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PIUSt" YEAR, NO: 10. SEWARD, ALASKA^ I’K'I l>.AV. QCTQIIKK '-'I. Ittol,_SINCI.K rol’IKS m t'KNTS Yathentic News Railway Construc tion VN it! be Pushed Bank Coming to Seward lr. :he Seattle Post-Intelligencer <>f • he'»th itistanet, an interview,with Mr; .John 1\. Ih.liaint. president of the Xanana Construction company, the incorporation that inis taken the con* tract to build the Alaska t entra! if ail way t was published. Te'> interview, leadlines and all. is jjiven below: -To rush work on Alaska central Nothing to interfere with build ing progress. ‘John E Ballainc president of ihc Tatiana Construction Company, returns from t.:p to cast, where; he secures all necessary money. "Construction work on the Alaska Central railroad will continue us fast as we can get men and mat* rial, "in to!- ami sutnm* r, until the road is com pleted to the Tanana rivet*. M e now have 250 met at work, ami twenty-one mi1* s of t ack.completed. Me aim to complete an* th *r t ‘ t : 'iles yet this year, a d next year to oush on to trom 100 to 125 miles. We aim to have our rai's through to the Tanana river. 120 miles fro u S*ward, within two years and a half.’ T is statment was made vest onlay hy John M. Ball:in**, pr. si lent of the '"anan Con-tructi n < ’ompmy. which is building the \la>ka t entral railroad. !!<■ has jus* return* l m>m a month's trip to Chicago where a contract was closed for all tie- money needed to hu d ti.e Alaska * • n* •«! «f*ihsW,l. Mr. Ballainc declined to give any tur ther particulars, *xe*pt to say that the ne v arvan-n. -nt would necessarily in volves veral i npor ant changes in the ntlieial make-up of the Alaska Central Kailway Company . The hva'qu urcr-. however, ar • t > remain in Seattle, and Mr. Balliane cont inues president of the construction company. He makes this statement: •In connection with the building of the Alaska V entral. we are arranging with the Alaska Pacific Navigation Company to put on a sixteen-knot steamer to ply direct between Seattle and Seward, commencing May 1. next spring. This will be in addition to the r. other steamers now running between Seattle and S, ward. We shall employ next year from'l.5o0 to 2.000 men. •It is unnecessary to remind the busi ness men of Seattle what a re\olutiot in the development of Alaska " ill In brought about hy the building of tin Alaska Central. If they intend tohoU the increasing trade of that territory some radical changes, which will read ily occur to them, will have to b made in their methods of doing busi m-,, with Alaska Branch wholesal houses should l>e established by thci ut Seward, fur if they do not, other will. A bank i* to be ostuirnsmu mediately at Seward, with a capital o >.*>M>oo. The men behind it arc t . 1' Dickerraan. a St. Paul capitalist, an K. (}. Hale, a Spokane banker. It bank will be opened and ready for bus ness within sixtyulays. Aside from tapping the rich ar xtensive gold tields of Central Alask with which the people of Seattle at familiar, the Alaska l entral railio. will open to the markets of the Paeil the greatest quantities of high-gnu coal west of Peennsylvania. [ belive "he building of the rot will add from *.'>0.000,000 to *100.000,0< annuhllv to Alaska's gold output, a will change completely the coal supi of the entire Pacific ocean. ' Mr.Ballaine ha* almost single-hand carried forward the Alaska Central t "erprise, him*‘If raising all the mon that ha* been expended in it, and t additional several millions required complete it. He will leave for Se urd, the southern terminus next M< dt»v. to organi/.e the force* there thr work before them.” Iut*t Tue*day the foregoing * shewn to Mr. trunk L, ballathe v pi -idem ol the Construction Coir]mi uid who makes In* heudquurtei|| Seward. y i . i u'ivi e utfiutd *.il that brot her had said, and added that the conn any were only carrying out the details and plans that had been ar- ! ranyt d when work was tirst started here last sprinyf. He also stated that Mr. John K. BaIl ian- had left Seattle on the Bertha, would stop otT at Juneau, then proceed toSkay w:i\ where he would take a trip over tin- White Pass and Yukon rail way. returning ty> Skayway and Ju neau.lie would catch the Santa Ana,and w ith other people connected with the enterprise of which he is the head, yvould arrive in Seward about tlit*Listh instant! *T,v t hi-time next year,” added Mr. Ballaine. ••the raiiyvay yvill l*e complet ed to the «*oal fields on the Matanuska river.