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t'lje Cinigrnut liil ji A.W.»IC D O 1 A L D , 8 I‘tTOK AND PROPRIETOR, IS ISSUED EVERT WEDNESDAY AT THE CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA CO., M. T. AT TWO DOLLARS A YBAR, IN ADVANCE. K%'*—• RATES OF ADVERTISING : . Eight lines, one time. •-•-.sloo “ “ three times, - 200 tggrSpecial contracts will be made with those deairing to advertoe by the je*r THE BLtCRSNITii’s APPRENTICE. A TALE OF THE REVOLUTION. —CHAPTER I. \ ■ ? * 4 - 4 * ? ' " ,Ai j It was the darkest hour of the Revolution for the ; Americaa cause There were traitors in the camp, j though the great mass of the people remained firm and j determined iu the cause of.independence. The British army outnumbered the American forces as three to one, but liberty. was the prize to be won, and brave hearts, led on by Washington, did not despair. What if they wrere clad in tattered garments, and their feet were shoe less, leaviug marks of blood on the frozen ground when ever they followed their loved commander, so long as they battled for the birthright of freedom ? At the period of our story, there stood in the vicin ity of the village of Brunswick, a log house of rather large dimensions, and built in a manner that proved that its proprietor went in more for comfort than appearance, as regirded his dwelling. There was an air of neatness and taste about the garden that seemed to prove that it was under the especial cal* of * teaman, even though eurraut bush, honeysuckle and hop vino, find bnen for many days under the snows of Does whop, r> The proprie tor of the Louse followed the double celling of e black smith and a farmer. He was a bale eld man of about sixty, and his family were composed solely of bis wife Dorothy, and bis daughter Mary, a beautiful girl just budding into womanhood. In his youth, farmer Jouas Hutton had advocated quuker principles of peace, but in his age his sympathies were secretly enlisted id the cause of King George Hi- conduct, however, had.been circumspect, he appearing to maintaiu a strict neutrality :iv regarded both the British and American cause, that, though suspicions were rife of his extending aid to the former, he had, thus far, escaped actual proof. The only person hired about bis premises was a tall, ungaiu ly youth, of about twenty years of age, and who served as helper in the smithy, when occasionally a neighbor wished his horse shod or his wagon wheel tired. His name was Malachi Jones, and he hailed from the Bay State, from whence he had wandered to his present sta tion, some three years before, binding himself to Squire Hutton till one-and-twesty. He had all the peculiari ties of the irfigratory raee of New England, and though, as we have stated, he was tall aud ungainly in his de portment, & warm heart beat under his homespun vest, and he displayed much genius and tact for the benefit of his employer. As a matter of course, he had been in love lor a* long time with the fair form and blue eyes of his master’s daughter Mary, though she had always treated bis case so coolly, that any one else but a genu ine Yankee wooer wouid have left the field in despair. No girl can bear to have it said that her lover is an ob ject of ridicule, and Mary was well aware that tall Malachi—the name by which her father’s apprentice was generally addressed—was the sport of all the young girls in the neighborhood. And yet she might have made many a worse choice, for he bid fair to become a first-rate mechanic, was a crack shot with the rifle, and could out-run, or out-jump, as he expressed it himself, anything that stood in two shoes. He was a firm ad vocate of the American cause, and when his boss was not by, and he could gain a listerner’s ear, he would express his admiration for Washington in the highest terms. h was in the latter part of December, and close upon dusk, when a young man, attired in the uniform of an ensign in the Continental army, and mounted upon a powerful grey horee, rode up to Squire Hutton’s smithy, and requested that his auiiual might be shod iuimedi ately. ‘ Friend, thou seemest to be in somewhat of a hurry ’ was Squire Hutton’s reply, glancing at the stranger; * and as Malachi is busy foddering the oatric, and I nave promised to have neighbor Parker’s wheel tired in half an hour, perhaps thee had better apply at the next shop, which thee will find about a mile and a half farther on the straight road to Brunswick, and—’ „ < A plague ou the neighbor Parker and his wagon wheel,’ said the young man impatiently, 4 As you have stated, however, I am iu a hurry, aud bear important dispatches to Washington, whom ! understand is on his way to attack our cnefmes, at Princeton. May heaven favor the right cause.’ ‘ Ameu,’ said the smith, earnestly. But, as I have informed thee before, it will be impossible to attend to the shoeing of thy beast to-night. It is nearly dark, jwd I seldom protract my labor after night fall.’ The stranger mused a moment, and then muttering to himself, ‘ it is not possible that I can have been mirin formed,’ drew a paper from his-pocket, and handed it to Squire Hut'on. ‘ What’s this ?* he exclaimed. * Something that it would not be polite to let every one peruse in these times; but l have heard that you are a staunch man in the cause of <King George, aud I can trust you. The exigencies of my case, will not ad mit of delay. My horse must be shod, and 1 must be with the British camp at Trenton, by to morrow morn* ing.* The old smith, with an air of surprise, wiped bis glasses to peruse the document, and by the last fading light of day, recognized the well known signature of Lord Cornwallis. He instantly grasped the stranger by the hand, and said that, for the just cause of King George he would neglect every other job of work in the shop. ‘ But thee will have a rough ride of it, friend; the roads are in tad condition, and the wind will blow cold and bit'er in tby lace. I observe the whole of thy journey.’ . , The stranger remarked, that he had learned to langti at such adventures in the camp of the soldier. 4 Ay, friend, hut the night will be black as pit£4 ar hour iater, and if thy beast is not sure-footed, theei tell scarcely reach Trenton by sunrise. However, I Will set that thou sit well prepared for thy journey. A gooc cup of tea, equal to that the foolith rebels- wasted it jtastes Harbor, made by wife Dorothy* eld • w*ni ’ . . , ! i'i biscuit prepared by daughter Mary, will reireah thee greatly, previous to thy long ride.’ * 4 Than ts, kind sir, for thy hospitality, and be assured < that it will he remembered to our coiumauder-in-chief. My business is urgent, for if I reach Trenton by sunrise, the plan 1 now bear about my persou, will place, the rebel army wholly in our power.’ 4 Sayest thou so,’ said the smith, rubbing his hands joyfully ; then indeed f*s have no time to lose. Hallo, Malachi; ah, here thou art. Run up to the house, ahd tell Dorothy to have the tea-kettle singing in five min utes, tell her rtat my friend Ensign Spencer of the continental army is going to sup with us. He has im* portant documents for the benefit of the American cause, and must be iu the American camp by to-inorrow morn ing. Thou caiis’t shoe his horse, while l extend to him the hospitalities of the house,’ and Squire Hutton, tak ing the young man by the arm, ushered him in a tew moments iu the presence of his wife, aud charming daughter Mary. Meanwhile, Malachi, who had eyed the stranger very closely, lit a lamp, aud began to ply the bellows. 4 Well!’ he exclaimed to himself, 4 if *his don’t beat all nature. I thought there was sutbiu’ in the wind, when the critter halted to our place; so I just stopfod deriug the cattle, and sneaked up to the back side of the shop to listen. So if he gets to Trenton by sunrise to-morrow morning, the American party will be in the power of the British. If you are there by that time, by Judas, Malachi Doolittle don’t know nothing about shoeing. Woa —you critter; can't you stand still a moment, while the irons are getting hot ? It’s no Won der you are restless with Ruch a load of sin as you are about to earry. My boss is a traitor to bis eouutryi and I’m going to cut my indentures to-night, and joirt the American army. Who kuows but what 1 may come back a captain, marry Mary Hatton, and then strike a bee line for old Massachusetts. But i must hurry this job through, for L would not like the boss to inspect my work, to-night. 4 There,' he added, as he drove the last nail, you will cast off a pair of them shoes about five miles tot her side of Brunswick ; and then if 1 don’t ealch you, Eusign Spencer, on our old sorrel, I wish 1 uiay be btowed up iu a powder mill.’ Tho wind blew keen and cold, and the sky was over cast with dark clouds. • 4 Shouldn’t wonder if we had a two foot snow before to-morrow morning,’ said Malachi to himself, 4 and I’d rather, by a daru sight, go to lu apple bee or a quilting party with Mary Hutton tucked under my arm, thau take a journey to Trenton to-night. However, what can’t be cured must be endured, as my old school murm used to say, when she plied the birch ; and so all you’ve got to do, Malachi Doolittle, is to play possum, and not give the Britisher too big a start.’ He found the kitchen empty, for Ensign Spencer be ing considered iu the light of an especial guest, the sup per-table was set in the parlor. 