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(T'ljr dr migrant M %mm\, A.W.N4€ U O \ 4 I, . K(>ITO It AN I> 1* ROVRIF. TO R , IS ISSUED EVERY OTHER WEEK AT THE AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. —♦ RITES OF ADVEKTidI.VO : Eight lines, one time, - - - $1 **o “ “ three times, -00 •nr-sp* iiil contracts will l e made wi f h those O'siring to advertise l>v the year i ii i; (J oi\sTlT UTI 0 N i*F the: siAit: of ,'»ij\y«>ot4. Adopted iu 4 Friday, Aug. !«>, ’at. PL!KAM n L K : We, the peoph- of the State of Minnesota, grateful to (iot 1 for our <i\it aud religions liberty, and desiring to perpetuate its blessings, and secure the same to our selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this l ’oustitution : Article First—Hill of lit (jilts. Section 1. Government is instituted for the security, benefit am! protection of the people, iu whom all polit ical powt r is inherent, together with the right to alter, modify, or reform such government, whenever the pub lic good may require it. See. 2. No member of this State shall he disfran chised cr dt prived of any of flic rights or privileges secured to any citizen thereof, uuless by the law of the land, or tin; judgment of his peers. There shall be neither slavery uor involuntary servitude in the State otherwise than in the punishment of crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. See ii. '1 he liberty of the tress shall forever remain inviolate, and all persons may freely speak, write, aid puiTisVi a —««‘nt\u»Hiits on all subjects, being rcapousi ble for the abuse of such light. See -ii The right of trial by jury shall remain in violate, and shall extend to all eases at law without re gard to the amount in c*>ntroversy, but a jury trial may be waived by the p:u\ ha it) all cases, in tiio mauQcr pre scribed by law. Sec. 5. Excessive bail shall uot be required, nor shall excessive hues be imposed, nor shall cruel <*r unusual punishments be inflicted See. 6. Iu all criminal prosecutions the accused shah enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an im partial jury of the County or District wherein the crime idiaii hurt* been committed, which county or distiici shall have been prcviou.-ly aseirbii law a net to be informed of the nature ami cause of the accusation, to be coufronted with the witnesses against him, to have cotnpulsorv process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of couijsej in his defence Sec. 7 No person shall he held to answer for a crim inal offence unless on the presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except iu cases of impeachment or in cases cognizable by Justices of the Peace, or arising in the Army < r Navy, or in the militia when in actual ser vice in t ime of war < r public danger, and no person for the saute offence shall be put twice in jeopardy of pun ishment, nor shall be compelled, in any criminal ease to be witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, lib erty, or property, without due process of law. All per sons shall, before eouviction, be hi liable by sufficient sureties, except for capital offences, when the proof is evident or the presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless, w hen in cases of rebellion or invasion, tbe public safety may require. Sec. 8. Every person is entitled to a certain remedy in the laws for all injuries or wrongs which he may re ceive in his person, property, or character ; he ought to obtain justice freely, and without purchase ; completely, without denial ; promptly, and without delay, conform ably to the laws. Sec, 9. Treason against the. State shall consist only in levying war against, the same, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person shall he convicted of Treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on in open court. Sec. 10. The right of the people to be secure iu their persons, bouses, papers, and effects, against, unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated, and no war rant shall issue but upou probable cause, supported bv oath or affirmation, and particular}' describing the, place to be searched, aud the person or tilings to be seized. Sec. 11. No bill of attainder, <x post facto law, nor any law impairing the obligation of contracts shall ever be pasted, and no conviction shall work corruption of blood of forfeiture of estate. See. I*2. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in this State, but, this shall not prevent the Legislature from providing for imprisonment <>r holding to bail per sons charged with fraud in contracting said debt. A reasonable amount of property shall be exempt from seizure or sale, for the payment of any debt or liability ; the amount of such exemption shall be determined by law. fsee. 115. Private property shall not be taken for public use without just compensation therefor, tir.