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€lje Cnriqrant Sliii Sanrnnl,
Cirv OF Xnil\G*:R. Dakota Co., J*. T. lu connection with the alteration in the issue of our paper, by which it becomes a weekly instead of a semi monthly journal, we consider a few words in reference to th# present position of Nininger City, not inappro priate. We would attract attention to one main point, via : that the universal prostration of business and credit which has been felt during the last few months over our whole country, from the geueral government down to the humblest citizen, has failed to interfere with the growth and prosperity of our town. During the whole of 1857, we have gone* on uninterruptedly iu our c-.reer of increase and advancement. Certainly two-thirds, possibly four-fifths, of all our buildings have been erect ed since the opening of last year. If such has been the result during a period when the cry of distress was heard not only from our own land but from the whole civilized world, what will we beable to do when confidence is once more established in financial circles, and business and enterprise once more resume their accustomed activity. Certainly our suc cess must prove ten-fold. The late crisis has been the poiis ashiorum of empty and unsubstantial operations. They are wiped out of ex istence. Those are considered reliable that have held their own. What must be said of our locality that dur ing the whole period of the crisis weut on steadily and persistently, to such a degree, that it became a subject of remark not only to individuals visiting us, but to the press of au adjoining town, which was forced to admit that we seemed unaffected by the fearful condition of the tunes. Next year will, we have every reason to hope, open with a very large emigration. Why do we think so? First, because the crisis lias shaken down those substac tantial features iu which alone the East was thought to have exceeded us. The feeling of confidence and re liance in eastern securities previously existing, has beeu weakened forever Stocks have become a myth. The best names have gone by the board. Real estate has turned out unsaleable. Three per et. per month is seen walking the streets of New York and Philadelphia, and even the wildest and most contemned features of western speculation are brought home to the doors of the con servative eastern population. What next ? The West has contrasted during all the crisis most favorably with the East. It has been full of material wealth while the Atlantic coast was starving. Its business men and its backs have alike held their own, while the most sacred commercial names of the East, and its oldest and staunchest institutions have gone down, many of them forever. The body of the emigrants to the West are men of intelligence and observation. Men who think and rea son for themselves. They will note all these circum stances closelv- They will say to themselves : this be rated West has stood the crisis better than we have. They will ask themselves: why these efforts to tran sport to our cities the overflowing productions of the great West ? They will reason thus, where food is in abundance, life is certain, and success highly probable. They will go farther, and conclude that where the earths’ productions are in abundance, labor must have been required to develop them, and that as the West is proverbial for its scant population, the importance of the laborer must have increased with the demand for his services. They will probably also weary of the uncer tainties and vicissitudes of a life dependent upon the fluctuations of commerce or manufactures. They will perceive that while their ships rot in their harbors, or their machinery lies idle in their mills, that they them selves are thrown upon the face of the world helpless and hopeless. They will say to themselves that the West, and its broad acres alone, offer a certain subsistence, and a means of wealth to the industrious. Agriculture, they will perceive, can be affected only by violent wars or the more violent manifestations ot Provi dence, while at the worst, at the very worst, the pro prietor can pluck enough from his provisions to afford the means of life. Not so in commerce or in mauufae- lures. The downfall of one man will involve hundreds, oav thousands, in irretrievable ruin and want. The cost- wheels are not more a part of the machine than are the operatives that work upon it. Again, the reflective man will say to himself: What is all this boasted superiority of the East ? In what does it consist? in stability? Three per cent, per month sits in high places in Wall street, and the best property in the community is offered unbidden for. In the means of success ? The people are universally in want. High and low are alike distressed. We have line horses and glittering equipages, and great parties, hut the pageant is of pasteboard and paint;—the apple is rotten at the core j —there is no reality in it. The Jews and the Shylocks own the Fifth Avenue. Even our great banks and railroads are a mass of splendid ap pearances. In vhat does the East excel the West? In what does it fall below it? In a crowded, festering, degraded, impoverished, malcontent population. In a community where failure has disheartened enterprise, and poverty has deadened ambition ; where the high places are all filled, and the low ones alone are open. According to Mr. Pease, fifteen hundred virtuous wo men in New York city have, siuce the crisis commenced, been driven to the walks of vice, as the only avenue in which to find the means of life. The man of enterprise and intelligence will gather together his household goods, with the opening of spring, and betake himself to the great West. There is no doubt that we will have a larger emigration, and of better materials than has been known for many years past, and there is likewise little doubt that we of Min nesota, will receive a large proportion of this emigra tion. Our mild winter will prove of great advantage to the Territory. Hundreds and thousands of letters will be going eastward this winter from our citizens to their friends, descriptive of the mild opeD weather we have been enjoying, and these letters will be more readily believed, aud will have a more direct influence than all the newspaper