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The Emigrant aid journal of Minnesota. [volume] (Nininger City, Minn. Terr. [i.e. Minn.]) 1856-1858, December 05, 1857, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024825/1857-12-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOLUME !
€tjp Cmigrout 3iii ‘Jonniol.
(S IML'in EVERY OTHER W EKK AT THE
CITY OF NIXING HR. DAKOTA CO,
AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE
Eight lines. <>ue time
pweial contracts will Le made with those desiring t"
advertise Uy the year
A celebrated skeptical philosopher of the hist century
—the historian Home—thought to demolish the credi
bility of the Curistiau Revelation, by the concise argu
ment. “ It is contrary to experience that a miracle
should be true, but not contrary to experience that tes.
rimoay should be false.” The last part of the proposi
tion, especially in a free country, on the eve of a popu
lar election, is uuiiappily too well founded ; but in what
book-worm’s dusty veil, tapestried with the cobwebs of
age, where the light of real life and nature never forced
its wav; in what pedant’s school, where deaf ears listen
to dumb lips, and blind followers are led by blind guides
—diu he learn that. it. is contrary to experience that a
miracle should be true? Most certainly he never learned
it from sower or reaper —from dumb animal or rational
man connected with husbandry. Door Red Jacket, off
here on Ruffe.lo Creek, if he could have comprehended
tbe terms of the proposition, would have treated it with
scorn. Contrary to experience that phenomena should
exist which we cannot trace to causes percepiibjc to the
human sense, or conceivable by human thought ! It
would be much nearer the truth to say that within the
huebnndin&u’g experience there are no phenomena wfctch
can tie rationally traced to anything but the instant en
ergy of creative power.
Did this philosopher ever contemplate the landscape.
.t the close of the year, when seeds, and grains, and
fruits have ripened, an 1 stalks have withered, and leaves
have fallen, and winter has forced her icy curb even into
ihe roaring jaws > f Niagara, and sheeted half a conti
nent in her glittering shmud, and all this teeming veg
etation and organized life arc !"< ked in cold and marble
month have swept., with sleet and chilly rain, and howl
ing storm, over the earth end rivetiwd their crystal bolts
upon the door of nature’s sepulchre; when the sun at
length begins to wheel in higher circles through the
sky, and sifter winds to breathe over melting snows,
did he ever behold tin* lotur bidden earth at length ap
pear, and soon the timid grass peep forth, and anon the
autumnal wheat begin to saint the field, and velvet leaf
lets to burst from puipl • ends, throughout the reviving
forest; and then the mellow soil to open its fruitful
bosom to every grain an • ’ dropped from the plant
er’s haul, buried but to -pring up again, clothed with a
new mysteiiou> being, and then, as more fervid soils
inflame the air, and sorter slmwt rs distill from the clouds,
and gentler dews string their pearls on twig and tendril,
did he ever w atch the ripening grain and ft ait. pendant
from stalk, and vine, and tree; the meadow, the field,
the pasture, the grove, each after his kind, arrayed in
myriad-tinted garments, in-tinct with circulating life ;
seven millions of counted leaves on a single tree, each
of which i- a system whose exquisite complication puts
to shame the shrewdest cunning of the human hand ;
every planted seed and grain, which had been loaned to
the earth, compounding its pious usury thirty, sixty, a
hundred fold—all harmoniously adapted to the susten
ance of living nature —the bread of a hungry world;
here a tilled cornfield whose yellow blades are nodding
with the too 1 of man ; there an unplante 1 wilderness—
the gr-. at Father's farm —where he “ who hears the
raven’s cry ” has cultivated with his own hand, his
merciful crop of berries, and nuts, and acorns, and seeds,
for the humbler families of animated nature , the sol
emn elephant, the browsing deer, the wild pigeon,
whose fluttering caravan darkens the sky; the merry
squirrel, who b iunls from branch to branch, in the joy
of his little life—ims be seen all this —lues he see it
every year, and month, and day—does he live, and
move, and breathe, and think, in thi- atmosphere of
wonder —himself the greatot won icr of all, whose
smallest fiber and faintest pulsation is as much a mys
tery as the blazing glories of Orion’s bolt—and does he
still maintain that a miracle is contrary to experience ?
If he has, and if h- does, then let him go, in the name
of heaven, and .-ay that it is contrary to experience that
the August Power which turns the clods of the earth
into the daily bread of a thousand million souls could
feed five thousand in the wilderness ?