-A paid and secured. See 14. The military shall be subordinate to the civi power, and no standing army shall lx* kept up in thi* State in time of peace. Sec. 15. All lands within this State are declared t< be allodial, and feudal tenures of every description with all their inc.dents, are prohibited. Leases anc grants of agricultural land for a longer period that twenty-cue years, hereafter made, in which shall be re served any rent or service of any kind, shall be void. .Sec. 10 The enumeration of rights iu this Constitu tion shall not be construed to deny or impair other; retained by and inherent in the people. The right o every man to worship God according to the dictates o his own conscience shall never he infriged ; nor shal any man he compelled to attend, erect, or support an; place of worship, or to maintain any religious or eccle siastical ministry against his consent, nor shall an; control of, or interference with the rights of cousei nra be permitted, or any preference be given by law to an; religious establishment or mode of worship; but thi liberty of conscience hereby Secured, shall not be »< construed as to excuse, acts of licentiousness or just if; practice- u, . u-i>t.nt with tbe peace or safety of th< State, nor shall any money be drawn from tbe treasur; fur the benefit of any religious societies, or religious or theological seminaries. Sec. 17. No religious test ;>r amount ot property shall ever l>e rt quired as a qualification for any office ot public trust under ihe state ; uo religious test, or amount ot property slnll ever bo required as a qualification of any voter at any election in ibis state ; uor shall any person be rendered incompetent to give evidence iu any court of law or equity iu consequence of Ins opinion upon the -übjeet of religion Article .S 'rctnii/. - - On A anti' ami /tmindaries. See. 1. Tills State shall be Called and known by the name of flic State ot Minnesota, ami shall consist ot and have jurisdiction over the Territory embraced in the following Loundaru s to wit : Beginning at, the point in tin* center of the main channel of the Red liver of the North, where the boundary line between the United States rml tbe Bnlish possessions crosses the same; tin nee up the main channel of said river to that of the Bojs dcs Sioux river ; thence up tin* main channel of said river to Lake Trav.rse; thence up the center of said L ike to the southern extremity thereof ; thence in a direct line to the head of Big Stone Lake ; 'thence llirouoh its center to its outlet; thence by a due south line to iheiiortb line of the State of Iowa; thence east along the northern boundary '*f said State to the main channel of the Mississippi live r; thence up the main dial.n- lof said river, and following the boundary line of the State of Wisconsin, until the same intersects the* St. Louis river; thence down the said river to and through Lake Superior, on the boundary line ot Wis consin and Michigan, until it intersects tiic dividing line between the Unit d States and British Possessions; thence up Pigeon liver, following said dividing line, to the place of beginning See 2. The State of Minnesota shall have concur rent jurisdiction on the Mississippi and all other rivers and wafers bordering on the said State of Minnesota, so far as the same shall form a common boundary to said state and any other state or states now or hereafter to be formed by the same; and said river and wateis, and navigable waters loading into the same, shall be common highways, and forever Iroc, a.- well to the inhabitants of said state as to other citizen- of the United States, without any tax, duty, imp >st or toll therefor. Tin* on iMi.utiou. contained in the act of Con gress entitled “An Act to authmize ii.o people of the Tciriury <>f Miuim.-ota to form a Constitution an.l ;-tute governin' nt preparatory to tin ir admission into the Union mi an »qual looting with the original states,” are hereby accepted,! ratified, and confirmed, and shall re main irrevocable without the consent of the 1 nited States; and it is hereby ordained that this state shall never interfere with the primary disposal of the soil within the same, by the United States, or witli any reguHition Congress may find necessary for securing the title to said soil to bona file purchasers thereof; aud no tax shall be imposed on l ands belonging to the United States, and iu n-' ease shall non resident proprietors be taxed higher than residents .1/7. Thir<l-r— Distribution of the Powers of (lover ament. Sec. 1. The power of tin* government shall he divided into three distinct Departments —the Legislative, Exec utive, an 1 Judicial ; *md no person or parsons belonging to or constituting on • of these Departments, shall exer cise any of the powers properly belonging to either of the "ill-is, except in the instances expressly provided it} this . ‘.institution. Ait. Fourth —L i/is/iifire Department. Sec 1 The Legisl.itme of the State shall consist of a Senate and House of R pivs.