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<£'[)d emigrant lift CITY OF NININGER. DAKOfA CO., M. T AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE K4TIS or ADVBtTISIXa : Eight lino, one time, ---SIOO *• •• three times, - * * - * - * * • 200 contracts will he mads with those desiring to advertise hy the yeitr Mb. Editor—As almost every settled part of Min nesota has laid claim to some special advantage, besides the general g<*od enjoyed by all in this magnificent coun try, l feel disposed to say a word for this neighborhood. I have not as yet done any farming, but am now get tiug ready to engage in this avocation, one which has been too much neglected by our young men, at any rate. A sight of the teeming fields at harvest time is enough to cause one to wonder at the indifference to engage in this profitable employment, instead of being a drone in our cities and *o»ns, where health and reputation are given up to the chances of speculation, that ruin moie than are ever benefit ted. There are so many square miles of the richest soil, which a beneficent Creator has prepared for the use of his creatures, lying idle where men might become a blessing to the world, by bringing it under cultivation, that it is wrong to follow those evil ways. We have so many examples showing the certain success attending tfce prudent husbandman, that it is almost useless to be citing new instances, to prove that the most certain way to win wealth is to till the grot n ! In the first place a good claim is secured for •SOU; a comfortable home for as inach more, and another like sum will insure the harvest of a crop to suffice for one year, after which there is a steady accumulation of real wealth. With a larger capital the proportion of returns is greatly increased. Now, in half of our prosperous towns a good lot costs about S6OO, while iu the cities and some towns, they are often sold for ten times that sum. And bow stand their relative positions ? The farm never fails of yielding a good support to its owner, and its value is augmenting faster than the town prop erty, which, in the meantime is of but little worth to the owner, with much risk of depreciation in value. A neighbor of mine, here, came from Scotland three years ago, and found his way into Illinois, but not liking there, he came into Minnesota, where he was delighted with all be saw. Af er taking his claim, he urged his fricuds he left behind him, to come along, as here was the place for them. A settlement was soon formed, and although commencing single-handed they did not have to labor in vain : steadily they have prospered, so that they are now independent, with each a fine farm under good cultivation, and well supplied with all the blessings of a farmer’s life. | * | ? Stock raising will no doubt become an important branch of business in this locality. The grass growl surpassingly luxuriant You may renumber n ceiving and noticing a few spears near ten feet long, last sum mer ; this is much relished by cattle, and proves to be very nutritious. Mr. Jo'.n Taylor, one of the farmers referred to above, has now a calf only five months old, whicb weighs over 400 lbs. ; it is of the Durham breed; every one who sees it are obliged to confess that it surpasses anything of the kind they ever witnessed. If they should get up au Agricultural Fair in this County, there will be a grand display of stock, something that would be bard to match for size in any State in the Union. We should have more opportunities of exhibiting our native pro ducts. Minnesota, in this respect, is behind the most impoverished portion of the country : excepting the exhibition of fancy-toys, and a few vegetables, brought together at St. Paul, where horse-racing and carousing engrossing all the attention, there have been no oppor tunities for beneficial examination of what is raised in the Territory. One good State Fair, not got up to ex tract money for any city, would be productive of much good in showing how rich is this young country. But it is not only agricultural wealth we enjoy ; our vicinity has become somewhat noted as having furnished some fine mineral coal specimens. A Mr. Falconer, in digging a well, came across some excellent anthracite coal, and he intends to prosecute his discovery, in hopes to strike a good seam, which he believes he will find yet find, on his place. Other discoveries of alike na ture have confirmed the declaration of some old coal miners wheu they first came here, that the indications of coal wi re plainly discernible. A thorough examina tion is to be made in the spring,—the season of cold had advanced too far, this year, when it was determined to investigate the subject. Our part of the country had magnificent crops this vear, consequently we have no trouble upon our souls. Just at present we have not much else to do than to eat, smoke and be merry. The life of a young ' bach ’ is pleasant enough to many of us, but some think they