articles than can be published. More over, there is no doubt that the climate of Kansas is a very unhealthy one. Those who regard health as the principal requisite to happiness, will not emigrate to a country where bilious disorders are universal. It is also highly probable that the present political difficulties will culminate in civil war, and will make that Territory anything but a desirable place of residence. if Minnesota receives, as we think we have shown is highly probable, a large emigration, our city will, with out doubt, have a large portion of it. \\ e are as widely known, if not more widely known, through the East, than any other town in Minnesota. Last spring Nm inger City bad many disadvantages to contend against. Its levee was in a very imperfect condition. Its mam avenue was not yet opened. Its port was with trees, arul out of the hundred buildings contained in the town, not more than two or three were visible. The captains of steamboats, some of them since discharged for drunkenness, were in the hebit of telling their pas sengers that the buildings they saw constituted the whole city. Hundreds who had left the East with an inclination towards visiting and locating in our place, were thus turned aside. Moreover, we had close under our right arm an intelligent neighbor who made it her principal business to disubuse the public mind of the prevalent idea that Nininger City was about to become a place of importance. But against all these obstacles, and in the face of the worst financial era our country has ever known, our town has gone on steadily. Next spring, under our charter, our workmen will be at work extending our levee and grading our streets. A considerable part of our buildings will be perceptible frost the river j our V \ SATURDAY, JANUARY 13, 1858 Nininger City. grist-mill will be rearing its front on our levee ; the magnificent residence of Mr. Donnely, the finest perhaps ; in the Territory, will be seen plainly iu the back-ground j! and more than all, those parties who bought lots subject to hundreds of thousnuds of dollars worth of improve- j meats, will be bestirring themselves to erect the neees-1 Bary buildings before September next, the time when most of the improvement clauses expire. Who can doubt for our town a rapidity of growth greater than that which has already takeu place. We would lay it down as a proposition, that in the period of sixteen months of our existence, we have grown faster thuu any town started in the western country has beeu known to grow during the same length of time. We challenge contradiction to this statement. Secondly, we assert that this startling growth has taken place during the worst financial period ever known in the United States. What conclusion could be deduced from all this, but that upon the return of good times, we shall exhibit a still more accelerated growth, aud hold forth to the great West an instance of advancement and prosperity hitherto without parallel. All through our town we hear of persons who are j coming out with tbo spring; cousins, brothers-in-law, sonsy scns-in-law, &c. We have no doubt that the mere j additioapuf these who have thus announced their inten- j tion to come among ns, would alone double our popula- j tion, independent of those who, wandering up the Mis sissippi in search of a home, will select our beautiful, prosperous and healthful locality for their residence. i Again, we ask any one to peruse the advertisement of the Nininger and St. Peter Railroad Company, and say whether the advent of better days will not put into execution a plan which in theory is entirely feasible, and which needs but prosperity in the community, and energy in its managers to set fairly in motion. The crisis which had sent the Illinois Central Railroad Company to assignment, necessarily broke down for the time all lesser railroad speculations; but we arc still strong in our faith that the Nininger and St. Peter Rail road will be the first one built in Minnesota Cause and Effect. To the Editor of the Emigrant Aid Journal; Sir : In an article iu your last week’s issue, where ; a business firm in Hastings is represented to be in the \ habit of speaking ironically of Nininger, I was pleased j to notice that the people of Hastings as a body were j not presented in the same light. When Nininger first sprung up Hastings was benefited by a set of fresh cus tomers, and now that circumstances favor Nininger is it to be wondered at that owing to the loss of this support a little feeling should be manitested by a solitary firm ? The inhabitants of Hastings as a body possess sufficient shrewdness to know that the depreciation of property aud the scarcity of money there is not to be attributed to the rapid building up of a new* town adjoiuiug it half so much as to the general revulsion. The rise of Niu- 1 inger (stimulated by the moderate price of building ground and the pending obligations to build) is to many of the poor people of Hastings a material benefit They are thereby afforded an effectual argument against high rents and inflated prices for building lots. An effectual obstacle is now iu the way of rack rents, and fancy prices for building ground, which is tending gradually to make Hastings property holders more rea sonable, for both parties know that Nininger possesses the same advantages of river and back country to build it up, and that it is ridiculous to endeavor long to main tain higher rates at the one place than the other, more especially as intending settlers are now scrutinizing mat ters very closely before they purchase, and the proprie tors of Hastings arc waking up to this fact, and not un j mindful of the adage, that • half a loaf is better than un i bread.’ Fair Play. , Nininger. Jan. 12, 1858. !.»»