-ntatires. who shall meet at the seat of governm'nt of the state, ar such times as shall he jr-escribed by law See. *2. The number of members who compose the Senate and House of Representatives shall be prescribed by law, but the representation in the Senate shall never exceed one member for every five tli uisind inhabitants, and in the House of Representatives one member for every two thousand inhabitants. The representation in both Houses shall be apportioned equally throughout the different sections of th : state, in proportion to the population thereof, exclusive of Indians not taxable un der the provisions of law See. 2. Each House shall be tbe judge of the election returns, and the eligibility "f its own members; ti ma jority of each shall constitute a quorum to transact bus ine-=s, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to dav, and compel the attendance <>f absent members iu such manner and under such penalties as it may provide. See. 4 Each House may determine the rules of its proceedings, sit upon its own adjournment, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with the concur rence of two-thirds expel a member, but. no member shall be expelled a second time for the same offence. Sec. 5 The House of Representatives shall elect, its presiding officer, and the Senate and House of Repre sentatives shall elect such other officers as may be pro vided by law; they shall keep Journals of their pro ceedings, aud from time to time publish the same, and the yeas and nays, when taken on any question, shall be entered on such Journals. Sec, 0. Neither House shall, during a session of the Legislature, adjourn lor more than three days, (Sunday excepted,) nor to any other place than that iu which the two Houses shall be assembled, without the consent of the other House. Sec. 7. The compensation of Senators and Represen . tatives shall be tlirce dollars per diem duriug the first session, but may afterwards he prescribed by law. But u > increase of compensation shall be prescribed which ■ shall take effect during the period for which the mem \ bers of the existing House of Representatives may have 1 been elected. See. 8. The members of each House shall in all cases, I except treason, felony and breach of the peace, be priv , ileged from arrest during the session of their respective | Houses, and in going to or returning from the same. For any speech or debate in either House they shall not he questioned in any other place. Sec, 0, No Senator or Representative shall, during the time for which he i« elected, hold any office uuder , the authority of the United States, or the State of Min nesota, except that of Postmaster; and no Senator or Representative shall bold an office uuder the State, which had been created, or the emoluments of which had been increased duriug the session of the Legislature of which he was a member, until one year after the expiration of his term of office in the Legislature. Sec. 10. All Bills for raising a revenue shall originate iu the House of Representatives but the Seu&te may propose and coucur with amendments, as on otheffiiilU. Sec. 11. Every Bill which shall have passed the Sen ate aud House of Representatives, in conformity to the rules of each House, aud the joint ruh»9 of the two . Houses, shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to (TTY OK NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1857. the Governor of the state. If h<* approve, he shall sign and deposit it in the office of tic* Secretary of State for preservation, and notify the House where it originated of the tact. But if u »t, he slnll return it wit.lt his ob jections to the House in which it shall have originated, when such objections shall be entered at large on the Journal of the same, and the llpuse shall proceed to reconsider the Bill. If, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if it be approved by two-thirds of that House, it shall become a law. But in all such eases the votes of both Houses shall be determined by yeas aud nays, aud the names of the persons voting for or against, the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not he returned by the Governor within three days (Sundays excepted) after it shall h ive been presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as it he had signed it, unless the Legislature, by adjournment within that time, prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. The Governor may approve, sign, and tile in the office of the Secretary of State, within three days after the adjournment of the Legislature, any act passed during the three last days ot the session, and the same shall become a law. See. I*2. No money shall be appropriated except by Bill. Every order, resolution or vote requiring thecon currence of the two Houses (except such as relate to the business-or adjournment of the same,) shall be presented to the Governor for his signature, and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being returned by him with his objections, shall be re-passed by two thirds of the members of tbe two houses, accord ing to the rules and limitations prescribed iu case of a Bill. .Sec*. 