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Cljf emigrant liil Sanrnol, A. W. M i v I* # « A E. ® . EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, t 3 ISSUED EVERT WEDNESJ=\Y AT THE CITY OF NININGER, DAKOrA CO., M. T. AT TWO DOLLARS A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. RATES OF ADVERTISING t Eight lines, one time, SIOO “ “ three times, 200 AffiTSpecial contracts will be made with those desiring to advertise by the year. The Mourning Indian. On the site of bis ancient hunting ground. By the Mississippi’s fl >w, At the side of a consecrated mound Stood the dark browed Oseo. ’Twas a fearful weight on his heart that day, And it beat as a knell of death, When he saw how bis tribe were all swept away, As dry leaves by the whirlwind’s breath. His heart swelled high with the grief he felt, And his tears as the rain did flow, And he bowed as the dry and leafless free Bends beneath the woodman's blow. He wept as the broken hearted weep When overwhelmed by a sudden blow, For there all around lay the disentombed, Sad sighs of bis nation’s woe. He drew to his bosom his wife and boy. And murmured, 4 1 know we must die, But Oh ! to be cast, as a dog on the earth, And our bodies unburied to lie. The white man stands by his father’s grave, And deems it a sacred spot, But the red man is torn from his resting place. And the white man heedeth it not. We have fled from before him, as flies the red deer, When the huntsman speeds close on his track, But our graves as his protege we hoped he’d revei e, Nor yield them to plunder and sack.’ ’Twas fearful to gaze on his agonized form, When joy from his bosom had fled, He bowed ’neath the rage of the gathering storm As the oak is upturned from its bed. The workmen, in pity, reburied the bones, That before had lain bleaching and bare, For their hearts had been touched by his sorrowful Which were sad as a wail of despair. [tones. When feeling how sacred is grief, they retired, And left him bemoaning his dead; For he loved none the less, and his tears were as As the tears that his white brother shed, [choice. Blown Away. About half past 4 o’clock the military began to ar rive. Gun after gun made its appearance, aud took up the position assigned to it Out of every gateway from the fort, Europeans and natives were pouring on to the esplanade in hundreds, and from the native towu every alley, street, and lane were disgorging their thousands. All seemed anxious to behold the traitor Sepoys blown into dark eternity. Their crime was known, and the stern and compressed lips of every European present, told how well they deserved their doom. The manner in which they had been detected in their nefarious de signs was subtle and complete, and reflected much credit upon the deputy commissioner of police and his assist ants. Three times had a merciful Providence defeated the plots of the mutineers by the timely arrival of European troops from remote colonies, and while the fourth plot was being brought to maturity, the two criminals were seized. The times demanded that a terrible example should be made, and the doom of the men was speedy ... As the hour of five struck, the stillness became awful; every feeling and faculty was strung to its utmost tension, and the beating^of hearts became audible. The spectacle was one of quiet Lorror; there being none of that excitement which is to be met with at a public execution in any other part of the world. Tie natives of India are not a demon strative race, and they looked on with an appearance of stolid indifference. The handful of stern and determined Europeans had, moreover, overawed them, and there was but one feeling predominant —fear Among all the assembled thous ands a murmur could not even be heard—a whisper VdnW-almost have broken the stillness. The officers trodP£Wng the lines resolved and silent. So noiseless 'tas theiP-motion that even the champ of their horses’ bits and the clank of their sabres jarred upon the ear. f Wfele tH% clock was yet striking ; the brigadier com mtthding the garrison rode in front of the two executive guns, and it seemed for a moment as if all sound had 4ied away. The sentence of the court-martial wajf then read to the prisoners in the Hindustani language, after which they Were ordered to prepare for deat-i. They were stripped of their regimental jackets, and marched between tiles of their European guard to the muzz’es of the two guns. The drill havildar, one of the two, was a noble looking man, iu the noon of manhood, tall and stately. His mien was erect and dignified, until . the men of the Royal Artillery laid hands ou him. Then he seemed to feel that his hour had come, a shud der shook his frame, his jaw fell, and his ivory white teeth were disolosr-d. While the two meti were being bound, not a syllable was uttered