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MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS
VOL 18, NO. 245.
BISBEE, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
5 u &.y
Columbus, N. M., Scene of Early
Morning Attack; 17 Americans
Killed; Invaders Suffer Heavily
Led by the Infamous "Lion of the North Fifteen Hundred Mexicans Invade Border
Town, Killing Many Inhabitants, Sacking the Stores and Houses and Burning Prop-
erty. United Mates Cavalrymen Lhstinguish themselves
Hours Necessary to Drive Mexicans Out of U. S. Troops
COLUMBUS, N. M.. March 9
Francisco Villa with 1500 men,
raided the United States territory
today. They attacked Columbus
and killed at least sixteen Ameri
cans and fired many buildings be
fore being driven bark a cross the
border. At least 250 United States
Uniied States cavalrymen follow
ed the Villa band into Mexico.
Reports from Colonel Slocum
late today stated that Villa had
made a stand fifteen miles south
of the border where spirted fight
An unarmed private was killed
and a captain was wounded. A
snail detachment of troops under
Majors Tompkins and Lindsley,
fighting dismounted, made a deter
mined stand against renewed Villa
attneks. At last reports they
were holding their ground.
The raid on American territory
proved costly to Villa. Eighteen
Mexican bandits, including Pablo
Lopez, second in command, were
were gathered and burned before
noon. The troopers reported an
' undetermined number of dead
were still lying in the brush. They
were led to the attack under the
slogan of "death to Americans."
The bandits fought with despera
tion. Jtist before dnwn they . crept
r'tVs fitches, skirting the
United Staes cavalry camp and
rushed th sleeping town, firing
heavily. The first volley brought
1)e American trooners into almost
instant action. While a portion of
the raiders engaged the cavalry,
others applied the torch, shooting
American civilians venturing from
Many civilians barricaded them
selves in their homes and fired at
the Mexicans as they darted
' through the streets. The fighting
ended as suddenly as it began.
Two hours after the first shot Vil
la buglars sounded retreat. The
raiders fled in disorder, American
troopers closely following.
LIGHTS ARE TARGETS
The lights in homes and public
ruildings became the targets of
Villa snipers. Other bandits,
creeping close to the American
ho 'es, enticed a number of civil
ians into the open with English
spoken invitations. A number of
fatalities are attributed to this
ruse. Stores were looted and oil
poured on frame structures while
the matches were applied by still
other bandits. The postoffice was
raided and the furniture smashed.
The looters only secured one reg.
COLUMBUS. March 9. The women
and children remaining here are quar
tered in the school house and the ar
my camps under guard.
AMERICAN WOMAN RELEASED
Mrs. Maud Wright, an Ame
rican, who said she was held cap
tive by Villa for nine days and
released in the midst of the fight
ing, said that on March 1 Villa
announced his intention of attack
ing Columbus. He "proceeded
north under forced marches. His
men. with scanty supplies of
water and meat, suffered severely.
Villa ruled by fear. His officer
beat the men into line with their
She said her husband, Edward.
formerly of Houston, and Frnrk
Hayden, a youth employed a
Las Bocas sawmill, were
from the Wright Ranch March 1
and presumably killed. When
forced to ride she said a bandit
ordered her to give her baby to
a Mexican family.
Mrs. Wright is cared for at
the home of General Slocum. Up
to yesterday she said Villa wore
civilian clothes, a queer llttl-s
straw hat, rode a mule, and just
before the fight appeared cl i l in
a uniform, on a handsome sorrel
charger. She said Villa led nenrly
1500 men upon the sleeping Amer
ican town. Guards told her Vil'
had 3000 men and 6000 horses.
The American soldiers and
civilians who were killed at
A. L, RITCIE, hotel proprietor.
Walton Walker, U. S. Customs
Mrs. Milton James.
J. S. Dean,
C. C Miller, druggist.
An unidentified chauffeur.
J. L. Moore, merchant.
W. R. Walker, guest, Central
Dr. Harry M. Hart.
Marg A. Dodds.
Joe Paresay, sergeant, ma
chine gun troop.
Frank T. Kendvall, Horse
shoer. Troop K.
Paul Simon, corporal.
John Nievergelt, band ser
Harry Wicwall, corporal,
Thomas Butler, private,
Troop F. He was wounded in
the fighting but died later in
The' wounded: Lieut. C. C.
Benson, troop "G.
Jesse P. Taylor, Troop F.
Theodore Kalorke, Troop L.
Michael Barmazel, machine
John Yarbrough, Troop K.
James Venner, Troop M.
John Keogh, Troop G.
