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THE WEEKLY AETZONAN
JANUARY 22. , 1870. TUE INDIAN QCKST10N ""The condition of our Indian affairs is to-day, disenssed with 2, greater show of inter est than, perbop, at anj former tiite. Amopg the writers and ftateamen of tbis country the question has always baen discussed in a man ner which evinced nn almost inexcusable dif ference of opinion ; but ner before, perhaps, have short-sightedaeti and ignorance controll ed h queEtion of bo much importune to the country and of such dreadful import to those iinrcetnateiy under iU influence nsthc subject of Indian affair in Arizou which, at present, ig considered with the roost disgusting flippancy, tod by mu whose special duty it is to give it duo consideration with the view to (he eradi cation of the evil and ruinous effects the result of a mistake of years. General Ord. in his report, say3: "hostilities in Arizona are kept up with a vi?w of protect ing the inhabitant's, most of whom areEuppori ed by th hostilities." In tbis statement Gen. Ord certainly knows thoro must be a blending of falsehood. Let us enquire under what circumstances and in what manner this protection of the inhabitants is extended No freighter, whether be have Quar termaster's stores, or merchandise for citizens, is ever protected, unless a military officer havo occasion to accompany his train; in which, case soma 10 or 12 soldiers, (according to Gen. Ord's arrangements,) are detailed to accompany said officer; and thus afford a specie of acci dental protecticu. vt r i li lNBiiaer rn.ii.ur nor traveller receives nav i military protection, and we know of none who j do unless, indeed, the inhabitants cf military posts. Again Gen. Ord's report says: Only about 1,000 fighting men of the Apache In dians are left. The race is fast dying out. The absuriity of thh statement will be best understood by contrast with statements made by Gen. Thorn up, commanding the Department of tie Pacific. He says : In administering an extensive military de partment like this, containing over 450,000 square mile., or greater by about 100,000square miles than the original 13 States, occupied by a population of savages estimated at from 50. 000 to 75 000, girrisoned by 3 000 men, or three to every 450 square iniie, who are scat tered it 30 posts, camps and cnntouniebts mar of them only accesnihle nt certain .seasons of the year and after crossingexteniivc deserts, the expenditures are principallydue to the cost o.f transporting supplies. The expense of sup plying rations at camp Goodwin, one of the posts of Arizona, nnd of feeding nninis,! there, can be comj ared with similar expenses in San Francisco, when it is known that a good barrel of Hour can be bought in San Francis, o for the army for from $4 to $5 in gold ; and it h-s heretofore cost, to take 200 pounds of freight to Camp Goodwin, in Arizona about $30 in gold; goin? by laud from Yuma depot A barrol of flour purchased in Arizoua costs, delivered at Cam;i Goodwin, about $25 in gold, bo that it hi s cost the Government purchasing supplisfi thpro or thereabout five or mx timex as ranch to led the soldiers there as here, ar.d the rati n for a horse at Camp Goodwin, costs now about fiva times as much as it does in San Francisco. There are l i posts in Arizona, with an aver age garrison of 15C men each, or 2,100 men, There are in the Territory 3,300 horses and mules; and to maiutain these troops and ani mals it cost the Government, not including fuel, quarters, medical attendance, arms and ac coutrements, ammunition, clothing, pay of the troops an i employes, or stables, at leas: $4,000 a day; add other items all the mora expensive, where, ns in Southern Arizona, a foot of lumber costs 25 cents, and the costs to the Govern ment for the troops iu Arizona is not far from $3,000,000 per annum. This represents matters pretty nearly as they are; with this exception, that in calculating price3 every thing is considerably overrated. But admitting that it costs three millions of dollars per annum to carry on this mock war against the Apaches the magnanimity of the" government