■ For the Emigrant Aid Journal. An Evening on (lie Vermillion. It may not be known to your readers East, how our settlers away from the towns and cities, pass their whiter months to make them pleasant. A week ago I was invited to spend a day with a friend residing in the Ver million Valley, and embraced the opportunity to sec farm life in a Minnesota winter. The weather was jus 1 such as to make a few hours’ ride agreeable, and a little more snow would have made the roads equally so. l>ui in spite of the Eastern accounts the weather has not been cold, nor the snow deep enough to cover the earth. After getting on the prairie, the immense waste before us, scarce broken by a settlement, seemed to speak of a desolation that had fallen upon the land that was so enchanting in beautiful flowers and carolling birds a few weeks previous. Now the roses had given place to the dead grass that covered the bare ground or protruded through the thin patches of snow which had withstood the warm rays of the sun, and the dead silence was un broken by even the tiniest insect. It might have been grand with an entire spotless covering; but there was no poetry in the sedgy patches of ground, or the twist ! ed liiubs of the few stunted oaks that broke the expanse. How uninviting thought we, as we hurried along as fast as the nature of the road would permit, to the point of our destination. Even the fences, which we began to approach, made the gloom deeper, divested of the rich treasures which they were placed there to guard. And now we are at the door of our friend’s log cabin. A cheerful welcome from him, and the noisy greetings of the children, iu which the house animals all took part, unrepressible by the subdued admonitions of the good dame, told how gladly they met, their neighbors, and at once made me feel at home. A cheerful happiness pervaded the whole scene now. The duties of the field were over, and the profusion of their rich gifts heaped in the barn, store house and cel lar, and in stacks around the premises, plainly showed the propriety of the rest which the fields were partaking. An hour’s chat with the host made me acquainted with the success of the summer’s work, by which they had a large supply of stores for man and beast, and.to exchange for other necessaries. The plans for the future were explained, and the calculations entered into, that, would consummate the hopes with which they began their life in the wilds of Minnesota. By this time the evening meal was ready, for which the drive over the prairie had given me an appetite al most voracious. After partaking of the substantial* and dainties so nicely prepared by the lady of the house, the never-failing accompanied out West—a good smoke —was indulged in. I spoke of the absence of neigh bors, and inquired about the intellectual training of the children. I was informed that they had a good school house, an excellent teacher, and an attendance of up wards of twenty scholars. They had social gatherings weekly, and neighbors were near enough to make visits of easy occurrence. I was then informed that they had a Lyceum in successful operation, which met that even ing at the school house. At the hour for meeting I accompanied my host to the school house, something less than a mile distant ; on entering we found a room well filled with the enter prising settlers of that beautiful valley, and with them their wives and some of the young folks. Ac interest ing conversation was partaken in by all present, shewing the intellectual character of the people. Punctual at the hour, the President, John McKay, Esq., called the meeting to order. After some preliminary business connected with the Society, the question for discussion that evening was stated It was in relation to the en tire freedom of the public lands, in limited quantities, to actual settlers. For two hours the subject was dis cussed in a masterly manner; almost every ruau in tin room had something pertinent to sav, aud all be!raye< a clear understandiug of the subject, and showed the} had read and studied the matter as peculiarly affecting their interest. The decision according the lands to tin settler as his right, free of all demands, except for ac tual expense incurred for surveying, registering, and tin like, was emphatic, and so would it be through the West and also the whole nation, if once submitted to tin opinion of the people. The mental exertion produced a gratifying affect: INTENTIONAL DUPLICATE EXPOSURE Jim **4# Fair Play Tll E EMIGIt AN T AI D .1 UUItN AL . every eye whs bright with intelligence, und the faculties were awakened to activity, and prepared to take further interest in the subjects for ensuing meetings. All the emulation there appeared to be, was to gain the opinion of the members of the meeting, but it was as zealous as though the world was to judge. All then separated looking forward to the next gathering with pleasure. Just so, I understand, are the settlers in every dis trict engaged. Tin ir books and papers also showing that t! e people of Minnesota, rank second to no other State in intelligence and mental ability. A ride hack by moonlight atter the pleasant hours speut among the farmers, entirely changed by medita tions as I took in the scenes that had seemed so cheerless before. Faith aud h»pe were now busy, and the life and animation just witnessed, multiplied themselves a thousand fold over the ground that sedgy and dead as it now seemed, would yield flowers of beauty, and have songsters of life, in the awakening hours of sprihg. How certain now it seemed to tn?,'‘%4iw the anticipa tions that were so comforting to these happy toilers; they had one by one settled down in the .certain hope that, like themselves, there were others, whom they had I.;ft behind, whose destiny was to be wrought put in' bringing civilization, with all its blessings, where God had prepared so rich a soil and healthy and invigorating a climate, such as they had. I felt impressed that iT even the winter scenes of prosperous life, and friendly oveuing gatherings, Were understood as they were wit nessed by mo, some of those whose backs are bowed down continually to gain a pittance that never increases, would leave the East and hie them here. I have returned to my own home, perfectly satisfied that the farmer’s season of leisure, rest, improvement and enjoyment, is the winter months, over which there is so much wasted anxiety by real or pretended friends at the Hast. » C. Nininger, 1858. yt.. ihuovlng a Location. In locating at the We it there arc many things to be considered besides the latitude. It is certaiuly prefera ble to come to a healty and invigorating climate even if attended by long winters, than to be exposed to the deleterious influences inseparable from the mild regions of a new country, where, besides the danger to