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The Emigrant aid journal of Minnesota. [volume] (Nininger City, Minn. Terr. [i.e. Minn.]) 1856-1858, August 29, 1857, Image 1

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VOLUME 1.
(Slip (Emigrant liil Journal.
4 . W . MACDONALD.
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
is ISSI’ED EVERY UTUKR WEEK. .iT THE
CITY OF KINIXGER, Dakota Co.. 91. T.
at two dollars A year, in advance.
rates of advertising :
Eight lines, one time, $1 00
“ '* three times, 200
contracts will lie made with those desiring to
advertise hv the vear
For the Emigrant Aid Journal.
THE PAPER AND EDITOR.
Success to the Journal, the Etuigraut Aid,
May it spread its broad sheets to the breeze,
Shed a halo of light o’er the dark, gloomy shade,
And herald glad news o’er the sea«.
May it point out the way, to the wayfaring man
Who wauders in search of a home ;
To the emigrant, tender the kind, welcome hand,
When e’er to our shores he may come.
May it live through the burden and fa^^B. the day
And prosper where ever it goes;
May age never make it grow wrinkled, or gray,
But fair, as the fair prairie rose.
May the Editor’s thoughts be wisely inspired,
The pen ever ready to move;*
It tin zt»al tvr ufo .. UlfißpiWTO wren?
Every thought, word, and aot fraught with low. \ i
. r ■ '' S
May he build him a heme in the far JiatenA WeSf
Surpassing the one left behind,
With health, and prosperity, may he be blest,
Surrounded with friends true, and kind.
May dutie*, and pleasures be ever combined,
To sweeten the toils of his life;
But the purest of all earthly bliss, may he find
In his home, with his children and wife.
And when he has manfully filled up life’s page,
And the signal for closing, is given, [stage, ;
May he lay down the pen—with a smile leave the
And find his name written in heaven.
August Ist, ’57. Eastern Friend.
A Wife out West.
The following truthful picture of scenes quite com
mon anywhere out West, was written for another local
ity than Minnesota, hut in the main suits the every day
occurrences in this Territory :
“ I wish to goodness that I could give you a drawing j
of our house and furniture, but T can’t, do the thing
justice. The house is about as large as your kitchen.
The logs are beautifully hewed in the inside, (they still
retain their natural appearance on the outside ) 1 have
the greatest quantity of kindlings by just going around 1
the walls and pulling thorn off.. We will have enough
to last several years if we have good luck. We have
no window, but something far more convenient, made
by simply moving the shingles to one side, as they arc
not nailed; it answers every purpose. The day we got
here, Mr. S made a table and a cupboard, aud two
benches, one has a back. As our bedstead has not yet.
come from the ‘ Pidt,’ we make our beds on the floor.
We have two shelves where we put all our pretty things.
Three or four bags banging around the walls help the
appearance of them very much. My guitar occupies a
friendly position near the mud bag. I have’a uice little
cooking stove, which bakeft vt»y well. We have no
chairs or anything that tow* people require
f wish you had seen us «Ut our §rst dinner ; we bad
no otstreu, cu>i-.y it<> oil a shingle ; Mr. 8. took tlw
lid off the stove !M. ate pflThtfr fcttswt* l bad ft big
piece of brown paper. We drank our coffee out of tin t
cups. D. and Mr. S. have made two of the niewt gar- ,
dens you ever saw They fenced them all is three .
days. I helped I), clear off the garden three days—
and I wish you could see my hands 1 But I have been
very happy —it is also nice to work alone with one’s
husband. .'Thursday I did a three weeks’ washing. D.
is very well and as happy as he can be. Be has a wagou
and a yoke of oxen, cow and calf, two turkeys and two
dogs—which I believe is all the live stock wc have yet.
We have not seen butter since wc left the boat—it is
not fashionable here. D. is going to build a house next j
week—a frame one, tco. Bow 1 wish you were here j !
f long to see you. The country is lovely, aud we have j
a splendid place. I have two beautiful bouquets [gatli- j
ered yesterday when I went with D after wood. I rode
in an ox wagon ! It has been so cold lately that we ,
have worn two dresses. I think the comet does it; what
do you think of it by this time? We have the most
gooseberries and raspberries you ever saw, all uear the
house; besides strawberries all around the door, and
plenty of wild plums.”
