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OHd ' VNOZIUV 'XIN30Hd 2 WEATHER MARKE7S NEW YORK CITV Arizona Clearing, Colder north verage price of cop- isiPI er for week ending XtaE Sf' A per March 8, 25.92. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS VOL 18, NO. 245. BISBEE, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, 1916. PRICE FIVE CENTS. P J RAIDS TERRITORY IT STATES I Li 5 u &.y 11 Columbus, N. M., Scene of Early Morning Attack; 17 Americans Killed; Invaders Suffer Heavily Led by the Infamous "Lion of the North Fifteen Hundred Mexicans Invade Border Town, Killing Many Inhabitants, Sacking the Stores and Houses and Burning Prop- erty. United Mates Cavalrymen Lhstinguish themselves Hours Necessary to Drive Mexicans Out of U. S. Troops COLUMBUS, N. M.. March 9 Francisco Villa with 1500 men, raided the United States territory today. They attacked Columbus and killed at least sixteen Ameri cans and fired many buildings be fore being driven bark a cross the border. At least 250 United States Uniied States cavalrymen follow ed the Villa band into Mexico. Reports from Colonel Slocum late today stated that Villa had made a stand fifteen miles south of the border where spirted fight ing ensued. An unarmed private was killed and a captain was wounded. A snail detachment of troops under Majors Tompkins and Lindsley, fighting dismounted, made a deter mined stand against renewed Villa attneks. At last reports they were holding their ground. The raid on American territory proved costly to Villa. Eighteen Mexican bandits, including Pablo Lopez, second in command, were were gathered and burned before noon. The troopers reported an ' undetermined number of dead were still lying in the brush. They were led to the attack under the slogan of "death to Americans." The bandits fought with despera tion. Jtist before dnwn they . crept r'tVs fitches, skirting the United Staes cavalry camp and rushed th sleeping town, firing heavily. The first volley brought 1)e American trooners into almost instant action. While a portion of the raiders engaged the cavalry, others applied the torch, shooting American civilians venturing from the buinldings. Many civilians barricaded them selves in their homes and fired at the Mexicans as they darted ' through the streets. The fighting ended as suddenly as it began. Two hours after the first shot Vil la buglars sounded retreat. The raiders fled in disorder, American troopers closely following. LIGHTS ARE TARGETS The lights in homes and public ruildings became the targets of Villa snipers. Other bandits, creeping close to the American ho 'es, enticed a number of civil ians into the open with English spoken invitations. A number of fatalities are attributed to this ruse. Stores were looted and oil poured on frame structures while the matches were applied by still other bandits. The postoffice was raided and the furniture smashed. The looters only secured one reg. istered package. UNDER GUARD COLUMBUS. March 9. The women and children remaining here are quar tered in the school house and the ar my camps under guard. AMERICAN WOMAN RELEASED Mrs. Maud Wright, an Ame rican, who said she was held cap tive by Villa for nine days and released in the midst of the fight ing, said that on March 1 Villa announced his intention of attack ing Columbus. He "proceeded north under forced marches. His men. with scanty supplies of water and meat, suffered severely. Villa ruled by fear. His officer beat the men into line with their swords. She said her husband, Edward. formerly of Houston, and Frnrk Hayden, a youth employed a the Las Bocas sawmill, were taken from the Wright Ranch March 1 and presumably killed. When forced to ride she said a bandit ordered her to give her baby to a Mexican family. Mrs. Wright is cared for at the home of General Slocum. Up to yesterday she said Villa wore civilian clothes, a queer llttl-s straw hat, rode a mule, and just before the fight appeared cl i l in a uniform, on a handsome sorrel charger. She said Villa led nenrly 1500 men upon the sleeping Amer ican town. Guards told her Vil' had 3000 men and 6000 horses. THE CASUALTIES. :! : The American soldiers and civilians who were killed at Columbus were: A. L, RITCIE, hotel proprietor. Walton Walker, U. S. Customs rider. ' Mrs. Milton James. J. S. Dean, C. C Miller, druggist. An unidentified chauffeur. J. L. Moore, merchant. W. R. Walker, guest, Central hotel. Dr. Harry M. Hart. Marg A. Dodds. Joe Paresay, sergeant, ma chine gun troop. Frank T. Kendvall, Horse shoer. Troop K. Paul Simon, corporal. John Nievergelt, band ser geant. Harry Wicwall, corporal, Troop K. Thomas Butler, private, Troop F. He was wounded in the fighting but died later in the day. The' wounded: Lieut. C. C. Benson, troop "G. Jesse P. Taylor, Troop F. Theodore Kalorke, Troop L. Michael Barmazel, machine gun Troop. John Yarbrough, Troop K. James Venner, Troop M. John Keogh, Troop G. , $- AMERICAN CASUALTIES. Casualties in the Thirteenth Cavalry were seven killed and