by assembled crowd, but a rattling of steel along the line gave notice that the Enfield rifle was being prepared for action. As the word ‘ Prime/ and when the ominous click of the clock fell upon the ear. the 10th N. 1. visibly shook. It was evident that they did not know but that the next moment the riti-s plight be brought to shoulder and leveled against their to ut. Simultaneously with the loading of the infantry, the guns to the right and Ld- v of the criminals were turned straight upon the native regiments, 'fttey ware loadeiT to the muxsle with cannister and grape, and the gunners stood by the guns with their matches lighted. On the ramparts of the fort four T&wuders were also laid and ready. By this time the prisoners were secured to J the two guns. There wa-*a moment s pause, which was bnen by the captain calling out with aloud voice,! ‘ all retire from the two gnus except the two men i vC'H the port fires ;at the word ‘ Fire,’ apply the match, j 'll re was probably a pause of two seconds’ duration ; ■ th a tba word 4 Ready !’ was given by Captain Bolton. Tli gunners took but a moment to blow up their j Uiavohes, but it seemed a long, long time. Übe two | prisouors and the two artillerymen stood as immovable j as statues. The awful stillness was at length broken. | The word 4 Fire !’ rang out clear as a clarion note from j the lips of the captain. In a moment the earth shook ! as if a volcano had opened at our feet. The guns were enveloped in thick clouds of smoke, through the white i wreaths of which little particles of a crimson color i were falling thick as snow flakes. The particles were the prisoners blowu into atoms. —[Dicken’s Household Words. CurloNllleti or Science.—No. ft. Vapor. Whence comes the rain ? Whence are those fleeting clouds ? Whence the refreshing dew ? are questions which are given to the curious and inves tigating ; or rather to such they suggest themselves, in the multiplicity of natures beautiful operations. That there is a constant succession of similar opera tions—causing the vicissitudes of the weather, and con trolling in a great measure the labor of men’s hands— in nature, is evident from the fact that year after year, nearly every section of the globe has about- the same amount of wet and dry weather yearly, and though dif ferent latitudes have different amounts of wet and dry days—owing to their proximity to the equatorial regions —in a series of years those amounts correspond There falls a larger amount of rain under the Kquator than any where else, and yet there are fewer raiuy days than in latitude 60° North. In one place in the equatorial regions, rain falls yearly to the amount of 97 inches, and at St. Petersburgh to the amouut of IT inches in depth. At St. Ptterbsburgh, however, the number of rainy days is more than double the number of rain} days at the Equator. Therefore at the Equator it must pour in torrents. They have also two dry seasons ami two wet seasons, as w« have here in the N<-rth, caused by the trade winds blowing in one direction steadily six months, and by their changes causing two seasons in each. From the great ocean, from the seas, from every lake, from every pond, from every water puddle, there is a constant, irresistible, and at the same time an imper ceptible evaporation. Set a howl of water out in the yard, and in two or three days it will have all disappear ed—especially if the weather be hot. Has the sun 4 dried it up’? Nay verily; it has all gone away in insensible particles, and you may see it in yonder cloud From the great body of water on the face of the globe as a reservoir, is going on the great cloud forming pro cess, which like a gardener’s water pot,’though on a mag nificent and God-like scale, is calculated to dispense blessings to all the children of men. Evaporation is a purifying process; though the waters from which vapor arises is impregnated with minerals of various kin Is, they never find their way into the golden tinted cloud. All is purity there, and rain water is pure water. When vapor comes iu contact with a colder current of air, it condenses and fails in the form of rain. Hence heat is essential to the formation of v;lpor, and cold to the formation of tain drops or snow flakes. Hence it rains very little in sandy, desert countries, the heat arising from the arid wastes dispersing the vapor. Hence it rains very much in woodland countries, from the fact that a cold current of air seems to be iu motion above the ever moving branches of the trees. Hence the eagerly wished for shower often passes off, follow ing some water course or strip of woodland, because of their attractive currents of cold air. Vapor is a complete emblem of life and immortality. Rising insensibly into the etherial heavens, it puts ou a new aud subtile form ; purified from