Town Attn CouNiur Lifk—lt would be absurd to
deny the manifold importance of great commercial
towns in our social system. They are not the mere re
sult of calculation ; they grow up by an irresistible
necessity. The intenser life which springs from their
stern competition undoubtedly performs a most impor
tant office m the progress of civilization. The faculties
are sharpened by the direct emit act and collision of
kindred minds. The great accumulations of capital,
which almost exclusively take place in commerce and
the occupations conn< et* d with it, exercise an ail pow
erful influence in the e. inmunity, and *»rc frit in a!! its
enterprises. The social sympathies gather warmth and
force from tin: generous contagion of congenial natures.
Hut society is in its happiest state win n town and coun
try act and re act upon each other to mutual advantage;
when the simple maimer and purer tastes of rural life
are brought to invigorate the moral atmosphere of the
metropolis, and when a fair proportion of tin- wealtl
acquired in the c:ty flow.- back and is invested in landed
improvements ; transferring cultivated tastes and libera
arts from crowded avenues and ringing pavements t<
the open, health] i cuv ry. arid connecting them wit!
ns substantial interests and calm pursuits
In acknowledging, a- 1 do most cheerfully, the in.
portant relations of city die a id commercial pursuits tt
the entire social svstem of the eoantrv, I leave ot eours<
out of account —1 have m> word- hot of abhorrence
for i.ne eor.sp raca-s, swindling, and plunder
which exist side by .-id with < h ■ legitimate transact ion
of the s. 'i. e.icuaiige. is s not one of the least pci
plexed anomalies of modern life and manners, that whil
avowed, and thus far honest gambling (if l tn iy cor
neet those words; arc driven uy public opinion and th
law, to seclude itself from observation witliiu carefull
tyled doors, tool •to bud away its hundreds, perhaps it
thousands, in secret—discredited, infamous— blasted b
■' l V /
AT.M4C!> O \ 4 L » ,
F. Ii ITO It AND FKOPRIET O R
kites or advertising
thi ee times
hduunl Everett on Agriculture
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- n ri 359"
the anathemas of dew rted, heart broken wives and beg
gared children—subject at all times to the fell swoop of
the poli.e—the licensed gambling of the brokers’ board
is carried on in the face of day; its pretended sales of
what it does not own, its pretended purchases of what
it does not expect to pay for, are chronicled in the pub
lic prints to the extent of millions in the course of a
season, for the cruel and dishonest purposes of frigbteu
ing innocent parties into the ruinous sacrifice of bona
lido property, and thus making a guilty profit out of the
public distress uud the ruin of thousands.
[do not claim for agricultural life in modern times
the Arcadian simplicity of the heroic ages; but it is
capable, with the aid of popular education, and the
facilities of intercommunication, of being made a pur
suit more favorable than city life to that average degree
of virtue aDd happiness to which we may reasonably
aspire in the present imperfect stage of being. For the
same reason that our intellectual and moral faculties are
urged to the highest point of culture by the intense
competition of the large towns, the contagion of vice
and crime produces iu a crowded population a depravity
of character from which the more thinly inhabited
country, though far enough from being immaculate, is
comparatively free. Accordingly we find that the tenure
on which the land is owned and tilled—that is, the
average condition of the agricultural masses—decides
the character of a people. It is true that the compact
organization, the control of capital, the concentrated
popular talent, the vigorous Press, the agitatable tem
perament of the large towns, give them an influence out
of proportion to numbers; but this is far less the case
in the United States than in most foreign countries,
; where the land is held iu large masses by a few power
' ful landholders. Divided as it is in this country into
small or moderate sized farms, owned, for the most part,
and tilled by a class fairly educated, independent and
; intelligent proprietors, the direct influence of large
i tow us on the entire population is far less considerable
than iu Europe.
Paris cun at any time make a revolution in France;
but not even your imperial metropolis could make a
revolution in the United States What the public char
acter loses m concentration and energy by this want of
metropolitan centralization is more than gained by the
country iu the virtuous mediocrity, the decent frugality,
the healthfulness, the social tranquility of private life.
I trust I do full justice to the eiegaut refinements, the
liberal institutions, the noble charities, the creative in
dustries, the world encompassing energies of the cities ;
but the profuse expenditure of tho prosperous, the un
fal homed wretchedness of the destitute, the heaven
defying profligacy of the corrupt, the insane spirit of
speculation, the frantic haste to become rich, the heart
less dissipation of fashionable life, the growing ferocity
and recklessness of a portion of the public Press, the
prevailing worldliness of the large towus, make me
tremble for th i future. It appears to me that our great
dependence, under Providence, must be more and more
on the healthy tone of the population scattered over the
country —strangers to the excitements, the temptations.