4 Rot his picter ! he will be making love to Mary uext, said Malachi, uneasily; * but if he does, i’ll pay him off in his own coin. Ah, here is his pistols and heavy riding coat Well, now, Malachi Doolittle, I don’t thiuk it would be unwholesome to your constitution to jerk the primin’ out of them barkers, for fear matters might come to a rough-and-tumble. So here g->es/ and suit ing the action to the word, the stranger’s weapons were instantly placed in a harmless condition. When the apprentice entered the parlor, he found Dorothy Hutton aud her daughter Mary in high glee and good humor. The repast was over, but the strang er seemed tq be attracted to the smith’s parlor by the bright eyes of Mary, aud looking twice out of the win dow into the cold, bleak night, he gave a shudder, as if loath to depart on bis journey. Tall Malachi devoured bis supper iu moody silence ; but, notwithstanding his discontent at the notice the young officer took of Mary, he made fearful inroads on the Johnny cake and sausage. A genuine Yankee is seldom <?,o deep in love that he for sakes bis victuals; and such was certainly tall Malachi’s case. When there was no excuse foi longer delay, the apprentice was deputed to fetch his burse to the doot 4 , and thanking his hostess for their kind attentions* sad bestowing a kiss upon the blushing check of Mary, he bestrode the animal, and set forth at a round gallop, on bis dark and dreary journey. 4 1 guess I’d better go and finish foddering-the cattle,’ said Malachi, as the clutter of the horse’s hoofs *died away in the distance. rt Old Ball has broke his new cm cingle all to smash. I calkilate I better take the sorrel horse and go down to Brunswick to-morrow morning and get it fixed, as we want to sled some wood frorii the swamp. Suppose you can let me have old Sorrel for a little while, squire ?’ 4 Why, how on earth-could thee go down to Brantwick without him, Malachi ? How foolish you doSal£ to-. night.’ J»» * 4 Well, l didn't know but what you might to use him,’ said Malachi, closing the door behind him, and starting fofcthfe'barn. 4 Consaru his piefcer ( kissed her lips, did he ? Well, if I don’t have a wrestle with him for that trick, ray name ain’t Malachi Doolittle. Jerusalem, bow cold it is ! I wish 1 had my other shift on; but it’s no use to grumble. Old Sorrel, put in the big licks, and you shall be kept on nothing alee but oats and clover for the balance of your material days. And now for a parting salute to the boss*’ he added, as he bestrode up to the door of the house. 1 < Hellow ! Squire Hutton, suthin’s broke loose !’ j ‘Why, Malachi, what is the matter?’ asked tue smith, opening the door; 4 is the barn a lire, or— ’ 4 No nothin’ of the kind, boss. But I’ve concluded to borrow old Sorrel to-night instead of tomorrow morn ing. I know the whole plot, and l am going to take them papers from Ensign Spencer and give them to , George Washington.’ 4 Why, his hojrse is ns fleet as the wind, and ho will 1 1 be to Trenton before tbou art half way,’ said the smith, . with a laugh. < You forget I shod his horse, boss Hutton-' 1 j 4 Well, he is armed, and will shoot thee as dead as a [ nail, if thou dost attempt violence.’ 4 Can’t be did, boss I shook the primin’ from his 1 pistols when he was in to suppert' ! ‘Thunder and Belzcbub—Lord forgive me—but —’ 1 The remainder of the sentence was lost on Malaehi’s for with a wild 4 ya hip, galong Sorrel,’-he was fol | lowing the track of the British spy. CHAPTER 11. i! The night was very dark, and flakes of snow were fall* : ing fast over t ie already whitened ground, but old aor l 1 rcl was perfectly acquainted with every Jnch of the 1 ground, aud as‘if prompted by aninstioct that he was on s j business that admitted --f no delay, it needed but little i! urging on the part of tall Malsel}i to make Mm stretch i • his neck through the village of Brunswick like a grey » bOO&L -i • CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. JANUARY 20. U 55. • ' • : STeUTI ; c nil JhqY - - • - • Occasionally humbler would rein in aud pause to list en if be could Leaf tiic clatter of a h *rto> hoofs it the distance, andf When fiifcct,&ld hear ho sound but the ihoau ing bf the wind us it whistled through The forest trees, he would shunt V G» Lang, you critter, the game’s ahead somewhere,’ Rud the hurt* Wom4l resume b.i old pace-. But this perseverance was not to go long unrewarded; for he Laci sbarcely put the village of Brunswick tjvV miles behind him, when he deberied the object ot hiic search a-short distance ahead, and travelling at shch fc gait as convinced Miu tfiut Ensign Bpquota had JiMle to thank MalachiDoolittlefor his handicraft. As the mat- , ter stood, it waa no great feat for .the sorrel or the ap prentice to reih up by the side of the officer in the space of a few moments. «* jodl Him J* WutT It was tow dark for Spencer to recognize Ms new ac quaintance of thesmOtoery- , p , . ' ... 4 Five evening, squire, said Maluchi, 4 sleighing * til be first-rate to-uioßoiF, if to wmtdottti.tliia way. J 1 ‘Them we'don’t agree, friend/ said Spencer, placing his hand, by : #w»y of.'precaution,: upon,,qpc,of his pis tols for the night, to.jnuMuiud, u a cpw da*k a p4 stormy one.’ eat■ ; ‘ W«B* ’tie sometWug ,dgyk, that*? a & ct » w ' as Malachi’a response, 4 for- a man that’a got a considerable distance to tide. Got a hoe-horse, I can’t see for cer tain. Critter goes kind a lame ; don’t be.’ * Yes, thanks to a bungling fellow who shod him about two hours ago, i shall Dot be able to reach iny destina tion by daylight/ , - 4 Rather guess you won’t squire, at the gait you are travelling now. Trenton ja-a long wr\y off yet, aud its a ,rough road- to travel. NoWj secm’ its you, 1 wouldu’t mind swapping burses, old sorrel.is shure foot ed, and only ten years oßLeoiuo next grass ; though 1 should require a little-to boot, under the circumstaklcds, not iu Continental, but in hard ispuuish, and-—’ 4 Hold ou friend for Heaven’s sake. I have no wish to trade horses on any terms, mad your loquacity is per fectly overwhelming. ’ but one question to ask, Who gave yon the iMoruiatioa tlmt T was ju'ufmPymg' Trenton?' . ‘ Jest as slick as grease, ftquire. You are on our side. God save King George and down with rebels. I am Malachi Doolittle, Jiines Hutton’s 'pfeutice buy, who shod your critter this very night; aud, it appears, it was so confounded dark in lUe shop, that i made a pesky job of it. 4 Pesky job, indeed/ said Spencer. ‘ Why, my horse is going dead lame, and 1 must be in Trentoii by to mor row moruing—my bu&inesß is of the most vital import ance.’ i • Could I not do tins business for you?’ said Malachi 4 You can go back to Squire Hutton’s, while 1 will carry the despatches you bear about you to the British ickmp.’ 4 No/ said Spencer, with a laugh, 4 that would jhard ly do. A British officer placing iiliportanC.jiispiitches in the hands of a blacksmiths apprentice is altogether out of the question.’ j. ‘ By Judas, I’ve got it! ’ exclaimed Malachi, if.struck by a sudden thought. ‘.WovwjU swap horses fok the present. I’ll take your critter back to HuttopVuud doctor him till you call for him,.and lend you old sor rei, he is just as fresh when he,:left the stable, and he cun keep the same gait for four-and-twenty hours to come.’' -• • -v •. ... Ensign Spencer wss delighted with the proposition, and halting at a favorable place, they both dismounted to mi ke the exchange. Bat no sooner had the officer’s feet touched the ground, than he found himself iu the ! close embrace of tall Malachi. I 4 Now, squire/ he .exclaimed, ‘ before it comes to a I worse tustle, I’ll trouble you to fork Over them papers.’ 4 Why, what do yYu mean, you plebeian hound£ fold I Spencer, ‘by tbu'-ftlwitiilg tth officer of King George?' | struggling to free himself from tha iron grasp of the; blacksmith’s apprentice. o f a a v ...i \ ,j, 4 Alea« just what I say, you gaul darned conta.qkareus i tory varmint. ’Hurrah for George Washington and the ; Continental Congress. Kiss Mary again, wfl you ? } Well, Tin not going to be cruel, "but if you don’t frfk | ever them papers in a jiffy* by-the sixteenth chapter of 1 Revelations, l’U make mince meat ot yon!—-1 will, by Judns!’ . . . . , . , t f , 4 Don’t throttle me T’ exclaimed Spencer, (for Ma ladii's gripe at his throat had been tightening every in stent,) ‘and thdy ire yours.’ Hoq fe 4 Don’t attempt tie mime any of- yeuf gaines jou tory varmint.! I can out-run, anjrthieg in our diggings and— ’ r : v livi.-; ‘ Such .ii not uiy intention. There are the- 1 papers, and much good miy they dejiu !* And no# bo Kind enough to release iny oolhir/ t ‘ Wait a bit, ho, voivelrrrflihit mpke all! * and, at the moment he lot go he leaped »t 6 the saddle. 4 Good night, squire, and pleasant- dreaois.’ Spencer instantly aimed one ot his pistols poaited blank at Malachi, bnt it missed fird.' He daiffied it fo the ground with a, curse and Jjuveted the other- trigy ger clinked, biii there was no discharge, i 4 Ha, ha, ha.!’, laughed ‘You’ll find the primin' scattered round Jonas Hutton’s kitchen floor, where L loft it. Yu-hip, ga-laqg iorrel. Three cheeru j for George Washington and the Continental Congress. dt j . CHAPTER 111. . . . . The sun was not above an hoar high, wbea atell sUb* | sided Yankee, mounted on a bony horse, rode up to *be i American liqes, where he was hailed by the sentries, | and to whom be made known* that he had something ef the most vital importance to communicate to the gen eral His invincible pertinacity finally procured him the coveted*audienco with the commander-in-chief of the j American forces, and tall Malaohi placed the documents ■he had procured with so much trouble in bis bands. | Washington 909 at a gfcqoe that, had the plans they divulged been oarried out, the American ar«y would have been placed in great periiv if not utterly 'anothib ated. Of bis master’s show iq the transaction, Malawi Doolittle said nothing, for be was too much infove with Mary to betray her father; hut all other question* he answered with a promptness that proved he had a large share of good sense to make up fur his uneouth- appeSr -4 Ajjd yotr wish to serve th the army ?’ said Wash ington, kindly/ ' , ' .. ... . 