life, a feeling of lassitude unfits the system for pleasure in any kind of effort. In this view, how much better to enjoy a continuous round of bappy days in Minnesota, unaffected bv fear of injured health, than to fritter | away a short and miserable life, in the unhealthy dis tricts, because warm and rich, in the generality of the states a little south of this? A mild climate is one of the most enticing baits to lead hosts of thoughtless emigrants to destruction, as the hundreds of connecting evils are not understood until the mischief has been | wrought upon them. There are, at this moment, thous ! anus of persons in Minnesota, who have fled from such localities to recruit their enfeebled bodies, or save the remnant of their amilies from the poisouous at mosphere of those places where they have no winter of any duration, and where it is spring or summer all the time. Ask auy of these, to whom we refer, and their testimony may be relied on; «bey would seek the rigorous winters of the north pole in preference to the best district where the climate is so inviting to the ig norant emigrant on account of its freedom from cold. There are, besides climate and health, many other motives that should actuate the emigrant. With but scanty means, the cost of getting a first start is one of great magnitude. In Minnesota there are nearly eight millions of acres ready for pre-emption at sl-25 an acre, a large portion of this is equal to the best now i iu the hands of settlers, ana a good share of it, is near flourishing towns and settlements, and in proximity to the large navigable rivers of the State. But few of ; the lan Is taken up are in the hands of speculating com panies : none at a’l, compared with those of auy of the rest of the West. A law will be enactea this year by Congress, there is no doubt, giving the alternate sec tions on the lines of the great raihoads. to actual set tle! s, and all future legislation on the public domain will be to keep the soil here for the settlers, and from i the blighting effects of land monopo’ies. The richness of the soil, and facility of raising all the products of the Eastern and Middle States, remain unquestioned, and the agricultural wealth of Minnesota will yet be the wonder of the north-west. After securing a tract in a proper locality with all the attending benefits of healthy climate, navigable streams, and convenient towns, there may yet be many drawbacks to the success of the settler. To mention one illustration wil* verify this, aud may suggest other like instances. On the Missouri River, as far up as navigable, and west of its banks, through Kansas and Nebraska, timber is very scarce—in places materials for building are not to be had at any price, and must al ways he excessively high priced. Wc have already spoken of the cost of lumber in the river towns in Kansas, being as high as 90 to 100 dollars per M feet, and higher in proportion to the dis tance from th ?se groat highways. Most of it is taken from this region or from Maine, and transposed up the Missouri river, at great trouble and cost. In Nebraska they fare no better iu this respect, as wc learn by the Florence Courier , printed in a town the most eligibly situated to afford lumber at the cheapest rate. From an advertisement in th® pap n r we quote the prices there last month, which are claimed to be lower than ever offered before ; we place beside them the prices lately ruling at the Eagle Mill in this town : At Florence, Flooiing S7O ; at Nininger, S2O ; “ Clear boards, $75 ; “ S2O; “ Shingles, $9 ; 44 $5 ; “ Lath, $9,50; “ $2,25; From these prices it will be seen that a house costing but one thousand doMars here, or almost anyplace in this State, would cost over three thousaud dollars at Florence, Nebraska ; more still in Kansas. And what advantage does tRc settler have there over those here, that lie should pay such a large difference for one ! item of his expenses? It would be difficult to tell, j When barns, and other outbuildings, fences, &c., are added to a farm, if given to the party, instead of paying thirty to one hundred dollars an acre, as they were lately compelled to in any convenient district, he must needs be rich to make a beginning at fanning. With a quarter of the sum thus expended, he would be qually 1 well provided with a farm and all ica appurtenances that 1 could be procured within a few miles of any of our | thriving towns on the Mississippi or Mipsesota Rivers , for five or ten dollars an acre. Nininger, 1858 Such arguments as these are not to be slighted, eveu if tho more serious ones referred to, are overlooked. There are hut few emigrants rich enough to hazard an undertaking that requires so largo a sum to secure a plot of ground and shelter, at the oiitse*, with propor tionate expense at every turn, until he can begin »o realize something from his farm. Five hundred dollars might answer an emigrant to begin his life in Minnesota where two thousand would be necessary in the above Territories to accomplish the same result. And after all, those who go there may do well, but it only proves the certain success attending those who come to the citato of Minvesota. Cheerful Aspect of' the Times. The accounts from the East are daily assuming a more favorable aspect for returning prosperity. The resump, tion uf specie payments by the New York and New England banks have been followed by no unpleasant consequences. The Pennsylvania banks are preparing to follow euit. Confidence in their stability had so ma tured, that the mils were accepted as readily as the coin before resuming. Almost a!! the discredited banks are being placed on a good footing. We understand that the wilu-cafc money—such as the Nebraska bills —is even beginning to receive favor,; the Florence bank is said to be redeeming its bills with gold at Hock Island. i t-yy ii.»i A u a ■•a”' Wv state these fastens indicating that the returning tide of prosperity is likely to be as su.ibhyi and powerful as the revulsion :it tniy Ibc.flcecs-ary yyn rg« a degree of caution lest it produce jfcyuhs in its too e ger welcome. A bcttcrNstjite of feeling ex ists in our own State, and congietuhitiAus ure exchanged that the dead Weight is being removed*and by the open: iug of navigation scarce a shadow ofitlty <leprc..