** SUPPLIES FOR NATIVES Being Taken to Copper Center by the Government Monday morning Lieut. Sharp with t;> horses and ill 5,000 pounds of provis ions. |, ft here over the trail to land the •_> ...ms at Copper Center as a relief s;;ppl_\ for the benefit of the natives along i he ('upper river. This is in compliance with an order recently issued from the war depart ment t> the command'r in charge at Fort Liscurn, and is nodouht t lie result of the trip through Alaska last summer of Li*- it, mint Kmmons, wiio eatue to examint into the condition of tlie nat ives, and t«) report on measures of re lief and advancement. Tlie present supply will tide the natives over the winter, an 1 by next summer some action will be begun to e iuiate them in such a manner that in the iuture they may become self support ing. The large log building at Copper ( at i . known as the koo-koo's nest, was placed at the disposal of Lieutenant Sharp, d from there he will distrib ute sup,', “s and render aid in a judici ous manner. ,V.» »ur 11..J 1 i.'ill I'Mflllt Oil tlie trip .a .lack Ingraham, Roy Merchant. Joe Weckert. Jack Nelson, ('barley Ne,' n. Billy Lewis and Hartman. 1' uspector. GEOLOGICAL SUR VEYS IN ALASKA Ex|ert Examination Into the Dis trict Has Been Profitable Fw people realize how very little unknown of the great Territory of Alt ca previous to 1*08 and how much oumresent knowledge of it- resources i> t * result of investigations made by mebers of the United States Geologic al ‘irvey. Irchased from Russia in 1*07 for $7,h),000, it remained for 20 years 1 prtically unknown. The discovery i in*97 of the rich gold deposit of the - Kidike region tired popular fancy ' ar moved congress to appropriate - $2 >00 for suveys in Alaska. sudden widespread demand for i kw ledge about this great unknown s non of the national domain arose. a the United State- Geological Sur i- v attempted to collect the information t t promptly a- time, circumstances 1. i money would permit. The general d lilts of these efforts are set forth in e • intersting article contained in i- letin No. 227, a recent publication he survey concerning its own origin, d elopment, organization and opera t. n, e Yeviou- to ls:».s several investiga id ns of a preliminary nature had been io de. Although co-operating with ie rious other organizations in these vestlgationt. the survey had nospe id it fund for \lakah work until 1895, >0 ien congress appreciated the sum of id (KM) for the investigation of the gold l\id coal resources of the territory. Under a similar ahproprintion in 1899 ?oe examination b* the placer gold n educing areas along the Yukon river e as commenced. Sibco 1898 appropra hons have been much larger, and the tork In’s developed rapidly. Up to the ▼resent ‘ime the appropriation for thi wRaskkn work aggregated $252,098.70* f« The » epeditions of the earlier year ad resulted in contributions to the ' nowlege of the Yukon valley, the interior plateau, the St. Klias range. ■ Mi the coast south of that range, hut a.-t of the count r\ was practically un crown. * The reconnaissance trip- oi 1898 added to the map many of the most important geographic features lying south of the Yukon river, ahd the trips of each suceeding ye$r have filled many gaps in the earlier work and oxtened it from the Yukon Kf <’ to the Arctic ocean and from the Koyukuk to the codst of Bering sea. ' (Jae of the mdt important functions of the survey in Alaska has been the production of to|x>grt»l>hic maps. The value of these maps can not be over estimated. About one sixth of the territory, constitutin',' an area of from 90,000 to 100.000 square miles, has been •covered by topographic surveys. The investigation- «>f gold-bearing localities have been rich in practical results, only a few <>: which can he mentioned here. In 180S the regions which might prove t he mineral de posits of economic value were outlined, and it is interesting t>> note that the new mining camp “t Fairbanks has recently been devlop 1 in one of these areas. In the survey reported on the Nome district, which was the accurate one published, the fact was emphasized that the source of the gold was in the hills, not. as many supposed at that time, oil shore. Tlu at tent ton of pros pectors was directed mthe high gravels occurring as terraces on the hill slopes, and these have since been worked with very profitable res Its. It was fur ther predicted that tlu tundra bet ween Nome and the hill- would probably produce gold in pay i»'ir quantities, as i it is now doing. The work of these few weeks may be taken as an illust ration of the practical value of the survey’s investigat >n, I’he copper deposits of !Vince \\ Uiam sound were investigated in 189.1. those of Kletsan creek in those of the copper river country in 19iH.l. and those of the Ketchikan mining district in 1901. In everv case important tacts were learned regarding the occurrence and distri bution of the ore. In 1900 a member of the survey noted an occurrence of sttv.im in in the \ork region. I*rospeetin was stimulated hy the pubWr'tinp ■ , 4 *t*n«ly mjjort on the subject. In luOS members of the survey succeeded in tracing the tin ore to deposits in granitic dykes. A large amount of material has been assembled relating to coals and the dis tribution of eoal hearing rocks through out Alaska. In 190.3 the oil fields in the vicinity of Controller bay from the Copper river delta to Cape St. Elias were examined, including a portion of the valley of Chilkat river. The oil Helds on the west coast of Cook inlet a ad on Cold hay on Alaska peninusla. were also investigated.