all earth’s dross, it comes to us the welcome messenger, dispensing new life and beauty to every plant. It finds its way again into the great reservoir, ouly to be transferred again to the upper regions, and thus on aud forever onweariedly it performs its allotted tasks, an emblem of death and resurrection L. N. Countryman. Nininger, April 28th, 1858. Tile drent Kerth-WeaiwWhat the Census •f latte will show. The United States Census, which will be taken in 1860, will show the ‘Great North-West’ a republic in itself In its extent it far surpasses the Sotfthei'ii aud Eastern states combined, and the figures will show that in the increase of its population and wealth, it his left all the other sections of the Union clear in the’back ground. - Among the States so designated will number theu the following Ohio, Michigan, lowa, Indiana, Wisconsin, Kansas, Illinois, Minnesota, Nctriska. These States and Territories are now represented in Congress by W Senators, 56 Representatives, and 3 Delegates. Under the census of iB6O, with the present ratio of representation, they will be entitled to 18 Sena tors, and from 80 to 90 Representatives, far more than enough to bold the balance of power in both branches of Cdqgre-s, between the North and the South. Instead of fiddliqg second to the older sections of the Uuiun, and being set aside whenever the honors and emoluments of government are distributed, the world in' r future will know there is a West. It only wants con* cert of action, and combination, if need be, like our brethren of the South, to have our proper interest in all public ufft rs The valley of the Mississippi, and the basin of the great lakes must inevitably be the political as well as the commercial center of this great nation—such is manifest destiny. The trade of these inland seas now equals our whole foreign traffic, a fact which, when late*, ly announced in Congress by one of our Western Rep resentatives, was dispatched by telegraph to ths Asso ciated Press, startling the whole country. . • It is time this Western world threaujffUs awaddling clothes, and began to set up itself. It has been in the hands of gaanliiUßdleßg enough. Uis of age, as we iu the west count years, and its manhood should uow be asserted. <CWe are dependent on nobody for auy thing. We raisfaTt we want to eat and to wear, and have productive resources enough to bread and clothe the world besidej., We have a commerce of our own, both foreign aldhfldmcstic. We have the large* l prairies, longest ntedi, find the richest laads on the CITY OF NININGER, DAKOTA COUNTY, MINNESOTA TERRITORY. MAY S; 1*53. globe. We have all the elements of individual happi ness and national greatness that, any people can desire, and we only need the dcteiinitiation to,e-dsult our com mo i interest aud combine our political power to con stitute ourselves the neuter and sopl of this rising Re pul 1 e. Shall we now break off our vassalage to other and older parts of this Union, and take our position as the integral but independent part of the nation, or shall we continue on as a mere appendage to the government ? What say our brethren of the press on ibis subject ? Let us hear from you, gentlemen. We know there are minds among you that do their own thinking. Let us see if we cannot combine and wake up a spirit in the West that will do its own Acting.—[Cleveland Plain dealer. From Our Boston Coirespondent., 1-Oston, April sth, 1858. Mr. Editor: Our new Postmaster, Mr. Capon, ha* created quite a stir in the business world, "by the an nouncenieut that he intends soon to remove the Post Office from its present location in State street, to the new building in process of erection on the corner of >umme and Chauucey streets. The reason assigned for this contemplated move are the following : First, that the present apartment now used for the distribution of letters is much too small, and the great increase of bus uess renders it necessary to find some more louimo dions room, where the multifarious duties which devolve upon ihe Postmaster aud his assistants may be perform ed with m >re facility. Secondly, that as the busiuess of the city is gradually creeping up towards the south e.id, in a few years Summer strict will by ruu li nearer the centre of the business community than State street. This announcement*has called forth quite a powerful oppo ition from many of our most inflmnlial merchants ‘Jrtho most do congregate ’ in that precinct of,note — shavers and curb-stone brokers —State street. Two or three indignation meetings have been held, and many 8 rong reasons and arguments adduced, all tending to otiVtuce those in favor of the removal, of the fallacy of the Postmaster’s reasoning. As to the real merits of the case, your correspondent is totally unable to eu lighten you, but being supremely