OCR Interpretation


The Emigrant aid journal of Minnesota. [volume] (Nininger City, Minn. Terr. [i.e. Minn.]) 1856-1858, September 12, 1857, Image 5

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deposit© in banks, or exchange for other fund, any por
tion of the foods of the state, every such act shall be
adjudged to be an embezzlement of so much of the state
funds as shall be thus taken, and shall be declared a
felony ; and any failure to pay over or produce the state
or school funds iutrusted to such persons, on demand,
shall be held and taken to be prima facie evidence of
such embezzlement.
Sec. 13. The Legislature may, by a two-thirds vote,
pass a General Banking law, with the following restric
tions and requirements, viz :
First, The Legislature shall have no power to pass
any law sanctioning in auy manner directly or indirect
ly, the suspension of specie payments by any person, as
sociation or corporation issuing bank notes of any de
scription.
Second, The Legislature shall provide by law for the
registry of all bills or notes issued or put into circula
tion as money, aud shall require ample security in Uni
ted State stock or state stocks for the redemption of the
same in specie, and in case of a depreciation of said
stocks or any part thereof to the amount of ten per cent,
or more on the dollar, the bank or banks owning said
stocks shall be required to make up said deficiency by
additional stocks.
Third, The stockholders in any corportiou or joint
association for banking purposes issuing bank notes, shall
be individually liable iu an amount equal to double the
amount of stock owned by them for all the debts of such
corporation or association, and such individual liability
shall continue for one year after any transfer or sale of
stock by any stockholder or stockholders.
Fourth, In case of the insolvency of any bauk or
banking association, the bill holders thereof shall be en
titled to preference in payment over all other creditors
of such bank or association.
Fifth, Any General Banking Law which may be pass
ed in accordance with this article shall provide for re
cording the names of all stockholders iu such corpora
tions, the amount of stock held by each, the time of
transfer and by whom transferred.
Article Tenth.—Of Corporations haring no Banking
Sec. 1. The term ‘Corporations, as used in this ar
ticle shall be construed to include all associations and
joint stock companies having any ot the powers and privi
leges not possessed by individuals or partnership, except
such as embrace banking privileges, and all corporations
shall have the right to sue, and shall be liable to be sued
in all courts in like manner as natural persons.
Sec. 2. No corporation shall be formed under special
acts, except for municipal purposes.
Sec. 3 Each stockholder in any corporation shjd\ 0
liable to the amount of the stock held or owne- 1 °7 l ™’
Sec. 4. Lands may be taken for public * a . v > lo . r ®
purpose of granting to any corporation the tranc use o
way* for public use° In all caLs, however, a fiur and
equitable compensation shall be paid for 1 1x4 >
the damage, arising from the taking -?•>* »■>?. »'
corporations being®his scctfon
IQ . P ur?ua * 1 the mineral, agricultural and
* a ° t oul . K manufactures on equal and reason
other production * 1
able terms.
. i. Eleventh. — Counties and Townships
.jec. 1. The Legislature may, from time to time, es
tablish and organize new counties, but no new county
shall contain less than four hundred square miles ; nor
shall any county be reduee'd below that amount; aud all
laws changing county lines in counties already organized,
or for removing county seats shall, before taking effect,
be submitted to the electors of the County or Counties
to he affected thereby, at the next general election after
the passage thereof, and be adopted by a majority of such
electors. Counties now established may be enlarged,
but not reduceded below four hundred (400) square
miles.
Sec. The Legislature may organize any city into a
separate county when it has attained a population of
twenty thousand inhabitants, without reference to geo
graphical extent, when a majority of the electors of the
county in which such city may be situated, voting there
in, shall be in favor of separate organization.
Sec. 3. Laws may be passed providing for the organ
ization, for municipal and other town purposes, of any
Congressional or fractional townships iu the several coun
ties iu the State, provided that when a township is divid
ed by county lines, or does not contain one hundred in
habitants, it may he attached to one or more adjoining
townships or parts of towuships for the purpose afore
said.
See. 4. Provision* shall be made by law for the elec
tion of such County or Township officers as may be
ueeessarv-
Sec. o. Any County and Township organization shall
have such powers of local taxation as may be prescribed
by law.
See. 6 No money shall be drawn from any County or
Township treasury except by authority of law.
Art. Twelfth. — Of the Militia.
Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the Legislative Assem
bly to pass such laws for the organization, diseipline and
service of the Militia of the State, as may be deemed
necessary.
Article Thirteenth.—lmpeachment anrl remount from
Office.
Sec. 1. The Governor, Secretary of State, 'l' easurer,
Auditor, Attorney General, and the Judges ot the Su
preme and District Courts, may he impeached for cor
rupt conduct in office, or for crimes ami misdemeanors ;
hut judgment in such cases shall not extend further than
to removal from office, and disqualification to hold or en
joy any office of honor, trust or profit, in this State.
The party convicted thereof shall nevertheless be liable
and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punish
ment, according to law.
Sec. 2. The Legislature of this State may provide for
the removal of inferior officers from office, for malfeas
ance or nonfeasance in the performance of their duties.
Sec. 3. No officer shall exercise the duties of his office
after he shall have been impeached and Indore his ac
quittal.
Sec. 4. On the trial of an impeachment against the
Governor, the Lieutenant Governor shall not act as a
member of the Court
Sec. 5. No person shall lie tried on impeachment be
fore he shall have been served* with a copy thereof at
least twenty days previous to the day set for trial.