: the revulsions of trade, and placed in that happy middle
i condition of human fortune which is equidistant from
the giddy bights < f affluence, power, and fame, and the
pinching straits of poverty, and as such most fovorabla
to human virtue and happiuess.
While the city is refreshed and renovated by the pure
tides pouted from the country into its steamy and turbid
channels, the cultivation of the soil affords at home that ,
moderate excitement, healthful occupation, and reason- •
able return, which most eouduee to the prosperity and
enjoyment of life. It is, in fact, the primitive enjoy
ment of man —first in time, first in importance. The '
newly mated father of mankind was placed by the ;
Supreme Author of his being in the garden, which the j
hand of Omnipotence itself had planted, • to dress and j
to keep it.’ Before the heaviug bellows had urged the i
furnace, before a hammer had struck upon an anvil, ;
before the gleaming waters had flashed from an oar,
before trade had hung up its scales or gauged its meas
ures, the culture of the soil began. “To dress the gar
den and to keep it ’ —rliis was the key-note struck by
the band of God himself in that long, joyous, wailing
triumphant, troubled, pensive straiu of life musie which j
sounds the generations and ages of our race. Banished j
from the garden of Eden, man’s merciful sentence—at j
once doom, reprieve and livelihood—was • to till the t
ground from which he was taken,’ and this, in its prim- !
itive simplicity, was the occupation of the gathering !
societies of men.
Tbe South and (he West.
Km months preceding the general collapse in nione- j
tary affairs in New York, the press of that modest me- j
tropolis exercised themselves continually in publishing ;
prosy sermons in which they endeavored to establish
that, because tbe people of the South and West thought
proper to enjoy a larger proportion of the world’s good
things than these sumptuaries deemed wholesome for
them, they must necessarily break and go to pot —as
they themselves in that, region have since so generally'
done j
When our cotemporaries aforesaid were thus gener- ;
ously and gratuitously attending to the affairs of the j
Mississippi Valley, it will be iu the recollection of our
readers that wo, in the blandest and kindest manner, |
recommended them to pay some little attention to affairs ,
nearer home, take bleed that their own households were j
not more likely to require their pious and circumspect i
admonitions, and look well after their incorporated com- 1
panics, of which every post, brought us disgusting ac- !
counts of uml-administration; for, after all, if our fern- j
iuity wore more expensive robes and bijouterie , our mas
culines puffed off more expensive regalias, sported a
larger share of French clothing, and sipped in fuller
Droportions of the expensive products of foreign vin
j tages tlmn necessary or wise, we were nevertheless tol
erably weli able, after a number of years of continuous
1 surprising prosperity, to foot the bills and pay the reck
oning.
.'riuc? 1> I(i the West has absolutely bent under her
unwonted success. For every product of her teeming
a i Is she has obtained prices that in bygone times fn'4
hive been heard of with incredulity, and regarded as
fabulous and exceptional, and which would still continue
uninterruptedly were our minatory brothien of the East
to confine tlndr interference in their affairs to newspaper
diatribes and sermonizing, and not to the establishment
among of bogus banks and unsubstantial credits.
As .i proof of the correctness of this opinion, let any
ue examine at leisure any of the reported heavy failures
in the Western country, and we will be bound that the
result will convince him that the immediate cause is
! entanglements witli eastern speculations and New York
i . stock operations. Had the really substantial men of
r i the Westwu country, the merchant* who havs seen,
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" S r '
CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. DECEMBER 5. 1857.
annually, augmenting home trade to enrich and aggrau* {
dize them, stood aloof from the un.'ouud operations of j
which New York is the soul and embodiment, even the j
comparatively few reverses which have fallen on large j
houses in St. Louis would not have happened, nor;
would we to-day have any bauk suspensions to deplore. ;
The West cannot suffer more than a temporary de. j
pression ; for if she had no other element to sustain her ;
greatness and splendor than the perpetual stream of j
healthy emigration which pours over her fertile fields, !
who can duly estimate its immense volume or inexhaus- j
tible resources, and morally and commercially consider- i
ed ? Look, for instance, to the certain consequences of j
the present general break down in the northern and j
eastern commonwealths, the dismissal from necessary j
employment of thousands of mechanics and laborers !
who now, at the very threshhold of their terrible win- j
ter, are thrown penniless and breadless, themselves and j
their little ones, adrift upon the face of the earth ? Is ■
it not clear; can, in fact, anything be more certain, than j
that myriads of these, our native born countrymen and I
couutrywomen, will fly on the approach of spring to |
| that fertile and bounteous country, spreading in hospit- i
able longitude away towards the West, rather than tarry j
lenger in a region where, at best, plenty is a rare visi- !
tor aDd gnawing poverty a steady guest ?
j And when this multitude starts ou its western exode,
i can any one pretend to set limits to the accessions it j
will receive from every portion of oppressed and King- j
'ridden Europe, from Muscovy to Erin? In this, and j
j not in paper money, or lot buying and land speculating ;
eastern operators, consists the guarantee for western i
i solvency and prosperity; and whether her people spend
i a little more or a little less per annum for foreign lux- >
i uries, is of the smallest possible consequence ; her fu- j
i ture is assured, and the happiness and fullness of the |
; land secured beyond the reach of individual follies or
! extravagance.