Geographical Inaccuracies.
It is not many years since it was stated in a geoj^a-;
phy published in the city of London, that some of the j
country around the upper Mississippi was susceptible of i
cultivation. This no doubt included what is now knowu
as Wisconsin, lowa, and Minnesota. We think if the j
author of the work were now to travel quite a thousand 1
yiiles north of his lowest point, he would even there
see how he blundered, when he beheld Indian corn i
ripening to perfection Anti as he came back through
the rich and fertile valleys of this Territory, and tile
two States name-dp equalling his own productive land, >
what astonishment would posse** him. But when we
remember the erroneous notions entertained by many
otherwise intelligent persons in our country, who believe
but little more is to be gained in this Territory than a pre
carious return for excessive labor, uuder almost peren
nial snow aud frost, our contempt for such guessing as
sertions diminish. In this case the author, having but
little authority for any opiuion of the country, but the i
strange aud r< :uantie stories of the hunter’s life, and j
his adventures with the roaming herds of buffalo and
the quarry of his traps, surmised this region to be some j
arid desert, sucjntfe familiar to the hunter of northern ;
Europe and Asia; but, beiug coursed by the majestic!
stream already described, grunted its banks might bear j
cultivation. l)h the other hand, wlieu our countrymen
may daily reajj the concurrent testimony of visitors as
well as settlers :n regard to our unsurpassed if equalled
climate; alsnt! |e TiJfied classes aud abundance of pro
ducts raised lie' e, and the wonderful prosperity every
where about) lit g, which is induced alone by the at
tractiveness of tie eouutry as a desirable place of abode,
—there can ho.no excuse urged for their ignorance, in
reiterating tlie-absurd guesses of an old English geo
graphy.
Nothing scenes more difficult to eradicate than notions
early imbibed, in regard to geographical infor
mation. in Europe the traveler from America is still
questioned rdatjve to the habits of our countrymen as
all being bl ickflmoofß; the maelstrom is a sehool-boy
wonder that will remain impressed on his mind through
every stage of life, against the protestation of scientific
exploration.
As far as our future is concerned, the lateut energy ,
of our country (will place our advantages in au unques
tionable light, |vhen once the .State machinery is ad- ;
justed to work.) lu the mcautinie our energetic home
journals are accomplishing much to remove many pre- j
judices, so tlut-we may hope to go East and not be
x-tked-iiy intelligent persons “if it is true they can
fuimlndia* Cfrni in Minnesota?” or “ain’t you afraid..
iwatiWi. Which one cannot avoid HMNiftjf«' pmkat,
the wofk of modern American
—► -W
Charge at Balaklava.
Mr. Russell, the Crimean correspondent, of the Lon-1
don Tim**, whose thrilling aud graphic descriptions of
the battles added so much interest to that celebrated !
campaign, lias beeu delivering a course of lectures on ;
the same subject lately, lie is paid $50,000 for his !
services ouo year by a party who made such agreement i
with him, and who incurs all the responsibility. From i
the annexed lively picture of the most uoted battle that :
there took place, we judge he is also successful as a lec
turer :
‘Lord RaglaD, all his staff and escort, and groups of j
officers, the Zouave-, French generals and officers, and I
bodies of Flench infantry ou the height, j
of the%cene, as though they were looking ow the stage j
from the boxes of a theatre. Nearly every* one dis-1
mounts and sits down, aud not a word is said. The Rus
sians advauee down the hill at a slow canter, which they i
c-hauge to a trot, and at. last nearly halt Their first line
is at least double the length of ours—it is three times j
as deep. Behind them is a similar line, equally strong
and compact. They evidently despise their insignificant
looking enemy, but their time is come. The trumpets
ring out again through lite valley, and the Grays and
Enoiskilienors, gathering way like some giant engines
as they go, rush at the centre of the Russian cavalry.