indifferent himself as t. 1 the ultimate resuit of this little commotion, he hopes t look calmly upon the strife, ready to shout amen whenever victory shall upon the banner of either of the contending parties, and transmit the news forth with to the columns of the Emigrant Aid Journal. Boston is changing its appearance with a rapidity never before surpassed. Old builuings are being demol ished, venerated landmarks are disappearing, aud new and splendid edifices are springing up. Everything be tokens the march of that iudouiitable Yankee progress which in a few years transforms a village iuto a popu lous city, teaming with wealth and busiuess enterprise, or conjures up towns from the midst of a wil-iernes-, with a rapidity only equalled by that mythical hero of old, who by the aid of a few dragon’s teeth called from the ground regiments of soldiers armed an 1 ready for battle, 'ihe uew block of stores and warehouses just completed opposite the Custom House, is said to be the finest of the kind in the world, it is built of massive granite, covering an extensive urea of ground, and run u. from Commercial street towards the water. The work of hoisting is to be done entirely by steamj aud the other internal arrangements excel anything of the kind in the country. Franklin street is last being con verted into stores. T()e wealthy aud aristocratic fami lies who have so long occupied it, are compelled to flee before the encroacbmeut of trade. Wnere the old Theatre Alley used to be, opposite the Catholic church, is uow in process of construction a uew street lined with magnificent warehouses. I dare not speak of the im provements on the Neck, for they ustuuisb even a Bos tonian, who lives in the other part of the city, uqd who only visits that portion of our metropolis occasionally. Uur Legislature finished its business the 27th of March, after a sh< rt session of eighty-one days. The closing afternoon was devoted by the members to con gratulatory speeches and farewell greetings, in which our late Attorney General, Mr. Cushing, figured con spicuously. All parties unite in praising tLe promti tude and energy of our legislators, who transacted t ie public* business with an uuflsggiug «eal and earnest en deavor quite different from those other bodies who have hereto occupied the State House. The solution of this problem appears to be the new law, fixing the salaries of the members at so much per session, intend of so much per day as forqurly. Now-there is no temptation to proloug tjie sitting a month or two beyoud the neces sary lime, and every inducement is offered for a short session and an attention to business. The great revival which has been going through the country, consequent upon the cessation of trade aud the hard times, has not passed over Boston lightly. The churches are thronged with anxious crowds, both duy and evening, and the mania seems to have seized all classes, from the poorest inebriate who disgraces North street, to the wealthy, though n -t less guilty broker, who shaves notes on State street. Several eminent ministers have preached upon the pernicious influences of this so called • great awakeuiug,’ nfueb to the ehsgr.n of those prominent in spreading the faith. Last Sun day the Kev. Theodore Parker, who preaches to the largest congregation in the city, addressed an audience of uemly four thousaud people at tjre Music who assembled to bear his views qu the present absorbing topic. Much interest Was felt to hear his discourse, as he was one of the obnoxious ministers at which the re vivalists have leveled their prayers apd condemnations. He bold his vgitOiadiipco in,wrapt attention fur over an hour, daring whioh time the subject ot revivalism was treated with great power and ability. Our theatres for the past month have been well pat ronized. Some of the nnest acting that has been wit nessed in Boston for years, may be seen ugbtly at the Howards Athenaeum, where Mrs. Burrow’s superior company cater to tire public taste Light comedy is the attractive‘feature'at this establishment, and from the crowded houses which the management draws, it is a sure sign that the people appreciate the efforts of the company to please. Edwin Booth has been playing a short engagement at the Boston Theatre, during which he fully sustained the enviable reputation he has ac quired. To-night Miss Agnes Robertson, the popular; actress and charming woman, appears at this cstabiisu ment in the character of Jesse Brown, at the siege qf Lucknow, a play written especially Jot her. by Dkm Bourcicault, and which has proved so attractive at the New York theatres. But i fear l am eucroachipg on the limits of your columns, and will close with the promise of another let ter ae soon as anything which will iuterest your readers shall occur, and furnishfruitful theme for .pd! | Your Boston correspondent, ’Robert. lowa, Kansas, Net r I.ska * I .