houses of commerce. The taxes which they have levied and the commissions they have abstracted have been the basis of their metropolitan growth. But as water seeks its level, trade has now found its natural channel, and Chicago is the first to feel this result of the unalterable laws of commerce. To avoid the onerous exactions of New York tranship ments and the commissions of New York merchants and because of the ruinous cost, of transportation by land, ships must ply between the centre of the conti nent and Kuropc . But Chicago is not the western most limit of water-navigation and can be the dis tributing point of only a small area. Goods intended for cistricts west of this, will seek the heart of the western hemisphere and avail themselves, to the ut most limit, of this easy mode of transportation. The sails which swelled to the breeze which blew over Al bion’s shores or the luxuriant plains of Italy must carry undi a turbed cargoes to Superior City or Fond du-Lac. Here then it would seem the great city of the Ame rican contineut should be located and the great centre of commercial interchange find its site. But the winds from the lake are hyperborean; the soil is sterile; the country is unfruitful; ai d the near back ground is a marsh. The great heart metropolis cannot be founded anywhere around the extremity of Lake Superior. The proper position must be sought inland and upon the Mississippi. It may be St. Paul, or St. Anthony, or Stillwater, or Teepeotah. St. Paul, perhaps possesses more of the necessary qualifications than the others. It is seated in the centre of a rich agricultural region; it commands the navigation of many great rivers; it is in the reach of the only great forests of the western country; is the centre of numerous Railways and would seem destined to become a home of commerce, the me tropolis to which Fond-du-Lac and Superior must be the Ostim, the port, the warehouse and docks. At Su perior city will be located the depots which must be sub sidiary to the commercial London which has its seat at the head of twenty thousand miles of river naviga tion. We propose, in a future article, to give our reasons for believing that the only practicable route, north of Texas, for a Pacific Railroad, is the so-called Northern route. We believe it susceptible of proof that this is the shortest and most natural; less obstructed by snows and better provided with the necessary building ma terials ; that in fine it presents the only surmountable grades. We shall attempt to show that therefore an early effort must be made to connect the Lakes with the Pacific Ocean—that merchandise must flow thither where is less transportation by rail and where broad waters extend into a heart of a continent in a manner which presents a channel for the trade of hemispheres. Our argument will tend to prove that the great distri buting point of the continent will be near the extremity of Lake Superior and that here, upon the westernmost limit of water-navigation, the (exchange will be made between the products of golden India and the manu factures of combined Europe. Education at tbe West. In responding to a toast at the dinner of the Alumni of Harvard University, Hon. Edward Everett spoke as follows on the progress of .education at the West : I must express -the satisfaction which I have lately had occasion to feel during my somewhat extended journey to the west and nortb-west of the country. It was .one of thajr-jfiateat nleasnr** * <vuuu me sons or llar varcTe very where I went—beyond the Ohio, beyond the Mississippi, I could not go where I was nqk Surrounded by those who came to me as the studentPof Harvard College (applause); and it is to me one of the most de lightful considerations that the influence of our benevo lent Alma Mater is not bounded to the little geographi cal district in which it is situated, not confined to Mas sachusetts, but in the remotest parts of our continent her name is held in veneration, her influence is acknowl edged, and there too, better yet, her example is closely followed. Let me tell you that more is doing for education, pop ular,'academical and professional, in the West than you are perhaps aware of. In that noble queen city ofthewest Cincinnati, accompanied by a nephew of President King, a child himself of Harvard, I visited schools that I must tell my friend Dr. Shutleff, will compare very well with those of Boston in which he takes so deep an interest.— And if Boston intends to maintain that reputation of taking the lead in school instruction which she has here tofore enjoyed, she must look carefully and diligently to the superintendence of her institutions of learning. It was the same thing in Chicago. I saw beautiful school houses there—equal to any in Boston. In St. Louis I saw the noblest arrangements for education, and I trusted that I should have the gratification of the at tendance of a worthy gentlemen of St. Louis, Judge Treat, who has taken a great interest in promoting the educational interests of St. Louis, and a warm and af fectionate son of Harvard, and he is only prevented from being here to-day by a railroad accident, which confines him to his home at the present time. Nothing else would have deterred him from coming. But lam happy to say that another most excellent friend from that re gion, who has done as much for education as any living man, east or west, who has been one of the most active individuals