4 Such is my intention, your ekeellcncy, if you think my services werthy of regard ’ 4 Wc are always glad to receive such good recruits in the cause of freedom as thou art, The service tbou hast rendered is a great one to the American cause. Captain Doolittle, allow me to congratulate you! foi such is the commission yog hold henceforth »U the Con< tiatetul asm/. Who gave you the The, heart of the Uew made officer, was 100 dull to cZt press his thunks; biii hc resolved to priive by dCidJ, nml not by word, that? be WSS worthy of Washington's con: side-ration. The commander-in-chief saw that sotue iiu uiediate steps must be taken, not only to save l’hilatfol phia—w)iich be learned by the despatches brought by Doolittle, the enemy were determined id possess—-but to aroUse'thc spirit bf the nation, that had nrowtiinik-to \Uy lowest depth of despondency. He resolved to anticipate the British; and eroto the frozen Delaware, on the night of the 26th of December, where be learned that uJargy ■body of Hessians were encamped. He followed up Mp. plan with ctuiueut success; for the atraek being totally unexpected, more than nine hundred of the eueuiy taken prismers of war. He recroewed the river again, jtud.though- his shadow of an army was weary auu ex haußted, ,|ie determined to make an attack on the British force> at Prince ton. Here he bad the good fortuue to, kill silty, and take three hundred prisoners more. This -good fortune served to dispel the glooui that bid settled overAhe American «au*e. i : ~ , , It. is au uuduuhtcd fact, that Malachi Doolittle hejd colonel’s couiiqifojon iq the army before the chare ot the war,, which took place when Great Britain adkifowK edged the independence of the United States, November 30ih/17»2. -* r : 1 On. the banks of the river Raritan, some ten ycurs after.the incidi nta detailed in our story, there stood a fine bouse, built in the style of the Elizabcthiau period —the residence of Colonel Doolittle and family, who was now one of the wealthiest farmers in the whole coun try. He was one of the most hospitable of men, and neither friend or stranger could pass his door wit bout oeiug asked to take a mug of the colonel’s good cider; or if it bappeued to be about, tea-time, a cup of tea, and a slice of short cr.ke, made by the fair hands of his wif- Mol y. There was an old man, too, who sat in the cosiest place by the fireside, who for a long time after the close of the war, would advocate the cause of King George, and talk about having somebody arrested for stealing a sorrel horse—at which his daughter would fflly to her husbaud— but he finally came to tin tnd plenty crowned the hmd of free dom, that George Washington was not so much of u rebel after all. . - There was an old lady, too, who appeared to never grow tired of praising her son-in-law ; and a little boy very image of his mother, who, at the close of many a summer’s day, would climb upon his father’s lap, aud say with a tone of earnest entreaty : , .. 4 Now, pa, do tell me all about Ensign Spencer and General Washington and the Hessians, and how you hooked grandpa’s horse and listed for a soldier.’ 4 Willingly, my son/ the colond would reply, 4 but 1 have related the story so often, I should suppose you bad it by heart.’ Yet colonel Doolittle would repeat it over and over agrin. Such is ene of the many ineitfente connected with the dread hours of the revolution. Al though purchased with the blood of thousands, it left the legacy of freedom to man ; and few acquired greet er fame in the American cause than Malachi Doolittle, the Blacksmith's apprentice. Some Distinction* of Castes. To the Brahmins all uniin il food, save that of fi-dn s and kids, is forbidden ; yet in some districts they Fib readily partake of the. flesh of any animal whatever, if only, as in the case of other Hindoos it be not killed, qrith their own band. The Rajpoots eat fish, mutton, and venison; fowls, beef aud pork are held in abomina tion. Many castes follow the same rules. With some, however; pork is the favorite diet; beef only is prohib ited. Those who shrink from the pollution of eating the flesh of domestic poultry will eagerly devour that of 'the jungle fowl, which differs from the gamecock only id size. All Hindoos' consider themselves defiled by contact only with feathers; among the tribes at the foot, of the himalayas, who are in other re r peots strict Hin doos, this prejudice does n»t exist. Au earthen pot is polluted beyond redemption by being touched Ly oue of an inferior castea metal one suffers no such deteriora tion. Coolies will carry any load, however offensive, upon their heads.; bid them chrry am«nfor a few pices, aud, though it be a matter of life aud death, th y wjl answer you that it .is. the busin gs of another caste. The Rohilas will submit to be flogged within an inch o< their llve9 with a leathern martirgale, but to be struck with & whip or cane would be an indelible disgrace, And very likely to be resented with ai ballet or a stab. Spiritndiis liquors are in general only allowed to Pariahs. In some parts of Southern India the Brahmins partake of them\ without scrqple. Among the Nairs of Malabar,, fha women enjoy a plurality of husbands. Among the Totiyfcrs, on >he Same court, those within the degrees of consauguiiiity possess their wives in common- Many castes are only bo known from one another by the* cut and color of their elqthes, the shape uqd arranger Aient of'their frihkets, or some