Art. Fourteenth. —Amendments to the Constitution
Sec. 1. Whenever a majority of both Houses of the
Legislature shall deem it necessary to alter or amend
this Constitution, they may propose such alterations or
amendments, which proposed amendments shall be pub
lished with the laws which have been passed at the same
session, and said amendments shall be submitted to the
people for their approval or rejection ; and if it shall
appear in a manner to be provided by law, that a major
ity of the voters present and voting shall have ratified
such alterations and amendments, the same shall be
valid to ail intents and purposes, ;.s a part of this Con
stitution. If two or more alterations or amendments
shall be submitted at the same time, it shall be so regu
lated that the voters shall vote top or against each sepa
rately.
gee. 2. Whenever two-thirds of the members elected
to each branch of the Legislature shall think it neces
sary to call a Convention to revise this Constitution,
they shall recommend to the electors to vote, at the next
election for members of the Legislature, for or against a
Convention; and if a majority of all the electors voting
at said election, shall have voted for a Convention, the
Legislature shall, at their next session, provide by law
for calling the same. The Convention shall consist of
as many members as the House of Representatives, who
shall be chosen in the same manner, and shall meet with
in three months after their election for the purpose afore
said.
Art. Fifteenth. —Miscellaneous Subjects .
Sec. 1. The seat of Government, of the State shall
be at the City of St. Paul, but the Legislature at their
first, or any future session, may provide by law, for a
change of the seat of Government by a vote of the peo
ple, or may locate the same upon the land granted by
Congress lor a seat of Government to the State; and in
the event of the seat of Government being removed
from the city of St. Paul to any other place in the State,
♦he Capitol building and grounds shall be dedicated to
an institution for the promotion of science, literature and
the arts, to be organized by the Legislature of the State,
and of which institution the Minnesota Historical Socie
ty shall always be a department.
Sec. 2. Persons residing on Indian lands within the
State, shall enjoy all the rights and privileges of citizens
as though they lived in any portion of the State, and
shall be subject to taxation.
Sec. 3. The Legislature shall provide for a uniform
oath or affirmation to be administered at, elections, and
no person shall be compelled to take any other or differ
ent form of oath to pptjtje him to vote.
Sec. 4. There shall be a seal pf the State, which shall
be kept by the Secretary of State, and be used by him
officially, and shall be called the Great Seal of the State
pf Minnesota, and ?hall be attached to all official acts ot
Privileges
the Governor, (hit signature to acts and resolves of the
Legislature excepted) requiring authentication. The
Legislature shall provide for an appropriate device aud
motto for said seal.
Sec. 5. The Territorial prison as located under exist
ing laws, shall, after the adoption of the Constitution,
be and remain one of the State Prisons ot the State ot
Minnesota
Art. Suteenth. — Schedule.
Sec. 1 That no inconvenience may arise by reason of
a change from a Territorial to a permanent State Gov
ernment. it is declared that all rights, actions, prosecu
tions, judgments, claims and contracts, as well of in
dividuals as of bodies corporate, shall continue as if no
change had taken place; aud all process whioh may be
issued under the authority of the Territory of Minne
sota previous to its admission into the Union of the Uni
ted States, shall be as valid as if issued in the name of
the State.
Sec. 2. All laws now in force in the Territory of Min
nesota not repugnant to this Constitution, shall remain
be in force until they expire by their own limitation, or
be altered or repealed by the Legislature.
Sec. 3. All tines, penalties or forfeitures accruing to
the Territory of Minnesota, shall inure to the State.
Sec. 4. All recognizances heretofore taken or which
may be taken before the change from Territorial to per
manent State Government shall remain valid, and shall
pass to and may be prosecuted in the name of the State;
aud all bonds executed to the Governor of the Territory,
or to any other officer or Court in his or their official
capacity, shall pass to the Governor or State authority
and their successors in office, for the uses therein re
spectively expressed, and may be sued for and recovered
accordingly, and all the estate of property, real, person
al or mixed, and all judgments, bonds, specialities,
choses in action, and claims and debts of whatsoever de
scription ot" the Torvitorj of Minnesota, shall inure to
and vest in the State of Minnesota, and may be sued for
and recovered in the same mauner aud to the same ex
tent bv the State of Minnesota as the same could have
been by the Territory of Minnesota. All criminal prose
cutions aud penal actions which may have arisen or which
may arise before the change from a territorial to a state
government, and which shall then be pending, shall be
prosecuted to judgment and execution in the name of the
state All offences committed -gainst the laws of the
Territory of Minnesota the change from a terri
torial to a state government, and which shall not be
prosecuted ttflC>re such change, may be prosecuted in the
yam- -ud the authority of the State of Minnesota
.fitn like effect as though such change had not taken
place, aud all penalties incurred shall remaiu the same
as if this constitution had not been adopted. All ac
tions at law and suits in equity which may be pending
in auy of the Courts of Minnesota, at the time of the
change from a territorial to a State Government, may be
continued and transferred to any Court of the State
which shall have jurisdiction of the subject matter
thereof.
Sec. 5. All territorial officers, civil and military, now
holding their offices under the authority of the United
States, or of the Territory of Minnesota, shall continue
to hold and exercise their respective offices until they
shall be superseded by the authority of the State.
Sec. 0. The first session of the Legislature of the
State of Minnesota shall commence ou the first Monday
of December next, and shall be held at the Capitol in
the city of St. Paul.