five wounded. Villa's total losses are estimated at 100 killed and twice as many wounded The American pursuit into Mexico ended about 2 o'clock. It is re ported to have accounted for more than 75 Mexicans killed and wounded. The American losses'" on the Mexican side was one corpiral killed when Villa threw out a heavy guard to engage the pursuers. Of the eight Ameri can civilians slain here, Charles de Witte Miller, Albuquerque, and Dr. H. J. Hart, or El Paso, were burned to death in the Commer cial Hotel. The body of Walton Walker, of Playas. X. M., who was shot with W. T. Richie, the proprietor of the hotel, was also incinerated. Mrs. M. James, shot and killed in the doorway of another hotel, falling across the body of C. C. Miller, who was driven from his drug store across the street. Her lit tle sister escaped but her hus band was wounded. Mrs. Ryan, wife of a captain of Troop E, had a narrow escape when her house was riddled with bullets. It was in line with a window facing the dith from which Villa opened his attack. Bullets perforated her clothing on a chair. Fred Griffen, private of Troop K, on guard at headquarters, opened fire on Mexicans attacking the quarters of Lieut. Lucas, commanding the machine gun troop of the Thirteenth Cavalry. He fell mortally wounded under a volley, but killed two Mexicans who to the side of the Ryan home. Mrs. Ryan ran, under fire, to an adobe garage. She was stopped by a Mexican who demanded where she was going. S!e said to get the motor car. .ihe sat. unmolested, during the fight in the automobile. Captain Rudolph Swyger, wife and children ran from their home to the barn just as the Mexicans broke in the front door. The Mexicans looted the house and were just about to set fire to the barn when the American forces opened fire. Captain Smyser Joined his troop in time to parti cipate iu the battle. Villa drop per some personal papers. A note was found, evidently a transcript of an order issued just before v in wose encounter, iwo Chase Them Into Chihuahua. the attack which read "kill all Gringos." DESCRIPTION OF ATTACK. There are about 500 Americans iu Columbus and nearly as many Mexicans, many of whom are re fugees, having fled in advance of Villa. I.ibrado Marquez was plac ed under military guard charged with having directed the opera tions of the bandits and also of giving information to Villa through spies. Lieut. Castelman, the oliicer of the day, was aroused by Grinfljn'f shot. He was met at the door by a Mexican who fired at him pointblank. but missed. Castle- man killed him and marched his troop to the town to protect the civilian men, women and chil dren running the streets under fire of the Mexicans in the glare of the flames from the hotel and other buildings. . Castleman placed his men in front of the hotel, next door to the bank, and engaged the Mexicans, who. though greatly outnumbering his force, were driven westward. Lucas placed his men on the rail road track, supported by two ma chine guns and took the retreat ing Mexicans on the flank as they Jled, practically all mounted,, southward. Colonel Slocum Ml his quart ers within ten mintes after the first shot and reached the Hooer hotel as the Mexicans approach ed. A bullet knocked a revolver from his hand. As the Villa forces retreated they stopped at the ranch of J. J. Moore, killed him, wounded his wife, and loot ed the place. Moore was taken from his house and shot on the doorstep! Mrs. Moore was brought here, painfully, thought not seri ously wounded .in the thigh. SPIES DIRECT ATTACK. Villa, according to reliable in formation obtained by Colonel Slocum, attacked with 1500 men. leaving 100 across the border. Twenty of his officers were sent here Tuesday to spy and learned that five American cavalry troops with headquarters here were scat tered for miles along the border. Assured by the spies of certain aid to be given by the Mexican residents. Villa started hii ad vance. The first intimation of approach was given by Private Griffin, the sentry, who gave his life to give the alarm by firing on the bandits. BODIES BURNED. Twenty seven bodies of Mexi cans were burned. The wounded weer treated in the hospital of the Thirteenth Cavalry. Army surge one were assisted by women nus es. Some of the Villa wounded are mere boys. Army otlicers bore testimony that residents pointed out to the bandits houses occupied by Americans. As a re sule Colonel Slocum ordered the troops to search the Mexican houses and deprive everyone of arms on the pain, of death for refusal to given them up. EL PASO. March 9. (Special J An unconfirmed report was receiv ed at Fort Bliss tonight that a de tachment of Villa's scattered band had recrossed the border near Gib son's Ranch and had surrounded a detachment of the Seventh Cav alry, stationed at this ranch, which is near Hachita. N. M. There Is no wire into Hachita and it has been impossible for Gen. Pershing to verify the report. Harry Davis, an El Paso boy, who was a member of the local militia company, was added