Casualties in the Thirteenth
Cavalry were seven killed and
five wounded. Villa's total losses
are estimated at 100 killed and
twice as many wounded The
American pursuit into Mexico
ended about 2 o'clock. It is re
ported to have accounted for
more than 75 Mexicans killed and
wounded. The American losses'"
on the Mexican side was one
corpiral killed when Villa threw
out a heavy guard to engage the
pursuers. Of the eight Ameri
can civilians slain here, Charles
de Witte Miller, Albuquerque, and
Dr. H. J. Hart, or El Paso, were
burned to death in the Commer
The body of Walton Walker, of
Playas. X. M., who was shot with
W. T. Richie, the proprietor of the
hotel, was also incinerated. Mrs.
M. James, shot and killed in the
doorway of another hotel, falling
across the body of C. C. Miller,
who was driven from his drug
store across the street. Her lit
tle sister escaped but her hus
band was wounded. Mrs. Ryan,
wife of a captain of Troop E, had
a narrow escape when her house
was riddled with bullets. It was
in line with a window facing the
dith from which Villa opened his
attack. Bullets perforated her
clothing on a chair.
Fred Griffen, private of Troop
K, on guard at headquarters,
opened fire on Mexicans attacking
the quarters of Lieut. Lucas,
commanding the machine gun
troop of the Thirteenth Cavalry.
He fell mortally wounded under
a volley, but killed two Mexicans
who to the side of the Ryan home.
Mrs. Ryan ran, under fire, to an
adobe garage. She was stopped
by a Mexican who demanded
where she was going. S!e said
to get the motor car. .ihe sat.
unmolested, during the fight in
Captain Rudolph Swyger, wife
and children ran from their home
to the barn just as the Mexicans
broke in the front door. The
Mexicans looted the house and
were just about to set fire to the
barn when the American forces
opened fire. Captain Smyser
Joined his troop in time to parti
cipate iu the battle. Villa drop
per some personal papers. A note
was found, evidently a transcript
of an order issued just before
in wose encounter, iwo
Chase Them Into Chihuahua.
the attack which read "kill all
DESCRIPTION OF ATTACK.
There are about 500 Americans
iu Columbus and nearly as many
Mexicans, many of whom are re
fugees, having fled in advance of
Villa. I.ibrado Marquez was plac
ed under military guard charged
with having directed the opera
tions of the bandits and also of
giving information to Villa
Lieut. Castelman, the oliicer of
the day, was aroused by Grinfljn'f
shot. He was met at the door
by a Mexican who fired at him
pointblank. but missed. Castle-
man killed him and marched his
troop to the town to protect the
civilian men, women and chil
dren running the streets under
fire of the Mexicans in the glare
of the flames from the hotel and
other buildings. .
Castleman placed his men in
front of the hotel, next door to the
bank, and engaged the Mexicans,
who. though greatly outnumbering
his force, were driven westward.
Lucas placed his men on the rail
road track, supported by two ma
chine guns and took the retreat
ing Mexicans on the flank as they
Jled, practically all mounted,,
Colonel Slocum Ml his quart
ers within ten mintes after the
first shot and reached the Hooer
hotel as the Mexicans approach
ed. A bullet knocked a revolver
from his hand. As the Villa
forces retreated they stopped at
the ranch of J. J. Moore, killed
him, wounded his wife, and loot
ed the place. Moore was taken
from his house and shot on the
doorstep! Mrs. Moore was brought
here, painfully, thought not seri
ously wounded .in the thigh.
SPIES DIRECT ATTACK.
Villa, according to reliable in
formation obtained by Colonel
Slocum, attacked with 1500 men.
leaving 100 across the border.
Twenty of his officers were sent
here Tuesday to spy and learned
that five American cavalry troops
with headquarters here were scat
tered for miles along the border.
Assured by the spies of certain
aid to be given by the Mexican
residents. Villa started hii ad
vance. The first intimation of
approach was given by Private
Griffin, the sentry, who gave his
life to give the alarm by firing on
Twenty seven bodies of Mexi
cans were burned. The wounded
weer treated in the hospital of the
Thirteenth Cavalry. Army surge
one were assisted by women nus
es. Some of the Villa wounded
are mere boys. Army otlicers
bore testimony that residents
pointed out to the bandits houses
occupied by Americans. As a re
sule Colonel Slocum ordered the
troops to search the Mexican
houses and deprive everyone of
arms on the pain, of death for
refusal to given them up.
EL PASO. March 9. (Special J
An unconfirmed report was receiv
ed at Fort Bliss tonight that a de
tachment of Villa's scattered band
had recrossed the border near Gib
son's Ranch and had surrounded
a detachment of the Seventh Cav
alry, stationed at this ranch, which
is near Hachita. N. M. There Is
no wire into Hachita and it has
been impossible for Gen. Pershing
to verify the report.