Sec. 7. The laws regulating the election aud qualifica
tion of all district, county and precinct officers, shall con
tinue aud be in force, until the Legislature shall other
wise provide by law.
Sec. 8. The President of the Convention shall im
mediately after the adjournment thereof cause this con
stitution to be deposited iu the office of the Governor of
the Territory; and if after a submission of the same to
a vote of the people, as hereinafter provided, it shall ap
pear that it has beeu adopted by a vote of the people of
the State, then the Governor shall forward a certified
copy of the same together with an abstract of the votes
polled for and against the said constitution to the Presi
dent of the United States, to be by him laid before the
Congress of the United States.
Sec. 9. For the purposes of the first election the state
shall constitute oue district, and shall elect three mem
bers to the House of Representatives of the United
States.
Sec. 10. For the purpose of the first election for mem
bers of the State Senate and the House of Representa
tives, the State shall be divided into senatorial and rep
resentative Districts as follows, viz : Ist District, Wash
ington county; 2nd District, Ramsey county; 3d Dis
trict, Dakota county ; 4th District, so much of Hennepin
county as lies west of the Mississippi; sth District,
Rice county ; 6th District, Goodhue county ; 7th Dis
trict, Scott county; Bth District, Olmstead county ; 9th
District, Fillmore county ; 10th District, Houston coun
ty ; 11th District, Winona county ; 12th District, Waba
shaw county ; 13th District, Mower and Dodge counties;
14th District, Freeborn and Faribault counties; 15th
District, Steele and Waseca counties; 16th District,
Blue Earth and Le Sueur counties; 17th District, Nicol
let and Brown counties; 18th District, Sibley, Renville
and McLeod counties; 19th District, Carver and Wright
counties; 20th District, Benton, Stearns and Meeker
counties; 21st District, Morrison, Crow Wing and Mille
Lac counties; 22nd District, Cass, Pembina and Todd
couuties; 23d District, so much of Hennepin county as
lies east of the Mississippi; 24th District, Sherburne,
Anoka and Manomin counties ; 25th District, Chisago,
Pine and Isanti counties; 26th District, Buchanan, Carl
ton, St. Louis, Lake and Itaska counties.
Sec. 11. The counties of Brown, Stearns, Todd, Cass,
Pembina and Renville, as applied in the proceeding sec
tion, shall not be deemed to include any territory west
of the State line, but shall be deemed to include all coun
ties and part 9 of counties east of said line as were crea
ted out of the territory of either, at the last session of
the Legislature.
Sec. 12. The senators aud representatives at the first
election shall be apportioned among the several Sena
torial and Representative Districts as follows, to wit: —
Ist District, 2 Senators, 3 Representatives; 2d District,
3 sen., 6 rep.; 3d District, 2 sen., 5 rep.; 4th District,
2 sen., 4 rep.; sth District, 2 sen , 3 rep.; 6th District,
1 sen., 4 rep.; 7th District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; Bth District,
2 sen., 4 rep.; 9th District, 2 sen., G rep.; 10th Dis
trict, 2 sen., 3 rep.; lltb District, 2 sen., 4 rep.; 12th
District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; 13th District, 2 sen., 3 rep.;
14th District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; 15th District, 1 sen., 4
rep.; 16th District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; 17th District, 1 sen.,
3 rep ; 18th District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; 19th District, 1
sen., 3 rep.; 20th District, 1 sen., 3 rep.; 21st District,
l son., 1 rep.; 22d District, 1 sen, 1 rep.; 23d Dis
trict, I sen , 2 rep.; 24th District, 1 sen., I rep.; 25th
District, 1 sen., 1 rep.; 26th District, 1 sen., 1 rep.
Total 37 Senators ; 80 Representatives.
Sec. 13. The returns from the 22nd District shall be
made to and canvassed by the judges of election at the
precinct of Otter Tail City.
See. 14. Until the Legislature shall otherwise pro
vide, the State shall be divided into judical Districts as
follows, viz :
The couuties of Washington, Chisago, Manomin,
Anoka, Isanta, Pine, Buehauan, Carlton, St. Louis and
Lake, shall constitute the First Judical District.
The county of Ramsey shall constitute the Second
Judicial District.
The counties of Houston, Winona, Fillmore, Oliu
stead and Wabashaw, shall constitute the Third Judi
cial District.
The counties of Heunepin, Carver, Wright, Meeker,
Sherburne, Benton, Sternes, Morrison, Crow Wing,
Mille Lac, Itaska, Pembina, Todd and Cass, shall con
stitute thd Fourth Judicial District.
The counties of Dakota, Goodhue, Scott, Rice, Steele,
Waseca, Dodge, Mower and Freeborn shall constitute
the Fifth Judicial District.
The counties of Le Sueur, Sibley, Nicollet, Blue
Earth, Faribault, McLeod, Renville, Brown, and all
other couuties in the State not included within the
other districts shall constitute the Sixth Judicial Dis
trict.
Sec 15. Each of the foregoing enumerated Judicial
Districts, may at the first election, elect one Prosecuting
Attorney for the District.
Sec. 16. Upon the second Tuesday the 13th day
of October, 1857, an election shall be held for members
of the House of Representatives of the United States,
Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Supreme and District
Judges, members of the Legislature, aud all other officers
designated iu this constitution, and also for the submis
sion of this constitution to the people for their adoption
or rejection.