know how to make it more so, and profitable too. But the opportunities to profit by this knowledge do not ex ist around, much to the regret of some. A large im portation of the fair sex is one of the most necessary things for the benefit of Minnesota. A. McC. Whkatland, Rice Co., M. T., Dec. 10, 1857. The fur exports from St Paul amounted this year to SIBO,OOO ; last yew they were ouly 197,000. I A. W. HI ICDAM ALD. X DITCH AND PROPRIETOR, IS ISSUED XVEBT OTHER WEEK AT THE Letter from a Young ••Back.” The Potato—lie History. A correspondent asks why the potato is called the Irish Potato. To answer this question it will be neces sary, and perhaps not unprofitable, to give something of its history. The first potatoes ever grown in Europe was raised on Sir Walter Raleigh s estate in Ireland, the seed being taken by him from Virginia about 1602. For many years, although eaten, they were grown more as objects of curiosity than for profit. Their culture, however, seemed t>» iucrease, and, during the wars that devastated Ireland towards the eud of the seventeenth century, when the growing grain was destroyed by the soldiery, the potato crop served to keep the inhabitants from starvation It could not be destroyed by fire, and, in fact, nothing but digging up the crop could destroy it, which was altogether too much like work tor soldiers, and too long a job, and so the potatoes were left to the hungry people, for which they were no doubt, very thankful. After this the potato became very popular in Ireland, aud about the year 1694 was introduced into the couuty of Lancashire, England, wheu it gradually spread over the other adjoining counties, aud through all England ; but it was not until about the middle of the seventeenth century that the Scotch gave it a trial. Previous to this date, in England potatoes were grown principally in vegetable gardens, aud occupied no prominent place in field culture. During the latter end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century the potato increased in popularity, and there was a consequent in crease in its culture. But, even up to 1812, the limited extent of the crop may be judged from the fact during that year, when breadstuffs were extremely dear aud scarce, the British Parliament were urged by agricul tural and political economists and the press to recom mend, or pass some law requiring, that every farmer should grow one acre of potatoes for every hundred acres occupied. What the original variety first taken from Virginia was, or whether more than one variety, is not known, and it was not until about the year 1800 that we find much said about the different sorts At that time Don aldson, in his Modern Agriculture, enumerates thirty seven varieties as being cultivated iu England. Alter it. had been known and cultivated two hundred years, it was thought necessary by some of the wisest aud bem men io eucourage or enforce its growth by parliamentary action In twenty years after this question was agita ted, so popular hud it become and so geueral its use, that no root could compare with it, either in the quanti ty raised or iu the esteem iu which it was held by the people. The fact, therefore, that a plant gaius but slow ly iu popular favor is no certain evidence that it is not valuable, and we should be careful how we cry out 4 humbug’ at everything new because of apparent fail ure at first. Some of the new plauts lately, introduced may ultimately effect us great a moral, social and politi cal revolution in this country as did the potato iu Eu rope. If the Chinese sugar cane shall enable the farmers of the North to manufacture sugar and molasses so as to supply our markets at a cheap rate, who cau calculate the mighty moral and social change that will be peace fully effected by it, compared with which the greatest political revolution will sink into insignificance ? We may learn also the folly of growing one crop so exclu sively as to make its success or failure a matter of such serious importance-—almost a question of life and death, instead of a mere matter of profit or loss for a season. We have always urge A our farmers to grow a diversity l of crops, even where one or two seemed for a time to be | the most profitable, and the failure of the wheat crop in the Crenesset- Valley has proved the wisdom of the ad vice The potato with us is an important crop. It is found every day of the year upon the tables of the rich and poor, and is at <n :e a luxury and a necessity. In n» part of the country is it grown no extt naively, we think, as around Rochester. Immense quautitics are shipped every year to New York, as far west as Chicago, and to most of the large cities of Canada West. No crop (ex cepting fruit) pays as well, lu 1854 they averaged one dollar per bushel; in 1855, fifty cents; in 1856, one dollar and at thj present time are selling at from three to four shillings Those who grow largely for shipping, generally keep their crop until