deserves not to be applauded, but its mismanagement condemned. An active war has been carried on against these Indians daring the past six years, costing in the aggregate about $15,000,000 nnd all this has went for nothing, as the Indian is to-day more formidable than he was six years ago. And if a like force operate in like manner for the next six years it will certainly accomplish no more than has been done in the past, while another 15,000,000 will hi.ve pa?sed from the treasury; from which no return will ever bo ob- tained. Now, itwould appear to us that enough has besn learned in this Bchoo! to suggest the advantages of ajchange of experiment. Let but half the amounj of the annual expenditure, n3 calculated by Gen Thomas, be placod at the disposal of the Governor of this Territory, to paycitizsni to fight the Apaches, and we will venturo to predict that under such arrange ment the dawn of 1872 will witness a thorough tubjusation of the xVpache the only founda tion which can ever support the edifice of peace. It is, however, p!easin to noto thatwehave at least oo General who see3, and is not nsharrd nor afraid to represent the Indian as he is. We refer to the following extract from the report of Gen. Sheridan : "The Indians have ruu rio along the lines of our W estern settlements nnd tho emigrant and commercial lines of travel for many years, murdering and plundering without any adequate punishment, and the Government heretofore sought to give protection to some of its best interests by making presents to those savages, or in other words, while it found it necessary to enact the most stringent laws for the govern ment of civilized whiles, it was attempting to govrn a wild, brutal and savage people with out any laws at all, or the infliction of any punishment for the most beliiou.? crimes. This system was not a success. If a while corrmit3 murder or robs wc hang him or send him to the penitentiary. If an Indian does the same we hs.ve been in the habit of giving him more blankets. "The Indian is a lazy, idle vagabond ; he never labors, and has no profession except that of arais, to which he is raided from a child; a scalp is constantly dangled before bis jc3, and the highest honor he can uspire to is to possess one tak? N by himself. It is not to be wonder ed at, therefore, if he aims for the honor when he grows np, especially if therein no punish ment to follow the barbarous act. "The system of supplying tho wild bands un der the present management is working wdl; tho Indian gets all that the Government intend j him to have ; ho cannot now plead bad faith, and if he does not now give up his cruel and destructive habits, 1 fee no other way to save the lives and properly of our peopb; than to punish him until peace becomes a desirable object." We publish to-day anynop:i3 of th? proceed ings of the Grand Jury. Tho thorough inves tigation, by this body, of every subject brought uuder its observation, and the energy and in dustry displayed in enquiring into the many popular abu? -s, iu trade, 3 jcLi!, and iu oliieo, reflect much credit upon 'its members, who, in point of intelligence, were evidently a judicious selection. There is one man in the West who, it would appsar, was created expressly to shim-in jour nalism; and tbis man is Golirick, or the Rocky Mountain Herald. If he is not a geniu, whether as an editor, a reporter, or publisher, then there never was a newspaper genius on this continent. Kiad his paper and you in stiiictively feel that something relates to yon tho ruling features of the editor's character a sage, a superficial j i!ter. and a shrewd and active business-man a singular combination ; bnt supplying every requisite for success in newspaper enterprise. Correspondence Florence, A. T. Jan. 4th, 1870. Mr.. Editor: Permit me through the col umns cf your paper to correct a false, and ap parently a ma i:.t.',j staieifnt which apporrs in the annual rcpuri of Gen. E. O. C. Ord, datsd San Francisco, Cal., Sep'-einber 27th, '!9 concerning the "ill ti eat went of peaceful In dians" in this Terriiary iu which I am con spicuoos. In a paragraph of