in building up the hopeful institution that is now rising on the banks of the Mississippi, under the name of the Washington Institution, in the State of Missouri, is here with us to day. We cannot boast of him as an Alumnus of the academical branch of our in stitution, but he has been a student in one of our pro fessional schools, and I am sure if you knew as much of the interest he has felt and taken in the cause of educa tion in the West as I do, you would say with me, cum talissis utinum noster esses. I beg to offer as a toast— The prosperity of the Washington University of Mis souri, and the health of the Rev. Dr. Elliot. Health and Climate. Sir James Clark, of England, has assailed with con siderable force the doctrine that a change of climate is beneficial to persons suffering from consumption ; and a French physician, M. Carriere, has written forcibly against it. Dr. Burgess, an eminent Scotch physician, also contends that climate has little or nothing to do with the cure of consumption, and that if it had, the curative effects would be produced through the skin and not the lungs. That a warm climate is not in itself beneficial, he shows from the fact that the disease is common to all latitudes. In India and Africa, tropical climates, it is as frequent as in Europe and North America. At Malta,right in the heart of the genial Me diterranean, the army reports of England show that one third of the deaths among the soldiers are bv consump tion. At Nice, a favorite resort of English invalids, especially those afflicted with lung complaints, there are more native-born persons die of consumption than in any English town of equal population. In Geneva the disease is almost equally prevalent. In Florence, pneu monia is said to be marked by a suffocating character, and by a rapid progress towards the last stage. Naples, whose climate is the theme of so much praise by travel ers, shows in her hospitals a mortality by consumption equal to one in two and one-third, whereas Paris, whose climate is so often pronouced villainous, the proportion is oply oqe in three and one-quarter. In Madeira, no local disease is more prevalent than consumption. The Jews. —Our childhood is nursed with tales of the childhood of the Jewish nation. Peaceful patri archal families coalescing into a tribe, creeping with stealthy defiance from the treacherous hospitality of Egypt, hardened by their desert life, and moulded into a nation of warriors by the greatest of lawgivers, shat tering the giant Anakim by the force of faith and law, and giving birth to sublime prophets and a long line of kings ; —such is the ancient story, which we know far better than the tale of Saxon, Dane and Norman. We follow them into their exile, their happy restoration, the magnificent fury of their last defiance, and then we lose them utterly for many centuries, to find them in the present day rising once again from misery and defile ment, revered, like CEpiaas, for age and sorrow, and gifts not earthly ; shunned, like him, for memories of awful and mysterious sin. Leigh Hunt. —The occasion which called forth the following lines was this:—Leigh Hunt had brought some good tidings to Carlyle, which so delighted Mrs. Carlyle, who was in the room that she sprang up from the chair and kissed the “ newsman.” Leigh, who is as courtly a gallant as John Hoope himself, sent her two bottles of apple-jack the next morning, with these verses : Jenny kissed me when we met, Springing from the chair she sat in, Time, you thief who love to get Sweets into your book, put that in ; Say I’m ugly—say I’m sad— Say that health and wealth have missed me— Say I’m growing old—but add, Jenny kissed me! The Ear them ware Trade of the United A banquet was lately given at the La Pierre House, l Philadelphia, by the earthenware dealers of that city, to i their brethren of other cities. Mr. Hacker, President ' of the Philadelphia Earthenware Board of Trade, in his i remarks, gave the following statistics: ‘ The earthenware trade of the United States, although limited in amount when compared with other depart ■ ments of trade and commerce, i#yet of vast importance |to the interests of the country. It gives the reward of j labor to some thousands in the potteries of Staffordshire, | England. Its bulk is so great in comparison with the | value of the article, that it gives employment to large I numbers of the laboring classes in this country, in the I departments of packing, storing, draying, &c., and it is | of vital importance to the shipping interests of the world; j for the groundwork of almost every skip chartered in I Liverpool for this country and for other distant places is crates of earthenware and china. ‘The number of packages of earthenware shipped from Liverpool to the United States for the past six years averages abn«’* ioo,ooo crates per annum ; the en tire oLipmeuts from Liverpool to all parts of the world average about 170,000 per anf»u to , t ,he United States therefore receive more than one-half of all tne that is exported. ‘ The bulk of 170,000 crates is equal to 212,000 tuns measurement, and would load 212 ships of a thousand tuns each; being four ships a week for all the year. You can see at a glance how important is the manu facture of this article to the shipping interest. ‘ The vast amount of freight that is given to our rail roads and canals in this country is equally important, for the revenue of it is very heavy, although the value of it is insignificant when compared to many other ar ticles that are sold and forwarded to all parts of our con tinent; yet the freight is paid on bulk and weight.