Sec. 17. Upon the day so designated aforesaid, every
free white male inhabitant over the age of twenty-one
years, who shall have resided within the limits of the
state for ten days previous to the day of said election,
may vote for all officers to be elected under this con
stitution at such election, and also for or against the
adoption of this constitution.
See. 18. In voting for or against the adoption of this
constituting, the words ‘ for constitution,’ or ‘ against
constitution,’ may bp writfeu or printed on the ticket of
each voter, but no voter shall vote for or against this
constitution on a separate ballot from that oast bj him
for offieers to be elected at said election under this con
stitution ; and if upon the canvass of the votes so polled,
it shall appear that there was a greater number of votes
polled for than against said constitution, then this con
stitution shall bo deemed to be adopted as the constitu
tion of the State of Minnesota; and all the provisions
and obligations of this constitution, and of the schedule
hereunto attached, shall thereafter be valid to all intents
and purposes as the constitution of said state.
Sec. 19. At said election the polls shall be opened,
the election held, returns made and certificates issued iu
all respects as provided by law for opening, closing and
conducting elections and making returns of the same,
except hereinbefore specified, and excepting, also, that
polls may be opened and elections held at any point or
points, in any of the counties where precincts may be es
tablished as provided by law, ten days previous to the day
of election, not less than ten miles from the place of vot
ing in any established precinct.
Sec. 20. It shall be the duty of the judges and clerks
of election, in addition to the returns required by law
from each precinct, to forward to the Secretary of the
Territory by mail immediately after the close of the
election, a certified coppy of the poll book, containing
the name of each person who has voted in the precinct,
and the number of votes polled for each person for any
office, and the votes polled for and against the adoption of
this constitution.
Sec. 21. The returns of said election for and against
this Constitution, and for all state officers and members
of the House of Representatives of the United States,
shall be made and certificates issued in the manner
now prescribed by law for returning votes given for
Delegate to Congress, and the returns for all District of
ficers, judicial, legislative or otherwise, shall be made to
the Register of Deeds of the senior county in each dia
♦ scs (uttnuoe jswaooni twwl by law. otoojO u otherwise
provided. The returns for all officers elected at large
shall be canvassed by the Govenor of the Territory as
sisted by Joseph li. Brown and Thomas J. Galbraith at
the time designated by law for canvassing the vote for
Delegate to Congress.
Sec. 22. If upon canvassing the votes for and against
the adoption of this Constitution it shall appear that
there has been polled a greater number of votes against
than for it, then no certificates of election shall be is
sued for any state or district officer provided for in this
Constitution, and no state organization shall have validity
within the limits of the Terratory until otherwise pro
vided for, and until a constitution for a State Goverment
shall have been adopted by the people.
(Signed by H. H. Sibley, President of the DenUHra
tic Convention, and S. A. D. Balcombe, President of
the Republican Convention, and all the Members of both
bodies.)
Cijf (Emigrant lift
CITY OF MMVGF.R, Dakota Co., M. T.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1857.
The Mate Constitution.
We resigu a large portion of our paper, this week, to
the State Constitution. We trust it will be regarded by
our readers with that interest which such a document
deserves. It was adopted by both branches of the di
vided Constitutional Convention ; signed by the Presi
dent and Members of each body ; and is now submitted
to the people for their ratification. After thus agreeing
to adopt the same Constitution the two Conventions ad
journed on Saturday the 3rd. inst.
Take it altogether, the Constitution is a very fair doc
ument, and there is not likely to be any oppositition
shown to it when the election comes off, which
takes place on the second Tuesday of October, notwith
standing many of its provisions will not be relished. At
that election it must be adopted in connection with the
choosing of the various State officers therein provided
for, or the whole work will have to be done over again.
The time is now close at hand, and parties will be ac
tively employed in the meantime, in marshalling their
forces for the contest in the choice of candidates; the
farmers, whose heavy harvest labors will then be over,
will have ample time to aid in putting good men iuto
office, if they do not wish to become the mere instill
ments of party, and take such as their sides choose to
nominate. The farming interest has most at stake in
the legislation of the country, but have the least in
fluence therein, so willingly do they yield themselves to
be managed by the political wire pullers in the towns.
Now is the time to show an independent spirit,—not by
abstaining from voting, but giving a hearty support to
candidates who are reliable for honesty and ability.
After its adoption, the provisions of the Constitution
will be subjected to proper examination, and duly amend
ed where not in accordance with the sense of the people.
Until that time, attention should be mainly directed to
secure good servauts to execute its duties.
We do not see that any provision has been made for
the purpose of having the Constitution published and
distributed over the Territory, by the local papers; they
arc too small for such a lengthy document, and should
have been recompensed for issuing it in an extra form.
It should be read and pondered well, now, while fresh
with interest, that the people may settle it in their minds
what they wish altered or amended. They would be
better able, also, to keep up with the legislation of the
State as it goes on hereafter, by so doing.
Tbe Sugar Crop.
There is likely to be- a great supply of sugar this
year, aed prices must go down. The amount from the
southern market will be double that of last year; the
yield from the mapie last spring was in great excess over
any previous period. Besides these two sources, a large
amount is looked for from the Chinese Sugar Cane,
which has been cultivated to some extent in every por
tion of the Union; and probably Canada, if not still
further north. Sugar is one of the necessaries of life,
and its production from various materials has long en
gaged the attention of the world. During the time of
the wars of Napoleon with England, the French com
menced manufacturing it from the beet, and have so
far succeeded that the bulk of their supply now comes
from that source. The cane has been the main reliance
of the world for this product, but this requires a warm
or tropical region to bring it to perfection. Therefore
the supply has mainly come from the West Indies and
our Southern States. But a species of the sugar cane
being introduced into France that appeared to thrive
well in a mild climate, it was also introduced into this
country, by a government official, and its fame at
once rose so as almost to produce a mania. The U. S.