other equally frivolous ! and unimportant distinction —/rainy on Ca»te. ■ ■ »*<»> ...... ' ; Naauracture «f Tblmtolen. £ Notwithstanding the facility with which the manufac ture of these small but essential implements is carried on by means of molds in the stamping machino, few processes cap compare in ingenuity and effective adap tation, wifchYhft Sheet iron otte twenty-fourth of an inch thick, is cut into strips of dimensions suited to the intended size of the thimbles. These strips are passed under a punch pfo-s, whereby they are eut into dises of about two [inches diameter, tugged together bf a tail. Each strip 'Contains one dozen of these blanks, and these are made j red hot, and laid Upon a mandyel nicely fitted to their ('site. The workman ho# strikes the middle of each with a round-faced punch, about the thicknew «f .finger, and this sinks it into the concavity of the firrt I mandrel. It is then transferred successively to another mandrel/which has five hollows of successively increas ing depth, and, by striking it into them it is brought to the proper shape. This rudo thimble is then placed in a latue to polish it within ; it is then turned oqtsjde, the circles marked for the gold ornament, and the pits indented with a sort of inilliug tool. They are next annealed, brightenodl, aqd gilded inside with a very thin coat of gold leaf, which is (irmly united to the sur face of the iron by the strong pressure of a smooth steel mandrel- A gold fillet is applied to (he outside, iu au auuular space turned to receive it, being fixed by ores sure at the edges, into a minute groove formed on the lathe, Alcyone. M. Maedlcr, the author of the recent investigation? with reference to the central pun, has long been known to the astronomical world as the successor of M. Struve in the direction of the observatory at Doapat. Ilis computations of tho orbital movements of tho double stun ha ye given to hima de&rvedly and the great theory which he has .jpropotftrJMf l is, oqjy'giveti to. the world after a long and patient *axio'nj At tending through uianV yea'll* 'r.Aj-A’tfiihg Alcyppe pS tike great centre. of the composing ottt* astral system, and the direPtV(jfi'o?' , the BtlQ' , s motion, *8 deteimined by Argclander and Struve,’ iff hitiaUgatea these consequent movements of all tbiegtainrjfr quarters of the. heavens. Just where Jrtelft nio ’ ii<»iis should bc'fduud; ’actually eaffjd, "dhil-h demonstrates eiffieV tW froth of the theory, or exhibits the .most remarkable and incredible After s 7 ipq cpntdusien fhiit Alcyone, the principal star iq the grmip'Fictades, ii6w occupies t he' centre of gravity, apd is'at present the sun aoout which the universe of stats copiposing biir astral system are all revolving. ; fi , Visit lo Valley Fotgie.- , ?■■■ Aboqt Mitfcch t?*-hiiylkitt4iup:f > htlsldel* ■phia, a stiisftf ’ ! s^^iSti’ f leives i, thrf rieh and TjoadttfUl ndt ley of Chester, and winds.its way through aJ&p pivinn betwclnrfwh mountains, and empties itMw water into The river. The mountains are tilled vyith iron ore, -and •as'the stream afforded waterpower, tlr<r‘t>ld inhabitants of tbeeohtoy erected at iW m-uth a mill sad forge, and • a few-houses, and the place was known as the ‘ YalUy Forge.' > , T ., t ,U was after the disastrous results, pf. the Jbattler.nf Brandy wmeand Germantown, iu which tlfe Americans lost 2.000 soldiers, whom in their already reduced state they eonld?sd poorly spare, that Washington was forced io give,-; up Philadelphia to the en-’iny, and his dropping and discouraged army to. this senluded spot, which the sufferings of that little band, while* it Jay and shivered there during the niCmoHtble winter of *76, has made immortal. We approached the old encampment hy a road lead ing down a narrow detile which forms the bed of the stream, and ascended to the summit where the army lay, by a rugged pathway which is still to be traced among the rocks, ap i Were shown by our gnide, as wc passed the different spots, where the cannon had been p’anted to guard (9fc entrance. When we rearbed tht summit we found it paytialiy covered with tiees and underwood, yet eighty years had not been able to de stroy the efforts that feeble baud had put forth for self protection; ' There was still to be seen a ditch and em bankment* which at present h* about three feet high. ■ xtendrug more thau two- rmiles around the top of-a hi mountain.' . ; . . , ■ . At flip more open and unprotected points ate still f< be seen five d>ff rebr forts of different 'farms, more or less perfect. They Whre probably built principally ol logs, but. they have long since decayed, and their forms ft present are to be traced .only by piles of dirt which had. been thrown up to strengthen them. The most perfect one at present is still about ten feet high, and probably one hundred feet square, wit. 6 a dividing ridge running diagonally from one corner to the other, form ing .two-apart mentis of equal sue, with hut one narrow ontraqqe It all remains quite perfect, and the wait* or hanks are covered with trees. % tents of the soldiers Wcr ’ niade of poles, Which seem to have twelve or fifteen feet liMip,' built in tfie-ffiWPof a peh, with dirt'Hirown upon thmsmtsido to keep out the atorm. 