* - • Be Npacliiff of Drugs. pr. O. W. Holmes, whose reputation as a physician runs neck and neck with his 1 terary popularity, in his valedictory address to the medical students of Harvard University, delivered on the lOrh ult., gives fhe fol lowing, we doubt not jndieious advice to the medical students who were about to graduate : 4 With regard to the exhibition of drugs as a part of your medical tie.it meut, the golden rule is, be sparing. Many remedies you give would make a well person so ill that he Would send for you at once if he had taken one of your doses accidentally. It is not quite fair to give such things to a sick man, unless it is clear that they, will do more good than the very considerable harm you know they will cause. Be very gracious with childreu especially. 1 have seen old m°n-shiver at the recollection of the rhubarb aud jalap of iufaucy. You may depend upon it that half the success of Homoepatby is due to the >wcet peace it has brought into the nursery! Between the gurgling down of loathsome mixtures and the sue i-hariue d iiqucscence of a minute globule, what tender mother could for a moment ?’ Spiritualism. A great many instances of spiritual power are ap pearing iu very sections of the country. We give a few below. Such appeals as these, sustained as to their veracitf, are bringing thousands upon thousands into Hie ranks of the spiritualists; until soon, as predicted, their power will be exercised and felt in the working of the government. A California correspond! nt, in wri ting to an eastern paper, thus relates an incident And here l must tell you that the time of the arrival [ of the steamer was foretold by a French girl in mag netic sleep on the eut bihg of the 18th, the steamer 1 being then two days behind her time—a very unusual delay—and the night being a clear one, everybody ex pected the steamer that night, or earlythf! .Rgxt J at h-m-t. Hut the iMiatuyMA attftlffil' placed the (mw At 9PM , and saWTfE}t tKfwnt * The steamer entereaibf jiisVir/T^S/Tpyii * specified. After she had 1 made heV.pTnphecy whs (]upsiwb«i, u T»jr tipping the prop s-cy of the girl. I heard of the prediction tin the afternoon of the arrival of <be steamer, and made it the subject of a number of jokes. The arriv;.l of the mail from California in New York, though a pretty sc rious matter perhaps in Wall street, excites far less in terest than does the arrival here of the mail from New Yo k ; and if the steamer due from Panama be a day or two late, she becomes . the main topic of conversation with everybody, and any gossip abont her flie, over town in a very short tim^; Tint Spiritualist and tiii? Lizard.—A youeg*nan named Seldl-n N Pinney, of Ellington, Conn., having been mysteriously ill for two years, and obtaining no benefit from physicians, be consulted a clairvoyant spiritualist, John R. Reade, o|_Hartford, who* while in a trance state, declared that youtig Pinney had a liv « lzml in his sroinach Up also prescribed medicine for the cjecrion of the reptile. Although without faith in the declaration or prescription, the medicine was taken as directed, and a thing Vz m) was ejected. This is a tough story, but the pareuts of the young man affirm its truthfulness in a communication to the Hartford Tirne?,. Spiritualism in th* U. f*. Senate.— The corre spondent of the Philadelphia writes : 4 Hon. N. P. Tallmadge, formerly a member of the U. S Senate, in a letter defending modern Spiritualism from a recent attack upou it by Geu. Shields, iutiiqates that a number of our present Senators are believers iu I the doctrine, and that the political history of I "60 will j be greatly affected if not controlled by i|. The former assertion is entirely true, I happen to' know; hut that the latter will prove l prefer to entertain some doubts/ The March to Tftc Grave nr 1857—What a mighty procession has been ioifards the grave during the past year ! At tl(e qaqal estimate, since the Ist ot January, 1857, more than thirty. uh*. million fine huwired thousand of the world’s population have gone down to the grave. Place them in long array, they will give a moving column of more than thirteen hqq dred to every mile of the circuri|ftrenee of the glohe. What g spectacle, as they mofe oq, tramp, tramp, the ‘ Dead March ’ giving its funeral notes as they go totlie silent shades ! Correct Speaking.