spring, when the demand is greater and the price higher than iu the fall. For keeping potatoes uothiag • qnals a good root cellar, and some of our potato farmers have very fine ones. This is much better and economical than burying them in the ground. For several years the potato rot has not been very serious, though every wet summer the crop is more or less injured. Id 1855 the summer crop was very wet, and probably full one third of the potatoes were destroy ed. In 1856 we bad a dry season, aud saw not the slightest sign of rot. The present summer has been wet, and rather cold and backward, and we Have beard much complaiut of this disease, and observed unmistak able signs of mischief on the vines. We have seen several lots dug on high, sandy ground, and two per cent were affected. On heavy, moist land, the evil is much more scrions. Indeed, we would not try to grow i potatoes on a heavy soil. As one hundred or one hun ; dred and fifty bushels is not a large crop, our readers will have no diffculty in figuring up a good profit from ; growing potatoes at the prices we have named, even ' though the crop should be injured somewhat in wet sea sons, as during the past five years.—(Rural New Yorker. A Chapter of First Tbloff*. The oldest book known to be extant, which has the name of the place where it was printed, and that of the printer, together with the date where it was executed, is a beautiful edition of the Psalms in Latin It was issued at Mentz, by Faust ft Scoeffer, in 1457, just four hundred years ago The most perfect copy known is that iu the imperial library at Vienna; it is printed in folio on vellum, and is a superb specimen of printing. A second edition of the work was issued in 1459, under the patronage of the St. Albans and Benedictine Monks, which contained, probably, the first printed text of the Athanasian creed. j The earliest printed book containing text and engra vings, is called the * Histories of Joseph, Daniel, Judith and Esther,’ printed by Joseph Pfister, at Hamburg, in 1462. It is among the rarest typographical cariosities in existence, there being only two kno#n copies of it— one at the royal library at Paris, and another at the col lection of the Karl of Spencer The entire text of the Bible with similar embellishments, appeared in 1478. Gnttemburg iuveuted and first used separate letters, or movable types in 1492. As early ae 1492, he had printed lines cat in wood; but this was only a small mechanical advance on what had been done for many years. The first on wood, of wtioh there is any CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY. MINNESOTA TERRITORY. DECEMBER 19.1*57. record in Europe, ip that of the ancient ‘ Actions of AL •zander/ by the two Cnnios, executed in the year 1285 or 12*6. The engravings are eight in number, and the size about nine inches bj six. Stereotype printing was introduced into London by Wilson, in 1803. The first tragedy in English was * Gorboduc, or Fer rex and Porrox/ in 1561; and the first comedy, the ‘ Supposes/ in 1565. The first recorded novels are the Milesian tales of Aristides. The first almanac in the Engliah language was printed at Oxford in 1673. The first printed music was in 1603. No more than forty tunes bad been published in any one book before 1594. The first printing press set up in America was woiked at Cambridge, Mass., in 1629. The first book printed in America was the 'Bay Psalm Book/ printed at Cambridge, Mass. The first books of music published in America were issued in 1714 and 1721 j the former by Rev. John Tufts, of Newbury, and the latter by Rev. Thomas Wal ter, of Roxbury, Mass. The first paper mill erected in America was at Elisa bethtown, New Jersey, which William Bradford, Royal Printer of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, purchased in 1728. In 1830, the second went into operation at Boston, the Legislature of Massachusetts granting aid. '1 he first newspaper printed in the New World was published in Boston under date of September 25th, 1690. A copy of this paper is preserved in the Colonial State Paper Office, London. It is about the size of a sheet of letter paper, and one of the pages is blank. Chinese Foot-Cramping. While the badge of the man is in the head, that of gentility in the woman is in the foot. One of the earli est inquiries of a foreigner, when he visits that monster curiosity-shop— 4 the flowery land ’ —is anent this point; and any new-comer from the West, be he never so modest, is sure to watch the pedicles of the first Chinese beauty or ugly he meets. But, should he bring up in the Southern waters of China, the impression (common throughout Christendom,) that the stinted foot is uni versal among Chinese women is at once broken. The Canton boatmen, who are most expert at the oar, are the earliest to hail your approach to the shores, and they show hy their uaked foot that they find it more con venient to suffer this member to grow to its natural size. Aud