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BISBEE DAILY REVIEW SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 17, 1903.
MrtttrtrtrittrtrtrCrCrtrtrtrteu-trtr( JUU -fV.1 -.WiVi rtrtrtrCrtrCtirtttrCrtrfrCrt irCttrtotrto-Crbtrtrb JrCrrCrtomtnrCrc trtrtrbirttirtt DOUGLAS, ARIZONA The Smelter City of me Southwest" PAQK 10. ruiiaiuiK -rw "-?""? -', - Douglas, a border town of scarcely cessitatlng naturally a steady increase five thousand .ouls, stands pre- In Importation of stable commodities eminent among the frontier towns of To handle the ever increasing trafflc, Arizona as "the gateway to Sonora." the El Paso & Southwestern railroad At no time in the history of this great , is being taed to its utmost capacity southwest has a community sprung , often bejond that point to hold its Into prominence in the commercial and .own with the progress of the city industrial world as has Douglas. Less than two jears ago, but a handful of pioneers, realizing tho natural adan tages of Douglas' geographical posi tion, braved the Inconveniences of tent and camp life to cast their lots with the future of this then lusignifl- This company, on the lirst iudica tion of Douglas' stabilit, erected a depot of magnificent proportions, a picture of which appears in The He view today; shops were erected and equipped to do all the various Kinds of railway repairing and eniplojlng up . Y i CALUMET AND A cant 6pot, being encouraged b the fact that the El Paso & Southwestern Railroad company had struck vva'er In abundance here, and having their faith soon further strengthened b the announcement that the Copper Queen Mining company would build the larg est smelting plant in Douglas in the southwest. These men were made of the stuff that founded the independence of these United States of America, and to their hardy grit Douglas owes its present standing From a few wide ly scattered tents, Douglas has sprung Into a city marvelous, with splendid thoroughfares and business houses of brick and granite, and of modern architectural design. Dwellings that would grace the avenues of many an older community denote the prosper ous condition of their owners and of Douglas, while the enterprise of land owners has givet to the wage earner the neatest of cottages Two churches rear their spires toward the starry firmament, silently testifying1 to the Christian spirit that ever per vades the ranks of the sturdy pion eers. Before the coming autumn, a magnificent school house will be in course of erection, at a cost of $20,000, showing that Douglas will keep pace with the onward strides of education, the pride of all true-spirited Amen cans. Every week that passes chronirles the advent of scores of newcomers of all classes, from the opulent mine promoter to the lowliest laborer, ne RIZONA SMELTER I wards of one hundred men these shops are located Jus' bejond the western limits of the townsitc and a fifteen-stall roundhouse is nearly com pleted. Fifteen locomotives of the latest design have been ordered, and many of them delivered at this point While Douglas mav not always be forced to rely on the mining industries of this section, thus far she owes her bid fair to make for themselves the reputation of being one of the richest copper producers of the age. A street car line runs from Tenth and O the heart of the business sec tion of Douglas, via the great Copper Queen reduction plant, to the C. & A smelters The Copper Queen Consolidated Mining company, has planned the plant of the Douglas Reduction Works, and the work of erection is fast nearlng completion. Covering as it does, acres of ground. Just west of the city, the Douglas Reduction Works embraces in Its facilities every branch of smelter and mechanical work Incident to the running of a mine and railroad. The mechanical department is fitted in its machine blacksmith and boiler shops and its planing mill, to turn out anything from the smalest screw or bolt to a locomotive This department has been running for months, and has al leady turned out murh railroad and custom work. The number of men at present on the pay roll at the great Douglas Reduction Works of tho Cop per Queen company is 500 The Review correspondent paid a visit to the new smelting plant being constructed Just west of our city, and was shown over the premises by Gen era Foreman Gould. The machine shops, boiler shop, foundiy and blacksmith shops are already turning out a great deal of rvWWmwW?mw.aaaHHHBn- ...... . T-V"V..VVVV, vw'-tiw tl'KIIrt t 1 n l1it,nw.tiL 9 . n;LZ;:;::, .?" " SaPS ?.ressors' WI furlsh the breath and : , 7.: rvz,U6 """ a ur- 010a ' tire tem. The variety and size of the machin ery throughout is amazing. In the machine shop are two pipe threading machines, one to handle and thread pipe of from four to twelve