— We advise all young people to acquire in early life the habit of U*itxg good language, both in speaking and wrj£iog*had to abandon as early as possible any use of slang words ilbd phrases. Tlie longer the) live the more difficult tbe acquisition of >ucb language will be ; And if the golden age.of youth, rhe proper season for the acqiuaitiqn q* laqgqige b<! past in its abiise, the qqforrqqate victin) of neglected education is very probabhf doomed to talk slang for Ufe Money is not neeeasafy to prHenre this e«ueation. Every umti has it in his power He has merely to u-»e the language which he reads instead of the slang which be hears ;to form his taste froiq host speakers, qnd poets of the coqutry j to treasure qp choice phrases in his memory, au<i habituate liiuis-If to their use—avoid ing at the same time that pedantic precision and bom bast, which show rather the weakness of a vain am bition thap tl<c polish of an educated mind. SvooK o» Grain in the West —According to the following statement of the Cincinnati Price Cur mi the price of wheat and corn must continue to rule low thj present year:— . ‘The information we have received from, our corre spondents in this and the adjoining States,- the last i three or four Weeks, leaves no doubt whatever that the crocks of wheat and corn in tbo baqde of farmers are fubEOiuus. The prices current tor wheat, last October, Were so far below the estimate set upon it by its <>wuer*, that they refiised to sell, piefcrring to hold it over until spring for better prices Y bnt in this they will be, it is now pretty certain, sadly disappointed. The wheat is still in their hands, but whethar they wiif part with it at. present rates — 40 and CO cents per bushel, is exceed ingly doubtful.’ i—**. : The New York Pott says :‘lt is seventy-one years to-day, (April 7th,) since the emigrant party front New Hampshire lauded in Marietta, Ohio. This was the drst' permanent settlement of wbi e inhabitants in tba< Territory. Among thole who went Willi the infant colony were General Lewin G«e», Ex Governor Wood oridge, of Dr. Uikfeeth,?«b* > and enjoy a hale and vigorous oh! age. . a change in seventy-one j ars 1 Qbiqpbaawow two niiHion five liondre J tborra id js opF*, industrious, enterprising, iohJligent. SkeTunt of tax able property, M,S>UQ,OOO in school bouses, and ah an nual * chop}-tax for the education «t- all her children of $2,500,00(1, and more miles of canal and railroad than -any State ip the Union. IL>w wonderful has been her growth and-bier progress >b all the elements of material, moral,, and intellectual w .-ilth ’ - 1 ” "I " " Jffßov PnnACIIKR IN New York — ‘Burleigh,’ the New York Correspondent of the Bost-n Journal thus announces nie advent of & ‘Boy Preacher * in that city : 4 We have a new proligy in this city lr* the per.-on of a b«y preacher. He is ab-*ut ti teen years of a«e. ' His name is Crammond Kenn dy. He is a ILpti-t aud tie longs to Hie church of Rev.’Mr. Adams, on (‘histopher street. He is a convert* in the date r- vi/al, has alteady been licensed to preach by Hi it church, and is ju»t'ifow attracting*targe crowds- to hear him. His s jle is Vehe ment; his serinons have in them much method ; lie speaks Wholly ex temp traneousfy ; and his- -y-tein of. theology seems to be mature, mid after the school 1 uf the sounder an t more coUrervative Echoed* of the day ** lie is Certainly quite precocious. What the end will be no one can foresee. He preaches and speaks neatly every ■nights His houses are crowded to overflowing, and for a season be will be the great attraction of our city. its rise. Were i* not for the flies people in summer would si ep tiv bus ong r than they do, .-in I thus lose the best put o the Jay—the pin ion devoted to sunrise an 1 meadow Inks Breakfast Dish —Take •n : egg and beat it up, add a tea spoonful of salt, pour iu about two thirds of a pint of ppr of water, then slice some bread dip it in, and fry in a little butter,- Servo warm, aud you will find it an excellent dish. A.n iiv France, was drinking with’ -some eempmiy who prflgwafctMtoist, « The land we I i vein/ #Af*u*Ml4f4k tlcar,’ said he, 4 here’W p«4 r -i -M&kip-*:>. ..... mus] t , ‘ How do id* an 1 your friends feel now ?’ - to * fdrtrer irritable member of the defeated pirty. 4 1-sup pase,’ said he, 4 we feel just as Lrz irus did when he was licked by dogs.’ How quietly might many a one live, if he could care as little for the affaitsref others as he does for his own. The Bust Body.—He labors without thanks, talk;-- without credit, lives without, love* (lies without, pity—■ vave that some say, ‘ It was a pity he died not sooner.’ A celebrated barrister, retired from practice, was ode day asked his sincere opinion of the law. ‘The fact is,’ rej uned he, 4 if any map were to claim' the coat upon my back r aqd threaten t|ye refu a « 1 with a lawsuit/ fee should certainly have it, lest, ie defefadiiig my codt, I should lose my waistcoat also.’ -.</• A printer out in Arkansas, whose office is ten milys from iiqy other builJing, and who Innsgs his sign on a limb of a tree, advertises fnr an apprentice He says : ‘A boy from the country preferred.’ Long Stockist^.