-!don with be noted. Thatthero la to bo ft large unrighere is dependent on no •urafre~4t neats oil tW preparations j of the parties who arc now making rewfy for tLa-ir start' hither. , q/ Senator Sewurd, twi ago, in a debate In tjje Senate, on the Tariff qaezjjipjb accurately predicted the late commercial troubles, and |he . exact period of their occurrence. In the ' late disc*spi|p «n the Treasury Note Bill, the honorable the .follow ing remarks: * r - ~ /• yln my judgment, the occelcratipgijftlL business^ hu going tor be rapid just in'proportion to ly wifTi whies business iMndeclined ; and ex pent to seh every day, and every of every dny,^uytrited by u rise in the prosperity of the couhtfy, graduated juafc exactly by the suddenness Of the depression. »Tha 0s use.? of the disaster are gone. 1 think there is nothing before us but a great revival of business and pdetjiovn uf uioucy to revive it in all departments. I’ may oe mistaken in this, but lam willing to stand by it.”- ’ . The same opinion was expressed .Jay-President Bu chanan in his Message, and his opinion is valuable, as he has seen the country several limes ..convulsed by like commercial panics £ Gqv. Medary, in his Message, re ferring to the crisis ip its bearing on i our State, said ir would be but temporary. And the'opinion of these distinguished parties- is unanimously sustained by all the eminent men of the country, and is verified by the present movements of the great eastern markets. Money commanded three per cent, a month there, lately, but the high quotations are only nominal at present. The U. S. government can command money aud ouiy pay 5 per cent., and on sitisfactory security it is readily at tainable at 6 and 7 per coot, per annum in market; - A little more confidence is all that is requisite, now, to' set afloat the senseless hoarding*, going, on for the last, few months; this feeling of confidence is being strength ened day by day, as the resumption of business of all kinds proves. There is yet fifty million dollars worth, of domestic produce to be shipped to New York city to make good its average receipts. With the opening j of spring this additional amount will have to be moved forward, and its effect will bo to draw a large extra amount of money to the West. The accumulating gold in the city banks will have to seek a western field for investment. Aud the bank bills which have been all the time cm a par with gold, notwithstanding the outcry against them as the author of the (roubles, will keep the currency as large as usual, and thus prevent any disastrous change in the relative prices of real estate, products, and money. When the point of confidence is reached that will; allow of the usual course of business, there will be up | unaccountable amount of money come to light iu the West that is foolishly hidden awvy iu small sums by every one who chanced to have it when the cra.Ji came ' It is , useless to expect to see it set afloat until credit is again established at the East. Only a few more weeks can ( intervene before the occurrence of that event, and oui temporary di'bculties will vanish like the dew before the summer’s sun. [From our Boston Correspondent.] Boston, Dec. 26th, 1857. Mr. According to the good ‘old farmer’s; Almanac,’ for the'year 1857, winter is? put down as corn- j tnencipg just twenty-six days ago, but, in reality, to-day ; is the first that begins to approach anythiug like winter, i December* tbps far, instead of keeping up hi? reputation j for a surly* blustering old fellow, has been very uiild j aud genial in his bearing, and so different from bis usua conduct that we really began to think he had mended his manners immensely. But today he has ‘fallen from grace,’ and resolved to have at least, one spree be fore he bids us farewell, has gone off on a regular ‘ blow.’ Out of doors he seems to be having a jolly good time, covering everything with snow, and sending the wind in fitful gusts through the streets, over house-tops, down chimneys,—shaking the windows, rattling the blinds and meddling with everything that it comes across iu a most rude and impertinent manner. But wc feel truly grateful to the old fellow for post poning his good time till after Christmas. Yesterday was the day so anxiously looked for by the little-folks who waited patiently for a visit from their ever welcome friend Santa Claus. And they did n’t wait in \J-. At sure enough the night before Christmas he was,on hand as usual, bounding over the house-top- 1 , climbing down the chimneys and leaving in the little stockings hanging round the room, substantial evidence of bis kindly visit Christmas is also a welcome day for the older folks, who. as the poet tells ‘ are but children of a larger growth,’ and in social family parties, in-door games and fireside joys, seek to make it a loved and hallowed day. No doubt, the thoughts of many of your leaders were with us here in Massachusetts although their bodies were far off iu Minnesota. No doubt they were with ns in spirit, wishing us all a merry Christmas, and thinking of those i ‘ good old days of yore ’ when among kiudred and friends they celebrated this memorable day. Although a little late, Mr. Editor, allow me to wish all your patrons a 4 Merry Christmas and a happy New ! Year.’ I hope they have all tried to make you enjoy j these holidays, by doing the thing that most gladdens | the heart of the printer, viz , paying for the paper. In these hard times, he of all others should be first remem bered. 4 Owe no man anything, but to love one another.’ I have deferred writing to you fora long time, iu the Micawberish hope that ‘something would turn up’ worthy your -attention, but like Mr. Micawber, 1 have also been doomed to disappointment. New York ami New England bonks, as you well know, have all resumed specie payment*, with the exception of Rhode Island. Things arc gradually working back to their old level, and next spring, let us hope, the wheels of business will once more be moving with increased velocity. Within a fortnight our municipal election has taken place, resulting in the choice of Frederick W. Lincoln as Mayor of Boston for the ensuing year. His opponent, Mr. Hall, Cashier of the National Bauk, was the nominee i of the Citizens convention. As Mr H. has been a resi dent of our city only five years, much political capital was made of the fact; his opponents giving as a pretext for not supporting him, the excuse that he was pot a Boston boy, although, if the truth be known the real cause was his being a Republican. Mr. Lincoln’s ma jority was about three thousand. Senator Charles Sumner, finding himself wholly un- I able to endure the excitement incident to Congressional i debates, has been obliged to return from Washington, in I order to recruit his shattered health, and try once more ; to recover his wonted strength It is thought by many I to be wholly problematical whether he can ever entirely i recover from the effects of those brutal blows which he i received in the Senate Chamber. Physically he looks well, but the least excitement acts immediately upon his brain, warning him to abstain from everything of tb it u&tqre. The Anti-Slavery Bazaar, which has got to be a regu lar Boston institution, is new opeu in Winter street, at tracting crowds of people to its euticing and well filled tables. The array of beautiful and costly articles were never finer than this year. Not the least of the attrac tions are the distinguished women who are present, airpmg which may be named Mrs. Eliza Lee Pollen, Lydia Maria Child, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Maria W. Chapman. Yours truly, Eqiiert. The filibuster Walker was airested by Commodore Paulding after having made a laodiug on the tcrritoiy of Nicaragua. He and the most, of tho men with him at the time were sent home as prisoner?, bui on arriving J at Washington the Secretary of State, C»eii. j ’ fused to consider Walker's <ase. Great excitement has ) been aroused at the South at the interference of the government with Walker, after he and his men were: beyond its jurisdiction They seem now dote Trained to \ have Nicaragua conquered : large bodies oT men ‘tic , collecting at various points- to fee shipped oil for ibis,: purpose. President Buchanan «eems equally deter mined t» maintain hi* position against filibustering that he took in his Message. It ia positively stated that Commodore Paulding is to DEFECTIVE PAGE ———i - - -■— 1 T ’*S be ordered home uud tried for arresting Walker. Cota* in under Chatari has already been ordered home to b$ ; tried for not arresting him before hefeot beyond the jurisdiction of our government. „ i ** Territorial Items. | Cannon City is one of the most beautiful towu sites ia thg Territory, and is well located in a rich and fertile district ; improvements have been going on there while" places of greater pretension have stood still ; there are about fifty ucw buildings there, most of them occupied. A man by the name of Fred Walters, while on a’ hunting expedition on the Hum River, ninety miles above St. Anthony, got bewildered and lost his Way ■utnong the swamps, and wandered about for four days without eating or sleeping, and seeing no tigns of a hu man being, in despair he laid down among some bush es to die; his faithful dog, emaciated like himself for want of (bod, crawled near him, when he seized it and plugged his knife into it, and tearing it to pieces at tempted to eat a part of it, but his stomach was too v .R'r the revolting mess. An exploring party com ing that way discovered him, aud immediately built a fire and ministered to his wants, but as be was .unable to walk, and owing to the difficulty of-t!*vel it *hu not ;rll the tenth day that he was placed in a wagon to be taken home. His lower limbs began to tuuriiiyL after getting home, when he was brought to St. Anthony and had them amputated. J - A project is on foot in Goodhue County to have it divided ; Cannon Falls will be the county seat in the new county. There is some complaint against the town, <>f Red Wing having too large a share of the oovf&y fuu Is. Ctuum Fails is one of the best situate eland most thriving places in the State ; .the facilities ~J«r manufacturing are excellent. Several fine mills, a hotel, j two bridges, and a large number of dwellings were put! up last year. Ex-Governor Gorman has opened a law office at St. Paul. The subject of a usury law is being discussed by the journals of this State; it was a matter that Gov. Med ary, in bis late Message, commended to the favorable oondderatieu of the Legislature. • Two papers in thja State have hoisted the name of (He lion. S. A. Douglass as their choice for President iu l8»>0. Some politicians are so sanguine of his elec tion that they are betting largely on it.. The Rochester Democrat says there are 20,000 bush, of wheat iu store at the mills in that town, and is sell ing at 65 cents a bushel. What a starving condition this proves Minnesota to he in. There are two mock Legislatures in session just now iu Minnesota—one at Red Wing and the other at Roch ester. They are got up in place of Lyceums to prac tice debating. They model their proceedings after the mode adapted iu the U. S. Senate, and have afforded the young men in those places pleasant entertainment Mr. Mark Wright, of Point Douglas was thrown from his team and Had his skull fractured by striking against a tree. His recovery is doubtful. The Hemhrson Democrat says that a fierce battle was fought on the 7ih iust., near that place, between a party of Chippewa and Sioux Indians, in which 25 of the former an t 26 of the latter were killed. Snow fell in New Y*>rk on the 26th Dec.—in Boston here was a cold snow storm—at Montreal and Quebec i degs. below zero, the same in St. John’s, N. 8., and -list in Maine. In this town it averaged 20 degs. above zero on that day. On the 12th inst.. we had a warm rain, which melted thj snow. The estimated expenses of oar State government for the preseut year are 140,000 dollars, and 40,000 dollars for the expenses of the Constitutional Convention. A large foundry and machine shop was recently opened at Belle Plaine, on the Minnesota River. It is owned by Messrs. Wells & Malden, late of Ohio They nkud building steam engines, and flouring r.nd saw mill machinery. A L,ceum has just been started at Albeit Lea. The towu is progressing finely. It was lately made the county seat of Freeborn, but the election, for some rea •on or other, we understand, is to be contested by the citizens of Bancroft. The editor of the Albert l,ca Star says he has had a summons to attend a contested dection case before the Legislature at St. Paul, but it wid be impossible for him to do so until that body ad vances the means to pay his expenses there. What would Bro Swineford have done if he had been elected, is he was up for Legislative honors ? He don’t wean to •ay, we hope, that a Legislator has more credit than an Editor in his district. 