So also is it with the South ; her products—cotton,
! sugar, tobacco, and rice—are necessaries indispensable,
1 and of some she has also a monopoly, and in the r#- 1
| m tinder no competition to alarm. For the moment they
may be more.or less productive; stock gambling in the
.north of our own country, and wars, civil and national,
; among our customers, may derange t.he usual channels
! of trade to our disadvantage; but the lesson on this
; head we are now learning will, we hope and confidently
i believe, not be lost upon us, and in the future let us
: resolve that we shall no more be made the shuttlecocks
j of adventurers, commercial gamblers, and ruflian states
: men, on this or the other side of the Atlantic,
i Let us resolve and determine that our products shall
! bring in the markets of the world their intrinsic value,
j regulated by the only fair criterion, demand and supply,
| and not be graded to compensate for the losses of Wall
! street, the Credit Mobilier, or tlie brutal love of blood
jof the Palmersfons of England.
To do this, nothing is easier, a simple remedy is at
: every man’s hand, and every one can adopt it; keep out
|of debt; with our surplus money—not worthless ac
: ceptanees, let us iucrease our force of labor, add to our
I plantations, beautify our mansions, and increase our
; personal and household enjoyments ; and then, but not
j before, shall we be able to compel Manchester, Rouen,
1 and Lowell to pay us the true value of our inestimable
product, and the whole world to send solid cash or ex
changeable values for all of our disposable surplus.
If we do this, our hearts will no longer shrink into
one half their natural dimensions at the mortifying
'spectacle now daily presented of a sacrifice of our great
.staple, a little more than one half its admitted value by
those whose manufacturing necessities compel them to
I purchase; nor will any man then be under the necessity
| an honorable punctuality imposes, to throw away the
j equivalent of half a crop merely for a credit which is
based for redemption on his own industry and integrity.
; If, we repeat, we will only do this, and the West will
| also on her part keep far away from her borders bogus
banks, a sbinplaster currency, and monopolizing specu
lator-, we can afford to laugh good naturedly at the
affected distresses of New York journalists over our
consumption of imported merchandise, when they are
■ put on to cover up their own domestic rottenness aud
| their innumerable shams. They can rejoice in the con
: stunt watchfulness aud partial favors of the federal gov
j eminent; we, if only in the way we have indicated,
[.true to ourselves, will be able to dispense with itsfrieud-
I ship and to care nothing for its injustice, having within
' ourselves all that is essential to comfort, splendor, and
j independence.—[True Delta.
Is the Sun Inhabited I
Sir John Herschel concludes that the sun is a planet j
abundantly stored with inhabitants \ his inference being ;
drawn from the following arguments :—On the tops of
mountains of sufficient height, at an altitude where j
clouds very seldom reach to shelter them from the direct j
rays of the sun, are always found regions of ice and j
snow. Now, if the solar rays themselves conveyed all
the heat on this globe, it ought to be hottest where their
coarse is least interrupted. Again, aeronauts all confirm
the colduess of the upper regions of the atmosphere.
Since, therefore, even on our earth, the heat of auy sit*
uation depends upon the aptness of the medium to yield
to the impression of the solar rays, we have only to ad
mit that, on the sou itself, the elastic fluids composing
its atmosphere, and the matter on its surface, are of such
a nature as not to be capable of any excessive affection
from its own rays. Indeed, this seems to be proved
from the copious emission of them; for if the elastic
fluids of the atmosphere, or the matter contained on the
surface of the suu, were of such a nature as to admit of
an easy chemical combination with its rays, their emis
i sinu would be much impeded. Another well known fact
| is, that the solar focus of the largest lens thrown into
| the air will occasion no sensible heat in the place where
| it has been kept for a considerable time, although its
i power a? exciting combustion, when proper bodies are
I exposed, should be sufficient to fuse the most refractory
! substances. Thus from arguments based solely on the
supposed physical constitution of that luminary he de
duces the somewhat astonishing idea that the suu is in
habited. •
The Cold Before Sunrise.