The space between them is only a few hundred yards :
it is scarce enough to let the horses “gather way,” nor ;
have the men space quite sufficient for the play of their '
sword-arms. The Russian line brings forward each wing 1
us our cavalry advance, and threatens to annihilate them :
as they pass ou. Turning a little to their left, so as to
meet the Russian right, the Grays rush ou with a cheer
that thrills to every heart; the wild shout of the Ennis- i
killencrs rises through the air at the same instant. As "
lightning Hashes through a cloud, the Grays and Ennis- j
killcuers piereed through the dark masses of Russians. >
The shock was but for a moment.. There was a clash of j
steel and a light play of sword-blades in the air, and )
theu the Grays and the red coats disappear in the midst
of the shaken and quivering columns. In another mo
ment we see them emerging and dashing on with dimin- -
ished numbers, and iu broken order, against the second |
line, which is advancing against them as fust as it can to
retrieve the fortuue of the charge- It isa terrible teo- :
ment. “God help thei ! they arc lost ! ” is the ex
olanjunon n.hnn man, and the thought of;
many. With unaMteon^BßHlUUV ■nnSTMMwvwvjMd'
enemy. It is a fight of The first Hoe of las- f*
dans, which has bcettrsniihflied utterly by our charge,
and fled off at one flank and towards the centre, is com
ing back to swallow up our handful of men. By sheer
steel and sheer courage, Scot were ;
winning their desperate way right through the enemy's .
squadrons, and already gray horses and red e#ts appear-j
ed right at the rear of the second mass, "When, with ir
resistible force, like a bolt from a bow, the 4th Dragoon 1
Guards rush at the right flank of the euetuy, as they
overlap the turmoil in which sabre and pistol ply iuces- j
sautlyN—go through it as though it were in a gleam of
light—and dashing on the Russians as they trembled
beneath the terrible assault of the Grays and their com
panions, put them to utter rout. This Russian horse, in
less than five minutes after it met our Dragoons, was fly
ing with all its speed before a force certainly not half its
strength. A deer burst from every lip—in the en
thusiasm, officers and men took off their caps and shout
ed with delight, and keeping up the scenic character of
their position, they clapped their hands again and again, i
We shook handi with each other—each man felt proud
of his fellow ; ind there was the exquisite feeling of j
triumph which is only felt in the first flush of victory.
There was only one feeling to mar the universal plea
sure—“ Why di«l not the Light Brigade charge them as
thejfipvere flying over the brow of the hill.” Had the
charge-been unsuccessful, we might have lost Balaklava.
We were observing the motions of the enemy, when I
saw Captain Nolan approaching the ledge of rock on
which i was sitting, as if to ride down into the plain.
1 knew him well, and well I knew too that no steel-clad
knight MFold ger felt profounder contempt for homely
fantassin than tjiiat which animated Nolan, mounted or
oue of his uoblp chargers, for the infantry soldier. Be
stopped for a moment as he descended to tighten up his 1
girths, and as was mounting I asked him for a light.
He threw me ajlittle bag with flint and steel, and said,
“ Now, you 'll see us go in for a spin ! Keep that till I
come back,” aud then dashed off to get to the valley.
At ten minute* past eleveu we see our Light Cavalry
Brigade form is two Hues, and dress up their front as if j
on parade. In the first line are the 17th Lancers and j
the Utli Light Dragoons; iu the second are the 4th :
Light Dragoons and 11th Hussars. A squadron of the]
m
CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA TERRITORY, AUGUST 29, 1857.
Bth llussars forms a third line in reserve behind
Suddenly we see with consternation this handful oß|||||||
break into trot—their pace quickens—they gallopHßjfl
could scarce believe the evidence of our senses. flgplp
those techie squadrons, whose whole strength is sfl|J|||i
that of one cavalry regiment, are not going
that army in position. Alas, it is too true.