13. Tbe style of all laws of this state shall he : “ Be it. enacted by the Legislature of the State of Min nesota.” No law shall be passed unless voted for by a majority of all the members elected to each branch of the Legislature, and the vote entered upon the journal of each house. Sec. 14. The House of Representatives shall have the sole power <>f impeachment, through a concurrence of a majority of all the member.; elected to seats therein. All impeachments -hail be ;rie<l by the Senate; and when silting Ur that purpose the Senators shall be upon oath or affirmation to do justice according to law and uvijenee. No jh-r-on shrill be convicted .without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present. Sec. 15. The Legislature shall have full power to ex clude from the privilege of electing or being elected, any person convicted of bribery, perjury, or auy other infa mous crime. Sec. I ti. Two or more members of either bouse shall have liberty to dissent aud piotest against any act or resolution which they may think injurious to the public or to any individual, »u 1 have the reason of their dissent eutered on the journal. Sec. 17. The Governor shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies as may occur in either house of the Legislature. The Legi.-lature shall prescribe by law the manner iu which evidence in cases of contested seats in either house shall 1 e taken. Sec 18. Each house may punish by imprisonment, duriug its session, any ;> r.nm not a member, wbo shall be guilty of any disorderly or contemptuous behavior in their presence, bu( no such imprisonment shall at any time exceed tweuty-fom* hours. Sec. 19. Eacli house shall be open to the public dur ing the sessions thereof except in such cases as in their opinion may require secrecy Sec. 20. Every hill shall ho read on three different days in each separate house, unless in case of urgency, two-thirds of the house where such bill is pending, shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule, and no bill shall be passed by either House until it shall have been previously read twice at. length. Sec. 21. Every bill having passed both houses Bhall he carefully enrolled, and shall be signed by the presid ing officer of each house* Any presiding officer refus ing to sign a bill which sltali have previously passed both houses, shall hereafter be incapable of holding a seat in either branch of the Legislative Assembly, or hold any other offi.-e of honor or profit in the State; and in case of such refusal, each house shall, by rule provide the manner in which such bill shall be properly certified for presentation to the Governor. Sec. 22. No bill shall be passed by either house of the Legislature upon prescribed for the adjourn ment of the two houses. But this section shall not be s*) construed as to preclude tbe enrollment of a bill, or the signature and passage from one house to the other, or the reports thereon from committees, or its transmis sion to the Executive for his signature. See. 23. The Legislature shall provide by law for an enumeration of the inhabitants of this state in the year one thousand eight hundred and sixty-five, and every tenth year thereafter. At tlieir first session after each enumeration so made, and also at their first session after each enumeration made by the authority of the United States, the Legislature shall have the power to prescribe the bounds of Congresssional, Senatorial and Represent ative districts, and to apportion anew tbe Senators and Representatives among the several districts, according to the provisions of section second of this article. Sec. 24. The Senators shall also be chosen by single districts of convenient contiguous territory, at the same time that the members of the house of Representatives are required to be chosen, and in the same manner, and uo representative district shall be divided in the forma tion of a senate district. The senate districts shall be numbered in regular series, and the senators chosen by tbe districts designated by odd numbers, shall go out of office at the expiration of the first year, and tbe senators chosen by the districts designated by even numbers shall go out of office at the expiration of the second year; and thereafter the senators shall he chosen for the term of two years, except there shall be an entire new elec tion of all the senators at the election next succeeding eacli new apportionment provided for in this article. Sec. 25. Senators and Representatives shall be qnali fied‘voters of the state, and shall have resided one year in the state, and six months immediately preceding the election in the district from which they are elected. See. 2G. Members of tbe Senate of the United States from this state shall be elected by the two houses of the Legislature, in joint Convention, at such times and in such manner as may be provided by law. Sec. 27 No law shall embrace more than one sub ject, which shall be expressed iu its title Sec. 28. Divorces shall not be granted by the Leg islature. Sec. 29. All members and officers of hoth branches of the Legislature shall, J>efor* entering upou the duties of their respective trusts, take and subscribe an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, the Constitution of the State of Minnesota, and faithfully and impartially to discharge the duties devolv ing upon him as such member or officer. Sec. 30. Iu all elections to be made by the Legisla ture, t,ho members thereof shall vote viva voce, and their votes shall be entered on the Journal. Sec! - 31. The Legislature shall never authorize any lottery, or tbe sale of lottery tickets. Art. Fifth. —Executive Department. Sec. I. The Executive Department shall