Patent Office procured a large supply of seed, and dis
tributed it to all applicants, besides which it was raised
and sold to a very large extent, on speculation, by va
rious parties in the Eastern States. Little regard was
paid to the circumstances connected with its proper cul
ture, or even to the quality of the seed, it was enough
it was the genuine sorghum , from which they
might get unlimited supplies of sugar. The disappoint
ment that will result from the sanguine hopes thus raised
will be considerable. In the first place, though the cane
grows well in the north, its saccharine matter is very in
ferior to what is raised south; the cane is nearly as much
dependant on a warm clime for its sugar properties as the
regular cane itself. But even if raised to perfection any
where, there is no apparatus invented by which its
sugar can be home-made as cheaply as foreign sugars
can be purchased. -Yet with all the advantages claimed
for it, it could not pessibly be employed as a sure and
economical sugar producing crop under five or six years.
We do not advocate its abandonment entirely ; only
that experiments should not be carried on too extensively
at once. If disappointment eusnes—-every cultivator
loses, when the example of one would suffice. Another
reason of our objection to its culture in Minnesota is,
that it causes the claims of a better aud safer sugar
bearing article to be overlooked and almost entirely
negleoted.
The sugar-maple should bo the source of our main
home reliance. This tree is indigenous, is easily cultiva
ted, grows fast, and is ornamental, and almost a neces
sity on the bleak prairies. A grove of sugar maple re
quires no oare, and the sugar from it is made at a season
when no other labor can be performed, and the machin
ery for its manufacture is of the cheapest and simplest
kind. The treo when useless for this purpose, is equally
valuable for fuel. Vermont can more than supply her
own needs of sugar from the maple, saving the large
expenditure otherwise required; and Minnesota is equal
ly capable of doing the same, with more advantage to
herself.
Mr. S. A. Henderson, of Union Lake, from a small
grove on his farm, made sugar and molasses enough
last spring to supply his family for the year. Here and
there in the Territory, a few equally thoughtful and
prudent farmers are now husbanding, or preparing so to
do, their part of the heavy tax upon the resources of
the country, for the sugar imported, by the cultivation
of the maple on their farms.
But this matter should be more generally attended to;
a grove set out this fall or next* spring, will yield more
sugar, at less expense, than the same ground covered
with cane, in five years hence, notwithstanding any im
provement in machinery for its manufacture that may
be devised.
Progress and Prospects.
We occasional lv hear the remark from one who was
on the ground of this town last year, “ that the change
since seems miraculous. Then there were only the house
of the pre-emptor, and a small office where the business
of the town was laid out.” This spring, dull and dreary
as it seemed to open, beheld nearly one hundred fin
ished buildings, most of them the ordinary kind that
marks the early start of all new towns. Since that time,
the number has fully doubled, but of a class whose cost
must exceed, ten-fold, the former.
At this present time, the buildings going up comprise
a number and value greater than any previous period
In summing up the improvements made iu our town
during the past summer, we feel gratified at the result.
At a time when so much distrust was created at the
East, by the incessant forebodings of disaster that was
to befall the West, —and laboring under the peculiar
difficulties attending the formation of a new place, with
watchful and jealous eyes to magnify every obstacle
that appeared to stand in the way,—our extraordinary
progress may demand comparison, and demand it in
vain.
The want of a proper levee, was first suggested —but
that was soon accomplished ; the ascent therefrom was
then objected to ; when down went the bluff. Store,
houses appeared to meet the progressive demand. Then
a hotel that is unsurpassed by any on the west side of
the river was erected. All these works required much
care and large expenditures of money from the enter
prising proprietors,—half of whose labors and expenses
in many other ways have never been made known. But
mills, manufactories, stores, and other operations of bus
iness life, together with a large and increasing popula
tion, having now accumulated in the town, it seemed
proper that the citizens should assume the further care
of the place into their own hands, —with what success
the above statement of progress answers. It only re
mains now for them to be clothed with corporate powers
to carry on and perfect the improvements whose need ar«
being daily manifested ; this will soon be attained when
our State Legislature meets.
We have fully set forth the beauty of the town loca
tion, its healthfulness, the abundauce of wood iu its
vicinity, which, with water, comprise the main advanta
ges of all western settlements, the latter especially. We
have the Mississippi flowing past the town, whose water
is relished by most persons, especially when eool;
around the river bank, and along one side of the town,
there are an abundance of fine springs, and back two miles
there is a beautiful sheet of cool spring water, large'
enough to supply a city the size of London, which can
be brought into the town at a comparatively small cost.
And on the prairie scarce half a mile back, water may
be found to supply a large town by digging but a few
feet; and by placing pipes on the slight descent, it
would flow down to any point desired.
These are the natural sources. Being situated on a
rise of ground—one of the beauties of the place—wells
are not ao readily made as though located on a marsh.
But even in this respect there need be no further com
plaint. Wells have been sunk, from which an abun
dance of excellent cold water is now procured. J. R.