proudly onwards, glittering in the morning sun
the pride and splendor of war. Two officers leadH|||l||
A shell, the first, from the enemy’s guns,
from his horse. Nolan falls dead. They
pace. A more fearful spectacle was never
than by us, who, without the power to aid,
heroic countrymen' rushing into the arms of death
hill sides breathe forth flashes of fire—volleys
ketry are plied from the redoubts—the charge
height. Suddeuly, at the distance of 600
whole line of the enemy belches forth from
mouths a flood of flame aud smoke, through whiclß|||||
es the deadly iron. The flight of the storm is
by instant gaps iu our ranks—by steeds flying ri<Bpj|l
across the plain—by dismounted troopers—by
bod ies. The first line, pierced by the hail, dasheß)A
it is followed by the second, with fast
—with a halo of bright steel above their heads.
a cheer, which is many a noble fellow’s death-cry
fly into the smoke of the batteries—into the very -1
of their tire. Through the clouds and flame we seeHHB
sabres fiushiug as they cut down the Russian
Theu there is silence far a moment, but the smoke jBRB
heavily ou the ground. We see our gallant hotlß
charge onwards still—the Russian cavalry
turn aud fly; but on their flanks hangs a thfe&jßnfi
cloud of Cossacks. From every bush rings”
deadly rifle —the infantry on the hill sides and redoubts |
ply the noble groups of horsemen with musketry. They
turn—the Cossacks aud Lancers present themselves to
bar The Bth I Inssaraare- fonuwH^j
them peer Bit the gunuXLrwMi <d W tbeir jfeMs
and thepatb homeward was stopped by belts m ’faßß':
Relieved indeed by a gallant charge of FrOniebCbasscnrr
on a Russian battery, which silenced it for a time, our
men was nevertheless swept away like chaff—wounded 1
men, dismounted troopers, told the sad tale. Demi-gods
could not have done what that cavalry had failed to do.*
We descended towards the ridges and met the survivors'
of that great ordeal of battle. That charge
rank among the most gallant achievements recoiflßß
history. It was successful, for it paralysed tbmfHm
siaus, aud astonished Lipraudi by its
French, indeed, said it was magnificent, but it
war. But they erred; it was not, indeed, the Bn
books or of professional homicide, but it was war
noblest form—that which demands life itself at thBB
of duty, honor, and country ; that which tKe
wuge% in defence of his altars and of his
which will ever render both alike honored and safeß||||
Condition of Armenian Woman. BB|
The condition of women in Armenia partakes of
pean freedom aud Asiatic restraint—the restraint bflß
laid ou the wife, aud the freedom allowed to the
To all, except Armenians born, this appears a
or at least a preposterous regulation. Yet,
it would seem to lead to no evil results, and at the
renders households tranquil, though, it may be,
dull, If marrying and wooing in Armenia were,
more civilized climes, affairs of the heart, and
private business of fathers aud guardians, we might juß||
ly expect that the Transcaucasian young ladies would
come u nation of vestals or amazons, so as to avoid tfl' v
uncomfortable doom which surely awaits them in
married state. While unwed, they go where they wißj
and converse with whom they please. But
words pronounced at the altar female liberty is at an
Thu lords of the Armenian creation are of opinion
merely that a ‘ voice soft, gentle, and low, is an
lent thing iu woman,’ but also that rigid
silence is wholesome for the sex. For six years
wife is condemned to almost complete taciturnity. -Ktß
more gadding about for her; ho gatherings at the villagß
fountain ; no dances under the umbrageous arcades oB
the wood. Eveu in her own house she must go afjputfl
veiled ; if a stranger comes on the premises, she hides!
herself in the innermost chamber; and twice only ini
tb£ year is she permit ted to appear in the street, and ■
then she js. escorted to church and back again by some ■
boarded and booted marital nr fraternal dragon. She 1
neither to father nor brother ; and as for cousins, they I
we not so ijku<& as mentioned in iter presence. Wh«t* I
soever commuuicutious are indispensable must be made j
by gestures or through the alphabet of the flffgers. Her I
first step towards enfranchisement is the birth oLher 1
first child. Bhe may talk to her infant, and shoulßhey I
happen to be on good terms, to her mother-in-law. I
Gradually her intercourse is extended to her newest fe
male relatives, and the experienced matron is occasional- ]
ly licensed to address her male kinsfolk. But tjie disease j
of garrulity has been tolerably induced bv this disci- |<
pline of sjx years; and an Armenian ladylias
the chance of becoming fluent in
she attains the years of the sybil or. t|te
crow.