generally speaking, the female domestics of the Canton province preferred this freedom of nature. With rruth too, it may be averred, that, among the lower classes, the popularity of this objectionable fashion is often but local. Thus, in Chusan and Ningpo, where 1 resided for eighteen months, in 1842 and 1843, 1 can scarcely recall a single instance of e natural sized foot among the women, even the maid servants. But a sub sequent residence in the North, particularly my travel through the interior of the Canton, Kianges, and Chihkiung provinces, daily brought instances of females to whom the undistorted foot seemed indispensable for the sake of livelihood. Hut, as it is an error to say that the cramped foot is universal in China, it is no lees a mistake to state, what l have seen in print, ‘that only parents of the wealthier sort can afford their daughters the luxury of small eet.’ The streets and bouses, in every town accessible to foreigners, abundantly testify how this fashiou is mimicked by all classes. Even among the poor, who are likely to appreciate the value of preserving it in its atural size, there is another mode of calculating the profit and loss of the bandaged foot. When their daughters are given in marriage, ‘the golden lilies' (as their delicate feet are polite’y called) come in as a mat ter of no trifling pecuniary consideration. It is not at all improbable that many who have submitted to the tor* ture till marriage, have felt it absolutely necessary to unlose the bandages and set themselves free, to assist their husbands in the garden or in the fields, &e. Yet, it is unquestionable, that among the lowest orders too, as well as the richer, the custom is popular and fashion* able. In gangs of female beggars which have passed me in the streets of some of their cities, I have seen those whose bodies were covered with rags and vermin, but whose feet bound as tightly and squeezed to as minute dimensions as you might witness in any wealthy family. Not unusually, what to your eye seems a foot duly bound and bandaged, is all sham, and got up for the sake of aping respectability. A nurse in the family in her evolutions by day, will sport quasi-cramped feet; but, when suddenly ealled up at midnight, will expose feet of ordinary and unmutilated dimension. The pre tence is admirably kept up, in some instances, by. wear ing short stilts, with small wooden feet in elegantly em broidered shoes. The writer has seen the part of a Chinese actress played, one of whose chief attractions was a remarkably small and elegant foot. The gait, the manner, were entirely feminine. However, it turned out to be nothing but imitation to the very feet—all performed by a youth ! Some Europeans, I see, who eonoeive that there is no species of monstrosity but what must be laid at the door of the Tartar conquerors, boldly assert that the cramped foot was introduced by them 200 yean since, when they mounted the throne of China. There is not the slisht* est foundation, however, for sneh an assertion. The written accounts of the natives in treeing this customs, go much further back than 200 years One author as cribes its origin to an infamous woman, Tankey, who lived b. c. 1,100. She was empress at the time. Hav ing been born with elub-feet, she, by her marvellous in fluence over her husband, induced him to adopt her form of foot as the model of beauty, and to enforce, by im perial edict, the compression of the feet of female in fault down to this imperial standard. Others are of opinion that the detestible custom arose 1,700 years af t«r her, or A. D. 000. According to them, the then reigning monarch Yangte, ordered a pet concubine to bandage her foot. On the sole of her shoe be had stamped the Lotus flower; and each step this royal mis tress took, she left ou the grounds a print of the Lotas or water lily. On this account, to the present day, the bandaged feet of Chinese ladies are complimented as ‘ golden lilies.’ But another account maintains that the fashion owes its existence to a whim of Le-yuh, a licen tious and tyrannical prince of the Tang dynasty, who held his Court at Nanking about A. D. 916. It seems that one day as he was amusiQg himself, the thought struck him he might improve the appearance of the feet ot a choice favorite in, his harem by bending the instep, and raising it into an arch, in his imagery something re sembling the new moon. How a resemblance was effected it is difficult to imagine. Nevertheless, the oourtiers were eo taken with admiration of this cos tor \> (!) JO SSfy.rW )fsSi l jW \IA ili #■ ¥ tion, that the novel fi rm was immediately introduced into their families. During the anarchy that prevailed at the opening of the present dynasty a notorious robber-chief, who had a particular detestation of the club-feet of Chinese women, chopped off the feet of a very large number of females and raised a vast pile of them. But the manes of those injured yobmr are described not