4 There’s a good time coming,’ -ricud Swincferd, The iee over the Mississippi, in this region, is re garded as dangerous for teams to erots : the warm sun riys have rotted it in places. On Saturday last two teams, drawing wheat, broke through the iee and were iust, while crossing at Prescott. Latest Kansas Newi. f he Lecompton Constitution, w ith the slavery clause, was adopted by a large majority at the election on the list December. The Free State men abstained from voting, but numbers of Missourians came over and r onk part iu the election, some of whom were arrested :iy the United States troops. v A party of men tinder a U. S. Marshall collect taxes under the obnoxious laws, from the Free State settlers at Fort Scott; they were resisted, and a skirmish ensued, in which three of them "were killed and several wounded. Exaggerated stories have grown out of this, and many false rumors set afloat; it is evi dent, however, that resistance will hereafter be made against all assumption of power that has not baen sanc tioned by the citizens of the Territory. Civil w»t is impending, as Senator Douglas, Governor Walker, and other distinguished parties have declared, if the attempt to force the Lecomptou Constitution is persisted in. Letters from Kansas state that the militia law, which was passed over Mr. Stanton’s veto is inoperative on account of the failure of the officers to certify to its sec ond passage. The bill repealing the act which created the Convention shared the same fare, as did also the re peal of the rebellion act. Gov. Denver deedares openly that Walker and Stanton pursued the right course in Kansas, and that the Prepi dent is much mistaken if he supposes that he (Denver) will not follow their example. Senator Pugh is trying to revive the scheme of Mr Stephen*of Georgia, to pass the Lecompton Constitution through Congress, and after accepting it to refer it back to the people. St. Lauts, Thursday, Dec. 31, 1857. The Republican learns from a gentleman who left Kansas on Saturday last., that the Lawrence Convention adjourned without making any nomination for State of ficers. The matter is not regarded as disposed of, how ever, and the presentation of a ticket before the election is deemed probable. Cincinnati, Jan. 4, I w sß.—TbeSt. Louis Democrat says that passengers report that ou Friday, the 25th ult , nows reached Leavenworth that an engagement had taken place between the troops of Lane, at Sugar Mound, and the dragoons. The officers ordered Lane to surren der, which he refused to do. The dragoons then.eharged, but. were repulsed, with the logs of three of their num ber. The uragoons retired, and sent to. Gov Denver for re-enforcements. Gov. Denver ordered four companies of dragoons to the seat of war, and it was expected that there would be bloody work. As soon as the dews of flic engagement was received the people commenced or ganizing, and were hurrying to ussist Lane, and it was expected, that before the dragoons arrived Lane would be re-enforced to the number of 2,500. The excitement was intense, and the people of Lawrence were preparing to tak • the field. GeU. Calhoun had fled from the Ter ritory. . . j THE CONTRADICTION. [A special dispatch to the Cincinnati Gazette of yes t'-rdax morning denies tk rt there is avjf truth in the fore tjohnj r> port. The St. Louis agent of the Associated Press has been unatde to atteud to business for several days, owing to illness.] We have no further advices from the Mormon* :•t the War Popartment, and the rumor of the destruction of the cattle and supplies is discredited, as the whole force was concentrated at the last accounts with every assur ance of safety. The Administration has not signified nor entertained any disposition to interfere with Gen. Scott’s plan of conducting tho Utah war, and will not call out volun teer!: from the Pacific while a skin for four regiments vf regulars. r # ItarMut* l.tyUlulßre. - Tbp'Lefllbtturfe, hoiidAji, B*ve ously to work, apparently ait gums to aid tbo State in its present, depressei condition. But few mem beta are absent from their seats. Various biffs and prop ujtons are being discussed for the purpose of having the State per form, whioh wilf soon be jmn aws. A bill for an act to authorize the business of banking received the favorable consideration of the House, and was teS'd twice and referred. , - A resolution was adopted by this body directing the covnty auditors to report the amount due from their counties to the State ; aud also that. the State Auditor submit i hesferepaclt*4o the Home.* - v A resohiMi was adopted in the ?en;ttc, "mreetfng™ the Ghs|cnH|r to jay before theui the iutroddi|||'hefdlW tljc Hoard of (’aft five to the feleetmn return*-.. Mr. Dunweli gave notice of a bill to incorporates lfc* ; town of Brooklyn, or West. St. Pauh A bill pissed luetyprializing Congress for the benefit of settlcrs/mi Sioux and'liakota half breed reseAv&ti Akoin.niLHblisli a wagon road from Lake Superior" te Soufh y " In the House\i rcaointioa was adopted. Appointing s conMnitfee of three to inquire into the validity of. tbb severaFi charters granted to railroad compUsMS at the extra session of the Territorial Legislature fast spring, anS that they report ntab early day. Messrs. Starkey, Stevens, and WakefiefcTwere&ppointed. • A Registry La% bill was taken up and di&eusse l and referred to tofe.Judiciary Committee. Senates'Ll!! regulating the terms of thatjlilpreme Court was takeri'up and passed under a suspension of the rules. in the same manner the Senate Memorial to Congress for a special pre-emption law for the settlers on the Half Breed tract at Lake Pepin was passed. A bill repealing the Jaw of I«SG, known as the sbin plasfer prohibition law, was indefinitely postponed. A memorial to Congress was introduced asking for an appropriation of SOSOO to defray the Indian expedi tions to Spirit Lake and Sun Rise. The joint resolution ot the Senate to memorialize Congress relative to