Cisterns.
Brick cisterns are expensive; woodens ones ßlliillill
perishable and temporary. With a little
skill and a hand or two, any person can build
cisterns, at very little cost. Tu excavating the B|BB|
pit, dig it some six or eight iucltes larger in
than the size of the intended cistern, allowing
for the wall; eight feet diameter and ten feet
quite a large one, and will contain an ample
water for any family use ; six feet diameter
feet deep is a good size. With light inch
wheel or circle, with a tread or periphery one
the diameter of the wheel or circle being
proposed cistern. The cistern having been
eight inches in diameter larger than the
place the wheel on t'.e bottom of the cxea
in the center, so that there is a space of six* BBBMB
inches between the wheel and the bank of
tiou. Have' ready a bed of grouting,
gravel mixed with oue part sand and two parts IHhBB|
Ciiuent, or water lime ; till ;lie spaee around
with this. If gravel can not Lie easily
freestone, broken into pieces about the size of
may be substituted in its place; aud if
sand nor freestone is couveuient, any rock
pieces of about two inches will answer the puVpOiSitr ®
the spaee around the wheel with them, and grout fwh ! n
one part sand aud two parts cement. In the °‘ ; L
fifteen or twenty minutes, or while preparing an^tffjji
the first layer will have set or cod- i
; then raise the wheel ten inches, leaving a >
inches on the first layer; fill up as before,
until finished. When the circular wall, six
thick, is thus made and dry, remove the
the bottom of the cistern, some six or eight
nlflillß l t^ie same grouting, and now a solid con-
MlillH wall and bottom are completed. Plaster the
PtHlllfß two good coats of mortar made one part sand
LdH|Kts cement; when this is dry, finish with one
gflHj|Bn coat of cement only. A cistern so con-
be as tight as a jug, and last forever.
fegSH A Struggle for Liberty.
°i au attempt of two persons to release
S^i^SH^ roul a county jail in Pennsylvania, published
papers, as follows, rivals the exploits of
:
ners engaged in this attempt are the burglar
Kelley, imprisoned on a charge of arson.
HHH|Hke aid of a case knife converted into a saw,
iron bar of his hobbles and freed himself of
The wall of the room in which they were
of brick, and is about three feet
in thickness ; bars of iron are built in the
a distance apart as not to allow the passage
body between them. Through this wall
K 1 in tearing an immense hole—rending
ars of iron and filling their room with a
trick and mortar.
of ropes manufactured out of their bed
descended into the prison yard and passed
rt of the night in fruitless attempts to
urn, and their grapples obstiM^^n^^^B
iflfiß mm gm service m smnug wwu
bouse. The re-entrauefl into the prison was effectea Rj;j
means of the"pfank of which tlie steps are constructed
that lead from the building into the yard. Having ob
tained their implement, they set to work on the solid
masonry of that massive wall. A small chink was dis
covered, in which the point of the shovel would barely
lor tar was loosened—a small particle of
hen another and another, larger and
Some workmen employed about the
e prison at an early hour, discovered
in and gave tho alarm to the Sheriff,
prison yard, no one was to be found,
or some time, Barns was discovered
he steps, and Kelley had re-entered his
iparently in a very sound sleep, wholly
rhat had occurred during the night.
Iged in other quarters and are properly
led.
» Men Become Villains.
2 the history of some notorious criminal
iffer the last penalty of the law. What
g and what the progress of his ‘ way ? ’
n early life he was induced under a
o neglect the Sabbath, and to exchange
lie worship, for amusement and dissipa
;h circumstances he naturally addicted
s of chance, and to this stimulus as na
ther, that of ardent spirits. While the
is, gambling, and drinking to excess,
niseives around him, his power of self
ually weakened, and his impatience of
ers grew stronger by indulgence. Gross
he had become familiar, were for ever
nons waiting on his steps, to conduct
(le force of this mental association
1 by the influence of wicked com-!