Inches In diameter, the other being used on pipe varjing lu size from three-eights of an inch to four inches. A ladi-tl 72 Inch drill is a curiosity in itself. This piece of apparatus is capable, under the touch of skilled uands, of diilllug holes in and through an metal not over six feet in diameter, and drills them at every conceivable angle. A bolt cutter, an 84 Inch wheel lathe, a 72-inch boring mill, two huge planers, one 27 by 27, the other 48 by 48, au IS Inch slotter, a 30 inch engine lathe, a 24-inch by 24-foot shafting lathe a lC-inch engine lathe, a 12-inch turret lathe (for truss finishing), a 14-lnch Challenge tool lathe, a 28-luch un 1 press and a 20-inch drill press, to gether with a double end axle lathe (for car axle work), constitute the equipment of this modern machine shop. Eight forgers, with automatic air blowers, will serve to heat the great chunks of iron before the powerful steam hammer pounds and beats, crushes or caresses them into the de sired shape. A bolt machine is a feature of this department, where bolts of all sizes can be turned out Besides its industrial arnuisltlnns Douglas boasts of two banks, one a national bank; the other is conduct ed and directed by men who have been identified with the progress and growth of tho great Wairen district since its inception Four large do- goods and furnish ing houses supply the needs of Done- las and the surrounding country. The largest store of the Conner Queen -"JP- , ' -l.nrir'rLrt.nii.tS'ZJ our first faint glimpse of the sunny southland and its languid inhabitants. To appreciate Douglas, Its marvel ous growth and its surroundings, in the heart of "the country God forgot," one must see, and, like the doubting Thomas, be convinced that no Indian magician has conjured up a myth from the earth ,to disappear at the whim of Its originator. Douglas is founded on the most stable of foundations, the immense riches stored in the treasure valuts of " 1 . at an approximate cost $100,000, and will De ready for work and tho tenmorarv novver nlant with as little exnense as eastern shons occupancy about September 1st of , .... , .. . . . -.-r furnishes electrical power for the ma- can do the work. The. boiler shop Is fitted with rolls, punches and shea's of the latest pat tern, and will be able to handle the sheet metal from th lightest Iron to the gieat boiler plate, an Inch and a DOUGLAS REDUCTION W3RKS-NOW NEARINC COMPLETION company Is being erected here nature to await tho mt, c v chlnery at present installed When tho mechanical depaitment is com pleted and a full force of men at work, the shops will he readv to handle any and all work which can possibly be the current year When completed this establishment will be the supply center of Cochise county and northern Sonora. The newpaper field Is occupied by the Daily Dispatch and the Weekly r? : "fF'-j of white man with his science his thiM and his ingenuity Ta such, and onlj such, will nature give up her pos sessions But the time has come, the whites have invaded the land, and before their onward march must f-ll the homely traditions and slothful manners of the superfluous. o DOUGLAS STREET RAILWAY TIME TABLE In effect Sunday. May 10th, 1903. Douglas Terminal E. P. & S. W. Passenger Station Leave Douglas 0:40 a. m. 8:00 a. m. 10:00 a. m. 11:30 a. m. 1:15 p. m. 2:40 p. m. 5:10 p. m. 10:40 p. m. (Temporarily) Leave Calumet 7:05 a. m. 8:15 a. m. 10:50 a. m. 12:00 a. m 1:45 p. ei. 3:03 p. m. 5:35 p. m. 11:05 p. m. DOUGLAS DEPOT existence to the output of the mines The Calumet & Arizona Mining com pany has erected one of the finest pvritic smelting plants in the world, now turning out daily fifty tons of copper bullion The mines of this company, situated in Bisbee and ad joining those of the grtat Copper Queen Consolidated Mining companj International, while The Review, by vlrtue of its branch office, thoroughly covers the local news and nped ln the southwest quarter thick and twelve feet long. While the mechanical department wood planing mill Is as thorough has hut fifteen skilled artisans at iv pnninneri for doinc all kinds of 'present, this number will overreach WO0(j work as the machine and black- I Sonora. the hundred mark when the buildings smith shops are for iron and steel ' Across the international line stands are in readiness to turn out their full v. mnmt.r .:, m erace the tno crude but picturesque little pueblo oapacitv of work great power house, the pulsating of Agua Prieta, with its low adobe Tho mnrhlne shnn mil foumlrv have honrt nf tho ontire sYBtem. and. to- structures and swartny sons and a floor space of about 20u bv CO feet, gether with the immense air com- daughters of Montezuma, giving us A Great Bargain. A beautiful cottage, furnished", tn the very best location, on Tenth street. Has four rooms, including bath. Every modern convenience; beautiful new furniture, piano, sewing machine, etc Lot is 50x142. Must be sold immediately, at a real sairt that of ifjce only $1,950. I H C. HERRICK. 