Case, Esq., ever active to promote works of utility, first
demonstrated the feasibility of having water on every
premise, and others have followed his suggestion, and
verified it. We cannot now call to mind any further
matter of cavil, except from that class who persist in
asserting that a new place,—a city of one year old,
where the Indian roamed on his own domain but a few
years ago,—should be possessed of all the advantages of
the four quarters of the globe combined, with the par
ticular luxuries of their seaport cities added without an in
cidental circumstance on which a drawback can be pre
dicated, —to warrant the gratulations we have bestowed
on its prosperity.
People are not invited out West to acquire fortune
and fame by luxurious indolence. Here a new country
is to be subdued, to do which requires severe toil, and
privation, with much self-denial. Seasons of discour
agement reach even the Western settler,-—but there is
a certainty of final success to crown the honest and per
severing efforts of the industrious emigrant.
Whatever different from this awakens the fancy of
the eastern emigrant, his own folly is accountable for.
The advantages urged upon his attention are those
that point to future success ; the comforts of life must
to some extent be dispensed with for a season, in the
wilds of the west; but these multiply so fast in most lo
calities, that all the desires of the heart will be in the
reach of the present settlers in a short space of time.
We love to note every step that leads to this ; we may
throw into our statements much of the exuberance of
feeling caused by the hope of participation, but it is
done with the sincere desire that it may rejoice and
animate others also.
As a chronicler of passing events, we should fail in
our duty were we not to make known what is trans
piring in our midst; having done this, each one may
draw his own inferences or plan his own theory, of what
the futnre has in store.
We know that the particular accounts such as we
publish of our place, do more to impress the reader at
the East, in regard to the material prosperity, not only
of the town, but the whole country, than any amount of
general statement. They well know that if one part is
healthy and prosperous, the whole must be so likewise.
We have a large number of readers there, and from them
we have constant assurance of pleasure and profit derived
from such particular information as wc give of»the
growth of our own and other towns. We therefore be
lieve it best to adhere to this legitimate duty of the
newspaper.
The Lealat'llle Town Company.
The first public meeting of this Company which was
to have been held at Nininger on the 29th ult., was un
avoidably postponed in consequence of the non-comple
tion of the requisite survey and maps of the town. A
large number of persons were present who expressed dis
pointment at the delay. We learn that application has
already been made to the Managers for several hundred
lots. The enterprise promises to be one of the most
popular as it is undoubtedly one of the most attractive
speculations of the day. We hope preliminary arrange
ments for the sale of lots may be speedily made, and in
the meantime advise our readers to make themselves
thoroughly acquainted with the particulars of the pro
ject as detailed in.another column.
The New York Evening Putt, owned and edited by
the distinguished poet, Wm. C. Bryant, and designed
for the instruction of the commercial and moneyed classes
of the East, has been creating a prejudice against the
West during the past year, by bitterly assailing every
thing connected with its prosperity. Mr. Bryant is in
Europe, but the party who conducts it io his stead, has
the advantage of his reputation in having his articles
extensively copied, and in producing the intended pre
judice among those who confide in the character of the
paper for guidance. He has contented himself, until
recently, in joining with kindred spirits, in getting up
the great “ panic ” and “ crash/' that was to prostrate
the entire West. His prophecies failing, instead of
yielding with good grace, like his cotemporaries, and
acknowledging his error, and seeking to repair what
ever mischief he may have done, he now engages in
unfairly representing everything transpiring in the new
and struggling districts West, which may be* need with
advantage against the entire country.
Our Minnesota readers, who may not see such jour
nal as those alluded to at various times, as engaged in
wantonly assailing the West, may judge of their spirit
by reading the annexed article, which we publish for
I Ha purpose nf showing how cruelly a temporary mis
fortune may be employed to inflict still greater mis
chief upon this Territory :
Notwithstanding the efforts of some of the Minnesota
journals to conceal or discredit the extent of the ravages
of the grasshoppers in the territory during the present
summer, from an apprehension that settlers might be de
terred from migrating thither if the truth were known,
it is certain that an immense area of growing crops has
been devastated by them. The consequences are easy to
foresee. The scenes of destitution and actual starvation
which were witnessed a few months ago in some of the
Southern and Western States are pretty sure to be re
peated in the remote frontier settlements, or even iu the
more thickly-settled portions of the territory, where it
is said that whole fields have been swept clean by the
grasshoppers. With money at three to five per cent, a
month and no means of raising it, it is difficult to see
how the farmers of the ravaged districts, who depend
entirely upon their crops for a support, will be able to
subsist. Food will have to be supplied to them, and
that speedily, or we may expect to see a considerable
migration to the more favored localities for want of the
bare necessities of life.
It may well be a matter of serious consideration for
the people of Minnesota, what is to be the extent or
duration of this terrible scourge. Successive visits of
the grasshoppers to Salt Lake city have caused such de
struction of the crops, that Brigham Young is said to be
seriously meditating a removal of the Mormons to some
portion of Utah where the soil and climate are unfavor
able to the production of the insects. Why may not a
similar misfortune be reserved for Minnesota ? It is
true, this is the first season in which the grasshoppers
have visited the territory in large numbers, or indeed, at
all, within our knowledge, but the circumstances attend
ing their appearance are so similar to those witnessed in
Utah that it is safe to conjecture that this visit will not
be their last. While, therefore, it is wholly uncertain
whether the scourge is a temporary one, but very cer
tain that the present season will be one of great suffer
ing in the territory, it is criminal in the highest degree,
by a misrepresentation of facts, to iuvite emigrants of
the poorer ejass to a country where they must embark
all their means in farming lands and crops, and run the
risk of starvation. The citizens of the territory, alive
to the importance of investigating the causes of this vis
itation, and the possibility of preventing it, have
measures to procure an exact statement of the area of
cultivated lands visited by the grasshoppers, the amount
and proportion of the crops destroyed, and the situation
of the inhabitants with regard to means of subsistence.