Among the Annotations of Archbishop Whately, in
his admirable edition of Bacon’s Essays, we find a few
pointed and interesting upon early rising,
annexed to the essay on the * Regimen of Health. In
this essay Bacon makes no reference to hours of sleep,
and it is to supply this deficiency that his editor has col
lected a few facts upon this much mooted subject.
Among these facts he stales the following : ‘ One other
circumstance connected with early hours has not been
hitherto accounted for, namely, the sudden cold which
comes on just at the pt*p of da ten. Some say that the
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earth is gradually cooling after the sun has set, and con
sequently the cold must have reached its height just be
fore the return of the sun. This theory sounds plausi
ble to those who have little or no personal experience of
daybreak, but it docs not agree with the fact. The cold
does not gradually increase during the night)-: but the
temperature grows alternately wanner and colder accord
ing as the sky is clouded or clear. And all who have
been accustomed to night traveling must have often ex
perienced many such alternation in a single night. And
l hey also hod that the cold at daybreak comes on very
suddenly , so much so, that in spriug and autumn it of
teu happens that it catches the earth-worms, which on
mild nights iie out of their holes; - and you may often
sec a wholo glass-plat strewed with their frozen bodies
in a frosty morning. If the cold had not come very
suddenly, they would have had time to withdraw into
their holes. And any one who is accustomed to go out
before daylight, will often, in the winter, find the roads
full of liquid mud half an hour before dawn, and by
sunrise as hard as a rock. Then those who had been in
bed will often observe that “ it was a hard frost last
night,” when in truth there had been no frost till
| daybreak/
Rev. Dr. Baird, late Secretary of the American and
Foreign Christian Alliance, who is now in Europe,
writes as follows :
‘From first to last, I have crossed the Atlantic fifteen
times during the last twenty ;wo year?, four times in
sailing vessels and eleven times in steamships; nud in
stead of being 18, 21, 28 or 31 days, which were the
respective lengths of the voyages in the sailing ships, I
should" now think 12 or 13 days rather a long passage in
a steamer; and when I first came to Europe, in 1835,
I am not aware that there was a railway on this side of
the Atlantic which was fifty miles long. There were
but three < n the Continent-—one in France, one in Bel
gium, one in Austria—and the longest was but thirty
live miles, if I remember right. How very different is
the staff?' orthiug's now! England, France, Belgium
and Germany are covered with uetworka of railways.
It is really interesting to look at a map of each of those
countries on which the lines of railroads that have been
made, are laid down. And when wc add those which
are actually in process of making, the case is still more
striking. I believe that Greece and Turkey are now the
only countries in Europe in which railroads do not exist;
and I am quite sure that these exceptions will not long
continue. Indeed, lam not sure that a short road in
Turkey is not already opened ; I know that more than
one has been projected, aud I believe commenced.
So, too, with steamboats. In some countries, such as
Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia, Turkey and Greece,
there y/cre but few steamboats ; but now there are many.
More steamboats run from Stockholm in Sweden, twice
over, than belonged to the entire kingdom in 1836, when
I first visited that country. The number of steamers
in Russia is now very great. When I first went to that
country in 1837, there were a few ou the Neva, and
thof.e very poor, and almost none any where else, so far
as I can remember. There are now more than 100
steamers on the Danube, including * towing boats; ’ but
when I first saw that rivei 20 years ago, there were not
a dozen, so far as I could learn.
Aud now look at the influence of these great improve
ments, as exhibited in my own ease, during the present
visit to Europe. I left Boston in the ‘ Europa,’ on the
first of July, and in ten days and ten hours we reached
Liverpool, where I speut two days, one of which was the
Sabbath. Setting out on Tuesday morning, July 14th,
l have spent one day in Manchester, six in London, one
in Havre, five in Paris, one in Genoa, one in Lausanne,
one in Berne, four in Berlin, four in Hamburg, four in
Copenhagen, one in Gottenburg, four in Stockholm, one
in Abo (iu Finland,) one in Helsingfors, eleven in St.
Petersburg, and here I am again in Berlin in precisely
ten weeks since 1 left America. And yet in these ten
weeks I have traveled more than 7000 miles, and yet
have forty-five days out of seventy in which I was not
traveliug—ieaving twenty-five in which I was in move
ment. Lam confident that 1 have done more in ten
weeks, and with incomparably less fatigue, than I eould
have done twenty years ago in six months.’