'Vbeirre maius a refill to ,be seen situated iq little groups here and there; over the ijjylpsure. While down near the old Forge we were shown ah old stone house, about 20 by 3(f feeti v which sirrdd as head-quarters,' : Th ? which Washington lined, sorrotitoJed hy his staff, during tin winter-, | -v Wo outered the with feelings of the deepest emotion, ana examined the room which served the illustrious chief as bedroom and'audience Cteiiribe#*, ' It is very plain, and the fhrnitureTtiuoh as he had left lit.- A small!rough bok in a ddep window >|Jl, wo* Jpqipfedtput as baviageontaiped his papers and writiog, material. Yhe,b° us ''‘ is occupied by a family wbrt take pleasure ip showing to visitors the different items of interest The oM°ce(fir shingled roof which protected the * Father of: hi* Wnuntry’ eighty agi, had stiJK ghplfered the pld headquarters unfit a year or two ago, |t. removed, aud its plage occupied by tin. ‘ . . , . " Tlie graveS of life soldiers are sfill l« be seen in dis tinct dusters Offer wkW* grOtthtF/* bbt are mosi numerous iu the northeast*dhrinß<iii4 wbwo the regiments from the SputbdlWf quumrod,-4#tli having rioted most fear- Jully J«s ,nWe to eqdure the severities big Worfhcrirwinier. , ' !>\ ' A ft was here fhat tfee tracks of theholllfeife eenld Wtraeal *hy tbhh* bloody as they gatlßred.wood 'to WiiWq Hwir aiiaeruble htits. n ;>: And it a* here issail to hare shed while they gathered rotfnd him and nfead for Dread an 4 cfbtifTiJg, and he Itid'hot tie medtre t 6 the mi Yet; :d chough everything it wutr near beret ulna t tits* Friend' dtefee surpriaed, and •WWffliNfe |: F*ke A.nierfcaps will conquer yet, for I heard a whisper in thei woods, and I looked and saW thejr chttf upon tiis knortW airf_hh : liHp^hdtb*»»« - , It gjty hefgedatliwdtnnilklMrwerfni army on to vietmryi but surely U wsß gres»er to the sh»ifered reatr mints of a discoipvpgcd.. ii9gv |ier, whvn tjip enemy was trampling over tlfem, when Congress. epufrJ do nothing'fer them, when Stiirvibg"families at home wvru weeping for their fettWn, theta seemed ho pnwpeot before tbdni bntwiu'raUe defeat.' -ait > Numerous graves Jbeen opened, and the bodies of qave been. remoVed by their friends to ot her hurying-gVo'Utidx in therir I native States. But the poor and obscure BuldieM w4tdfetrti''te iiiaiti, have monuments mom beautiful .than art cap form erected ibflut, for duu* plaqfed of ce llars a fcifenlt, tribufi to thnf wnfeb have been watered oy. thO-pui% dWf generb(ii r and they are ooedwiuinp lining wreaths of ovmfgrNSir above their gcsvgs l j r ' r Rbtcrming Answms—-Hear the storj uf the qbild. which went fertb into the mountain raijiuq. a - Whmt'the child wandered there, he called afoud to break the lone lincss, and heard a Vrtiee wlifeh ’ callwf to him in the same tone. He called' aguiq, and, as he thought the voice-again mocked him.. Flushed with anger he ktukad to find the boy who had insulted him* bni .could nod none. He then called, to him in anger, |nd wi4i abusive epithets, afe of whichWeta faithfullyfejtdtald to him. Choking with rage, the child ratal* its nidththr and complained that a bey ia ihe wood* kfeA insulted him pith many vile words-. ~Kntg t he toother took. lyjr child by the hand and wild: ‘ ‘hese names were bat tfie echoes of thine own voice. ]Wha*» aver ihou didst mill was taturned td She* Uili •*. ts?i2 . - v V . * V. . ' * * ri<fcf' Hadst thou called oat pleasant weals, , pleasant WOids hud been t«»r» dto thee. Let tils by iky les i#*ttrtbN»ugh life. The world will sown bet an echo of tl»fee*«et* spirits flWat thy fellows with eskiiiitiess, *»«4 they frill answer with onkinduess j .with lore, and fhOu shaft bate-love. Send forth sunshine from the spirif/aiid dMM sbalt never hare a doodad day ; carry gbouPtbeq a vindictive spirit, and even in the Sowers iball Thou sbalt receive ever what thou giveetVuad thatdctaa.’ Always is that child in the child. . ::c«/ \ ' <r.oM ncr r. '■ > | What Makes Dough Bisk f —The cause of the r>- ing is’vittouS fermentation produced by the spontaneou* change i>t the giateti or albumen, whichweta upon the . sugar; breaking it up into alcohol and carbonic acid gas. j If thU Yeriilentatino is regular and equal* the l kneading abd intermixture thorough, and the dough-kept suf i liciently and uniformly a arm. the production of#r* will tidre-place ;Oy«ltly<ith|ri)uglM)Ut the dough* jj\*tbat the diw»t4u When cut, will * numberless miuute cayi •did«ejtekhr§t»-.equally distributed throughout.. For its of betug raised, dough depends, upon toe elas tic anti extensible properties of its gluten, which is de jeloped l»y the admixture of water with four. Hcuce f the proper .quantity of ; water is tbaWwhieb imparts to : thurgluten the greatest twiacity —an excess of its lower ing- thp.