now become ungovernable, and
ny cost. The line of integrity
rough; falsehood flowed from his
rse, and no longer did he hesitate
)f his neighbor. He sought the
r for his crimes, and deeds of dark
bit, qext his delight. Blasphemy
his Maker, confirmed by custom,
by a reckless cruelty toward his
ed by degrees to rapine and vio
iatan’s adamantine chain, he at .
ice of wickedness, by -f deliberate j
We have been passing through j
light, according to the natural or- i
followed and not preceded the era !
iy of the pale face among the
tto dawn. Our El Dorado has
id we are now about to receive an
ur Republic. The Gold State is ;
panion a Silver State. The pro
sonia is reported to be as richly
nes as California is with gold dig
mrchase, if all the reports from
•ve true, will be almost as valu
territory as California. The Illi
e, brought among her freight sev
from that supposed desert, which ■
rich
n the veins lately opened and oc-
Exploring and Mining Company,
the manager of the company from
ise, to the office of that Company
of silver in the Gadsden Pur
ttracting much attention in Cali*
lincs are represented as very riefi
ietors are only waiting for gov
inhabitants of the Purchase from .
e Indians to enter extensively
.— N. Y. Times.

ess.— A wealthy epicure applied '
r a prescription that would re
, and give happiness to his mind. ]
him to exchange shirts with a < 1
contented with his lot. Where- j
ion a journey in pursuit of such 1
months spent without acc»m- I
vas told of a certain cobbler of
iken as a model of contentment I
ig the direction given, the travel- j 1
»d with the sight of ibe cobble 1 l
njoying a comfortable nap on a board. Without cere- a
aony he was aroused from his slumbers, and the iuipor- 1
ant interrogatory, whether he was contented with his i
A mswjjrod in the affirmative. 1 y
‘ Then,’ said the seeker after happiness, * I have one
small boon to ask at your hands. It is that you ex
change shirts with me, that by this means I also may
become contented and happy.’
‘ Most gladly would I accede to thy request,’ replied
the cobbler, ‘but— ’
‘ Nay, refuse me not,’ interrupted the man of wealth;
‘ any sum that thou mayest name shall he thine.’
‘ I seek not thy wealth,’ said the cobbler, ‘ but—but— ’
‘ But what ? ’
‘ The—the truth is— l have no shirt.’
Foreign Summary.
Revolutionary outbreaks are continually taking place
in Italy just now. Mazzini, the renowned patriot, is
still prompting these movements, in connection with the
affilated societies which he has organized throughout that
country. He had a narrow escape lately on the defeat
of a party of his insurgent friends, and barely succeeded
in getting on an American vessel, where, of course, he
found sympathy and protection. These conspiracies are
said to include in their operations the revolutionizing
the whole of Europe once more. The result of the late
French elections, although generally in favor of the
existing government, is claimed, by the triumph of sev
eral of the Republican leaders, as a certain premonition
of the intention of the French people to change their
government.
Beranger, the people’s poet and distinguished Repub
lican, died in Paris last month. He never was recon
ciled to the present government, although every induce
ment had been held out to him to‘make friends with
Napoleon.
a clerk in a railway es
tbe usual
or a similar name, and
the railway.’ The clairvoyant was a boy employed in
London, and the foreman of the establishment, who
forwarded the communication to the police there, men
tioned that the boy’s powers in this respect, had been
frequently tested and found useful.
The circumstances were eventually proved in accord
ance with this marvelous testing, and the man was con
victed on the clearest evidence.
Letters from Rome announce that the studio of Craw
ford, the celebrated American sculptor, is now entirely
closed, and that there is little or no hope of his ever
recovering the use of his eyesight, or even of being en
abled to finish the very little that is required to complete
his monument of Washington, which was, last year,cast
in .the royal foundry at Munich.
Emigration still continues on a large scale, chiefly for
the United States, by means of funds supplied by per
sons already settled there, to enable their relatives to
join them. The guardians of the Waterford poor-law
union have sent out to Quebec upwards of 100 young
women, who had been inmates of the workhouse for
some years. In Cork, several of the police force have
resigned to emigrate to Australia.