The Count de Tendilla, while beseiged by the Moors
in the fortress of the Alhambra, was destitute of gold
and silver, wherewith to pay his soldiers, who began to
murmur, as they had not the means of purchasing the
necessaries of life from the people of the town. ‘ln
this dilemma (says the historian,) what does this saga
cious commander ? He takes a large number of mor
sels of little paper, on which he inscribed various sums,
large and small, and signs them with his own hand and
name. These he gave to the soldiery in earnest of their
pay. “ How,” you will say, “ are soldiers to be paid
with scraps of paper ?” Even so, and well paid too, for
the good count issued a proclamation, ordering the in
habitants to take the morsels of paper for the full amount,
inscribed thereon, promising to redeem them at the
future time with gold and silver. Thus, by subtle and
not by miraculous alchemy, did this cavalier turn paper
into gold and silver, and make his late impoverished
army abound in money.-’ The historian adds. * The
Count redeemed his promise like a loyal knignt, and
this miracle, as it appeared to the worthy Agapida, is
the first instance on record of paper money, which has
since spread throughout the civilized world the most
unbounded opulence.’
A Fearful Judgment. —The Hollidaysburg (Pa.)
Standard of a lata,date has the following extraordinary
statement:—
‘ For some days past there has been a singular story
afloat in this community. Whether true or not, we are
not prepared to say, but the information conies from
such a reliable source that we are free to say there must
be something in it. It appears that one day last week
a man in the neighborhood of Mount Union, II unding
don Co., while cleaning grain, suddenly discovered that
the -weevil had destroyed the greater part of it. This
so exasperated him that he blasphemed the Saviour in
such a willful, wicked and malicious mauner, that it
will not bear putting in print. He left the barn and
seated himself in a chair, where he had remained but a
few minutes before he turned to his wife, and asked her
what she said. She replied that stie had not spoken.
“ 1 thought,” said he, “ that l heard somebody say that /
must sit here till the judgment day.” it is now alleged
that he is still sitting in (he chair , unable to rise or
speak with his eyes rolling, and totally incapable of mov
ing his body. His family, it is said, have left the house,
where he still remained seated in the chair ou Saturday
last 1 ’
Europe, Past and Prcseut.
origin of Paper money.
1 DEFECTIVE PAGE
—mm—mmmmm—mmm I 1
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Biow (hey Destroy Gophers In California.
It seems this little pest is as common in California as
in Minnesota ; they have there set about their destruc
tion, aud the State Agricultural Society have offered
premiums fer the best essay on the subject. We give
the following article relative to destroying them from
the California Farmer , which may be studied and put
in practice when convenient.
Early in the winter we plowed and subsoiled our land
to the depth of fifteen inches, which broke up nearly, if
not quite all, the gopher roads or tunnels; then kept
the weeds entirely down by alternate plowing and drag
ging, thus getting the soil in fine order for a crop; and
in about six weeks hardly a gopher could be found, be
ing, I suppose, starved to death, for we saw a skeleton
of one crawling on the surface in search of food, too
near dead to find it., being but a shadow of its former
self. But, if any should be left, their whereabouts may
readily be seen by the fresh earth thrown up in search
of food, and you can soon finish them with a little
strychnine, prepared and applied as follows—(be sure
and get good strychnine, as there is a large quantity of
an interior article sold :) place it on a smooth plate and
pour on some dissolved gum Arabic, mash the two to
gether with a knife, until the crystals are dissolved and
form a cream-like paste, which may be carried in a small
bottle and applied to green peas, vines, cabbages or pota
to? s, with a camel s hair brush or feather, inserted in
the cork, which is a more economical and less dangerous
way of using it than by applying it in the dry state
with a pocket knife, as is often done. After putting the
oait in the hole, stop it up with a clod, then go there a
few hours after, and if the poison be good, though he
will almost always stop the hole to the depth of three
or six inches, it will seldom be more, so you can soon
open it and put in another bait; thus continue until
they come no more, as sometimes several live in one nest.
If he stops the bole two feet or more deep, it is proba
ble the strychnine is not good.
Being renters we keep them from coming on us from
our neighbors, by walking around the place once or twice
each day, meeting any that may cross on or near the
line, and when one comes, keep his tunnel open with a
prepared potato in it, and others in that part of the field
will come in that way instead of making a new road,
ihus, with little trouble and expense, we have this year
kept a five-acre lot, full of vegetables, almost entirely
clear of them, though the land on each side is full of
gophers, and our neighbors have suffered severely. If
a land owner, after killing them off, I would keep others
out by a ditch three feet deep, which, with a rail on the
earth thrown up, will keep both gophers and cattle out.
In many cases of disordered stomach, a teaspoonful
ot salt is a certain cure. In the violent internal aching,
termed colic, add a teaspoonful of salt to a pint of cold
water; drink it and go to bed, it is one of the speediest
remedies known. The same will revive a person who
appears almost dead from receiving a fall.