—A lady, a regular shopper, who* had made an unfortunate clerk tumble over all the stockings in his shop—they were fall goods—objected that nope #ere long enough. 4 1 want the very longest hose that are made.’ 4 Then, madam, you bad better apply at the next engine bouse.’ (Prepared for the Em. Ai l Journal. 4 ) To * migrants. The attention of the emigrating public is solicited to the eontenta of this piper of the journal ft is our intention to retain the following matter permanently in our columns, as we .believe it combines a great deal of information of importance to the emigrant The town of Nininger with a great degree of liberality end enter prise, has devoted a p *rtion of its public funds to de fray the expense of distributing a large number of copies aloug the ifitiin avenues of travel leading to Chicago, and upou the boats coming up the Mississippi river. If will be th the advantage not only of this "'Kwh 'slid neighborhood, but of the whole State that the following articles should be set before the public and retained be fore them. We have attempted in the following srtK cles to eoufiMuontselves strictly to facts, or if we havj made assertions, to sustain them by as great a mass of authorities as possible. For this reason some of the ar ticles are made up of quotations f.otu scientific sources, as being least likely to misrepresent, anl most likely to meet with the cnnfilnej of the pu’ilie Oar first arti cle is a summary nf the s ibstauee of alt'the rest, .and u Very oumrously signed by citizens Here* In the list of names the emigrant tu iy possibly iue -t with some individual known to him, and will thus receive a double assurance of the truth of the statements contained in it. • Minnesota- EXTRACTS FROM AN ADDRESS; Lirvh: —lt must, not Le -supposed tha: I m ftate of Mmi.e ota cotuitis -s <>qe solid boly of popjlatlon, wold that tlxeraga t uh» Sc ks lb advantages of u u« w regiou wiiibave io fiud tlieui in tLe wilds of Nebra-ka, Dikotu, nr elqeaher*. it may be truly sab’, that ih; pr< amt population of Stater of Minnesota is confined pi itu-i pally to the main livers, with the exception of, the peniushla included between the Mississippi river and the Minne sota river, running south to the lowa line; attl-Yhe southern part of peninsula between the St; Croix and Mississippi, ajstjibugh both these regions atilt eon tain considerable quantities-of unprejiuptedlania. Hut weft of the immediate border qf the Mississippi river towards the James river ou .the.jsoutb, or th* Bed Kivcrou life norih, stretches an almost unlimited .quantity of*Gov-“ eminent- lauds yet undisturbed by emigration: *• one ot >bo marke t featuies of the oouq try. T% the north ot St. Paul lie wiiolerci»uiiti,*s of pine lauds. The mills of the Territory ftre already supplying a great part of the down river with linbber.' s ’***# j ■’ We,Wwild also quote ilfe following from the report D. C. Shephard, Chief Engineer of the Minnesota staid Pacific. Kojiroad:— : :jZ - to fii-hdV/j ** To the westward of this line, (ic » miles westward from the Mississippi west of St. Paul and St. Anthony, are tne ‘ Big Woudfrf ar : dMirs« fffrtirt iriraMMi) and fifty hulcs in length, by an avenge of fifty in b f.d k, aud dotted with myriads of beautiful akcs and Dutu mI meadows The timber is very heavy, and. con j sipfe of. oak, maple, a*b, elm, basswood, Wack walnut, butternut-, aspen aud second growth hickory. The soil iis a black vegetable mould, from two to three feet >u depth, resting on a subsoil of clay, ai d in the unfiwj acceptation of the term, inexhaustible.’ j Churarterixtic* of the r Unxettle • Partin** nf the Ter j ritory now come to consider a belt of country ex | tending ih breadth from the Big Wood* t<> tbelJltippewa i river, a distance of seventy miles, which has been aptly termed 1 the Farmer's Paradise,’ with a surface admra ! bly divided .between rolling prairie, wbodlaod and , meadow, :and watered by a tb"a«aod crystal Jakes aud I strains; it also-bas au exceedingly fertile and durable ; soil, closely resembling that ot tins Big Woods. J The country between the Ch'PP' W* river and/the j Bois de Sioux rivfr is but sparingly supplied tim* ’ her, which can however be plentifully supplied hereafter i from adj ii eiit regions. It has an alluvial soil, /ich, 1 de< p and lasting, which is capable of producing in the bigtiest perfection, every grain anJ root adapted to a ! Western climate. The species of grass called red-lop is in ligenous,‘and reaches friqueutly aheight of six feet, furnishing a sure index to the productive qualities' of the soil.’ We qUofe again from the same r pwt \ after stating that-the region between Crow Wing and Otterfail Lake pos-csses lew advantages, be proceeds .to describe the Valley of the RedKi ver as follows.