consist of a Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer, and Attorney General, who shall be chosen by the electors of the state. Sec. 2. The returns of every election, for the officers named in the foregoing section shall be made to the Secretary of State, aud by him transmitted to the Speak er of the House of Representatives, who shall cause the same to be opened and canvassed before both houses of the Legislature, and the result declared within three days after each house shall be organized. Sec. 3. The term of office for the Governor aud Lieutenant, Governor shall lie two years, and until tlieir successors are chosen and qualified. Each shall have at tained the age of twenty-five (25) years, and shall have been a bona fide resident of the state for one year next preceding his election. Both shall be citizens of the United States. Sec. 4 The Governor shall communicate by message to each session of the Legislature, such information touching the state and condition of the country as he may deem expedient. He shall be commander-in-chief of the military and naval forces, and may call out such forces to execute the laws, to suppress insurrection and to repel invasion. He may require the opinion, in writ ing, of the principal officers iu each of the Executive Departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of : heir respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons after conviction for offences against the state, except in cases of impeachment. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint a State Librarian and Notaries Public, and such other officers as may be provided by law ; he shall, have power to appoint Commissioners to take the aclyrowlgijgfuent of Deeds or other instruments in writ ing, to be used in the state. He shall have a negative upon all laws passed by the Legislature under such rules and limitations as are in this Constitution prescribed. He may on extraordinary occasions convene Jboth houses of the Legislature. He shall take care thatfcthe laws be faithfully executed, fill any vacancy that, may occur iD the office of Secretary of state, Treasurer, Auditor, At torney General, and such other State and District offices, as uiay be hereafter created by law, until the next an nual election, and until their successors arc chosen and qualified Sec. 5. The official term of the Secretary of state, Treasurer and Attorney General shall be two years. Tbe official term of the Auditor shall be three years, aud eacli shall continue in office until his successor shall have been elected and qualified. The Governor’s salary for the first term uuder this Constitution shall be two thou sand five hnndred dollars per annum. The salary of the Secretary of State for the first term shall be fifteen hun dred dollars per annum. The Auditor, Treasurer and Attorney General, shall each, for the first term, receive a salary of one thousand dollars per annum. And the further duties and salaries of said Executive officers, shall each thereafter be prescribed by law. Sec. 6. The Lieut. Governor shall be ex-officio Presi dent of the senate, and in case a vacancy should occur, from any cause whatever, in the office of Governor, he shall be Governor during such vacancy. The compen sation of Lieutenant Governor shall be double the com pensation of a.state senator. Before the close of each session of the senate they shall elect a President pro tempore. , who shall be Lieutenant Governor in case a vacancy should occur in that office. Sec. 7. The term of each of the Executive offices named in this article, shall commence upon taking the oath of office, after the state shall be admitted by Con gress into the Union, and continue until the first Mon day in January, 1860, ex ept tbe Auditor, who shall continue iu office until the first Monday in January, 1861, and until their successors shall have been duly elected and qualified. See. 8. Each officer created by this article shall, before entering upon his duties, take an oath or affirmation to support the Constitution of the United States, and of this state, and faithfully discharge the duties of his office to the best of his judgment and ability. See. 9. Laws shall be passed at the first session of the j Legislature after the state is admitted into the Union to 1 carry out the provisions of this Article. Article Sixth.—Judicial. See. I. The Judicial power of the state shall bo vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts, Courts of Probate, Justices of tbe Peace, and such other courts, inferior to the supreme court, as the Legialature may from time to time establish by a two-thirds vote. Sec. 2. The supreme court shall consist of one Chief Justice and two Associate Justices, but the number of Associate Justices may be increased to a number not exceeding four, by the Legislature, by a two-thirds vote, when it shall be deemed necessary. It shall have origi nal jurisdiction in such remedial cases as may be pre scribed by law, and appellate jurisdiction in all cases, both in law and equity, but there shall be no trial by ; jury in said Court. It shall hold one or more terms in each year, as the Legislature may direct, at the seat of