The result of their investigations will be awaited with
interest, by citizens of adjoining states as well as of the
territory.—[New York Evenirur JPost.
Our local journals can answer for themselves to the
charges above set forth ; we have been inclined to be
lieve they had goue too far in their statements of the
ravages of the grasshopper. Certain it is, that the t
relied on a statement published in a St. Paul paper,
made by an excited individual who resided on the line
over which the insect passed, for its text for the above
extraordinary article. The accounts of the harvests
in those small and sparsely settled districts in the north
ern part of the Territory where affected, though poor,
are much better than were looked for. But in the central
and southern portions of the Territory, where alone
the country has beeu settled and improved to any extent,
the amount of food raised may properly be characterized
as extraordinary. Enough, certainly, from the accouuts
given by reliable parties, to subsist more than the whole
population of the Territory. Dakota and Rice coun
ties alone might easily spare half a million bushels of
grain, and vet live comfortably ou what was left; and
these counties have been settled scarcely three years ;
besides which their papers have chronicled the appear
ance of the grasshopper in their line of march through
to lowa and other states south and east.
But these same Minnesota papers, to which the Post
refers, gave minute and interesting accounts of the re
markable and sudden flight, at one moment, of this ex
traordinary insect, from the infected districts, to the great
relief of the settlers, which were also published in most
of the eastern papers,—but these the Post did not deem
proper to notice, as inapplicable to its purpose.
The history of the migratory grasshopper that came
I into our Territory last year, and which has just left us,
J seems to be unknown to the Post , and perhaps also to
j many others, although fully set forth in various publi
cations within the past few years. It was first noticed
in Mexico, but may have taken its rise in Central or
South America; it passed thence to New Mexico, its
line always bearing north, and extending oat but a few
miles. Little regard was yet paid to it, notwithstanding
it devastated many rich neighborhoods. It soon after
wards made its appearance in Utah, where large num
bers of the Mormons had just taken up their abode.
Their loss of crops, which threatened them with starva
tion, created quite a panic among them, and their straight
drew the attention of the entire country to the cause of
their trouble. This was about five years ago. Then it
was that the question of removing from that* place was
discussed, and not lately, as the Post, intimates. Before
any definite conclusion was arrived at, the sudden de
parture of the mischievous pest, settled the point, and
they have enjoyed abundant crops ever since. Their
prosperity, and great increase in population should have
satisfied one not so careless as the above writer, that
no such danger still lurked among them. The course
of the grasshopper from there cannot be noted, as its
successive yearly stages were over the uninhabited range
of country until it arrived at the extreme north-western
point of Minnesota Territory two years ago. It now
took a southerly course, following the valley of the
Upper Mississippi, until it arrived at the junction of the
Minnesota river. This it accomplished this summer.
While the prospect of the duration of its visit and the
results thereof, were being discussed, the same remark
able instantaneous flight of the took'place. On
a bright afternoon they arose straight upwards for some
distance, seeming like clouds before the thin light, and
sped their way directly south. Their descent had been
chronicled as equally remarkable
The grasshoppers seen in the Territory, sime then
south of that, are too few to be regarded to as the saw
insect. The farmers are unconscious of any pnrtienlai
injury done them by it.
This is its history so far as known ; and the injur}
inflicted on the district above referred to, is made good
uorc than a thousand-fold in the extra abuudunee raised
in the rest of the Territory. Bat the /W may have
have an opportunity of investigating the robjiet noon,
by personal observation, nearer borne, when it may
learn that ail ita gloomy foreboding* have but little foun
dation to reat upon. A* to the remainder of ita wan
ton assertion* and insinuations, their worth can be
properly estimated by our people.
Weatber-Crepi-Wialer Wheat.
For the past few days it has been more like summer
than much of the time in July and August ; the nights
especially have been fully as warm a* any in those
months. Corn thrives under the influence of this in
spiring weather, snd is fast ripening Only a few tome
such days, and the corn crop will be safe, and may be
esteemed eveo better than the remarkable crops already
harvested. Minnesota is a great country, that’s certain.
Come to thrash their wheat, our farmers find it even
better than the flne promise it held out. We have en
joyed some of the flour just manufactured from oue of
the spring wheat crops, and we cannot conceive how '
flour could appear or taste better. There shoold be more
regard paid to the quality of the aeed than the kind of
grain shown. Although wheat is wheat, a superior arti
cle will always command a much higher price than an
inferior article. The American people will have good
bread it it ia in market.
In answer to oar inquiry, while oat in the country
among the farmers, as to the practicability of cultivating
winter wheat, it was generally responded to that our
climate was adverse to its being a sure crop. Occasion-
ally, however, we came across a man who preferred to
test the question, rather than take for granted what
seemed but an assumption. In every such case we were
glad to learn that they had been amply rewarded for
their pains, and no doubt remains in their minds as to
the perfect safety of raising such a crop. If success
crowned their efforts under the rigorous weather of last
winter, no further arguments need be used to show our
grain growers that it is their policy to exclusively use
this superior grain. Its advantages are so well known
that it becomes unnecessary to speak of them. But
where labor is so high as in this Territory, and our farm
ers are so driven in the little time allowed in our late
springs for their abounding work, on the score of economy
alone it is a matter of great importance to employ fall
sowing. Another point even of more importance, is the
certainty of fine sowing weather in the autumn season;
while the reverse is the case in the spring. The beauty
of the fall season is a, noted feature in the Minnesota
climate, and is therefore peculiarly fitted for carrying on
farming operations, which may be done at leisure, an J
ample preparation of the ground made.