— The average freight from England to the United States is abont five per cent, on its cost; the average freight from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh is about the same. ‘ Tlie manufacture of earthenware can be traced, and has been the means of preserving the evidences of past civilization, as far back as the Tower of Babel. It is not now confined to England, but is made in some form in every country on the globe. The Chinese, the Japan ese and the French are now famed for the magnificence ' of these articles of porcelain; and indeed, the French j China manufacture is becoming a great source of revenue ! to this government, and is now a staple article of use in : all parts of the United States. Jefferson’s Opinion of Farming. Whatever may be your choice of future occupation— whatever calling or profession you may select, there is certainly none more honorable than that of a farmer.— The patriarch of the fields, as he sits beside the cottage door, when his daily toil is over, feels an inward calm never known in the halls of pride. His labor yields him unpurchasable health and repose. I have observed with more grief and pain than I can express, the visible tokens which appear in all directions of a growing dis position to avoid agricultural pursuits, and to rush into some over-crowded profession, because a corrupt and de basing fashion has thrown around it the tinsel of imag inary respectability. Hence, the farmer, instead of preparing his child to follow in the path of usefulness himself has trod, educates him for a sloth ; labor is con sidered vulgar, to work is ungenteel, a jack-plane is less respectable than the lawyer’s green bag; the handles of the plow less dignified than the yard-stick. Unfor tunate infatuation ! How melancholy is this delusion, which unless it be checked by a wholesome reform in public opinion,will cover over our country with wreck and ruin ! This state of things is striking at the very foun dation of our national greatness ; it is upon agriculture that we mainly depend for our continued prosperity, and dark and evil will be the day when it falls into direpute. What other pursuit offers so sure a guarantee of an honest independence, a comfortable support for a growing family ? Where else can wc look but to the productions of the soil for the safety of investment, and for ample returns ? In commercial speculations all is chance and uncertainty, change and fluctuation, rise and fall. In the learned professions, scarce one in ten makes enough to meet his incidental expenses ; how, then, are we to account for this fatal misdirection of public opinion ? Chivalry of Old. —lt was the courtesy of chivalry that inspired Crillon to send vegetables to the scurvy infected Elliot, whom he was besieging in Gibraltar ; and, to come down to the last example, it was per haps an unnecessary courtesy which inspired Sir Edward Lyons, when our own men were lying half-famished in the trenches before Sebastopol to send a fat buck to the hostile admiral within the city. Still, courtesy be tween knights engaged in hostilities has ever received an universal and approving acknowledgment. When George 11. sent the Garter to Prince Ferdinand of Bruns wick, the great victor at Minden, his investiture took place in front of the whole army. The French General De Broglie, learning the nature of the ceremony, gener ously hastened to do honour to valor by the exercise of which the French had grievously suffered. He, too, drew up his men within sight of the spectacle, and then saluted the new knight, whose skill and courage had been rewarded by George 11. De Broglie dined m the evening in Ferdinand's tent, the guest of his adversary. On the following day they were as fierce enemies as ever. 4The Difference. —The difference between a repub lic and a monarchy is thus truthfully pointed out bv somebody : ‘ Pile all the people Into a pyramid, with the President for the apex, and you have the symbol of a republic. You can shake the President, but you can not move the united force of the people. Invert the pyramid, with a King for its base, and you have a symbol of a monarchy. Trip up that King, and the whole structure falls into confusion. , m States. Curious Facts. —Capt. Beaufort saw, near Smyrna, in 1841, a cloud of locusts forty-six miles long and three hundred yards deep, containing, as he calculated, one hundred and sixty-nine billions. • Lewenhceck reckoned 17,000 divisions in the cornea (outer coat of the eye) of a butterfly, each one of which he thought possessed a crystaline lens. Spiders, &c. are similarly provided for. The hair-spring of a watch weighs 0.15 of a grain; a pound of iron makes 50,000. The pound of iron costs 2 cents; a single spring costs 2 cents; so that 50,000 produce SIOOO. Spiders have four paps for spinning their threads, each pap having a thousand holes, and the fine web it self the union of 4000 threads. No spider gpittß more than four webs, and when the fourth is destroyed they seize on the web of others. Mole hills are curiously formed of an outer arch im pervious to rain, and an internal platform with drains, and covered ways on which the pair and young reside. The moles live on worms and roots, and bury