to the list of killed tonight, having been in the running fight with the Villa forces. The deaths of Dr. Harry M. Hart and Jose Pereray have been confirmed here. One of Vil la's generals was killed. Corporal Mason of Maj. Thompkins com mand hitting him when Maj. Thompkins Ordered him shot. Troops are being brought from Chihuahua City to Juarez tonight to go in pursuit of Villa. This (Continued on rage 3) Ai'ODERN VENUS I)E m 'is -hr 'lis ilia ;! mm fv; --m 'fx 1 Miss Raymond as she appeared before the judges; Venu e Milo; Miss Raymond in street costume. American sculptors have lonp been searching for the ideal American girl who would "measure up" favor ably with the ancient Greek ideal of womanhood the famous Venus de Milo. At last she has been found. Her name .s Peg Raymond, and her measurements are those of Venus de Milo in every particular. SOLDIERS MOVE FROM FORT i DOUGLAS i Residents of Smelter Town i for Use of Army. Calles "Has Everything in Hand." DOUGLAS, March 9. With United States troops stationed along the bor der east of here entrenching to repel a possible night attack ol .Mexican bandits and other infantrymen en training to move eastward on guard duty along the New Mexican bonier, the situation assumed a warlike aspect A battalion of the Eleventh Infantry departed by special train for Hachita, New Mexico, for border guard duty. Two companies of the Sixth Infan try are on the way to San Bernardino, eighteen miles east. A volunteer au tomobile company was formed by citi zens and a large number of machines placed at the disposal of army officers moving troops to any point. General Calles. military governor of Sonora, arrived in Agua Prieta to, personally supervise the campaign against Villa. He said: "We have plenty of troops to protect Sonora and the border min ing camps. I will remain until Villa is killed or captured or driven to some other part of Mexico. BORDER HEAVILY PATROLLED , COLUMBUS. March 9 Amerjcan cavalry patrols. New Mexico militia men, cowboys and civilians are on the alert against another surprise attack bv Villa. Heavy guards patrol Colum bus and vicinity. The main body of the bandits is thought to have retreat ed to the Mexican hills, presumably making for" the Boca Grande River, the nearest water. The possibility of another attack is admitted by the mil itary authorities. Villa is believed to hav,, sent the fake telegram yesterday in the name; of the manager of the T'alomas Cattl Company, saying that Villa had reach ed the Nogales Ranch. Chihuahua, six ty miles southwest of Columbus and that Villa was at the ranch house. The message arrived at four in the after noon. About that time his men, re freshed and full of stolen cattle, had begun a march to attack Columbus. That the town was not taken. nackd and the inhabitants slaughtered. i at tributed to the fact that his men '?ened only through far and would not stand under the firB of the Ameri can troops MILO, JUST LIKE ANCIENT $:- RIGID TRAFFIC ENFORCE MENT. ' Warren District county offi cers, aided by the police of the city of Bisbee. will rigidly en force the traffic laws regard ing lights. This applies par ticularly to the absence of tail lights on an automobile. Owing to the constant compl&tat the officers intend to see, more par ticularly, from this time on that all the sections of state laws, regarding the driving of automobiles, are enforced. i TRAINMEN WILL T Result of Referendum Vote Among Trainmen of the Country is Greatly in Favor of Demands On R. R's. , CHICAGO. March 9. It is officially announced the vote of 4t0,0u0 engi neers, firemen and trainmen of Ameri can railroads overwhelmingly favored the authorizing of the union heads to necotiate with the railroads for an eight hour day. Union leaders stated the movement with its object of obtaining shorter hours would be rarried forward in regular course. They said the present vote had no significance as the indi cation was that the men desired the matter should be pressed to a conclu sion. Thp report has significance as the strike vote is erroneous and mis leading, as stated. The demands will be presented in a few days. The rail roads have thirty days in which to re ply. Thp railways have made it plain 'thov intoml to fitht the nronosed con - ' Anions. INSTRUCTIONS WANTED. WASHINGTON. Mai.h :. The . S. Government has asked Great brlt ain for a copy ot the confidential in structions to commander!' of British merchant vessels which Germany claiti's prove that mercluiti'men arm--d ostensibly for defensive purpose have orders to act offensively against German and Austrian ut)tr.arinea. tt is not considered likely ;ht tin re will bi further negotiations with Germany on thin subiect until the reply of Kn- land is received. ASK FOR EIGH HOUR DAY ONE. FOUND IN U. S. PORTUGAL ml 111 EUROPEAN STRUGGLE Germany Declares War as Re sult of Series of Alleged Breaches of Neutrality by Portuguese. LONDON, March 9. Germany ha declared war with Portugal. Thu thirteen countries are engaged in the international