The Madrid journals announce the death, at Cueta,
of Augustina Zaragoza, who, when very young, distin
guished herself in the memorable siege of Saragossa,
by assisting the artillerymen in the thickest of the fight
in firing on the French. For her services on this occa
sion sbe was made a sub-lieutenant of infantry in the
Spanish army, and received several decorations. She
was buried at Cueta with all the honors due to her me
mory.
The Canadian Government has appropriated $20,000
for an exploration of a route and a construction of a
road from Lake Superior to the Red River, a region at
tracting a good deal of attention among our neighbors.
It is proposed to lay down a submarine cable from
Corunna to the Island of Cuba and neighboring isles, by
a company recently organized in England.
One house in Sheffield, Eng., has taken an order for
40 tuns of rolled steel for crinoline} and a foreign order
has been given for one tun a week for some time to
come.
A brother of the Rev. J. A. Spurgeon, the celebrated
London'preacher, has recently appeared in the pulpit.
He is only 17 years of age, and is said to bs quite a
character. This Spurgeon family appear to take to
preaching naturally.
Five thousand pounds sterling have been granted by
the British Government to Captain Boxer, of the Royal
Artillery, and Superintendent of the Woolwich arsenal
laboratory, as a reward for his invention and improve
ment of fuses and shells, which were used at the seige
of Sebastopol.
The Fox screw steamer, fitted out at Aberdeen, Scot
land, by Lady Franklin, sailed from that port on the
morning on the Ist, in search of the remains of Sir
John Franklin and his crew. The vessel has been sup
plied with every article of equipment which could be
desired.
The Great Siberian Railroad. —The Abeille du
JYord, of St. Petersburgh, discusses the advantages of
a communication round the world, beginning with a rail
road crossing Siberia in the direction of Irkutsk, and
which, in the opinion of that journal, will he construct
ed sooner or later. It points out the utility of such a
commercial communication, which would unite to Eu
rope, by the Russian Railroads, the commerce of Cen
tral Asia, China and Japan. The Euphrates line and
that of Suez are, says that journal, only useful to En
gland, and the Panama route does not offer the advanta
ges to be expected from a railroad in Siberia, which would
be in the power of Russia. It is added that no want
)f security need be feared in Russia, as may be the case
>n the Euphrates and Suez lines.
MANELfess Horses. —The Persian Ambassador at
I’aris, Ferouck-Khan, has just presented to Louis Na
poleon, four Arab horses of the purest bloqd, from his
uaster, the Shah. Their peculiarities ar#two; they are
arger than any blood horses hitherto seen, and they
lave no manes. Paris was much delighted with the
>eauty of these animals.
A workman of Orne, having read in some foolish
>ook of the great properties possessed by a rope which
'*d served to hang a man, committed suicide, and left
ehind Hss*the following note :—“ Farewell, my wife
nd children ! As l have no fortune to bequeath you,
leave you an article which will enable you to succeed
u all your attempt. Divide amongst you the rope with
rhica I have hanged myself.” ,
X'
The Duchess Regent of Parma hus just conferred
a gold medal upon Lnigina Spazzini, a girl of fifteen
as a reward for the spirit which she exhibited in de
fending herself and the household against a robber wh<
broke in while Luigina was left alone there. She at
tacked him with a knife, wounded him and put bin
to flight. When her father returned home she went
with him and another man named Gobbi in pursuit
of the robber, who was overtaken, captured ami con
victed.
The present period is remarkable for the unusua
movement among royal personages. The French Im
perial Family have already made their journey to Eng
land. The Emperor of Austria has been moving abou
pretty freely. The Emperor and Empress of RussL
have visited Hamburg and Hanover, and are about U
join the Dowager Queen at Kissingen. The Sultai
Abdool Medjid has mustered resolution to leave th<
harem a tour to the Sea of Marmora.
The British Government has established lines o
steamers between England and Canada, but it seem
that a large number of English and Irish who lan<
in Canada pass on to the Western States in preference
to settling in the provinces. „ From the returns made
by the emigration agent in Hamilton, C. W., ftf ap
pears that the total arrivals at that city since January '
are 21,982, while the number who have left for th
United States is 13,432, so that there are left remain
ing in Canada only 2,550, or about one-eighth of th
whole.