government, and the Legislature may provide, by a two thirds vote, that one term in each year shall be held in each or any Judicial District. It shall be the duty of such Court to appoint a Reporter of its decisions. There shall be chosen by the qualified electors of the state, one cterk of the supreme court, who shall hold his office for the term of three years, and until his successor is duly elected and qualified, and the Judges of the supreme court, or a majority of them, shall have the power to fill any vacancy in the office of clerk of the supreme court uutil an election can be regularly had. .Sec. 3. The Judges of the supreme cout t shall be elected by the electors of the state at large, and their term of office shall be seven years and until their suc cessors are elected and qualified. Sec 4. The state shall be divided by the Legislature into six Judicial Districts, which shall be composed of contiguous territory, be bounded by county lines, and contain a population as nearly equal as may be practica ble. In each Judicial District, one Judge shall bo elected by the electors thereof, who shall constitute said Court, and whose term of office shall be seven years. Every District Judge shall, at the time of his election, be a resident of the District for which he shall bo elected; and shall reside therein during his continuance in office. S?c. 5. Tbe District Court* shall have original juris diction iu all civil cases, both in law and equity, where the amount in controversy ; n a jj cr j m _ inal canes where the punishment Cjtccpd three months imprisonment or a tine of tuon tlhun dred dollars, and shall have such appefiate jurSttUtfoin ias may be prescribed by law. The Legislature ■»» ! provide by law that the Judge of one District, may dls ; charge the duties of the Judge of any other District I not his own, when convenience or the public interest may require it. Sec. G. The Judges of the supreme and district-cgQtfp | shall be men learned in the law, and shall receive ! a compensation, at stated times, as may beprescribed by I the Legislature, which compensation shall not be dim | inisbed during their continuance in office, but they shall : receive no other fee or reward for their services, j See. 7. There shall be established in each organized | county in the state a Probate Court, which shall be a ; Court of Record, aud be held at such times and places ias may be prescribed by law. It shall be held by one i Judge, wiio shall Le elected by the voters of the county, ! for the term of two years. lie shall be a resident of ! such county at the time of his election, aud reside therein ' during his continuance in office, and his compensation j shall be provided by law. He may appoint his own | clerk, where none has been elected, but the Legislature ’ may authorize the election, by the electors of any county, iof one Clerk or Register of Probate for such county, > whose powers, duties, term of office and compensation i shall be prescribed by law. A Probate Court shall have , jurisdiction over the estates of deceased persons, and persons under guardianship, but no other jurisdiction except as prescribed by this Constitution, j Sec. 8. The Legislature shall provide for the election ! of a sufficient number of Justices of .the Peace in each ! county, whose term of office shall be two years, and j whose duties and compensation shall be prescribed by j law : Provided, That no Justice of the Peace shall have jurisdiction of any civil cause, where the amount in controversy shall exceed one hundred dollars, nor in a criminal cause, whore the punishment shall exceed three months imprisonment, or a fine of over one hundred dollars, nor in any cause involving the title to real estate. Sec. 9. All Judges other than those provided for in this Constitution, shall be elected by the electors of the Judicial District, county, or city, for which they shall be created, not for a longer term than seven years. Sec. 10. In case the office of any Judge shall become vacant before the expiration of the regular term for which he was elected, the vacancy shall he filled by ap pointment by the Governor, until a successor is elected and qualified. And such successor shall be elected at the first annual election that occurs more than thirty days after the vacancy shall have happened. Sec. 11. The Justices of the supreme court and the district court shall hold no office under the United States, nor any office under this state And all votes for either of them for any elective office under this Constitution, except a judicial office, given by the Legislature or the people, during their continuuuce iu office, shall be void. Sec. 12. The Legislature may, at any time, change the number of Judicial Districts, or their boundaries, when it shall be deemed expedient, but no such change shall vacate the office of any Judge, §ec. 19. There shall be elected in each county where a District Court shall be held, one clerk of said court, whose qualifications, duties, and compensation shall he prescribed by law, and whose term of office shall be four years. Sec. 14. Legal pleadings and proceedings in the Courts of this state shall be under the direction of the Legis lature. The style of all processes shall be * The State of Minnesota,’ and all indictments shall conclude * against the peace and dignity of the State of Minnesota.’ Sec. 15. The Legislature may provide for the election of one person in each organized county iu this State to be called a Court Commissioner, with Judicial power £nd Jurisdiction not exceeding the power and jurisdic tion of a judge of the District Court at Chambers, or the Legislature may, instead of such election, confer such power and jurisdiction upon Judges of Probate in the State. Article. Seventh.—Elective Franchise. Sec. 1. Every male person of the age of twenty-one years or upwards, belonging to either of the following classes, who shall have resided in the United States one year and in this state for four months next pieceding any election, shall be entitled to vote at such election, iu the election district of which he shall, at the time, have been for teu days a resident, for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be elective by the people: Ist. White citizens of the United States. 2nd. White persons of foreign birth, who shall have declared their intention to become citizens conformably to the laws of the United States upon the subject of naturalization. 3rd. Persons of mixed white and Indian blood, who ! have adopted the customs and habits of civilization. j 4th. Persons of Indian blood residing in this state, | who have adopted the language, customs and habits of j civilization, after an examination before any District j Court of the State, in such a manner as may be provided j by law, and shall have been pronounced by said Court j capable of enjoying the rights of citizenship within the j state. Sec. 2. No person not belonging to one of the classes specified in the preceding section, no person who has been convicted of treason or any felony, unless restored to civil rights, aud no person under guardianship, or who may be non compus mentus or insane, shall be en titled or permitted to vote at any election in this state. Sec. 3. For the purpose of voting, no person shall be deemed to have lost a residence by reason of his absence while employed in the service of the United States, nor while engaged upon the waters of this state or the United States; nor while a student of any seminary of learning, nor while kept at any almshouse or other asylum, nor while confined in any public prison. Sec. 4. No soldier, seaman, or marine in the army or navy of the United States, shall be deemed a resident of this state in consequence of beiug stationed within the same. Sec. 5. During the day on which any election shall be held, no person shall be atrested by virtue of any civil process. Sec. 6. All elections shall be by ballot, except fofr such town officers as may be directed by law to be oth erwise chosen. Sec 7. Every person who, by the provisions of this article, shall be entitled to vote at any election, shall be eligible to any office which now is, or hereafter shall be, elective by the people in the district wherein be shall have .resided thirty days previous to such election; ex cept as otherwise provided in this Constitution, or the Constitution find laws of the United Btates. Article Eighth. — School Funds, Education and Science. Sec. 1. The stability of a Republican form of gov- erument depending mainly upon the intelligence of the people, it shall be the duty of the Legislature to estab lish a general aud uniform system of public schools, j See. 2. The proceeds of such lands as are or hereafter I i*uay be granted by the United States for the use of within each township in this state, shall remain school fund to the state, and not more than ■ i \ lands may be sold in two (2) years, one-tbird (!) in five years, and one-third (§) in ten - ' 1 / a uds of the greatest valuation ranU be provided that no portion of said lands shall be sold oh^ ? wi se at Wic gale The pria . ,Cl pa] of all funds a(v_ froo) _|l „ othcr dieposiUon !°! <“ d ’- or ° hel W***. « to this ; state in each township, for purposes, shall forever be preserved inviolate . aQ( j ! the income arising from the lease lauds shall be distributed to the djflelß*^^. . ; throughout the state, in proportion to the ■-~A j scholars in each towDshiD between- tWagesof fivelflL j twenty-one years, and shall be fnithfallynppUaiUn tlin v j specific objects of the original grants or appmpmataodA.:-- Sec. 3. Tbe Legislature shall make soek> by taxation or otherwise, as, with tbe incam* arfriagd from the school fund, will secure a thorough anil *£■*■*> system of Public Schools in each township in the Start** ■ Sec. 4. The location of the University of Minnesota* ; as established by existing laws is hereby confirmed, ana' said institution is hereby declared to be the University of the State of Minnesota. All the rights, immunities, franchises and endowments heretofore granted or con ferred, are hereby perpetuated unto the said University, and all lands which may be granted hereafter by Con gress or other donations for said University purposes shall vest in the institution referred to in this section. Art. Ninth. — Finances of the State , and Banks and