Harry Davis, an El Paso boy,
who was a member of the local
militia company, was added to the
list of killed tonight, having been
in the running fight with the Villa
forces. The deaths of Dr. Harry
M. Hart and Jose Pereray have
been confirmed here. One of Vil
la's generals was killed. Corporal
Mason of Maj. Thompkins com
mand hitting him when Maj.
Thompkins Ordered him shot.
Troops are being brought from
Chihuahua City to Juarez tonight
to go in pursuit of Villa. This
(Continued on rage 3)
Ai'ODERN VENUS I)E
m 'is -hr
'lis ilia ;! mm fv; --m 'fx 1
Miss Raymond as she appeared before the judges; Venu e Milo; Miss Raymond in street costume.
American sculptors have lonp been searching for the ideal American girl who would "measure up" favor
ably with the ancient Greek ideal of womanhood the famous Venus de Milo. At last she has been found. Her
name .s Peg Raymond, and her measurements are those of Venus de Milo in every particular.
FROM FORT i
Residents of Smelter Town i
for Use of Army. Calles
"Has Everything in Hand."
DOUGLAS, March 9. With United
States troops stationed along the bor
der east of here entrenching to repel
a possible night attack ol .Mexican
bandits and other infantrymen en
training to move eastward on guard
duty along the New Mexican bonier,
the situation assumed a warlike aspect
A battalion of the Eleventh Infantry
departed by special train for Hachita,
New Mexico, for border guard duty.
Two companies of the Sixth Infan
try are on the way to San Bernardino,
eighteen miles east. A volunteer au
tomobile company was formed by citi
zens and a large number of machines
placed at the disposal of army officers
moving troops to any point. General
Calles. military governor of Sonora,
arrived in Agua Prieta to, personally
supervise the campaign against Villa.
He said: "We have plenty of troops
to protect Sonora and the border min
ing camps. I will remain until Villa is
killed or captured or driven to some
other part of Mexico.
BORDER HEAVILY PATROLLED ,
COLUMBUS. March 9 Amerjcan
cavalry patrols. New Mexico militia
men, cowboys and civilians are on the
alert against another surprise attack
bv Villa. Heavy guards patrol Colum
bus and vicinity. The main body of
the bandits is thought to have retreat
ed to the Mexican hills, presumably
making for" the Boca Grande River,
the nearest water. The possibility of
another attack is admitted by the mil
Villa is believed to hav,,
fake telegram yesterday in the name;
of the manager of the T'alomas Cattl
Company, saying that Villa had reach
ed the Nogales Ranch. Chihuahua, six
ty miles southwest of Columbus and
that Villa was at the ranch house. The
message arrived at four in the after
noon. About that time his men, re
freshed and full of stolen cattle, had
begun a march to attack Columbus.
That the town was not taken. nackd
and the inhabitants slaughtered. i at
tributed to the fact that his men
'?ened only through far and would
not stand under the firB of the Ameri
MILO, JUST LIKE ANCIENT
RIGID TRAFFIC ENFORCE
Warren District county offi
cers, aided by the police of the
city of Bisbee. will rigidly en
force the traffic laws regard
ing lights. This applies par
ticularly to the absence of tail
lights on an automobile. Owing
to the constant compl&tat the
officers intend to see, more par
ticularly, from this time on
that all the sections of state
laws, regarding the driving of
automobiles, are enforced.
Result of Referendum Vote
Among Trainmen of the
Country is Greatly in Favor
of Demands On R. R's. ,
CHICAGO. March 9. It is officially
announced the vote of 4t0,0u0 engi
neers, firemen and trainmen of Ameri
can railroads overwhelmingly favored
the authorizing of the union heads to
necotiate with the railroads for an
eight hour day.
Union leaders stated the movement
with its object of obtaining shorter
hours would be rarried forward in
regular course. They said the present
vote had no significance as the indi
cation was that the men desired the
matter should be pressed to a conclu
sion. Thp report has significance as
the strike vote is erroneous and mis
leading, as stated. The demands will
be presented in a few days. The rail
roads have thirty days in which to re
ply. Thp railways have made it plain
'thov intoml to fitht the nronosed con
WASHINGTON. Mai.h :. The .
S. Government has asked Great brlt
ain for a copy ot the confidential in
structions to commander!' of British
merchant vessels which Germany
claiti's prove that mercluiti'men arm--d
ostensibly for defensive purpose
have orders to act offensively against
German and Austrian ut)tr.arinea. tt
is not considered likely ;ht tin re will
bi further negotiations with Germany
on thin subiect until the reply of Kn-
land is received.
ASK FOR EIGH
ONE. FOUND IN U. S.