themselves in any soil in a few minutes. Few insects live more than one year in their perfect state. Their first state is the egg, then the caterpillar, then the chrysalis or pupa, and finally the procreative form. But in these changes there are infinite degrees and varieties of transition, all of which constitute the pleasing and very instructive study of Entomology. Every pound of cochineal contains 70,000 insects boiled to death, and from 600,000 to 700,000 pounds are annually brought to Europe for scarlet and crimson dyes. Curious Advertising Stratagem. Some few years ago a hatter in London speculated in the purchase of the entire stock of a bankrupt brother tradesman; but soon after his purchase he found that he had overstocked himself. He was on the point of reluctantly dismissing some of bis bands, when a sharp-witted friend- ®»uie to the rescue. By hisLjdvice, * tana bill, /announcing the cheapness of "the latter's wares was prepared antt atetmnnimi ■■■.■■ ii, as had been already done for some time, except-in one particular The bill was headed “ Who’s your Atter?" and throughout its contents were invariably mentioned as ‘ Ats, Youth's Silk Ats, Best Beaver Ats, Ladies’ Biding Ats, etc. The remainder of the handbill was in unexceptionable English. The result perfectly justified the inventor’s anticipations. These bills were sought after as typographical curiosities.— Men shouted with laughter at the ludicrous effect of what they considered ignorance on the part of the printer, or of the writer. They carried these bills in their pockets and merrily showed them to their friends. One or two elderly gentlemen, pre viously perfect strangers, came to the shop, bought ( ats’ and expostulated gravely with the ‘ atter ’ upon the solecism. Young fellows purchased gossamers for the fun of the thing, begged for handbills, and held jocular conversation with the shopkeeper. The shop became known, and the proprietor, now a flourishing tradesman, frequently smiles as he hears the street boys calling out the now established phrase of f Who’s your atter ? ' the origin of which, but for the publication of this curious little episode on advertising, might possibly, in a few short years, have been lost forever to the antiquarian. To this day, the pronunciation of the popular inquiry is that of the original handbill. The Sugar Cane. —We are pleased to see the statement that “ the agricultural bureau of the Patent Office” has made'arrangements’for the introduction and cultivation of sixteen or more varieties of the sorghum sucre , or sugar cane, and sincerely hope the experiments which are now being made with this new plant may prove successful. If we can raise our own sugar and molasses in Maine, or even the molasses alone, it will prove an invaluable acquisition to our crops. —Maine Farmer. Camphor a Remedy for Mice. —Any one desirous of keeping seeds from the depredations of mice, can do so by mixing pieces of camphor gum in with the seeds. Camphor placed in trunks or drawers will prevent mice from doing them injury. The little animal objects to the smell, and keeps a good distance from it. A Poser. —A calm, blue-eyed, self-composed and self-possessed young lady in a village “down east,” receiv ed a long call the other day from a prying old spinster, who, after prolonging her stay beyond even her Own conception of the young lady’s endurance, eame to the main question which Had brought her thither; “I’ve been asked a good many times if you was engagedto Dr. C Now, if folks inquire again whether you be or not, what shall I tell ’em 1 think ?” “Tell them,” answered the young lady, fixing her calm blue eyes in unblushing steadiness upon the inquisitive features of her interrogator, “ tell them that you think you don’t know, and you are sure it is none of your business.” A Georgia nigger was riding along and came to a bridge, when his mule stopped. < I’ll bet a quarter, f said Jack, ‘ I’ll make you go over dis bridge,’ and struck the mule over the ears which made him nod his head sudden ly. < You take the bet, then,’ said the negro, and con trived to get the mule over the bridge. ‘I won that quarter any how,’ said Jack. < But how will you get the money,’ said a man close by unperceived. ‘ To-mor row,’ said Jack, 1 massa gib a dollar to get corn, and I take the quarter out.’ Markets.—The editor of an exchange paper pab lishes a panning “ market report," in Which he state that tin plates are flat, lead heavy, iron dull, rakes not much inquired after, champaigne -brisk, rhubarb and senna are drags, starch is stiffening, eggs lively, butter and lard Strang, and paper is stationary. There is no life in dead hogs, but considerable animation in old cheese. A pedlar calling on an old lady to dispose of some rds, inquired if she could tell him of any road no ped had traveled. ‘Yes,' said she ,‘ I know of one, had only one, which no pedlar has traveled, and that’s the road to Heaven/ 1 A maid hookecftfee of the best of her mistress’ dresses the other day bnt the affair was passed over because it was done behind the beck, s© that there was no one to testify to the fact. . The editor of an Eastern wiper expresses Meat i&ifr y nation at the meaner in which' a woman was barfed Wb? committed suicide.. He says she ** was buried fflljt » dog *i(h hor olotboo «i>:r 1 U A maid. the other day *. was done behind one to testify The editor nation at the coonmitted a dog #ith NUMBER 6.