In an apoplectic fit, no time should be lost in pouriug
down salt and water, if sufficient sensibility remain to
allow of swallowing it; if not, the head must be spong
ed with cold water until the senses return, when salt
will completely restore the patient from the lethargy.
Iu a fit, the feet should be placed in warm water, with
mustard added, aud the legs briskly rubbed, all bandages
removed from the neck, aud a cool place found if possi
ble. In many cases of bleeding at the lungs, and when
other remedies failed, Dr. Rush, found that two tea
spoonfuls of salt completely stayed the blood.
In case of a bite from a mad dog, wash the part with
j a strong brine for an hour, and then bind on some salt
| with a rag.
In toothache, salt and warm water held to the part,
and removed two or three times, will relieve in the most
cases. If the gums be affected, wash the mouth with
brine. If the teeth be covered with tartar, wash them
twice a day with salt and water.
In swelled neck, wash the part with brine, and drink
it also twice ■a day, until cured.
The utterances of men * in the form,’ as to the causes
of the late panic in the commercial world, being so vari
ous and discordant, it is but just to let the spirits have
a bearing. The Spiritual Telegraph reports the spirit,
speaking through Mrs. Emma F. Jay Bullene as me
dium, to say
< That we, as a nation, bad bound in fetters and im
prisoned the Spirits of Washington and Jackson, whose
places were filled by buyers and sellers—the bribers and
the bribed—and that there was no way to set those im
mortal spirits free, and for America to come out into a
new and pure life, but in the disruption and destruction
of present false and fraudulent political, commercial, and
religious forms. That accordingly these were doomed j
but that new structures of advanced beauty and perfect
ness would spring up from their ruins, to make glad all
righteous hearts.
The immediate cause of the present revulsion was ex
plained by the same speaker in a way still more novel.
She said that the perceptive faculties of men had grad
ually become so developed, that the vails of deceptiou
with which they attempted to hide their overreaching
and frauds from one another were readily Been through ;
and accordingly all confidence between man and man
was destroyed.’
Men have found one another out at last, and so confi
dence is at an end ! More truth than poetry in this
‘ rap,’ we suspect.—[Life Illustrated.
The Horse’s Sagacity.— A gentleman in Tenneesee
lately purchased a horse in a portion of the State sepa
rated from his own region by mountains and rivers, and
took him home by a route extending nearly a hundred
and fifty miles. He placed him in a pasture lot for the
night, hut in the morning he was gone. In a few days
it was ascertained that he had returned that very night
to bis old home, reaching there by daylight. He had
taken a straight course across the country, swimming
rivers and crossing the mountain. On his arrival he
showed signs of fatigue, having traveled a distance of
sixty or seventy miles during the night, following un
erringly the point of the compass to which he desired to
go. His memory would, of course, have served him in
retracing the route by which he had come; bat guided
by the same instinct which eonducts the bee, after long
wandering and laden with his sweet burden, in a line
mathematically straight from the last flower ho ravishes
to his sell, this horse, in the darkness of the night, over
unknown paths, returned by the shortest course to his
i home.
..
aflWSl ***>*&
Medical use or Salt.
The Spirits on the Panic.
A Sew Recipe.
Please tell your readers that the following is worthy
their attention at all times, but particularly now :
Have a large pan, bolding a pailful of water. Have
a large iron pot on the fire, with boiling water. Have
three pounds and a half of best white Indian meal, half
a pound of good flour, 6 cents worth of the best beef
suet, a good teaspoonful of bi-carbonate soda, and half a
handful! of salt, all near you. Put your meal into the
pan, then the salt and soda. Mix it well through the
meal. Cut up the suet very fine, and mix well through
also. Now pour on boiling water, and make it soft.
After this, put on a quart of cold water, which sweetens
the meal. Now throw in the flour, not in one spot, but
all over the stuff, and mix it through with a large iron
Bpoon or stick. Have two or three quarts of boiling
water in the pot. Have five bags. Make the stuff into
five dumplings of equal size. Put two or three in the
pot, each dumpling tied tight in a bag. Take care to
put a large handful of salt in the water before the dump
lings. Boil, on a moderate fire, two hours constantly.
Then turn them out on a dish, and w r hen cool, cut into
slices. Put on the frying pan, into which pat a little
suet, and fry them very brown. This is bread, meat,
and butter. This quantity makes three hearty meals
for my family of nine. With yonr beverage, it will go
down very easily. This is the way my wife does. Oar
children are very healthy.—[New York Sun.
A Terrible Punishment.