- Denver Min ing Record. Late stive in hats and caps at Brown A Hawkins MR. CARTER’S OPERATIONS Heavy Shipment of Machinery to Cook Inlet On the steamer Santa Clara, the last trip was a cargo of 12’> tons additional machinery for S. Carter of the Cook Inlet country. As noted in this paper a few weeks ago, the lirst installment of Mr. Car I tor’s plants Was delivered at its desti nation some time ago. This last shipment was more partic ularly the heavy castings and iron for the extensive placer plants that Mr. Carter is putting in. He will install a complete hydraulic plant on Rainbow creek, and will erect an improved California dredger on Resurrection creek, near Hope. It is claimed hv those who know, that Mr. Carter has some very valuable ground. As high as $(>.00 per day to the man has been the average in gold taken out heretofore with the pick and shovel. fourth Avenue Improved To the Alaska Central Commercial Company too much credit cannot he given for the work this concern has inaugurated in improving the avenue in front of their premises. They went at the job in the proper manner. It was immaterial whether a man was proprietor, book-keeper or clerk; wet weather did not dampen their urder. they removed their coats and went in to drill. Teams were secured and hundreds of loads of shingle, which makes a tine street covering, were hauled up from the beach and spread over the surface. Now the lower end of Fourth avenue is a credit to the town. It is not improbable..but that other property holders along that thorough fare will be enthused s^d imbibe some of this same spirit and if will not be long until Sr ward wtl] us it should be. AMD GRUBSTAKE An Account Which Tells of the In terior Country and its Great Possibilities O. G. Herning, Held manager for the Klondike & Boston Gold Mining company, his wife and boy, arrived in Seward on the last trip of the Dora from Knik and will make this point their future home. Mr.' Herning has yenned residence property on North Third avenue and will at once begin the erection of a house. His boy entered the public school last Wednesday. The Klondike & Boston company’s property is located on Willow creek and Grubstake gulch Willow creek being a tributary of the lower Susitna, and Grubstake gulch, a feeder of \\ il | low creek. This company own thirty-one placer claims, some of their holdings having been acquired in 1808, and others hav ing since been purchased. Willow creek, which runs about east and west, is 50 miles in length. 1 and this property is situated in what is known us the basin, about 40 miles al>ove its junction with the | lower Susitna This basin, which be gins above the canyon, is about -0 miles long and varies in width from 1 000 to 1000 feet. The Alaska Central railway crosses Willow creek below the canyon. As Willow ereek heads in the foot hills of the Matinuska mountains,these claims are only about -4 miles from ; tide water at Knik, while by follow ing the course of the streams the *1 j'tnncc Is 110 miles. Mr. Herning now has landed at Knik all the necessary hydraulic machinery to operate the mines under his control on a commensurate scale. This ma terial will be sledded to the property this winter. This machinery consists in part of a new Ruble grizzly elevator which will handle boulders weighing as much as 800 pounds and throw them 35 feet in the air. This does away entirely with , the necessity of an elevator. There will he three giants and the Ruble grizzly at work next season. During the past summer operations ' were conlined more to dead work and getting ready for more extensive op erations in the future. Instead of the i best pay being found in the creek, de velopment proved that the benches were more prolific in auriferous wealth, and as Mr. Herning stated, he is very well satisfied with results. Considerable dead work has been done. It was necessary to blast 500 feet in length of rock in the canyon to secure a proper dump. Ditches were run one through a very hard cement j formation. Only ten days of actual mining has been performed, yet in that brief time sufficient gold was extracted to pay for all the labor which had been carried on. on the property. Mi\ Herning has a troy pound of the gold with him; it is quite coarse, very rough and is ! about 800 tine. This gold is different ! in appearance, not being worn so i smooth as other gold from the interior. Mr. Herriing tells of an interesting j deposit belonging to his company. It is a cement gravel hank 500 feet high, which carries gold in paying quanti