as erying for vengeance upon the bandit chief, but upon the head of that un popular and unlucky Prince Le-ynh, whom they regard as the real occasion of their sufferings. Heaven is rep resented as responding to that appeal of these unfortun ates by sentencing the tyrant to make 1,000,000 pair of shoes for the women of China with his own fiugere. Generally, the result of such binding is, that four of the toes are bent under the sole, the big toe only being left free, and the instep is forced up into a bulge. Ac cordingly the walk of 4 the little-footed celestials ’ is a short and quick step, with a swinging of the arms —pre- cisely as in walking on one’s heels. The Chinese com pare this to the waving of a willow before a gentle breeze l Frequently, to support themselves in walking, these ‘waving willows’ use an umbrella, make a walk ing stick of an attendant, or lean npon the shoalder of a respectful grandson. It cannot be doubted that cases of gangrene nave occurred from such severe compression of the foot; and loss of both feet, or of life, and other evila, might be detailed as arising out of this pernicious rule of fashion. But, from all 1 have seen, 1 incline to the opinion that the injurious effects of life and health from thia tortuous position, are not so certain as has been imagined.—-[Life in China. The sun had just passed the meridian in a cloudles sky ; there Was scarcely a bird to be seen, for the wing ed inhabitants €t the forest, as though overcome by heat, had retired to the thickest shade; all would have been like midnight silence were it not for the shrill voice of the pi-pi-yo every now and then resounding from a distant tree. I was sitting, with a little Horace in my hand, what had once been the steps which formerly led up tonthe now mouldering and diamaufled building. The negro and his little dog came dowu the hill in haste, and I was soon informed that a snake had been discov ered ; but it was a young one, called the Bush-master, a rare and poisonous snake. I instantly rose up, and laying hold of the eight-foot lance, which was close by me, ‘ Well, then, daddy/ said 1, 4 we’ll go aud have a look at the snake.’ I was bare foot, with an old hat and check-shirt and trousers on, and a pair of braces to keep them up The negro had his cutlass, and, as we ascended the hill, another negro, armed with a cutlass, joined us, judging from our space hat there was something to do. The little dog came along with us, and when we had got about half a mile in the forest the n-gro stopped, and pointed to the fallen tree. All was still and silent. 1 told the negroes not to stir from the place where they were, and keep the lit tle dog in, and that I would go in and reconnoitre. I advanced up to the place slowly and cautiously. The snake was well concealed, but at last I made him out; it was a coulacunara, not poisonous, but large enough to have crushed any of us to death. On measur ing him afterward he was a little over fourteen feet long. This species of spake is very rare, and much thicker in proportion to his length than any other snake in the forest. A coulacanara of fourteen feet in length is as thick as a common boa of twenty-four. After skiuning this snake I could easily get my head into his mouth, as the singular formation of th> jaws admits of wonderful extension. ***** On ascertaining the size of the serpent which the ne gro had just fouud I retired slowly the way I came, and promised four dollars to the negro who had shown it to me, and one to the other who had joined us. Aware that the day was ou the decline, and that the approach of night would be detrimental to the dissection, a thought struck me that I could take him alive. I imagined, if I could strike him with the lance behind the head and pin him to the ground, I might succeed in capturing him When I told this to the negroes they begged and entreated me to let them go for a gun and bring more force, as they were sure the snake would kill some of us. I had been at the siege of Troy for nine years; and it would not do now to carry back to Greece nil ilecemo nisi <fe<lccus anno. I mean, I had been in search of a large serpent for years; and now, having come up with one, it did not become me to tarn soft. So, taking a cutlass from one of the negroes, and then ranging both the sable slaves behind me, I told them to follow me, and that I would cut them down if they offered to fly. I smiled as I said ibis; but they shook their heads m silence, and seemed to have but a bad heart to it. When we got to the place the serpent had not stirred; but I conld see nothing of his head, and I judged by the folda of his body that it muat be at the furthest side of his den. A species of woodbine had formed a com plete mantle over the branches of the fallen tree, almost impervious to the rain or the rays of the son. Proba bly he had resorted to this sequestered place for a length of time, as it bore marks of an ancient settlement. I now