the Sioux and \\ innebago reserva tions was passed. -. TheJhUowiug bill creating a horwasding and Com* mission Merchant’s Lien was read a third time and passed : Section L That when any Forwarding and Commis sion Merchant doing business as such, in this State, on any navigable stream therein, shall receive any Goods, Wares, or Merchandize, fr*ta any boat or vessel on such stream, and pay any freight or charges thereon, said Forwarding and Commission Merchant shall have a lien on such Goods, Wares, or Merchandize, for the amount of all such freight and charges as were justly and legal ly due and owning thereon, to any person or persons, for the transportation thereof, at the time they were 60 received by him, to the full amount paid by him there for, as well as to the .same as for his own charges there on : Provided, That in al! cases where there i* a special contract made for the transportation of sneh Goods, Wares, and Merchandise, such lieu shall not be for n greater sum than the amount agreed upon in said con tract. •' “- 1 ' •- - - » Sec. 2. This act shall take effect from and after the Ist day of April, A. D. Ifcst£. , . S | We understand that a proposition is entertained by influential men—in the Legislature and bu’tV>f it—in regard to the enactment of a law to protect settlers it Minnesota, who come here from the East indebted there, from having their property attached for a period of five years. As we learn, only such property as is acquired here in that time is thus to be protected, and only then where the parties Lave not committed any fraudulent acts. The motive is no doubt good, and thousands of the prostrated men ia the East might profit by such a law, but it needs careful consideration. Ex-Governor Ramsey has taken the proper steps to have the gubernatorial election decision contested. Ilia grounds are, that tnc legal votes east for him in the Lake Shore district were unjustly set aside; and tltai in several instances returns were accepted front districts where uo elections were held, and also returns altered after being certified to, to give Mr. Sibley a majority. The lawyers will have a nice job, we apprehend, before we shall know who is our Governor. Summary or Vews, Wagon Boad to tiif. Pacific. —The War Depart ment has received advices to the 10th of October from Lieut Beale, in charge of the Military Road from Fort Defiance to the Colorado River, in which he announces Ins arrival iu California. The expedition lias met with the most complete success, and a fine wagon road from New Mexico to California has been established. Ar. important part of the operations has been effected bv the camels, which were subjected to-trials that no •the? animals could possibly have endured, yet be (Beale) ter minated his labors not only without the loss of a single camel, but they are admitted by those who saw them in Texas to be in as good condition as when they left Sar Antonio. A letter from Secretary Toucey to Messrs. Peter Coop>er and Cyrus W. Field informs those gentlemen that the steam-frigate Niagara will be again detailed Jr. lay the Atlantic Telegraph Cable. Chief Engineer Everett, U. S. N., has beeu grauted leave of absence to give bis services to the Telegraph Company. The President and Secreaary Toucey are both favorable to the enterprise. New buildings to the value of ?!.000,000 were pur up in Chicago this year. Public works to the amount of $600,000 were also completed. H. G. Bulkley, of 'vatamuzoo, Mich., has made a. successful experiment upon a new plan of extractin' Chinese cane juice, apd recommends it to others, as ic saves the cost of a crushing mill, and euables partic provided with ordinary implements to make a full sup ply of syrup for family use ai a very little expense Ibe plan is to cut the canes in a straw-cutting machine, and then steam them until quite soft and press out the juice in a common cider press, and then proceed with tb?- evaporation as with maple sap. The vacant land® heretofore withdrawn from ‘ale or entry outside of six miles on each side of the land-, grauted to lowa in 1860 for railioad purposes bavins been released, they will he restored to private entry at the several land offices in that State on the is?h of February. A shock of an earthquake was felt at Hallowell, Me... December 28d. To those within doors, it seemed like the concussion from the discharge of a heavy csnDci. beneath the building. The first crash was followed by a rumbling noise, which continued for half a minute. The shock was so severe that bricks were thrown frero, chimneys, clocks and other things sin ken from mantel pieces, and doors opened. ; The sky at the time wr* clear, and the day mild. The oldest inhabitant has ney< r felt so .severe a shock iu this region. During the late season of navigation on the Lak* - the disasters have resulted in a loss of 221 lives ana s2,ooo,ooo'Crt .property. An action for debt by a wife against her husband, to recover money loaned by her to her husband, heins. properly acquired after marriage, was tried in the Com mon' Pleas of Perry County, Pa., a few days ago, J«dg> Graham presiding. The question was whether a wife could maintain a suit against her husband. The Core ~ decided that she could, and delivered a verdict for th* plantiff for $2,500. Two brother-, Smith, proprietors of a splendid peso?, orchard near Sacramento, California, have, 'it is said realized between *OO,OOO and $70,000 this year by th salc of peaches. .Washington, «Jnn. 4,1858.— A delegation of twel-. Chiefs and Braves of the \unktun, Sioux and Indians; representing 4.000, have arrived here to m»k> a treaty for the sale of their lands, and to ask that tfc •- be concentrated on the n served lauds, and their cou-h tioa improved, uudcT the auspices of th# Governmco' Four o*her Todi'ato delegations are also in the city. + Every paper we received from all parts of the St ■ shows that the people arc determined to be merry : c i. certs, balls, daucing parlies, iyccuius, social parties, sleigh riding, and hunting and fishing, ore universrdly indulge*] in this season: We have bad all these ec ! :r tain merits in Niniugcr, ami stiii they want more. V dancing party are to me* t tocrether every Thursday nieht at Elfelt’s Hall. The weather is fine—sleighing excellent—and every body in good spirits.