ties. In digging a ditch through this cement enough gold was recovered to pay the cost of the work. This ce ment is so tenacious, however, that a giant will not cut it, but he is of the opinion that by starting a face on it. it will air-slack sufficiently .that sev* eral feet can be washed away at a time with giants; Some nuggets were encountered during flic few daVs that active mining was carried on. Many pieces were found hinging in value from 50 cents to *i:00. while one was picked up that weighed $11.'JO. The Grubstake gulch gold is easy to save, even the Hour gold, but Mr. Herning finds that by using mercury lie obtained more sat isfactory results. Fresh candies and fruit will lie re ceived at Seward News Stand by first boati MINING ENGINEER ON THE KLONDIKE The Same can be Said of the In terior Tributary to Seward “ If we could step ir.to tlie future fifty yciirs it would be to sec at least 1,000.000 men mining in Alaska. That number would be found wresting min eral wealth gold, copper and lead from the districts on ether side of the great Yukon. In other words, the line | of fortune-seekers would extend from Juneau and Skagway ; cross to and down tin* Yukon and around to Norm." The foregoing observations wen* made yesterday by Henry J. Powers, a veteran mining enginter and expert. *Jpon his return from the Klondike, a passenger of the strainer Jefferson. For many years Mr. Power* lias passed upon mining properties in the capacity | of an expert and engineer for the Cud jahysof Chicago, his mission north ! was to map out a plan of winter oper ation of the Klondike mines of the North American Transportation and Trading Company! in which the Cud I ahvs are the heaviest stockholders. I Mr. Powers continued: When I say l.duo.uoO men will he found mining in Alaska half a century hence ! believe it, of course, and l think the statements! however extravagant it I may seem to those who know nothing of that vast treasure land, is consera* ! tive. And if 1,000,000 people are min* : ing there, then they will certainly I he making a living and better. That much we have a right to assume, else they would not he so engaged. And ; with that number of people digging j out mineral wealth, one can scarcely I conpute the annual production. Take the Klondike, which to my not ion i^ the most remarkable placer gold district in many respects ever diseover j od. and we find that they have hardly more than begun to take out gold. ,T>’ue.’ if has dreduced over $100,000, j 000 in gold, but there is much more i left. The district.as a whole, is the greatest hydraulic proposition 1 ever saw. All of the creeks, tailings and everthing else, will he washed over by hydraulics. There is plenty of tailing ground which will run $1 to the cubic yard. My judgment is that the Klondike river, from which the famed distric* takes its name.' and from which no gold to speak of lias thus far been tak en.' will within the next live years star tle the world, ft will be done through diedging operations. There is a con tinuous deposit of placer gold extend ing from the mouth of the Klondike I fourteen miles up to the mouth of i Hunker. This gold, my theory is, ! lias been washed into the Klondike i from Hunker. Bear and Bonanza creeks, all tributaries.’ These three streams are fabulously rich. That their placer treasures, a very large percentage at least, have been washed out into the larger stream, and more or less for that matter on into the \ ukon, seems to me most rensonable. It is well known that the Klondike river cart ies gold in paying quantities. Prospecting has shown that to the satisfaction of any experienced miner. The reason it has not been worked b» - fore now Is because of the heavy cost of the machinery necessary to its develop ment.' but Within tire years I expect no less than 1(H) dredgers will be found in operation on the Klondike rivers. Joseph Boyle, a jK>or man. owns a mineral concession covering practically lull of the fourteen-mile stretch of river I am discussing. His concession, while still alive and effective, has so far brought him but little, mainly for the reason that he has not the money with which to operate.’’—Seattle P.-I. 5th instant. From all information that can be gathered, the great Tanana and its tributaries will be equally productive as the Klondike. When it is taken into consideration that at least five tons of material, including provisions, tools, machinery, etc., per man each year must be hauled into the country, not counting the outbound freight, some conception of the enormous tonage for railways into the country can be ar rived at. Not only the Tanuhaj but the Susit na, the Matanusku, Chickaloon, and other well known water courses have been proven to he prolific in their wealth of gold, and are qnly awaiting the advent of cheap transportation to pour this latent wealth infn the coffers of the world.