Banking. Sec. 1. All taxes to be raised in this State shall he as nearly equal as may be, and all property taxes are to be levied shall have a cash valuation, and be equalized and uniform throughout the state. ' Sec. 2. The Legislature shall provide for an Annual Tax sufficient, to defray the estimated expenses of the state for each year ; and whenever it shall happen that such ordinary expenses of the state for any year shall exceed the income of the state for such year, the Legis lature shall provide for levying a Tax for the ensuing year sufficient with other sources of income, to pay the deficiency of the preceding year, together with the esti mated expenses of such ensuing year. Sec. 3. Laws shall be passed taxing all moneys, credits, investments in bonds, stocks, joint stock com panies, or otherwise, and also all real and personal prop erty, according to its true value in money, but public burying grounds, public school houses, public hospitals, academies, colleges, universities, and all seminaries of learning, all churches, church property used for religious purposes and houses of worship, institutions of purely public charity, public property used exclusively for any public purpose, and personal property to an amount not exceeding in value two hundred dollars for each individ ual shall, by general laws, > be exempt from taxation. Sec. 4. Laws shall be passed far taxing the notes and bills discounted, or purchase moneys loaned, and all other property, effects or dues of every description, of all banks and of all bankers; so that all property employ ed in hanking shall always he subject to a taxation equal to that imposed on the property of individuals. Sec. 5. For the purpose of defraying extraordinary expenditures, the state may contract public debts, hut such debts shall never in the aggregate exceed two hun dred and fifty thousand dollars; every such debt shall be authorized by law, for some single object to be dis tinctly specified therein; and no such law shall take ef fect until it shall have been passed by the vote of two thirds of the members of each branch of the Legiala ture, to be recorded by yeas and nays on the Journalo of each House respectively; aud every such law shall levy a tax annually sufficient to pay the annual interest of such debt, and also a tax sufficient to pay the principal of such debt within ten years from the final passage of such law, and shall specially appropriate the proceeds of such taxes to the payment of such principal and inter est, and such appropriation and taxes shall not be repeal ed, postponed or diminished until the principal and in terest of such debt shall have been wholly paid. The state shall never contract any debts for works of internal improvement, or be a party in carrying on such works, except in cases where grants of land or other property shall have been made to the state especially dedicated by the grant to specific purposes; and in such cases the state shall devote thereto the avails of such grants, and may pledge or appropriate the revenues derived from such works in aid of their completion. Sec. 6. All debts authorized by the preceding section ( shall be contracted by loan on state bonds of amount* not less than five hundred dollars each, on interest pay able within ten years after the final passage of the law authorizing such debts; and such bonds shall not be sold by the state under par. A correct registry of all such bonds shall be kept by tbe Treasurer, in numerioal or der, so as always to exhibit the number and amount un paid, and to whom severally made payable. Sec. 7. The state shall never contract any public debt, unless in time of war, to repel invasion or suppress insurrection, except in the cases and in the manner pro vided in the fifth and sixth sections of this Article. Sec. 8. The money arising from any loan made or debt or liability contracted, shall be applied to the ob ject specified in the act authorizing such debts or liabili ties, or to the repayment of snch debt or liability, and to no other purpose whatever. Sec. 9. No money shall ever he paid oat of the Trea sury of this state, except in pursuance of an appropria tion by law. Sec. 10. The credit of the state shall never be given or loaned in aid of any individual, association or corpora tion. Sec. 11. There shall he published by the Treasurer, in at least one newspaper printed at the seat of govern ment, during the first week .in January of each year, and iu the next volume of the Acts of the Legislature, detailed statements of all moneys drawn from the Trea sury during the proceeding year; for what purposes, and to whom paid, and by what law authorised; and also of all moneys received, and by what authority, and from whom. Sec. 12. Suitable laws shall.be passed by the Legter "* lature for the safe keeping, transfer, mid disbursement of the state and school funds, and all officers and efher persona charged with the same shall be required to eve ample security for all money* and funds of any kind, to keep an accurate entry of each sum received, and of eatih pay moot and transfer, cud if any of said officers 0T other* . * , . u it-- .. *• -.t A... t v Aw ’’J •$§ NUMBER 8.