the report refer red to the following sti.i ment occurs : 'As as instance of the necessity of isolating reservations : tbe Pimas and Maricopa, al ways friendly, who cultivate the foi! and render good service as scouts in reducing the hostile Indians, have a reservation on the Giia river a number of Mexican and some A w American squatters have setiled upon portions of it; I am informed that the Indian agent is one of tbm' Hivirg held for the past three year?, prior to the 1st of September IP 69, the position of U. S. SpeciaMndian Agent for the Pima, Paps ago, Maricopa, and Tame Apache Indians of Arizona, I certainly am the agent referred to in the report of Gen. Ord, benco this leply. Were only the eitizens of this portion of the Territory concerned, this refutation - of false statements would be wholly unnecessary; lor all such who read tho report knowwhat Talue to place upon it, what credit to give it; but there are others wbohave already read it, and from the coming irom suca n mu eu...v commanding general of a department will naturally accept it as a statement of facts ; and it is in ordor to set iryself and others riht before this class that I wrike : r.. .i, m.,t- l.P.n ;i reservation was laid off 111 IUQ for the Pima and Maricopa Indians, on the Gi!a River, by Col. A. B. Gray, uuder. im raed:ate supervision of Lieutenaut S. Howry, who was then agent for these Indians. The In dian did not accept of this reservation as a full settlement of their claims against the United States goTernmenf However, the greater portion of thoiii was at that time within its lim its, and have continued therein up to the pres ent time; and no Mexican or American has, during the past three yenrs, settled, or attempt; ed or settle or squat on this reservation. 2fol one single instance oftuch interference with their rights lias occurred within the above pe riod ; and any penon making htntenib'.ifs to tha contrary is either too Ignorant of the facts, or too reckless with the truth to be entitled to credit. As I have already stated, there appears to be connected with the utterance of the above par agraph a degree of raalieiousucss which, when the facts are known, (as they must necessar ily havo been by the person making the origi nal report) plainly shows a ve-y dopiavedand malicious mind. I refer to that portion of ihe paragraph which says iam a squatter on the Pima and Maricopa reservation. "The Indi an Agent'' could not, at the time th'j above paragraph was written, have meant any other thun myie'f. I am aware that "I am informed" is fre quently, yes generally, a very slippery fe low to corns at not leliable. This time he has not com- '.Mthin fourteen miles of teilinu' the truth ! that being Is- than the distanc between my Squatter" claim and the Pima and -Maricopa reservation. And I am ';!! :.war who this informant of Ord is. "Diificultlts of kerious nature would have ensued bed no! Gen. Alex und'r, commanding the nearol niili'ary post nterfer?d." This fetntement is, lil.o othars n'tsu, wholly d.void of the truth ; in fact the reverse is, I an satisfied true. Had not Gen. Alexai.der interfered, as he did. wiiiioiii suir'cient can or warrant, I am fully satisfied that the Indi ans spoken of would, at this tini'.-, cnter'ain r. better feeling and a grentrr degree of respect for Americans ; for, what he did, tended ra her to embitter thsm, and engender hatred, than to promote and nourish what little respect and confidence they previously had had in Ameri cans. Now, the factj of this maltr are simpiv us follows: Gen. Ord has been deceived, and in duced to put iuto his report statements which aie fal3t, and which are known to be so by 'all persons who know anything of these mattets ; and had it not been tln.t I was personally al Iudi'd to. I should not have taken ihe trouble to refute them. For two yfara prior to the tirnrt Gen. Ab-x- nnier assumed command at Gamp McDowr.ll, matters within my agency wore permitted to o along smoothly no difficulties of any mag nitude occurring; but when he arrived he did not appear to be satisfied with hucli a state of affairs ; so, ir&tead of