A a Microscope. —When a tea is mad
to appear as large as an elephant, and we can
derful parts of its formation, we are astonish^^^^H
has a*coat of armor much more complete than^^^^S
shrlbeg-joftited legs, foffrm. ..
- ’ -■'breast ready at any moment tS.,
BMMBJjpense force for that jump whicl^HHHß
when we wish to catch him : and at the en^HHHB
hooked claws, to enable him to cling tight^^^^^H
he lights upon . A flea can leap a hundred
length, which is the same as if a man
height of seven hundred feet: and he
200 times his own weight.
Loss of Hogs bt DiSEASe. —A writer iKBUER
ti paper, giving an idea of the number of
died this season by cholera, states the
lowing places, thus :—ln Ingraham's
Ist of August to the 24th of October,
distillery in Pittsburg since the 18th of OShHHHB
Mr- Platte, of Rising Sun, lost 500; mH&SBH
Covington, 500; Messrs. Gaff, of
New Richmond, since the disease made
10,435 have died. Making an
count have been received of 60,000
300,000 dollars, and when fattened woflßfiSHH
worth 650,000 dollars. wHBBBBBj
Mr. Moran, the new President of the
Erie Railroad, combining, to a great
of President and General Superintendent, is to rccefl|
salary of $25,000 per annum. X,: : -
The wheat crop of 1857, in nine western and
western States, is estimated at 73 million bushels —bHj
an increase of 55 per cent, over the crop of 1849 !
corn crop for the same States is put down at 443 H
lion bushels for this year. It is also estimated
West will be able to sell a hundred million doflj
worth more of grain this year than last. V.'J
In almost every chemical analysis of drinking beH
ages of alcoholic admixture, poisonous ingredients H
found, more or less injurious to the human system. H
The Patent Office has received three thousand im
cations and issued fifteen hundred patents withinH
last six months. The income of the office for the sfl
time has been over one hundred and sixteen thoosfl
dollars, and the expenses of the office, including Sjfl
improvements in the building, one hundred [and dH
thousand dollars. B
A boy in Cortland County, New York, was givefl
doqg of strychnine in mistake for morphine, and ■
soon after seised with violent titentic spasms and H
jaw. Chloroform was administered freely, by inhahUdfl
and application along the spine, and in ten minut«£9
patient became perfectly quiet under its influence. H
withdrawing it the spasms returned; but by keeping
him under the effects of the aneesthetio four hours anc
a half, the poison was absorbed and the boy recovered.
About two grains of strychnine were' given to the lad
—a very large quantity.
< Father/ said a cobbler’s lad pegging away at an old
shoe, ( they say the trout bite good now.’ ‘ Well, well,
replied the old gentleman, ‘ you stick to your work and
they won’t bite you ! ’ ,
‘ Mr. President, I rise to get up, and am not backward
to come forward in the cause of education, for had it not
been for education, I would be as ignorant as you are,
Mr. President.’
An Irishman was challenged to fight a .duel; but
declined on the plea that he did not wish to leave his old
mother an orphan.
* Paddy,’ a says joker ‘ why don’t you get your ears
cropped—they are entirely to long for a man ?’
‘And yours, ought to be lengthened—they are to
short for an ass.’
A judge charging a jury had occasion very frequently
to make use of the words mortgager and mortgagee. The
foreman of the jury asked the judge the meaning of the
srords, candidly confessing he did not understand their
import. His lordship facetiously explained them thus:
‘ I nod to you—you notice me;
I’m the nod-er, you the nod-xk.’
Professer Joseph Henry, the distinguished head of
the Smithsonian Institute, testifies that he knows but one
man among the scientific men of the United States that
is an infidel.
By a decision of the Post Office Department it ap
pears that the U. S. Government is not compelled to re
leem the post office stamps, and all who purchase them
nust employ them for their legitimate purpose* or dis
mse of them to others who will.
Twenty-five camels arrived in San Antonio Texas on
he 22d ult., for the use of Lieut. Beale’s party in open*
ng the new wagon read to the Pacific.
NUMBER T.

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