5C2 Tenth SU 5-15-tf Douglas, Arizona o NOTICE If you want to buy a cheap wagon or horse, call at the O. K. stables, Naco, Arizona. 5-2-tf Across the Border in the Sonora Field i I? :-mh::-::-:---::..:..:.:-:..:-j.k-::- To the south of Douglas, and the Nacozari railroad, with jl norther j terminus at t is point, lie the gold and copper fields of the .Mexican stale of Sonora, the tretsuiehold ol the republic Close to us, ana reachel only through Douglas, are tne Jamous Phelps-Dodge mines, the Mcrtezuiua, the El Tigre, which lateiy siaillert Uk mining world with ts fabulous riches of gold, and a score of smaller vet big producing properties. The Phelps Dodge company today are extending their railroad lines from Cos, the pres ent southern terminus, to Nacozari, for the purpose of covering lor transportation the districts now re mote from civilization. Throughout the entire state of Sonora, the brains, brawn and capital ot Yankee enter prise is making itself lelt, and making tributary to Douglas one of the richest mineral sections ever discovered. Every train that comes from the southland across the border brings fresh news of another strike, and each south-bound train bears capital, or its representatives, to investigate the al most incredible tale3. Sac cue returns without having Invested in the mineral field, and we have vet to record the dissatisfaction or losb of one investor. Saya a well known mining man and by the term is meant one who has invested and is reaping the harvest, of his outlay operating in the Sahuaripa district of Sonora: ' In regard to tho possibilities of this part of Sonora sometimes referred to as the Yaqui country I will say that the majority of mining men who have investigated the mineral resources of the country traversed by the Rio Yaqui, state that the northern portion of the Alamos district, the eastern portion of the Urea district, and the district of Sa huarlpa comprise the greatest mineral storehouse in the state. The day is not far distant when this vicinity will furnish its pro rata of the wealth of the republic." The Americans of Sonora feel that while they are at present placed at a disadvantage in regard to transporta tion, this will be overcome by the confidence which capital is gradually gaining in Sonora. And they are right, for the Cananea. Yaqui River & J3onor and the El Paso & South western railroads already have con- natives call it, drains a country rich change at the present date. cessions from the Mexican govern- not only in the way of mineral de- The Mexican government, under ment for roads through the state of posits, but arable as any fertile vallev Porfirio Diaz, Is w elcoming with out- Sonora, the Nacozan railroad, a of our territory. The Mormons, who stretched armstne American nnanciai feeder to the El Paso & Southwestern, are by nature pioneers, have seen the invasion. The laws are framed to now runs from Douglas to Cos, and riches of the Mexican soil, and So- promote, not hinder, the development work is being pushed on the extension nora has its settlements of these of the mining industry. Transporta- to Nacozari. There is a possibility, thrifty people. tion facilities are fast becoming the accompanied by frequent rumor, that Even- day brings news of the dis ' equal of those in the United States. CONDENSED STATEMENT OF THE CONDITION OF the C, Y. R. & P. and the Nacozari covery of mineral ground, and Doug roads may consolidate, but it is an las, perhaps more than any town on assured fact that one or the other will the border, has Its coteries of mining be extended to the Gulf of California, men who have banded together for the If this were not so, whj should cap- exploration and development of the ital be so ready to invest in advance neighboring state of our sister re- of the project? In the Sahuaripa dis- public. trict, many big companies are oper- The Hidalgo Mining company, com ating. The Santa Nino, or Yaqui Cop- posed of some of the most stable of per company, capitalized for twenty Douglas' merchants, is operating the millions, with W C. Greene, of Li Hidalgo properties; the Providencia Cananea, as president, the Ceiro- Gold and Silver Mining company, lo quieta Gold and Copper company, with cated on the same ledge, and between a paid up capital of ten niilions; the the famous San Jose and Churumia San Antonio Mine an.i Smelter torn- bani of the Hidalgo company, has cap pany, which has already invested over Italized for an even million, and is eight millions in min's and improve- pushing development work, and the ments, and the La Bula Mining, Mill- Atlas