-adhesiveness iof the glutinous particles, 'the toughness <d the gluten, prevents the small bubbles of gas from unitiug into larger ones, or from rising to the surface. Being caught the instant they are produced, and expanding in the exact spot where they are gene rated, they swell or raise the dough. All raising of bread depends upon this principle—the liberation of gas evenly through the glutinous dough. No matter wbut the mode of fermentation, or what the substances (r agents employed instead of it, they all bring about; the same result.in the same way. Pumpkin Preserves.—The following is home-tried .and proved: . An excellent and economical sweetmeat is thus pre pared i To 7 lbs of pumpkins take S lbs. of sugar, 4 lemons, and 2 ox. of green ginger root, to be obtained at nioßt v groccrs’ stores. Cut the pumpkin in slice's, half an inch in thickuess. and in size and form to suit the fancy. Boil the pumpkin in the. syrup, until tender. Then re move it and add the lemons aud ginger root. These should be sliced thinly and scalded before being put into the the syrup- . Boil it down until it is rich euougb to keep without fermenting, and then pour it. over the pumpkin -If the ginger root cannot be obtuiued, Jeuioiiis alone impart to it an agreeable flavor Suet Pui-dinq — Cheap and Good—r We often en joy a very excellent suet* pudding, so called, which we do not remember to have described. AVe should rather call it a suet cuke. We last evening asked for a 4 pre scription,' and received the following: Taker one tea* cupful of molasses, one of sweet milk, one teaspoonful of soda, and one of salt, half to three fourths : of a cup of finely chopped suet, or a half a cup of butter, hulf a teacupfil of currants or raisins, (if desired.) Stir to gether with, say three teacupfuls of flour, or enough to form a stiff batter. Add nutmeg or cinnamon to suit the taste.* Put into a greased tiu basin, or in a mold, and bnoklwo to three hours in a steamer This comes out 4 as light as a feather/ aud makes a nice dish for the supper table, especially where cream can be had to eat 'With it. Foreign Item. The QdHiris steamship Atlantic, arrived at New York on Tifedpesday, January 6. President Bueli nan’s Message attracted great atten tion ip England. It was telegraphed entire from Liverpool to some of the London journals, doing the longest dispatch ever sent by telegraph in England. /JL,'he Lout Imi Time* says, it is understood that the Company have received formal notice that it ip ihc intention of Government to bring in a bill for the abolition of the double. Government. Tie Club* (min isterial organ) says this, statement is substantially Correct,. •; ; . . , Further attempts to launch the Leviathan were post poned until the Spring tides at the commencement of JanujM‘y r , The hydraulic power was to .he more than doubled. c /rhe £bi£, .remained even ana fair on the wayfc r at high tide bad nearly six. feet of w tter un -e between the Prince ofQrajfUjeand the Princess Alice of England, is said to ,be t«^a%.deatitii j »te of foundation. . , The marriage treaty of the Princess Royal of Eng- Jand with the Prince of Prussia has been signed by the ; Prussian Minister and Lord Clarendon, also by the 4*ptbi*k** f Camerbuiy.ihe Lord and the fifeane4b»rofltho (r Kxcbequer. l A long-peqding dispute between the King of .Hanover k flh»?e%;4•» of ■ om « r at t ofer a to bave becu seUM\ in favon of the claims of Hanover. Financial AjMa»Rß—ln London on the 19th, the fends snare: quilebbuyant under the favegqble returns iof the Bankv »id <moqcy was easy at BP-percent, for the beat.paper In the! diac<*rt>t.m»*rket, aod at 4 to tf per ee»*bn*tie btock. Exohaogo- > V j - t • p Atl Haoiburg, m t fertker recovery pf oonflaence was reported, and the rate of discount fur the beet paper re ceded to between 5 and 6 per efgf. <* , /• & The suspension oL Messrs. Sehwibe & Go., of Glas gow, was . Qn Monday, tbe 2i«t % there was, increased buoyancy on .Hie London Sb»ok Exchange, undri, theinflucnce of tlie large arrival of specie from New the news of the rapid recovery going on at "JJonsols, railroad shares and other securities spared in the op 't* ** ** * -X*- On tfio Stofck Exchange lonns were obtainable with ea# ! iif 4 pet cent. At tno Bank tlie demand continued ■ di|bt,‘ Aod in the dhlfeount toarkef the rate for best bills recededtn ff per . V* - - Ttid suspenhidir -«llbgetider Brothers of UIM wti •«% .tfeeed. Mbbiltioo •**&&*,0001. A deputation' from the GoroHsmetite of Sweden and Norway 4md arrired in London, with at view of obtain ing 6nan«ial »id to thoettent of (itwas OV(W, with which to prevent the permanent of ‘some of tbe extensive establishments which Save lately feHcd in those countries. . k -M «mra says: Little doobt feoihliftgp Air when the Bask determines to redone 4hwf rijfe of <Bs count ft wiU be to 2 per oese, alB the peohfhtltty aenoa to be step will speedily >war to be fejfe Slowed by another of a similar kind, aftbeegh, the tfgg* of'■'tha-lnarkeWWOehd apphbg|^^^pwwßP^B^ydiiw|F NUMBER 18.