took my knife, determined to cut away the woodbine, and break the twigs in the gentlest manner possible, till I could get a view of his head. One negro stood guard close behind me with the lance y and near him the other with a cutlass. The cntlass which l 'had taken from the first negro was on the ground close by me in case of need. After working in dead silence for a quarter of an hour, with one knee all the time, on the ground, I had cleared away enough to see hie bead. It appeared coming out betwixt the first and second coil of the body, sod was flat on the ground. This was the very position I wish ed it to be in I rose in silence, and retreated very slowly, making a sign to the negroes to do the same. The dog was sit ting at a distance in mute observance. I could now read io the faces of the negroes that they considered this as a very unpleasant affair; and they made another attempt to persuade me to let them go for a gun. I smiled in a good natured manner, and made a feint to eat them down with the weapon I had in my band. This was all the answer I made to their request, and they looked very uneasy. It mast be observed we were now about twenty yards from the snake’s den. I now ranged the negroes behind me, and told him who stood next to me to lay hold of the lance the moment I struck the snake, and that the other must atteud my movement. It now only remain ed to take their cutlasses from them; for I was sure if I did not disarm them they would be tempted to stiik the snake in time of danger, and thus forever spoil bis skin. Ou taking their cutlasses from them, if I migb judge from their physiognomy, they seemed to consider it as a most intolerable act of tyranny is me. Probably Adventure with a large Snake. DEFECTIVE PAGE nothing kept them from bolting bat the consolation that I was to be betwixt them and the snake. Indeed, my own heart, in spite of all I could do, beat quicker than usual; and 1 felt those sensations which one has on board a merchant vessel in war time, when the captain orders all hands on deck to prepare for action, while a strange vessel is coming down upon us under suspicious colors. We went slowly on in silence, without moving our arms or heads, in order to prevent all alarm as much as possible, lest the snake should glide off, or attack us in self-defence. I carried the lance perpendicularly before me, with the point about a foot from the ground. The snake had not moved; and on getting up to him I struck him with the lance on the near side, just behind the neck, and pinned him to the ground. That moment the negro next to me seized the lance, and held it firm in its place, while I dashed head foremost into the den to grap ple with the snake, and to get hold of his tail before he could do any mischief. On pinning him to the ground with the lance he gave a tremendous loud hiss, and the little dog ran away, howling as he went. We had a sharp fray in the den, the rotten sticks flying on all sides, and each party struggling for superiority. I called out for t e second negro to throw himself upon me, as I found I was not heavy enough. He did so, and the additional weight was of great service I had now got firm hold of his tail, and after a violent struggle or two, he gave in, find ing himself overpowered. This was the moment to secure him So, while the first negro continued to hold the lance firm to the ground, and the other was helping me, I contrived to unloose my braces, and with them tied up the snake's mouth. The snake now finding himself in an unpleasant situa tion tried to better himself, and set resolutely to work ; but we overpowered him. We contrived to make him twist himself round the shaft of the lance, and then pre pared to convey him out of the forest. I stood at bis bead, and held it firm under my arm ; one negro sup ported tbe belly, and the other the tail. In this order we began to move slowly toward home, and reached it alter resting ten times; for the snake was too heavy for us to support him without stopping to recruit our strength. As we proceeded onward with him he fought hard for freedom; but it was all in vain. He was put in a bag, and spent the night in his cap tor’s bed-room ; and was killed and dissected next morn ing.—[Waterton’s Essays on Nat. Hist Solomon tells us that the glutton shall come to pov erty ; warns us not to be among riotous esters of flesh, aud even bids us put a knife to oar throat* if we be men given to appetite. Is there no less desperate rem edy ? Lord Byron once told a companion that if some detni ged would dictate to us how much we ought to eat, it would put an end to half the miseries of the race. Jonathan Edwards we see acting in hie diary :—-I find that I cannot be convinced, iu the time of eating, that to eat more would be to exceed the bounds of tem. perance, though I have had two years’ experience of the like, and yet three minutes after I have done, I am convinced of it. Bat yet again I over-eat, thinking I shall be somewhat faint if I leave off then : but when I have finished, I am convinced again of excess, and so it is from time to time. ,i Jefferson says that “ no man ever repented eating too little.' Sir Isaac Newton often dined on a penny's worth of bread. o Abernethy cured his indigestion, and regained his flesh by “going into the country, where he conld get good milk and eggs and living npon three ounces of baked custard taken three times a day, with no drink bat ginger water On this quantity of food he regained his flesh and uniformly got better.’ Marion and bis men waxed strong and valiant with no food but sweet potatoes, no drink but water, and no shelter but the sky. ‘ Besides brown bread, the Greek boatmen subsist almost solely on their native fruits—figs, grapes, and raisins. '> hey are the most nimble, active, graceful, cheerful, and even merry people in the world.' Grant Thorburn attributes his cheerful old age to the fact that he ‘ never eats enough,’ and thousands of his countrymen are wearing out their bodies not so much by the excess of business or the multiplicity of cares, as by the overwork they crowd upon them in digesting surplus and unnecessary food. Near the Pyramids, more wondrous and more awful than all else in the land of Egypt, there sits the lonely Sphynx. Comely the creature is, but the comeliness is not of this world; the once worshipped beast is a de formity aud a monster to this generation, and yet you can see that those lips, so thick and heavy, were fash ioned according to some ancient mold of beauty now for gotten, because that Greece drew forth Cytberea from the flashing foam of the jEgean, and in her image crea ted new forms of beauty, and made it a law among men that the short and proudly wreathed lip should stand for the sign and the main condition of loveliness through all generations to come. Yet still these live on the raoe of thoee who were beautiful in the fashion of the elder world, and Christian girls of Coptic blood will look on you with the sad, serious gase, and kiss your charitable hand with the big, pouting lips of the very Sphynx. Laugh and mock if yon will at the worship of stone idols, but mark ye this, be breakers of images, that in one regard the stone idol bears awful semblance of Deity —changeless in the midst of change. Upon ancient dy nasties and Ethiopian and Egyptian kings—-upon Greek and Roman—-npon Arab and Ottoman conquerors-—upon Napoleon dreaming of an Eastern empire—npon battle and pestilence—npon keen-eyed travelers—Herodotus yesterday, and Warburton to day—upon all, and more, this unworldly Sphynx has watched and watched, like a Providence with the same earnest eyes, aud the same sad, tranquil mien. And we, we shall die, and Islam will wither away; and the Englishmen, leaning far over to hold his loved India, will plant % firm toot on the banks of the Nile, and sit in the seat of the faithful; aud still that sleepless rock will lie watching and watch ing the works of the netf busy race, with those same sad, earnest eyes, and the same tranquil mein everlast ing You dare not mock at the Sphynx. Reason whit Farmers are Healthier than Professional Men. — l. They work wore, and deve lope all the leading muscles of tbe body. 2. They take their exercise in tbe open air, and thus breathe a greater amount of oxygen. 3. Their food and drinks are oom* — i7nAai«i m i n— - "' Advantages of Temperance. The Sphjnx. monly less adulterated, and far more simple. 4. They do not overwork their brain as much as industrious pro fessional men do. 5. They take their sleep, commonly, during the hours of darkness, and do not try to turn day into night by sleeping during the hours of light. 6. They are not, ccmmnnly, so ambitious, and do not wear themselves out so rapidly in the fierce contest of rival ry. 7. Their pleasures are more simple and less ex hausting. Rules for Growing Old—At the commencement of the Yale College, the Kev. Daniel Waldo, as the old est graduate present (of tbe class of 1788,) thus closed a speech to the assembled Alumni: “I am now an old man. I have seen nearly a centu ry. Do you want to know how to grow old slowly and happily. Let me tell you. Always eat slow—masticate well. Go to your food, to yonr rest, to your occupa tions, smiling. Keep a good nature and soft temper everywhere. Never give way to anger. A violent tempest of anger tears down the constitution more than a typhus fever. Cultivate a good memory, and to do this you must always be communicative ; repeat what you have read, talk about it. Dr. Johnson’s great me mory was owing to his communicativeness. You young men, who are just leaving eullege, let me advise you to choose a profession in which you can exercise your tal ents best and still be honest. The best profession is the ministry of the Go.