Exploration and Mining com ing and Smelting company, who. after pany is continually bujing, develop transporting their ores one hundred ing and selling properties throughout and fifty miles on mules and by rail the state of Sonora. At present the to the El Paso and Denver smelters, attention of this company is settled declared a dividend of 2 cents per on the Pavo Rico mine, a silver and share upon a capital of $1,500,0G for copper proposition, the six months endiag February 15, The everlasting vim and hustle of 1903, speak well for the future of the American prospector, backed by Sonora. Then there are the Barran- unlimited American capital, are work cas, the largest coal and only natural ing an amazing revolution in the min coke fields In the Mexican republic, Ing Industry of Mexico. Like human which add to the items of interest to ants' thousands of prospectors, from investors, and will also be a great in- almost every state In the union, are ducement to the railroad companies swarning through the republic of Mex- While there are very few gold mines lco ln search of the wealth hidden in Tnere are hundreds of mining claims ln the hands of reliable com panies, which offer good opportu nities to Investors. There are also some companies who are representing wildcat schemes to the Investing pub lic, in the same manner as they work the "graft" in the United States. The mining laws of Mexico are very liberal, giving to foreigners the same rights as Mexicans. The legitimate industry is open to all, and all un claimed mineral lands are open to de nouncement, whether on government or private properties. In the latter case, damages must be paid to the owner or owners of the land on which mineral is found these damages being set in accordance with the actual in Jury done the land on which opera tions were conducted. A Mexican mining claim, called a pertenencia, consists of ten thousand square metres, one hundred metres on a side, or about two and one-half acres, when compared with our sys tem of measurement. A fee of ten dollars must be paid on taking up each claim (pertlnencia), and an an nual tax of ten dollars forever after ward paid on the same, so that the first year of ownership calls for an outlay of twenty dollars, and each The Bank of Douglas I "DOUGLAS, ARIZONA f AT CLOSE OF BUSINESS MARCH 3 J, 1903 ! RESOURCES. Loansand Discounts...S 1 01,522.75 Overdrafts . 4,036.71 Furniture and Fixtures 2. 1 04.56 Stocks. Securities, etc. 1,581.50 Cash on hand and de posited with other banks 117,990.91 $227,236 41 LIABILITIES. Paid up Capital $ 35,000 00 Undivided Profits 1,308 85 DEPOSITS 190.927.56 S227.236.41 DEPOSIT GROWTH. June 19, I902 November 2g, 1902 March 31, 1903 - :-j-:-::"K":":-:::":-:-:-k- Commenced Business Deposits 131,1560.0 I Deposits $190,927.56 :::..;.. -K"M'-:-";KX'.; in Sonora, there are as fine silver and the greatest mineral storehouse of the succeeding year thereafter a payment conner nronositions as are to be found world. These same prospectors, aid- ot ten dollar on each pertlnencia, or anywhere In the republic Few- prop- ed as Uey are by capital, are giving 1 cIlm- erties have been developed to any an impetus to Mexican mining which "here Is no limit to the number of great extent, but those which have, wi". in a few years, place that country I cIa'ms that may be held by any one prove that with depth the bodies grow first on the list in the production of 1 Persn or corporation. Should the richer an important feature where Sold and copper, a position it now ,ocator fail to pay his annual tax, the capital seks an investment. There occupies with respect to silver. SIxm,u' ls """own open to denounce are many large, low-grade proposi- vears ago there were only three com- raent- Taxes may be paid in three tions in Sonora which could be worked Pa"ics actively engaged In mining in , installments, namely: March 1st, to advantage and profit by large com- the Moctezuma district. They were J"'f i a& November 1st. panies but they are "company propo- the Phelps-Dodge company, the San Thus ll " D seen that the Mexi sltlons." Miguelito Mining company and the I can ,aws are just, though strict. Old placer ground and abandoned MIna Roy company, at the Pillares de mines, worked by the ancients, are Torres. The entire northern por frequently found, and yield rich re- tion of Sonora was, comparatively wards to the work of modern science. ! speaking, unknown to the financial The Yaqui river, or Rio Yaqui, as the j agents of the United States. Note the s. r. torbes. ARCHITECT t t Cor. 8th and Railroad Ave. Douglas, Ariz. I WANTED People to know that the Review Want Ads brings results. If you have anything to sell let us know, we will do the rest. The Maz& Upper flain Street HANINGER BROS PROPRIETORS Bisbee Arizona.