At present there is no pretence made at denying to
our Territory a soil amply fitted to the raising of wheat,
and if any doubt has heretofore existed, the extraordin
ary yield this year under the adverse circumstances pe
culiar to all new countries, must forever dissipate it.
The next crop to be harvested is the buckwheat, which
promises to be excellent in this county. There is a
great amount to be cut, as it was substituted almost iu
variably where the corn was destroyed by late frosts, and
by the field squirrels. Prepare for buckwheats—hurry
up—the cakes !
As many of our citizens may be over-supplied with
pigeons, just, now, we advise them to lay by a stock,
which they can do by adopting the following plan, as
furnished us by a lady in this piace : Remove the breasts
carefully from the bone, rub them thoroughly with salt,
while fresh, andhang them up to dry. If flies are trouble
some, then dry them in a stove oven. Or this : Boil
the same part until well cooked, then place them in a
jar, covered with viuegar, and securely cover them.
We have eaten them thus prepared, and pronounce
them excellent relishes.
So numerous are these birds, that we have heard of
young lads rhooting fifty of an afternoon, bringing down
in one instance eleven at a shot. They may pay for
the mischief they have done to the grain fields, by stor
ing them by for winter use, prepared as above deseribed
That excellent journal, the Scientific American, has
iust entered on thi« ■ i«• appears in,
an entire new dress. In the late Report of the* U. S-.
Patent Office, there appeared but one name as a native
of Minnesota who had invented anything. If such a
journal as the above were patronized and read by our
mechanics, this solitary name would not be left alone
to save their credit. Its reading would be profitable to
every class in the community. Specimens at this office.
The Nininger Base Ball Club is becom n; noticed
abroad ; we see an account of one of its games has
been given in the first sporting paper of the day, Port
era Spirit of thetfTimea We understand it is designed
by the Club to give a challenge to other towns, shortly,
to play them a match game. They meet every Satur
day afternoon for play on their grounds, nnj the lower
Addition.
The Frank Stisli.—This excellent boat ia now run
ning regularly from St. Paul to the town of Louisville ;
•o that all parties desirous of visiting that place will
have an opportunity of doing so. We would commend
the Frank Steele to our friends. Tt isone of the best
boats in the Minnesota trade.
The Corner-stone of a Baptist University building
was laid at Hastings on the 2nd iust. The manage
ment of the affair being in the hands of the denomina
tion, the people of Hastings missed an excellent oppor
tunity of honoring their town and giving a rare treat to
thousands instead of the few score who were present on:
the occasion. With such an array of talent as par
ticipated in the exercises, in the persons of Ex-Gover
nor Ramsey, the Hon. H. H. Sibley, Dr. Thos. Foster,
and others, it must have been unsatisfactory to the citi
zens that so little advantage was derived from it from
the meagerness of the audience. Ex-Governor Ramsey’s
remarks were indeed worthy of the occasion and tie
man.
The next U. S. House of Representatives, according
to the Washington Union, will be of the following com
plexion :—Democrats, 125 ; Republicans, 91; Ameri
cans, 16; and two vacancies which will likely be filled
by Republicans. One hundred and eighteen constitutes
a majority; and by this statement the Democrats will he
in the ascendant.
estimate of the population of Minnesota
amounts to 250,000. Dakota County stands third on
the list, being 13,000.
Late accounts from the great Spring wheat region of
Indiana, and Illinois are unfavorable. The excess of
wet weather has produced an abundance of rust upon
the wheat, which is unusually backward this year in
maturing, owing to the cold and wet Spring. It is the
worst in central Indiana, and parts of central Illinois.
The sale of Fort Snelling has created quite a breexe
in political circles East. The whole matter has been
overhauled, and bears an ugly look for the honesty of
some parties concerned in the transaction. It is estima
ted that a million of dollars will be made by the pur
chasers.
The great submarine Telegraph has proved a failuic.
After being laid down for a distance of 300 miles it
broke, owing to the strain caused by its own great
weight. No further attempt will be made this year to
lay it down. The difficulties prove to be serious, ns the
cable does not go tight down ; it seems to roll back as
fast again aa the vessel advances ; but means may yet
be devised to overcome every difficulty.
Official confirmation had been received in England
of the murder of the African travelers, Dr. Vogel and
Corporal Maguire, royal engineers.
A suspension bridge was blown down during a hur
ricane lately, at. Hamilton, C. W. *
The State election in Vermont has resulted in the
triumph of the Republican party.
The Surrogate of New York City has decided ad
versely to the claims of tl e notorious Mrs. Cunningham
to the property of the late Or. Rurdell, she never hav
ing been his wife.
The valuation of real est»t> and personal property in
Steele County amounts to 1636,646.
llv a pamphlet issued 1 y the Agricultural Society of
this Territory, we lesru that the third Anui al Fair of
the Minnesota Agricultural Society, will be heH in St.
Paul on the 7th, Bth and 9th days of October next. (

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