using the means placed ai ins oispcsai lor the chastisement of the hos tile and mnrdering Arache, he at once turned bisattontson toward promoting difficulties with peacefnl.Indians. An instance : He mnrched with a squadron of cavalry from Camp McDow ell to the Pima villages, about GO milos di tant, in the month of November, 186S, in or der to compel the Indians to return to their owner. E. Lane, three head of Texas cattle, which cattle thelndians had not refused to re turn or pay for ; and through incorrect inter preting a difficulty arose between him and the Indians which would have terminated in blood shed bad not Antonio Azui, Chief of the Pimkg been possessed of more sound judgment and common sense than this man Geu. Alexander In this connection I would suggest that if Gen. Alexander had used more exertion to quel, the marauding Apache, and Jess in excit ing hatred in friendly Indians, ho would have merited, and justly received tho gratitude of the Apache-besieged poopie of this unfortu nate Territory. lx w. Levi Ruggles, (Fte) li. ?, Sp. Ind. Agent. 1 " 'IVotice ! ! IVo will inform tho Public and tr,.i- nmnity in general, that we have jus j,1- fitted up, a good store, house at Fort Bo ml have furnished the same win. . assortmo - t of Goods suitable for Travels0 emigrants, which we will sell at the earnf ' that suca troous are ?ota tor m t tho Hio Grandet Our Stock conaijts of a ' '4 asjortment of Dry Goods and Grocoriej will koap constantly on nana flour, Bd m V 1 Corn, Uoans, anu m tact, any article r.MJ. . emigrants, and travellers, at roducod pr! Jj Jan. 15th 1S70. ADAMSVILLE SALOflfj -by- CHARLES ADA3ZS. Main Street, Adamsville. :oO o: This Pioneer Establishment keeps first 1 i.. c , " "S uucjiiiLiiuutuJuiJa uuu every ciass ot rj;i menis. ja22tf Eg PIONEER MILLS' :oOo: W. BICHABD &t A T Titrrt vrrr rr -r -m a v J..LijJii. A. T. H Having just fitted up their irrllsntA.. till with new and excellent inocfcrer enabled to do a larger bushier i itrl:: and nrc now prepared to furnish flour to tt actors and all others at uurereasi rates tiian it can be supplied elsewhere.. ierntory. January 22, 1870. Tucson, A. T.T JunelsI- M R. Piatt of Tucson, i3 kcrejv a oar agent for the transaction ot a.i connected directly or indirectly v U portAtion of Government stores frou . Dp pot to all posts dependant upon it ; r plies. hinds & iiuu::: jNOTICE A LI. Persons are hereby cau'Vi (Iv purchasing or negotiating iu any raaim-r ver a ct rtaii: Voucher. IX'lHYl' issued by Cnpt. N. D. A. Sawjer, ,i 3 A Army at Camp Mt'Doveli, A T, Ap 1869. in favor of Hinton, lioonrru' $l.0b!70 C7 S. co-n or its eqti,v...pi' cur oney at date of navmerit : s.il t hav.ng been stolen while rn rout? fro.a J copa '.Vulls to Arizona City, A. T. New vouehers for the above st ec feJ." having been isued by ordrrof ihe Quar1 tir-(j: oral, payment of the oriii.i . voucher has been s -pped. Tke ir u , nevf r having sig?;fd said voucher, arr . : ture to thesame purporting to be t.ic.ra torgery. "'' illNTON HOOPER & Co. By their successors j3:4t U OOPJR WHITING k C . To be Sold for Cash! A FULL STOCK CF GOODS cuem'j past of Dry Good, Clothing. Military Fcr Goods, Hais, Caps, Grecories, etc., etc -ii for sale by the undersigned at CashPrcei.f January 1st, 1870. for one month. Goods remaining unsold on the htofl"' will bo disposed of at Auction, with, utrs tx we are determined to close out our s. s. and examine our goods and we will coar-' that wo moan what wo say. GOODWIN k FOE SALE ! THE undersigned offer? for sale a tff -interest iu a No. 1 Steam Flouring-3IiH, in tho Town of ALTAR, Sonora, MencJ. Those wishing to invest in such prope"" mii, lYimom aeiay .on ino uuu.-'-s-1 in i'ueson. A. T. The Terms will be as favorable s t asked. Tho running gear of a saw-mill is L' me samo being m the Iowa of Tucson. MAKGKET L. CABl- Jan. 14, 1870. NOTICE ! The partnershin h Newton Israel and George Cox hat t,!J: - , " uj -uuiuai concent ah v ; .a Debs will bo settled by Nowton Israil M "Y 7 -u am firm of Iirti ettle their atcounts with Newton Israsl. WSWT0NI33L f.ftmn r....i m m -v ... l!" a ! a. x. ve 9o,io. ' V'-".