* ' :4 'l he surface ir rolling pnirit**i£tersp?rsed with graves of limber, amply, sufficient for the purpose of a i dense population and id Hved watered The soil is inii | versally describ'd us excellent, and many do not besi* i't-iter to declare it superior to any other in the Terriwwy. So much has been said #nd written of late c ncemitig this wonderful region, that but little can be added.-Jkll agree in assigning it a prominent rank among thw iin setiled perilous of the WtW/ —■ . The country adjicent to the great Bettd of the Min * 'Wwaetmaver, including ilto Blue Karth region —-has-long I The fcrfifittj#^ iftiSwirf m>TiW, NpMfc a d. si ruble f. scMtu^ifdLtfrifiii. The woodland aboun Is in linden, white and sugar ittaple, aspen, maple, butternut and hickory, with an under growth of prickly ash, gooseberry and grape vines/ We need however go no further These extracts will suffice to demonstrate that we still retain millions of unpre-empted acres as choice as anyrlmt have fWbfeen taken up within ike borders of Minnesota. The emi grant must not suppose that because we have accumu lated here sufficient population to entitle us to the rank , of a State that alt Wte pportuniries afforded by a new country are passed. We must bear in mind thajkwe possess ail area almost twice as great as the 9twtft of Ohio,''and t,hat the population of Ohio io 1850 j'waa nearly two millions as contrasted with our one hundred and fifty thousand, so that an increase of the present population of Minnesota twenty times would fail tokring us up to the position of Ohio in point of density* Ct'nmfe —lt must, be admitted that occupying a high North-western locality, we are subject to a grefif er’fhs gree of cold during the wintft inoaths than is Wf be fouud in the majority id the Stitas. This howeyerhaa been much exaggent d and made a foruudablejppsgon •>f argument against us, while it applies wijji equal force io the greater part of Wisconsin and bUebigyn, against wbmp, however, it is never thiuk tbut that there are one or two eircumstanfes which ma terially teud to mitigate the wf Minnesjta us contrasted, with . lowa and Kansas. In the first, place, it does no*-follow that the sawadegros-ef the thermo metrical tempers!are will produce the same results in localities where the amount of humidity iu the atmos phere or the quantity and character of the wiuds is uiff-reiit. . One quotation will,determine this an to the question of humidity We quote from Lorin JBo iget’s work before inferred to, p ldl : ‘ It inay'hw said here, however that the effect of ;ex tremes fn the growth ,of vegetation is apparently similar to that oft auiqi (L life,and that the absence of beat may be bornq as much more easily in a dry climate,tbanits excess in a bnuiid one. C**l. Emory in a paragraph already quoted, >«m irks that tha. greater humidity otw wight near tlie Gila made a temperature of 37 o ippre wNfetoly felt than ou<; of «4»° in lhadrv regions ’ We wi»ulJ here add, that the climate of Minnesota is essentially u m> doting the winter month*., , The following table shows the wtuocnt of rain and snow' that falls atst. Paul during the winter, as contrasted vfitn other points in the Union. Mean Fall of Rain and Melted BmoW«—Depth in inches *nd », ,«.*i Decimals td un inch PhSaii Fn’r. .ShiwV. An’n. Win *r Y’r. St. Paul, MT Vv6 61 10 92 5.98 1.92 23.43 Montreal, C E 11.54 11.18 16 GO 47-29 Eot,H.rt M.*.., 8.88 10 05 985 1061 39,39 Portsmouth. N.ll 9:93 • 9.21 . BUS ... <8.36,^36.37 Burlington, Vt 7.41 |f*>3 8.82 602 34.11 IW.ibltr* Miss 10 85 11 17 1257 9*B* 4448 New f->rk City, *- 11.69 11.64 9.93 10.39 43.65 U.ic* N Y 9.36 12,83 976- *72 4067 1!...-hesrer, N Y 6.84 8.86 P.uort-li.l'a 0.38 987 823 7 48,.3196 ! Cincinnati O 12.14 13.70 990 ILIS 4&89 I'etmii, Mitih .* 85) 9.i9 741 4.86 3 ♦ JfT- Athens, Illinois, I2ITO 13.30 9.28 7 10.~4L80 Muscatine luwa’ 1 t.JU 15.i)8 ll» S 4 072 44 33 B«d.U, Wi« eg I 3 f 8 18 12 t 0.44 648 4K.15 M lwaukee, Wi* • 6.00 *v 9.90 680 f.9u is.2o Oreenßay.Wvi; 9dW It Will thus be seiV Tbat the amount ftf in the nf St Paul during the wirtter months is not one-fifth* rfiat of New ¥nTkcity drfrff»g~tfe anae period. A lifiwi^tnaiirvan bo mdl}e of Boston fair rep resented bv l'ambridge ft'tTic* above table) op.of 'fiSn us look next at^tbe-Influence of winds tm- fhUße gnee of ©old Dr Kaoc gare it w ilte at xero, acc< tnpuoied by U.bigh wind Wal nfore nni-ndonible aud wihie atmosphere at thirty degrees bcbiw xern wind. Off pnpula' cxp trience and it needs from seieuee to ietMOnsnnte that t*4 «*raftnt~Uf wind very iiatMUr aflhctfbar seßHibility r6.the Cold ; y - - This betUg granted let ns oxamine bow Mioffribta ■ ctimpareuiu tfiw respect'wjtii-other points ih lte T 9 do this we quote ‘from the 4 Army Rcgwfer* lowing extracts as compiled I root the n-biwf Engineer of the Minnesota abd PnrHln P* n J • mP * , .lira ■ NUMBERS?. fwqes-.