The London Spectator contains the following expres
sion of opinion as to what should be done with Nena
Sahib, the chief of the Insurrectionists in India, in the
event of bis capture alive :
‘ He should be caged as a matter for study, and after
exhibition in India, should be brought to England and
carefully guarded to live out the term of his natural, or
unnatural life, like a monster—without sympathy. Hia
physical health should be preserved with the utmost
care, and he should live to undergo the most painful of
all punishment to such a miscreant —the absence of all
sympathy, aud the knowledge that he was reduced to
the condition of a captured beast of prey, a study for
the natural philosopher of the nation he has outraged,
as some compensation for forfeited humanity. He should
be caged in the Tower, as a real Bengal tiger, with some
of the four-footed tigers—bis brethren—in cages along
side of him for comparison. We do not revenge our
selves on wild beasts; we kill them out of the way, or
keep them as specimens; and we cannot afford to waste
tbe Opportunity for the punishment of a human tiger,
as a warning, a punishment that distance from the
scene of his atrocities will magnify manifold aa a deter
ring influence. He is a gentleman, of high caste ever
susceptible of mortification by the process of degrada
tion from the condition of humanity to that of brutal
ity ; devoid of morality aB an idiot, and only sensitive
in pride or vanity. The spectacle of bia hopeless cap
tivity will do more to deter than would tbe hanging of
a hundred thousand of his fellows. Mere death would
be no punishmont to this human brute—would have no
effect on tbe future.’
Two Western Hurricanes.
Early yesterday morning a storm of thunder 'and
lightning passed over Brownsville, on the Memphis and
Ohio Railroad, which, at six o’clock, was succeeded by
a hurricane, accompanied with a deluging rain. As the
wind approached, so monstrous was its rush and roar,
so terrific the crashing of trees and the clash of objects
borne along by its resistless power, that the noisy strife
of the elements suggested the idea of an earthquake.
In a few moments the furious tempest reached the town,
hurling destruction and spreading consternation around.
The houses vibrated and shook as the mighty force spent
itself upon the walls. Windows clattered with inde
scribable aim ; every movable thing within reach of the
wind was hurled from its place or cast with stunning
crash to the earth. The alarm was intense, but before
it could be well expressed the resistless storm had passed
onward to exhibit its powers of destruction elsewhere.
On the railroad track, the morning train stood nearly
ready for starting to this city, several of the cars were
upset from the tracks; the side of one passenger car
was smashed in. At the time the cars were eapsised, a
negro was engaged in sweeping out the passenger car,
and was, of course, very suddenly taken off his legs and
jerked about in a manner more startling than agreeable.
In a few moments the darkie’s bead was seen to emerge
from one of the upturned windows; bis fsoe was the
hue of mingled ink and ashes; his eyes rolled with ter
ror, and his teeth chattered with the agony of fright, as
he shrieked rather than shouted, ‘ Gor-a-mighty! who
de debbil been done dat ? ’ Then, with one bound, he
cleared the car, and ran with winged, speed to the near
est shelter. The cars being thus placed hort du combat
the mail was brought down by Mr. Seay, the mail agent,
on the tender, which, with the locomotive was all that
could run on the track. It is a surprising circumstance
that in the whole catastrophe, no human creature lost
his life.—[Memphis Appeal, Nov. Bth.
From various exchanges we gather the following ad*
■ ditional particulars in relation to the reeent tornado in
Ross Ceunty.
Its greatest violence appears to have been expended
in the neighborhood of Andersonville, some ten miles
north of Cbillicothe. The line of the tornado is mark*
ed by the destruction of buildings, trees and fences.
Many of the farmers had a large amount of stock killed,
and the track of the tornado presents a terrible soene of
desolation. Its course was southwest and northeast
from Andersonville; its track varied in width from 100
yards to a mile, and its length was about forty miles.
Mauy families along tho line are left entirely homeless
and destitute. In addition to this, numbers are suffer
ing from severe injuries, several of whom will not re
cover.
Wonderful stories are told of hairbreadth escapes. One
man riding along the highway on horseback, was blown
with his horse, over the fence into a meadow, and alight
ed in the saddle, neither he nor the horse injured.
Another was blown off his horse (near Mr.*Warner's
farm,) and he and the horse went aloft, each on. their
own hook, and both alighted all sound and right. —[Cin-
cinnati Gazette.
A writer in the Baltimore Sun who has been afflicted
severely in his family by that appalling disease, bron
chitis, has found relief from the following remedy :
‘ Take honey in the comb, squeeze it out and dilute with
a little water, and wet the lips and mouth occasionally
with it.’ It had never been known to fail, in eases
where children had throats so swollen as to he unable to
swallow. It is certainly a simple remedy, and msy be
a very efficacious one.
NUMBER 14.
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