-pel. If you have not taleuts enough to be a minister, be a lawyer—but be an honest lawyer. Pope’s line should be altered to read : ** An honest lawyer is the noblest work of God.” Characteristics of a Good Horse —The follow ing article is worthy the attention of the amateurs in the horse line now in our midst• The New Yor* Spirit >f the Terries gives the follow ing characteristics of a good horse : 1. His eyes even wheu seen in the stable, are perfect ly clear and transparent, and the pupils or apples cf the eyes a*e alike in color and size. 2 On being nipped in the gullet, he will utter a sound like that from a bellows. If, on the contrary, be should give vent to a dry, hu*ky, short cough, be ware of him ; his wind is unsound. 3 His legs are smooth ami clean. If yon find bunch es, or puffs, or a difference in size, though he may not be lame, disease lurks there. 4. If broad and full between the eyes, to? is suscepti ble of being trained to almost anything 5. If some white or parti-colored, he is docile and gentle. Uses op Indian Corn —lndian Corn affords more nutriment in a given bulk and for a given price tbun any other cereal grain. It may be prepared in more palatable forms for the table than aDy other article of human food, without exception. A man may do hard work month in and month out, and live cn nothing but corn and milk. Think of the multitude of dishes—hulled corn in the various forms it is prepared without grinding, hominy in its various dishes, aud then of Indian pudding, fried or simple, and the thousand and one preparations of Indian meal. Then there is popped and parched corn, simple or ground in a coffee mill, and made up into as many different dishes as the meal itself—and tell us if one cannot live well on corn alone, or at least as the basis of all ?—[Homestead. The wild pine of the West Indies, which grows on the branches of trees in hot climates, where there is little rain, has a mug which will hold a quart; when the dew falls it .is received therein, and a valve closes at the top and prevents evaporation. Often are birds 6een to insert their beaks ahd procure water therefrom. To Wash Muslin Dhesses. —Delicate lawns and muslin dresses are so frequently spoiled by bad washing, the colors of finest fabrics yielding so readily to the ac tion of soap, that it is well to know there is a method of cleaning the most delicate material and imparting to it the. appearance of newness. Take about two quarts of wheat bran, and boil it half an hour in soft water. After it has cooled, strain it, and pour the liquid in the fresh water in which the dress is to be washed. Use no snap. One rinsing alone is required, and no stareh. The bran-water not only removes the dirt, and ensures against change of color, but gives the fabric a pleasanter stiffness than any preparation of starch. If the gathers are drawn from the skirts and sleeves, the dress will iron better, and will appear when prepared in this way aa fresh as a new one. Pile Ointment —Take 2 ounces of flowers of sul phur, 1 ounce of powdered nut galls aud 1 grain of powdered opium. Mix well together in fine lard, and keep it in a close glass vessel. This is a good ointment for one of the most common ills that flesh is heir to. We select the following items on various subjects re lating to farming, from the New York Agriculturist The Poultry Quarters —These should be looked after. You perceive the reddening combs of your pul lets, which indicate eggs early if they are kept comfort able. If left to shift for themselves under the old shed, or upon the apple tree, your hope of eggs will he nipped in the bud, if you have been so rasnas to cherish it. Many farmers are resigned to a long eggless winter be cause they will not take the trouble to provide for the biddies. Fowls want a warm southern aspect, sheltered from the winds and snows, and must have it if you want eggs A poultry house ought to be a part of evpry farmer’s establishment; but if you cannot have a sep arate bnilidng, finish off a part of the barn cellar, and put iu a window st the south side, where the suu can look in upon them for a few hours of the d»y. Furnish this room with pure water, gravel, old mortar, or bones, all broken up finely. Put a bed of loam or muck under the roosts, aud see that it is mixed with the tlronpings once a week. Fowls suffer more from the neglect of their feces than from any other cause It is entirely practicable to have fresh eggs all through the winter, if you will give your pullets warmth,.cleanliness,, and the materials to work with Meat is essential. Examine the Roots —The carrots, beets, turnips, &c., stored in thefah should be looked after now Some times they heat, if in too large piles, and decay com mences They should be keprjat a low tempera’ure, and at the same time be guarded against frost. Pota toes at all affected with the rot t-bould be «ss«.Meth and dl defective ones removed. A little attention at this season will often save a large store of roots fr< pi decay. Why Keep Potatoes in ids Dark —lt is often observed by good <U« Uui Uu jjV^u NUMBER U • Uinta to Farmere.