struggle. The dec lara tion was made chiefly on account o! the recent seizure of German tuer chantmen interned in Portugues ports. A long series of alleged breach es of neutrality by Portugal als proved factors. Fighting bet weer the Fernch and Germans north o! Verdun and around Dounanmont vil lage Vaux and Fort Vaux, was parti cularly violent, and according tc French reports German attacks weni for naught. The Germans wen thrown forward in a solid formatlor against Fort Vaux. which the lates. German report said had been captur ed. but the- Freuch say they lrov back 'the enemy' with :nonmiU! kses." Northeast of this fort the Germant are said to have assaulted but re pulsed with heavy casualties. West of the Meuse. midway between Deth incourt and the river, the French con tiuued their offensive in Corbean Wood, and are officially reported tt have driven the Germans in almost all of that point of the salient. , In the east Russians at various points have taken the offensive against German positions, but Uerlin declares they met no success. Russian- on tlu Black Sea coast contnue to press Turkey's principal port in Trebizonu and also are making progress against the Ottoman positions in the PerUar sector. The Russian Foreign Offlc deines that Turkey has made peace proposals. MILLER FORMER GOVERNOR. ALBUQUKRQUK. M. N. March 9. Uharles Miller, a victim or Vii:. formerly was territorial goern. ol New Mexico. i 'j REPUBLICANS IN CONFERENCE. WASHINGTON. March Republi can senators and representatives at a conference in the House cnanibet agreed on the membership of tht j 1916 Congressional campaign com ! uiittes and discussed informally the mep to be taken to regain control ot fCongress at the November elections WASHINGTON IS BEHIND SLOWS ACTION Hopes Carranza Won't Ob ject to Presence of American Troops; Official Circles Fail to Disguise Satisfaction. FORMAL INVASION , ' WILL BE OPPOSED Patrols Prohibited from Cross ing Border Under Any Cir cumstances; Border Well Martialed by Troops. WASHINGTON. March 9. Washing ton stands squarely behind Colonel Slocum in sending his cavalrymen in to Mexico in pursuit of the Villa out laws who raided Columbus. Secretary Lansing informed the de facto govern ment through Ambassador Designate: Arredondo. that he trusted no object ion would be made to the action of ttui American troops. No orders were is sued for return of the soldiers and probably none will be issued for tbe present. Shocked indignation at news of the outrage succeeded undismissed satis faction in official and congressional "irclos that, after three years of pa- Ment forbearance. I nited States 'roops actually were on Mexican soil to avenge the death of their comrades nd bring to justice the outlaws whose depredations have terrorized Americans on both sides of the bor ler. Reports of the American troops' action tonight, probably fifteen miles outh of the border against a- much larger force of bandits were heard with anxious interest in official cir cles. It is not considered in administra tion circles that the pursuit in any sense constituted an invasion of Mex ico which policy the administration has opposed and will continue to op pose. There is normally no authority for the presence of American troops in Mexico. Patrols are under orders not to cross in any consideration. If provocation is not so great officers re sponsible will face a courtmartial. Suggestions that Colonel Slocum face a courtmartial were scouted by som officials but at the War Department they were not discussed. More than 4.000 cavalry and a bat talion of the Fourth Mountain Artill ery with twelve guns are in the terri- ory between Douglas and El Paso. They can be assembled at any point within twenty-four hours. In the same territory are eight regiments of infan try, the Sixth Field Artillery and a battalion of the Fourth Artillery, mak- ng an additional force of approxi mately SOOO infantry and thirey-six field and mountain guns which could "e gatherer at Columbus in two days. Administration leaders fear the out break of critics of the President's Mex- can policy in Congress tomorrow. Senator Fall of New Mexico, long an rdent supporter of intervention, an nounced his purpose of introducing a resolution to provide for the recruit ;ng of 500.000 volunteers to intervene ;n Mexico at the earliest moment. It is known other senators, including fiallinger. have in contemplation reso lutions in respect to aggressive action 'oward Mexico. NO ORDERS RECEIVED SAN FRANCISCO. March 9. Major Geneial Bell, commanding the western lepartment. said no orders had" been received to send troops to Mexico. He lid not expect any. The only organi sation now in San Francisco is the -oast artillery. Bell said it would not he moved from there. The mobile troops available. Bell aid. include one regiment and two Htilions of infantry in Washington, l regiment of cavalry at Monterey. 3an Diego and Calexico. The cavalry ind infantry will be immediately a vailahle. be said, but in his opinion aouIiI not be called.