Germany Declares War as Re
sult of Series of Alleged
Breaches of Neutrality by
LONDON, March 9. Germany ha
declared war with Portugal. Thu
thirteen countries are engaged in the
international struggle. The dec lara
tion was made chiefly on account o!
the recent seizure of German tuer
chantmen interned in Portugues
ports. A long series of alleged breach
es of neutrality by Portugal als
proved factors. Fighting bet weer
the Fernch and Germans north o!
Verdun and around Dounanmont vil
lage Vaux and Fort Vaux, was parti
cularly violent, and according tc
French reports German attacks weni
for naught. The Germans wen
thrown forward in a solid formatlor
against Fort Vaux. which the lates.
German report said had been captur
ed. but the- Freuch say they lrov
back 'the enemy' with :nonmiU!
Northeast of this fort the Germant
are said to have assaulted but re
pulsed with heavy casualties. West
of the Meuse. midway between Deth
incourt and the river, the French con
tiuued their offensive in Corbean
Wood, and are officially reported tt
have driven the Germans in almost
all of that point of the salient. ,
In the east Russians at various
points have taken the offensive against
German positions, but Uerlin declares
they met no success. Russian- on tlu
Black Sea coast contnue to press
Turkey's principal port in Trebizonu
and also are making progress against
the Ottoman positions in the PerUar
sector. The Russian Foreign Offlc
deines that Turkey has made peace
MILLER FORMER GOVERNOR.
ALBUQUKRQUK. M. N. March 9.
Uharles Miller, a victim or Vii:.
formerly was territorial goern. ol
New Mexico. i 'j
REPUBLICANS IN CONFERENCE.
WASHINGTON. March Republi
can senators and representatives at
a conference in the House cnanibet
agreed on the membership of tht
j 1916 Congressional campaign com
! uiittes and discussed informally the
mep to be taken to regain control ot
fCongress at the November elections
Hopes Carranza Won't Ob
ject to Presence of American
Troops; Official Circles Fail
to Disguise Satisfaction.
FORMAL INVASION ,
' WILL BE OPPOSED
Patrols Prohibited from Cross
ing Border Under Any Cir
cumstances; Border Well
Martialed by Troops.
WASHINGTON. March 9. Washing
ton stands squarely behind Colonel
Slocum in sending his cavalrymen in
to Mexico in pursuit of the Villa out
laws who raided Columbus. Secretary
Lansing informed the de facto govern
ment through Ambassador Designate:
Arredondo. that he trusted no object
ion would be made to the action of ttui
American troops. No orders were is
sued for return of the soldiers and
probably none will be issued for tbe
Shocked indignation at news of the
outrage succeeded undismissed satis
faction in official and congressional
"irclos that, after three years of pa-
Ment forbearance. I nited States
'roops actually were on Mexican soil
to avenge the death of their comrades
nd bring to justice the outlaws
whose depredations have terrorized
Americans on both sides of the bor
ler. Reports of the American troops'
action tonight, probably fifteen miles
outh of the border against a- much
larger force of bandits were heard
with anxious interest in official cir
It is not considered in administra
tion circles that the pursuit in any
sense constituted an invasion of Mex
ico which policy the administration
has opposed and will continue to op
pose. There is normally no authority
for the presence of American troops
in Mexico. Patrols are under orders
not to cross in any consideration. If
provocation is not so great officers re
sponsible will face a courtmartial.
Suggestions that Colonel Slocum face
a courtmartial were scouted by som
officials but at the War Department
they were not discussed.
More than 4.000 cavalry and a bat
talion of the Fourth Mountain Artill
ery with twelve guns are in the terri-
ory between Douglas and El Paso.
They can be assembled at any point
within twenty-four hours. In the same
territory are eight regiments of infan
try, the Sixth Field Artillery and a
battalion of the Fourth Artillery, mak-
ng an additional force of approxi
mately SOOO infantry and thirey-six
field and mountain guns which could
"e gatherer at Columbus in two days.
Administration leaders fear the out
break of critics of the President's Mex-
can policy in Congress tomorrow.
Senator Fall of New Mexico, long an
rdent supporter of intervention, an
nounced his purpose of introducing a
resolution to provide for the recruit
;ng of 500.000 volunteers to intervene
;n Mexico at the earliest moment. It
is known other senators, including
fiallinger. have in contemplation reso
lutions in respect to aggressive action
NO ORDERS RECEIVED
SAN FRANCISCO. March 9. Major
Geneial Bell, commanding the western
lepartment. said no orders had" been
received to send troops to Mexico. He
lid not expect any. The only organi
sation now in San Francisco is the
-oast artillery. Bell said it would not
he moved from there.
The mobile troops available. Bell
aid. include one regiment and two
Htilions of infantry in Washington,
l regiment of cavalry at Monterey.
3an Diego and Calexico. The cavalry
ind infantry will be immediately a
vailahle. be said, but in his opinion
aouIiI not be called.